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Picassos cubism

Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor and one of the most recognized
figures of the 20
th
century. He is known for co-founding cubism and for the wide
variety of styles included in his work. His most famous cubistic paintings are the Les
Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907 - beginning) and Guernica (1937 - end).
Cubism revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and influenced related
movements in other arts. It is considered the most influential art movement of the 20
th

century. What led to cubism was the representation of three-dimensional form in the
late works of Paul Czanne. In cubism objects are analyzed, broken up and
reassembled in an abstract form. The broken up parts are called facets and by
combining them we can create something new. Two more novelties in cubism are
multiple perspective points and an analytical approach to the object. The artist can
use one object or facet for multiple purposes just by observing it from different
perspectives. By observing an object analytically the artist decides how to
deconstruct and reconstruct it. In cubism interpretation was left to others. Artists
refused to write explanations of their artworks. The ultimate goal was to show an
object in four dimensions. Picasso's painting Guernica is known as one of the world's
most famous anti-war artworks and was painted specifically to protest against the
bombing of Guernica in Spain, by German and Italian Nazis and Fascists who
supported Spanish Nationalists in the Spanish civil war. After completing his painting
Picasso allowed it to go on a tour to show the people all around the world horrors of
the war in Spain. The painting shows the tragedies of war and the suffering it inflicts
upon innocent civilians. The painting itself is thought-provoking and some may even
call it disturbing. Picasso managed to induce such feelings by making the painting
monochromatic and with his selection of motives. Black, white and shades of grey act
depressingly. Motives like people screaming, animals panicking and a lit lamp,
alongside the abstract nature of cubism contribute to the drama the painting
expresses. Using animals in the forefront symbolizes the level of barbarism that
comes during wartime. The painting is oil on canvas. The sheer size of the artwork
(3.5 m tall and 7.8 m wide) makes an immediate impact on the spectator and
expresses the authors opinion on how important the message he is trying to send is.
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Picasso wanted to express the emotions he felt about senseless killings, and make a
statement through his art. Because of his immense talent and ingenuity, he gained
power among the common people and opposed to political power and violence.
Guernica should be seen as Picassos message, how art can contribute towards the
development of self-consciousness which differentiates every human and protects his
individuality from overwhelming forces such as political crime, war, and death.