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Cuaderno de Ortografa

Nivel: 4
Alumno a: ....................................................................................................

Cuaderno de Ortografa
Educacin Primaria. Nivel: 4
NDICE

Reconocimiento de las palabras agudas, llanas y esdrjulas.


Uso de la b en los verbos acabados en bir.
Uso de la b en las terminaciones verbales aba, abas,
bamos...
Uso de la ll en las palabras acabadas en illo o illa.
Uso de haber / a ver.
Uso de b despus de al- y ar-.
Uso de g en verbos acabados en ger o en gir.
Uso de g al final de slaba.
Uso de g en las palabras que llevan la slaba gen.
Uso de j en las palabras que empiezan o acaban en aje o en
eje.
Uso de los verbos ir y haber.
Uso del punto.
Uso de la coma.
Uso de los dos puntos y la raya.
Uso de la tilde.

Pginas 3 a 8.
Pginas 9 a 14.
Pginas 15 a 20.
Pginas 21 a 25.
Pginas 26 a 30.
Pginas 31 a 36.
Pginas 37 a 41.
Pginas 42 a 46.
Pginas 47 a 51.
Pginas 52 a 56.
Pginas 57 a 62.
Pginas 63 a 68.
Pginas 69 a 75.
Pginas 76 a 82.
Pginas 83 a 87.

Reconocimiento de las palabras agudas, llanas y esdrjulas

TEXTO:
La prxima semana se desarrollar en Crdoba y Mlaga la competicin de
baloncesto. En nuestro equipo destacan Hctor y ngel. Ellos jugarn el mircoles.
Creen que ser fcil ganar. Lo celebraremos el sbado, cuando vuelvan.
ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
palabras que llevan tilde.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y lee ahora slo las palabras que llevan tilde (las que van en
negrita). Despus escrbelas:
4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
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5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Palabras agudas son aquellas en las que la slaba tnica es la ltima.
Ejemplos: reloj, meln, comps, tenedor, caf... Se les pone tilde cuando acaban en
vocal, en n o en s.
Palabras llanas son aquellas en las que la slaba tnica es la penltima.
Ejemplos: ventana, azcar, csped, mochila... Se les pone tilde cuando no acaban en
vocal, ni en n ni en s.
Palabras esdrjulas son aquellas en las que la slaba tnica es la
antepenltima. Ejemplos: mdico, escndalo, telfono, cscara... Se les pone tilde
siempre.
ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Escribe al lado de cada palabra: a, si es aguda; ll, si es llana; e, si es esdrjula; se,
si es sobresdrjula.
Jabal: ......... pared: .......... csped: ........... telfono: ........... taburete:.........
caramelo: .......... rbano: ........... tempestad: ......... balancn: ........... mdico: .........
domingo: ........... rana: .......... sbana: .......... hgado: ........... edad: ........
azcar: ........... estmago: ........... cremallera: .......... oscuridad: ...........
crcel: .......... clculo: ......... cscara: .......... relmpago: ......... betn: ..........
pelcula: .......... rin: ........... ltigo: ........... mquina: ........... ngel: ..........
llave: ........... perfil: ........... alcnzamelo: ............ prstasela: .............

2.- Subraya la slaba tnica de estas palabras:


tmbola - virgen - yogur - detrs - dbil - antiptico - pared playa - ltigo - pgina - maleta - revisor.
CLASIFCALAS:
Agudas: ........................, ........................., ......................... y..........................
Llanas: ........................, ........................., ......................... y..........................
Esdrjulas: ....................., ........................, ........................ y..........................
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3.- Escribe tres frases con las palabras del ejercicio anterior:
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4.- En este texto hay cuatro agudas, cinco llanas y cuatro esdrjulas. Escrbelas.
Estbamos hablando y son el telfono. Era Carlos. Nos dijo que bamos a
jugar al futboln el sbado antes de comer.
Agudas: ........................, ..............................., ............................., .............................
Llanas: ...................., .........................., ..........................., ........................, ...................
Esdrjulas: ........................, ..............................., ............................., .........................,

5.- Escribe tres palabras agudas, tres llanas y tres esdrjulas:


AGUDAS: ................................., ...................................., .......................................
LLANAS: ................................., ......................................, ......................................
ESDRJULAS: ................................, ..................................., .....................................
Elige 5 palabras de las que has escrito anteriormente y construye una frase con
cada una:
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6.- Subraya la slaba tnica de estas palabras, como en el ejemplo.


Algodn, relmpago, lpiz, nariz, espectculo, farol, ventana, bombilla, csped, amor,
msica, codorniz, bolgrafo, palmera, reloj, comps, cocodrilo, hipoptamo, ratn.
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CLASIFCALAS:
Agudas: .................................................................................................................
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Llanas: ..................................................................................................................

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Esdrjulas: ............................................................................................................
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7.- Coloca las tildes a las siguientes frases y cpialas debajo con buena letra y sin
faltas:
Me he olvidado el reloj encima del sillon que hay en el salon.
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A lo mejor voy a ver el sabado una pelicula y un partido de futbol.


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Mientras tu hermano habla por el telefono movil, yo ire con Tomas a la biblioteca.
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Desde aqui se ven los pajaros que estan en el jardin.


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8.- Coloca las tildes a las siguientes frases y cpialas debajo con buena letra y sin
faltas:
Ella bailaba con Andres mientras Jose descansaba tumbado en el cesped.
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Cesar tuvo un accidente con su automovil cerca de Cadiz.


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Ese timido chiquillo cogio ayer un exquisito melocoton.


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El mecanico ha ido hoy al medico porque tena dolor de estomago.


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9.- Coloca las tildes a las siguientes frases y cpialas debajo con buena letra y sin
faltas:
Tomas y Ramon hablaban por el microfono en la biblioteca.
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Es muy facil hacer ese bonito dibujo en la lamina.


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Mi hermano Alvaro leyo ayer en el periodico varias noticias sobre la guerra.


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Las victimas de la inundacion que hubo en Cordoba fueron bastante numerosas.


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Ese hombre va a hacer la instalacion electrica en casa de Jesus.


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El medico vino el sabado para ver a Moises.


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Los pajaros cantaban en el arbol del jardin.


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Mi hermano Tomas se sento en el cesped.


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TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Reconocimiento de las palabras agudas, llanas y esdrjulas

1. Miguel y Andrs escuchaban msica debajo del rbol. El carcter de


tu hermano es muy simptico. El mircoles y el sbado el mdico
visit a mi abuelo. Carlos jugaba en el csped con el baln y el patn.
Ramn me regal un lpiz y un bolgrafo.

2. Jess jugaba con el baln en el jardn. Mi amigo francs viaj en


automvil hasta Mlaga. El guila caz un conejo y se lo llev entre
sus garras. Yo me com un pltano y varias manzanas. El camin
choc contra un obstculo que haba en la carretera.

Uso de la b en los verbos acabados en bir.

TEXTO:
La familia de Sonia era tan solidaria que conceba su casa como el hogar de
todo el mundo. Queran que los amigos que acogan vivieran bien y all no haba
prohibiciones. Eran apreciados por sus vecinos y hasta recibieron un premio del
ayuntamiento de su ciudad.
ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
palabras con letra negrita.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y lee en voz alta varias veces las palabras con negrita. Escrbelas:
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4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:


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5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Se escriben con b las formas de los verbos acabados en bir, menos hervir,
servir y vivir. Ejemplo: escribo, recibieron, prohibi, subimos, escribiste, viva,
hierve, servimos.

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Une y escribe las frases que resultan.

Escribir es un verbo
Est prohibido subir
He recibido una
Percibo
Hervir, servir y vivir

carta
se escriben con v.
que acaba en bir.
a las farolas.
un delicioso olor.

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APRENDE:
Se escriben con b las formas de los verbos acabados en bir, menos hervir, servir
y vivir. Ejemplo: escribo, recibieron, prohibi, percibe...

2.- Haz lo mismo con los otros verbos. Fjate en el ejemplo:


Escribir
Subir
Recibir
Prohibir
Percibir
Servir
Vivir
Hervir

escribo

escribir

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escriba

3.- Escribe una frase con cada verbo:


hervir

servir

vivir

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4.- Completa con b o con v estas oraciones. Cpialas debajo sin faltas:
Ayer reci _ imos la postal que escri _ iste en Sanlcar.
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Mi madre puso la cazuela a her _ ir a fuego lento.


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El cuchillo de sierra no sir_e para cortar jamn.


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Esta seal de trfico prohi _e dejar aqu el coche.


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5.- Completa estas frases con una forma del verbo que est al principio. Copia debajo
la frase sin faltas y con buena letra:
Describir.

Mi amigo ______________ su habitacin.

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Sucumbir

Todos los defensores __________________ en la batalla.

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Concebir

Entonces el general _______________ un plan formidable.

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Exhibir

La maniqu _______________ los modelos nuevos de vestidos.

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Hervir

El agua est _______________ desde hace un buen rato.

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Servir

Eso no _____________ para nada.

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Vivir

El ao prximo ________________ en Madrid.

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6.- Forma familias de palabras:


concebible - exhibicin - hervidero - inservible - vivienda - vveres - hervorexhibicionista - inconcebible - revivir - convivir - superviviente servidor - servicio - exhibicionismo - vivero - vividor - viva!
concebir: ...................................., ..........................................
hervir: .........................................., ...............................................
servir: ................................, .........................................., ......................................
exhibir: .................................., ......................................., .....................................
vivir: ................................, ...................................., ...........................................,
.........................., ........................., ........................., ........................, ........................
7.- Escribe la regla ortogrfica que estamos estudiando.
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8.- Completa con b o con v y copia debajo sin faltas:


Mi hermano reci...i un premio por haber ganado la carrera.
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Ellas escri...ieron unas bonitas poesas a sus novios.


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Mis primos ...i...en en un precioso barrio.


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Mi abuela hier...e la leche para tomar el desayuno.


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Desde aqu se perci...e un olor muy agradable.


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El camarero ha ser...ido las bebidas a los invitados.


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9.- Escribe una frase con cada palabra:


recibi
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escribimos
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subieron
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han prohibido
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hierve
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vivimos
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sirve
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escribieron
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TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de la b en los verbos acabados en bir.

2.- Ayer recibimos la carta que nos escribiste. En ella describes tu nueva
vida: servicio de noche en la cafetera, subir las cenas a los clientes y una
habitacin en el propio hotel para vivir. Nos alegramos de que la
convivencia con tus compaeros sea buena. Esperamos que vuelvas
pronto. Te recibiremos como mereces. Un beso.

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Uso de la b en las terminaciones verbales aba, -abas, -bamos...

TEXTO:
Qu tiempos aquellos en que su amigo el farolero vena cada maana y le
lavaba la cara y le cepillaba el sombrero! Apoyaba su escalerita en el pecho de
Luciano, trepaba por ella como un artista de circo, colgaba su cubo de un gancho, en
el ltimo peldao, y despus de enjabonarle bien y de ducharle exprimiendo la
esponja, le secaba con un trapo blanco, tan blanco y tan suave que pareca una toalla.
ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
formas verbales escritas con negrita. En qu acaban? ..........................................
Con qu se escriben: con b o con v? ..........................
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y lee solamente las formas verbales en aba, -abas...
Escrbelas: .......................................................................................................................
4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
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5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Se escriben con b las formas de los verbos acabadas en aba, -abas, -bamos,
-abais, -aban. Ejemplos: miraba, cantabas, estudibamos, mirabais, estaban...

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Completa como en el ejemplo:
lavaba
revisaba
cepillaba
levantaba
trepaba
marchaba
colgaba
sacaba
secaba
curaba

lavar

ELIGE 5 formas verbales acabadas en aba y escribe una frase con cada una:
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2.- Escribe como en el ejemplo:


lavar

cepillar

trepar

secar

Yo

lavaba

...........................

.........................

.......................

Nosotros

lavbamos ............................

.......................... ........................

Ellos

lavaban

......................... ........................

............................
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ELIGE 5 formas verbales anteriores y escribe una frase con cada una:
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3.- Completa el siguiente cuadro siguiendo el ejemplo:

saltar

saltaba

saltbamos

saltaban

saltabais

jugar
merendar
COMPLETA las siguientes frases con formas verbales de la tabla y cpialas debajo:
Mientras yo......................... ellas........................... a la comba.
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Por la tarde nosotros................................... leche, pan y chocolate.


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Vosotros.............................. la valla todos los das.


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Ellos........................... al ftbol con sus amigos.


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4.- Escribe las formas en aba y bamos de estos verbos:


asomar - ........................................ - ..............................................
mojar - ........................................ - ..............................................
dibujar - ........................................ - ..............................................
patinar - ........................................ - ..............................................
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Construye 4 frases, una con cada verbo anterior:


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5.- Completa
Se escriben con ...... las terminaciones verbales ......................, .....................,
................................., ....................................., .................................

6.- Escribe una frase con cada una de las siguientes palabras: imaginaba, saltaban,
ganabais, dibujaba, cantabas, estudibamos y lavaba:
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7.- Ordena las palabras y escribe frases:


hermano lloraba Tu porque de bicicleta la se cay
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estudiabais bastante Vosotros para examen aprobar el


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limpiaba yo Mientras zapatos los ellos en el sof descansaban


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con compaeros los Nosotros hablbamos en calle la


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llegaba yo Cuando a plaza ellos marchaban se ya


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8.- Completa la tabla:

Cantar
Comprar
Estudiar
Llorar
Buscar
Chillar
Hablar
Ayudar

-aba
cantaba

-abas
cantabas

-bamos
cantbamos

-abais
cantabais

-aban
cantaban

Elige 5 formas verbales y escribe una frase con cada una:


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TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de la b en las terminaciones verbales aba, -abas, -bamos...

1.- Juan estaba pensando qu poda haber de interesante en un gato


que ni siquiera cazaba. El gato le miraba fijamente, y Juan le
pregunt:
- A ver, qu sabes hacer?
Pero Juan se qued asombrado cuando oy que el gato le contestaba.

2.- Qu tiempos aquellos! Nunca se marchaba el farolero sin pasarle


una gamuza por el cuerpo y si notaba un desconchado en su pintura,
al da siguiente, ya se saba: sacaba del bolsillo un botecito y le
curaba la herida con unos toques de algo que poda ser yodo, porque
era de color marrn.

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Uso de la ll en las palabras acabadas en illo, -illa.

TEXTO:
Mi madre meti mi jersey amarillo en el lavavajillas. En el cuerpo humano
tenemos tobillos, mejillas y costillas. Me sali una espinilla en la barbilla. Mi padre
tiene en el bolsillo dos tornillos y una bombilla.
ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
palabras acabadas en illo o en illa.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y lee slo las palabras negritas. Escrbelas: ...................................
.........................................................................................................................................
4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
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5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Se escriben con ll las palabras acabadas en illo o en illa. Ejemplos: castillo,
martillo, puntilla, silla...

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Completa las letras de los cuadros y las palabras de las frases.
C

Ese................. lo hicieron los moros.

C
S
C

L
E

M
Q

S
L
A

Me gusta la...................... de patatas.


Yo he pelado esta naranja con el
............................
El labrador ha sembrado ahora las
.................................s.
Es un......................... muy simptico.

Me he roto una..................................
El albail ha construido un muro
grande con................................s.
La................................ sube al rbol.

Lleva un........................... en el dedo.

Sintate en la............................

2.- Construye frases con las palabras:


Chiquillo y flequillo:
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Tortilla y cuchillo:
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Puntilla y silla:
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Brillo y anillo:
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3.- Completa las palabras y las frases. Copia las frases completas:
asti__a,
peladi__a,
bocadi__o.

Sevi__a, ladri__o, semi__a, dobladi__o, ardi__a,

En Sevi __ a he visto una ardi __ a en el parque de Mara Luisa.


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Las nati __as tienen un bonito color amari __ o.


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Me he sentado en la si __ a y me he comido una costi __a de cerdo.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Mi madre me ha preparado un bocadi__o de chorizo y otro de salchichn.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4.- Completa las frases con las palabras del recuadro:


Muelo caf en el _________________.
manzanilla
molinillo
cuchilla
colmillo
manecilla

Mi padre usa ________________ de afeitar.


Me duele un ________________.
Tomo una taza de __________________.
Se le ha cado una ________________ al reloj.

5.- Completa con -illa o -illo segn corresponda.


boqu___
nov___
per___
espin___

coron___
mant___
carr___
pest___

barqu___
tres___
horqu___
horn___

6.- Escribe tres oraciones utilizando las palabras del ejercicio anterior:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

23

7.- Escribe el diminutivo correspondiente acabado en illo o illa:


libro

...................................

mesa

..................................

tabla

................................

gato

..................................

lpiz

.................................

ventana

..............................

maleta

..............................

bodega

................................

conejo

...............................

pastel

................................

8..- Completa las frases con palabras del ejercicio anterior


Encima de la.............................. he dejado el libro que estaba leyendo.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Me gusta acariciar el................................ que tiene mi vecina.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Mi hermano se ha comido un................................. que compr ayer mi madre.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

La coneja estaba cerca del bosque con un........................................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

9.- Busca y escribe:


Cinco palabras acabadas en illo:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Cinco palabras acabadas en illa:


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

10.- Escribe cuatro frases con ellas:


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

24

TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de la ll en las palabras acabadas en illo o illa.

1.El chiquillo quera pasar a la otra orilla, pero su amigo le puso una
zancadilla. Se hizo dao en la pantorrilla y en el tobillo. Tambin se
lesion la rodilla y no pudo pasar a la otra orilla donde se encontraba el
castillo de la bruja Doa Horquilla. Hizo una visita al mdico y le mand
unas pastillas.

2.El chiquillo se ha sentado en una silla porque estaba muy cansado.


Mi hermano ha clavado varias puntillas con el martillo. Mi madre ha
partido el bollo con un cuchillo y me ha hecho un bocadillo. Hace bastante
viento y he cerrado el pestillo de la ventana. Yo le he regalado un bonito
anillo a mi novia.

25

Distincin entre haber y a ver

TEXTO:
Esta tarde vamos a ver el partido. Tenan que haber trado el baln. A ver si lo
trae Juan. Debe de haber gente all. Vamos a ver si gana nuestro equipo. Te han
castigado por haber saltado la valla. Vamos a ver si no lo haces ms.

ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
palabras escritas en negrita.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y di cmo se escribe:
A ver: ....................................................................................................................
Haber: ...................................................................................................................
4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

26

5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


El verbo haber, y todas sus formas verbales, se escribe con h y con b: hubo,
haba, habremos...
A ver es una expresin formada por la preposicin a y el verbo ver, que se
escribe con v.

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Completa las siguientes frases con haber o a ver
Gracias por ___________ venido.
__________ cundo vuelves.
__________ cuntos sois.
Debe de __________ mucha gente.
_________ si miras dnde pisas!
A esa hora no suele ____________ trfico
Espera, _________ si llega tu hermano y nos vamos.
Quiero ir __________ esa pelcula.
Tenas que ___________ llamado antes de venir.
No se cuntos libros puede___________ en esa biblioteca.
Vamos __________ cuntos cromos tienes.
2.- Escribe tres frases con a ver:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

27

3.- Completa estas oraciones con haber o a ver. Cpialas debajo sin faltas:
Voy _____________ el escaparate porque quiero comprarme un reloj nuevo.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ya tena que ____________ venido de Sevilla tu primo Miguel.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

___________ qu hora es ? Ya tendras que ______________ acabado.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Debas ____________ tenido cuidado y no te hubieras manchado el vestido!


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4.- Haz tres frases con haber:


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5.- Completa con haber o a ver:


Habis ido _________ esa pelcula? Es preciosa.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Voy ________ cuntos nios puede ________ ah fuera.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Tienes que _____________ hecho tus maletas antes de las nueve.


Vamos__________ cmo las haces. Espero que las hagas bien.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Hay charcos en la calle. Debe de ____________ llovido mucho esta noche.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

28

____________ si no os mojis los pies, nios.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Queremos ir pronto __________ el circo. Debe de _________ mucha gente.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Juan tena que _________ llamado ya. Voy _________ si ha dejado algn
recado para nosotros.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6.- Tacha lo que no sea correcto y copia la frase completa:


Te han castigado por

haber / a ver saltado la valla.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Pronto iremos haber / a ver a nuestros abuelos.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Hoy comienzan las vacaciones y debe de


en la carretera.

haber / a ver

muchos vehculos

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Guillermo y yo vamos haber / a ver una obra de teatro.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Voy haber / a ver si Nieves ha hecho los deberes.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Tendras que haber / a ver estudiado ms para aprobar el examen.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

29

TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de haber / a ver.

1. A ver si entre todos buscamos la caja. Al haber tanta gente,


no pude encontrarlo. Voy a ver cuntos cromos me faltan.
Crea haber acabado, pero no es as. Hoy vamos a ver la
pelcula de la televisin. Tiene que haber bastante ruido en el
taller de automviles.

2. Le han dado un trofeo por haber ganado la carrera. Voy a ver


si mis compaeros quieren venir conmigo a la excursin. A
ver si hoy ganamos el partido de ftbol! Hace bastante calor
y debe de haber mucha gente en la playa. Queris venir
vosotros a ver la procesin el prximo jueves?

30

Uso de b despus de al- y ar-

TEXTO:
El amanecer tambin se llama alba.
Los nacidos en Albacete son albaceteos.
La albahaca es una planta muy olorosa.
El rbitro expuls a varios jugadores.
Una arboleda es un lugar con muchos rboles.
ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1) Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
palabras que se escriben con b.
2) Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3) Observa el texto y lee varias veces en voz alta, alternativamente con otros
compaeros, las palabras que llevan letra negrita. Copia dichas palabras a
continuacin: ..........................., ...................................., ..................................,
....................................., ......................................., ............................................ y
.................................................
Con qu se escriben: con b o con v? .........................................
4) Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

31

5) RECUERDA Y APRENDE:
Se escribe b despus de al- y de ar-. Ejemplos: albail y arbusto.
No cumplen esta regla las palabras alvolo y lvaro, que se escriben con v.

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Observa el texto y rodea las palabras que llevan b despus de al- o de ar-:

El albail ya ha acabado la obra.


Me he comido un albaricoque y he sembrado el hueso en el jardn.
Mi abuela hace unas albndigas exquisitas.
El rbol tiene abundantes hojas.
Un arbusto es una planta ms pequea que un rbol.

ESCRIBE las palabras que has rodeado:


......................., .............................., .............................., .................... y ........................
COPIA sin faltas y con buena letra el texto de arriba:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.- Escribe la regla de Ortografa que estamos estudiando:


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.- Lee en voz alta estas palabras y cpialas dos veces cada una:
albail albans albatros albergue
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

32

albino

albndiga

alborada

albornoz

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

rbitro arbusto arboleda arbitrar


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

COMPLETA: Se escribe b despus de las slabas ........... y ........... Ejemplos:


............................................. y..........................................
4.- Ordena las palabras y escribe frases:
Albacete En fabrican se navajas
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

he llenado Ya lbum un con fotos las


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

montaeros se refugiaron Los en albergue un


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ha derribado rayo Un rbol aquel


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

rbitro equivoc se El varias veces


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5.- Escribe tres familias de palabras:


rbol alboroto rbitro arbitrario arboleda alborotador
arbitrar alborotar - arbolado
rbol, .................................., ........................................
Alboroto, ........................................., ..........................................
rbitro, ......................................., ...............................................
6.- Elige 5 palabras del ejercicio anterior y construye una frase con cada una:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

33

7.- Busca y escribe el significado de las siguientes palabras:


alberca albatros albino arborcola arboleda
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

COMPLETA las frases con las palabras anteriores y cpialas debajo con buena letra
y sin faltas:
El................................... es un ave de plumaje blanco.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ese chiquillo tiene la piel muy blanca. Es.............................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Los animales.................................. son los que viven en los rboles.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

El agricultor ha construido una................................ para regar.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Junto al ro hay una gran......................................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

34

8.- Completa las frases con las palabras del recuadro y cpialas debajo:
lbum alba albaceteos arbusto rbitro
El.................................. ha pitado un penalti a favor del Valencia.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

La primera luz del da se llama.................................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Los que han nacido en Albacete se llaman.........................................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

He rellenado un................................ con los cromos de futbolistas.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

La vid es un............................. que se cultiva en nuestro pueblo.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

9.- Busca y escribe:


Cinco palabras que comiencen por ar-:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Cinco palabras que empiecen por al-:


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ELIGE cuatro de ellas y haz una frase con cada una:


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

35

TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de b despus de al- y ar-

1.-

2.-

Hubo una tormenta de nieve y los montaeros se refugiaron en el


albergue.
A Nieves y a lvaro les gustan las albndigas.
Mi vecino Alberto hizo durante el verano un viaje muy bonito a
Albacete.
El hombre joven se ha puesto el albornoz despus del bao.

Durante la excursin hicimos un pequeo descanso en aquella


arboleda.
Al lado de la alberca el agricultor ha sembrado albahaca.
Haba un gran alboroto en la clase cuando lleg el profesor.
Varios albatros volaban a gran velocidad cerca de la playa.

36

Uso de g en los verbos acabados en ger o en gir.

TEXTO:
El submarino se sumergi bajo las aguas.
Los futbolistas eligieron al capitn del equipo.
El joven coge flores para su novia.
La abuela teje un jersey para su nieto.
Al pisarlo con fuerza, cruji el escaln de madera.
ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en los
verbos que llevan g o j.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y lee solamente las palabras que llevan letra negrita. Escrbelas:
.................................., ..................................., ....................................,
.................................. y.................................
4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

37

5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Se escriben con g las formas de los verbos cuyo infinitivo acaba en ger o en
gir. Ejemplos: cogemos, dirige, recogieron...
No cumplen esta regla las formas de los verbos tejer y crujir, que se escriben
con j.

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Escribe dos veces cada verbo con buena letra y sin faltas:
recoger encoger proteger escoger acoger
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

dirigir elegir exigir rugir sumergir


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

coger surgir mugir tejer crujir


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.- Escribe la regla de Ortografa que estamos estudiando y las frases que van debajo
de los dibujos:
REGLA DE ORTOGRAFA:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

FRASES:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

38

3.- Escribe tres formas verbales con cada verbo del ejercicio 1:
Recoger .................................... recoges, recogimos, recogeremos.
Encoger .................................... ___________________________________________
Proteger ................................... ___________________________________________
Escoger .................................... ___________________________________________
Acoger .................................... ___________________________________________
Dirigir .................................... ___________________________________________
Elegir....................................... ___________________________________________
Exigir....................................... ___________________________________________
Rugir........................................ ___________________________________________
Sumergir .................................____________________________________________
Coger ...................................... ___________________________________________
Surgir ...................................... ___________________________________________
Mugir ...................................... ___________________________________________
Tejer .......................................____________________________________________
Crujir ...................................... ____________________________________________
4.- Elige 6 formas verbales del ejercicio anterior y haz una frase con cada una:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5.- Completa los verbos de cada frase con g o con j. Vuelve a escribirlas debajo:
El agricultor reco...e la cosecha en verano.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

La gallina prote...a a sus polluelos.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Tus compaeros esco...ieron varios lpices para hacer el dibujo.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

La mujer te...e un abrigo para el invierno.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Las tablas cru...an cuando se pisaban.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

39

COMPLETA: Se escriben con g las formas de los verbos acabados en .......... o en


............., menos .................................... y .................................

6.- ATENCIN!: Algunas formas verbales de los verbos acabados en ger o en


gir, slo se pueden escribir con j. Ejemplos:
Recoger: recojo, recoja, recojamos, recojan...
Elegir: elijo, elija, elijas, elijis...
COMPLETA con formas verbales que haya que escribir con j, como en los ejemplos:
Escoger: ................................................................................................................
Dirigir: ..................................................................................................................
Proteger: ...............................................................................................................
Exigir: ...................................................................................................................

7.- Completa las frases y vuelve a escribirlas debajo:


mugan encogieron escogimos dirige teje crujan
Los vestidos........................................ despus de lavarlos.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Las vacas............................. en el prado.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Nosotros................................. bonitos libros en la librera.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

El polica............................ la circulacin en la avenida.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

La tejedora.......................... un bonito jersey.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Las sillas.................................. al subirnos encima.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

40

8.- Forma familias de palabras:


acogedor elegido fingimiento crujido tejedor acogida reelegir fingido
crujidera tejido acogimiento

Acoger, ..............................., ...................................., .....................................


Elegir, .................................., ....................................
Fingir, .................................., ....................................
Crujir, .................................., ....................................
Tejer, ...................................., ...................................

Busca en el diccionario las palabras que no entiendas.

TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de g en verbos acabados en ger o en gir.


1.-

2.-

El hombre exigi al vendedor que le devolviera su dinero.


En primavera se eligi un nuevo alcalde para el pueblo.
Esa familia ha acogido a un nio hurfano.
La madera cruja cuando los nios daban saltos sobre ella.
Ese vestido que ha comprado mi madre tiene un tejido muy suave.

El chiquillo se dirigi hacia el bosque para dar una vuelta en


bicicleta.
Hay bastantes animales protegidos para evitar que desaparezcan.
Mi hermano fingi ayer que se hallaba enfermo para no venir al
colegio.
Mi abuela me ha tejido un precioso abrigo de lana para el invierno.
Hoy he desayunado una tostada de pan crujiente con mantequilla.

41

Uso de g al final de slaba.

TEXTO:
Mi amigo Ignacio vive en Sevilla.
El doctor vive en un magnfico chalet.
Ella ha conseguido aprobar todas las asignaturas.
Estaba indignado por la mala comida del restaurante.
Miguel ha recibido de regalo un precioso reloj.
ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
palabras que llevan letra negrita.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y lee ahora en voz alta, junto con otros compaeros, las palabras
con letra negrita. Escrbelas:
........................., ..........................., ............................., ........................... y ...................
4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

42

5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


En el final de las slaba se escribe g y no j. Ejemplos: signo, pigmeo,
asignatura. No cumplen esta regla las palabras reloj y boj (una clase de madera).

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Completa las frases siguientes con las palabras del recuadro y cpialas debajo.
Busca en el diccionario las palabras que no entiendas:
magnfico signo insignificante pigmeo
Se ha gastado hoy una cantidad.......................................... de dinero.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

A las operaciones del problema debes ponerle los.................................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

El automvil que ha comprado Ignacio es.........................................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Los...................................... son de estatura muy baja y viven en frica.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.- Busca en el diccionario y escribe el significado de las siguientes palabras:


enigma insigne magnolia ignorante
Ese hombre es un mdico................................. al que todos quieren ver.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Cree que lo sabe todo, pero en realidad es un......................................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Nadie sabe lo que ocurri aquel invierno en el castillo; sigue siendo todava un
....................................
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

La...................................... es una flor blanca y grande.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

43

3.- Escribe dos veces cada palabra sin faltas:


insignia asignatura magnetfono magdalena.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

pigmeo significado pigmento signo


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ignorar maligno indignado reloj


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4.- Escribe la regla de Ortografa que estamos estudiando y las frases que van al
comienzo de la ficha:
REGLA:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

FRASES:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5.- Clasifica en familias de palabras:


ignorar indignar ignorante indignacin indigno
ignorancia ignorado indignado
Ignorar, ............................., .................................. y ....................................
Indignar, ................................., .................................. y ..............................
ELIGE 3 palabras anteriores y haz una frase con cada una:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

44

6.- Ordena las palabras y construye frases:


hombre lleva Ese una de su equipo insignia
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

he desayunado hoy Yo un leche vaso de magdalenas con


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

reloj de abuelo mi El marca hora la exacta


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

grabado he Yo sevillanas las en magnetfono el


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7.- Une con flechas y escribe las frases que resultan:


El profesor que tengo
El reloj del Ayuntamiento
Mi abuela ha cocinado
Las hormigas del jardn

un magnfico potaje de habichuelas.


tienen un tamao insignificante.
es muy benigno.
marca la hora exacta.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

8.- Completa las frases y cpialas debajo:


significado designado

maligno indignado

A ese anciano le han empujado y el hombre se ha.....................................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

He buscado en el diccionario el.................................. de esa palabra.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Mi vecino tiene muy mala intencin; es un hombre.........................................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

A mi profesora la han..................................... directora del colegio.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

45

TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de g al final de slaba

1.-

2.-

Tu hermano Ignacio se ha comprado un bonito reloj en la joyera.


Nieves y Magdalena vieron en frica una tribu de pigmeos.
Ese hombre es un cientfico insigne que trabaja en la Universidad.
Se me ha olvidado poner los signos a las operaciones del problema.

La asignatura que he aprobado era la ms difcil.


El televisor que han comprado hoy mis vecinos es magnfico.
Mi abuelo tiene un carcter benigno y slo quiere hacer favores a los
dems.
Los vecinos se han indignado con el Ayuntamiento porque han
cortado el agua.

46

Uso de g en las palabras con la slaba gen.

TEXTO:
En la calle haba ayer bastante gente.
La patrona del pueblo es la Virgen de las Nieves.
El mdico anot en su agenda las visitas que deba hacer.
Al escribir he dejado un margen a la izquierda de la pgina.
El sargento ha enviado una carta urgente.
ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
palabras que llevan la slaba gen.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y lee en voz alta las slo las palabras que llevan la slaba gen.
Escrbelas a continuacin:
........................, ........................, ........................., .......................... y............................
4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

47

5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Se escriben con g las palabras que llevan la slaba gen. Ejemplos: gente,
origen, sargento...
No cumplen esta regla las palabras ajenjo y jengibre, que se escriben con j.
Tampoco la cumplen las formas verbales tejen y crujen.

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Copia dos veces cada palabra con buena letra y sin faltas:
agenda sargento Virgen agente gentil
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

margen gendarme gento origen agencia


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

BUSCA en el diccionario las palabras anteriores que no entiendas.


COMPLETA: Las palabras anteriores se escriben con ..... porque llevan la slaba .......

2.- Elige 5 palabras del ejercicio anterior y construye una frase con cada una:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.- Copia la regla de Ortografa que estamos estudiando y las dos frases del comienzo
de la ficha:
REGLA:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

48

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

FRASES:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4.- Observa las palabras del recuadro. Busca en el diccionario las que no entiendas.
Completa las frases y cpialas debajo:
aborigen agencia gentil indigente vigente
Se dice que est............................. a lo que todava vale o se usa.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Es una persona...............................: no tiene ni para comer.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

A una persona amable tambin se le llama.............................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ese.............................. es de una tribu de Australia.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

La pareja de novios quera hacer un viaje al Caribe y se dirigieron a una.....................


de viajes.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5.- Une con flechas y escribe las frases correspondientes:


La recta tangente
Es muy urgente
En el espejo
El sargento

que el mdico lo vea.


toca a la circunferencia.
llev a los soldados al cuartel.
se refleja muy bien tu imagen.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

49

6.- Haz familias de palabras:


gente inteligente agente gentuza inteligencia agencia gento
a) .........................., .............................., ..............................
b) ..................................., ......................................
c) ..................................., ......................................
ELIGE 4 palabras anteriores y escribe una frase con cada una:
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7.- Ordena las palabras y escribe frases:


diligencia era Una coche un de caballos que viajeros llevaba
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

iglesia pueblo del la En hay una imagen Virgen de la muy bonita


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

detuvo agente El a conductores los iban borrachos que en avenida la


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ha llevado ambulancia La ahora a heridos los con urgencia hospital al


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

8.- Escribe las letras que faltan: g o j:


co....en,
vi....ente,

ur....ente,
a....enjo,
mar....en,
indi....ente,
cru....en,
te....en,

....entuza,
a....ente,

ori....en,
Vir....en.

COPIA las palabras anteriores:


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

50

TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de g en las palabras que llevan la slaba gen


1.-

2.-

Mi hermano es muy inteligente, pero no ha conseguido aprobar una


asignatura.
El agente detuvo al conductor que llevaba una velocidad excesiva.
Varios hombres y mujeres han ido a visitar hoy a la Virgen del
Roco.
Los heridos que hubo en el accidente entraron en la sala de urgencias
del hospital
El agente de polica se llev a varios indigentes que dorman en la
calle.
La diligencia se detuvo porque haba que darle de beber a los
caballos que llevaba.
En la margen izquierda del ro haba bastantes eucaliptos.
Este vino que hemos bebido es de origen francs.

51

Uso de j en las palabras que empiezan o acaban en aje o eje.

TEXTO:
Desde el bosque se vea un hermoso paisaje.
Los chiquillos jugaban al ajedrez durante el viaje.
Yo he enviado a Guillermo un mensaje por el mvil.
Al camin se le rompi un eje.
Los ejecutivos de la empresa se han reunido hoy.
ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
palabras que empiezan o acaban en aje o en eje. Con qu se escriben?
.......................
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y lee ahora en voz alta solamente las palabras que llevan letra
negrita. Despus de ti la leern otros compaeros. Escrbelas:
..................., ......................., ..................., ..........................., ............... y ......................
4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

52

5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Se escriben con j las palabras que empiezan o acaban en aje o en eje, menos
hegemona. Ejemplos: viaje, garaje, ajedrez, ejecutivo...

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Completa las frases siguientes con las palabras del recuadro y cpialas de nuevo:
oleaje ajedrez ajenos hereje mensaje garaje
No me he baado en la playa porque haba un fuerte............................
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

El hombre llev ayer su automvil al ....................... porque se haba averiado.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

He enviado por el mvil un............................. a Isabel.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ayer jugu al......................... con mi hermano mayor.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

A esa vecina le gusta meterse en asuntos............................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

A quienes afirman cosas contrarias a la doctrina de la Iglesia se les llama...................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.- Copia dos veces cada palabra sin faltas:


viaje carruaje masaje esqueje hereje
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

carruaje ejecutivo traje ajetreo salvaje


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

53

BUSCA en el diccionario las palabras que no entiendas.


COMPLETA: Las palabras anteriores se escriben con ...... porque empiezan o acaban
en ............ o en ............
3.- Elige 5 palabras del ejercicio anterior y construye una frase con cada una:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4.- Copia la regla de Ortografa que estamos estudiando y las dos frases del comienzo
de la ficha:
REGLA:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

FRASES:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5.- Completa las frases y cpialas debajo. Consulta en el diccionario las palabras que
no entiendas:
deje salvaje esqueje viaje ramaje
Un trozo del tallo de una planta se llama............................
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Haba bastantes pjaros en el............................ de aquel rbol.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

El oso y el lobo son animales................................


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

54

Cogimos el autobs para ir de........................ a Valencia.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Cuando habla se le nota el................... andaluz.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6.- Completa la tabla como en el ejemplo:


Lengua
Equipo
Rama
Ola
Ancla
Carro
Patn
Pas

Lenguaje

ELIGE 4 palabras de la tabla anterior acabadas en aje y escribe una oracin con
cada una:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7.- Ordena las palabras y escribe las frases:


abuelo manchado se ha Mi traje el con el aceite
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

cuerpo de avin un El llama se fuselaje


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

garaje el En han arreglado avera la del automvil


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

plaza En la haba un grande ajetreo muy


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

55

8.- Une con flechas y escribe las frases:


El ejecutivo
El doctor
Ahora hacemos
Qu bonito paisaje

me dio un masaje en la rodilla.


dirige muy bien su empresa.
hemos visto desde el valle!
ejercicios de Lenguaje.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:
Uso de j en las palabras que empiezan o acaban en aje o en eje.
1.-

2.-

En la playa haba un fuerte oleaje y no nos hemos baado.


Ese ejecutivo pertenece a una gran empresa de la ciudad.
Mi abuela ha sembrado en la maceta un esqueje de geranio.
Ellos jugaban al ajedrez mientras yo haca los ejercicios de Lenguaje.

Compr en la farmacia unas pastillas para evitar el mareo durante el


viaje.
El avin no aterriz bien y se destroz el fuselaje.
Cuando ese chiquillo habla se le nota muy bien el deje gallego.
El invierno pasado practiqu el patinaje en la nieve de Sierra Nevada.

56

Uso de los verbos ir y haber.

TEXTO:

Yo voy ahora a ver a mis abuelos.


T vas hoy al colegio muy temprano.
Nosotros bamos a la playa durante el verano.
Ellos me haban invitado a la fiesta.
Hoy hay entradas para el ftbol, pero maana no habr.

ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
palabras que llevan letra negrita.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y lee ahora solamente, en voz alta, las palabras con negrita.
Despus de ti la leern otros compaeros. A continuacin escrbelas agrupndolas por
verbos:
Verbo ir: ..................., ....................., ...........................
Verbo haber: ........................, ....................., .......................
4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

57

5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Las formas del verbo ir se escriben con v, menos iba, ibas, bamos, ibais,
iban, que se escriben con b. Ejemplos: vamos, vayamos, vas...
Las formas del verbo haber siempre se escriben con h y con b. Ejemplos:
hubo, haba, habr...

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Completa las siguientes frases con estas formas del verbo ir:
vamos voy

vas vayis

vayan

Hemos pedido a nuestros compaeros que se....................... hoy a la piscina.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Traedme vosotros un juguete cuando....................... a Sevilla.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

T y yo........................ a jugar ahora al ajedrez.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ahora yo............... a hacer los problemas.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Cundo me............ a dejar tu bicicleta?


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.- Estas formas del verbo ir se escriben con b. Completa con ellas las frases y
cpialas debajo con buena letra y sin faltas:
iba ibas bamos ibais iban
Cuando haca calor, nos ........................ a la piscina.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ellos ............... todos los das a la playa.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

58

l me cont que t................ al cine muchas veces.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Vosotros................. de excursin los sbados.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

La chiquilla........... siempre acompaada de sus abuelos.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.- Completa la tabla, siguiendo el ejemplo, con iba, ibas, bamos, ibais, iban:
PRESENTE
Alicia va al colegio.
Tu hermano va al cine.
Nosotros vamos al campo.
Ellos van a la playa.

PASADO
Alicia iba al colegio.

T vas de vacaciones
Yo voy a casa de Juan

4.- Une con flechas y escribe las frases:

No me gusta que t
Hace falta que nosotros
Queris que ellos
No quiero que vosotros
Qu bien me lo pasar cuando

vayan
vayamos
vayas
vaya
vayis

a la excursin!
solos al bosque.
solo all.
a verlo.
a la fiesta?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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59

5.- Completa las siguientes frases con estas formas del verbo haber. Cpialas debajo:
haba hubo habremos habra habr
Ayer............... bastante gente en la plaza de Espaa.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Esta maana temprano no..................... nadie en la calle.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Cundo..................... otra vez un partido de ftbol en la televisin?


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Si me hubieras avisado, yo...................... ido contigo.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Cuando lleguis, nosotros.......................... acabado ya.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6.- Completa las frases y escribe el plural, como en el ejemplo:


SINGULAR
El len ha rugido en su jaula.
Tu hermano......... cogido la bicicleta.
Mi primo...... venido de Barcelona.

PLURAL
Los leones han rugido en sus jaulas.

La mujer...... guisado un pollo.


El profesor...... explicado la leccin.
La chiquilla..... subido a la torre.

7.- Forma frases como en el ejemplo y escrbelas:


Vosotros
Alicia y Nieves
Yo
T
Magdalena
Mi hermano y yo

he
has
ha
hemos
habis
han

conseguido un premio.
aprobado las dos el examen.
comprado un bolgrafo.
cogido mi lpiz nuevo.
abierto la ventana.
ido a ver a nuestro abuelo.

60

Vosotros habis conseguido un premio.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

8.- Completa las siguientes frases con las palabras del recuadro. Cpialas debajo sin
faltas y con buena letra:
habras hubiramos hubierais

habra

Yo me................... llevado una medalla si hubiera participado en la carrera.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Si nosotros lo............................. sabido antes, os habramos acompaado al cine.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

T te lo....................... pasado muy bien si hubieras venido con nosotros a la fiesta.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Si vosotros me los ......................... pedido, yo os habra dejado mis libros nuevos.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

61

TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de los verbos ir y haber

1.-

2.-

Cuando iba por la calle, he visto hoy a tus abuelos.


Ahora voy a llevarle el libro que me haba prestado Miguel ngel.
Javier y yo hemos conseguido ver varias ardillas cuando bamos por
el bosque.
Hace falta que vayamos a ver al vecino que ha tenido el accidente.

Si hubiramos ido el sbado al cine, habramos visto una buena


pelcula..
Cuando vayis al colegio, veris un bonito dibujo que he hecho.
Ellos iban a comprar un videojuego, pero habrn pensado no hacerlo.
Tu hermano me ha pedido que vaya con l a la excursin en
bicicleta.

62

Uso del punto

TEXTO:
Los jugadores estaban nerviosos. Saltaron al campo para jugar un importante
partido de ftbol.
El juego de los dos equipos fue muy bonito. Los espectadores se divirtieron
mucho con preciosas jugadas. El partido acab en empate.

ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en los
puntos al final de cada frase.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y responde:
a) Cuntos prrafos tiene? ...............
b) Qu signo hay al final de cada prrafo? ....................................
c) Cuntas frases tiene el primer prrafo? ............... Y el segundo? ..................
d) Qu signo se utiliza para separar dichas frases? ..............................................

4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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63

5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Hay tres clases de puntos: punto y seguido, punto y aparte y punto y final.
El punto y seguido sirve para separar frases.
El punto y aparte sirve para separar prrafos.
El punto final sirve para indicar que hemos acabado de escribir.
ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Observa de nuevo el texto y contesta:
a) Cuntos puntos y seguido hay? ................
b) Cuntos puntos y aparte? .................
c) Cuntos puntos finales? ...................
2.- Pon los puntos y las maysculas que faltan en el siguiente texto y vuelve a
escribirlo debajo:
Antonio y sus amigos iban a jugar un partido de ftbol estaban nerviosos
porque sus rivales eran muy fuertes
Llegaron al campo una hora antes de empezar el partido estuvieron un buen
rato calentando los msculos
El partido fue muy bonito el rbitro se equivoc varias veces gan el equipo de
Antonio
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COMPLETA: En el texto anterior hay........... puntos y seguido,........... puntos y


aparte y.......... punto final.
3.- Copia la regla de Ortografa que estamos estudiando:
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64

4.- Escribe una narracin corta, sin dilogos, con frases separadas por puntos, que
tenga como tema Un atraco al banco.
Recuerda los tres momentos de la narracin:
Presentacin: lo que pasa primero.
Nudo: lo que pasa despus.
Desenlace: lo que pasa al final.
Usa punto y seguido para separar las frases, punto y aparte para separar un
momento de la narracin de otro, y punto final para acabar la narracin.
Un atraco al banco
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5.- Pon los puntos y las maysculas que faltan en el siguiente texto y cpialo a
continuacin:
Mis padres me llevaron hace algn tiempo a la Sierra de Cdiz salimos del pueblo
bastante temprano llegamos a un pueblo que se llama El Bosque all estuvimos
desayunando leche y tostadas cuando acabamos fuimos a ver el nacimiento de un ro
vimos un precioso paisaje almorzamos unos bocadillos junto al ro y volvimos a casa
por la tarde habamos pasado un da extraordinario
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65

6.- Pon los puntos y las maysculas que faltan en el siguiente texto y cpialo a
continuacin:
Miguel ngel y sus amigos jugaban el sbado en la calle sali una anciana de
su casa y les dijo que se fueran de all ellos no le hicieron caso y siguieron jugando
uno de los chiquillos rompi un cristal de un balonazo el cristal era de una ventana de
la anciana sali la mujer y dio muchas voces a los nios les dijo que hablara con sus
padres entonces los chicos decidieron irse a otro sitio
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7.- Pon los puntos y las maysculas que faltan en el siguiente texto y cpialo a
continuacin:
Unos chicos deseaban ir de excursin a la montaa se pusieron de acuerdo el
sbado por la tarde prepararon sus mochilas y bocadillos salieron hacia la montaa el
domingo por la maana llegaron a una pradera verde muy bonita all comieron
bocadillos y jugaron un buen rato por la tarde regresaron al pueblo en autobs haban
disfrutado de una bonita excursin
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66

8.- Escribe lo que has hecho hoy desde que te levantaste esta maana hasta este
momento. Hazlo con frases separadas por puntos, sin dilogo:
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67

TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso del punto


1.Mi amigo Francisco es muy travieso. Vive en mi barrio, bastante cerca
de mi calle.
Ayer se subi a un rbol y se cay. Se hizo varias heridas y lo llevaron al
ambulatorio.
El padre se enter al llegar del trabajo y le estuvo riendo.
2.El pasado verano fui en autobs a la playa. Me acompaaban en la
excursin varios amigos.
Al llegar nos dimos un buen chapuzn. Estuvimos todo el da
bandonos y jugando a la orilla de la playa.
Por la noche, al llegar a casa, estbamos agotados. Haba sido un da
inolvidable.

68

Uso de la coma

TEXTO:
Me visitaron todos mis amigos: Luca, Alberto, Miguel, Roco, Pablo y Nieves.
El sbado sal de paseo, me llegu a casa de Juan, compramos algunas
golosinas, entramos en el cine y vimos una bonita pelcula.
Antonio, no te equivoques al hacer el problema.
No te equivoques al hacer el problema, Antonio.
No te equivoques, Antonio, al hacer el problema.
Aquellos rboles, los que estn junto al ro, son muy frondosos.
ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
comas.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y contesta:
a) De cuntos amigos se habla en la primera frase? .............................. Con qu
se separan sus nombres? .........................................
b) Cuntas oraciones tiene la segunda frase? ......................... Qu se utiliza para
separar esas oraciones? ..........................................
c) A quin se le dice que no se equivoque? ........................................... Qu se
pone antes y despus del nombre? ......................................
d) Qu aclaracin hay en la ltima frase? ...............................................................
Qu hay antes y despus de la aclaracin? ....................................................
69

4.- Copia el texto del comienzo de la ficha con buena letra y sin faltas:
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5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Se utiliza la coma:
a) Para separar palabras que forman una serie. Ejemplo: En el kiosco compr
pipas, avellanas, chicles, caramelos y regaliz.
b) Para separar oraciones dentro de una frase. Ejemplo: Cog el cuchillo, cort
rebanadas de pan, las met en el tostador, calent la leche y desayun.
c) Cuando llamamos o nos dirigimos a alguien. Ejemplo: Roco, cierra la
ventana. / Cierra la ventana, Roco. / Por favor, Roco, cierra la ventana.
d) En las aclaraciones o explicaciones. Ejemplo: Esos cromos, los que has
comprado hoy, son preciosos.

70

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Coloca las comas en las frases siguientes. Vuelve a escribirlas debajo sin faltas y
con buena letra:
Almera Granada Mlaga Jan Crdoba Sevilla Cdiz y Huelva son las provincias
andaluzas.
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Los ros ms importantes de Espaa son: el Mio el Duero el Tajo el Guadiana el


Guadalquivir el Ebro el Jcar y el Segura.
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En el almuerzo he comido pan ensalada garbanzos pescado verduras y fruta.


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2.- Inventa tres frases, como las de arriba, en las que sea necesario separar con comas
una serie de palabras:
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3.- Pon las comas a los siguientes textos y vuelve a escribirlos debajo sin faltas:
Ayer sal con mis amigos llegamos a la plaza entramos en una heladera nos
tomamos una granizada dimos una vuelta y volvimos a casa.
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El ladrn entr en el banco sac un arma orden que le dieran el dinero llen
una bolsa y sali huyendo.
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4.- Escribe la regla de Ortografa que estamos estudiando:


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5.- Pon comas a las siguientes frases. Escrbelas debajo correctamente:


Nieves ve a la frutera. Compra pltanos naranjas manzanas uvas y zanahorias.
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No te olvides de comprar chocolate abuela


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Recuerda Juan que debes estudiar para el examen.


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Cundo vas a volver Gabriel?


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6.- Escribe las comas que faltan en el siguiente texto y cpialo debajo con buena
letra y sin faltas:
En el zoolgico hemos visto hermosos leones jirafas gacelas elefantes y cebras.
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Lleg al colegio entr en su clase abri la mochila sac los libros y comenz a
estudiar.
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Acrcate a m querido amigo voy a decirte algo.


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No hagas corriendo los ejercicios amigo mo.


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Mi primo que mide casi dos metros juega al baloncesto.


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7.- Escribe las comas que faltan en los siguientes textos y cpialos debajo con buena
letra y sin faltas:
Sobre la mesa haba un jarrn varias fotos un cenicero algunos libros y una revista.
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Cuidado con el perro Mara!


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Aquella hermosa joven la de pelo rubio y ojos claros es la novia de mi hermano.


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Ya te he dicho Antonio que hoy no voy a salir.


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8.- Escribe las comas que faltan en los siguientes textos y cpialos debajo con buena
letra y sin faltas:
Las frutas las verduras las hortalizas los cereales el pescado y el aceite de oliva son
muy importantes en la alimentacin.
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No hables a voces Vctor.


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El Guadalquivir que desemboca en Sanlcar de Barrameda es el mayor ro de


Andaluca.
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Nuestro pueblo que es bastante grande se llama Los Palacios y Villafranca.


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TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de la coma

1.-

2.-

Para hacer una casa hacen falta arquitectos, albailes, fontaneros,


carpinteros, electricistas, pintores...
Llegu al colegio, me puse en la fila, subimos a la clase, trabajamos
varias horas, salimos a las dos y regresamos a la clase.
He comido un bocadillo, una tortilla, un trozo de queso, una manzana
y un yogur.
Cuando vengas maana, Vicente, trae tu videojuego.

La chiquilla saltaba, jugaba, chillaba, corra y siempre estaba


movindose.
Miguel, ven conmigo a la heladera.
No hagas los deberes corriendo ni frente al televisor, Alberto.
Me levant temprano, me lav, me vest, desayun tostadas con
mantequilla, cog la bicicleta y me fui a la piscina.

75

Uso de los dos puntos y la raya

TEXTO:
a) En el mercado haba una gran variedad de frutas: melocotones, fresas, pltanos,
ciruelas, manzanas...
b) Queridos abuelos:
Deseo veros muy pronto.
c) La mujer pregunt:
- Dnde est el ambulatorio?
d) El polica contest:
- Coja usted la primera calle a la izquierda.
e) El mejor jugador del equipo lesionado la pasada semana no jugar hoy.

ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en los dos
puntos y en las rayas.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto y contesta:
En qu frases se utilizan los dos puntos? ............................................................
En qu frases se utiliza la raya? ..........................................................................

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4.- Copia el texto del principio con buena letra y sin faltas:
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5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Se utilizan los dos puntos:
a) En las citas textuales. Ejemplo: El doctor me dijo: Tmate estas pastillas.
b) Delante de una enumeracin. Ejemplo: En la mochila haba los siguientes
objetos: lpices, gomas, sacapuntas, bolgrafos y libretas.
c) En los dilogos. Ejemplo:
La chiquilla dijo:
Tengo mucha hambre.
Se utiliza la raya:
a) En los dilogos. Ejemplo:
La abuela contest:
- Voy a prepararte un bocadillo.
b) En las expresiones aclaratorias. Ejemplo: Los linces ibricos animales muy
hermosos estn en peligro de extincin.
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ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Coloca los dos puntos y las rayas y copia debajo el texto con buena letra y sin
faltas:
Mi hermano dijo
Maana ir de excursin en bicicleta.
Yo le contest
Pues yo tambin voy a ir contigo.
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2.- Escribe los dos puntos en las siguientes frases y cpialas de nuevo:
Aqu estuvieron ayer mis mejores amigos Francisco, Pablo, Enrique, Luca, Beatriz y
Mara.
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Las provincias catalanas son las siguientes Barcelona Tarragona Lrida y Gerona.
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3.- Observa el ejercicio 1. Escribe un dilogo parecido entre un mdico y un


paciente:
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4.- Observa el ejercicio 2. Construye dos frases parecidas a ellas. No olvides poner
los dos puntos y las comas:
Con los nombres de seis compaeros del colegio.
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Con los nombres de los cinco animales que ms te gusten.


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5.- A continuacin van frases con expresiones aclaratorias entre comas. Vuelve a
escribirlas cambiando las comas por rayas:
Mi amigo Joaqun, el de mayor estatura, juega muy bien al baloncesto.
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El perro de mi vecino, herido en una pata, no puede andar bien.


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Aquel atleta, el ms joven de todos, consigui la victoria y la medalla de oro.


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6.- Copia y aprende la regla de Ortografa que estamos estudiando:


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7.- Observa estos encabezamientos:


Querido primo:

Seor Alcalde:

Escribe con cada uno una breve carta:


CARTA 1:
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CARTA 2:
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8.- Coloca los dos puntos y las rayas al siguiente dilogo y cpialo de nuevo:
El chiquillo exclam
Qu fro hace hoy!
Su madre le dijo
Ponte el jersey verde.
El hijo respondi
No te preocupes, que se me quitar corriendo.
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81

TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de los dos puntos y la raya


1.-

2.-

El emperador romano dijo despus de la batalla: Llegu, vi, venc.


Tu hermano se irrit y dijo: Sois todos unos sinvergenzas.
En el kiosco he comprado varias golosinas: chicles, caramelos,
gomitas, regaliz y frutos secos.
El polica dijo:
- No puede circular por aqu.
El conductor respondi:
- Pues me ir por la siguiente calle.

Queridos abuelos:
Venid con nosotros en Navidad.
Seor Alcalde:
Ponga ms papeleras en las calles, por favor.
Aquella mujer la que se llevan en la ambulancia ha sufrido un
accidente.
Ese anciano el de pelo blanco y bastn vive solo en su domicilio.
El doctor dijo:
- Debe dejar el tabaco.
El paciente respondi:
- Creo que no lo voy a conseguir.

82

Uso de la tilde

TEXTO:

Jess y Ramn estaban en el sof.


El lpiz y el bolgrafo son de Flix.
Ese mdico es muy joven y simptico.
El libro que me prest Toms tiene muchas pginas.
El ladrn ingres el sbado en la crcel.

ACTIVIDADES INICIALES:
1.- Lee el texto varias veces y en voz alta junto con tus compaeros. Fjate en las
palabras que llevan tilde, que son las de letra negrita.
2.- Responde a las preguntas que te har el profesor para comprobar si has
comprendido el texto.
3.- Observa el texto. Lee varias veces en voz alta las palabras que llevan tilde.
Escrbelas: ......................., .............................., ............................, ..............................,
.................................., .................................., ................................, ..............................,
...................................., .................................., .................................
4.- Copia el texto de arriba con buena letra y sin faltas:
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5.- RECUERDA Y APRENDE:


Se escriben con tilde:
a) Las palabras agudas que acaban en vocal, en n o en s. Ejemplos: caf, saln,
comps.
b) Las palabras llanas que no acaban en vocal, ni en n ni en s. Ejemplos: azcar,
lpiz, mvil.
c) Las palabras esdrjulas siempre llevan tilde. Ejemplos: telfono, msica,
helicptero.

ACTIVIDADES DE APLICACIN:
1.- Las siguientes palabras son agudas. Clasifcalas:
yogur sof pared meln detrs cartel bistur nariz
Agudas con tilde: ..................., ......................, ........................ y ........................
Agudas sin tilde: ..................., ......................, ........................ y ........................
COMPLETA: Se escriben con tilde las palabras agudas que acaban en......................,
en ........ o en ........
2.- Busca y escribe:
Cinco palabras agudas con tilde: ..........................., ...........................,
..................................., ............................. y .................................
Cinco palabras agudas sin tilde: ..........................., ...........................,
..................................., ............................. y .................................
Construye 5 frases con ellas:
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3.- Las siguientes palabras son llanas. Clasifcalas:


playa lpiz crcel cabeza mrmol Virgen lunes lbum
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Llanas con tilde: ......................, ........................, ...................... y .......................


Llanas sin tilde: ......................, ........................, ...................... y ........................
COMPLETA: Se escriben con tilde las palabras llanas que no acaban en ...................,
ni en ..... ni en .....
5.- Las siguientes palabras son esdrjulas:
cscara relmpago telfono mdico sbanas helicptero tmbola - pgina
Cundo llevan tilde? ....................................
ELIGE 5 y escribe una frase con cada una:
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6.- Escribe las tildes que faltan y copia de nuevo las frases con buena letra y sin
faltas:
Mi vecino Ramon compro el miercoles un arbol, lo planto en el jardin y lo rego.
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Joaquin trajo el sabado un periodico y una revista de musica para su abuelo.


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Tu hermano Jesus desayuno ayer leche con azucar y un monton de galletas.


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7.- Escribe las tildes que faltan y copia debajo las frases con buena letra y sin faltas:
Mi amigo frances visitara el proximo verano Malaga, Cadiz y Jaen.
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Nicolas llegara a la estacion en el autobus el proximo sabado.


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Andres llego a Cordoba y despues cogio un taxi hasta el hotel.


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Ayer perdi el lapiz en el cesped del jardin.


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8.- Escribe las tildes que faltan y copia debajo las frases con buena letra y sin faltas:
Miguel explico el miercoles la leccion a su amigo Alvaro.
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El medico receto unas pastillas al enfermo de corazon.


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El sabado pasado jugue al domino en el jardin con Hector y Javier.


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TEXTOS ORTOGRFICOS:

Uso de la tilde

1.-

2.-

Toms hizo el verano pasado un magnfico viaje a Canad en avin.


Mi hermano scar ha dibujado un rbol altsimo con el lpiz nuevo
de su amigo Jess.
Yo no olvidar jams la fantstica pelcula que vi el mircoles.
Benjamn se comi un bocadillo de salchichn que estaba riqusimo.

Nicols ingres en la crcel por haber robado un reloj que estaba


sobre la mesa de mrmol.
Mi hermano Flix desayun con rapidez y se march en automvil a
Cdiz.
Sobre una rama del rbol varios pjaros cantaban alegremente.
Mi hermano Joaqun llam por telfono a Jos para hacer un viaje en
autobs.

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