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Scientific Method

Lesson Plan
Objectives: 1) Identify and describe the skills scientists use in their work.
2) Explain how scientific hypothesis can be tested.
3) State why safety rules in the laboratory is important.
4) he student will be able to formulate a hypothesis by conductin! an experiment.
") Students will learn and apply the scientific method by conductin! an experiment.
#) Students will apply safety rules in the laboratory$ which will reinforce the
importance of rules$ while conductin! an experiment.
SOL: %hysical Science Standard 1.a$ !$ l$ and n$
he student will plan and conduct in&esti!ations in which
a) chemicals and e'uipment are used safely(
!) independent and dependent &ariables$ constants$ controls$ and repeated trials are
identified(
l)research methods are used to in&esti!ate practical problems and 'uestions(
n) an understandin! of the nature of science is de&eloped and reinforced.
Activities:
)arm*up
+nit or!ani,er
%ower%oint
)rite at least one para!raph describin! the components of the unit or!ani,er that were
demonstrated in the %ower%oint.
Students will complete notes that follow alon! with the %ower%oint.
%aper -ootball .ab
Spon!e /ob /ikini /ottom Experiments
Instructional Strategies: Pre-learning, During-learning, and Post-learning
Strategies
%re*learnin!0 +nit or!ani,er$ )arm*up 1&isual*lo!ical*mathematical)
2urin!*learnin!0 %ower%oint3s$ %aper -ootball .ab and he 4ethods of Science 56%
1/odily*kinesthetic)
%ost*learnin!0 )rite one para!raph describin! the different components of the scientific
method$ exit cards$ Spon!e /ob /ikini /ottom experiments$ and controllin! &ariables
worksheet
Ke !uestions:
)hat are some skills used by scientists7
8ow does an experiment support a hypothesis7
9i&e an example of somethin! that could be tested by the scientific method.
Explain why it is so important to follow safe lab practices.
2escribe the difference between independent 1manipulated) and dependent 1respondin!)
&ariables.
9i&e an example of what kind of 'uestion you should choose when conductin! a
scientific method.
Explain the difference between analy,in! data and drawin! a conclusion.
Assess"ent #valuations:
-ormati&e 6ssessment usin! a :*)*. chart. Students will write at the be!innin! of the
lesson what they know about the scientific method$ what they want to know$ and what
they learned after today3s lesson.
+sin! the exit cards$ the teacher will 'uickly be able to assess students3 knowled!e.
+sin! the laboratory data$ bar !raph$ and 'uestions$ the teacher will 'uickly be able to
assess students3 knowled!e and cate!ori,e learners into three !roups$ those who are
uncertain or confused$ those who need a little more practice$ and those who ha&e
mastered the concept.
he teacher will re&iew the students3 response to the controllin! &ariables worksheet.
Materials$%esources &eeded:
3*rin! binder
.oose leaf paper
pencils