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impacts and mitigation

Raquel E. Lizardo
2020 2050
PAGASA DOST
(February, 2011)
Rise in annual mean temperatures in all parts of the
country (0.9 C 1.1 C in 2020, 1.8 C 2.2 C in
2050)
Reduction in rainfall in most parts of the country
during summer months (making the usual dry
season drier; results to dry spells / droughts)
Increase in rainfall in most areas of Luzon and
Visayas during the southwest monsoon until the
transition season, and in areas with Type II Climate
during the northeast monsoon (results to flooding)
Increased frequency of hot temperatures (max. of >
35 C), and heavy rainfall (max. > 300 mm)
1. Water Stress
decrease in amount of water
in watersheds and dams
insufficiency of energy
(electricity) production
from dams
A. Water Resources
2. Flooding Events
poses danger to lives,
human settlements,
and infrastructures (in
terms of landslides
and mudslides)
1. Change in forest ecosystem
(i.e., biochemical cycles)
2. Decrease in biodiversity
(species in threatened /
endangered status,
extinction)
3. Forest fires (warm phase of
El Nio events)
B. Forestry
1. Heat stress in crops and livestock
2. Increased incidence / outbreaks of
pests and diseases (both in plants
and animals)
3. Fish kill, migration of fishes to
cooler and deeper waters
4. Increased soil erosion
C. Agriculture & Fisheries
1. Prevalence of algal
blooms (results to red
tide)
2. Higher storm-surge
flooding
3. Submergence / Inundation
of low-lying areas
D. Coastal Resources
1. Increased incidence /
outbreaks of infections and
diseases
insect- and rodent-borne
(dengue, leptospirosis,
malaria)
Water-borne
(schistosomiasis, cholera)
E. Health
Food-borne (diarrhea,
typhoid)
Respiratory (asthma,
bronchitis)
Heal-related (heatstroke,
dehydration)
2. Malnutrition
(Undernourishment)
Eradicating the root
cause of climate change
1. Carbon sequestration and conservation
Increasing vegetation
2. Use of bioenergy
Cultivation of energy crops (sources of
biofuel)
3. Reduced or changed fertilizer use
Organic fertilizer, instead of chemical fertilizer
4. Anaerobic digestion of wastes
Use of anaerobic digesters
5. Use of renewable energy
Geothermal, wind, water, sun
6. Energy efficiency
wise use of energy sources
Be a climate change
fighter NOW!!!!
http://kidlat.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/cab/climate_change/Climate%20change%20in%20the%20Phi
lippines%20-%20August%2025%202011.pdf
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPHILIPPINES/Resources/WBPhilippineCEACCFINAL.pdf
http://kidlat.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/cab/climate_change/Impacts.html
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/FDES/Philippines_paper.pdf
http://blog.bahaykuboresearch.net/2011/06/22/impact-of-climate-change-in-the-philippines/
http://newssimple.blogspot.com/2011/02/philippines-seventh-most-vulnerable-to.html
http://climatechange.denr.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=64
http://climatechange.denr.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=59:philipp
ines-needs-to-act-vs-climate-change&catid=7:news
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