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Isabelle Wong April 8, 2014


Science 830

Lab 14-Climate Investigation


I ntroduction
Climate is the characteristic weather of a region measured over many years. Latitude
affects climate because of the distance from the equator, has more direct sunlight, which is why
the poles have no direct sunlight. The places close to the equator are tropical, the places between
the equator and poles are temperate, and places near the poles are polar. Since the Earth is tilted,
the sunlight shines directly right to the equator which is called direct sunlight. The purpose of the
lab is how latitude affects the temperature. If the distance of the location from the equator is
further then the temperature will decrease because the equator gets the most direct sunlight while
places away from the equator will have less sunlight.

Method
In collecting the data from the National Weather Service had volunteers report their daily
data of the temperature they collected and reported to the Warning and Forecast Office. Then the
data was send to the Weather Service computer system where staff would analyze the data. In
preparing the experiment, you use a laptop and look for the website, www.mysciencelearning.org
to graph the climate over a period of time. The cities that were chosen were Chicago, IL and
New Orleans, LA and you have to select them on the map on the right of the graph. Also you
have to change the parameter to monthly mean temperature which is on the right side of the
graph. The time period was one year from Dec. 1, 1999 and Dec. 1, 2000 and you change it on
the top of the graph.
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Results




In the graph it shows the temperature between New Orleans and Chicago from December
1, 1999 to December 1, 2000. The graph shows that New Orleans is always warmer than
Chicago. The lowest temperatures were recorded -7.4C in Chicago and 13.1C in New Orleans
on December 1, 2000. The highest temperatures were 23C in Chicago and 27.5C in New
Orleans on July 1, 2000. The most identical temperature is around 22C on June 1, 2000.


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Scientific Discussion
The hypothesis for the activity was, if the distance of the location from the equator is
further then the temperature will decrease because the equator gets the most direct sunlight while
places away from the equator will have less sunlight. Based on the data the hypothesis was
correct, because New Orleans temperature is warmer then Chicago since it is closer to the
equator and gets more direct sunlight. According to the data, New Orleanss climate will always
be warmer then Chicagos climate. Based on the research this occurred because New Orleans is
closer to the equator, therefore New Orleans gets more direct sunlight than Chicago. That is why
New Orleanss climate will always be warmer than Chicago because sunlight gives off heat so
the climate would be warmer. One source of error would be some constraints that you cant
change like winds currents, ocean currents or natural disaster. After a natural disaster, it can
affect the climate and can either be warmer or cooler. An extension to this activity could be to
find two different places to compare.