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Srinivasan Engineering College, Perambalur

Odd Semester 2012 2013


Course Handout
Date: 20.06.2013

Course No. : AE 2301 3 0 0 3
Course itle : !"#$H %&N'(#CS
Course #nstru)tor : G.Muralidharan
#nstru)tor*in*)+arge : G.Muralidharan

S)o,e and Ob-e)tive o. t+e Course:
This course will introduce the basic forces acting on the aircraft and their relevance to statics and
dynamics of aircraft. The initial part of the course will deal with the static force and moment balance on
the aircraft that leads to static stability concepts, the location of centre of gravity and the necessity for
control surfaces for the aircraft. The second part of the course will deal with the dynamics of the aircraft
under the influence of aerodynamic forces and moments. The mathematical modeling of the aircraft, its
transfer functions and aerodynamic stability derivatives are discussed. Stability augmentation and
autopilots along with Handling Qualities of the aircraft as specifications for control design will be
discussed. The effects of gust and practical implementation of control systems in aircraft will also be
introduced.
e/t boo01s2 345
1. Perkins, .!., and Hage, ".#., $%irplane Performance stability and ontrol&, 'ohn (iley ) Son*,
+nc, ,ew -ork.
6e.eren)es 3645
1. #tkin, .., $!ynamics of /light Stability and ontrol&, #dn. 0, 'ohn (iley, ,ew -ork,
1120.
0. ,elson, ".. $/light Stability and %utomatic ontrol&, 3c4raw5Hill .ook o., 1112..
6. !ommasch, !.7., Shelby, S.S., and onnolly, T./., $%ero plane %ero dynamics&, Third #dition,
+ssac Pitman, 8ondon, 1121
Course Plan 7 S)+edule:
S.No
+ntroduction
"earning ob-e)tives Ref. to Text
Book
No. of
lectures
1
+nternational Standard
%tmosphere
To learn about the properties of air with
respect to altitude variations.
"1 1
2
/orces and moments acting on
a flight vehicle
To learn about /orces and moments
acting on a flight vehicle
"1 1
3
#9uation of motion of a rigid
flight vehicle
To learn about e9uation of motion for
calculating aircraft performance from the
steady level flight.
"1 0
4
!ifferent types of drag 5 !rag
polar of vehicles from low
speed to high speeds :ariation
of thrust, power and S/ with
velocity and altitudes for air
breathing engines and rockets
To learn about various types of drag
affecting aircraft and drag reduction
methods.
"1 1
5
Power available and power
re9uired curves.
To learn about power available and power
re9uired curves for piston engine and ;et
engine aircrafts.
"1 1
8
"ange and endurance To learn about range and endurance for
piston engine aircrafts and ;et engine
aircrafts.
T1 0
/ormat ,o* /30 < +ssue* =1 < "evision* ==
9
limbing and gliding flight
>3a?imum rate of climb and
steepest angle of climb,
minimum rate of sink and
shallowest angle of glide@
To learn about climbing and gliding
performance of the aircraft from the
e9uation of motion.
T1 0
10
Turning performance >Turning
rate turn radius@.
To learn about turning performance of
aircraft.
T1 0
11
.ank angle and load factor 5
8imitations of pull up and push
over
To learn about load factor considerations
and maneuvering limitations.
T1
0
12
:5n diagram and load factor. To learn about velocity and load factor
diagram with respect to maneuvering
conditions.
T1
0
13
Performance of airplane in
level flight 5 3a?imum speed
in level flight onditions for
minimum drag and power
re9uired
To learn about minimum drag and
minimum power re9uired conditions.
T1
0
14
!egree of freedom of rigid
bodies in space 5 Static and
dynamic stability Purpose of
controls in airplanes
5+nherently stable and marginal
stable airplanes Static,
8ongitudinal stability 5 Stick
fi?ed stability
To study about the various degrees of
freedom with respect to flight control and
learn about the difference between stability
and control.
T1
0
15
.asic e9uilibrium e9uation 5
Stability criterion
To learn about the basic stability e9uation.
T1
1
16
#ffects of fuselage and nacelle
5 +nfluence of 4 location
To learn about stability e9uation with wing
contribution and with tail contribution.
T1
0
17
Power effects 5 Stick fi?ed
neutral point
To learn about neural point and power
effects of aircraft.
T1
0
18
Stick free stability5Hinge
moment coefficient 5 Stick free
neutral points Symmetric
maneuvers 5 Stick force
gradients 5 Stick A force per BgB
%erodynamic balancing.
To learn about stick fi?ed and stick free
forces conditions for aircraft.
T1
0
19
!etermination of neutral points
and maneuver points from
flight test
To learn about determination of neutral
points and maneuver points from flight
test.
T1
0
20
.asic e9uilibrium e9uation 5
Stability criterion
To learn basic e9uilibrium e9uation for
Stability criterion.
"1
1
21
#ffects of fuselage and nacelle
5 +nfluence of 4 location
To study the effects of fuselage and nacelle
with respect to 4 location.
"1
0
22
Power effects 5 Stick fi?ed
neutral point
To study about the power effects for the
stability criteria.
"1
1
23
!ihedral effect 5 8ateral
control
To study about lateral dihedral effect.
"1
0
24
oupling between rolling and
yawing moments
To learn about how rolling effect is
possible w.r.t yawing and yaw due to roll.
"0 1
25
%dverse yaw effects 5 %ileron
reversal
To study about aileron reversal w.r.t high
velocity conditions.
"0 1
/ormat ,o* /30 < +ssue* =1 < "evision* ==
26
Static directional stability 5
(eather cocking effect 5
"udder re9uirements
To learn about weather cocking effect and
basic rudder re9uirements for the flight
stability.
"0
1
27
7ne engine inoperative
condition 5 "udder lock
To learn about rudder lock operation and
one engine inoperative condition for the
aircraft.
"0
1
28
!ynamic longitudinal stability*
#9uations of motion
To derive the e9uations of motion for
longitudinal stability condition.
"0
1
29
Stability derivatives 5
haracteristic e9uation of stick
fi?ed case
To learn the stability derivatives from the
e9uation of motion.
"0
1
30
3odes and stability criterion 5
#ffect of freeing5the stick
To learn about 3odes and stability
criterion.
"0
1
31
.rief description of lateral and
directional.
To study about lateral and directional
stability.
"0
1
32
!ynamic stability 5 Spiral,
divergence, !utch roll,
To study unstable conditions of aircraft.
"0
1
33 %uto rotation and spin.
To study unstable conditions of aircraft
"0
1
otal number o. )lasses ,lanned: 89Hrs
Evaluation s)+eme #nternal 'ssessment
EC
No.
Evaluation
Components
Duration Weight Date & Time Venue
1 Cnit Test 1 1.6=hr
6=D
(ill be
announced by
the e?am cell










T
o

b
e

a
n
n
o
u
n
c
e
d

l
a
t
e
r
0 Cnit Test 0 1.6=hr
6 Cnit Test 6 1.6=hr
E 3odel #?am1 6hr
E=D
F 3odel #?am0 6hr
G %ssignment 1=D
H
%ttendance
Percentage
ontinuous 0=D
#. 'ssignment to,i):

##. Part*' :uestion ;it+ ans;er ;ill be issued b< t+e instru)tor on )om,letion o. ea)+ unit.

imings .or )+amber )onsultation: Students should ontat the !ourse "nstrutor in his ha#$er durin% lunh $rea&.
Noti)es: All noties 'ill $e dis(la)ed on the De(art#ent *otie +oard.
HO% #nstru)tor*#n*C+arge #nstru)tor
/ormat ,o* /30 < +ssue* =1 < "evision* ==