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1.

ACE Inhibitor's
(Angiotensin
Converting
Enzyme)
-Dont take with potassium sparing
diuretics
-Dry Cough
-Dont take if pregnant/may cause fetal
injury/death
-Increased risk of HyperKalemia
2. Acetaminophen
(APAP)
-Risk of Liver Damage
3. Alopecia
(male pattern
baldness
treatment)
-For men only
-Keep away from children, pregnant
women/women
-May cause fetal injury/death
4. Alpha Blocker's -Orthostatic Hypertention
-blood pressure drops really low causing
you to feel faint, dizzy, or like youre going
to pass out
-For BPH or Cardiovascular Issues
5. Amino
Suppressant's
-Routine eye exams
-Routine blood work
6. Analgesic's
(for pain)
-Urinary
-Narcotic
-Non-Narcotic
-Shingle's Pain
-Oral/Transdermal
7. Analphylactic (ex) Epipen
-Auto injection/prefilled
-Inject only in thigh
-Keep on you at all times
8. AngiotensinII
Receptor
Blocker's
-Routine Liver Function Tests
-Functions through the liver
-No Grapefruit
9. Anti-Anxiety (ex) Vistaril
-Used for sedation/Pre-OP
10. Anti-
Arrhythmic's
-Risk of stroke
-Blood thinner is usually given with these
as well.
11. Anti-Asthmatic (ex) Singulair
-LTRA'S(Leukotriene Receptor Blocker)
-Inhaled for Asthma
-Steroid
12. Anti-
Coagulant's
-Decreases the clotting ability of food
-Blood Thinner
-Increased Bleeding
-Monitor for Blood Clotting
-Dont take aspirin or acetaminophen
-Urine may change color-darker
13. Anti-Convulsant's
(anti-
epeleptic/seizure)
-Liver Damage
-Routine Liver Function Tests
-No Grapefruit
-Hepatotoxic to the liver
-lots of drowsiness
-Cant take if pregnant
-Interfere's with birth control
14. Anti-Depressant's -Monitor closely for worsening
depression
-Increased Suicide Risk
(ex) Desyrel
-Seratonin Modulator
(ex) Budeprion -SR & -SL
-Branded Generic for Wellbutrin &
Aplenzin
-Avoid alcohol-Increases risk of
seizure
15. Anti-Emetic
(anti-nausea)
-Lot's of drowsiness (ex) Antivert
16. Anti-Fungal (ex) Diflucan
(ex) Flagyl-(misc. antibiotic)
-Oral for infections, bacterial
infections & STD's
-Nitroimidizole's
-Profuse vomitting if taken with
alcohol
17. Anti-
Hyperlipidemic's
(Statins)
-Tons of drug interactions
-Works through the liver
-Has to be monitored
-Routine Liver Function Tests (LFT)
-No Grapefruit
-Lowers cholesterol
18. Anti-Inflammatory
for the prostate
-For men only
-Maximizes flow of urine
-(STEROID)-
(ex) Deltasone, Medrol Dose Pak
-Suppresses immune system
-Stomach upset/take with food or milk
(ex) Solu-Medrol
-IM or IV injection
-For emergency situations
19. Anti-Lipidemic
Agent's
(Fibrate's)
-Speeds process of removing
cholesterol
20. Anti-Metabolite's (ex) Rheumatrex
-Can cause Limphoma
21. Anti-Migraine -use at first sign of migraine
(ex) Fioricet
-lots of drowsiness
-may cause liver damage
-use at first sign of migraine
Drug Class Side Effects/Warnings & Drug Nomenclature
Stems
Study online at quizlet.com/_cyq29
22. Anti-Viral -(for HIV)
-Upset Stomach
-HIV med's are given w/3-5
other drugs & is called a
"cocktail"
-(for Flu
Prevention/Treatment)
(ex) Tamiflu
-Oral Neuraminidase
Inhibitor
23. Antibiotic's -FluoroQuinolone's
-Penicillin's
-Tetracycline's
-Cephalosporin's
-Macrolide's
-Opthalmic
-Sulfa
-Topical
-Anti-Fungals
24. AntiDiabetic's -Type1 always uses insulin
(injections) never oral
-Type 2 starts with oral then
add's insulin/tries Byetta
first
-70/30=premixed
combonation insulins
-rDNA origin=common dna
w/human insulin
-Hum=like human insulin
-gl (in generic name)=think
"glucose"/sugar
-100 units per ml for U-100
Insulin
25. Antihistimine
for the eye
(ex) Pataday
-Eye drops
-Inflammation of the outer
layer of the skin
-Itchy, Red, Watery Eyes
26. Antihistimine's ...-1st Generation-Lots of
drowsiness/sedating
-2nd Generation-little to no
drowsiness/non-sedating
-Used for Allergies/Colds
-NAS=nasal
-AQ=water based
27. Antihistimine's w/ Cough
Suppressant's &
Decongestant's
-Multi-Symptom Relief
-Drowsiness
-Cant take if you have High
Blood Pressure
-Dont use decongestant if
you are diabetic
28. Antihistimine's w/
Decongestant's
-Caffiene Increases Restlessness
& Insomnia
-No Grapefruit
-Dont use decongestant if you are
diabetic
-Cant take if you have High Blood
Pressure
29. Atypical
Antipsychotic's
-Increased Mortality (suicide) in
elderly
-Sudden diabetes
-Increased Blood Sugar
-Monitor Complete Blood Count
-Cant take in dementia patient's
30. B-Complex Vitamin's -Water Soluable Vitamin
-Takes what you need and
excreets the rest through
urination and sweating
-Major facial Redness/flushing-
you feel hot
-Take at night to avoid nocturia
-Take with aspirin
31. Benzodiazepine's -C-IV
-Lots of drowsiness
(ex) Restoril
-Hangover Effect (drowsiness
when you wake up)
32. Beta Blocker's -Cant take w/decongestant
33. Birth
Control/Contraceptive's
-Patient's taking med's
containing Hormone's must be
given a P.P.I. (Patient Package
Insert)
-May cause blood clots in women
-Dont smoke-increases risk of
heart attack, blood clots & stroke
-Fe=Iron
-Lo=Low Dose
-Triphasic-3 phases or stages
-Multiphasic-Many phases or
stages
-Monophasic-1 phase or stage
-Oral/Vaginal/Transdermal
34. Broncho
Dialator's
(without steroids)
-CNS Stimulation which may result in
nervousness, tremors, anxiety, nausea,
palpitations, tachycardia, arrhythmias
(with steroids)
-Rinse mouth after use
(ex) Pulmicort Respules
-Rinse mouth after use
-Suspension-Shake Well before use
-Nebulizer-liquid inhalation
-Maintenance Med.
-inhalors/nebs
-MDI/DPI
-Branded Generics
-liquid
-Rescue/Maintenance
-Used for COPD & Asthma
35. C-II Endocet
Methadose
Duragesic
Adderall
Concerta
Demerol
Oxycontin
Percocet
36. C-III Tylenol w/codeine
Vicodin
Tussionex
Androgel
37. C-IV All Benzodiazepine's
phenobarbital
Adipex
Lunesta
Restoril
Soma
Darvocet
Klonopin
Valium
Ativan
Xanax
Ambien
38. C-V Lyrica
Phenergan w/codeine
39. C.N.S.
Stimulant's
(Central
Nervous
System)
-Controlled Substances
-Habit Forming
40. Calcium
Channel
Blocker's
(ex) Cardizem/diltiazem
-Must be stored in a light resistant container
41. Cardiac Glycoside's (ex) Lanoxin & Digitek
-Digitek is the branded
generic for Lanoxin
-Digibind=binding
antidote-binds the
digoxin out of the body
42. Cephalosporin's -Take on an empty
stomach with water
-Avoid soda's and juice's
(ex) Keflex
-If allergic to penicillin
theres a 5% chance youre
allergic to
cephalosporin's
43. Cytoprotective/Prostaglandin's -Cardiovascular Risks
-GI Issues
-Dont take if pregnant
-May cause miscarriage
-Pregnancy Category X
44. Decongestant's -Cant take if you have
High Blood Pressure
-Cant take with Beta
Blockers
-Dont use decongestant if
you are diabetic
45. Dementia with Alzheimer's (ex) Aricept
-Take at bedtime
-Causes drowsiness
-Increases Patient
Compliance
46. Diuretic's -"water pill"
-Frequent Urination
-Take in the AM to avoid
Nocturia (frequent
urination during sleep in
the PM)
47. Erectile Dysfunction -Do not take with
Nitrates!
48. Expectorant's &
Decongestant's
(ex) Guiafenex PSE
-Dont use decongestant if
you are diabetic or have
high blood pressure
(hypertension)
49. FluoroQuinolone's (ex) Zymar
-Cant take if allergic to
quinalone's
(all)
-Antacid's interfere with
absorption
-Phototoxicity
50. Genital Warts/Skin
Cancer
(ex) Aldara
-Actinic Keratoses
-Basal Cell Carcinoma
-Genital Warts
-Topical
-Immune Response Modifier on
skin
51. H2 Blocker's -Avoid acidic food/drinks
52. Hormone Replacement's -Testosterone
-Thyroid (Desicated/Synthetic)
-Menopause(Estrogen/Combo)
53. Laxative's (ex) Trilyte
-for bowel prep
54. Lipid-Regulating
Fibrate's
-Liver Function Tests
-Lowers triglycerides in the liver
55. Local Anestetic's (ex) Lidoderm
-Transdermal patch for skin
-Dont put on open/broken skin
56. Low Molecular Weight
Heparin's
-Blood Thinner
57. Macrolide's (ex) Biaxin
-Leaves a metallic taste in
mouth
-Oral for infections
-GI upset
-Take with food
58. Muscle Relaxant's -Lot's of drowsiness/Sedation
59. N.S.A.I.D.'S
(Non Steroidal Anti
Inflammatory Drug's)
-Cardiovascular Risks
-G.I. Issues (Gastrointestinal)
-Dont take with aspirin
-Dont take if allergic to aspirin
-Take with food/milk
60. Narcotic Analgesic -(ex) Duragesic
-Transdermal Patch for skin-
apply every 3 days
-May cause serious/life
threatening breathing problems
-C-II
-Can be habit forming/High
potential for abuse
61. Non-Controlled
Substance
(for ADHD)
(ex) Strattera
-Not a controlled substance
62. Opthalmic -for the eyes
63. Osteoporosis
(bones are thin & weak)
-Increased risk of breaking
thigh bone
-Must take as soon as you get
out of bed in the AM & before
you eat/drink, swallow with
atleast 8oz. of water, Dont
take any other med's or lay
down for atleast 30 min's
after taking-WILL BURN
HOLE IN YOUR
ESOPHAGOUS!
64. Over Active Bladder -Dont use if you have
Glaucoma
-Heat Stroke
65. P.P.I.'s
(Proton Pump Inhibitor)
-May be more likely to
fracture bones
-Decreases calcium
-Decreases acid made by the
stomach (blocks acid)
66. Parkinson's Disease -lowers dopamine levels in
patients with Parkinson's
Disease
(ex) Mirapex
-Sexual Urges
(ex) Requip
-Increases OCD tendencies
-Makes you want to gamble
-Used for RLS(restless leg
syndrome)
(ex) Sinemet
-Has a wearing off effect
-Excretions are a reddish tint
-Used for tremors
67. Penicillin's -Take on an empty stomch
with water
-Avoid soda's and juice's
68. Potassium Sparing
Diuretic's
-Don't take with ACE
Inhibitor's
-HyperKalemia
-Arrhythmia's
69. Prostaglandin's/Prostanoid
Antagonist
(ex) Xalatan, Travatan
-Turn's blue eyes brown
-Makes eye lashes grow
70. Protease Inhibitor's -Increases statin level's
which can cause Myopathy
(muscle injury) which can
cause damage to kidney's
71. Retinoid/Anti-Acne (ex) Differen
-Avoid Sunlight
-Should be at least 12 yrs old
72. S.S.N.R.I.'s
(Selective Seratonin NON-
ReUptake Inhibitor's)
-Monitor closely for
worsening depression and
suicide
73. S.S.R.I.'s
(Selective
Seratonin
ReUptake
Inhibitor's)
-May cause you to become suicidal
74. Sedative
Hypnotic's
-Lots of drowsiness
-Knocks you out
-Controlled Substance
75. Smoking Cessation
Acid's
-Eliminates smoking sensation
-watch for changes in behavior
-non-nicotine
76. Supplement's -Fat Soluable Vitamins
-Fluoride
-Multi-Vitamin for Pre/Post Natal
-Potassium
77. Testosterone
Replacement's
-Keep away from children, pregnant
women/women
78. Tetracycline's -GI upset
-Photosensitivity to sunlight
79. Thyroid
Replacement's
-Dont take with amphetamine's
-Risk of serious/life threatening
toxicity esp. when taken with
amphetamine's
-Dont use for weight loss
Dont use for obesity in patients with
normal thyroid function
-Desicated or Synthetic
80. Topical -for the skin
81. Tricyclic
Antidepressant's
-Worsening depression/suicide
-Cardiotoxic in high doses
82. Ulcerative Colitis
(bowel
disease)(Crohn's
Disease)
...(ex) Asacol
-Anti-Inflammatory Agent-relieves
inflamed colon
-Oral or Rectal
-Suppositories/Enemas
-Cant take if allergic to sulfa
83. Urinary Analgesic -Discoloration of urine, sweat & tear's
84. Vasodialator/Anti-
Anginal
-Relaxes blood vessels so heart doesnt
work as hard and doesnt need as much
oxygen
85. Vitamin A Retinol
-Retinal Function and Bone Growth
86. Vitamin B1 Thiamine
-Carbohydrate Metabolism
87. Vitamin B2 Riboflavin
-Tissue Respiration
88. Vitamin B3 Niacin
-Lipid Metabolism
89. Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine
-Amino Acid Metabolism
90. Vitamin B9 Folic Acid
-Red Blood Cell Formation
91. Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin
-Red Blood Cell Formation
92. Vitamin C Ascorbic Acid
-Collagen Formation, Tissue Repair
93. Vitamin D2 Ergocalciferol
-Absorption and use of calcium and phosphate
94. Vitamin D3 Cholecalciferol
-Absorption and use of calcium and phosphate
95. Vitamin E Antioxidant
96. Vitamin K1 Phytonadione
-Blood Clotting
97. Vitamin K3 Menadione
-Blood Clotting