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ENGLISH ALPHABET

Aa [ei] Bb [bi:] Cc [si:] Dd [di:] Ee [i:] Ff [ef] Gg [i:]


Hh [ei] Ii [ai] Jj [ei] Kk [kei] Ll [el] Mm [em] Nn [en]
Oo [] Pp [pi:] Qq [kju:] Rr [a:] Ss [es] Tt [ti:] Uu [ju:]
Vv [vi:] Ww [dblju:] Xx [eks] Yy [wai] Zz [zed]
VOWELS
Aa Ee Oo Uu Ii Yy

[] [] [e] [i:] [] [] [] [ju:] [] []
cat cake pen we dog note cup cute pig bike

tree, tea book cool


car class term
purple
sport ball gi rl


CONSONANTS

















oo = [u:]

e+r = [:]
u+r = [:]
i+r = [:]
c + i /e/ y = [s] city, bicycle, center
c + a/u/o/cons. =[k] cat, cold, cup, clock
g + i /e/ y = [] giraffe, gentle, gym BUT get give
g + a/u/o/cons. =[g] gas, gum, go, globe
SEASONS
winter
spring
summer
autumn



in
MONTHS
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
in
DAYS of the
WEEK
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday

on
th [] this th [] tooth

sh [] fish ck [k] duck
ch [] teacher ph [f] photo kn [n] knee
ee, ea = [i:] oo + k = []
a+r = [:]
o+r = [:]
a+ss = [:]
a+ll = [:]
the morning
the evening
the afternoon

noon
night
2 oclock
in
at
VERB to be
Affirmative + Negative -
I am Im
He is Hes
She is Shes
It is Its
We are Were
You are Youre
They are Theyre
I am not Im not
He is not He isnt
She is not She isnt
It is not It isnt
We are not We arent
You are not You arent
The are not They arent

Interrogative ? Short answers
Am I right?
Is he right?
Is she right?
Is it right?
Are we right?
Are you right?
Are they right?
Yes, I am./No, Im not.
Yes, he is./No, he isnt.
Yes, she is./No, she isnt.
Yes, it is./No, it isnt.
Yes, we are./No, we arent.
Yes, you are./No, you arent.
Yes, they are. /No, they arent.

VERB CAN
I I
You you
He he
She can swim. (+) Can she swim?
It cannot swim. (-) it
We (cant swim) (-) we
They they

Can you swim? Yes, I can. /No, I cant.
VERB HAVE GOT
I
You have got (+) Have you got a cat?
We havent got (-) - Yes, I have./
They - No, I havent.

He Has he got a dog?
She - Yes, he has. /
It - No, he hasnt.
has got (+)
hasnt got (-)














































































PRONOUNS AND POSESSIVE
ADJECTIVES
PERSONAL
PRONOUNS
POSESSIVE
ADJECTIVES
I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they
my
your
his
her
its
our
your
their

ARTICLES a/an

a + consonant
a banana, a desk, a boy

an + a, e, o, i, u
an apple, an egg,
an orange, an insect,
an umbrella
PLURALS
noun a girl girls

-s/sh/ch/x/o a bus buses a bush bushes a bench benches
a box boxes a tomato tomatoes
conson.+ y a baby babies BUT a boy boys


+ s
+ es
ies
IRREGULAR PLURALS
a man [mn] men [men] a sheep [i:p] sheep [i:p]
a woman [wmn] women [wmn] a fish [f] fish [f]
a child [ld] children [ldrn] a deer [d] deer [d]
a person [p:sn] people [pi:pl] a foot [ft] feet [fi:t]
a mouse [ms] mice [ms] a tooth [tu:] teeth [ti:]
an ox [ks] oxen [ksn] a goose [gu:s] geese [gi:s]

Cardinal numbers
1 -100

1 one [wn]
2 two [tu:]
3 three [ri:]
4 four [f:]
5 five [fv]
6 six [siks]
7 seven [sevn]
8 eight [eit]
9 nine [nn]
10 ten [ten]
11 eleven [levn]
12 twelve [twelv]
13 thirteen [:ti:n]
14 fourteen [f:ti:n]
15 fifteen [ffti:n]
16 sixteen [siksti:n]
17 seventeen [sevnti:n]
18 eighteen [eitti:n]
19 nineteen [nnti:n]
20 twenty [twent]
21 twenty-one
22 twenty-two
23 twenty-three
24 twenty-four
25 twenty-five etc.
30 thirty [:t]
40 forty [f:t]
50 fifty [fft]
60 sixty [sikst]
70 seventy [sevnt]
80 - eighty [eit]
90 ninety [nnt]
100 a hundred/
one hundred [hndrd]

Ordinal numbers
1 -100

1
st
the first [f:st]
2
nd
the second [seknd]
3
rd
the third [:d]
4
th
the fourth [f:]
5
th
the fifth [ff]
6
th
the sixth [siks]
7
th
the seventh [sevn]
8
th
the eighth [eit]
9
th
the ninth [nn]
10
th
the tenth [ten]
11
th
the eleventh [levn]
12
th
the twelfth [twelf]
13
th
the thirteenth
14
th
the fourteenth
15
th
the fifteenth
16
th
the sixteenth
17
th
the seventeenth
18
th
the eighteenth
19
th
the nineteenth
20
th
the twentieth [twent]
21
st
the twenty-first
22
nd
the twenty-second
23
rd
the twenty-third
24
th
the twenty-fourth
25
th
the twenty-fifth
30
th
the thirtieth [:t]
40
th
the fortieth [f:t]
50
th
the fiftieth [fft]
60
th
the sixtieth [sikst]
70
th
the seventieth [sevnt]
80
th
the eightieth [eit]
90
th
the ninetieth [nnt]
100
th
the hundredth [hndrd]




A or SOME?

a banana, an apple

some bananas

some milk
a + singular countable

some + plural
some + uncountable