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2008 Owen W.

Linzmayer 1
The Banknote Update
An Independent Addendum to Krauses
Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Vol. III, 14th Ed.)
Owen W. Linzmayer
Former Editor of the International Bank Note Society Journal
Contains detailed info &
Hundreds of images of
brand new notes &
new note varieties
from over 155 countries

Worl d Paper Money
Large selection of uncirculated banknotes at collector friendly prices.
Free Online Inventory Lists Updated Daily
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Monthly Newsletter With New Additions

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2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 1
Albania (www.bankofalbania.org)
T
he following new banknotes and varieties have been reported
(and also confrmed in almost all cases), but are either not
listed or illustrated in Krauses Standard Catalog of World
Paper Money, Volume III: Modern Issues (14th edition). As such, Te
Banknote Update serves as an independent addendum to the catalog.
Because I am in no way afliated with Krause or the production
of the SCWPM, there is no guarantee that the next edition of the
catalog will include these notes. To stay abreast of new issues, visit
www.banknotenews.com.
Each issue is listed in ascending order by denomination and
includes face value in US dollars, printed date, actual date of issue,
and other available details. More information often can be found by
visiting the web site of the issuing authority.
Face values were obtained at the time of original reporting from
the currency calculator at Bloomberg.com and are rounded to the
nearest fve cents. Keep in mind that exchange rates fuctuate daily,
so these values are approximations only and refect ofcial rates, not
black-market prices, which may be substantially diferent.
As a rule of thumb, you can fgure that most modern
uncirculated notes sell for approximately double face value. Less
expensive notes are typically marked up by a higher percentage, and
more expensive notes carry smaller premiums.
All of the information and images in this document are the result
of painstaking research and a considerable investment in time and
energy. Tese contents are copyrighted and may not be reproduced
without permission.
Te Banknote Update is a work in progress. Te information in
this document is presumed accurate as of May 8, 2009. Corrections
will be made if errors are brought to my attention. Furthermore,
collectors and dealers are encouraged to submit information
(along with 300-dpi color scans of front and back at 100%)
about new issues and varieties. I promise you that any verifable
new information contributed will appear in the next edition.
Furthermore, please share your suggestions for how to improve Te
Banknote Update.
Tank you for your support. May you continue to enjoy this
great hobby of ours!
Owen W. Linzmayer
2227 15th Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94116-1824
United States
owen@banknotenews.com
Abbreviations
= new design or substantial changes worthy of new Pick
number, m/c (multicolored), n/a (not available), ND (no date),
OVI (optical variable ink), QEII (Queen Elizabeth II), UV
(ultraviolet), w/o (without).
Afghanistan (www.centralbank.gov.af)
500 afghanis (US$9.55), SH1383 (2004). Like P71, but new date and new signatures.
1,000 afghanis (US$19.10), SH1383 (2004). Like P72, but new date and new signatures.
Albania (www.bankofalbania.org)
According to an AE News article dated April 14, 2008, citing
the lack of durability of its 100- and 200-lek notes (P62 and P67,
respectively), Albanias central bank (Banka e Shqipris) has
announced it will replace these two smallest denomination notes
with coins by the end of 2008.
500 lek (US$11.25)
Blue. Front: Prime Minister Ismail Qemali; two-headed independence fag; fountain
pen. Back: Desk and chairs in offce where independence declared; telegraph machine
which transmitted declaration; house where event took place. Windowed security thread
with demetalized 500. Watermark: Ismail Qemali and Cornerstones. Printer: TDLR (w/o
imprint). 145 x 68 mm.
a. 2007. Signatures unknown. Introduced
16.02.2009.
1,000 lek (US$11.25)
Green. Front: Writer and priest Pjeter Bogdani; sun. Back: Catholic church in Vau i Dejs;
Bogdanis vision of the heliocentric system. Windowed security thread with demetalized
1000. Watermark: Pjeter Bogdani and Cornerstones. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 151 x
72 mm.
a. 2007. Signatures unknown. Introduced
14.11.2008.
2,000 lek (US$22.50)
Purple. Front: MBRETI GENT (Gentius, last king of Illyria); three ancient coins; coat
of arms. Back: Medicinal plant, gentiana lutea (great yellow gentian, or bitter root);
AMFITEATRI I BUTRINTIT (ancient Butrint amphitheater near Sarand). Hologram.
Windowed security thread with demetalized 2000. Watermark: Gentius and Cornerstones.
Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 160 x 72 mm.
a. 2007. Signatures unknown. Introduced
29.12.2008.
2 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Armenia (www.cba.am)
Armenia (www.cba.am)
10,000 dram (US$32.45)
Like P52, but new date. 150 x 72 mm.
a. 2008. Signature unknown. Introduced 08.05.2008.
20,000 drams (US$64.90)
Like P47, but new date, new signatures, holographic stripe added along left front, artists
palette instead of oval hologram below watermark area, Omron rings, and 20000 in OVI
on back. 155 x 72 mm.
a. 2007. Signatures: Tigran Sargsyan, Chairman;
Vardan Khachatryan, Minister of Finance.
Introduced 15.06.2007.
Australia (www.rba.gov.au)
5 dollars (US$3.30), (20)02, (20)03, (20)05, and (20)06. Like P57, but new dates.
5 dollars (US$3.30), (20)07. Like P57, but new date and new signatures (Glenn R.
Stevens, Governor; Dr. Ken Henry, Secretary To The Treasury).
10 dollars (US$6.65), (20)03 and (20)06. Like P58, but new dates.
10 dollars (US$6.65), (20)07. Like P58, but new date and new signatures (Glenn R.
Stevens, Governor; Dr. Ken Henry, Secretary To The Treasury).
20 dollars (US$13.25), (20)03, (20)05, and (20)06. Like P59, but new dates.
20 dollars (US$13.25), (20)07. Like P59, but new date and new signatures (Glenn R.
Stevens, Governor; Dr. Ken Henry, Secretary To The Treasury).
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 3
Bahamas (www.centralbankbahamas.com)
50 dollars (US$33.15), (20)04, (20)05, and (20)06. Like P60, but new dates.
50 dollars (US$33.15), (20)08. Like P60, but new date and new signatures (Glenn R.
Stevens, Governor; Dr. Ken Henry, Secretary To The Treasury).
100 dollars (US$66.30), (20)08. Like P60, but new date and new signatures (Glenn R.
Stevens, Governor; Dr. Ken Henry, Secretary To The Treasury).
Azerbaijan (www.nba.az)
On June 8, 2007, APA-Economics reported that Elman
Rustamov, chair of the board of the National Bank of Azerbaijan,
announced the bank would issue a new 200-manat (US$242)
banknote (currently the highest denomination is the 100-manat
note), as well as another undisclosed denomination. Furthermore,
he revealed that the 1- and 5-manat notes dated 2005 and issued on
January 1, 2006, would be replaced by coins. Te new 200-manat
note is not expected until 2009 at the earliest.
According to a Trend Capital report dated February 18, 2009,
Te Azerbaijani current banknotes in circulation and money
reserves created on basis of banknotes will not be changed or
replaced in connection with renaming the National Bank of
Azerbaijan into the Central Bank according to the constitutional
amendments, the NBA said. Depending on results of referendum,
changes can be made to banknotes in circulation and new face-
values in case of request. Banknotes in circulation will be legal way
of payment until their circulation term ends, the bank said.
Bahamas (www.centralbankbahamas.com)
1 dollar
Dark green, mint green, and brown. Front: Green foil fsh; Sir Lynden O. Pindling. Back:
Royal Bahamas Police Force Band. Violet-to-green windowed security thread with
demetalized BAHAMAS. Watermark: Pindling and electrotype 1. Printer: OBERTHUR
TECHNOLOGIES. 156 x 67 mm.
a. 2008.
P72: 5 dollars (US$5), 2007. Introduced 17.12.2007. Orange, brown, and blue. Sir Cecil
Wallace-Whitfeld as portrait and watermark. Junkanoo dancers on back. Like P63, but
fourth denomination in CRISP (Counterfeit Resistant Integrated Security Product) family
with larger island names, 3-mm windowed security thread printed BAHAMAS, gold metallic
foil galleon, 5 as electrotype watermark, THECENTRALBANK in microprinting, sand dollar
in OVI, sand dollar as registration device, gold iridescent band with bank logo on back,
signature (Wendy M. Craigg, Governor). Printer: DE LA RUE. 156 x 67 mm.
P74: 20 dollars (US$20), 2006. Introduced 06.09.2006. Charcoal, red, and green. Sir Milo
B. Butler as portrait and watermark. Nassau Harbor in New Providence on back. Like P65,
but second denomination in CRISP (Counterfeit Resistant Integrated Security Product)
family with larger island names, 3-mm windowed security thread printed BAHAMAS, solid
security thread, 20 as latent image, THECENTRALBANK in microprinting, sand dollar in
OVI, sand dollar as registration device, gold iridescent band with sand dollars on back.
Signature (Wendy M. Craigg, GOVERNOR). Printer: FCOF. 156 x 67 mm.
4 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Bahrain (www.cbb.gov.bh)
1 dinar (US$2.65)
Red. Front: Al Hedaya Al Khalifya school building (Bahrains frst school). Back: Sail
monument in Manama City; fve galloping Arabian horses. Windowed green-to-red
StarChrome security thread with CBB repeating. Watermark: King Hamad Bin Isa Al
Khalifa and electrotype denomination. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 154 x 74 mm.
a. (2006). Signature 1. Introduced 17.03.2008.
5 dinars (US$13.25)
Blue. Shaikh Isa House in Muharraq; Riffa Fort. Back: Aluminium Bahrain (Alba) smelter
building; frst oil well in Bahrain near Jebel Dukhan mountain. Windowed green-to-red
StarChrome security thread with CBB repeating. Watermark: King Hamad Bin Isa Al
Khalifa and electrotype denomination. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 154 x 74 mm.
a. (2006). Signature 1. Introduced 17.03.2008.
P75: 50 dollars (US$50), 2006. Introduced 13.12.2006. Orange, brown, and green. Sir
Roland T. Symonette as portrait and watermark, along with 50 as electrotype watermark,
signature (Wendy M. Craigg, GOVERNOR). Bank building and gold iridescent band with
sand dollars on back. Like P75, but third denomination in CRISP (Counterfeit Resistant
Integrated Security Product) family with larger island names, 3-mm windowed security
thread printed BAHAMAS, solid security thread, 50 as latent image, THECENTRALBANK
in microprinting, sand dollar in OVI, and sand dollar as registration device. Printer: FCOF.
156 x 67 mm.
Bahrain (www.cbb.gov.bh)
On March 24, 2008, the Central Bank of Bahrain ofered for
sale 200 special collectors sets of UNC notes with matching serial
numbers in a leather album for BD50 each.
1/2 dinar (US$1.35)
Orange and brown. Front: Old Bahrain Court. Back: Bahrain International Circuit
(motorsport facility) in Sakhir. Windowed green-to-red StarChrome security thread with
CBB repeating. Watermark: King Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa and electrotype denomination.
Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 154 x 74 mm.
a. (2006). Signature 1. Introduced 17.03.2008.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 5
Bangladesh (www.bangladesh-bank.org)
10 dinars (US$26.50)
Green. King Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa. Back: Shaikh Isa Bin Salman Al Khalifa Causeway
bridge. Windowed green-to-red StarChrome security thread with CBB repeating.
Watermark: King Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa as and electrotype denomination. Printer:
TDLR (w/o imprint). 154 x 74 mm.
a. (2006). Signature 1. Introduced 17.03.2008.
20 dinars (US$53.05)
Brown and light blue. Front: King Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa. Back: Al Fateh Islamic Center
in Juffair. Windowed green-to-red StarChrome security thread with CBB repeating.
Watermark: King Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa and electrotype denomination. Printer: TDLR
(w/o imprint). 154 x 74 mm.
a. (2006). Signature 1. Introduced 17.03.2008.
Bangladesh (www.bangladesh-bank.org)
2 taka (US$0.05), 2007. Introduced 27.01.2007. Like P6C, but new date, new signature
(Siddique ur Rehman Chaudhry, Finance Secretary), and windowed security thread. 100
x 60 mm.
2 taka (US$0.05), 2008. Like P6C, but new date, and new signature. 100 x 60 mm.
5 taka (US$0.10), 2006. Like P25, but new date. Reportedly a temporary emergency issue
printed on 100-taka paper due to lack of coinage.
5 taka (US$0.10), 2007. Like P25, but new date and solid security thread with
microprinting.
10 taka (US$0.15), 2006 and 2008. Introduced 21.09.2006. Like P39, but new dates,
reduced size, and new signature (Salehuddin Ahmed, Governor). 123 x 60 mm.
20 taka (US$0.30), 2006. Introduced 13.09.2006. Like P40, but new date, reduced size,
new signature (Salehuddin Ahmed, Governor), denominations hatched in corners, new
guilloch pattern in frame, and security thread windows on front, not back. 127 x 60 mm.
On June 6, 2007, South Asian Media Net reported that
Bangladesh Bank is considering introducing a 50-taka (US$0.70)
polymer banknote within the next couple of months, said
Chowdhury Mohidul Islam, general manager of the currency
management department. Te bank previously issued 48.78
million 10-taka polymer notes in 2000, at a cost of 3.7 taka per
piece, though that experiment was not considered successful. An
Australian company has submitted some samples of polymer notes
which are of higher qualityunlike the previous notes. Printing on
this polymer will not be easily defaced, said Islam.
6 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Barbados (www.centralbank.org.bb)
100 taka (US$1.45), 2006. Introduced 16.07.2006. Like P44, but new date, reduced
size, 3-mm wide security thread, and new signature (Salehuddin Ahmed, Governor). 140
x 62 mm.
500 taka (US$7.25), 2008. Like P45, but new date and new signature (Salehuddin Ahmed,
Governor).
1,000 taka (US$14.60)
Pink. Front: Shaheed Minar (Martyrs monument) of the Language Movement in Dhaka.
Back: Curzon Hall of Dhaka University. Windowed security thread. Watermark: Shapla
(lotus blossom) and electrotype bank logo and denomination. Printer: Security Printing
Corporation, Bangladesh (w/o imprint). 160 x 70 mm.
a. 2008. Signature Salehuddin Ahmed. Introduced
27.10.2008.
Barbados (www.centralbank.org.bb)
Te upgraded notes listed below will circulate with older issues,
which remain legal tender. Te signatory on the new notes remains
Dr. Marion Williams, the present governor.
20 dollars (US$10), ND (2006). Introduced 20.06.2006. Like P63, but new windowed
security thread printed CBB $20.
P66: 2 dollars (US$1), 1 MAY 2007. Introduced 20.08.2007. Like P60, but electrotype
broken trident added to map watermark, windowed security thread with CBB repeating,
numeral in top left corner intaglio printed, Cornerstone watermarks. Printer: DE LA RUE.
P67: 5 dollars (US$2.5), 1 MAY 2007. Introduced 20.08.2007. Like P61, but electrotype
broken trident added to map watermark, windowed security thread with CBB repeating,
numeral in top left corner intaglio printed, Cornerstone watermarks. Printer: DE LA RUE.
P68: 10 dollars (US$5), 1 MAY 2007. Introduced 20.08.2007. Like P62, but electrotype
broken trident added to map watermark, windowed security thread with CBB repeating,
numeral in top left corner intaglio printed, Cornerstone watermarks. Printer: DE LA RUE.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 7
Bermuda (www.bma.bm)
P69: 20 dollars (US$10), 1 MAY 2007. Introduced 20.08.2007. Like P63, but electrotype
Pride of Barbados fower added to map watermark, wide windowed security thread with
CBB repeating, thread fuoresces blue and text fuoresces yellow, numeral in top left corner
intaglio printed, coat of arms and waves near fying fsh fuoresce green and yellow under
UV light, Cornerstone watermarks. Printer: DE LA RUE.
P70: 50 dollars (US$25), 1 MAY 2007. Introduced 20.08.2007. Like P64, but electrotype
Pride of Barbados fower added to map watermark, wide windowed security thread with
CBB repeating, thread fuoresces blue and text fuoresces yellow, numeral in top left corner
intaglio printed, coat of arms and waves near fying fsh fuoresce green and yellow under
UV light, Cornerstone watermarks. Printer: DE LA RUE.
On March 25, 2009, the Central Bank of Barbados announced
it will introduce a new 100-dollar note (US$50) with upgraded
security features on April 20, 2009. With the introduction of this
$100 note we are completing the upgrades process that we began in
2007, explained Julia Weekes, director of banking, currency and
investments at the CBB. Tese features are intended to make the
note more secure and are similar to those currently found in the $20
and $50 notes, she said.
Upgraded security features are:
A small watermark-type image of the Pride of Barbados
fower has been added to the right of the map of Barbados
watermark.
Te windowed security thread is now wider and less refective
than the previous thread, and is demetalized CBB$100.
Under UV light, the thread fuoresces blue and the text
fuoresces yellow.
Te $100 numeral on the top left corner of the note is
signifcantly raised above the surface of the paper, giving the
paper a unique feel. Tis raised numeral will also allow the
denomination to be more easily identifed by the visually
impaired.
Te coat of arms and the waves near the fying fsh in the
centre of the banknote fuoresce green and yellow under UV
light.
In addition to the changes, several of the existing security
features, including the highly refective gold foil dolphin, can still be
found on the upgraded $100 note.
Weekes revealed that the upgraded note will be in simultaneous
circulation with older issues of the $100 note. Both the new
note and those we have issued previously will be legal tender and
completely acceptable as payment for goods and services, she
stated.
Belize (www.centralbank.org.bz)
P67c: 5 dollars (US$2.55), 1st. SEPTEMBER 2007. New date and new signature (Carla
Barnett, FINANCIAL SECRETARY). Printer: DE LA RUE.
P69: 20 dollars (US$10.25), 1st. SEPTEMBER 2007. New date and new signatures.
Printer: DE LA RUE.
P70b: 50 dollars (US$25.65), 1st. NOVEMBER 2006. New date and new signatures
(Sydney Campbell, GOVERNOR; Carla Barnett, FINANCIAL SECRETARY; unknown,
DIRECTOR). Printer: DE LA RUE.
Bermuda (www.bma.bm)
8 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Bermuda (www.bma.bm)
20 dollars (US$20), 24 MAY 2000. Like P53, but does not have silver foil patch on artists
palette at lower left front, and the artwork to the right includes fowers.
50 dollars (US$50), 7 MAY 2007. Like P54, but new date and new signatures (Alan F.
Richardson, CHAIRMAN; Robert Steinhoff, DIRECTOR).
On February 20, 2009, the Bermuda Monetary Authority
(BMA) celebrated 40 years of service, and the island of Bermuda
celebrated the 400th anniversary of its settlement by British explorer
Sir George Somers. Te BMA marked these landmark occasions
by launching the frst complete redesign of Bermudas banknotes
since the Bermuda dollar was issued in 1969. Planning for this
launch commenced in 2005, and the BMA received the permission
and support of the minister of fnance and the cabinet for this new
design in the summer of 2007. Te objectives of the launch are to
update the design of the Bermuda note family, the basic design of
which has been in place since 1969; to provide a distinct Bermuda
design, and clearly distinguish the note family from the designs
of other countries; to provide a sense of national pride and easy
identifcation with the features by the Bermudian public; to combat
counterfeiting by increasing the security features; and to issue notes
that are durable in the islands tropical climate. Te new banknotes
were unveiled on November 24, 2008, and were introduced on
March 9, 2009. Subject to the minister of fnances approval, the
BMA is also planning to issue commemorative note and coin
products celebrating the 400th anniversary of Bermudas settlement.
2 dollars (US$2)
Turquoise. Front (vertical): QEII; bluebird; fowers; butterfy; sail boats. Back (vertical):
Butterfies; compass rose; dockyard clock tower; statue of Neptune. Optiks security
thread. Watermark: Hibiscus fower and electrotype sail boat. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint).
136 x 69 mm.
2 dollars (US$2)
a. 1 JANUARY 2009. Signatures: R. Alan F.
Richardson and E. Barclay Simmons. Introduced
03.09.2009.

5 dollars (US$5)
Pink. Front (vertical): QEII; blue marlin fsh; fowers; dolphin. Back (vertical): Butteries;
bird of paradise ower; Horseshoe Bay beach; boat passing beneath Somerset bridge.
Optiks security thread. Watermark: Hibiscus fower and electrotype sail boat. Printer:
TDLR (w/o imprint). 136 x 69 mm.
a. 1 JANUARY 2009. Signature R. Alan F.
Richardson and unknown. Introduced 03.09.2009.

10 dollars (US$10)
Purple. Front (vertical): QEII; blue angel fsh; coral; sea turtle. Back (vertical): Anchor;
butterfies; ship The Deliverance; cannon; Commissioners House building in Somerset
Parish. Optiks security thread. Watermark: Hibiscus fower and electrotype sail boat.
Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 136 x 69 mm.
a. 1 JANUARY 2009. Signatures: R. Alan F.
Richardson and Lynda Milligan-Whyte.
Introduced 03.09.2009.

2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 9
Bhutan (www.rma.org.bt)
20 dollars (US$20)
Green. Front (vertical): QEII; whistling frog; owers; lizard. Back (vertical): Butterfies;
St. Marks church; Gibbs Hill lighthouse in Southampton Parish. Optiks security thread.
Watermark: Hibiscus fower and electrotype sail boat. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 136 x
69 mm.
a. 1 JANUARY 2009. Signatures: R. Alan F.
Richardson and unknown. Introduced 03.09.2009.

50 dollars (US$50)
Yellow. Front (vertical): QEII; longtail tropic bird; fowers. Back (vertical): Butterfies; St.
Peters church in town of St. George. Optiks security thread. Watermark: Hibiscus fower
and electrotype sail boat. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 136 x 69 mm.
a. 1 JANUARY 2009. Signatures: R. Alan F.
Richardson and unknown. Introduced 03.09.2009.

Shortly after the unveiling of the new note designs, ornithologist David Wingate
complained that the $50 features a red-billed tropicbird instead of a local white-tailed
tropicbird. BMA offcials apologized for the error, but wont change the design because
they feel the red bill of the larger bird looks better against the pale yellow background than
the orange of the local bird.
100 dollars (US$100)
Red. Front (vertical): QEII; Red cardinal bird; owers. Back (vertical): Butterfies; House of
Assembly building in Hamilton; cahow bird. Optiks security thread. Watermark: Hibiscus
fower and electrotype sail boat. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 136 x 69 mm.
a. 1 JANUARY 2009. Signatures: R. Alan F.
Richardson and Robert Steinhoff. Introduced
03.09.2009.

Bhutan (www.rma.org.bt)
27 1 ngultrum (US$0.02)
Blue, red, and green. Front: Dragons. Back: Simtokha Dzong. No security thread.
Watermark: None. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 120 x 60 mm.
a. 2006. Signature 5. Introduced 20.11.2006.
28 5 ngultrum (US$0.10)
Yellow, brown, and red. Front: Birds and embossed cloverleaf. Back: Taktsang. Solid
security thread. Watermark: None. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 125 x 60 mm.
a. 2006. Signature 5. Introduced 20.11.2006.
10 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Bhutan (www.rma.org.bt)
29 10 ngultrum (US$0.20)
Front: Jigme Singye Wangchuck; Dungkar (conch), one of eight good luck symbols.
Back: Paro Rinpung Dzong. Solid security thread. Watermark: Jigme Singye Wangchuck.
Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 125 x 65 mm.
a. 2006. Signature 5. Introduced 2007.
30 20 ngultrum (US$0.45)
Yellow and green. Front: Jigme Singye Wangchuck. Back: Punakha Dzong. Windowed
security thread. Watermark: Unknown. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 130 x 65 mm.
a. 2006. Signature 5. Introduced 20.11.2006.
31 50 ngultrum (US$1.15)
Pink, orange, and green. Front: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. Back: Trongsa
Dzong. Windowed security thread. Watermark: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck.
Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 145 x 70 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 6. Introduced 06.11.2008.
32 100 ngultrum (US$2.30)
Green. Front: Jigme Singye Wangchuck; Norbu Rimpochhe, one of seven auspicious
gems. Back: Tashichho Dzong, dragons in upper corners. Windowed security thread
with demetalized RMA 100. Watermark: Jigme Singye Wangchuck. Printer: TDLR (w/o
imprint). 145 x 70 mm.
a. 2006. Signature 5. Introduced 2007.
33 500 ngultrum (US$11.60)
Pink, orange, and green. Front: King Jigme Singye Wangchuk with crown. Back: Punakha
Dzong. Windowed security thread with demetalized RMA 100. Watermark: King Jigme
Singye Wangchuk. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 155 x 70 mm.
a. 2006. Signature 5. Introduced 20.11.2006.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 11
Botswana (www.bankofbotswana.bw
1,000 ngultrum (US$23.20)
Yellow. Front: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck with crown. Back: Tashichho Dzong.
Windowed security thread with demetalized RMA 1000. Watermark: Jigme Khesar
Namgyel Wangchuck. Printer: G&D (w/o imprint). 165 x 70 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 6. Introduced 06.11.2008.
Bolivia (www.bcb.gov.bo)
20 bolivianos (US$2.70), L.1986. Like P229, but new signatures (Ral Garrn Claure,
PRESIDENT a.i. BCB; Eduardo Pardo, GERENTE GENERAL BCB). Printer: F. C.
OBERTHUR.
100 bolivianos (US$13.25), L.1986 (2007). Like P231, but series H, new signatures (Ral
Garrn Claure, PRESIDENT a.i. BCB; Eduardo Pardo, GERENTE GENERAL BCB), and
windowed security thread with demetalized 100BCB repeating. Printer: F. C. OBERTHUR.
Bosnia-Herzegovina
IBNS member Tomas Augustsson reported 50-, 100-, 150-,
and 200-dinara uniface notes all dated 11.03.1993 with handstamps
and overprints on Yugoslavia National Bank (Narodna Banka
Jugoslavije) currency cheques. He has heard that these were used by
the Bosnian Armed forces in the Tulza region.
Tomas Augustsson also reported the following notes and
believes the values to be about the same as for the already listed
handstamped Yugoslav notes BiH 1 and 2. He says, It is very scarce
to ever fnd any excellent grades as even XF.
100 dinara, 1990 (1992). Like Yugoslavia P105, but with blue Tuzla branch 27-mm
handstamp.
500 dinara, 1990 (1992). Like Yugoslavia P109, but with blue Tuzla branch 27-mm
handstamp.
1,000 dinara, 1990 (1992). Like Yugoslavia P110, but with blue Tuzla branch 27-mm
handstamp.
500,000 dinara, 24.08.93. Like BiH P14, but with black Donji Vakuf branch stamp and short
red zeros added to denomination. Also exists dated 15.10.93 with Zenica stamp.
500,000 dinara, 24.12.93. Like BiH P14, but with purple Travnik branch stamp Zenica and
tall red zeros added to denomination.
1,000,000 dinara, 1989 (1992). Like Yugoslavia P99, but with blue Tuzla branch 27-mm
handstamp. The Yugoslav 1,000,000-dinara note dated 1989 (P99) is exactly the same as
the 100-dinara note dated 1990 (P105), except for the denomination, since the currency
reform in 1990 lopped off four zeros, meaning the above note had the same face value as
the new 100-dinara note.
50 convertible marka (US$40.20), 2008. Like P67, but new date, new signature (Kemel
Kozari, GUVERNER), and windowed security thread.
100 convertible marka (US$80.45), 2008. Like P70, but new date, new signature (Kemel
Kozari, GUVERNER), windowed security thread, and larger gold diamond on central
rosette on front.
Botswana (www.bankofbotswana.bw
10 pula (US$1.70), 2007. Like P24, but new date. Printer: DE LA RUE.
20 pula (US$3.25), 2006. Like P25, but new date. Printer: FRANOIS-CHARLES
OBERTHUR FIDUCIAIRE.
12 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Brazil (www.bcb.gov.br)
P27: 50 pula (US$8.45), 2005. Introduced mid-March 2006. Like P22 with enhanced
security features: additional intaglio printing, silver dual-image hologram alternates
between 50 and a kingfsher, 50 and rearing zebra as main watermark and Cornerstone
watermarks in each corner, red-to-green StarChrome windowed security thread printed
BOB 50. Serial number at right is now vertical. Beige and green on m/c underprint.
President Seretse Khama (1921 - 1980) at left, malachite kingfsher at center, arms on
right. Man in canoe, fsh-eagle, and Okavango Delta on back. Printer: DE LA RUE.
100 pula (US$17.10), 2005. Like P26, but new date. Printer: DE LA RUE.
Brazil (www.bcb.gov.br)
2 reais (US$0.85), ND. Like P249, but new signatures (Guido Mantega, MINISTRO DA
FAZENDA; Henrique Meirelles, PRESCENTE DO BANCO CENTRAL DO BRASIL).
100 reais (US$41.85), ND. Like P247, but new signatures (Guido Mantega, MINISTRO DA
FAZENDA; Henrique Meirelles, PRESCENTE DO BANCO CENTRAL DO BRASIL).
Brunei (www.fnance.gov.bn/bcb/bcb_index.htm)
1 ringgit (US$0.70), 2007. Introduced 27.09.2007. Like P22, but new date. Polymer.
Printer: NPA (w/o imprint).
Tis 20-dollar note commemorates the 40
th
anniversary of
the Currency Interchangeability Agreement between Brunei and
Singapore.
20 dollar (US$14.70)
Orange. Front: Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah; ipomoea pes-capre, plant that symbolizes the
treaty. Back: Singapores esplanade and buildings along the citys waterfront; the Sultan
Omar Ali Saifuddien mosque; Royal Barge; water village. No security thread. Watermark:
Sultan and HB. Printer: NPA (w/o imprint). 149 x 72 mm. Polymer.
a. 2007. Signature 3. Introduced 27.06.2007.
as. Specimen.
Tese notes commemorate the 40
th
anniversary of the Currency
Interchangeability Agreement between Brunei and Singapore. A
total of 12,000 overprinted sets of Singapore and Brunei notes
bearing matching serial numbers and BND/SGD prefxes were sold
for S$88 (US$60).
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 13
Bulgaria (www.bnb.bg)
NP2 20 dollar (US$14.70) and 20 dollars (US$13.95) Issued UNC
a. Brown 40TH ANNIvERSARy CURRENCy
INTERCHANGEABILITy AGREEMENT overprint on Brunei
note and red 40th Anniversary Currency Interchangeability
Agreement overprint on Singapore note. Introduced
27.06.2007.
60.00
as. Specimen.
500 dollar (US$367)
Orange. Front: Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin III; java tea (misai kucing) fowers. Back: Omar
Ali Saifuddin mosque in Bandar Seri Begawan; lagoon; Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah
Foundation (Yayasan) building. No security thread. Watermark: Sultan. Printer: NPA (w/o
imprint). 175 x 80 mm. Polymer.
a. 2006. Signature 3. Introduced 28.12.2006.
as. Specimen.
1,000 dollar (US$734)
Light green, brown, deep pink. Front: Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Muizzaddin Waddaulah;
akar bilaran (merremia borneensis) fower. Back: Ministry of Finance building in Bandar
Seri Begawan. No security thread. Watermark: Sultan. Printer: NPA (w/o imprint). 166 x 76
mm. Polymer.
a. 2006. Signature 3. Introduced 21.06.2007.
as. Specimen.
10,000 dollar (US$7,344)
Green and brown. Front: Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah; pangarus timun dendang
(passifora foetida) fower. Back: Legislative Council (Parliament) building in Bandar Seri
Begawan. No security thread. Watermark: Sultan. Printer: NPA (w/o imprint). 181 x 90
mm. Polymer.
a. 2006. Signature 3. Introduced 28.12.2006.
as. Specimen.
Bulgaria (www.bnb.bg)
14 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Burundi (www.brb.bi)
2 leva (US$1.40), 2005. Like P115, but new date, new signatures, and series B. 116 x 64
mm.
On November 11, 2007, Tsvetan Manchev, deputy governor
of the Bulgarian National Bank, told Focus News Agency, that by
the second half of 2008 the bank will introduce a revised BGN10
note followed by a new BGN5 note. On December 8, 2008, the
Bulgarian National Bank (BNB) issued a revised 10-lev (US$6.50)
note similar to the existing 1999 note (Pick 117), but with new
date, signatures, and security features, including a red-to-green
windowed security thread with demetalized text, watermark and
electrotype bank initials, latent image, and UV elements.
20 leva (US$14.95), 2007. Introduced 12.11.2007. Like P118, but new date, new
signatures, windowed security thread, denomination as latent image, eagle as red/green
fuorescent image, and BNB electrotype watermark. 131 x 73 mm.
P122: 50 leva (US$36.90), 2006. Introduced 03.07.2006. Series B, new signatures, and
new security features, including latent image of 50.
Burundi (www.brb.bi)
50 francs (US$0.05), 01-05-2006. Like P36, but new date and new signatures. 140 x 67
mm.
100 francs (US$0.10), 01-10-2007. Like P37, but new date and new signatures. 150 x 70
mm.
500 francs (US$0.40), 01-10-2007. Like P38, but new date and new signatures. 160 x 73
mm.
1,000 francs (US$0.90), 01-05-2006. Like P39, but new date and new signatures. 170 x
76 mm.
Te Central Bank of Burundi issue new 2,000- and 5,000-franc
notes on April 7, 2009. Te new notes are said to be impossible to
forge. Te existing notes of these denominations will remain legal
tender until September 30, 2009. Te basic designs of the new notes
is unchanged, but they are physically smaller (140 x 71 mm for the
Fr2,000 and 145 x 73 mm for the Fr5,000) and use Cornerstone
watermarks, revealing that they are printed by De La Rue. Te
banks governor, Gaspard Sindayigaya, said that the nations smaller
denominations notes could also be reissued.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 15
Canada (www.bankofcanada.ca)
2,000 francs (US$1.60)
Green and blue. Front: Holographic cattle head patch; coat of arms; boys picking tea
leaves in feld. Back: Lake. Windowed security thread with demetalized BRB. Watermark:
Cattle and Cornerstones. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 140 x 71 mm.
a. 01-12-2008. Signature TK. Introduced
07.04.2009.

5,000 francs (US$4.05)
Olive green and violet. Front: Holographic cattle head patch; coat of arms; modern
building. Back: Ships, cranes, and building on a dock. Windowed security thread with
demetalized BRB. Watermark: Cattle. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 145 x 73 mm.
a. 01-12-2008. Signature TK. Introduced
07.04.2009.

Cambodia (www.nbc.org.kh)
1,000 riels (US$0.25), 2007. Like P58, but new date. 138 x 64 mm.
2,000 riels (US$0.50)
Green, black, and yellow. Front: Portal at Preah Vihear Temple. Back: Farmers harvesting
rice; palm trees; Angkor Wat. Solid security thread with demetalized *NBC*. Watermark:
Bayon sculpture. Printer: Unknown. 146 x 68 mm.
a. 2007. Signatures (Chea Chanto, Governor; Tha
Yao, General Cashier). Introduced 03.01.2008.

as. Specimen.
20,000 riels (US$4.90)
Violet and purple. Front: Five-headed dragon; King Norodom Sihamoni. Back: Aerial view
of Angkor Thom; four-faced Buddha in Bayon temple. Holographic stripe. Solid security
thread with demetalized *NBC*. Watermark: Bayon sculpture. Printer: Unknown. 155 x 72
mm.
a. 2008. Signatures (Chea Chanto, Governor; Tha
Yao, General Cashier). Introduced 12.05.2008.

as. Specimen.
Canada (www.bankofcanada.ca)
16 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Cape Verde (www.bcv.cv)
P101A: 5 dollars (US$4.05), 2006. Introduced 15.11.2006. Like P101, but new date, new
signatures (P. Jenkins, SENIOR DEPUTY GOVERNOR; and D.A. Dodge, GOVERNOR),
and additional security features, including metallic holographic stripe, watermark portrait,
windowed color-shifting security thread, registration device, and enhanced fuorescence
under UV light. Gone are the iridescent maple leaves and latent image of the denomination
that appear on P101. To increase its durability, the upgraded $5 note is printed on a slightly
heavier paper and is coated with a protective varnish.
5 dollars (US$4.05), 2008. Like P101A, but new date.
20 dollars (US$16.30), 2008. Like P103, but new date.
50 dollars (US$40.75), 2008. Like P104, but new date.
On February 6, 2007, the Bank of Canada announced that
it plans to issue the next generation of banknotes in 2011 in an
attempt to stay ahead of counterfeiters.
On October 4, 2007, the directors of the Bank of Canada
announced the appointment of Mark Carney as governor for a
seven-year term, efective February 1, 2008. Carney succeeds David
Dodge. On October 11, 2007, the bank also announced that its
deputy governor, Tif Macklem, has been appointed Canadas
associate deputy minister of fnance, efective November 1, 2007.
Te bank began recruiting a replacement for Macklem in January
2008. Since Canadian banknotes carry the signatures of the banks
governor and deputy governor, collectors can expect a new signature
combination as a result of these personnel changes.
Cape Verde (www.bcv.cv)
500 escudos (US$6.15), 25 de Fevereiro de 2007. Green, yellow, and red. Chemist
Roberto Duarte Silva as portrait and watermark, chemical symbols, registration device,
novel serial numbers, signatures (Carlos Augusto de Burgo, O Governador; Dr. Manuel
Pinto Frederico, O Administrador). Trapiches - Ilha de Santa Anto (sugar cane press
island of Santa Anto) on back. Vertical format. Printer: FCOF. 130 x 65 mm. Also available
in a specimen variety.
1,000 escudos (US$12.85), 25 de Setembro de 2007. Purple, blue, green, and yellow.
Vertical orientation. Writer and professor Antnio Aurlio Gonalves as watermark and
portrait, surrounded by medallion made of dragon tree leaves. Landscape of Chanzinha on
the island of So Nicolau, including a dragon tree, on back. Inkwell as registration device
and hologram, invisible fbers fuoresce under UV light, novel serial numbers, signatures
(Carlos Augusto de Burgo, O Governador; Dr. Manuel Pinto Frederico, O Administrador).
Designed by architect rico Verssimo. Vertical format. Also available in a specimen
variety.
Cayman Islands (www.cimoney.com.ky)
In late-2005 the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority began
issuing a modifed series of notes, including all denominations
with the exception of the $50. Tese new notes feature De La Rues
Cornerstone watermarks for enhanced durability and security,
as well as new signatures (Kenneth Jeferson, FINANCIAL
SECRETARY; Cindy Scotland, MANAGING DIRECTOR).
50 dollars (US$61), 2003. Introduced 02.01.2007. Like P32a, but new C/2 prefx starting at
000001. Previous C/1 prefx spanned 500001 to 1000000. Printer: DE LA RUE.
Chile (www.bcentral.cl)
According to a Reuters news item dated March 24, 2008, El
Banco Central de Chile plans to issue a new family of notes to
commemorate 200 years of independence. According to a La
Tecera report dated December 19, 2008, the frst of the new family
of notes will be introduced in the second semester of 2009, with
subsequent denominations issued over the course of two years.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 17
Colombia (www.banrep.gov.co)
Te new family will have the same denominations and feature the
same personages as the existing family, but with diferent sizes and
improved security features. Furthermore, three denominations will
be printed on polymer and two on paper.
1,000 pesos (US$2.10), 2006. Like P154, but new date, new signatures (Vittorio Corbo
Lioi, PRESIDENTE; Leonardo Hernndez Tagle, GERENTE GENERAL), and sorting bar
at lower left front.
2,000 pesos (US$3.85), 2007. Like P160, but new date and new signatures (Vittorio Corbo
Lioi, PRESIDENTE; Alejandro Zurbuchen Silva, GERENTE GENERAL). Polymer.
5,000 pesos (US$9.65), 2006. Like P155, but new date, new signatures (Vittorio Corbo
Lioi, PRESIDENTE; Leonardo Hernndez Tagle, GERENTE GENERAL), and two
horizontal sorting bars in lower left front.
5,000 pesos (US$11.60), 2007. Like P155, but new date, new signatures (Vittorio Corbo
Lioi, PRESIDENTE; Alejandro Zurbuchen Silva, GERENTE GENERAL), and two horizontal
sorting bars in lower left front.
10,000 pesos (US$21.20), 2006. Like P157, but new date, new signatures (Vittorio Corbo
Lioi, PRESIDENTE; Leonardo Hernndez Tagle, GERENTE GENERAL), and sorting bars
at lower left front.
20,000 pesos (US$42.35), 2006. Like P159, but new date and new signatures (Vittorio
Corbo Lioi, PRESIDENTE; Leonardo Hernndez Tagle, GERENTE GENERAL).
China (www.pbc.gov.cn)
10 yuan (US$1.45), 2008. The PBOC introduced six million notes on 08.07.2008 to
commemorate the Beijing Olympic Games. Cyan. Front: National Stadium (Birds Nest),
games emblem, Temple of Heaven, and coat of arms. Back: Greek marble statue of
discus-thrower, Discobolus; athletes (runners, high jumper, gymnast, soccer players).
Watermark: 10 and Games of XXIX Olympiad in Chinese. 148.5 x 72 mm. Existing 10-
yuan notes to continue circulating.
Colombia (www.banrep.gov.co)
P456: 1,000 pesos (US$0.45), 1 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 2005 (introduced 17.11.2006), 31
DE ENERO DE 2006 (introduced 20.03.2007), and 1o DE FEBRERO DE 2006. Like P450,
but new dates, new signatures, and smaller size. 130 x 65 mm.
1,000 pesos (US$0.45), 20 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 2006. Like P456, but new date.
18 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Comoros (www.bancecom.com)
P457: 2,000 pesos (US$0.90), 7 DE MARZO DE 2005 (introduced 17.11.2006) and 2 DE
FEBRERO DE 2006. Like P451, but new dates, new signatures, and smaller size. 130 x
65 mm.
2,000 pesos (US$0.90), 20 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 2006. Like P457, but new date.
5,000 pesos (US$2.25), 2 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 2005 (introduced 26.03.2007) and 4 DE
FEBRERO DE 2006. Like P452, but new dates and new signatures.
10,000 pesos (US$4.50), 21 DE FEBRERO DE 2004 and 16 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 2006.
Like P453, but new dates.
20,000 pesos (US$8.95), 20 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 2006. Like P454, but new date.
50,000 pesos (US$22.40), 20 DE JULIO DE 2005, 23 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 2006, and 24
DE NOVIEMBRE DE 2006. Like P455, but new dates.
On December 2, 2008, the Banco de la Repblica de Colombia
announced that it would issue a 100,000-peso note in mid-2009
to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birthday of 30th
president of the republic, Carlos Lleras Restrepo, who held ofce
1966-1970. Te note will be the largest denomination in Colombia,
with a face value of approximately US$43.
According to an article in Colombia Reports dated April 16,
2009, the government of Colombia is considering changing its
high-denomination banknotes in an attempt to fush out money
earned by organized crime. In a recent senate debate, Senator
Guillermo Garca suggested requiring the public to exchange old
50,000-peso notes for newly-designed ones, a move which he hopes
would unearth vast quanities of illegally gained money currently
hidden by criminal groups.
Comoros (www.bancecom.com)
P15: 500 francs (US$1.50), 2006. Introduced September 2006. Pink, blue, green, and m/c.
Lemur at center. Flowers on back. Solid security thread, registration device, microprinting,
crescent moon with 4 stars and BCC watermark.
P19: 5,000 francs (US$14.70), 2006. President Djohr on front. Tree, shore, and nautilus
on back. Security thread, Omron rings, holographic stripe, crescent moon with 4 stars and
BCC watermark, and registration device.
P20: 10,000 francs (US$29.45), 2006. Introduced September 2006. Yellow, vanilla, and
m/c. Friday mosque in Moroni at left, Al-Habib Seyyid O. Bin Sumeit at center. Cananga
tree ylang-ylang fowers and turtle on back. Solid security thread, thick metallic band,
registration device, microprinting, crescent moon with 4 stars and BCC watermark.
Costa Rica (www.bccr.f.cr)
2,000 colones (US$4.05), 9 de abril de 2003. Like P265, but new date, new signatures
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 19
Cuba (www.bc.gov.cu)
(unknown, PRESIDENTE; unknown, GERENTE), and DIRECTIVA N 8. Printer:
FRANOIS-CHARLES OBERTHUR.
2,000 colones (US$4.05), 14 de setiembre de 2005. Like P265, but new date, new
signatures (unknown, PRESIDENTE; unknown, GERENTE), and DIRECTIVA N 7. Printer:
FRANOIS-CHARLES OBERTHUR.
10,000 colones (US$19.25), 27 de setiembre de 2004 and 14 de setiembre de 2005. Like
P267, but new date and new signatures (unknown, PRESIDENTE; unknown, GERENTE).
Te Banco Central de Costa Rica plans to issue new 20,000-
and 50,000-colon (US$40 and US$100, respectively) notes in
October 2008, to be followed by new notes of all other existing
denominations in 2010. Te new notes will have unspecifed
features to aid the blind in distinguishing between denominations.
Cuba (www.bc.gov.cu)
1 peso (US$0.05), 2003. Like P121, but new date, green series letters, and yellow
underprint missing on back.
1 peso (US$0.05), 2005 and 2007. Like P124, but new dates.
5 pesos (US$0.20), 2004 and 2006. Like P116, but new dates.
20 pesos (US$20), 2006. Like P118, but new date, low-vision dots in upper right, and lower
serial number now to right of signature, not in border.
50 pesos (US$50), 2005 and 2007. Like P121A, but new dates.
100 peso (US$100), 2004. Like P121B, but new colors, placement of serial numbers, and
dots in upper right-hand corner.
20 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Czech Republic (www.cnb.cz)
10 convertible pesos (US$10), 2005. Like PFX45, but new date.
On 18.12.2006, the Banco Central de Cuba issued the following
new convertible peso notes. Te front of each denomination
remains similar to the previous family, but instead of the national
shield which had appeared on the back, the new notes have
individualized designs. Furthermore, an electrotype watermark of
the denomination has been added to the watermark portrait of Jos
Mart and BCC appears as a latent image.
PFX46: 1 convertible peso (US$1), 2006. Dark green, tan, and yellow. Front like PFX37,
with monument to Jos Mart in Havana. Death of Jos Mart in combat atop horse at
Battle of Dos Rios on back. 150 x 70 mm.
PFX47: 3 convertible pesos (US$3), 2006. Red, pink, and light green. Front like PFX38,
with monument to Ernesto Che Guevara in Santa Clara. Battle of Santa Clara: tank,
derailed train, and soldiers with grenade, machine gun, and rife on back. 150 x 70 mm.
PFX48: 5 convertible pesos (US$5), 2006. Green, orange, and yellow. Front like PFX44,
with monument to Antonio Maceo in Havana. Protesta de Baragu: Cuban general Antonio
Maceo Grajales and Spanish captain general Arsenio Martnez de Campos y Antn in
hammocks on back. 150 x 70 mm.
PFX49: 10 convertible pesos (US$10), 2006. Brown, blue, and green. Front like PFX45,
with monument to Mximo Gmez in Havana. Revolution Energetica: electric power plant,
pick-up truck, and linesman on back. 150 x 70 mm.
PFX50: 20 convertible pesos (US$20), 2006. Dark blue, light blue, and yellow/green.
Front like PFX41, with monument to Camilo Cienfuegos. Operation Miracle: eye doctors
performing surgery and passengers deplaning a jet on back. 150 x 70 mm.
PFX51: 50 convertible pesos (US$50), 2006. Purple, orange, and yellow. Front like PFX42,
with monument to Calixto Garca in Havana. Marchers carrying fags and banners that
read Trincheras de Ideas Valen Mas Que Trinchera De Piedra and La Batalla de Ideas
on back. 150 x 70 mm.
PFX52: 100 convertible pesos (US$100), 2006. Red, orange, and bright yellow. Front
like PFX43, with monument to Carlos Manuel de Cspedes. Bolivarian Alternative for the
Americas (ALBA): satellite dish, map, woman and man reading, oil refnery on back. 150
x 70 mm.
Czech Republic (www.cnb.cz)
On December 1, 2008, the Czech National Bank announced it is
preparing to issue a new version of the 500 CZK banknote in April
2009. Te new note contains new or improved protective elements
(for example, a watermark, a protective strip, optically variable ink).
Te technical innovations of the banknote under preparation are
the same as those in the new versions of the 1,000 CZK and 2,000
CZK banknotes. Te aim of the new versions of the three most used
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 21
Dominican Republic (www.bancentral.gov.do)
banknotes is to better protect the banknotes against counterfeiting
and to help the public to distinguish between genuine and
counterfeit banknotes.
1,000 korun (US$60.65), 2008. Introduced 01.04.2008. Like P15, but new date, new
signature (Tma, GUVERNER), and many additional security features, including bichrome
patterned iridescent strip of overlapping gold and blue, Omron rings, 1000 and linden leaf
added as electrotype watermark, 3.0-mm windowed puce-to-green security thread with
hatched NB 1000 K, and additional UV features. Designer: Oldich Kulhnek. Printer:
State Printing Offce, Prague. 158 x 74 mm.
2,000 korun (US$93.65), 2007. Introduced 02.07.2007. Like P22, but new date, new
signature (Tma, GUVERNER), and many additional security features, including bichrome
patterned iridescent strip of overlapping gold and blue, series other than A and B, Omron
rings, 2000 and small ornament added as electrotype watermark, 3-mm windowed puce-
to-green security thread with hatched NB 2000 K, and additional UV features. Printer:
State Printing Offce, Prague. 164 x 74 mm.
Democratic Republic of the Congo (www.bcc.cd)
According to a Le Potential report dated December 23, 2008,
the Banque Centrale du Congo intends to issue new high-
denomination1,000 to 20,000 francsnotes in the frst half
of 2009. At present the largest note is a 500-franc note (Pick 96)
worth approximately US$1. A 20,000-franc note would be worth
US$40.

Denmark (www.nationalbanken.dk)
On May 17, 2007, Danmarks Nationalbank announced that
the new Danish banknote series will be based on the draft proposal
by Karin Birgitte Lund that was chosen from among the eight
draft proposals published in January 2007. According to Governor
Torben Nielsen, In her draft proposal, Karin Birgitte Lund shows
bridges as links, not only between various parts of Denmark, but
also between the past and the present. Te proposal has splendid
naturalist qualities, and her fne line and classical expression are well
suited for the future banknotes.
Djibouti (www.banque-centrale.dj)
2,000 francs (US$11.35)
Blue. Front: Camel caravan; young girl. Back: Statue with spear and shield; government
building. Solid security thread. Watermark: Coat of arms and electrotype BCD. 160 x 80
mm.
a. No date. Signature unknown. Introduced August
2008.
Dominican Republic (www.bancentral.gov.do)
22 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
East Caribbean States (www.eccb-centralbank.org)
50 pesos oro (US$1.55), 2006. Like P170, but new date, new signatures, non-novel
horizontal serial numbers, no watermark, and ClearText security thread instead of
windowed thread. Printer: DE LA RUE.
50 pesos oro (US$1.55), 2008. Like above, but new date, new background pattern, and
new imprint. Printer: OBERTHUR TECHNOLOGIES.
100 pesos oro (US$3.15), 2006. Like P171, but new date, new signatures, non-novel
horizontal serial numbers, and ClearText security thread instead of windowed thread.
Printer: DE LA RUE.
200 pesos (US$5.95), 2007. Introduced October 2007. Magenta and gray. Portrait of
three Mirabal sisters on front. Mirabal monument, tree, and national fag on back. Printer:
DE LA RUE. First-ever RD$200 denomination.
500 pesos oro (US$15.15), 2004 and 2006. Like P172, but new dates and new signatures.
Printer: DE LA RUE.
1,000 pesos oro (US$30.25), 2006. Like P173, but new date. Printer: DE LA RUE.
2,000 pesos oro (US$60.50), 2006. Like P174, but new date.
East Caribbean States (www.eccb-centralbank.org)
According to a press release dated March 31, 2008, Te Eastern
Caribbean Central Bank is advising the public that upgraded
EC notes of all denominations will be put into circulation from
1 April 2008. Te upgraded notes do not bear the barcodes or
country codes which form part of the serial number on current
notes. Additionally, the fsh in the area where the barcodes were,
are made more prominent by intaglio ink and the serial numbers
on the upgraded notes have two alpha characters instead of one as
on previous issues of EC notes. All other existing security features
remain unchanged: Tese are the see-through feature, security
threads, watermark of Queen Elizabeth II, electrotype which reads
ECCB, intaglio over foil which shows the denomination, silver
metallic fuorescence and the iridescent print. Te current notes in
circulation will continue to be legal tender, and will be replaced in
the normal way, through wear and tear, over time.
5 dollars (US$1.90)
Like P42, but no barcodes nor country codes, enhanced intaglio printing, serial numbers
with two alpha characters, and Cornerstone watermarks. Printer: DE LA RUE.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 23
Egypt (www.cbe.org.eg)
5 dollars (US$1.90)
a. No date. Signature: K. Dwight Venner, Governor.
Introduced 01.04.2008.
10 dollars (US$3.80)
Like P43, but no barcodes nor country codes, enhanced intaglio printing, serial numbers
with two alpha characters, and Cornerstone watermarks. Printer: DE LA RUE.
a. No date. Signature: K. Dwight Venner, Governor.
Introduced 01.04.2008.
20 dollars (US$7.65)
Like P44, but no barcodes nor country codes, enhanced intaglio printing, serial numbers
with two alpha characters, and Cornerstone watermarks. Printer: DE LA RUE.
a. No date. Signature: K. Dwight Venner, Governor.
Introduced 01.04.2008.
50 dollars (US$19.10)
Like P45, but no barcodes nor country codes, enhanced intaglio printing, serial numbers
with two alpha characters, and Cornerstone watermarks. Printer: DE LA RUE.
a. No date. Signature: K. Dwight Venner, Governor.
Introduced 01.04.2008.
100 dollars (US$38.25)
Like P46, but no barcodes nor country codes, enhanced intaglio printing, serial numbers
with two alpha characters, and Cornerstone watermarks. Printer: DE LA RUE.
a. No date. Signature: K. Dwight Venner, Governor.
Introduced 01.04.2008.
Egypt (www.cbe.org.eg)
25 piastres (US$0.05), // (2004/8/3), // (2005/10/31),
// (2006/9/24), and // (2007/6/11). Like P57, but new
dates.
50 piastres (US$0.10), (923084 = 23.08.1994), // (2005/5/12),
// (2005/7/21), and // (2007/6/21). Like P62, but new
dates.
24 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Estonia (www.bankofestonia.info)
1 pound (US$0.20), // (2005/1/4), // (2006/3/5),
// (2007/1/31), and // (2007/3/25). Like P50, but new
dates. Signature 22: Farouk Abdel Baky El Okda II.
5 pounds (US$0.90), // (2006/9/5). Like P63, but new date.
10 pounds (US$1.80), // (2006/11/22). Like P64, but new date.
20 pounds (US$3.50), // (2006/1/26) and // (2006/8/14).
Like P65, but new dates and signature 22.
50 pounds (US$8.85), // (2007/4/16) and // (2008/3/3). Like
P66, but new dates and new signature.
100 pounds (US$18.25), // (2006/4/18), // (2006/6/4),
and // (2007/6/13). Like P67, but new dates and new signature (Farouk
Aloukda).
P68: 200 pounds (US$36.50), // (2007/4/3). Introduced 07.05.2007. The
Mosque of Qani Bay 908 H (1503), scribe watermark along and electrotype denomination,
signature 21b (Farouk El Okdah, Governor), 1.5-mm solid security thread, 3-mm windowed
security thread, Omron rings, OVI circle in upper left, 200 as latent image and registration
device. The Seated Scribe 5
th
Dynasty on back. 175 x 80 mm.
According to a 13.11.2006, article in Te Daily Star, Farouq
Al-Oqda, chairman of the Central Bank of Egypt, said that a
500-pound (US$91.20) note will accompany July 23rd celebrations
in 2007. Low-value notes like the 5- and 10-piaster have been
informally abolished. Te state didnt directly cause these little
banknotes to diminish; but peoples attitudes did. For example,
we always neglect the 5-piaster change as if it is no longer of any
value, explains Dr. Hoda Zakaria, professor of political sociology at
Zaqaziq University.
Estonia (www.bankofestonia.info)
2 krooni (US$0.20), 2006. Introduced 03.01.2007. Like P70, but new date, new signatures
(Andres Lipstok, PRESIDENT; Mart Srg, NOUKOGU ESIMEES), and K. E. von Baer as
watermark. Printer: Giesecke & Devrient (w/o imprint). 140 x 69 mm.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 25
Ethiopia (www.nbe.gov.et)
10 krooni (US$1), 2006. Introduced 30.01.2007. Front like P77, but new date, new
signatures (Andres Lipstok, PRESIDENT; Mart Srg, NOUKOGU ESIMEES), Jakob Hurt
as watermark, tactile feature for visually impaired in the lower right, and serial numbers
now on back. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 140 x 69 mm.
10 krooni (US$1), 2008. 30,000 notes introduced in special folder with 1-kroon coin
for EEK200 (US$19.95) on 20.06.2008, to commemorate the 90th anniversary of the
Republic of Estonia and the 16th anniversary of the re-introduction of the kroon. Front: Girl
in national costume holding sheaves of wheat based upon design by Gnther Reindorff
for 1928 EEK10 (P63), but new date, new signatures (Andres Lipstok, PRESIDENT;
Mart Srg, NOUKOGU ESIMEES), plus watermark and registration device at right. Back:
Designed by Vladimir Taiger; depicts Tamme-Lauri oak at Urvaste and coat of arms.
Security features include 90th anniversary logo as watermark, 1918 and 2008 as latent
images, intaglio printing, microtext, and fuorescent ink. 140 x 69 mm.
25 krooni (US$2.50), 2007. Introduced 26.06.2008. Like P84, but new date, new
signatures (Andres Lipstok, President; Mart Srg, Nukogu esimees), and rectangle
with denomination in UV ink moved from front to back. Printer: Gieseke & Devrient (w/o
imprint). 140 x 69 mm.
100 krooni (US$10), 2007. Introduced 10.01.2008. Like P82, but new date, new signatures
(Andres Lipstok, President; Mart Srg, Nukogu esimees), wider (2 mm vs. 1.2 mm)
security thread fuoresces blue under UV light, and rectangle with denomination in UV ink
moved from front to back. Printer: Gieseke & Devrient (w/o imprint) 140 x 69 mm.
500 krooni (US$50.25), 2007. Introduced 26.06.2008. Like P83, but new date, new
signatures (Andres Lipstok, President; Mart Srg, Nukogu esimees), and rectangle
with denomination in UV ink moved from front to back. Printer: Gieseke & Devrient (w/o
imprint). 140 x 69 mm.
Ethiopia (www.nbe.gov.et)
According to an Addis Fortune article dated July 14, 2008, the
National Bank of Ethiopia (NBE) has awarded Gieseck & Deverient
and De La Rue multi-million dollars contracts to print various
notes of the Ethiopian birr totalling a little over 1.1 billion birr. Te
printing of 10-, 50-, and 100-birr notes will be done by G&D, at
a cost of close to 50 million dollars. Te remaining denominations
of one and fve birr were awarded to De La Rue, which is to be paid
over 16 million dollars. DLR had been the banks favored printer
until the arrival of Dubale Jale as governor in 1995. G&D took
the job up until 2004, at which time Francois-Charles Oberthur
Fiduciarie (FCOF) won a contract to print four billion worth of birr
notes.
1 birr (US$0.10), 2006. Like P46, but new date.
26 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Falkland Islands (www.falklands.gov.fk)
5 birr (US$0.55), 2006. Like P47, but new date.
10 birr (US$1.10), 2006. Like P48, but new date.
50 birr (US$5.60), 2006. Like P51, but new date.
100 birr (US$11.25), 2006. Like P52, but new date.
Falkland Islands (www.falklands.gov.fk)
P17: 5 pounds (US$10.45), 14
TH
JUNE 2005. B prefx, no commemorative legend, and
new title of Commissioners of Currency below new signatures (Derek Howatt, Peter Kink,
and Moira C. Eccles). 145 x 75 mm.
Fiji Islands (www.reservebank.gov.fj)
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 27
Fiji Islands (www.reservebank.gov.fj)
P109a: 2 dollars (US$1.25), ND (2007). Introduced 10.04.2007. Green. QEII and Mohar
on front. Schoolchildren in Korobasabasaga on back. Watermark of the Fijian head and
electrotype denomination, Cornerstone watermarks, registration device, Fiji latent image,
novel serial numbers, and 3-mm windowed security thread. Printer: De La Rue (w/o
imprint). 131 x 67 mm.
P110a: 5 dollars (US$3.10), ND (2007). Introduced 10.04.2007. Brown. Katoni Masima on
front. Crested Iguana, Balaka Palm, and Masiratu on back. Watermark of the Fijian head
and electrotype denomination, Cornerstone watermarks, registration device, Fiji latent
image, novel serial numbers, and 3-mm windowed security thread. Printer: De La Rue (w/o
imprint). 136 x 67 mm.
P111a: 10 dollars (US$6.20), ND (2007). Introduced 10.04.2007. Purple. i Buburau ni Bete
and foil star on front. Joskes Thumb and Grand Pacifc Hotel on back. Watermark of the
Fijian head and electrotype denomination, Cornerstone watermarks, registration device,
Fiji latent image, novel serial numbers, and 3-mm windowed security thread. Printer: De La
Rue (w/o imprint). 141 x 67 mm.
P112a: 20 dollars (US$12.40), ND (2007). Introduced 10.04.2007. Blue. Foa and
holographic fan on front. Fish processing, cutting lumber, mining, train, and Mt.
Uluinabukelevu on back. Watermark of the Fijian head and electrotype denomination,
Cornerstone watermarks, registration device, Fiji latent image, novel serial numbers, and
3-mm windowed security thread. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 146 x 67 mm.
P113a: 50 dollars (US$31.05), ND (2007). Introduced 10.04.2007. Orange. Wasekaseka
and holographic turtle on front. Nine men, Tubetube, and Yaqona Vakaturaga on back.
Watermark of the Fijian head and electrotype denomination, Cornerstone watermarks,
registration device, Fiji latent image, novel serial numbers, and 3-mm windowed security
thread. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 151 x 67 mm.
P114a: 100 dollars (US$62.10), ND (2007). Introduced 10.04.2007. Yellow. Buli Kula and
18-mm Optiks security thread with clear window on front (no windowed security thread).
Two women singers, man with guitar, map of 180 meridian, two snorklers, sailing ship,
28 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
French Pacifc Territories
and fsh on back. Watermark of the Fijian head and electrotype denomination, Cornerstone
watermarks, registration device, Fiji latent image, novel serial numbers, and Optiks security
thread. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 156 x 67 mm.
French Pacifc Territories
500 francs (US$6.20), ND (2003-). Like P1, but new signatures (Severino, LE DIRECTEUR
GNRAL; Jean Paul Redouin, LE PRSIDENT DU CONSEIL DE SURVEILLANCE; T.
Cornaille, LE DIRECTEUR).
1,000 francs (US$12.40), ND (2002-). Like P2, but new signatures (Severino, LE
DIRECTEUR GNRAL; Jean Paul Redouin, LE PRSIDENT DU CONSEIL DE
SURVEILLANCE; Teyssere, LE DIRECTEUR).
1,000 francs (US$12.35), ND (2003-). Like P2, but new signatures (Severino, LE
DIRECTEUR GNRAL; Jean Paul Redouin, LE PRSIDENT DU CONSEIL DE
SURVEILLANCE; T. Cornaille, LE DIRECTEUR).
5,000 francs (US$62), ND (2002-). Like P3, but new signatures (Severino, LE DIRECTEUR
GNRAL; Jean Paul Redouin, LE PRSIDENT DU CONSEIL DE SURVEILLANCE;
Teyssere, LE DIRECTEUR).
10,000 francs (US$124), ND (2003-). Like P4, but new signatures (Severino, LE
DIRECTEUR GNRAL; Jean Paul Redouin, LE PRSIDENT DU CONSEIL DE
SURVEILLANCE; T. Cornaille, LE DIRECTEUR).
Gambia (www.cbg.gm)
On July 27, 2006, the Central Bank of Te Gambia issued a
new series of notes with images similar to the preceding series, but
with improvements in the design, paper thickness, and security
features. Most noticeably, the old white borders have been removed.
Furthermore, the D5 and D10 are coated with a special varnish to
extend circulation life. Finally, the security features of the D100
have been upgraded by the inclusion of a silver foil on the front of
the note with the image of 100 embossed into the foil.
25 5 dalasis (US$0.20)
Red. Front: Giant kingfsher bird; young Gambian girl. Back: Man with cattle in feld; palm
trees. Solid security thread. Watermark: Crocodile head. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 132
x 69 mm.
a. No date. Signature 15. Introduced 27.07.2006.
26 10 dalasis (US$0.40)
Green. Front: Sacred ibis bird; Gambian boy. Back: Central Bank of the Gambia
headquarters building in Banjul. Solid security thread. Watermark: Crocodile head. Printer:
TDLR (w/o imprint). 138 x 72 mm.
a. No date. Signature 15. Introduced 27.07.2006.
27 25 dalasis (US$0.95)
Blue. Front: Carmine bee eater; Gambian man. Back: State House. Solid security thread.
Watermark: Crocodile head. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 144 x 75 mm.
a. No date. Signature 15. Introduced 27.07.2006.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 29
Georgia (www.nbg.gov.ge)
28 50 dalasis (US$1.90)
Purple. Front: Hoopoe bird; Gambian woman. Back: 8th century Senegambian stone
circles at Wassu. Solid security thread. Watermark: Crocodile head. Printer: TDLR (w/o
imprint). 150 x 78 mm.
a. No date. Signature 15. Introduced 27.07.2006.
29 100 dalasis (US$3.75)
Green, brown, and blue. Front: Holographic patch; Senegal parrot; Gambian man. Back:
Tree; Arch 22 monument in Banjul (memorial of 1994 coup dtat). Solid security thread.
Watermark: Crocodile head. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 156 x 81 mm.
a. No date. Signature 15. Introduced 27.07.2006.
Georgia (www.nbg.gov.ge)
1 lari (US$0.70), 2007 and 2008. Like P68, but new dates and new signatures as below.
115 x 61 mm.
5 lari (US$3.55), 2008. Introduced 21.07.2008. Like P70, but new date and new
signatures. 115 x 61 mm.
10 lari (US$7.10), 2007 and 2008. Like P71, but new date and new signatures. 125 x 63
mm.
20 lari (US$14.25), 2008. Introduced 21.07.2008. Like P72, but new date and new
signatures. 131 x 65 mm.
50 lari (US$30), 2008. Like P73, but new date and new signatures. 135 x 66 mm.
Dr. Walter Schlebusch, director of Giesecke & Devrient, claims
the new GEL 200 is one of the most secure banknotes in the world.
Several exclusive technological novelties are used in the banknote.
According to Report (1/2007), G&D has equipped the notes
worth about 90 euros with a number of security features: PEAK,
FITmedal and LOOK. PEAK (Printed and Embossed Anticopy
Key) is a combination of printing and embossing techniques: the
three-dimensional design and the ultra-fne structures, which lend
themselves well to detection by touch, are a difcult hurdle for
forgers to surmount. FITmedal (Fine Intaglio Technology) is a
top-quality, steel-engraved security feature in the form of a three-
dimensional medal. Tis cannot be copied, but is easily detectable
with the naked eye. LOOK (Laser Originated Optical Key) shows
laser-induced efects in the substrate, print color, foil, and varnish.
Tis is the frst time that [LOOK] has been used on a banknote that
is in daily circulation.
In Abkhazia, this note is regarded as a provocation against the
autonomous republic because the back depicts the Abkhaz capital,
Sukhumi. Furthermore, the portrait is an afront to Russia since
Cholokashvili was a famous Georgian partisan fghter against the
USSR Red Army during the 1920s.
P75: 200 lari (US$118.75), 2006. Introduced 15.04.2007. Front: Kakutsa Cholokashvili as
portrait. Back: Breakaway capital and Sokhumi, Abkhaz in Abkhaz, English, and Georgian.
Printer: Giesecke & Devrient (w/o imprint). Designers: Bachana and Nodar Malazonia. 146
x 72 mm.
30 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Ghana (www.bog.gov.gh)
Ghana (www.bog.gov.gh)
5,000 cedis (US$0.50), 4
TH
AUGUST 2006. Like P34, but new date.
10,000 cedis (US$1.05), 4
TH
AUGUST 2006. Like P35, but new date. Signature remains Dr.
Paul A. Acquah, GOVERNOR.
Te following new family of notes was issued on July 1, 2007.
Te new Ghana cedi is worth 10,000 old cedis. On the front they
all feature a conjoined portrait of the Big Six: Kwame Nkrumah,
Ebenezer Ako Adjei, Edward Akufo-Addo, Joseph Boakye Danquah,
Emmanuel Odarkwei Obetsebi-Lamptey, and William Ofori Atta.
All denominations are also available as specimen notes.
1 cedi (US$1.10)
Red. Front: Freedom and Justice arch in Independence Square; Kwame Nkrumah;
Ebenezer Ako Adjei; Edward Akufo-Addo; Joseph Boakye Danquah; Emmanuel Odarkwei
Obetsebi-Lamptey; William Ofori Atta. Back: Akosombo Dam. Windowed security
thread with demetalized GHANA 1. Watermark: Tetteh Quarshie and cocoa pod. Printer:
Unknown. 137 x 65 mm.
a. 1st JULY 2007. Signature: Dr. Paul Acquah.
5 cedis (US$5.40)
Blue. Front: Freedom and Justice arch in Independence Square; Kwame Nkrumah;
Ebenezer Ako Adjei; Edward Akufo-Addo; Joseph Boakye Danquah; Emmanuel Odarkwei
Obetsebi-Lamptey; William Ofori Atta. Back: University of Ghana; tower; buildings;
sculpture. Windowed security thread with demetalized GHANA 5. Watermark: Tetteh
Quarshie and cocoa pod. Printer: Unknown. 141 x 68 mm.
a. 1st JULY 2007. Signature: Dr. Paul Acquah.
10 cedis (US$10.80)
Green. Front: Freedom and Justice arch in Independence Square; Kwame Nkrumah;
Ebenezer Ako Adjei; Edward Akufo-Addo; Joseph Boakye Danquah; Emmanuel Odarkwei
Obetsebi-Lamptey; William Ofori Atta. Back: Bank of Ghana headquarters buildings.
Holographic patch. Windowed security thread with demetalized GHANA 10. Watermark:
Tetteh Quarshie and cocoa pod. Printer: Unknown. 145 x 71 mm.
a. 1st JULY 2007. Signature: Dr. Paul Acquah.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 31
Guatemala (www.banguat.gob.gt)
20 cedis (US$21.55)
Purple. Front: Freedom and Justice arch in Independence Square; Kwame Nkrumah;
Ebenezer Ako Adjei; Edward Akufo-Addo; Joseph Boakye Danquah; Emmanuel Odarkwei
Obetsebi-Lamptey; William Ofori Atta. Back: Supreme Court building. Holographic patch.
Red-to-green windowed security thread with demetalized GHANA 20. Watermark: Tetteh
Quarshie and cocoa pod. Printer: Unknown. 149 x 74 mm.
a. 1st JULY 2007. Signature: Dr. Paul Acquah.
50 cedis (US$41.95)
Brown. Front: Freedom and Justice arch in Independence Square; Kwame Nkrumah;
Ebenezer Ako Adjei; Edward Akufo-Addo; Joseph Boakye Danquah; Emmanuel Odarkwei
Obetsebi-Lamptey; William Ofori Atta. Back: Christianborg Castle (seat of government)
building. Holographic patch. Red-to-green windowed security thread with demetalized
GHANA 50. Watermark: Tetteh Quarshie and cocoa pod. Printer: Unknown. 153 x 77 mm.
a. 1st JULY 2007. Signature: Dr. Paul Acquah.
Gibraltar
Gibraltar has issued 10, 20, and 50 notes (P32-34) dated
1
ST
DECEMBER 2006 with a new signature (Tim Bristow,
FINANCIAL AND DEVELOPMENT SECRETARY).
Great Britain (www.bankofengland.co.uk)
20 pounds (US$41.80), 2006. Introduced 13.03.2007. Bright purple. Series F. QEII
portrait on front. Portrait of economist Adam Smith and illustration of The division of
labour in pin manufacturing on back. Holographic stripe, registration device, additional
intaglio printing, improved watermark, more UV features, signature (Andrew Bailey, CHIEF
CASHIER). 149 x 80 mm.
Guatemala (www.banguat.gob.gt)
1 quetzal (US$0.15), 20 DE DICIEMBRE DE 2006. Introduced 20.08.2007. Green.
General Jos Mara Orellana portrait on front. Banco de Guatelmala building on back. Like
P99, but polymer with transparen0t window embossed with bank logo, new date, and new
signatures (Carlos Rafael Garcia, GERENTE GENERAL; Maria Antonieta Del Cid Navas
de Bonilla, PRESIDENTA). Printer: CANADIAN BANK NOTE. Polymer. 60 million notes
introduced over two years.
5 quetzales (US$0.65), 22 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 2006. Like P106, but new date. Printer: F.
C. OBERTHUR.
32 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Guernsey
10 quetzales (US$1.30), 25 DE AGOSTO DE 2006. Like P107, but new date. Printer:
CBN.
50 quetzales (US$6.50), 22 ENERO 1992. Like P84, but new date.
100 quetzales (US$13.10), 25 DE AGOSTO DE 2006. Like P104, but new date and new
signatures. Printer: GIESECKE & DEVRIENT.
100 quetzales (US$13.10), 24 DE ENERO DE 2007. Like P104, but new date, new
signatures (Manuel Augusto Alonzo Araujo, GERENTE GENERAL; Maria Antonieta
Del Cid Navas de Bonilla, PRESIDENTA), and and electrotype denomination added to
watermark. Printer: GIESECKE & DEVRIENT.
According to an elPeriodico article dated April 18, 2008,
Guatemalas parliament has authorized 200-, 500-, and
1,000-quetzale notes to be issued in 2009.
Te aqua-colored Q200 will be dedicated to marimba, with
portraits of German Alcntara, Mariano Valverde, and Sebastin
Hurtado on the front and an allegory of their work on the back.
Te gray-colored Q500 will be dedicated to national literature, with
a portrait of poet, novelist, and diplomat Miguel ngel Asturias
on the front, and an illustration of the Mayan sacred text Popol
Vuh on the back. Te ocher-color Q1,000 will be dedicated to the
patrimony of Guatemala, with an illustration of the faces of the
diferent cultures in the country on the front.
Guernsey
Te title of treasurer has been abolished in favor of the term
chief accountant. Although Treasury Minister Lyndon Trott says the
move will not afect the validity of existing banknotes signed by the
treasurer, its likely that revised notes will be issued with the new
title once existing supplies are exhausted. Te new chief accountant
is Bethan Haines, who worked for almost a decade in operations
and was previously deputy director of fnance.
5 pounds (US$7.25), no date. Like P56, but with windowed security thread. Introduced
2008.
Guinea (www.bcrg.gov.gn)
P39: 500 francs (US$0.15), 2006.Like P36, but new date, Cornerstone watermarks, solid
security thread, full bleed color (no white borders), and smaller size. Printer: De La Rue
(w/o imprint). 133 x 63 mm.
P40: 1,000 francs (US$0.25), 2006. Like P37, but new date, Cornerstone watermarks, and
smaller size. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint).139 x 68 mm.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 33
Guyana (www.bankofguyana.org.gy)
P41: 5,000 francs (US$1.20), 2006. Like P38, but new date and smaller size. 151 x 76
mm.
10,000 francs (US$2.05)
Green, blue, and brown. Front: Young girl; coat of arms; three shells and pineapple.
Back: Field with trees; Lady of Maali rock formation on Mount Loura. 3-mm red-to-
green windowed security thread with demetalized 10000 GNF. Watermark: Young girl,
electrotype RG, and Cornerstones. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 153 x 78 mm.
a. 2007. Signature 4 (unknown and Aboubakar
Kagbe Toure). Introduced 11.06.2007.
10,000 francs (US$2.05)
Green, blue, and brown. Front: Young girl; coat of arms; three shells and pineapple.
Back: Field with trees; Lady of Maali rock formation on Mount Loura. 3-mm red-to-
green windowed security thread with demetalized 10000 GNF. Watermark: Young girl,
electrotype RG, and Cornerstones. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 153 x 78 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 4 (unknown and Aboubakar
Kagbe Toure).
This note is very similar to 2007 type, but with subtle changes to the design on both sides.
Its expected that Guinea will issue a new 50,000-franc note
(US$12), the nations largest denomination.
Gulf Cooperation Council (www.gcc-sg.org)
Te Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), consisting of six Arab
statesBahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United
Arab Emiratesplans to issue a unifed currency in 2010.
Guyana (www.bankofguyana.org.gy)
20 dollars (US$0.10), ND (2005). Like P34, but new signatures #13 (Dolly Sursattie Singh
(ag); Saisnarine Kowlessar, MINISTER OF FINANCE).
Tis 100-note is similar to the preceding issue of the same
denomination, except the design has been slightly modifed with
larger numerals for the denomination in the upper left front corner,
a diferent screen trap background pattern, and shortened printer
imprint. Both notes now have designs that extend to the borders
and watermarks that include an electrotype map of Guyana.
34 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Haiti (www.brh.net)
100 dollars (US$0.50)
Blue. Front: Bank logo; map. Back: St. Georges Cathedral in Georgetown. Windowed
security thread with demetalized GUyANA. Watermark: Red Macaw parrot head and
electrotype map. Printer: DE LA RUE. 156 x 65 mm.
a. No date. Signature 13. Introduced 29.03.2006. FV FV 4.00
as. Specimen.
1,000 dollars (US$4.85)
Lilac and purple. Front: Bank logo; map; holographic crest patch. Back: Bank of Guyana
building in Georgetown; palm trees; cannon. Magenta-to-green windowed security thread
with demetalized GUyANA 1000. Watermark: Red Macaw parrot head and electrotype
map. Printer: DE LA RUE. 156 x 65 mm.
a. No date. Signature 13. Introduced 29.03.2006.
Haiti (www.brh.net)
10 gourdes (US$0.25), 2006. Like P265, but new date.
20 gourdes (US$0.50), 2001. Introduced December 2007. Like commemorative P271,
but legal tender, straight black serial numbers, silver foils around center wreath, and silver
holographic strip at right.
25 gourdes (US$0.65), 2006. Like P266, but new date. Printer: DE LA RUE.
500 gourdes (US$13.10), 2007. Like P277, but new date and new signatures (Raymond
Magloire, GOUVERNEUR; Philippe W. Lahens, GOUVERNEUR ADJOINT; Charles Castel,
DIRECTEUR GENERAL).
1,000 gourdes (US$26.15), 2007. Like P278, but new date and names removed above
signatures. Printer: DE LA RUE.
Honduras (www.bch.hn)
1 lempira (US$0.05), 13 DE JULIO DE 2006. Like P84, but new date and new signatures
with names above titles (GABRIELA NEZ DE REYES, PRESIDENTA; GERMN E.
AMRTEL BELTRN, GERENTE; REBECA P. SANTOS, SECRETARIA DE FINANZAS).
2 lempiras (US$0.10), 13 DE JULIO DE 2006. Like P80A, but new date and new
signatures with names above titles (GABRIELA NEZ DE REYES, PRESIDENTA;
GERMN E. AMRTEL BELTRN, GERENTE; REBECA P. SANTOS, SECRETARIA DE
FINANZAS).
5 lempiras (US$0.25), 13 DE JULIO DE 2006. Like P85, but new date and new signatures
with names above titles (GABRIELA NEZ DE REYES, PRESIDENTA; GERMN E.
AMRTEL BELTRN, GERENTE; REBECA P. SANTOS, SECRETARIA DE FINANZAS).
10 lempiras (US$0.50), 26 DE AGOSTO DE 2004. Like P86, but new date and new
signature for SECRETARIO DE FINANZAS: William Chong Wong.
20 lempiras (US$1.05), 26 DE AGOSTO DE 2004. Brown, purple, light blue, and
yellow. Dionisio de Herrera at right, arms at left. Casa Presidencial on back. Signatures
(Mara Elena Mondragn de Villar, PRESIDENTA; unknown, GERENTE; William Chong
Wong, SECRETARIO DE FINANZAS), serial numbers fuoresce yellow under UV light,
BANCOCENTRALDEHONDURAS in microprinting, 20 as latent image, Mayan fgure
registration device, and embedded blue silk fbers. Printer: GIESECKE & DEVRIENT. 156
x 68 mm.
20 lempira (US$1.05), 13 DE JULIO DE 2006. Like the note dated 26 DE AGOSTO DE
2004, but new date, new signatures with printed names (GABRIELA NUNEZ DE REYES,
PRESIDENTA; GERMAN E. MARTEL BELTRN, GERENTE; REBECA P. SANTOS,
SECRETARIA DE FINANZAS). Printer: DE LA RUE.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 35
Hong Kong (www.info.gov.hk)
50 lempiras (US$2.65), 26 DE AGOSTO DE 2004. Light blue and yellow. Bank building
at right, Juan Manuel Galvez D. as portrait and watermark. Bank headquarters on back.
Signatures (Mara Elena Mondragn de Villar, PRESIDENTA; unknown, GERENTE;
William Chong Wong, SECRETARIO DE FINANZAS), serial numbers fuoresce yellow
under UV light, BANCOCENTRALDEHONDURAS in microprinting, 50 as latent image and
registration device, security thread printed BANTRAL 50, and embedded blue silk fbers.
Printer: GIESECKE & DEVRIENT. 156 x 68 mm.
50 lempiras (US$2.65), 13 DE JULIO DE 2006. Like H50 dated 26 DE AGOSTO DE
2004, but new date and new signatures with names above titles (GABRIELA NEZ
DE REYES, PRESIDENTA; GERMN E. AMRTEL BELTRN, GERENTE; REBECA P.
SANTOS, SECRETARIA DE FINANZAS).
500 lempiras (US$26.45), 26 DE AGOSTO DE 2004. Like P78, but new date and new
signatures (Mara Elena Mondragn de Villar, PRESIDENTA; unknown, GERENTE;
William Chong Wong, SECRETARIO DE FINANZAS).
Hong Kong (www.info.gov.hk)
Financial Secretary Henry Tang said that 50 million polymer $10
notes will be gradually placed into circulation, and the government
will consider issuing other denominations as polymer notes if the
new $10 is accepted by the public.
P401: 10 dollars (US$1.30), 1st APRIL 2007. Introduced 09.07.2007, to commemorate the
10th anniversary of Hong Kongs return to China that took place on 01.07.1997. Like P400,
but new date, new signatures (Henry Tang Ying-yen, FINANCIAL SECRETARY; Joseph
Yam Chi-kwong, MONETARY AUTHORITY), larger tactile denomination in corners, see-
through window with numeral 10, watermark-like image of bauhinia fower in clear window,
watermark-like image of numeral 10, ribbon printed in pink-to-purple OVI, iridescent band
with bauhinia fower and HK10 moved to center of note. Rearing horse as registration
device, denomination as latent image. Polymer. 133 x 66 mm.
10 dollars (US$1.30), 1st OCTOBER 2007. Like P401, but new date and new signatures
(John Tsang Chun-wah, FINANCIAL SECRETARY; Joseph Yam Chi-kwong, MONETARY
AUTHORITY). Polymer. 133 x 66 mm.
20 dollars (US$2.55), 1 JANUARY 2007. Like P207, but new date.
20 dollars (US$2.55), 1st JANUARY 2007. Like P335, but new date.
Te following note is available as a single note in a booklet
for HK$138, in a sheet of four for HK$338, a full sheet of 35
for HK$1,388, paired with an old-style note for HK$268, and a
sheet of four paired with old notes for HK$868. Te money raised
from the sale (after deducting face value and costs) will be donated
to charity, with a portion set aside for local sports development.
Although the notes will be legal tender in Hong Kong, they are not
intended to be used in the local economy, and are being sold at a
higher cost than their actual value.
36 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Hungary (www.mnb.hu)
20 dollars (US$2.55)
Purple. Front: Bank of China building; Beijing Olympics emblem; ancient column detail.
Back: Beijing Olympic Stadium (Birds Nest); Chinese lucky clouds; bauhinia fower.
Windowed security thread. Watermark: Unknown. Printer: Unknown. 143 x 71.5 mm.
a. 1st JANUARY 2008. Signature: unknown. 4
million notes introduced 16.07.2008.
50 dollars (US$6.40), 1 JANUARY 2007. Like P208, but new date.
1,000 dollars (US$128.30), 1 JANUARY 2007. Like P210, but new date.
Hungary (www.mnb.hu)
On June 23, 2008, the central banks governor, Andrs Simor,
announced that Hungarys Monetary Council has decided to replace
the 200-forint (US$1.30) note with a coin in the frst half of 2009.
Te notes will remain legal tender until 2010.
500 forint (US$2.30), 2008. Like P188, but new date and new signatures (Dr. Karvalits
Ferenc; Simor Andrs; Dr. Kirly Jlia).
500 forint (US$2.15), 2008. Like Pick 194, but new date, new signatures, and Omron rings
added to front and back in watermark feld. The 500-forint notes dated 2008 without Omron
rings were issued bearing prefxes EA, EB, EC, ED. It appears the bank is resetting the
prefxes back to EA for the newer issues.
1,000 forint (US$4.60), 2007. Like P189, but new date and new signatures (Dr. Karvalits
Ferenc; Simor Andrs; Dr. Kirly Jlia).
1,000 forint (US$4.60), 2008. Like P189, but new date and new signatures (Dr. Karvalits
Ferenc; Simor Andrs; Dr. Kirly Jlia).
1,000 forint (US$4.30), 2009. Like Pick 195, but new date, new signatures, Omron rings
added to front and back in watermark feld, black serial numbers instead of red ones, and a
silver-holographic security thread instead of a golden-holographic one.
Supposedly the higher-denomination notes will also soon be revised with the addition of
Omron rings.
India (www.rbi.org.in)
On June 30, 2007, the Times of India reported that the Reserve
Bank of India plans to issue one million polymer 10-rupee notes in
a pilot project.
On August 28, 2008, Redif News reported that the RBI has
quietly put into operation withdrawal of the notes in a phased
manner, starting with Rs 500 denomination notes of the 1996
series since January. Also, notes of Rs 100 and Rs 10 denomination
that are of prior to 1996 series are being withdrawn since July. Te
following is the timetable from when some currency notes will be
phased out: Rs 500 of 2000 series starting January 2009, Rs 100
of 1996 series from July 2009, Rs 50 prior to 1996 from January
2009, 1996 series from July 2009, Rs 20 prior to 2000 from
January 2009 and 2000 series from July 2009 and Rs 10 notes of
1996 from January 2009.
P95: 10 rupees (US$0.25), 2006. Like P89, but new date, new signature (Dr. Y. V. Reddy,
Governor), and w/o inset letter.
10 rupees (US$0.25), 2007. Like P95, but new date, new signature (Dr. Y. V. Reddy,
Governor), and available with inset letters A, L, and R.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 37
Indonesia (www.bi.go.id)
10 rupees (US$0.25), 2008. Like P95, but new date, new signature (Dr. Y. V. Reddy,
Governor), and inset letter S.
P96: 20 rupees (US$0.50), 2006 and 2007. Like P89A, but new dates, new signature (Dr.
Y. V. Reddy, Governor), and w/o inset letter.
P96: 20 rupees (US$0.50), 2007. Like P89A, but new date, new signature (Dr. Y. V. Reddy,
Governor), and with inset letter R.
50 rupees (US$1.20), 2005. Like P90, but new date, new signature (Dr. Y. V. Reddy,
Governor). Available with inset letter R and w/o inset letter.
100 rupees (US$2.50), 2006. Like P91, but new date, new signature (Dr. Y. V. Reddy,
Governor), and inset letter E. Available with inset letters E, L, and w/o inset letter.
100 rupees (US$2.50), 2007. Like P91, but new date, new signature (Dr. Y. V. Reddy,
Governor). Available with inset letter E and w/o inset letter.
500 rupees (US$12.20), 2006 and 2007. Like P93, but new dates, new signature (Dr. Y. V.
Reddy, Governor). Available with inset letter R and w/o inset letter.
1,000 rupees (US$25.20), 2007. Like P94, but w/o inset letter, plus signature of Dr. Y. V.
Reddy, governor.
Te Reserve Bank of India will soon introduce revised banknotes
in the denominations of 5, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 rupees. Te
notes will be identical to the current Mahatma Gandhi series, but
will bear the signature of the new bank governor, Dr. D. Subbarao.
Notes of the current series will remain legal tender.
Indonesia (www.bi.go.id)
According to an article in Te Jakarta Post dated March 3,
2008, Bank Indonesia (BI) is set to issue a 2,000-rupiah banknote
(US$0.22) and 1,000-rupiah coin in the second semester of this
year. BI has decided to issue a new banknote and coin after
considering peoples needs, as well as costs for making banknotes,
said BI Deputy Governor Budi Rochadi. Te 2,000-rupiah
note will be the countrys smallest denomination note once the
existing 1,000-rupiah note (Pick 141) is replaced by a coin. Te
new banknote and coin will employ braille making them more
convenient for blind people. BI is preparing new designs and
security systems to discourage counterfeiters. Te last time BI issued
revised banknotes was in 2005, when it released new 50,000- and
100,000-rupiah notes (Pick 144).
According to a TempoInteractive article dated September 18,
2008, BI has postponed the printing of 2,000-rupiah notes and
38 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Iran (www.cbi.ir)
delayed plans to drop the 1,000-rupiah note for a coin. BI had
planned to print 600,000 of the new 2,000-rupiah notes in July
2008, but now expects to wait until the end of 2008. It is not easy
to get this kind of paper, explained Deputy Governor Budi Rohadi.
According to a TempoInteractive article dated December 19,
2008, Bank Indonesia (BI) has yet again postponed the printing
of 2,000-rupiah notes. Junino Jahja, executive-director of Perum
Peruri, the state-owned banknote printing company, said his ofce
will print 2,000-rupiah notes in 2009, for issuance by BI in 2009.
We are still waiting for Bank Indonesias decision on when to print
the banknotes, including the design and everything, said Junino,
who also indicated that BI now plans to issue 1,000-rupiah notes,
apparently reversing plans to replace that denomination with a coin.
1,000 rupiah (US$0.10), 2000/2006 and 2000/2008. Like P141, but new dates.
5,000 rupiah (US$0.55), 2001/2006 and 2001/2008. Like P142, but new dates.
P143: 10,000 rupiah (US$1.10), 2005/2005, 2005/2006, and 2005/2008.
20,000 rupiah (US$2.20), 2004/2006 and 2004/2008. Like P144, but new dates.
50,000 rupiah (US$5.50), 2005/2005 and 2005/2007. Like P145, but new dates.
100,000 rupiah (US$10.90), 2004/2007. Like P146, but new date.
Iran (www.cbi.ir)
With double-digit infation, there have been rumors that Iran
would revalue the rial. However, in late December 2007, the
Ministry of Economy issued a statement asserting that it has not
made a decision on whether to remove three zeros of banknotes.
Te recent report circulated by the media is only a proposal made
by some MPs, which the ministry is considering, and it is highly
unlikely that parliament would approve the plan. However, in
August 2008, Governor Tahmasb Mazaheri said that the Central
Bank of Iran was reviewing whether to lop 3 or 4 zeros of the
Iranian rial to introduce a new currency.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 39
Iran (www.cbi.ir)
According to an article in Iran Daily dated February 5, 2008,
Irans deputy economy minister for banking afairs, Seyyed Hamid
Pour-Mohammadi, said the Central Bank of Iran is planning to
print 100,000-rial banknotes (US$10.80). At present, the highest
denomination is the 50,000-rial note issued on March 12, 2007.
According to a Reuters report dated February 22, 2009, the
Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran plans to issue a new
banknote and coin with images of Omid, Irans frst domestically-
produced research and telecommunications satellite, which was
launched into space on February 3.
In order to commemorate its achievements in space sciences the
government has given permission to the central bank to use pictures
of the Omid satellite and its rocket launcher on both bank notes
and coins, the Abrar newspaper said. State radio said the central
bank would issue such notes and coins without giving detail on
when and in which denomination.
1,000 rials (US$0.10), ND. Like P143, but new signature 32: Ebrahim Sheibani and Safdar
Hosseini (large version).
2,000 rials (US$0.20)
Pink and dark yellow. Front: Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Back: Kaaba at the Holy
Mosque in Mecca. Microprinted solid security thread. Watermark: Khomeini. 150 x 72 mm.
a. No date. Signature: Davood Danesh Djafari and
Tahmasb Mazaheri. Introduced 25.09.2008.
10,000 rials (US$1.10), ND. Like P146, but new signature.
P149: 50,000 rials (US$5.40), ND (2007). Introduced 12.03.2007. Orange and
yellow. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini as portrait and watermark along and electrotype
denomination. Map of Persian Gulf with electrons orbiting an atom, and a legend (in
Arabic) from Prophet Mohammed: If the science exists in this constellation, men from
Persia will reach it, on back. 2.5-mm windowed security thread and registration device.
166 x 79 mm.
50,000 rials (US$5.40), ND (2007). Like P149, but new signatures (Mazaheri and Danesh
Jafari).
In August 2008, the central bank issued new cheques, which
it claims are not banknotes although they are legal tender just as
if they were. Tey were introduced to replace the array of high-
denomination promissory notes which private banks had been
issuing to enable their customers to carry out large transactions and
which are now banned as the central bank has moved to reassert
control over the money supply.
40 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Iraq (www.cbiraq.org)
500,000 rials (US$51.90)
Dark pink and brown. Front: Main gate of Imam Reza Holy Shrine in Mashhad. Back:
Calligraphic text; Islamic design of fower. 2.5-mm microprinted windowed security thread.
Watermark: Hakim Aboul-ghasem Ferdowsi. 160 x 75 mm.
a. No date. Signature: CBI president, Tahmasb
Mazaheri. Introduced 16.08.2008.
1,000,000 rials (US$104)
Light blue and light brown. Front: Tachar Palace-Perspolis ruins in Shiraz. Back:
Calligraphic text; Islamic design of fower. 2.5-mm microprinted windowed security thread.
Watermark: Hakim Aboul-ghasem Ferdowsi and electrotype denomination. 160 x 75 mm.
a. No date. Signature: CBI president, Tahmasb
Mazaheri. Introduced 23.08.2008.
2,000,000 rials (US$208)
Green. Front: Karoun 3 dam and power-plant complex in Khouzestan province. Back:
Geometric design. Windowed security thread. Watermark: Unknown.
a. No date. Signature unknown. To be introduced
October 2008.
According to a Gulfnews.com article dated September 18, 2008,
with infation running above 27%, Irans central bank will revalue
the Islamic Republics currency by slashing at three to four zeros,
state radio quoted the governor, Tahmasb Mazaheri. Two days
later, after clashing with President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad over
economic policies, Mazaheri resigned, to be replaced by the banks
general secretary, Mahmoud Bahmani.
Iraq (www.cbiraq.org)
According to a Dow Jones Newswire report of November 29,
2007, the Central Bank of Iraq is contemplating rebasing the Iraqi
dinar and issuing new banknotes early in 2008. Te central bank
will take a decision in three months time from now, taking of three
zeros from the current Iraqi dinar value, said Finance Minister
Bayan Jabor. Printing new notes and fully replacing the old ones
would take two years. Iraqs current notes were printed by De La
Rue, though Jabor didnt say which company would print the new
banknotes.
According to a Gulf Times report of August 24, 2008, the CBI
has taken steps to rebase the Iraqi dinar and issue new banknotes.
We have reached a conclusion that we should take of three zeroes
from the current Iraqi dinar banknotes, Mudher Qasim, the banks
senior advisor, told Dow Jones Newswires in an exclusive interview.
Qasim didnt give a timeframe when that decision would be taken,
but said printing new banknotes and fully replacing old notes would
take two years from the time the decision is taken.
Northern Ireland, Bank of Ireland (www.bankofreland.ie)
Tis series of notes shares similar design elements of the Bank
of Ireland seal (Hibernia seated) at left, six county shields at upper
center, and the Queens University of Belfast on back, distinguished
primarily by diferent color schemes and printed denominations.
20 pounds (US$41.80), 1
ST
MARCH 2005. Like P80, but new date, and w/o DONEGALL
PLACE to left of signature (David McGowan, Chief Executive N.I.).
50 pounds (US$105.50), 5
TH
APRIL 2004. Like P77, but new date and signature (Roy
Keenan, Chief Executive-U.K.).
According to a February 12, 2008, report in Drinks International,
the Bank of Ireland will issue 5-, 10-, and 20-pound notes, the
backs of which feature the Diageos Bushmills whiskey distillery in
celebration of the distillerys 400th anniversary. Stephen Kirkpatrick,
chief executive of Bank of Ireland Northern Ireland, said, Because
Bank of Ireland is one of the leading business banks in this region,
we felt our new notes should feature a business that is symbolic
both of our heritage and of our skill in crafting products for a global
market.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 41
Northern Ireland, Ulster Bank (www.ulsterbank.co.uk)
5 pounds (US$9.90)
Purple. Front: Bank of Ireland seal (Hibernia seated); six county shields. Back: Old
Bushmills Distillery in County Antrim. Solid security thread. Watermark: Medusa head.
Printer: Unknown. 136 x 70 mm.
a. 20
th
APRIL 2008. Signature: David McGowan,
Chief Executive UK. Introduced 22.04.2008.
10 pounds (US$19.85)
Blue. Front: Bank of Ireland seal (Hibernia seated); six county shields. Back: Old
Bushmills Distillery in County Antrim. Solid security thread. Watermark: Medusa head.
Printer: Unknown. 143 x 75 mm.
a. 20
th
APRIL 2008. Signature: Stephen Kirkpatrick,
Chief Executive NI. Introduced May 2008.
20 pounds (US$39.70)
Dark green. Front: Bank of Ireland seal (Hibernia seated); six county shields. Back: Old
Bushmills Distillery in County Antrim. Solid security thread. Watermark: Medusa head.
Printer: Unknown. 150 x 80 mm.
a. 20
th
APRIL 2008. Signature: Stephen Kirkpatrick,
Chief Executive NI. Introduced May 2008.
Northern Ireland, First Trust Bank (www.frsttrustbank.co.uk)
20 pounds (US$39.25), 1st MAY 2007. Like P137, but new date and new signature.
Northern Ireland, Ulster Bank (www.ulsterbank.co.uk)
5 pounds (US$10.45), 25th NOVEMBER 2006. One million notes introduced
27.11.2006. Front like P335, but new date, new signature (Cormac McCarthy, GROUP
42 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Isle of Man (www.gov.im/treasury)
CHIEF EXECUTIVE), GB prefx, George Best overprint at left, and RBS Group logo at
right. Signature and images of football (soccer) star George Best on back. 136 x 70 mm.
5 pounds (US$10.45), 1st JANUARY 2007. Like P335, but new date, new typeface
for Ulster Bank Limited, Royal Bank of Scotland logo added, and new signature (Cormac
McCarthy, GROUP CHIEF EXECUTIVE). Printer: DE LA RUE.
10 pounds (US$19.60), 1st JANUARY 2007. Like P336, but new date, new typeface
for Ulster Bank Limited, Royal Bank of Scotland logo added, and new signature (Cormac
McCarthy, GROUP CHIEF EXECUTIVE). Printer: DE LA RUE.
20 pounds (US$39.25), 1st JANUARY 2007 and 1st JANUARY 2008. Like P337, but
new dates, new typeface for Ulster Bank Limited, Royal Bank of Scotland logo added, and
new signature (Cormac McCarthy, GROUP CHIEF EXECUTIVE). Printer: DE LA RUE.
Isle of Man (www.gov.im/treasury)
10 pounds (US$20.90), ND. Like P44, but new signature (P. M. Shimmin, CHIEF
FINANCIAL OFFICER).
Israel (www.bankisrael.gov.il)
According to the Bank of Israels annual report released on
07.10.2007, In 2006 the Currency Department began planning a
new banknote issue series, which includes many aspects, including
changing the banknote design, improved security features and
quality of banknote paper. Te new series is planned to be issued in
the next 4-5 years.
Te annual report also stated To improve the life of the NIS
20 [US$4.95] banknote, the Currency Department released an
improved banknote in 2006 printed on higher quality paper with
additional coating. As part of this improved quality, the Currency
Department will be issuing the next issue of NIS 20 notes based
on polypropylene, a polymer which is becoming more popular
in many countries due to its durability. Te cost of producing a
polymer NIS20 note is said to be 50% more expensive than using
paper, but polymer notes are more durable. If the trial run of 20
million notes succeeds, the Bank of Israel will consider issuing other
denominations in polymer. Older paper notes will continue to
circulate and will not expire.
In honor of Israels 60th Independence Day celebrations, a
limited edition of 1.8 million polymer notes will be distributed
to the public printed on the back with the message (in Hebrew):
Sixty Years to the State of Israel. Te distribution will be done via
ATMs supplying 20-new sheqel notes, serviced by Discount Bank,
Mercantile Discount Bank, and Otsar Hahayal Bank.
20 new sheqalim (US$5.80), 2008. Introduced 13.04.2008. Like P59, but new date,
new signatures (Stanley Fisher, Governor; Aharon Fogel, Chairman), Star of David
transparent window with 20 embossed, portrait of Moshe Sharett as shadow image, green-
to-purple group of squares, and microperforated denomination. Polymer. Serial numbers
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 43
Jamaica (www.boj.org.jm)
beginning with 802. 138 x 71 mm.
20 new sheqalim (US$5.80), 2008. Introduced 13.04.2008. Like above, but with Sixty
Years to the State of Israel in Hebrew on back. Serial numbers beginning with 108.
100 new sheqalim (US$25.30), 2007. Like P61, but new date and new signatures (Stanley
Fisher, Governor; Aharon Fogel, Chairman).
200 new sheqalim (US$50.60), 2006. Like P62, but new date and new signatures (Stanley
Fisher, Governor; Aharon Fogel, Chairman).
Jamaica (www.boj.org.jm)
50 dollars (US$0.70), 15.01.2007. Like P83, but new date, Cornerstone watermarks,
and denomination added as electrotype watermark. Printer: THOMAS DE LA RUE AND
COMPANY LIMITED.
100 dollars (US$1.45), 15.01.2007. Like P85, but new date, Cornerstone watermarks,
and denomination added as electrotype watermark. Printer: THOMAS DE LA RUE AND
COMPANY LIMITED.
500 dollars (US$7.30), 15.01.2007. Like P85, but new date, Cornerstone watermarks, and
denomination added as electrotype watermark. Printer: DE LA RUE.
44 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Jersey
1,000 dollars (US$14.60), 15.01.2007 and 15.01.2008. Like P86, but new dates,
Cornerstone watermarks, and denomination added as electrotype watermark. Printer: DE
LA RUE.
According to a Jamaica Observer article dated May 15, 2009,
the Bank of Jamaica plans to issue a 5,000-dollar banknote in
September 2009, which will bear the image of late former prime
minister, Hugh Lawson Shearer. Currently the highest Jamaican
note in circulation is the $1,000 banknote (Pick 86). Te new
$5,000 banknote, which is almost 20% above the minimum wage
of $4,070 per week, is equivalent to approximately US$56.
Derick Latibeaudiere, governor of the Bank of Jamaica, will
ofcially launch the new banknote on May 18, 2009, at the central
bank in downtown Kingston. Te launch will take the form of
a presentation of a proof note, specially packaged, to Dr Denise
Eldemire Shearer, widow of the late former prime minister of
Jamaica, Hugh Lawson Shearer, whose portrait appears on the front
of the note, said the central bank. Aside from Shearers portrait, the
new $5,000 note will also have pictures of various plants and a bird.
Te note is sand or khaki in color according to Observer sources.
Shearer served Jamaica as prime minister from 1967-72, succeeding
Sir Donald Sangster.
Jersey
1 pound (US$2.10), ND. Like P26, but serial number prefx comprised of three, not two,
characters.
Jordan (www.cbj.gov.jo)
1 dinar (US$1.40), AH1427/2006 and AH1429/2008. Like P34, but new dates and new
signatures.
5 dinars (US$7.05), AH1429/2008. Like P35, but new date and new signatures.
.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 45
Kazakhstan (www.nationalbank.kz)
50 dinars (US$70.60), AH1428/2007. Like P38, but new date and new signatures.
Kazakhstan (www.nationalbank.kz)
Tere are two diferent 100-tenge notes dated 1993. Te original
(Pick 13a) was issued in 1993. It features a color-changing rosette
in the upper left on the front. Tere is a second variety also dated
1993, but issued in 2001. It has a gold intaglio rosette.
Tere are two diferent 200-tenge notes dated 1993. Te
original (Pick 14a, above left) was issued in 2000. It features the
denomination embossed on a rosette in the lower right on the front.
Tere is a second variety (above right) also dated 1993, but issued
in 2002. It has a latent image instead of embossing, and a diferent
background to the right of the portrait.
Tere are two diferent 500-tenge notes dated 1999. Te
original (Pick 21a, above left) was issued in 2000. It features the
denomination embossed on a rosette in the lower right on the front.
Tere is a second variety (above right) also dated 1999, but issued
in 2002. It has a latent image instead of embossing, and a diferent
background design to the right of the portrait.
P28: 200 tenge (US$1.65), 2006. Introduced 15.11.2006. Orange and green on m/c
underprint. Astana-Baiterek monument, sheet music, national emblem, palm, and fag on
front. Transport and Communication Ministry building and a winged statue on the bridge
over the river Ishim in the capital Astana in foreground, the Ministry of Defense building
and steppe in background on back. Watermark, windowed security thread, registration
device, intaglio printing, OVI, microprinting, fuorescent serial numbers, iridescent ink,
latent image of denomination, and pink fbers that fuoresce red under UV light. Printer: De
La Rue (w/o imprint). 126 x 64 mm.
P29: 500 tenge (US$4.15), 2006. Introduced 15.11.2006. Blue and gray on m/c underprint.
Astana-Baiterek monument, sheet music, national emblem, palm, and fag on front.
Ministry of Finance building and Astana city hall in foreground, gulls over the sea in
background on back. Watermark, windowed security thread, registration device, intaglio
printing, OVI, microprinting, fuorescent serial numbers, iridescent ink, latent image of
denomination, and pink fbers that fuoresce red under UV light. Printer: De La Rue (w/o
imprint). 130 x 67 mm.
P30: 1,000 tenge (US$8.25), 2006. Introduced 15.11.2006. Yellow and brown on m/c
underprint. Astana-Baiterek monument, sheet music, national emblem, palm, and fag on
front. Presidential Culture Center in foreground, mesas in background on back. Watermark,
windowed security thread, registration device, intaglio printing, OVI, microprinting,
fuorescent serial numbers, iridescent ink, latent image of denomination, and pink fbers
that fuoresce red under UV light. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 134 x 70 mm.
The word bank on the new 2,000- and 5,000-tenge notes is misspelled with an
alternate Kazakh form of the letter K, not the Cyrillic version, which has a slightly different
pronunciation. Despite politicians calls to scrap the new issue, bank offcials released the
notes into circulation and plan to gradually withdraw them to correct the error.
P31: 2,000 tenge (US$16.50), 2006. Introduced 15.11.2006. Green and blue on m/c
underprint. Astana-Baiterek monument, sheet music, national emblem, palm, and fag
on front. Abai Opera-House in Almaty in foreground, mountain lake in background on
back. Watermark, windowed security thread, registration device, intaglio printing, OVI,
microprinting, fuorescent serial numbers, iridescent ink, latent image of denomination, and
pink fbers that fuoresce red under UV light. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 139 x 73
mm. Error with bank misspelled on front and back.
46 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Kenya (www.centralbank.go.ke)
2,000 tenge (US$16.50), 2006. Introduced 15.11.2006. Corrected spelling of bank on
front and back.
P32: 5,000 tenge (US$41.30), 2006. Introduced 15.11.2006. Red and brown on m/c
underprint. Astana-Baiterek monument, sheet music, national emblem, palm, and fag on
front. Independence Monument and Kazakhstan hotel in Almaty in foreground, mountains
in background on back. Watermark, windowed security thread, registration device, intaglio
printing, OVI, microprinting, fuorescent serial numbers, iridescent ink, latent image of
denomination, and pink fbers that fuoresce red under UV light. Printer: De La Rue (w/o
imprint). 144 x 76 mm. Error with bank misspelled on front and back.
5,000 tenge (US$41.30), 2006. Introduced 15.11.2006. Corrected spelling of bank on
front and back.
5,000 tenge (US$41.30), 2008. 10.2 million notes introduced 08.07.2008 to
commemorate 15 years of tenge. Red and brown on m/c underprint. Front: Astana-
Baiterek monument; sheet music; national emblem; palm; fag; green-to-blue Spark fying
eagle; jubilee inscription at edges. Back: Independence Monument and Kazakhstan hotel
in Almaty; mountains. Watermark, windowed security thread, registration device, intaglio
printing, OVI, microprinting, fuorescent serial numbers, iridescent ink, latent image of
denomination, and pink fbers that fuoresce red under UV light. Printer: De La Rue (w/o
imprint). 144 x 76 mm. Also available as a specimen with all-zero serial numbers, red
diagonal SPECIMEN overprint, numbered in the lower right-hand front corner.
P33: 10,000 tenge (US$82.60), 2006. Introduced 15.11.2006. Violet and blue on m/c
underprint. Astana-Baiterek monument, sheet music, national emblem, palm, and fag
on front. Akorda Palace (the presidential residence in Astana) in foreground, canyons
in background on back. Optiks security thread, Watermark, windowed security thread,
registration device, intaglio printing, OVI, microprinting, fuorescent serial numbers,
iridescent ink, latent image of denomination, and pink fbers that fuoresce red under UV
light. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 149 x 79 mm.
Kenya (www.centralbank.go.ke)
SCWPM, Volume III, 14th edition, lists fve dates of Kenyas
50-shilling note as Pick 41a. However, signifcant diferences have
been discovered in this and other recent denominations. Te note
dated 2nd February 2004, has a wider windowed security thread
than the note dated 1st April 2003, and this thread appears further
to the right. Furthermore, the member signature on subsequent
date varieties (2nd August 2004, 1st June 2005, and 1st April 2006)
difers from that on the frst two dates.
It has been reported that all Kenyan notes from 2004 onwards
have the denomination as numeral as an electrotype watermark.
It is also reported that all Kenyan notes from 2005 onwards have
additional watermarks of stripes in all four corners. If confrmed, De
La Rue is the printer because Cornerstone watermarks are a DLR
trademark.
IBNS member Andrew Roberts sends confrmation that the
Central Bank of Kenya has issued all denominations with dates
of 1
st
APRIL 2006 and bearing the signature of the banks former
governor, Andrew K. Mullei (see following detail).
On March 4, 2007, Prof. Njuguna S. Ndungj assumed the role
of governor, so perhaps it is his signature that appears on the new
varieties dated 3
rd
MARCH 2008 (see following detail).
North Korea
A complete set of North Korean notes with overprints has been
issued. Unfortunately, little is known about these notes other than
that they appear to be the latest issued notes (dates range from 1992
to 2007) with a common overprint in Korean, the literal translation
of which is Great leader Kim Ilsung comrade birth 95th. Since
he was born April 15, 1912, his 95th birthday would have been
celebrated in 2007. Tis fts the latest date on the notes, but does
not necessarily mean the notes were issued in 2007.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 47
North Korea
48 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
South Korea (www.bok.or.kr)
South Korea (www.bok.or.kr)
P54: 1,000 won (US$1.10), ND (2007). Introduced 22.01.2007. Blue. Lee Hwang
(Toegye) as portrait and watermark and electrotype denomination, blossoming ume tree,
Myeongnyundang lecture hall, Omron rings, intaglio printing, WON as latent image, 1000
and BANK OF KOREA microlettering, registration device, and hologram windowed security
thread. Coastal scene and 1000 in green-to-blue OVI on back. Printer: Korea Minting and
Security Printing Corporation. 136 x 68 mm.
P56: 10,000 won (US$11), ND (2007). Introduced 22.01.2007. Green. King Sejong the
Great as portrait and watermark and electrotype denomination, square hologram, Omron
rings, intaglio printing, WON as latent image, 10000 and BANK OF KOREA microlettering,
registration device, and solid security thread. Celestial globe (Armillary sphere), optical
astronomical telescope, astronomical map, and 10000 in gold-to-green OVI on back.
Printer: Korea Minting and Security Printing Corporation. 148 x 68 mm.
On May 2, 2007, the Bank of Korea announced that it plans to
issue 50,000- (US$54) and 100,000-won (US$108) notes in the
frst half of 2009. Te move is expected to save the BOK over 320
billion won annually. According to an 08.08.2007, article in Te
Korea Times, the Bank of Korea (BOK) has drawn up a pool of 10
historic fgures to be featured on the 50,000-won and 100,000-won
banknotes, scheduled to debut in early 2009. Candidates include
Kim Koo, president of Koreas interim government in Shanghai
during Japanese colonial rule (1910-1945); Yu Gwan-soon, a female
independence fghter during the Japanese rule; Jang Yeong-sil, a
scientist during the rule of King Sejong (1418-1450); and Jang Bo-
go, a navy general during the Silla Kingdom (B.C. 57-A.D. 935).
Also included in the list are Kim Jeong-hee, a scholar during the
rule of King Soonjo (1790-1834); Ahn Chang-ho and Han Yong-
un, independent fghters during the Japanese rule; Jeong Yak-yong,
a scholar and scientist during the Joseon Kingdom; Sinsaimdang,
the mother of renowned Confucian scholar Yi I; and Ju Si-gyeong,
who created the modern Korean alphabet system before Japan
colonized Korea in 1910.
Wang Yong-ki, head of the BOKs Currency Issue Department,
said We need at least two years to complete the technological
processes for issuing new banknotes, so they will be available in early
2009. We hope to select fgures for the new notes and complete
their designs by October, so that printing can begin in 2008 at the
state-run Korea Minting and Security Printing Corp.
On November 5, 2007, the Bank of Korea announced that
the revered independence fghter Kim Koo will appear on a new
100,000-won (US$110) note, and that mid-Chosun-era female
artist Shin Saimdang, the mother of Confucian scholar Yulkok Yi Yi
(who appears on the current 5,000-won note), will appear on a new
50,000-won note, making her the frst female face depicted on a
Korean note. Te new high-denomination notes are both scheduled
for issuance in 2009, and printing will begin in 2008.
According to an article in Te Korea Times dated February
20, 2008, the Bank of Korea (BOK) is considering using Crane
ABs optically-active anti-forgery feature on the 100,000-won
(US$105.50) notes which will be introduced early in 2009. Te
technology, called Motion, utilizes microlenses in a security strip
that projects holographic images that move when the note is tilted.
Motion was frst used in Swedens 1,000-kronor (US$157.80) note
issued in March 2006, and is expected to be used in the United
States new 100-dollar note due in 2009, as well as all of Mexicos
new paper-based notes, beginning with the 1,000-peso note
introduced April 7, 2008. We are now considering various features
on new bills, but nothing has been decided yet, said a BOK ofcial.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 49
Latvia (www.bank.lv)
According to a Maeil Business News article dated November 11,
2008, South Korea has apparently decided to indefnitely postpone
issuing the 100,000-won note. According to the Wall Street Journal,
Te issuance of the KRW100,000 banknote has beeen suspended
because of problems with its design, the problem being that the
note omits the Dokdo islands (also known as Liancourt Rocks),
which are also claimed by Japan.
Te 50,000-won banknote is ofcially slated for introduction on
June 23, 2009.
Kuwait (www.cbk.gov.kw)
10 dinars (US$36.10), L.1968 (2006). Like P27, but new signatures (Badr Yaakub Al
Houmaithy, Finance Minister; Salem Abdul Aziz Saud al-Sabah, Governor).
Laos
1,000 kip (US$0.10)
Green and blue. Front: Three young women; temple; coat of arms. Back: Dancer;
elephant; grazing cattle; power lines. Solid security thread. Watermark: Unknown. Printer:
Unknown. 144 x 66 mm.
a. 2008. Introduced 30.10.2008.
Latvia (www.bank.lv)
P52: 5 lats (US$10.55), 2006. Introduced 12.10.2006. Like P49, but new date, new
signature (Ilmars Rimsevics, Governor), and new security features, including two relief
inscriptions of the nominal value imprinted above the oak-leaf registration device,
parallelogram of LATvIJAS BANKA microprinting beneath large 5 in OVI at left. Starting
serial number suffx apparently R with replacement notes presumably continuing to use Z
suffx. 130 x 65 mm.
5 lats (US$10.55), 2007. Like P52, but new date.
10 lats (US$19.40)
Violet. Front: River Daugava; oak-leaf. Back: Traditional Latvian bronze bow-broach;
coat of arms. Windowed security thread. Watermark: Latvian maiden. Printer: G&D (w/o
imprint). 130 x 65 mm.
a. 2008. Signature: Ilmars Rimsevics, Governor.
Introduced 01.10.2008.
50 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Lebanon (www.bdl.gov.lb)
20 lats (US$39.10), 2007. Like P51, but new date, new signature (Ilmars Rimsevics,
Governor), and wider windowed security thread on back.
P53: 100 lats (US$194), 2007. Introduced 21.05.2007. Like P47, but new date, new
signature (Ilmars Rimsevics, Governor), and new security features, including serial number
repeated in red in upper front left, horizontal band with 100 in greyish-brown print, 100 at
lower left in larger reddish-brown OVI (also heat sensitive), vertical translucent band to left
of portrait, transparent varifeye window with red semicircle of the Sun and Ls, silver Sun
semicircle between the transparent window and the registration device, wider windowed
security thread (with holograms and Ls 100), and 100 Ls as latent image in ornamental
band on back right margin. Replacement notes suffx Z. Printer: Giesecke & Devrient (w/o
imprint). 130 x 65 mm.
500 lats (US$935), 2008. Introduced 19.01.2009. Like P48, but new date, new signature,
varifeye window, and heat-sensitive denomination in lower left front.
Lebanon (www.bdl.gov.lb)
P84: 1,000 livres (US$0.65), 2004. Introduced 2006. Green. Various historical alphabets in
grid on front. Cedar tree, alphabets, and bar code on back. Signatures (Ahmed Jachifrst,
First Assistant to the Governor; Madi Sakkaor Chakka, Governor). 116 x 60 mm.
P85: 5,000 livres (US$3.30), 2004. Like P79, but reduced size. Printer: Giesecke &
Devrient. 121 x 62 mm.
5,000 livres (US$3.30), 2008. Like P85, but new date.
P86: 10,000 livres (US$6.60), 2004. Introduced 20.12.2005. Like P76, but reduced size.
10,000 livres (US$6.60), 2008. Introduced 20.12.2005. Like P86, but new date.
P87: 20,000 livres (US$13.25), 2004. Like P81, but reduced size.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 51
Lesotho (www.centralbank.org.ls)
P88: 50,000 livres (US$33.05), 2004. Introduced 30.05.2005. Like P82, but reduced size.
Foil strip with cedars, seal, and 50000 at left, windowed security thread with text, cedar
tree and Arabic denomination watermark. Printer: oebs (Oesterreichische Banknoten- und
Sicherheitsdruck). 142 x 77 mm.
P89: 100,000 livres (US$66.10), 2004. Introduced 30.05.2005. Like P83, but reduced
size. Foil strip with cedars, seal, and 100000 at left, windowed security thread, cedar tree
and Arabic denomination watermark. Printer: oebs (Oesterreichische Banknoten- und
Sicherheitsdruck). 148 x 82 mm.
Lesotho (www.centralbank.org.ls)
10 maloti (US$1.55), 2005 and 2006. Like P15, but new dates and new signature (E. M.
Matekane, GOVERNOR).
10 maloti (US$1.30), 2007. Like P15, but new date and new signature (Moeketsi
Senaoana, GOVERNOR).
20 maloti (US$3.05), 2005. Like P16, but new date and new signature (E. M. Matekane,
GOVERNOR).
20 maloti (US$3.05), 2007 and 2009. Like P16, but new
dates, new signature (Moeketsi Senaoana,
GOVERNOR), windowed security thread, 20 added to
arms watermark. Six-digit serial number with single- and
double-letter prefxes.
100 maloti (US$15.30), 2006. Like P19, but new date and new signature (Motlatsi
Matekane, GOVERNOR).
52 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Liberia (www.cbl.org.lr)
100 maloti (US$12.80), 2007. Like LSL100 dated 2006, but new date (larger type), new
signature (Moeketsi Senaoana, GOVERNOR), wider windowed security thread with CBL
100 added, and larger coat of arms watermark with 100 added.
Liberia (www.cbl.org.lr)
At the end of 2006, the Central Bank of Liberia (CBL) released
LD$1.5 billion in LD$20 and LD$100 banknotes without
obtaining a permit from the National Legislature. Te CBL
maintains the permit wasnt necessary in this case because the notes
in question difer from the previous issue only in that the signatures
have changed to that of the current governor (J. Mills Jones) and
the minister of fnance (Antoinette Sayeh), from the previous Elie E.
Saleeby and Lusinee Kamara combination.
Governor Jones, defended the action by stating, In 2005,
with the knowledge of the Board of Governors of the bank, the
then Executive Governor, Charles A. Green, placed an order
for banknotes with the Franois Charles Oberthur Fiduciare, a
French company. Te new signatures were sent to the printer on
29.03.2006, and the new notes began arriving in August.
5 dollars (US$0.10). Like Pick 26, but new date (2006) and new signatures (Antoinette
Sayeh, MINISTER OF FINANCE; J. Mills Jones, EXECUTIVE GOVERNOR).
20 dollars (US$0.35), 2002. Like P23, but new date and new signatures (Lusinee Kamara,
minister of fnance; Elie E. Saleeby, Executive Governor).
20 dollars (US$0.35), 2006. Introduced August 2006. Like P28, but new date and new
signatures (Antoinette Sayeh, minister of fnance; J. Mills, Executive Governor).
50 dollars (US$0.85), 2008. Like P29, but new date and new signatures (Antoinette Sayeh,
minister of fnance; J. Mills, Executive Governor).
100 dollars (US$1.65), 2006 and 2008. Introduced August 2006 and unknown. Like
P30, but new dates and new signatures (Antoinette Sayeh, minister of fnance; J. Mills,
Executive Governor).
Libya (www.cbl.gov.ly)
Libyan notes of 1, 5, 10, and 20 dinars have been reported with
the signature of Farhat O Bengdara.
Following the 2008 introduction of a new 50-dinar note, the
Central Bank of Libya issued new notes of the lower denominations
on March 3, 2009, to commemorate the 32nd anniversary of the
proclamation of peoples power in Libya, which is celebrated every
year on March 2. Te new notes are similar to the preceding issues,
but with revised designs and enhanced security features.
1 dinar (US$0.80)
Blue. Front: Muammar Qaddaf. Back: Mosque. Windowed security thread. Watermark:
Muammar Qaddaf and electrotype 1. Printer: Unknown. 140 x 70 mm.
a. No date. Signature Farhat O Bengdara.
Introduced 03.03.2009.

5 dinars (US$3.90)
Red. Front: Two camels. Back: Monument. Windowed security thread. Watermark: Camels
and electrotype 5. Printer: Unknown. 150 x 75 mm.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 53
Macau, Bank of China (www.bocmacau.com)
5 dinars (US$3.90)
a. No date. Signature Farhat O Bengdara.
Introduced 03.03.2009.

10 dinars (US$7.80)
Green. Front: Omar el-Mukhtar. Back: Fortress and crowd. Windowed security thread with
demetalized text. Watermark: Omar el-Mukhtar and electrotype 10. Printer: Unknown. 156
x 78 mm.
a. No date. Signature Farhat O Bengdara.
Introduced 03.03.2009.

50 dinar (US$40.70)
Brown and tan. Front: Muammar al-Gaddaf. Back: Building. Holographic stripe.
Windowed security thread. Watermark: Unknown. Printer: Unknown. 174 x 83 mm.
a. No date. Signature (Farhat O Bengdara).
Introduced 25.09.2008.
Lithuania (www.lb.lt)
On December 29, 2006, the Bank of Lithuania announced plans
to place an order for the production of 50 million 10-litas notes,
45 million 50-litas notes, and 50 million 100-litas notes. Both the
10- and 100-litas notes will contain additional security features, and
therefore the new year of issue will be 2007. Te 50-litas notes will
be unchanged from the 2003 design.
10 litas (US$4.40), 2007. Introduced 05.03.2008. Like P65, but iridescent stripe to right of
portraits with denomination as latent image, and no microperforation. Printer: Giesecke &
Devrient.
20 litu (US$7.80), 2007. Introduced 11.06.2007. Like P66, but new date, iridescent
strip with LTL and 20 as PEAK (printed embossed anticopy key), and no microperforations.
Printer: Giesecke & Devrient (w/o imprint). 135 x 65 mm.
100 litas (US$43.95), 2007. Introduced 05.03.2008. Like P62, but holographic stripe,
denomination at left front in green-to-magenta OVI, denomination as electrotype
watermark, and paper tinted green. Printer: Franois-Charles Oberthur Fiduciaire.
Macau, Bank of China (www.bocmacau.com)
According to an article in Macau Daily Times dated March 8,
2008, the Macau branch of the Bank of China (BOC) is set to issue
four million 20-pataca (US$2.50) banknotes in commemoration
of the 29th Olympic Games that will be held in Beijing during
August 2008. A spokesman of the executive council, Mr. Tong Chi
Kin, said the note will be the same purple color as the currently
circulating 20-pataca note (P103). Te front of the new note will
feature the Bank of China building, the architecture representing
the location of the torch relay of the ancient Olympic Games, as
well as the emblem of the Beijing Olympic Games, and a vertical
line that reads In Commemoration of the 29th Olympic Games
in both Chinese and Portuguese. Te back of the note will depict
the Beijing Olympic Stadium (also known as the Birds Nest), and
Macaus Golden Lotus symbol.
54 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Macau, Bank of China (www.bocmacau.com)
20 pataca (US$2.50)
Purple. Front: Bank of China building; Beijing Olympics emblem; ancient column detail.
Back: Beijing Olympic Stadium (Birds Nest); Golden Lotus fower. Windowed security
thread. Watermark: Unknown. Printer: Unknown. 143 x 71.5 mm.
a. 3 DE MAIO DE 2008 (03.05.2008). Signature
unknown.
According to a Macau Daily Times article dated July 19, 2008,
in the near future the Bank of China will issue 20 million new
10-pataca banknotes, another 20 million 20-pataca notes, 6 million
50-pataca notes, 10 million 100-pataca notes, 15 million 500-pataca
notes, and 4 million 1,000-pataca notes.
According to a Macau Daily Times article dated January 6, 2009,
Te Bank of China has been authorised to issue new Pataca notes
with denominations of 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, and 10 patacas. Te
new issuance adopted Macau cultural heritage of a mixture of the
East and the West as the main theme.Te new notes would be
circulated together with the old versions without any inconvenience
caused. Te front of each note features one of Macaus World
Heritage sites, and the back of each note features the banks
headquarters as well as one of Macaus four bridges.
10 pataca (US$1.25)
Red. Front: Golden Lotus fower; TEMPLO DE A-M (temple of A-M) building. Back:
Bridge; Banco da China in Macau headquarters building. Solid security thread with
demetalized 10. Windowed security thread with demetalized BANK OF CHINA and bank
logo. Watermark: Lotus fower and electrotype 10. Printer: Unknown. 139 x 69 mm.
a. 8 DE AGOSTO DE 2008 (08.08.2008). Signature
unknown. Introduced 05.01.2009.
20 pataca (US$2.50)
Purple. Front: Golden Lotus fower; RUNAS DE S. PAULO (ruins of Saint Paul) church
building. Back: Bridge; Banco da China in Macau headquarters building. Solid security
thread with demetalized 20. Windowed security thread with demetalized BANK OF CHINA
and bank logo. Watermark: Lotus fower and electrotype 20. Printer: Unknown. 144 x 72
mm.
a. 8 DE AGOSTO DE 2008 (08.08.2008). Signature
unknown. Introduced 05.01.2009.
50 pataca (US$6.25)
Brown. Front: Golden Lotus fower; TEATRO D. PEDRO v (Pedro V theatre) building.
Back: Bridge; Banco da China in Macau headquarters building. Solid security thread with
demetalized 50. Windowed security thread with demetalized BANK OF CHINA and bank
logo. Watermark: Lotus fower and electrotype 50. Printer: Unknown. 149 x 75 mm.
a. 8 DE AGOSTO DE 2008 (08.08.2008). Signature
unknown. Introduced 05.01.2009.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 55
Macedonia (www.nbrm.gov.mk)
100 pataca (US$12.50)
Blue. Front: Golden Lotus fower; FORTALEZA DA GUIA (Guia Fortress) building, chapel,
and lighthouse. Back: Sai Van bridge; Banco da China in Macau headquarters building.
Solid security thread with demetalized 100. Windowed security thread with demetalized
BANK OF CHINA and bank logo. Watermark: Lotus fower and electrotype 100. Printer:
Unknown. 153 x 77 mm.
a. 8 DE AGOSTO DE 2008 (08.08.2008). Signature
unknown. Introduced 05.01.2009.
500 pataca (US$62.60)
Green. Front: Golden Lotus fower; CASA DO MANDARIM (Mandarin House) building.
Back: Bridge; Banco da China in Macau headquarters building. Solid security thread with
demetalized 500. Windowed security thread with demetalized BANK OF CHINA and bank
logo. Watermark: Lotus fower and electrotype 500. Printer: Unknown. 158 x 80 mm.
a. 8 DE AGOSTO DE 2008 (08.08.2008). Signature
unknown. Introduced 05.01.2009.
1,000 pataca (US$125)
Orange. Front: Golden Lotus fower; EDIFICIO DO LEAL SENADO (Loyal Senate)
building, now the Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau (IACM) headquarters. Back:
Friendship bridge; Banco da China in Macau headquarters building. Solid security thread
with demetalized 1000. Windowed security thread with demetalized BANK OF CHINA
and bank logo. Watermark: Lotus fower and electrotype 1000. Printer: Unknown. 164 x
82 mm.
a. 8 DE AGOSTO DE 2008 (08.08.2008). Signature
unknown. Introduced 05.01.2009.
Macedonia (www.nbrm.gov.mk)
10 denari (US$0.20), 2006 and 2007. Like P14, but new dates and new signature (Petar
Goshev, Governor).
50 denari (US$1.10), 2007. Like P15, but new date and new signature (Petar Goshev,
Governor).
56 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Madagascar (www.banque-centrale.mg)
100 denari (US$2.25), 2007. Like P16, but new date and new signature (Petar Goshev,
Governor).
Madagascar (www.banque-centrale.mg)
1,000 ariary (US$2.45), 2004 and 2008. Like Pick 89, but new dates and new signature
(Frederic Rasamoely, GOUVERNEUR).
P90: 2,000 ariary (US$1.10), 2007. Like P83, but with addition of Omron rings on front and
back, MAP overprint on new signature (Frederic Rasamoely, GOUVERNEUR), addition of
Madagascar naturellement above watermark, and replacing upper left serial number with
MADAGASCAR ACTION PLAN 2007-2012.
P91: 5,000 ariary (US$2.75), ND (2006). Introduced October 2006. Like P84, but with
Omron rings on front and back, and new signature (Frederic Rasamoely, GOUVERNEUR).
P92: 10,000 ariary (US$5.60), ND (2006). Like P85, but with Omron rings on front and
back.
Malawi (www.rbm.mw)
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 57
Maldives (www.mma.gov.mv)
20 kwacha (US$0.15), 31st OCTOBER 2006. Like P44, but new date and new signature.
50 kwacha (US$0.35), 31st OCTOBER 2006 and 31st OCTOBER 2007. Like P45, but new
dates and new signature.
100 kwacha (US$0.70), 31st OCTOBER 2005. Like P46, but new date and new signature.
500 kwacha
Brown and blue. Front: Woman carrying bowl on head; two men with net in a small boat
on Lake Malawi; John Chilembwe; holographic stripe. Back: Reserve Bank of Malawi
headquarters building in Blantyre; zebras, antelope, and tree. Windowed security thread
with demetalized RBM. Watermark: Chilembwe and electrotype 500. Printer: TK. 162 x
81 mm.
a. 1ST NOVEMBER 2005. Signature 10.
Malaysia (www.bnm.gov.my)
On December 21, 2007, Tan Sri Dr Zeti Akhtar Aziz, the
governor of Bank Negara Malaysia, said, We are in the process of
looking for new designs and will slowly replace all the notes and
coins. Te following RM50 banknote is the frst in the fourth series
of Malaysian notes, which will be replacing the existing series in
stages. Existing RM50 notes remain legal tender.
According to a Bernama.com article dated August 19, 2008, the
government has no plans to re-introduce the RM500 and RM1,000
notes. Tose still in possession of these high-denomination notes
can exchange them at any Bank Negara branch; the notes do not
carry an expiry date.
50 ringgit (US$14.95), 2007. 20,000 special sets introduced 26.12.2007 for RM60, and
at face w/o packaging starting 30.01.2008. Green-blue. Front: Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni
Tuanku Muhammad, national fower hibiscus, songket weaving patterns in background
and edges, signature (Tan Sri Dr. Zeti Akhtar Aziz, GABENOR). Back: Malaysias frst
prime minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj declaring independence, oil palm trees,
microbiology technology, and 50th anniversary logo (logo will appear only on frst 50 million
notes). Security features include watermark portrait and 50 as electrotype watermark,
fuorescent windowed security thread with repeating BNM RM50 (also as microtext),
songket design as registration device, 50 as latent image, holographic stripe with 50 and
hibiscus fower. Printer: Gieseke & Devrient (w/o imprint). 145 x 69 mm.
Maldives (www.mma.gov.mv)
5 rufyaa (US$0.40), 1 July 2006/AH1427. Like P18, but new date, new signature (Qasim
Ibrahim, Governor), and DE LA RUE imprint removed from back.
10 rufyaa (US$0.80), 1 July 2006/AH1427. Like P19, but new date, new signature (Qasim
Ibrahim, Governor) as above, and DE LA RUE imprint removed from back.
58 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Malta (www.centralbankmalta.com)
500 rufyaa (US$39.05), 1 July 2006/AH1427. Like P23, but new date, new signature
(Qasim Ibrahim, Governor), Cornerstone watermark, 500 as electrotype watermark,
windowed 3-mm StarChrome security thread changes red to green. Printer: De La Rue
(w/o imprint).
Malta (www.centralbankmalta.com)
5 liri (US$15.65), L.1967. Like P46, but new signature (Michael C. Bonello, Gvernatur).
SCWPM has incorrect middle initial of P in listing for P47c.
Mauritania (www.bcm.mr)
100 ouguiya (US$0.40), 28.11.2006. Like P10, but new date and new signatures.
Mauritius (bom.intnet.mu)
On September 25, 2007, Manou Bheenick, governor of the
Bank of Mauritius, announced a design competition for a new
family of banknotes to be issued in 2009 to celebrate the banks
40th anniversary. Under the theme of BanknotesMirrors of our
Motherland, this eighth series of notes should relate to the islands
history, culture, ecology, industry, architecture, and landscape.
Rs30,000 will be awarded to the winner of the best design as chosen
by a jury of eight local artists.
25 rupees (US$0.80), 2006. Like P49, but new date.
50 rupees (US$1.65), 2006. Like P50, but new date.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 59
Mexico (www.banxico.org.mx)
1,000 rupees (US$38.70), 2004. Introduced 12.07.2006. Like P59, but new date.
1,000 rupees (US$38.70), 2006. Like P59, but new date.
1,000 rupees (US$38.70), 2007. Like P59, but new date and new signatures (Yandraduth
Googoolye, FIRST DEPUTY GOVERNOR; Rundheersing Bheenick, GOVERNOR; Ahmad
Jameel Khadaroo, SECOND DEPUTY GOVERNOR).
According to an African Press Agency report dated December 10,
2008, the Bank of Mauritius plans to introduce polymer banknotes
as a cost-cutting measure. Te press release from the bank in Port
Louis indicates that even though it costs US$0.50 to manufacture
a polymer note versus US$0.05 for a paper note, the polymer notes
have a lifespan of 20 to 25 years, which makes them more cost-
efective in the long term. Te Bank of Mauritius will invite tenders
for the manufacture of polymer 25-, 50-, and 100-rupee notes in
early 2009.
Mexico (www.banxico.org.mx)
20 peso (US$1.90), 9 NOV. 2005. Like P116, but series X and new signatures (Jose Julian
Sidaoui Dib, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul Valdes Ramons, CAJERO PRINCIPAL). Printer:
BANCO DE MXICO. Polymer.
In September 2006, the Bank of Mexico outlined its plans to
issue a new family of banknotes designed primarily to improve
security and ease identifcation by the blind through the use of
diferent tactile marks and varying sizes for each denomination. Te
colors and overall designs of the current family of notes will remain
unchanged to avoid confusion. Te lone exception is the new $500,
which will portray Diego Rivera and Frieda Kahlo.
All of the new notes will be 66 mm tall. However, the 20-peso
note will be 120 mm in length, and each larger denomination will
be 7 mm longer, culminating in a 1,000-peso note measuring 155
x 66 mm, the same size as the current family of notes (Pick 116 -
121).
The rst note of the new family is the $50 issued in November
2006, followed by the $20 issued in August 2007. Both of these
denominations are printed on polymer, whichin the banks
experience with the current polymer $20 (Pick 116)lasts three
times longer than paper. The remaining denominations will be
printed on paper and will include Cranes Motion security thread,
with the $200 and $1,000 appearing in 2008, and the $100 and
$500 slated for 2009.
P122: 20 pesos (US$1.90), 19 JUN. 2006. Introduced 20.08.2007. Blue, green, and brown.
Series A. Don Benito Jurez Garca as portrait and watermark, scales of justice and
open book (las Leyes de Reforma en 1859) above signatures (Guillermo Ortiz Martinez,
JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul Valdes Ramons, CAJERO PRINCIPAL), 20 embossed on
see-through window, 20 PESOS repeated on security band, color-changing bird, microtext,
map as registration device, Omron rings, and UV inks. Monte Albn pre-Columbian
archaeological ruins in Oaxaca, a pendent, and Dios del Rayo mask of Zapotec deity
Cocijo on back. Printer: BANCO DE MXICO. Polymer. 120 x 66 mm.
20 pesos (US$1.90), 19 JUN. 2006. Introduced 20.08.2007. Like P122, but series B and
signatures (Guillermo Gemez Garcia, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul Valdes Ramons,
CAJERO PRINCIPAL).
20 pesos (US$1.90), 22 NOV. 2006. Introduced 20.08.2007. Like P122, but series C and
signatures (Everardo Elizondo Almaguer, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul Valdes Ramons,
CAJERO PRINCIPAL).
20 pesos (US$1.90), 29 MAR. 2006. Introduced 20.08.2007. Like P122, but series Y
and signatures (Jesus Marcos Yacaman, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul Valdes Ramons,
CAJERO PRINCIPAL).
50 pesos (US$4.50), 21 NOV. 2003. Like P117, but new date, series EC, and signatures
(Guillermo Ortiz Martinez, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Maria Elvira Herendira Hernandez
Barba, CAJERO PRINCIPAL).
60 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Mexico (www.banxico.org.mx)
P123: 50 pesos (US$4.50), 5 NOV. 2004. Introduced 21.11.2006. Series A, signatures
(Guillermo Ortiz Martinez, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Maria Elvira Herendira Hernandez
Barba, CAJERO PRINCIPAL). Jos Mara Morelos as portrait and watermark, color-shifting
butterfy, microtext, security thread, map as registration device, and see-through window
with embossed denomination. Aqueduct in Morelia, Michoacn, on back, along with orange
Monarch butterfies that fuoresce yellow under UV light. Printer: BANCO DE MXICO.
Polymer. 127 x 66 mm.
50 pesos (US$4.50), 7 SEPT. 2005. Introduced 21.11.2006. Like P123, but series B, new
date, and new signatures (Guillermo Gemez Garcia, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul Valdes
Ramons, CAJERO PRINCIPAL). Polymer.
50 pesos (US$4.50), 7 SEPT. 2005. Introduced 21.11.2006. Like P123, but series C, new
date, and new signatures (Everardo Elizondo Almaguer, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul
Valdes Ramons, CAJERO PRINCIPAL). Polymer.
50 pesos (US$4.50), 7 SEPT. 2005. Introduced 21.11.2006. Like P123, but series D,
new date, and new signatures (Jose Julian Sidaoui Dib, Junta de Gobierno; Raul Valdes
Ramons, Cajero Principal). Polymer.
50 pesos (US$4.50), 19 JUN. 2006. Like P123, but series E, new date, and new signatures
(Jesus Marcos Yacaman, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul Valdes Ramons, CAJERO
PRINCIPAL). Polymer.
50 pesos (US$4.65), 22 NOV. 2006. Like above, but series F, new date, and new
signatures (Guillermo Ortiz Martinez, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul Valdas Ramons,
CAJERO PRINCIPAL). Polymer.
50 pesos (US$4.80), 22 NOV. 2006. Like P123, but new date, series G, and new
signatures (Guilermo Gemez Garcia, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul Valdas Ramons,
CAJERO PRINCIPAL). Polymer.
100 pesos (US$9.35), 31 MAY 2004. Like P118, but new date, series DK, and signatures
(Guillermo Ortiz Martinez, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Maria Elvira Herendira Hernandez
Barba, CAJERO PRINCIPAL).
100 pesos (US$9.35), 31 MAY 2005. Like P118, but new date and series DM. Printer:
BANCO DE MXICO.
100 pesos (US$9.35), 7.9.2005. Like P118, but new date and series DN.
100 pesos (US$9.50), 19 JUN. 2006. Like P118, but new date and series DT.
200 pesos (US$18.10), 23 MAY 2006. Like P119, but new date and series DF.
200 pesos (US$18.10), 19 JUN. 2006. Like P119, but new date and series DK.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 61
Mongolia (www.mongolbank.mn)
200 pesos (US$18.10), 15 FEB. 2007. Introduced 08.09.2008. Green. Front: Writer
Juana de Asbaje y Ramrez de Santillana (Sor Juana Ins de la Cruz); books; inkwell;
pens; library window. Back: Hacienda de Panoayan; baptismal font of the church of San
Vicente Ferrer in Chimalhuacn; Popocatpetl and Iztacchautl volcanoes. Series A. OVI,
windowed Motion security thread, microtext, Omron rings, map as registration device,
intaglio printing, portrait watermark with denomination as electrotype, embedded colored
threads, and UV elements. 141 x 66 mm.
200 pesos (US$18.10), 14 MAY. 2007. Like above, but new date.
200 pesos (US$18.10), 14 MAY. 2007.. Like P119, but new date and series DM.
500 pesos (US$46.10), 7 SEPT. 2005. Like P120, but new date and series AK.
500 pesos (US$46.70), 19 JUN. 2006. Like P120, but new date and new signatures
(Guillermo Ortiz Martinez, JUNTA DE GOBIERNO; Raul Valdas Ramons, CAJERO
PRINCIPAL).
1,000 pesos (US$93.50), 8 MAY, 2006. Introduced 07.04.2008. Rose and violet. Portrait
of Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla on front, University of Guanajuato on back. Series A.
Three towers of the church of Dolores Hidalgo in OVI, windowed Motion security thread,
microtext, Omron rings, map as registration device, intaglio printing, portrait watermark
with denomination as electrotype, embedded colored threads, and UV elements. 155 x 66
mm.
Moldova (www.bnm.org)
20 lei (US$2.10), 2006. Like P13, but new date. 121 x 61 mm.
50 lei (US$5.20), 2008. Like P14, but new date, and caption on back corrected:
MNSTIREA HRBOvT. 121 x 61 mm.
100 lei (US$10.35), 2008. Like P15, but new date, and caption on back corrected:
CETATEA TIGHINA. 121 x 61 mm.
200 lei (US$20.70), 2007. Like P16, but new date. 133 x 66 mm.
Mongolia (www.mongolbank.mn)
According to an article in the UB Post dated April 10, 2008,
A.Batsukh, president of Mongol Bank, dispelled rumors that the
bank is planning to issue a banknote worth more than Tg20,000
(US$17.15).
1 tgrg (<US$0.01)
Yellow and brown. Front: Chinthe. Back: Soyombo symbol. Solid security thread.
Watermark: Chinggis Khaan. Printer: Unknown. 115 x 57 mm.
a. 2008. Signature unknown.
10 tugrik (US$0.01), 2007. Like P62, but new date and new signature.
20 tugrik (US$0.01), 2007. Like P63, but new date and new signature as above.
1,000 tugrik (US$0.85), 2007. Like P67, but new date and new signature as above.
P70: 20,000 tugruk (US$17), 2006. Introduced 02.10.2006. Chinggis Khaan as portrait
and watermark with M electrotype, foil soyombo emblem with fuorescent overprint,
Mongolia in both Soyombo and Hudam scripts, warrior on horse as latent images,
embedded colored fbers, UV and signature of bank president. State Nine White Banners
and windowed security thread on back. Printer: Giesecke & Devrient (w/o imprint). 150 x
72 mm. First Tg 20,000 note for Mongolia. 1,000 special commemoratives also printed with
LOOK serial numbers; reserved by bank, not issued to public.
62 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Mozambique (www.bancomoc.mz)
Mozambique (www.bancomoc.mz)
P143: 20 meticais (US$0.80), 16 DE JUNHO DE 2006. Introduced 01.07.2006. Violet.
Portrait of Samora Machel on front. Rhinoceros on back. Machel watermark, signature
(Adriano Maleiane, O GOVERNADOR), windowed security thread, intaglio printing, and
raised dots.
P144: 50 meticais (US$1.95), 16 DE JUNHO DE 2006. Introduced 01.07.2006. Yellow.
Portrait of Samora Machel on front. Kudus on back. Machel watermark, signature (Adriano
Maleiane, O GOVERNADOR), windowed security thread, intaglio printing, and raised dots.
P145: 100 meticais (US$3.90), 16 DE JUNHO DE 2006. Introduced 01.07.2006. Red.
Portrait of Samora Machel on front. Giraffes on back. Machel watermark, signature
(Adriano Maleiane, O GOVERNADOR), windowed security thread, intaglio printing, and
raised dots.
P146: 200 meticais (US$7.75), 16 DE JUNHO DE 2006. Introduced 01.07.2006. Light
blue. Portrait of Samora Machel on front. Lions on back. Machel watermark, signature
(Adriano Maleiane, O GOVERNADOR), windowed security thread, intaglio printing, and
raised dots.
P147: 500 meticais (US$19.35), 16 DE JUNHO DE 2006. Introduced 01.07.2006. Pink.
Portrait of Samora Machel on front. Cape buffalos on back. Machel watermark, signature
(Adriano Maleiane, O GOVERNADOR), windowed security thread, intaglio printing, and
raised dots.
P148: 1,000 meticais (US$38.75), 16 DE JUNHO DE 2006. Introduced 01.07.2006. Green.
Portrait of Samora Machel on front. Elephants on back. Machel watermark, signature
(Adriano Maleiane, O GOVERNADOR), windowed security thread, intaglio printing, and
raised dots.
Namibia (www.bon.com.na)
10 dollars (US$1.30), ND (2007). Like P4, but 8-digit serial number with A prefx
commencing with A20000001. Printer: Franois Charles Oberthur Fiduciare (w/o imprint).
20 dollars (US$2.55), ND (2007). Like P6, but 8-digit serial number with J prefx
commencing with J25000001. Printer: Franois Charles Oberthur Fiduciare (w/o imprint).
50 dollars (US$6.95), ND (2006). Like P11, but right-hand serial number is reddish-brown,
compared to brighter red on previous issue printed by SABN. Serial numbers starting with
N19000001. Printer: Giesecke & Devrient (w/o imprint).
100 dollars (US$12.80), ND (2007). Like P12, but 8-digit serial number with T prefx
commencing with T29000001. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint).
Nepal (www.nrb.org.np)
P53: 5 rupees (US$0.10), ND (2006). Introduced 22.09.2006. Like P46, but text referring to
government changed to Nepal Sarkar (Government of Nepal) from Shree Panch ko Sarkar
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 63
Nepal (www.nrb.org.np)
(His Majestys Government). Signature 16 (Bijay Nath Bhattarai, Governor). CHHA/17 to
JA/17 prefx (100 million pieces).
20 rupees (US$0.30), ND (2006). Introduced 20.10.2006. Like P47, but text at center in
different location and slightly reworded, plus signature 16 (Bijay Nath Bhattarai, Governor).
P51: 50 rupees (US$0.80), ND (2006). Introduced 08.09.2006, to celebrate the Nepal
Rastra Bank Golden Jubilee Year 2005. Yellow, red, and green. King Gyanendra dressed
in Daura Suruwal (national dress) as portrait and watermark, Nepal Rastra Bank building
at left, Mt. Machhapuchhre (Fishtail) at center, Ashok Stambha (Lumbini) at right. Pair of
danphe (national bird) and Mt. Amadablam at center, NRB logo at top left, arms at right
on back. Signature (Bijay Nath Bhattarai, Governor), registration device, and windowed
security thread. KHA/ 97 to GA/17 prefx (20 million pieces). 142 x 70 mm.
100 rupees (US$1.25), ND (2006). Like P49, but slight change to three lines of text at
center, new font for serial numbers, and signature 16 (Bijay Nath Bhattarai, Governor).
10 rupees (US$0.15)
Brown. Front: Mount Everest. Back: Antelopes. Windowed security thread. Watermark:
Rhododendron. Unknown mm.
a. No date. Signature: acting Governor K. B.
Manandhar. Introduced 26.09.2008.
50 rupees (US$0.65)
Blue. Front: Mount Everest. Back: Himalayan Tahr. Windowed security thread. Watermark:
Rhododendron. 142 x 70 mm.
a. No date. Signature: acting Governor K. B.
Manandhar. Introduced 23.09.2008.
64 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Netherlands Antilles (www.centralbank.an)
100 rupees (US$1.25)
Green. Front: Mount Everest. Back: Rhinoceros. Windowed security thread. Watermark:
Rhododendron. Unknown mm.
a. No date. Signature: acting Governor K. B.
Manandhar. Introduced 29.09.2008.
Te new Rs500 (which has an initial print run of 20 million
notes) still has the kings portrait as watermark because the paper
was ordered from an Indonesian manufacturer before April 2006
when the monarchy fell out of favor. According to senior currency
management ofcial Manmohan Kumar Shrestha, We could not
cancel the order as it would have resulted in a huge cost for the bank
and the nation. Instead, bank ofcials chose to obscure the kings
image by printing the national fower over the watermark. Tere
are rumors that the bank has a ready supply of notes that lack the
fower overprint.
500 rupees (US$7.85), ND (2007). Introduced 27.09.2007. Tan, brown, purple, red,
and green. Front: Mount Everest, rhododendron over watermark of King Gyanendra.
Back: Rhododendron and two tigers drinking melted snow. Signature 16 (Governor, Bijay
Nath Bhattarai), wide windowed security thread, NRB as registration device, and intaglio
printing. Printer: Perum Purari, Indonesia (w/o imprint). 160 x 70 mm.
With the issuance of the following note, the Nepal Rastra Bank
(NRB) continues to remove King Gyanendras name, image, and
royal symbols from the countrys currency. Like the new Rs500
issued September 27, 2007, the new Rs1,000 still has the kings
portrait as watermark because the paper was ordered from an
Indonesian manufacturer before April 2006 when the monarchy fell
out of favor. Te new Rs1,000 had an initial print run of 30 million
notes, with prefxes from KHA-21 to KHA-50 (replacement prefxes
are KHA-51, -52, and -53).
1,000 rupees (US$15.65), ND (2008). Introduced 07.04.2008. Front: Mount Everest,
rhododendron over watermark of King Gyanendra. Back: Rhododendron and elephant.
New signature (Krishna Bahadur Manandhar, Acting Governor), wide windowed security
thread, NRB as registration device, and intaglio printing. Printer: Perum Purari, Indonesia
(w/o imprint). 172 x 70 mm.
Netherlands Antilles (www.centralbank.an)
10 gulden (US$5.60), 1 januari 2006. Introduced 2008. Like P28, but new date.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 65
Nicaragua (www.bcn.gob.ni)
25 gulden (US$13.95), 1 januari 2006 and 1 januari 2008. Like P29, but new dates.
50 gulden (US$27.95), 1 januari 2006. Introduced 2007. Like P30, but new date.
100 gulden (US$55.85), 1 januari 2006. Introduced 2007. Like P31, but new date.
New Caledonia
According to an article in Marianas Variety dated January 4,
2008, Authorities in New Caledonia have ofcially launched a
quest, by way of a public contest, in order to identify what is locally
referred to as identity symbols, namely a national anthem, a motto
and a design for its future banknotes. Tose symbols are part of an
autonomy path set out in the 1998 autonomy Nouma Accord
Te public contest was launched two weeks ago and entries and
submissions are scheduled to close at the end of February. Te
competition is open to all residents of New Caledonia. It allows for
the usage of both French and Kanak indigenous languages. But
the public competition does not concern as yet the other two future
identity signs of New Caledonia, generally regarded as the most
sensitive ones: the name of a future independent New Caledonia
and its fag.
New Zealand (www.rbnz.govt.nz)
5 dollars (US$3.80), (20)05 and (20)06. Like P185b, but new dates.
10 dollars (US$7.65), (20)06. Like P186b, but new date.
20 dollars (US$15.65), (20)04. Like P187b, but new date.
50 dollars (US$38.15), (20)04 and (20)05. Like P188b, but new dates.
100 dollars (US$76.35), (20)05. Like P189b, but new date.
Nicaragua (www.bcn.gob.ni)
Te 10-crdoba note (Pick 191) has been replaced with a coin.
P196: 20 crdobas (US$1.05), 10 DE MARZO DE 2006. Like P192, but new date, new
signatures, and 20 added as electrotype watermark.
P197: 50 crdobas (US$2.65), 10 DE MARZO DE 2006. Like P193, but new date, new
signatures as above, and gold vertical lacquer band at right.
66 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Nigeria (www.cenbank.org)
P198: 100 crdobas (US$5.35), 10 DE MARZO DE 2006. Like P194, but new date, new
signatures as above, gold vertical lacquer band at right, and gray rosette in lower right.
500 crdobas (US$26.65), 10 DE MARZO DE 2006. Like P195, but new date and new
signatures as above.
In early 2008, the Central Bank of Nicaragua received approval
to produce new banknotes. Te 10-, 20-, and 200-crdoba notes are
to be printed on polymer, whereas the 50-, 100-, and 500-crdoba
notes will be printed on paper.
On May 15, 2009, the Central bank of Nicaragua introduced
new 10- and 20-crdoba banknotes. Printed on polymer, the new
notes cost 30 percent more to manufacture than paper notes, but
the president of the BCN, Antenor Rosales, assured the public that
they are impermeable, more resistant, hygienic, and last up to four
times as long.
10 crdobas (US$0.50), L. 12 SEPTIEMBRE DE 2007. Introduced May 15, 2009. Front:
Castillo Inmaculada Concepcin (Castle of the Immaculate Conception) in Rio San Juan.
Back: Coat of arms; Hacienda San Jacinto in Managua. Signature: Antenor Rosales
Bolaos, PRESIDENTE. 131 x 67 mm. Polymer.
20 crdobas (US$1), L. 12 SEPTIEMBRE DE 2007. Introduced May 15, 2009. Front: Girl
pounding grain; typical house on the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua. Back: Coat of arms;
fve women dancing the palo de Mayo (Maypole). Signature: Antenor Rosales Bolaos,
PRESIDENTE. 136 x 67 mm. Polymer.
Nigeria (www.cenbank.org)
P32: 5 naira (US$0.05), 2006. Introduced 28.02.2007. Purple. Front: Alhaji Sir Abubakar
Tafawa Balewa portrait. Back: Three male drummers. Watermark: Coat of arms and CBN.
Signature 14 (Charles C. Soludo, GOVERNOR; unknown, DIRECTOR OF CURRENCY
AND BRANCH OPERATIONS), microprinting, and registration device. 130 x 72 mm.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 67
Nigeria (www.cenbank.org)
P33: 10 naira (US$0.10), 2006. Introduced 28.02.2007. Red. Front: Alvan Ikoku portrait.
Back: Two women carrying bowls on their heads. Watermark: Coat of arms and CBN.
Signature 14 (Charles C. Soludo, GOVERNOR; unknown, DIRECTOR OF CURRENCY
AND BRANCH OPERATIONS), microprinting, and registration device. 130 x 72 mm.
10 naira (US$0.10), 2008. Like P33, but new date.
P34: 20 naira (US$0.15), 2006. Introduced 28.02.2007. Green. Front: General Murtala
R. Muhammed portrait. Back: Ladi Kwali, a renowned potter. Green-to-gold OVI.
Watermark: Coat of arms and CBN. Signature 14 (Charles C. Soludo, GOVERNOR; Ben
Onyido, DIRECTOR OF CURRENCY AND BRANCH OPERATIONS), microprinting, and
registration device. Polymer. 130 x 72 mm.
20 naira (US$0.15), 2007. Like P34, but new date, 6-digit serial number. Printer: Nigeria
Security Printing & Minting (w/o imprint). Polymer. Available with both glossy and matte
fnishes.
20 naira (US$0.15), 2007. Like P34, but new date, 7-digit serial number. Printer: Giesecke
& Devrient (w/o imprint). Polymer.
20 naira (US$0.15), 2008. Like P34, but new date, 6-digit serial number. Printer: Nigeria
Security Printing and Minting Company (w/o imprint). Polymer.
P35: 50 naira (US$0.40), 2006. Introduced 28.02.2007. Blue. Front: Faces of woman and
three men. Back: Three men cleaning fsh. Watermark: Coat of arms and CBN. Signature
14 (Charles C. Soludo, GOVERNOR; unknown, DIRECTOR OF CURRENCY AND
BRANCH OPERATIONS), microprinting, and registration device. 130 x 72 mm.
50 naira (US$0.40), 2007. Like P35, but new date, and 7-digit serial number.
50 naira (US$0.40), 2008. Like P35, but new date, and 6-digit serial number.
P36: 100 naira (US$0.80), 2006. Like P28, but new date, and higher placement for
new signatures and new titles (Prof. Chukwuma C. Soludo, GOVERNOR; Ben Onyido,
DIRECTOR OF CURRENCY AND BRANCH OPERATIONS).
100 naira (US$0.80), 2007. Like P36, but new date, new signatures, and 6-digit serial
number.
68 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Norway (www.norges-bank.no)
200 naira (US$1.60), 2006. Like P29, but new date, new signatures, and new titles as
above.
200 naira (US$1.60), 2007. Like P29, but new date, new signatures, and 6-digit serial
number.
500 naira (US$3.95), 2006. Like P30, but new date, new signatures, and new titles as
above.
500 naira (US$4.30), 2007. Like P30, but new date, new signatures, and new titles.
1,000 naira (US$8.60), 2007. Like NGN1,000 introduced 12.10.2005, but new date. 151 x
78 mm.
In August 2007, the governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria,
Professor Chukwuma Soludo, announced the banks intention to
restructure the entire currency by dropping two zeroes or moving
two decimal points to the left from the currency, and issuing more
coin denominations. Tis would entail a total currency exchange
and phasing-out of all the existing denominations from August 1,
2008. Tis would efectively set the exchange rate of one US dollar
to 1.25 naira. Te proposed currency structure is for coins of 1, 2,
5, 10, and 20 kobo, with banknotes of 50 kobo, and 1, 5, 10, and
20 naira. A week after Soludos announcement, Nigerian Justice
Minister Michael Aondoakaa froze the plan because President
Umaru YarAdua had not given it his written permission.
Norway (www.norges-bank.no)
50 kroner (US$10), 2005. Like P46, but new date, new signatures (Svein Gjedrem,
Governor; Trond Eklund, Cashiers Department Director), wide security thread printed
Norges Bank, and Omron rings.
100 kroner (US$20), 2004, 2006, and 2007. Like P49, but new dates.
200 kroner (US$40), 2004 and 2006. Like P50, but new dates and new signatures (Svein
Gjedrem, Governor; Trond Eklund, Cashiers Department Director).
500 kroner (US$100), 2005. Like P51, but new date and new signatures (Svein Gjedrem,
Governor; Trond Eklund, Cashiers Department Director).
1,000 kroner (US$200), 2004. Like P52, but new date and new signatures (Svein Gjedrem,
Governor; Trond Eklund, Cashiers Department Director).
Pakistan (www.sbp.org.pk)
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 69
Pakistan (www.sbp.org.pk)
5 rupees (US$0.05), 2008. Introduced 08.07.2008. Greenish gray. Front: Quaid-e-
Azam in national dress (sherwani). Back: Gawader Sea Port and coat of arms. Signature
(Shamshad Akhtar, Governor), microprinting, solid security thread, denomination as latent
image, and registration device. Watermark: Quaid-e-Azam and electrotype denomination.
Printer: Pakistan Security Printing Corporation (w/o imprint). 115 x 65 mm.
P45: 10 rupees (US$0.15), 2006. Introduced 27.05.2006. Green. Front: Quaid-e-Azam in
national dress (sherwani). Back: Khyber Pass in Peshawar. Many new security features.
Watermark: Quaid-e-Azam. Printer: Pakistan Security Printing Corporation (w/o imprint).
115 x 65 mm.
10 rupees (US$0.15), 2007. Like P45, but new date.
Responding to the public outcry over the similar colors of the
20-rupee banknote (P45) issued on August 13, 2005, and the
5,000-rupee note (P51) issued on May 27, 2006, the State Bank of
Pakistan issued the following revised Rs20 note which is identical to
the previous issue, except the colors have been revised to facilitate
distinguishing it from all other denominations in the new series.
Te previous brown Rs20 remains legal tender.
20 rupees (US$0.30), 2007. Introduced 22.03.2008. Orange, green, and yellow.
Front: Quaid-e-Azam in national dress (sherwani). Back: Mohen-Jo-Daro (Mound of
the Dead) in Larkana. Signature (Shamshad Akhtar, Governor), microlettering, security
thread fuoresces blue under UV light, and denomination as latent image and registration
device. Watermark: Quaid-e-Azam and electrotype denomination. Printer: Security Printing
Corporation (w/o imprint). 123 x 65 mm.
50 rupees (US$0.70), 2008. Introduced 08.07.2008. Purple. Front: Quaid-e-Azam in
national dress (sherwani). Back: Karakoram Peak mountain and coat of arms. Signature
(Shamshad Akhtar, Governor), microprinting, solid security thread, denomination as latent
image, and registration device. Watermark: Quaid-e-Azam and electrotype denomination.
Printer: Pakistan Security Printing Corporation (w/o imprint). 131 x 65 mm.
P48: 100 rupees (US$1.65), 2006. Introduced 10.11.2006. Red, violet, and tan. Front:
Quaid-e-Azam in national dress (sherwani). Back: Quaid-e-Azam residency in Ziarat.
Signature (Shamshad Akhtar, Governor), microlettering, windowed security thread, and
denomination as latent image and registration device. Watermark: Quaid-e-Azam. Printer:
Security Printing Corporation (w/o imprint). 139 x 65 mm.
100 rupees (US$1.65), 2007 and 2008. Like P48, but new dates.
70 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Papua New Guinea (www.bankpng.gov.pg)
P49: 500 rupees (US$8.25), 2006. Introduced 10.11.2006. Teal, blue, and olive green.
Front: Quaid-e-Azam in national dress (sherwani). Back: Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.
Signature (Shamshad Akhtar, Governor), microlettering, windowed security thread, and
denomination as latent image and registration device. Watermark: Quaid-e-Azam. Printer:
Security Printing Corporation (w/o imprint). 147 x 65 mm.
500 rupees (US$7.90), 2007 and 2008. Like P49, but new dates.
P50: 1,000 rupees (US$16.50), 2006. Introduced 26.02.2007. Dark blue. Front: Quaid-
e-Azam in national dress (sherwani). Back: Islamia College in Peshawar. Signature
(Shamshad Akhtar, Governor), OVI fag, microprinting, windowed security thread,
denomination as latent image, and registration device. Watermark: Quaid-e-Azam and
electrotype denomination. Printer: Pakistan Security Printing Corporation (w/o imprint). 155
x 65 mm.
1,000 rupees (US$16.50), 2008. Like P50, but new date.
P51: 5,000 rupees (US$82.35), 2006. Introduced 27.05.2006. Mustard. Front: Quaid-
e-Azam in national dress (sherwani). Back: Faisal Mosque in Islamabad. Contains 13
security features, including silver windowed thread that appears as yellow and blue
fuorescent bands when viewed under UV light. The National Flag at right of portrait in
OVI changes color from green to golden when tilted. Watermark: Quaid-e-Azam. Printer:
Pakistan Security Printing Corporation (w/o imprint). 163 x 65 mm.
5,000 rupees (US$79.15), 2007. Like P51, but new date.
Te State Bank of Pakistan will issue banknotes bearing the
signature of Governor Syed Salim Raza starting May 15, 2009.
Tese banknotes will be in the same denomination, color, design,
and size as the existing banknotes, all of which will remain in
circulation as legal tender.
Papua New Guinea (www.bankpng.gov.pg)
2 kina (US$0.65), (20)07. Green, yellow, and light blue. National Parliament building,
two see-through windows, and signatures (Leonard Wilson Kamit, GOVERNOR; Simon
Tosali, SECRETARY DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY). Back like P21, though slightly
redesigned. Polymer. 140 x 70 mm.
5 kina (US$1.65), (20)05. Like P22, but new date, new signatures (Leonard Wilson Kamit,
GOVERNOR; Simon Tosali, SECRETARY DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY), and w/o logo.
5 kina (US$1.65), (20)07. Introduced 20.06.2007. Like P22, but new date,
new signatures (Leonard Wilson Kamit, GOVERNOR; Simon Tosali, SECRETARY
DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY), logo of 2007 XIII South Pacifc Games in upper left, and
SSH prefx.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 71
Papua New Guinea (www.bankpng.gov.pg)
5 kina (US$1.80), (20)08. Introduced 18.04.2008. National Parliament and national
crest on front. Hombuli mask from Sepik, kina shell necklace, and shell necklace from New
Ireland Province on back. Intaglio printing, clear window with 5 embossed, shadow image
of bank logo, G-Switch, iridescent bird of paradise, signatures (Leonard Wilson Kamit,
GOVERNOR; Simon Tossali, SECRETARY) and serial number fuoresce yellow/green
under UV light. Polymer. Printer: Note Printing Australia (w/o imprint).
10 kina (US$3.30), ND. Like P26, but serial number has eightnot sixdigits, uses
different font, and is positioned differently.
10 kina (US$3.60), (20)08. Introduced 18.04.2008. National Parliament and national
crest on front. Tami bowl, bird of paradise feathers, a boars tusk from the Highlands, and
Tambu shell money from East New Britain on back. Intaglio printing, clear window with 10
embossed, shadow image of bank logo, G-Switch, iridescent bird of paradise, signatures
(Leonard Wilson Kamit, GOVERNOR; Simon Tossali, SECRETARY) and serial number
fuoresce yellow/green under UV light. Polymer. Printer: Note Printing Australia (w/o
imprint).
20 kina (US$7.20), ND. Like P27, but w/o 30th anniversary seal and with new signature for
Treasury Secretary. Polymer.
20 kina (US$7.20), ND (2006). Like P27, but w/o commemorative logo at left, and
new signatures (Leonard Wilson Kamit, GOVERNOR; Simon Tossali, SECRETARY
DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY). Polymer.
20 kina (US$7.20), (20)07. Like P27, but no anniversary logo, new date, and new
signatures (Leonard Wilson Kamit, GOVERNOR; Simon Tossali, SECRETARY
DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY). Polymer.
20 kina (US$7.25), (20)07. Introduced 05.11.2007. Parliament House and national
crest (a stylized bird of paradise sitting on a kundu [drum] and a spear) as G-Switch.
Boars head, toea arm band from the Central Province, a cowrie shell necklace from
Madang, and a shell ornament from the Western Province on back. Intaglio printing,
20 embossed on see-through window, bank logo as latent image, black serial numbers
and signatures (Leonard Wilson Kamit, GOVERNOR; Simon Tosali, SECRETARY
DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY) fuoresce yellow/green under UV light, iridescent bird of
paradise on back. Polymer. 150 x 75 mm.
72 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Papua New Guinea (www.bankpng.gov.pg)
Tese two notes commemorate the 35th anniversary of the Bank
of Papua New Guinea, although only the 2-kina note carries a
special bank logo on front.
2 kina
Green. Front: Coat of arms with bird of paradise with drum and spear; Parliament building
in Port Moresby; BPNG logo. Back: Mount Hagan axe; Kula arm band from Milne Bay
Province; engraved dogs tooth necklace from Bougainville; Sepik clay pot; tapa cloth
patterns. No security thread. Watermark: BPNG logo. Printer: NPA (w/o imprint). 140 x 70
mm. Polymer.
a. (20)08. Signature: Unknown. Introduced 31.10.2008.
50 kina
Orange. Front: Coat of arms with bird of paradise with drum and spear; Parliament
building in Port Moresby. Back: Prime Minister Michael Somare; spears from Sepik;
shield and mask from New Ireland; leaf and pointed Tubuan face mas from New Briton;
headdress from the Highlands; mask and costume from Sepik River. No security thread.
Watermark: BPNG logo. Printer: NPA (w/o imprint). 150 x 75 mm. Polymer
a. (20)08. Signature: Unknown. Introduced 31.10.2008.
Te April 27, 2009, edition of the Post Courier, carried the
following speech by the governor of the Bank of Papua New
Guinea, Wilson Kamit, concerning the issue of commemorative 20-
kina and 100-kina banknotes on April 23, 2009:
Members of the Board, invited guests, staf and management
of the Bank of PNG, media representatives, ladies and gentlemen,
welcome to the release of the our new K20 and K100 paper
banknotes commemorating the 2009 KINA & TOEA DAY which
is on 19 April 2009. Tis day unfortunately falls on the weekend
this year so we decided to celebrate it today.
Ladies and gentlemen, when we introduced our own currency
in 1975, it was one of the many steps of nation building, just
like introducing our own national fag, national anthem and
international institutions such as the Bank of PNG. Te frst issue
of banknotes was in three denominations, namely the 2 Kina, 5
Kina and 10 Kina notes. Te 20 Kina banknote was introduced
three years later in 1978, followed by the 50 Kina banknote in 1989
and the 100 Kina note in 2005. Initially, apart from the 100 Kina
banknote, all these denominations were in paper substrate.
Our currency has evolved over the 34 years, keeping abreast
of the growth and development of the country, the monetization
within the economy, changes in the technology of producing
currency and the economics (cost) of producing coins and
banknotes. You would no doubt have noticed that we have
converted our banknotes from paper to polymer substrate as a result
of advancement in security and technologies for printing banknotes.
Tis however does not stop us from issuing paper banknotes
as well because the technology for paper substrate has evolved
with advanced security features as we shall see on our new K100
banknote.
In 2005 we commenced a review of our family of currency. Te
Bank introduced the K100 as the highest denomination in the
family of banknotes, and reduced the size of the K1 coin. Te larger
sized K1 coin is being gradually withdrawn from circulation. We
also demonetized the one and two toea copper coins. Last year, we
introduced the new K2 coin which is being used alongside the K2
banknote. Given the frequent usage with the resultant wear and tear
of the K2 banknote, we will assess the usage of the K2 coin before
deciding on its future.
For the banknotes, we standardized the main theme on all the
new series to show the National Parliament House on the front
which emphasized Nation building and Nationhood. Te images
of the Parliament House on each of the banknotes are taken at
diferent angles to make each note unique and diferent. On the
back of the notes, we retained the original designs of traditional
forms of money used in diferent parts of Papua New Guinea.
Tere are advanced security features incorporated in all these new
series of banknotes to protect against counterfeiting. To date, we
have not experience any major counterfeiting in our banknotes but
it is worthy to take preventive action than to be sorry after.
As I have mentioned during previous releases of our various
currencies, Papua New Guinea is predominantly a cash-based
economy, where the majority of our people continue to use cash
(coins and banknotes) as the main form of payment in settling
their transactions. We will therefore ensure an acceptable quality of
banknotes with longevity, given our humid, tropical climate and the
frequent and rough handling of currency by the public.
Te Bank has engaged De La Rue Currency to produce these two
commemorative paper banknotes. As a risk management strategy,
we have the option to use them should the supplier of our polymer
(plastic) banknotes be unable to produce our banknotes. De La Rue
has developed a more advanced security feature called the Optiks
security thread, which can be seen through the aperture at the front
of the new K100 note, making it difcult to produce counterfeits.
It is also prudent to have an alternative supplier so that we can
optimize on the price quality and swiftness of delivery of orders
from our suppliers.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 73
Paraguay (www.bcp.gov.py)
20 kina (US$7.60)
Red-brown. Front: 35th anniversary logo; coat of arms with bird of paradise perched
on Kundu drum and ceremonial spear; National Parliament building in Port Moresby.
Back: boar head; toea (cowrie shell) necklace from Madang; Toa armband from Central
Province; shell ornament from Western Province; tapa cloth patterns. Windowed
security thread with demetalized BPNG. Watermark: Bank logo, electrotype BPNG, and
Cornerstones. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 150 x 75 mm.
a. (20)09. Signature 11. Introduced 04.23.2009.
100 kina (US$38)
Green and gold. Front: 35th anniversary logo; coat of arms with bird of paradise perched
on Kundu drum and ceremonial spear; National Parliament building in Port Moresby.
Back: Palm tree; cowrie shells; fsh; timber; cargo ship; oil rig; bird; jumbo jet; dump truck;
microwave tower. Optiks security thread with demetalized BPNG 100. Watermark: Bank
logo, electrotype BPNG, and Cornerstones. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 150 x 75 mm.
a. (20)09. Signature 11. Introduced 04.23.2009.
Paraguay (www.bcp.gov.py)
10,000 guaranies (US$2.20), 2005. Like P224, but new date, new signatures, and
denomination added to upper right corner on front.
Te Central Bank of Paraguay reported that six boxes containing
250,000 new 50,000-guaran notes were stolen during shipment
by sea between France and Uruguay. Te notes are dated 2005
and carry C serial number prefxes. Tey were intended to enter
circulation in early December 2006, but in response to the theft,
the Central Bank canceled the emission of the C series in this
denomination. Te total value of the theft exceeds US$2.3 million.
50,000 guaranes (US$12.35), 2007. Introduced 12.05.2008. Purple, peach, and green.
D prefx. Portrait of guitarist and composer Agustn Po Barrios (also known as Mangor)
on front. Guitar on back. Musical score in UV ink, guitar as registration device, watermark,
novel serial numbers, signatures (Ramon Arrllaga, GERENTE GENERAL; Germn Rojas,
PRESIDENTE). Printer: FRANOIS-CHARLES OBERTHUR. 157 x 67 mm.
74 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Peru (www.bcrp.gob.pe)
100,000 guaranes (US$20.85), 2004. Like P219, but B prefx, new date, new signatures
(unknown, GERENTE GENERAL; unknown, PRESIDENTE), redesigned hologram, and
vertical serial number now with novel numbering. Printer: DE LA RUE. 157 x 67 mm.
P227: 100,000 guaranes (US$20.85), 2005. Introduced December 2006. Like P219, but C
prefx, new date, new signatures (Ramon Arrllaga, GERENTE GENERAL; Monica Perez,
PRESIDENTA), and hologram replaced by gold OVI. Printer: FRANOIS-CHARLES
OBERTHUR. 157 x 67 mm.
On December 10, 2008, the Bank of Paraguay released into
circulation revised 20,000-guaran (prefx B) and 100,000-guaran
(prefx D) banknotes. Te designs of the notes are similar to
the preceding issues of the same denominations, but have new
signatures, new dates (2007), and reworked illustrations on front
and back. Both notes are protected by a windowed Motion security
thread. A new 2,000-guaran note is scheduled for introduction in
August or September 2009.
Peru (www.bcrp.gob.pe)
10 nuevos soles (US$3.15), 27 DE SETIEMBRE DEL 2001. Like P166, but new date, new
signatures, 10 in watermark. Printer: DE LA RUE.
10 nuevos soles (US$3.15), 11 DE AGOSTO DE 2005. Introduced 14.11.2006. Like
P166, but new date, new signatures, and new security features: vertical denomination 10
at right in fuschia-to-green OVI, and old color-changing hexagonal planchettes replaced by
iridescent stripe with 10 and BCRP repeating to left of portrait of Jos Abelardo Quiones
Gonzales.
10 nuevos soles (US$3.15), 21 DE DECEMBRE DE 2006. Like P166, but new date,
new signatures (unknown, PRESIDENTE; unknown, DIRECTOR; unknown, GERENTE
GENERAL), and new security features: vertical denomination 10 at right in fuschia-to-
green OVI, and old color-changing hexagonal planchettes replaced by iridescent stripe
with 10 and BCRP repeating to left of portrait of Jos Abelardo Quiones Gonzales.
Printer: FCOF.
20 nuevos soles (US$6.30), 12 DE OCTUBRE DEL 2000. Like P169, but new date and
new signatures. Printer: B A BANKNOTE.
20 nuevos soles (US$6.30), 28 DE OCTUBRE DE 2004. Like P169, but new date and new
signatures. Printer: FCOF.
20 nuevos soles (US$6.30), 21 DE DECEMBRE DE 2006. Like P169, but new date and
new signatures (unknown, PRESIDENTE; unknown, DIRECTOR; unknown, GERENTE
GENERAL). Printer: DE LA RUE.
50 nuevos soles (US$15.70), unknown date. Introduced 12.03.2007. Like P169A, but
new date, new signatures, and new security features: vertical denomination 50 at right in
fuschia-to-green OVI, and old color-changing hexagonal planchettes replaced by iridescent
stripe with 50 and BCRP repeating to left of portrait, plus a windowed security thread.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 75
Poland (www.nbp.pl)
50 nuevos soles (US$15.70), 21 DE DECEMBRE DE 2006. Like P169A, but new date and
new signatures (unknown, PRESIDENTE; unknown, DIRECTOR; unknown, GERENTE
GENERAL). Printer: FCOF.
100 nuevos soles (US$31.45), 28 DE OCTUBRE DE 2004. Like P170, but new date and
new signatures. Printer: FCOF.
100 nuevos soles (US$31.45), 21 DE DECEMBRE DE 2006. Like P170, but new date and
new signatures (unknown, PRESIDENTE; unknown, DIRECTOR; unknown, GERENTE
GENERAL). Printer: GD (Giesecke & Devrient).
Philippines (www.bsp.gov.ph)
20 pesos (US$0.45), 2006, 2007, and 2008. Like P182, but new dates and new signatures
(GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, Pangulo ng Pilipinas; AMANDO M. TETANGCO, JR.,
Tagapangaslwa ng Bangko Sentral). 160 x 65 mm.
50 pesos (US$1.15), 2006 and 2008. Like P193, but new dates and new signatures
(GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, Pangulo ng Pilipinas; AMANDO M. TETANGCO, JR.,
Tagapangaslwa ng Bangko Sentral). 160 x 65 mm.
100 pesos (US$2.30), 2007 and 2008. Like P194, but new dates. 160 x 65 mm.
100 pesos (US$2.30), 2008. Ten million notes introduced 20.06.2008, to commemorate the
centennial of the University of the Philippines. Like P194, but new date, and overprint of
the Oblation, an iconic concrete sculpture of a man with face up and arms stretched-wide
symbolizing the selfess offering of service to ones country. 160 x 65 mm.
Poland (www.nbp.pl)
76 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Qatar (www.qcb.gov.qa)
P178: 50 zlotych (US$19.90), 16 pazdziernika 2006. Introduced 16.10.2006, the 28th
anniversary of Karol Wojtyas election to the papacy. Designed by Andrzej Heidrich and
engraved by J.M. Kopecki. John Paul II holding crucifx-topped staff at right, world map
in background on front. Inauguration of John Paul II with cardinal Stefan Wyszynski, a
quotation from Letter to Poles, Jasna Gra Monastery and church on back. Signatures
(Leszek Balcerowicz, Prezes; Mariusz Mastalerz, Glwny Skarbnik), watermark of papal
seal, security thread printed 50 ZL, microlettering of countries visited by pope, Peters keys
as registration device, JP II as latent image, papal seal fuoresces red and green under UV
light, JP prefx. Printer: PWPW S.A. (Polska Wytwrnia Papierw Wartosciowych SA). 144
x 72 mm.
On October 21, 2008, the National Bank of Poland announced
that it would issue a 10-zloty note to commemorate the 90th
anniversary of regaining independence. Te front of the note will
depict Commander Jzef Pisudski and the front faade of the
Belweder Palace. Te back of the note contains the Emblem of the
Polish Republicthe White Eagleas designed in 1919, as well as
the Monument of the Heroic Deed of Polish Legions in Kielce. On
November 3, 2008, the National Bank of Poland introduced the
new 10-zloty note. 80,000 notes were packaged in a folder and sold
for PLN15. Te note was engraved by Maciej Kopecki.
10 zloty (US$3.35)
Pink and orange. Front: Coat of arms; Belweder Palace in Warsaw; Commander Jzef
Pisudski. Back: White eagle; Monument of the Heroic Deed of Polish Legions in Kielce.
Solid security thread with microprinted 10 Z. Watermark: Pisudski and electrotype
denomination. Printer: PWPW S.A. (Polska Wytwrnia Papierw Wartosciowych SA). 138
x 69 mm.
a. 4 CZERWCA 2008 (04.06.2008). Signatures:
Sawomir Skrzypek, PREZES (President); Monika
Nowosielska, GWNY SKARBNIK (Main Cashier).
Introduced 03.11.2008.
Qatar (www.qcb.gov.qa)
According to a Gulf Times article dated February 25, 2009,
Qatars 100- and 500-rial notes originally issued in 2003 (Pick 24
and 25, respectively) can be exchanged for new notes at all banks
through June 15; for ten years afterwards they can be redeemed only
at the Qatar Central Bank. Te old notes are being withdrawn in
favor of the new versions of these denominations which were issued
in 2007 with wide Optiks security threads.
100 riyals (US$27.45)
Green. Front: Coat of arms with dhow, palm trees, and crossed swords. Back: Mosque of
the Sheikhs with minaret; al- Shaqab Institute building. Solid and Optiks security threads.
Watermark: Falcon head and electrotype denomination. Printer: THOMAS DE LA RUE &
COMPANY, LIMITED. 158 x 72 mm.
a. No date. Signature 4. Introduced 26.09.2007.
500 riyals (US$137.30)
Green. Front: Coat of arms with dhow, palm trees, and crossed swords. Back: Royal
Palace; Al-Wajbah Fort; falcon head. Solid and Optiks security threads. Watermark:
Falcon head and electrotype denomination. Printer: THOMAS DE LA RUE & COMPANY,
LIMITED. 164 x 73.5 mm.
a. No date. Signature 4. Introduced 26.09.2007.
On September 15, 2008, the Qatar Central Bank issued a new
series of four notes1, 5, 10, and 50 riyalswhich have symbols
along the left front edge that facilitate their use by the visually
handicapped. Preceding note issues of the same denominations
will remain legal tender, but will be gradually replaced by the new
series. New 100- and 500-riyal notes are in the works, but details
arent available. Tese denominations were upgraded in 2007 with
the addition of the 18-mm wide Optiks security thread with see-
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 77
Romania (www.bnro.ro)
through window, so bank ofcials did not feel the need to update
them at this time.
1 riyal (US$0.30)
Blue and purple. Front: Coat of arms with dhow, palm trees, and crossed swords. Back:
Three native birds: crested lark, Eurasian bee eater, and lesser sand plover. Solid and
windowed security threads. Watermark: Falcon head and electrotype denomination.
Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 134 x 66 mm.
a. No date. Signature 4. Introduced 15.09.2008.
5 riyals (US$1.40)
Green. Front: Coat of arms with dhow, palm trees, and crossed swords. Back: National
Museum building; oryx and camel. Solid and windowed security threads. Watermark:
Falcon head and electrotype denomination. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 140 x 67.5 mm.
a. No date. Signature 4. Introduced 15.09.2008.
10 riyals (US$2.75)
Green. Front: Coat of arms with dhow, palm trees, and crossed swords. Back: Dhow; sand
dune at Khor al-Udeid. Solid and windowed security threads. Watermark: Falcon head and
electrotype denomination. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 146 x 69 mm.
a. No date. Signature 4. Introduced 15.09.2008.
50 riyals (US$13.75)
Green. Front: Coat of arms with dhow, palm trees, and crossed swords. Back: Qatar
Central Bank building; Oyster and Pearl monument. Holographic stripe. Windowed
security thread. Watermark: Falcon head and electrotype denomination. Printer: TDLR
(w/o imprint). 152 x 70.5 mm.
a. No date. Signature 4. Introduced 15.09.2008.
Romania (www.bnro.ro)
10 lei (US$3.10), 1 decembrie 2008. Like P119, but new date. Polymer.
78 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Russia (www.cbr.ru)
200 lei (US$86.70), 1 decembrie 2006. Orange. Lucian Blaga as portrait and
watermark, poppies, open book with page from poems Self-portrait and 9 May 1895, coat
of arms, NBR logo, signatures (Mugur Isarescu, Governor; unknown, Head Cashier),
transparent window with pen and 200 embossed, denomination in gold-to-green OVI,
registration device, security thread, and microperforations. Neolithic statue of the Thinker
of Hamangia, rainbow, water mill with NBR latent image, sessile oak, NBR logo, vertical
serial number in black, horizontal novel serial number in red, and iridescent stripe on back.
Polymer. 150 x 82 mm.
Russia (www.cbr.ru)
P278: 5,000 rubles (US$210), 1997. Introduced 31.07.2006. Red and brown. Statesman
Nikolay Nikolayevich Muravyov-Amurskys monument in Khabarovsk at center with
commercial ship in background; his bust as watermark. Automobile bridge across
Amur River (the border between Russia and China negotiated by Muravyov) on back.
Denomination appears in microperforations, windowed security thread, Khabarovsk coat
of arms in crimson-to-green OVI, CBRF microprinting, silhouettes of tigers, bears, fsh, and
trees. 157 x 69 mm.
Rwanda (www.bnr.rw)
100 francs (US$0.20), 01-09-2003. Like P29, but new date, date at front lower left, and
bank name, counterfeiting warning, and denomination in English in addition to French.
1,000 francs (US$1.80), 01.02.2008. Like P31, but new date and new bank name on front.
2,000 francs (US$3.70), 31-10-2007. Introduced mid-December 2007. Violet. Satellite
dish and tower on front. Coffee beans on back. Holographic stripe at left, BNR as
electrotype watermark and latent image, 2000 as registration device, fuorescent fbers,
microtext, windowed security thread with 2000 repeating, signatures (Franois Kanimba,
Umuyobozi wa Banki; unknown, Umuyobozi wa Banki Wungirije). Printer: TDLR (w/o
imprint).142 x 72 mm.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 79
Samoa (www.cbs.gov.ws)
5,000 francs (US$9.15), 01-04-2004. Introduced 12.06.2004. Purple, violet, and pink.
Gorilla, holographic stripe, latent image, electrotype BNR and bank logo as watermark,
5000 as registration device and in OVI, signatures (unknown, Visi-Guverineri wa mbere;
unknown, Guverineri). Name of bank and denominations in French, English, and
Kinyarwanda. Woven baskets and windowed security thread on back. 146 x 73 mm.
St. Thomas & Prince (www.bcstp.st)
100,000 dobras (US$6)
Light blue, green, and dark red. Front: Lines from poem In Corao em frica (Courage
in Africa); papagaio-cinz (gray parrot); leaves; coat of arms; compass rose; poet Francisco
Jos Tenreiro; silver foil open book. Back: Men in costumes with shields standing before
monument, celebrating Auto de Floripes in the city of Santo Antnio on the island of
Prncipe. Two security threads with demetalized BCSTP. Watermark: Rei Amador. Printer:
DE LA RUE. 150 x 67 mm.
a. 03 de Junho de 2005. Signatures: Adelino
Castelo David, MINISTRO DO PLANEAMENTO
E FINANCAS; Maria do Carmo Trovoada Silveira,
GOVERNADORA DO BANCO CENTRAL.
Introduced 22.12.2008.

as. Specimen.
Samoa (www.cbs.gov.ws)
Samoa commissioned De La Rue of England to design and
print 9.4 million banknotes at a cost of about US$2.8 million.
Replacement notes: Prefx ZZ.
5 tala (US$1.95)
Red. Front: Beach. Back: Robert Louis Stevensons house in Vailima. Windowed security
thread with demetalized CBS. Watermark: Male head in profle and electrotype CBS and
10, plus Cornerstones. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 152.4 x 69.85 mm.
a. No date. Signatures: Niko Lee Hang, Minister of
Finance; Leasi Papalii Tommy Scanlan, Governor.
Introduced 01.08.2008.

10 tala (US$3.95)
Blue. Front: Rugby team being crowned champions at the IRB Hong Kong Sevens in
2007. Back: Samoan school children on their way to school. Windowed security thread
with demetalized CBS. Watermark: Male head in profle and electrotype CBS and 10, plus
Cornerstones. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 152.4 x 69.85 mm.
a. No date. Signatures: Niko Lee Hang, Minister of
Finance; Leasi Papalii Tommy Scanlan, Governor.
Introduced 01.08.2008.
20 tala (US$7.90)
Yellow. Front: Cascading waterfall. Back: Manumea (national bird) and Teuila (national
fower). Windowed security thread with demetalized CBS. Watermark: Male head in profle
and electrotype CBS plus Cornerstones. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 152.4 x 69.85 mm.
a. No date. Signatures: Niko Lee Hang, Minister of
Finance; Leasi Papalii Tommy Scanlan, Governor.
Introduced 01.08.2008.
80 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Saudi Arabia (www.sama-ksa.org)
50 tala (US$19.75)
Purple. Front: Government building at Matagialalua. Back: Central Bank of Samoa
building. Optiks security thread. Watermark: Male head in profle and electrotype CBS.
Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 152.4 x 69.85 mm.
a. No date. Signatures: Niko Lee Hang, Minister of
Finance; Leasi Papalii Tommy Scanlan, Governor.
Introduced 01.08.2008.
100 tala (US$39.50)
Green. Front: Malietoa Tanumafli II. Back: Mulivai Catholic Cathedral. Optiks security
thread. Watermark: Male head in profle and electrotype CBS. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint).
152.4 x 69.85 mm.
a. No date. Signatures: Niko Lee Hang, Minister of
Finance; Leasi Papalii Tommy Scanlan, Governor.
Introduced 01.08.2008.
Saudi Arabia (www.sama-ksa.org)
1 riyal (US$0.25), 2007. Introduced 31.12.2007. Light green. Front of frst Islamic dinar
coin at center, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz portrait at right. SAMA headquarters on back.
Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 133 x 63 mm.

5 riyals (US$1.35), 2007. Introduced 16.07.2007. Violet. Ras Tanorah oil refnery at
center, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz portrait at right. Jubayl Port in eastern region on back.
Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 145 x 66 mm.
10 riyals (US$2.65), 2007. Introduced 16.07.2007. Brown. King Abdulazizs palace
in Almoraba Area at center, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz portrait at right. King Abdulaziz
Historical Center in Riyadh on back. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 150 x 68 mm.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 81
Scotland, Bank of Scotland (www.bankofscotland.co.uk)
50 riyals (US$13.35), 2007. Introduced 21.05.2007. Dark green. Al Sakhra Dome
Mosque at center, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz portrait at right, also as watermark
along and electrotype denomination, intaglio printing, visually impaired recognition bars,
microtext, holographic stripe. Al Aqsa Mosque in Al Quds Al Shareef (Jerusalem), emblem
of state in gold, fuorescent shapes, and windowed security thread on back. Printer: De La
Rue (w/o imprint). 155 x 70 mm.
100 riyals (US$26.65), 2007. Introduced 21.05.2007. Red. Green Dome of The
Prophets Mosque at center, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz portrait at right, also as
watermark along and electrotype denomination, intaglio printing, visually impaired
recognition bars, microtext, holographic stripe. The Prophets Mosque in Al Madinah Al
Monawarah, emblem of state in gold, fuorescent shapes, and windowed security thread on
back. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 160 x 72 mm.
500 riyals (US$133.30), 2007. Introduced 17.09.2007. Blue. Holy Kaaba at center,
King Abdullah bin Abdulrahman Al Saud portrait at right. Holy Mosque in Makkah Al
Mukarramah on back. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 166 x 74 mm.
Scotland, Bank of Scotland (www.bankofscotland.co.uk)
5 pounds (US$10.45), 17th SEPTEMBER 2007. Blue. Sir Walter Scott and banks
head offce on front. Brig o Doon over the Doon River near Alloway in Ayrshire on back.
Thin windowed security thread, iridescent band at right, signatures (Dennis Stevenson,
Governor; Colin Matthew, Treasurer), Scott as watermark and electrotype denomination,
Cornerstone watermarks, microprinting, four thistles in UV ink, bank logo as registration
device, intaglio printing, and vertical and horizontal novel serial numbers. Printer: De La
Rue (w/o imprint). 135 x 70 mm.
10 pounds (US$20.90), 17th SEPTEMBER 2007. Brown. Sir Walter Scott and banks
head offce on front. Glenfnnan Viaduct on the West Highland Railway line between Fort
William and Mallaig on back. Thin windowed security thread, iridescent band at right,
signatures (Dennis Stevenson, Governor; Colin Matthew, Treasurer), Scott as watermark
and electrotype denomination, Cornerstone watermarks, microprinting, four thistles in UV
ink, bank logo as registration device, intaglio printing, and vertical and horizontal novel
serial numbers. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 142 x 75 mm.
20 pounds (US$41.80), 17th SEPTEMBER 2007. Pink. Sir Walter Scott and banks
head offce on front. Forth Bridge in Queensferry on back. Wide windowed red-to-green
security thread, hologram of bank logo and denomination, signatures (Dennis Stevenson,
Governor; Colin Matthew, Treasurer), Scott as watermark and electrotype denomination,
Cornerstone watermarks, microprinting, four thistles in UV ink, bank logo as registration
device, intaglio printing, and vertical and horizontal novel serial numbers. Printer: De La
Rue (w/o imprint). 149 x 80 mm.
82 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Scotland, Clydesdale Bank (www.cbonline.co.uk)
50 pounds (US$104.50), 17th SEPTEMBER 2007. Green. Wide windowed security
thread that changes red to green when tilted, hologram of bank logo and denomination.
Sir Walter Scott and banks head offce on front. Falkirk Wheel rotating boat lift on back.
Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 156 x 85 mm.
100 pounds (US$208.95), 17th SEPTEMBER 2007. Red. Sir Walter Scott and banks
head offce on front. Kessock Bridge over the Moray and Beauly Firths between Inverness
and the Black Isle on back. Wide windowed red-to-green security thread, hologram of
bank logo and denomination, signatures (Dennis Stevenson, Governor; Colin Matthew,
Treasurer), Scott as watermark and electrotype denomination, Cornerstone watermarks,
microprinting, four thistles in UV ink, bank logo as registration device, intaglio printing, and
vertical and horizontal novel serial numbers. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint). 163 x 90
mm.
Scotland, Clydesdale Bank (www.cbonline.co.uk)
20 pounds (US$41.80), 25th March 2006. Introduced 21.12.2006. Like P228f, but RB
prefx, new bank logo, Bruces original heraldic shield plus 700th anniversary 1306 - 2006
at right, and 700th anniversary of the enthronement of Robert the Bruce as King of Scots,
which took place at Scone Palace on 25 March 1306 on back.
20 pounds (US$39.10), 24th JUNE 2006. Front like P229E, back like P221, but new
date.
At Edinburgh Castle on January 14, 2009, First Minister Alex
Salmond and the Clydesdale Banks chief operating ofcer David
Torburn announced that a new series of banknotes had been
designed to celebrate the best of Scotlands heritage, people, and
culture, coinciding with the 250th anniversary of the birth of
Robert Burns and the Year of Homecoming 2009. Te new notes
will enter circulation in late autumn 2009.
Te new family of banknotes celebrates famous Scots on the
front and the fve World Heritage Sites in Scotland on the back,
drawing on the Homecoming themes of Burns, Great Minds and
Innovation, Culture and Heritage. Te new designs are:
5: Scientist Sir Alexander Fleming and St. Kilda
10: Poet Robert Burns and Te Old and New Towns of
Edinburgh
20: King Robert the Bruce and New Lanark
50: Sufragette Elsie Inglis and Te Antonine Wall
100: Architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Heart of
Neolithic Orkney
Tese notes will be the frst in the UK to have a new depth
image security hologram.
Scotland, Royal Bank of Scotland (www.rbs.co.uk)
10 pounds (US$14), 19th SEPTEMBER 2006. Like P353, but new date. Printer: THOMAS
DE LA RUE AND COMPANy LIMITED.
20 pounds (US$28), 20th DECEMBER 2007. Like P354, but new date. Printer: THOMAS
DE LA RUE AND COMPANy LIMITED.
Serbia (www.nbs.yu)
P46a: 10 dinar (US$0.20), 2006. Introduced 19.05.2006. Ochre-yellow, brown, and green.
Vuk Stefanovic Karadic, the creator of contemporary Serbian alphabet, his writing kit,
and an open book (exhibits from the standing collection of the Museum devoted to Vuk S.
Karadic and Dositej Obradovic) on front. Members of the First Slavic Congress held in
Prague in 1848 and vignette of the letters Karadic introduced on back (vertical format).
Signature (Radovan Jelaic, GUVERNER). 131 x 62 mm.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 83
Seychelles (www.cbs.sc)
P47a: 20 dinar (US$0.40), 2006. Introduced 18.07.2006. Green, ochre-yellow, and black.
Petar II Petrovic Njego, with a line sketch of the Cetinje monastery at right. Figure of
Petar II Petrovi Njego, detail from the decorative miniature featured on the frst Slavic
Octoechos, printed in Cetinje in 1494, mountain range of Komovi on back (vertical format).
Signature (Radovan Jelaic, GUVERNER). 135 x 64 mm.
P49a: 100 dinar (US$1.90), 2006. Introduced 20.10.2006. Like P41, but new date,
repositioned registration device, and Republic of Serbia coat of arms instead of National
Bank of Serbia logo on back. 143 x 68 mm.
P51a: 500 dinars (US$9.35), 2007. Introduced 04.06.2007. Like P43, but new date and
Republic of Serbia coat of arms instead of National Bank of Serbia logo.
P52a: 1,000 dinar (US$18.75), 2006. Introduced 18.07.2006. Like P44, but with new coat
of arms and signature as on back of P46. 151 x 72 mm.
In December 2007, the National Bank of Serbia announced a
design competition open to the public to create a new banknote
series containing nine denominations: 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500,
1,000, 2,000, and 5,000 dinars. Te new notes arent expected to be
issued until 2010.
Seychelles (www.cbs.sc)
Tis note is like Pick 38, but it has a silver foil swordfsh in the
upper right front. Also, at 2 mm the security thread is twice as wide
as that on the older note.
50 rupees (US$3.00)
Green, brown, and lilac. Front: Coat of arms; map; angel fsh; paille en queue orchids;
turtle; silver foil swordfsh. Back: Cowrie shells; cars; clock tower in Victoria; yellow-fn
tuna fsh; tiomitio bird. Windowed security thread with demetalized CBS. Watermark:
Turtle. Printer: Unknown. 150 x 75 mm.
a. No date. Signature Francis Chang Leng,
GOVERNOR. Introduced early 2005.
84 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Sierra Leone (www.bankofsierraleone-centralbank.org)
Sierra Leone (www.bankofsierraleone-centralbank.org)
1,000 leones (US$0.35), 1
ST
February 2002. Like P24, but new date, new signatures,
windowed security thread, shaded watermark area, left serial number vertical, and novel
serial numbering.
1,000 leones (US$0.35), 4
TH
AUGUST 2006. Like P24, but new date and new signatures
(Dr. James D. Rogers, GOVERNOR; Mohamed S. Fofana, DEPUTY GOVERNOR).
2,000 leones (US$0.65), 4
TH
AUGUST 2006. Like P27, but new date and new signatures.
5,000 leones (US$1.65), 27
TH
APRIL 1996. Like P21, but new date.
5,000 leones (US$1.65), 4
TH
AUGUST 2006. Like P28, but new date, new signatures, and
two-letter prefx.
10,000 leones (US$3.20), 4th AUGUST 2007. Like P29, but new date.
Singapore (www.mas.gov.sg)
P47: 5 dollars (US$3.25), ND. Introduced 18.05.2007. Green. Portrait of Encik Yusof
bin Ishak on front. Garden City theme on back. See-through windows, latent image of
Singapore Arms on gold Singapore Lion, security thread in the shape of the Singapore
island. Polymer. 133 x 66 mm.
10 dollars (US$7.10), ND (2007). Introduced 01.02.2008. Like P48, but new signature
(Goh Chok Tong, CHAIRMAN). Polymer.
Te following note commemorates the 40
th
anniversary of the
Currency Interchangeability Agreement between both Brunei and
Singapore. Te Monetary Authority of Singapore will issue a total of
3 million individual notes, and is also selling 10,000 limited edition
sets with similar Brunei notes bearing matching serial numbers for
S$88.
20 dollars (US$13.10), 2007. Introduced 27.06.2007. Orange. Novel serial numbers,
A prefx, two embossed see-through windows, gold lion with latent image of arms, security
thread shaped like Singapore island, and red-to-gold OVD. Portrait of Encik Yusof bin
Ishak at right, Dendrobium Puan Noor Aishah orchids at center, Ishak watermark at left.
On back: Singapores esplanade and buildings along the citys waterfront at left; the Sultan
Omar Ali Saifuddien mosque, Royal Barge, and water village at right. Polymer. 149 x 72
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 85
Slovenia (www.bsi.si)
mm.
20 dollars (US$13.10), 2007. As above, but paired in folder with Brunei note with
matching serial number, SGD prefx, and 40th Anniversary Currency Interchangeability
Agreement overprint in red.
P49: 50 dollars (US$32.85), ND. Like P41, but new signature (Lee Hsien Loong,
CHAIRMAN BORD OF COMMISSIONERS OF CURRENCY SINGAPORE).
Slovakia (www.nbs.sk)
Slovakias prime minister, Robert Fico, has proposed that the
European Central Bank issue 1- and 2-euro notes so that Slovakians
wont feel poorer when changing their national currency from the
korun to the euro in 2009. Te ECB opposes the move to replace
low-value coins with notes.
20 korun (US$0.80), 2006. Like P20, but new date, series V.
20 korun (US$1), 20. OKTBRA 2006. Like P20, but new date and new signatures. Series
S. Printer: Giesecke & Devrient (w/o imprint). 128 x 65 mm.
50 korun (US$2), 16. NOVEMBRA 2005. Like P21, but new date and new signatures.
200 korun (US$8.45), 1. JNA 2006. Like P41, but new date and new signatures.
500 korun (US$20), 10. JLA 2006. Like P31, but new date and new signatures.
1,000 korun (US$40), 25 AUGUSTA 2005. Like P42, but new date and new signatures
(Ivan ramko, Governor; Jan Mathes, Executive Director, Currency Division). Printer: DE
LA RUE.
1,000 korun (US$42.20), 1. AUGUSTA 2007. Like P42, but new date and new signatures
(Milena Korenova).
Slovenia (www.bsi.si)
On January 1, 2007, Slovenia replaced its tolar with the euro.
Slovenia will not print euro notes for the time being, and will use
previously issued banknotes from other eurozone member states. No
country code has been reserved for Slovenia.
86 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Solomon Islands (www.cbsi.com.sb)
5,000 tolars (US$30.20), 15. JANUAR 2004. Introduced 02.08.2004. Like P33, but new
date and new signatures as above.
Solomon Islands (www.cbsi.com.sb)
P25: 2 dollars (US$0.25), ND (2006). Introduced 02.09.2006. Like P23, but printed on
paper, no commemorative seal, fag and pole added to left of center, and novel serial
numbers. 140 x 70 mm.
P27: 10 dollars (US$1.40), ND (2005). Introduced 02.06.2005. Like P20, but signature 8,
fag and pole added to left of center, windowed security thread, and serial number at right
now vertical.
P28: 20 dollars (US$2.75), ND. Like P21, but signature 8, fag and pole added to left of
center, windowed security thread, and serial number at right now vertical.
P29: 50 dollars (US$6.85), ND (2005). Introduced 02.06.2005. Like P24, but signature 8
and holographic security emblem to right of coat of arms. 160 x 72 mm.
P30: 100 dollars (US$13.75), ND (2006). Introduced 02.09.2006. Light brown, red, and
peach. Falcon head watermark, fag, windowed security thread, coat of arms, holographic
security emblem, and registration device. Coconut harvesting, palms, and ray on back. 160
x 72 mm.
Somalia
A new variety of Somalias 1,000-shilling note (US$0.75) dated
1996 has been reported. Tis new note difers from the previously
reported Pick 37a and 37b in that it uses diferent fonts for the
serial and control numbers.
Furthermore, please note SCWPM, Volume III, 14th edition fails
to mention that the left-hand signature on Pick 37a (1990) difers
from that on Pick 37b (1996).
According to a Reuters report dated 29.03.2008, Somalias
central bank plans to revamp the countrys currency because
of a food of fake notes printed by warlords and businessmen.
Addressing a donors meeting in neighbouring Kenya, the banks
director general, Sharif Mohamed Hassan, said greedy individuals
had pumped counterfeit cash into the market for years, driving
the local unit to its lowest ever level. Te present situation of
counterfeit money is catastrophic, he said. Its a priority to provide
the market with a stock of new banknotes with good security
features. Of course this is not easy, as the fake notes are printed in
many areas that are not properly controlled. He said Somalias new
notes would be produced by a world renowned money printer,
but did not give a timetable.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 87
Sri Lanka (www.cbsl.gov.lk)
Somaliland
100 shillings (US$0.10), 2002. Like P5, but new date. Signature 3 (Abdirahman Dualle,
GUDDOOMIYAH; Abdi Mohamoud Gullet, LACAGHAYAHA).
500 shillings (US$0.40), 2005 and 2006. Like P6, but new dates and new signatures
(Abdirahman Dualle, GUDDOOMIYAH; Abdi Mohamoud Gullet, LACAGHAYAHA).
500 shillings (US$0.40), 2008. Like P6, but new date and new signatures (Abdirahman
Dualle, GUDDOOMIYAH; Abdi Mohamoud Gullet, LACAGHAYAHA).
Sri Lanka (www.cbsl.gov.lk)
10 rupees (US$0.10), 2004-07-01. Like P115, but new date. Printer: THOMAS DE LA RUE
AND COMPANY LIMITED.
10 rupees (US$0.10), 2005-11-19. Like P115, but new date and signatures.
20 rupees (US$0.20), 2004-07-01. Like P116, but new date and new signature. Printer:
THOMAS DE LA RUE AND COMPANY LIMITED. 130 x 65 mm.
20 rupees (US$0.20), 2005-11-19. Like P116, but new date and new signature. Printer:
THOMAS DE LA RUE AND COMPANY LIMITED. 130 x 65 mm.
88 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Sudan (www.bankofsudan.org)
500 rupees (US$4.55), 2004-07-01. Like P119, but new date. Printer: THOMAS DE LA
RUE AND COMPANY LIMITED.
500 rupees (US$4.55), 2005-11-19. Introduced 17.10.2006. Like P119, but new date,
signatures (Mahinda Rajapaksa, Minister of Finance; Sunil Mendis, Governor), H/112
prefx, and new security features including red-to-green 3-mm StarChrome windowed
security thread with butterfies, and Cornerstone watermark. Printer: THOMAS DE LA RUE
AND COMPANY LIMITED.
1,000 rupees (US$9.25), 2006-07-03. Like P120, but new date and new signatures.
Printer: Thomas De La Rue and Company Limited.
P121: 2,000 rupees (US$18.10), 2005-11-02. Introduced 17.10.2006. Light rose and
brown. Signatures (Dr. Sarath L. B. Amunugama, Minister of Finance; Sunil Mendis,
Governor). Denomination in Sinhala, Tamil, and English. P/1 prefx. Security features
include red-to-green 4-mm StarChrome windowed security thread, heraldic lion with sword
watermark, Cornerstone watermark, registration device, fuorescent ink, microlettering, and
intaglio printing. Sigiriya Rock at center, Sesatha (ceremonial fag) at right. Sigiriya fresco
on back. Printer: THOMAS DE LA RUE AND COMPANY LIMITED. 164 x 82 mm.
At a speech delivered on January 2, 2009, Ajith Nivard Cabraal,
the governor of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka, said the bank will
release new notes in 2010. Te new notes will depict development
and prosperity on the fronts and dances of Sri Lanka on the backs.
Sudan (www.bankofsudan.org)
Tis new currency was mandated by the 2005 Comprehensive
Peace Agreement signed between the Sudanese government and the
Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement to end the countrys 21- year
civil war. Deputy Governor Badr-Eddin Mahmoud said the cost to
print the new currency was US$156 million.
64 1 pound (US$0.45) VG VF UNC
Light brown. Front: Peace theme with sunfower; dove in fight; Central Bank of Sudan
headquarters building in Khartoum; drums; map. Back: Bank logo; two doves in fight.
2-mm wide windowed security thread with demetalized CBOS 1 LS and Arabic text.
Watermark: Pigeon and electrotype LS 1. Printer: Sudan Currency Printing Press (w/o
imprint). 139 x 64 mm.
a. July 9 2006. Signature TK. Introduced
10.01.2007.
FV FV 2.00
65 2 pounds (US$0.90) VG VF UNC
Light blue. Front: Civilization theme with pottery bowls, plates, and vases; map. Back:
Bank logo; musical instruments. 2-mm wide windowed security thread with demetalized
CBOS 2 LS and Arabic text. Watermark: Pigeon and electrotype LS 2. Printer: Sudan
Currency Printing Press (w/o imprint). 144 x 64 mm.
a. July 9 2006. Signature TK. Introduced May 2007. FV FV 6.00
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 89
Swaziland (www.centralbank.sz)
66 5 pounds (US$2.25) VG VF UNC
Pink. Front: Future theme with modern architecture and satellite; map. Back: Bank logo;
electrical tower; hydroelectric dam; solar panel; wind turbine. 2-mm wide windowed
security thread with demetalized CBOS 5 LS and Arabic text. Watermark: Pigeon and
electrotype LS 5. Printer: Sudan Currency Printing Press (w/o imprint). 150 x 69 mm.
a. July 9 2006. Signature TK. Introduced May 2007. FV FV 3.50
67 10 pounds (US$4.45) VG VF UNC
Violet. Front: National unity theme with map, tree in Tabaldia, clasped hands, watusi
cattle, mountains, and camel. Back: Bank logo; Presidential Palace building in Khartoum.
Holographic stripe. 2-mm wide windowed security thread with demetalized CBOS 10
LS and Arabic text. Watermark: Secretary bird and electrotype LS 10. Printer: Sudan
Currency Printing Press (w/o imprint). 155 x 69 mm.
a. July 9 2006. Signature TK. Introduced
10.01.2007.
FV FV 15.00
68 20 pounds (US$8.95) VG VF UNC
Dark red. Front: Industrial development theme with wrench, three pyramids, irrigation
wheel, and oil drilling platform; map. Back: Bank logo; factory, satellite dishes, and
fruit (bananas, papayas, fowers, pineapples, citrus, grapes, corn). Holographic stripe.
2-mm wide windowed security thread with demetalized CBOS 20 LS and Arabic text.
Watermark: Secretary bird and electrotype LS 20. Printer: Sudan Currency Printing Press
(w/o imprint). 160 x 74 mm.
a. July 9 2006. Signature TK. Introduced May 2007. FV FV 30.00
69 50 pounds (US$22.35) VG VF UNC
Yellow. Front: Natural resources theme with fsh, rhinoceros, elephants, ape in tree, water
buffalo, zebras, and giraffe; map. Back: Bank logo; camels, goats, and cattle. Holographic
stripe. 2-mm wide windowed security thread with demetalized CBOS 50 LS and Arabic
text. Watermark: Secretary bird and electrotype LS 50. Printer: Sudan Currency Printing
Press (w/o imprint). 165 x 74 mm.
a. July 9 2006. Signature TK. Introduced
10.01.2007.
FV FV 55.00
Swaziland (www.centralbank.sz)
29 10 emalangeni (US$1) VG VF UNC
Blue. Front: Shield and spears; King Mswati III; Parliament House building in Lobamba;
coat of arms with lion, shield, and elephant. Back: Bird; hydroelectric plant at Luphohlo.
Windowed security thread with demetalized CENTRAL BANK OF SWAZILAND.
Watermark: Shield and spears. Printer: FRANOIS CHARLES OBERTHUR. 150 x 70
mm.
a. 01.04.01. Signature 10. FV FV 3.75
as. Specimen. 80.00
b. 01.04.04. FV FV 3.75
90 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Sweden (www.riksbank.se)
29 10 emalangeni (US$1) VG VF UNC
c. 01:04:2006. FV FV 6.50
30 20 emalangeni (US$2) VG VF UNC
Purple. Front: Shield and spears; King Mswati III; Parliament House building in Lobamba;
coat of arms with lion, shield, and elephant. Back: Rice; corn; cotton; cattle; lumber on
fatbed truck; pineapples; citrus. Windowed security thread with demetalized CENTRAL
BANK OF SWAZILAND. Watermark: Shield and spears. Printer: FRANOIS-CHARLES
OBERTHUR. 150 x 70 mm.
a. 01.04.01. Signature 10. FV FV 6.50
as. Specimen. 80.00
b. 01.04.04. FV FV 6.50
c. 01:04:2006. FV FV 6.50
100 emalangeni (US$10)
Brown. Front: Shield and spears; King Mswati III; Parliament House building in Lobamba;
coat of arms with lion, shield, and elephant; The Kings 40th Birthday text. Back: Bank
seal; rock formation; 40th Independence Anniversary text. Holographic stripe. Security
thread printed CENTRAL BANK OF SWAZILAND. Watermark: Shield and spears. Printer:
GIESECKE & DEvRIENT - GERMANy. 157 x 70 mm.
a. 19.4.2008. Signature 11 (Majorzi V. Sithole,
MINISTER FOR FINANCE; Martin S. Dlamini,
GOVERNOR).
200 emalangeni (US$20)
Green. Front: Shield and spears; King Mswati III; Parliament House building in Lobamba;
coat of arms with lion, shield, and elephant; THE KINGS 40TH BIRTHDAy text. Back:
Bank seal; straw huts; 40TH INDEPENDENCE ANNIvERSARy text. Holographic stripe.
Security thread printed CENTRAL BANK OF SWAZILAND. Watermark: Shield and
spears. Printer: GIESECKE & DEvRIENT - GERMANy. 160 x 70 mm.
a. 19.4.2008. Signature 11 (Majorzi V. Sithole,
MINISTER FOR FINANCE; Martin S. Dlamini,
GOVERNOR).
Sweden (www.riksbank.se)
50 kronor (US$7.95), (200)4. Introduced 15.03.2006. Like P62, but new signatures
(Jan Bergqvist and Lars Heikensten), 2-mm wide solid security thread with repeating
50, holographic stripe, microtext, Omron rings, 50 as registration device and electrotype
watermark, iridescent stripe on back. Printer: Tumba Bruk (w/o imprint). 120 x 77 mm.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 91
Syria (www.banquecentrale.gov.sy)
500 kronor (US$63.40), (200)7. Like P65, but new date and new signatures.
1,000 kronor (US$160), (200)5. Introduced 15.03.2006. Like P60, but new signatures
(Jan Bergqvist and Lars Heikensten), design bleeds to border, windowed Motion security
thread, 2-mm wide solid security thread with repeating 1000, holographic stripe, microtext,
17th century warship Vasa in UV ink, Omron rings, 1000 as registration device and
electrotype watermark, iridescent stripe on back. Printer: Tumba Bruk (w/o imprint). 160 x
82 mm.
Switzerland (www.snb.ch)
Te Swiss National Bank is preparing a new family of banknotes
designed by Zurich-based graphic artist Manuela Pfrunder, who
placed second in the SNBs design competition in November 2005.
Pfrunders original designs for the six denominations (ranging from
10 to 1,000 Swiss francs) will require extensive reworking, both
artistically and technically, before production begins in mid-2008.
10 franken (US$8.45), 2006. Like P66, but new date.
20 franken (US$16.90), 2005. Like P69, but new date.
100 franken (US$85), 2003 and 2004. Like P72, but new dates.
200 francs (US$177), 2006. Like P73, but new date and new signatures (presumably Dr.
Hansueli Raggenbass and Dr. Jean-Pierre Roth).
Syria (www.banquecentrale.gov.sy)
500 pounds (US$10.70). Like P110, but with small map in circle added to back, below
CENTRAL BANK OF SYRIA. 166 x 75 mm.
500 pounds (US$10.70). Like P110, but with small map in circle added to back, below
CENTRAL BANK OF SYRIA and leaves added above FIVE HUNDRED SYRIAN
POUNDS banner. 166 x 75 mm.
1,000 pounds (US$21.40). Like P111, but with small map in circle added to back, below
CENTRAL BANK OF SYRIA. 166 x 75 mm.
92 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Tanzania (www.bot-tz.org)
Tanzania (www.bot-tz.org)
1,000 shillings (US$0.85), ND (2006). Introduced 08.08.2006. Like P36, but with portrait of
President Julius K. Nyerere corrected to show the shirt button on the masculine side. 135
x 66 mm.
According to an article in Te Citizen dated January 8, 2009,
Te Bank of Tanzania (BoT) plans a major change of the countrys
currency notesTe central bank has in a notice published in
the media last month, and also posted on its website, invited
tenders for the printing of the currency notes Te central banks
invitation of tenders means that Tomas De La Rue, which has
been printing Tanzanian currency, is not guaranteed continuation of
the contractTe plan to change the currency, the sources said, was
also partly due to the central banks desire to remove from the notes
the signatures of two former ofcials implicated in various scandals.
Te current notes bear the signatures of former BoT Governor
Daudi Ballali, who was sacked by President Jakaya Kikwete after it
was revealed by an international audit frm, Ernst & Young, that
the BoT lost Sh133 billion under his watch. Te notes also bear the
signature of former Finance Minister Basil Mramba, who is facing
abuse of ofce charges at the Kisutu Resident Magistrates Court in
Dar es Salaam.
Thailand (www.bot.or.th)
P117: 16 baht (US$0.50), ND (2007). 15 million uncut sheets introduced 28.11.2007,
to commemorate King Rama IXs 80th birthday. On the 1-baht note, the king is giving a
speech during his coronation in 1950 at the Sutthaisawan Pratat Hall. On the 5-baht note,
hes in a royal procession by land, marking his Circle Birthday Anniversary in 1963. On the
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 93
Tonga (www.reservebank.to)
10-baht note, a large crowd is paying tribute during the 60th anniversary celebrations of
the kings accession to the throne in 2006. The back depicts various aspects of the kings
royal biography, activities, and talents. 147 x 229 mm.
20 baht (US$0.60), ND (2007). Like P109, but new signatures (Chalongphop Susangkarn,
Minister of Finance; Tharisa Wattanaket, Governor). 138 x 72 mm.
20 baht (US$0.60), ND. Like P109, but new signatures (Preeyadhorn Dhevakul, Minister of
Finance; Tharisa Wattanaket, Governor). 138 x 72 mm.
P116: 60 baht (US$1.90), 2006. Introduced 09.06.2006, to celebrate the 60th anniversary
of King Bhumibol Adulyadejs accession to the throne. Golden. Front: King Rama IX in
throne surmounted by the Nine-Tiered Great White Umbrella of State in Amarin Winitchai
Throne Hall, hologram patch with the kings portrait, the Royal Ceremonial Emblem in
Commemoration of the 60th Anniversary Celebrations of His Majestys Accession to the
Throne, the Royal Garuda Emblem, a message which reads Long Live the King, and
the Arabic numerals 60 in green-to-magenta OVI, Thai fag fuoresces in UV light. Back:
King Bhumibol Adulyadej. Signatures: (Thanon Pithaya, Minister of Finance; Preeyadhorn
Dhevakul, Governor). Printer: NPW (w/o imprint). 162 x 81 mm.
P113: 100 baht (US$3.15), ND (2005). Introduced 21.10.2005. Dark red, red, and yellow.
King Bhumibol Adulyadej and the royal initial emblem, Phor Por Ror. King Chulalong-korn
(Rama V) in navy uniform and abolishing slavery on back. Silver holographic foil, solid
security thread, 100 as latent image, Omron rings, and registration device. Signature 74:
(Somkid Chaturipitak, Minister of Finance; Pridi Teewakul, Governor). 150 x 72 mm.
100 baht (US$3.15), ND. Like P113, but new signatures (Thanon Pithaya, Minister of
Finance; Preeyadhorn Dhevakul, Governor). 150 x 72 mm.
100 baht (US$3.15), ND (2007). Like P113, but new signatures (Chalongphop
Susangkarn, Minister of Finance; Tharisa Wattanaket, Governor). 150 x 72 mm.
100 baht (US$3.15), ND. Like P113, but new signatures (Surapong Suebwonglee, Minister
of Finance; Tharisa Wattanaket, Governor). 150 x 72 mm.
500 baht (US$15.10), ND (2007). Like P107, but new signatures (Chalongphop
Susangkarn, Minister of Finance; Tharisa Wattanaket, Governor). 156 x 72 mm.
1,000 baht (US$30.15), ND (2005). Introduced 25.11.2005. Like P108, but new
signature 74 (Somkid Chaturipitak, Minister of Finance; Pridi Teewakul, Governor),
holographic stripe at left, redesigned background patterns, Omron rings, registration
device, and text added below large Thai denomination on back. 162 x 72 mm.
1,000 baht (US$30.15), ND (2007). Like above, but new signatures (Chalongphop
Susangkarn, Minister of Finance; Tharisa Wattanaket, Governor).
Tonga (www.reservebank.to)
On January 21, 2009, the National Reserve Bank of Tonga
intends to issue newly designed banknotes in the denominations
of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 paanga. Te new notes will replace the
image of King Taufaahau Tupou V with that of the reigning King
George Tupou V. Also depicted on the notes will be the Puatalefusi
wharf, whale watching, sports, and education themes, and the colors
of the notes will also be changed. Older notes will remain legal
tender, but will be phased out over time.
94 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Transdniestria (http://cbpmr.net)
100 paanga (US$55.10)
Cherry red and white. Front: King George Tupou V. Back: Vavau Harbor. Optiks security
thread. Watermark: King Tupou and electrotype NRBT. Printer: De La Rue (w/o imprint).
150 x 70 mm.
a. No date. Signatures: Dr. Feleti Vakauta Sevele,
PALEMIA O TONGA; Otenif Afualo Matoto,
MINISITA PAANGA. Introduced 30.07.2008.
Transdniestria (http://cbpmr.net)
200 rublei (US$23.70), 2004. Like P40, but with Ukrainian E on series prefx AA (top)
corrected to I on series prefx AB (bottom) as 6th character, 1st word, 3rd line of text on
front, and I instead of backwards N as 8th character, 2nd word, 3rd line.
On December 22, 2007, the Trans-Dniester Republican Bank
issued a new series of banknotes. Te new notes feature the same
people and places as the old notes, but the images have been
modifed to extend to the border. Furthermore, anti-counterfeiting
features have been enhanced with the inclusion of a windowed
security thread on all denominations. Te existing 200- and
500-rublei notes will not be issued as part of this series as they
already contain sophisticated security features. Both the new and
old series will circulate without restrictions.
1 ruble (US$0.10) VG VF UNC
Brown. Front: Alexander Suvorov. Back: Kitskansky Bridgehead memorial complex.
Windowed security thread. Watermark: Suvorov with . Printer: Trans-Dniester (w/o
imprint). 129 x 56 mm.
a. 2007. Introduced 22.12.2007. FV FV 1.00
as. Specimen. 1.00
5 rubles (US$0.60) VG VF UNC
Blue. Front: Alexander Suvorov. Back: KVINT Distillery administrative building. Windowed
security thread. Watermark: Suvorov with . Printer: Trans-Dniester (w/o imprint). 129
x 56 mm.
a. 2007. Introduced 22.12.2007. FV FV 3.00
as. Specimen. 3.00
10 rubles (US$1.20) VG VF UNC
Brown. Front: Alexander Suvorov. Back: Novo-Nyametsky monastery. Windowed security
thread. Watermark: Suvorov with . Printer: Trans-Dniester (w/o imprint). 129 x 56
mm.
a. 2007. Introduced 22.12.2007. FV FV 5.00
as. Specimen. 5.00
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 95
Turkey (www.tcmb.gov.tr)
25 rubles (US$2.95) VG VF UNC
Red. Front: Alexander Suvorov. Back: Bendery fortress; memorial to Russian warriors.
Windowed security thread. Watermark: Suvorov with . Printer: Trans-Dniester (w/o
imprint). 129 x 56 mm.
a. 2007. Introduced 22.12.2007. FV FV 10.00
as. Specimen. 10.00
50 rubles (US$5.90) VG VF UNC
Green. Front: Poet Taras Shevchenko. Back: Parliament building. Windowed security
thread. Watermark: Suvorov with . Printer: Trans-Dniester (w/o imprint). 129 x 60
mm.
a. 2007. Introduced 22.12.2007. FV FV 15.00
as. Specimen. 25.00
100 rubles (US$11.80) VG VF UNC
Violet. Front: Prince Dmitry Kantemir. Back: Cathedral of Christmas in Tiraspol. Windowed
security thread. Watermark: Suvorov with . Printer: Trans-Dniester (w/o imprint). 129
x 60 mm.
a. 2007. Introduced 22.12.2007. FV FV 30.00
as. Specimen. 50.00
Trinidad and Tobago (www.central-bank.org.tt)
In 2007, the bank upgraded all denominations with new security
features, changing from the use of the greater bird of paradise
watermark on all notes to watermarks that match the bird found
on the individual denominations, plus changing the color of the
vertical serial number at right from red to blue. Te size (152.4 x
69.85 mm), signature (Ewart Williams, GOVERNOR), and printer
(De La Rue) remain unchanged.
1 dollar (US$0.15), 2006. Introduced January 2007. Like P41, but new date, narrower
(1.2 mm vs. 2 mm) windowed security thread, watermark of sacred ibis, and blue vertical
serial number. 152.4 x 69.85 mm.
5 dollars (US$0.80), 2006. Introduced January 2007. Like P42, but new date,
watermark of blue crowned motmot, and blue vertical serial number. 152.4 x 69.85 mm.
10 dollars (US$1.60), 2006. Introduced 12.11.2007. Like P43, but new date, richer
gray color, watermark of piping guan and electrotype denomination, and blue vertical serial
number. 152.4 x 69.85 mm.
20 dollars (US$3.20), 2006. Introduced 12.11.2007. Like P44, but new date, watermark
of white-tailed saberwing and electrotype denomination, and blue vertical serial number.
152.4 x 69.85 mm.
100 dollars (US$15.90), 2006. Introduced 12.11.2007. Like P45, but new date,
watermark of greater bird of paradise and electrotype denomination, and blue vertical
serial number. 152.4 x 69.85 mm.
Turkey (www.tcmb.gov.tr)
Te Council of Ministers decided to revert the name of the
countrys currency from new Turkish lira (TRY) to Turkish lira
(TRL) as of January 1, 2009, necessitating the issuance of new
banknotes and coins. Turkey last changed the currency by removing
six zeroes on January 1, 2005, at a cost of US$300 million. Tis
96 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Turkey (www.tcmb.gov.tr)
new move is expected to incur similar costs. A new denomination,
the TRL200, is included for the frst time. Te new notes have
diferent sizes as a measure against forgery and to facilitate their
use by blind people. Te depiction of the countrys founder, Kemal
Atatrk, remains on the front of all banknotes; the new designs were
unveiled October 3, 2008.

5 lira (US$3.80)
Tan. Front: Kemal Atatrk. Back: Open hands; planets; atom; double helix DNA chain;
science historian Prof. Dr. Aydin Sayili. Holographic stripe. Solid security thread printed
TL 5. Watermark: Atatrk and electrotype 5. Printer: TRKyE CUMHURyET MERKEZ
BANKASI BANKNOT MATBAASI. 130 x 64 mm.
a. 2009. Signatures: Durmu Ylmaz, BAKAN
(Governor) and Erdem Basci, BAKAN
YARDIMCISI (Vice-Governor). Introduced
01.01.2009.
10 lira (US$7.65)
Violet. Front: Kemal Atatrk. Back: Math equation; mathematician Prof. Dr. Cahit
Arf. Holographic stripe. Solid security thread printed TL 10. Watermark: Atatrk and
electrotype 10. Printer: Printer: TRKyE CUMHURyET MERKEZ BANKASI BANKNOT
MATBAASI. 136 x 64 mm.
a. 2009. Signatures: Durmu Ylmaz, BAKAN
(Governor) and Burhan Goklemez, BAKAN
YARDIMCISI (Vice-Governor). Introduced
01.01.2009.
20 lira (US$15.30)
Green. Front: Kemal Atatrk. Back: Viaduct; line drawing of building; architect Mimar
Kemaleddin. Holographic stripe. Solid security thread printed TL 20. Watermark: Atatrk
and electrotype 20. Printer: Printer: TRKyE CUMHURyET MERKEZ BANKASI
BANKNOT MATBAASI. 142 x 68 mm.
a. 2009. Signatures: Durmu Ylmaz, BAKAN
(Governor) and Ibrahim Turan, BAKAN
YARDIMCISI (Vice-Governor). Introduced
01.01.2009.
50 lira (US$38.20)
Tan. Front: Kemal Atatrk. Back: Flowers; books; quill in inkwell; novelist Fatma Aliye.
Holographic stripe. Solid security thread printed TL 50. Watermark: Atatrk and
electrotype 50. Printer: Printer: TRKyE CUMHURyET MERKEZ BANKASI BANKNOT
MATBAASI. 148 x 68 mm.
a. 2009. Signatures: Durmu Ylmaz, BAKAN
(Governor) and Mehmet Yorukoglu, BAKAN
YARDIMCISI (Vice-Governor). Introduced
01.01.2009.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 97
Turkmenistan
100 lira (US$76.45)
Blue. Front: Kemal Atatrk. Back: Musical instruments; composer Itri. Holographic stripe.
Solid security thread printed TL 100. Watermark: Atatrk and electrotype 100. Printer:
Printer: TRKyE CUMHURyET MERKEZ BANKASI BANKNOT MATBAASI. 154 x 72
mm.
a. 2009. Signatures: Durmu Ylmaz, BAKAN
(Governor) and Burhan Goklemez, BAKAN
YARDIMCISI (Vice-Governor). Introduced
01.01.2009.
200 lira (US$153)
Purple. Front: Kemal Atatrk. Back: Birds; tomb; rose; poet Yunus Emre. Holographic
stripe. Solid security thread printed TL 200. Watermark: Atatrk and electrotype 200.
Printer: Printer: TRKyE CUMHURyET MERKEZ BANKASI BANKNOT MATBAASI. 160
x 72 mm.
a. 2009. Signatures: Durmu Ylmaz, BAKAN
(Governor) and Erdem Basci, BAKAN
YARDIMCISI (Vice-Governor). Introduced
01.01.2009.
Turkmenistan
17 50 manat (US$0.01) VG VF UNC
Purple. Front: Coat of arms; President Saparmurat Niyazov. Back: Racehorse and
grandstand. Solid security thread. Watermark: Saparmurat Niyazov. Printer: TDLR (w/o
imprint). 144 x 72 mm.
a. 2005. Signature 3. FV FV 1.00
18 100 manat (<US$0.01) VG VF UNC
Red. Front: Coat of arms; President Saparmurat Niyazov. Back: Central bank building and
coins. Solid security thread. Watermark: Saparmurat Niyazov. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint).
150 x 75 mm.
a. 2005. Signature 3. FV FV 2.50
19 500 manat (US$0.03) VG VF UNC
Gold. Front: Coat of arms; President Saparmurat Niyazov. Back: Jewelry. Windowed
security thread with demetalized TMB 500. Watermark: Saparmurat Niyazov and
electrotype signature. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 156 x 78 mm.
a. 2005. Signature 3. FV FV 5.00
98 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Turkmenistan
20 1,000 manat (US$0.05) VG VF UNC
Green. Front: Coat of arms; President Saparmurat Niyazov. Back: Presidential palace
in Ashgabat. Windowed security thread with demetalized TMB 1000. Watermark:
Saparmurat Niyazov and electrotype signature. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 156 x 78 mm.
a. 2005. Signature 3. FV FV 7.50
21 5,000 manat (US$0.35) VG VF UNC
Blue. Front: Coat of arms; President Saparmurat Niyazov. Back: Presidential palace
in Ashgabat. Windowed security thread with demetalized TMB 5000. Watermark:
Saparmurat Niyazov and electrotype signature. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 156 x 78 mm.
a. 2005. Signature 3. FV FV 10.00
16 10,000 manat (US$0.70) VG VF UNC
Green and tan. Front: President Saparmurat Niyazov: Presidential palace in Ashgabat.
Back: Garasyzlyk Binasy (Independence Monument) in Ashgabat. Windowed security
thread with demetalized TMB 10000. Watermark: Saparmurat Niyazov and electrotype
signature. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 156 x 78 mm.
a. 2005. Signature 3. FV FV 10.00
On January 1, 2009, the Central Bank of Turkmenistan issued
a new series of notes printed by Tomas De La Rue, which has
printed Turkmenistan currency since independence in 1991. Te
new notes bear images of prominent fgures of the Turkmen nation
and various buildings in the capital, Ashgabat. Te government
revalued its currency in conjunction with the introduction of the
new notes. Prior to the revaluation, the ofcial exchange rate was
5,000 manats to the US dollar, with the black market rate almost
fve times that. Te new manat is equal to 5,000 of the old manat.
1 manat (US$0.95) VG VF UNC
Green. Front: Map; coat of arms; Togrul Beg Trkmen. Back: Beyik Saparmyrat
Trkmenbasyny Milli Medeniyet Merkezi (National Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan)
buildings; fve stars and crescent moon. Solid security thread with printed 1TM.
Watermark: Togrul Beg Trkmen, fag, and electrotype 1. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 120
x 60 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 4. Introduced 01.01.2009. FV FV 2.00
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 99
Turkmenistan
5 manat (US$4.80) VG VF UNC
Tan. Front: Map; coat of arms; Soltan Sansar Trkmen. Back: Buildings; Garassyzlyk
Binasy and Bitaraplyk Binasy (Independence Monument and Neutrality Arch in Ashgabat);
fve stars and crescent moon. Solid security thread with printed 5TM. Watermark: Soltan
Sansar Trkmen, fag, and electrotype 5. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 126 x 63 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 4. Introduced 01.01.2009. FV FV 10.00
10 manat (US$9.60) VG VF UNC
Red. Front: Map; coat of arms; Magtymguly Pyragy. Back: Trkmenistany Merkezi
Banky (Turkmenistan central bank) headquarters building; fve stars and crescent moon.
Windowed security thread with demetalized 10 MANAT. Watermark: Magtymguly Pyragy,
fag, and electrotype 10. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 132 x 66 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 4. Introduced 01.01.2009. FV FV 20.00
20 manat (US$19.25) VG VF UNC
Purple. Front: Map; coat of arms; Grogly Beg Trkmen. Back: Ruhyyet Kgi (Ruhyyet
Palace) building; fve stars and crescent moon. Windowed security thread with
demetalized 20 MANAT. Watermark: Grogly Beg Trkmen, fag, and electrotype 20.
Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 138 x 69 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 4. Introduced 01.01.2009. FV FV 40.00
50 manat (US$48.10) VG VF UNC
Green. Front: Holographic patch; map; coat of arms; Gorkut Ata Trkmen. Back:
Trkmenistany Mejlisi (Turkmenistan National Assembly in Ashkhabat) building; fve stars
and crescent moon. Windowed security thread with demetalized 50 MANAT. Watermark:
Gorkut Ata Trkmen, fag, and electrotype 50. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 144 x 72 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 4. Introduced 01.01.2009. FV FV 75.00
100 manat (US$96.15) VG VF UNC
Blue. Front: Holographic patch; map; coat of arms; Oguz Han Trkmen. Back: Prezident
Kgi (Palace of Turkmenbashi in Ashgabat) building; fve stars and crescent moon.
Windowed security thread with demetalized 100 MANAT. Watermark: Oguz Han Trkmen,
fag, and electrotype 100. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 150 x 75 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 4. Introduced 01.01.2009. FV FV 150
100 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Uganda (www.bou.or.ug)
500 manat (US$480) VG VF UNC
Blue. Front: Holographic patch; map; coat of arms; President Saparmurat Niyazov. Back:
Kipchak mosque in Ashgabat; fve stars and crescent moon. Windowed security thread
with demetalized 500 MANAT. Watermark: President Saparmurat Niyazov., fag, and
electrotype 500. Printer: TDLR (w/o imprint). 156 x 78 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 4. To be introduced July 2009. FV FV 650
Uganda (www.bou.or.ug)
10,000 shillings (US$5.90), 2005. Introduced 02.01.2006. Like P45 with upgraded
security features: 10000 in bottom left corner in magenta-to-green OVI, 10000 added to
existing watermark of crested crane, and new Cornerstone watermark. Green and red on
m/c underprint. Musical instruments at left. Owen Falls dam, kob (antelope) on back. On
back, color of kob was bright brown, is now dull brown. Likewise, color of grass was brown,
is now green, and the end of horizontal bar below kob was brown, is now green. TEN
and SHI printed in red, with rest of word in green. Printed on cotton paper with protective
coating.
10,000 shillings (US$5.90), 23-25 NOVEMBER 2007. Introduced 19.11.2007, to
commemorate the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting that took place
in Kampala. CHOGM logo at left. Owen Falls dam and two mountain gorillas on
back. Windowed security thread, crested crane as watermark, signatures (unknown,
GOVERNOR; unknown, SECRETARY), registration device, novel serial numbers, 10000
as latent image, OVI, and electrotype watermark. 156 x 76 mm.
50,000 shillings (US$29.80), 2007. Like P47, but new date and new signatures (Emmanuel
Tumusiime Mutebile, GOVERNOR; Chris Manyindo Kassami, SECRETARY).
Ukraine (www.bank.gov.ua)
P123: 1 hryvnia (US$0.20), 2006. Introduced 22.05.2006. Like P116, but new date. 118 x
63 mm.
10 hryvnia (US$2), 2006. Introduced 25.08.2006. Like P119, but new date and signature 4
(Stelmah). 124 x 66 mm.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 101
United Arab Emirates (www.centralbank.ae)
200 hryvnias (US$39.70), 2007. Introduced 28.05.2007. Lesya Ukrainka as portrait and
watermark, security thread, 200 as registration device, tactile bars for the sight-impaired,
plus UV, IR, and magnetic elements. Tower of the Lutsk lock on back. 148 x 75 mm.
P125: 500 hryvnia (US$99.20), 2006. Introduced 15.09.2006. Grigory Skovoroda as
portrait and watermark, fountain in center, signature 4 (Stelmah). Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
and seal, Pythagorian triangle on back. 154 x 75 mm.
United Arab Emirates (www.centralbank.ae)
5 dirhams (US$1.35), 2007. Like P19, but new date.
10 dirhams (US$2.70), 2007. Like P20, but new date.
20 dirhams (US$5.40), 2007. Like P21, but new date.
50 dirhams (US$13.60), 2006. Like P27, but new date.
100 dirhams (US$27.25), 2006. Like P28, but new date.
102 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
United States (www.federalreserve.gov)
200 dirhams (US$54.45), 2004. Introduced 27.05.2008. Tan. Front: Sharia Court
Department and Zayed Sports City. Back: Bank headquarters in Abu Dhabi. Fluorescent
vertical serial number, falcon head as registration device, falcon head watermark with
denomination numerals and coffee pot as electrotype, national emblem in metallic print,
intaglio printing, denomination as latent image, holographic stripe, and windowed security
thread with UAE 200 repeating.
500 dirhams (US$136.20), 2006. Like P29, but new date, and denomination repeats in
holographic security stripe.
1,000 dirhams (US$272.40), 2006. Like P25, but new date, and denomination repeats in
holographic security stripe.
United States (www.federalreserve.gov)
5 dollars (US$5), 2006. Introduced 13.03.2008. Green and light purple. Enlarged
portrait of Abraham Lincoln. Watermark of large 5 to right of portrait, watermark of column
of three smaller 5s to left of portrait. Security thread with repeating USA and 5 repositioned
to right of portrait; glows blue under UV light. Omron rings. Microprinting. Signatures (Anna
Escobedo Cabral, Treasurer of the United States; Henry M. Paulson, Secretary of the
Treasury). Lincoln Monument on back with low-vision 5 printed in purple.
20 dollars (US$20), 2006. Introduced 23.10.2006. Like P521, but new date and new
signatures (Henry M. Paulson Jr., Secretary; Anna Escobedo Cabral, Treasurer).
Uruguay (www.bcu.gub.uy)
20 pesos (US$0.85), 2008. Like Pick 83, but new date, new signatures, series E, no
windowed security thread. Printer: FRANOIS-CHARLES OBERTHUR FIDUCIAIRE.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 103
Uruguay (www.bcu.gub.uy)
100 pesos uruguayos (US$4.35), 2006 and 2008. Like P85, but new dates, series D
and E respectively, new signatures. Printer: GIESECKE & DEVRIENT.
200 pesos uruguayos (US$9.10), 2006. Introduced November 2006. Like P77, but new
date, series C, new signatures (Walter Cancela, Presidente; unknown, Gerente General;
Aureliano Berro, Secretario General), and new security features, including Pedro Figari as
watermark with denomination spelled out in script, iridescent stripe with $200 repeating,
and latent image of Artigas, BCU, and 200 in upper right. Printer: FRANOIS-CHARLES
OBERTHUR FIDUCIAIRE.
500 pesos uruguayos (US$22.80), 2006. Like P82, but new date, series C, new
signatures (Walter Cancela, Presidente; unknown, Gerente General; Aureliano Berro,
Secretario General), and new security features, including Alfredo Vaquez Acevedo as
watermark with denomination spelled out in script, iridescent stripe with $500 repeating,
and latent image of Artigas, BCU, and 500 in upper right. Printer: FRANOIS-CHARLES
OBERTHUR FIDUCIAIRE.
1,000 pesos uruguayos (US$41.65), 2004. Like P79, but new date, new signatures
(unknown, Presidente; unknown, Gerente General; Aureliano Berro, Secretario General),
series B. Printer: DE LA RUE.
1,000 pesos uruguayos (US$41.65), 2008. Like P79, but new date, new signatures, series
C, wider windowed security thread. Printer: GIESECKE & DEVRIENT.
Vanuatu (www.rbv.gov.vu)
200 vatu (US$2.10), ND (2007). Like P8, but BB serial number prefx, new signatures
(unknown, GOVERNOR; unknown, MINISTER OF FINANCE), windowed security thread.
Printer: DE LA RUE.
104 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Venezuela (www.bcv.org.ve)
500 vatu (US$5.20), ND (2006). Like P5, but new signatures, windowed security thread,
BB prefx. Printer: DE LA RUE.
1,000 vatu (US$10.35), ND (2005). Introduced July 2005. Like P6. Arms with
Melanesian chief standing with spear, fanked by vT as latent image. New signatures: Odo
Tevi, Governor; Moana Carcasse Kalosil, Minister of Finance. Melanesian male head as
watermark with overprint of seal for 25th anniversary of independence, XXv prefx, solid
security thread, spiral registration device, and BANQUE DE RESERvE DE vANUATU in
microprinting. Three carvings at left, map of islands, and three men in outrigger sailboat at
center on back. Printer: DE LA RUE. 150 x 75 mm.
1,000 vatu (US$10.35), ND (2006). Like P10, but new signatures as above and FF prefx.
5,000 vatu (US$51.80), ND (2005). Introduced May 2005. Like P4, but RESERvE
BANK OF vANUATU instead of CENTRAL BANK OF vANUATU. Arms with Melanesian
chief standing with spear, fanked by vT as latent image. Signatures 1: Philip Shing,
President; Sela Molisa, Minister of Finance. Melanesian male head as watermark, solid
security thread, registration device, and BANQUE DE RESERvE DE vANUATU in
microprinting. Man watching another Ngol diving from log tower at center, cattle at right,
ship at left on back. Printer: DE LA RUE. 160 x 78 mm.
Venezuela (www.bcv.org.ve)
50,000 bolvares (US$23.30), 25.09.2005. Like P83, but new date and REPUBLICA
BOLIvARIANA DE vENEZUELA in upper left.
50,000 bolivares (US$23.30), 25.04.2006. Like P83, but REPUBLICA BOLIvARIANA DE
vENEZUELA in upper left, 2.5-mm windowed security thread, new signatures (Presidente
BCV and Primer Vice President BCV), circle in gold-to-green OVI to right of Jos Mara
Vargas watermark, and denomination no longer fuoresces under UV. Printer: Casa de la
Moneda, Venezuela.
On 24.10.2007, the Banco Central de Venezuela unveiled
the following designs for the new family of notes denominated
in bolivares fuerte (Bsf ), which were subsequently issued on
01.01.2008. Te initial six denominations will be 2 through 100
bolivares fuerte, but a leaked confdential document indicates the
bank is holding in reserve prepared designs for a 200-bolivares
fuerte note and another undenominated note. Te face values listed
below are based upon the current ofcial exchange rate, but it is
rumored that Venezuela will adjust the rate to better refect the free
market rate, which could cut these values roughly in half.
2 bolivares fuerte (US$0.95). 20 DE MARZO DE 2007. Introduced 01.01.2008. Blue
and orange. Francisco de Miranda on front. Two Amazon river dolphins (inia geoffrensis) in
foreground, Parque Nacional Mdanos de Coro and Gusano for in background on back.
Signatures (PRESIDENTE BCV; PRIMER VICEPRESIDENTE BCV), intaglio printing
with the denomination in OVI, watermark of portrait and electrotype denomination, wide
windowed security thread, registration device, microprinting, raised symbol for the blind,
and latent image.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 105
Venezuela (www.bcv.org.ve)
5 bolivares fuerte (US$2.35). 20 DE MARZO DE 2007. Introduced 01.01.2008. Light
orange and tan. Pedro Camejo on front. Two giant armadillos (priodontes maximus) in
foreground, palm trees in Los Llanos (fat plains) in background on back. Signatures
(PRESIDENTE BCV; PRIMER VICEPRESIDENTE BCV), intaglio printing with the
denomination in OVI, watermark of portrait and electrotype denomination, wide windowed
security thread, registration device, microprinting, raised symbol for the blind, and latent
image.

10 bolivares fuerte (US$4.65). 20 DE MARZO DE 2007. Introduced 01.01.2008. Dark
orange and brown. Cacique Guaicaipuro on front. American harpy eagle (harpia harpyja)
in foreground, Salto Ucaima y tepuyes venado y Kurn (Parque Nacional Canaima) in
background on back. Signatures (PRESIDENTE BCV; PRIMER VICEPRESIDENTE
BCV), intaglio printing with the denomination in OVI, watermark of portrait and electrotype
denomination, wide windowed security thread, registration device, microprinting, raised
symbol for the blind, and latent image.

20 bolivares fuerte (US$9.30). 20 DE MARZO DE 2007. Introduced 01.01.2008. Pink
and aqua. Luisa Cceres de Arismendi on front. Two hawksbill turtles (eretmochelys
imbricata) in foreground, Montaas de Macanao in background on back. Signatures
(PRESIDENTE BCV; PRIMER VICEPRESIDENTE BCV), intaglio printing with the
denomination in OVI, watermark of portrait and electrotype denomination, wide windowed
security thread, registration device, microprinting, raised symbol for the blind, and latent
image.
50 bolivares fuerte (US$23.30). 20 DE MARZO DE 2007. Introduced 01.01.2008.
Green and yellow. Simn Rodrgues on front. Spectacled bear (tremarctos ornatos) in
foreground, Laguna del Santo Cristo (Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada) in background on
back. Signatures (PRESIDENTE BCV; PRIMER VICEPRESIDENTE BCV), intaglio printing
with the denomination in OVI, watermark of portrait and electrotype denomination, wide
windowed security thread, registration device, microprinting, raised symbol for the blind,
and latent image.
100 bolivares fuerte (US$46.55). 20 DE MARZO DE 2007. Introduced 01.01.2008.
Rust and green. Simn Bolvar on front. Two black-hooded red siskin birds (carduelis
cucullata) in foreground, Guaraira Repano (Parque Nacional El vila) in background on
back. Signatures (PRESIDENTE BCV; PRIMER VICEPRESIDENTE BCV), intaglio printing
with the denomination in OVI, watermark of portrait and electrotype denomination, wide
windowed security thread, registration device, microprinting, raised symbol for the blind,
and latent image.
106 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Vietnam (www.sbv.gov.vn)
200 bolivares fuerte (reserved). Yellow and brown. Antonio Jos de Sucre on front. Jaguar
on back.
000 bolivares fuerte (reserved). Orange and red. Front: Rafael Mara Baralt. Back: Monkey.
Vietnam (www.sbv.gov.vn)
P119: 10,000 dong (US$0.60), (20)06. Introduced 30.08.2006. Purple, light green,
and light blue. President Ho Chi Minh. Treehouse watermark, curved security thread,
registration device, microprinting, and vN latent image. Off-shore oil rigs on back. Polymer.
132 x 60 mm.
10,000 dong (US$0.60), (20)07. Like P119, but new date.
Some consider the new 10,000-dong note an error because it
lacks the period typically used to separate thousands (i.e. 10.000).
Te paper 10,000-dong note (Pick 115) remains legal tender; all
smaller notes are being replaced by coins. SBV intends to convert all
of its banknotes to polymer.
P123: 200,000 dong (US$12.45), (20)06. Introduced 30.08.2006. Red, green, and peach.
President Ho Chi Minh as portrait and watermark. Curved security thread, registration
device, OVI, and microprinting. Junk in Ha Long Bay on back. Polymer. 148 x 65 mm.
West African States (www.bceao.int)
Weldon D. Burt Burson reports that all four denominations
in the 2003 series were issued in 2005 (the frst two digits in
the serial number show the actual year of issue), all bearing the
same new signature combination (Charles Konan Banny, LE
GOUVERNEUR; Jean-Baptiste M P Compaore, LE PRSIDENT
DU CONSEIL DES MINISTRES). Furthermore, a Mali
5,000-franc note from 2006 has been reported, also with this
signature combination.
1,000 francs (US$2.20), (20)05. New date and new signatures (Charles Konan Banny,
LE GOUVERNEUR; Jean-Baptiste M. P. Compaore, LE PRSIDENT DU CONSEIL DES
MINISTRES)
Yemen Arab Republic (www.centralbank.gov.ye)
500 rials (US$2.50), 2007. Like P31, but new date and left-hand serial number moved to
left of holographic stripe.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 107
Zambia (www.boz.zm)
1,000 rials (US$5.05), 2006. Like P33, but new date.
Yugoslavia
Te following notes are reported to be fakes produced illegally by
disgruntled employees of ZIN, the Belgrade-based banknote printer.
Tey were designed specifcally for the numismatic market to appear
as coming from the same series as Pick 101A. Tese notes are also
available with FALSIFIKAT stamped at a 45 angle in purple on
the front.
5 dinara, ND (1990). Reddish brown and green. Marshal Josip Broz Tito in military cap
at right, arms with date 29 XI 1943 (Republic Day) at upper left. Broken Wings monument
in Kragujevac on back. NARODNA BANKA JUGOSLAvIJE - ZAvODZZA IZRADU
NOvCANICA I KOvANOG NOvCA - BEOGRAD imprint along bottom, front and back. No
watermark. 130 x 60 mm.
10 dinara, ND (1990). Yellow, blue, and red. Marshal Josip Broz Tito in military cap at
right, arms with date 29 XI 1943 (Republic Day) at upper left. Broken Wings monument
in Kragujevac on back. NARODNA BANKA JUGOSLAvIJE - ZAvODZZA IZRADU
NOvCANICA I KOvANOG NOvCA - BEOGRAD imprint along bottom, front and back. No
watermark. 130 x 60 mm.
Zambia (www.boz.zm)
50 kwacha (US$0.01), 2007. Like P37, but new date.
1,000 kwacha (US$0.25), 2008. Like P45, but new date and new printer imprint. Printer:
SABN (South African Bank Note). Polymer.
108 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
10,000 kwacha (US$2.65), 2007. Like P42, but new date. Printer: DE LA RUE.
10,000 kwacha (US$2.65), 2008. Like P42, but new date and new printer imprint. Printer:
Giesecke & Devrient.
50,000 kwacha (US$13.10), 2007. Like P47, but new date. Printer: DE LA RUE.
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
Te German security printer Giesecke & Devrient (G&D),
through its subsidiary Papierfabrik Louisenthal, is known to have
been the primary supplier of paper substrate for the Reserve Bank
of Zimbabwes banknotes, but halted shipments on July 1, 2008,
due to international pressure following a controversial presidential
run-of election in Zimbabwe. Recent notes were printed at Fidelity
Printers in Bulawayo, though they do not carry an imprint.
500 dollars, 2004. Like P11, but new date, BB prefx, and new signature (Dr. G. Gono,
Governor).
P32: 100,000 dollars, 1st June 2006. Expiry date: 31st December 2006. Green. Victoria
Falls on back.
Old notes and bearer cheques were replaced by new bearer
cheques which share similar design elements of the Reserve Bank
of Zimbabwe seal and signature of Dr. G. Gono, Governor at left;
printed issue date of 1st August 2006, expiry date of 31st July 2007,
and solid security thread printed RBZ at center; Zimbabwe bird
with RBZ as watermark at right; black serial numbers in lower
right. Te new notes all measure 148 x 74mm and are distinguished
primarily by diferent color schemes, printed denominations, and
back designs.
Due to rampant infation in Zimbabwe (ofcially in excess of 2.2
million percent annually, but estimated by economists to exceed 100
million percent) and the enormous disparity between the ofcial
and black market exchange rates, no face values are given for the
following notes.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 109
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
P33: 1 cent, 1st August 2006. Red. Denomination in circle on back.
P34: 5 cents, 1st August 2006. Green. Denomination in circle on back.
P35: 10 cents, 1st August 2006. Yellow. Denomination in circle on back.
P36: 50 cents, 1st August 2006. Black. Denomination in circle on back.
P37: 1 dollar, 1st August 2006. Blue. Village, women with poles on back.
P38: 5 dollars, 1st August 2006. Light brown. Freedom Flame monument.
P39: 10 dollars, 1st August 2006. Red. Village, women with poles on back.
P40: 20 dollars, 1st August 2006. Orange. Victoria Falls on back.
P41: 50 dollars, 1st August 2006. Violet. Victoria Falls on back.
P42: 100 dollars, 1st August 2006. Green. Terraced hills on back.
P43: 500 dollars, 1st August 2006. Olive. Tigerfsh and Kariba dam on back.
P44: 1,000 dollars, 1st August 2006. Brown. Terraced hills on back.
P45: 5,000 dollars, 1st February 2007. Expires 31st July 2007. Blue and brown. RBZ logo,
signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), and RBZ as electrotype watermark. Kariba dam on
back. 147 x 74 mm.
110 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
P46: 10,000 dollars, 1st August 2006. Purple. Great Zimbabwe ruins on back.
10,000 dollars, 1st August 2006. Like above, but with space between 10 and 000 in
denominations printed in all four corners (above, bottom).
P47: 50,000 dollars, 1st March 2007. Expires 31st July 2007. Red and brown. RBZ logo,
signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), and RBZ as electrotype watermark. Elephant and falls
on back.
P48: 100,000 dollars, 1st August 2006. Expires 31st July 2007. Teal. Great Zimbabwe
ruins on back.
P49: 200,000 dollars, 1st July 2007. Introduced 01.08.2007. Expires 30th June 2008.
Same front design as all other recent bearer cheques and Hwange power station on back.
In October 2007, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe announced
Operation Sunrise Two, a move that would create a new currency
by striking more zeros from notes. However, this plan was blocked
by Zimbabwes cabinet just a week prior to introduction.
250,000 dollars, July 2007. Expires 30th June 2008. Introduced 20.12.2007. RBZ
logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread with repeating RBZ, and
Zimbabwe bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Great Zimbabwe ruins on back.
500,000 dollars, 1st July 2007. Expires 30th June 2008. Introduced 20.12.2007. Green,
light blue, and brown. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread
with repeating RBZ, and Zimbabwe bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Three
elephants on back.
750,000 dollars, 31st December 2007. Expires 30th June 2008. Introduced 20.12.2007.
Violet, light blue, and brown. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), holographic foil
at left with giraffes, solid security thread with repeating RBZ 1000, and Zimbabwe bird as
watermark with 1000 as electrotype. Elephant and falls on back. 152.5 x 77.5 mm
1,000,000 dollars, 1st January 2008. Expires 30th June 2008. Introduced 18.01.2008.
Brown. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread, and Zimbabwe
bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Village, two women with poles on back.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 111
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
5,000,000 dollars, 1st January 2008. Expires 30th June 2008. Introduced 18.01.2008.
Blue and violet. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread with
repeating RBZ, and Zimbabwe bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Mountains on
back.
10,000,000 dollars, 1st January 2008. Expires 30th June 2008. Introduced 18.01.2008.
Red, purple, and green. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security
thread, and Zimbabwe bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Tigerfsh and Kariba
Dam on back.
10,000,000 dollars, 1st January 2008. Expires 30th June 2008. Second printing, like Z$10
million issued 18.01.2008 (top), but different font serial number (bottom).
25,000,000 dollars, 2nd April 2008. Expires 30th June 2008. Introduced 03.04.2008.
Green. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread, and Zimbabwe
bird as watermark with 500 as electrotype. Freedom Flame monument on back. 152.5 x
77.5 mm.
50,000,000 dollars, 2nd April 2008. Expires 30th June 2008. Introduced 03.04.2008.
Purple. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread, and Zimbabwe
bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Three elephants on back.
100,000,000 dollars, 2nd May 2008. Expires 31st December 2008. Introduced
06.05.2008. Green. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread,
and Zimbabwe bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Village, women with poles on
back.
250,000,000 dollars, 2nd May 2008. Expires 31st December 2008. Introduced
06.05.2008. Blue. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread, and
Zimbabwe bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Elephant and falls on back. 152.5
x 77.5 mm
500,000,000 dollars, 2nd May 2008. Expires 31st December 2008. Introduced
15.05.2008. Red. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread, and
Zimbabwe bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Tigerfsh and Kariba dam on back.
5,000,000,000 dollars, 15th May 2008. Expires 31st December 2008. Introduced
06.05.2008. Purple. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread,
and Zimbabwe bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Giraffes and GMB grain silos
112 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
on back. 150 x 72.5 mm.
25,000,000,000 dollars, 15th May 2008. Expires 31st December 2008. Introduced
06.05.2008. Green. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread,
and Zimbabwe bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Giraffes and GMB grain silos
on back. 152.5 x 77.5 mm.
50,000,000,000 dollars, 15th May 2008. Expires 31st December 2008. Introduced
06.05.2008. Brown. RBZ logo, signature (Dr. G. Gono, Governor), solid security thread,
and Zimbabwe bird as watermark with RBZ as electrotype. Giraffes and GMB grain silos
on back.
100,000,000,000 dollars, 1st July 2008. Expires 31st December 2008. Introduced
21.07.2008. Blue. Front: Logo, denomination, and giraffes. Back: Giraffes and GMB grain
silos. Solid security thread microprinted RBZ. Watermark: Zimbabwe bird and electrotype
RBZ. 148 x 74 mm.
On August 1, 2008, in an efort to simplify calculations in
economic transactions, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe revalued
its currency, striking ten zeros from the old Zimbabwe dollar. Te
move came just a week after the introduction of a 100 billion-dollar
special agro-chequenot enough to buy a loaf of breadwhich
became worth ten dollars under the new system. Concurrent with
the revaluation, a new series of banknotes was also issued, and old
coins were also reintroduced after years of obsolescence. Based upon
the year 2007 printed on the front of the notes, it appears these
notes were produced before G&D stopped supplying the RBZ with
security paper.
Te new notes will circulate with the older bearer cheques and
special agro-cheques, which will remain legal tender until January
31, 2009, instead of December 31, 2008, the expiration date
printed on the bearer cheques.
1 dollar
Violet. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Falls; water buffalo. Windowed
security thread. Watermark: Zimbabwe bird and electrotype denomination.
a. 2007. Signature 5. Introduced 01.08.2008.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 113
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
5 dollars
Brown. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Dam; elephant. Windowed
security thread. Watermark: Zimbabwe bird and electrotype denomination.
a. 2007. Signature 5. Introduced 01.08.2008.
10 dollars
Green. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Farmer plowing feld on
mechanical tractor; three GMB grain silos. Windowed security thread. Watermark:
Zimbabwe bird and electrotype denomination.
a. 2007. Signature 5. Introduced 01.08.2008.
20 dollars
Red. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Tailings pile; miner with
jackhammer. Windowed security thread. Watermark: Zimbabwe bird and electrotype
denomination.
a. 2007. Signature 5. Introduced 01.08.2008.
100 dollars
Blue. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Palm trees; Great Zimbabwe
ruins. Windowed security thread. Watermark: Zimbabwe bird and electrotype
denomination.
a. 2007. Signature 5. Introduced 01.08.2008.
500 dollars
Purple. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Milking dairy cows; cattle.
Windowed security thread. Watermark: Zimbabwe bird and electrotype denomination. 150
x 75 mm.
a. 2007. Signature 5. Introduced 01.08.2008.

114 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
1,000 dollars
Gold. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Buildings. Windowed security
thread. Watermark: Zimbabwe bird and electrotype denomination. 153 x 76 mm.
a. 2007. Signature 5. Introduced 17.09.2008.
On September 29, 2008, less than two months after revaluing
its currency and issuing a new series of notes in which the highest
denomination was 1,000 dollars, Zimbabwe issued 10,000- and
20,000-dollar notes. Tese notes were printed locally by Fidelity
Printers in Bulawayo. Te 10,000-dollar appears to be printed
on paper originally supplied by Giesecke & Devrient for use on
1,000-dollar notes, as evidenced by the fact that the electrotype
watermark is 1000 and does not match the denominations printed
on the note. Te 20,000-dollar note lacks a security thread and
watermark and is thought to be printed on paper from a Chinese
supplier. Its vulnerability to counterfeiting has resulted in some
merchants refusing payments with the new notes.
10,000 dollars
Brown. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Harvester and tractor.
Windowed security thread. Watermark: Zimbabwe bird and electrotype denomination of
1000. 153 x 76 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 29.09.2008.
20,000 dollars
Brown. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Victoria Falls; Kariba dam.
Iridescent stripe. No security thread. Watermark: None. 153 x 76 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 29.09.2008.
50,000 dollars
Green. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Farmer plowing feld on
mechanical tractor; miner with jackhammer. Iridescent stripe. No security thread.
Watermark: None. 153 x 76 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 13.10.2008.
On November 5, 2008, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
introduced 100,000-, 500,000-, and 1,000,000-dollar notes. In the
measures underway, the Reserve Bank plans to introduce a number
of new, higher denominations; review the cash withdrawal limits,
as well as commence aggressive campaigns for increased usage of
alternative means of payment, the central bank said in a statement.
Te government put infation at 230 million percent for July, the
worlds highest, although the Washington-based Cato Institute
foundation estimates it now at 10.2 quadrillion percent.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 115
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
500,000 dollars
Green. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Palm trees; workers
milking cows. No security thread. Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 05.11.2008.
1,000,000 dollars
Blue. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Great Zimbabwe ruins;
cattle. Windowed security thread with demetalized RBZ and Zimbabwe bird hologram.
Watermark: Zimbabwe bird Type C and electrotype 1000 [sic]. Printer: Unknown. 153 x 76
mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 05.11.2008.
10,000,000 dollars
Violet. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Unknown buildings; Great
Zimbabwe ruins. TK security thread. Watermark: TK. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 73 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 04.12.2008.
Replacement notes: Prefx TK.
50,000,000 dollars
ColorTK. Front: TK. Back: TK. TK security thread. Watermark: TK. Printer: Unknown. TK
mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 04.12.2008.
Replacement notes: Prefx TK.
100,000,000 dollars
Red. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: GMB grain silos. TK
security thread. Watermark: TK. Printer: Unknown. 147 x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 04.12.2008.
Replacement notes: Prefx TK.
200,000,000 dollars
Brown. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Parliament building;
Heroes Acre. Iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ. No security thread. Watermark: None.
Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 14.12.2008.
500,000,000 dollars
Purple. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Palm trees; workers
milking cows; miner with jackhammer. Iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ. No security
thread. Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 14.12.2008.
1,000,000,000 dollars
Green. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Palm trees; elephant.
Iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ. No security thread. Watermark: None. Printer:
Unknown. 148 x 74 mm
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 19.12.2008.
116 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
5,000,000,000 dollars
Brown and purple. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Farmer
plowing feld on mechanical tractor; workers milking cows. TK security thread. Watermark:
TK. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 19.12.2008.
10,000,000,000 dollars
Purple. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Kariba dam; miner with
jackhammer. Iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ. No security thread. Watermark: None.
Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 19.12.2008.
20,000,000,000 dollars
Green. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Great Zimbabwe ruins;
palm trees. No security thread. Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown. 147 x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 09.01.2009.
50,000,000,000 dollars
Brown. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Great Zimbabwe ruins;
RBZ headquarters building. No security thread. Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown. 147
x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 09.01.2009.
10,000,000,000,000 dollars
Green Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: RBZ headquarters
building; Great Zimbabwe ruins. No security thread. Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown.
148 x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 16.01.2009.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 117
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
20,000,000,000,000 dollars
Red. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Miner with jackhammer;
GMB grain silos. No security thread. Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 16.01.2009.
50,000,000,000,000 dollars
Green. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Kariba dam; elephant. No
security thread. Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 16.01.2009.
100,000,000,000,000 dollars
Blue. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth; cow. Back: Victoria Falls; buffalo. No
security thread. Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2008. Signature 5. Introduced 16.01.2009.
According to a BBC News report dated January 29, 2009, while
delivering the annual budget to parliament, acting Finance Minister
Patrick Chinamasa announced, In line with the prevailing practices
by the general public, [the] government is therefore allowing the use
of multiple foreign currencies for business transactions alongside
the Zimbabwean dollar. Previously only licensed businesses could
accept foreign currencies, although it was common practice in the
black market.
According to a report in Te Zimbabwe Times dated February 2,
2009, Gideon Gono, governor of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe,
says that Fidelity Printers can churn out only two million notes
per day, an amount insufcient to meet the publics demand for
currency. Nonetheless, the country has announced that it is yet
again revaluing the dollar, this time by removing 12 zeros. Tat
means the highest denomination in the old money, Z$100
trillion, is now equal to Z$100. New notes are available in
denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 500 dollars. Tey all
feature a color-shift stripe with RBZ, a color-shift Zimbabwe bird,
and chevrons as registration devices. Te older notes will circulate in
parallel until June 30, 2009.
92 1 dollar VG VF UNC
Light blue. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Village huts; two woman
with poles. Iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ. No security thread. Watermark: None.
Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 5. Introduced 02.02.2009.
118 2009 Owen W. Linzmayer
Zimbabwe (www.rbz.co.zw)
93 5 dollars VG VF UNC
Tan and green. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Tigerfsh; Kariba Dam
on Zambezi River. Iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ. No security thread. Watermark:
None. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 5. Introduced 02.02.2009.
94 10 dollars VG VF UNC
Violet. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Great Zimbabwe ruins.
Iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ. No security thread. Watermark: None. Printer:
Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 5. Introduced 02.02.2009.
95 20 dollars VG VF UNC
Purple and light blue. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Hwange thermal
power station smokestacks and cooling towers. Iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ. No
security thread. Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 5. Introduced 02.02.2009.
96 50 dollars VG VF UNC
Violet. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Hwange thermal power station
smokestacks and cooling towers. Iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ. No security thread.
Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 5. Introduced 02.02.2009.
97 100 dollars VG VF UNC
Brown. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Freedom Flame monument;
Harare buildings. Iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ. No security thread. Watermark:
None. Printer: Unknown. 148 x 74 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 5. Introduced 02.02.2009.
2009 Owen W. Linzmayer 119

98 500 dollars VG VF UNC
Green. Front: Chiremba balancing rocks in Epworth. Back: Three elephants. Iridescent
stripe with repeating RBZ. No security thread. Watermark: None. Printer: Unknown. 148
x 74 mm.
a. 2009. Signature 5. Introduced 02.02.2009.
According to a BBC News article dated April 12, 2009,
Zimbabwe has suspended the use of the Zimbabwe dollar for at least
a year following the legalization of foreign currencies (most notably
the United States dollar and South African rand). Tere was
nothing to support the value of the Zimbabwean dollar, admitted
Economic Planning Minister Elton Mangoma. As previously
reported on this site, the use of foreign currency has been allowed
since January to combat the hyper-infation that quickly devastated
the value of all Zimbabwean dollar-denominated notes, no matter
how large. Te legal and widespread use of foreign currency has
coincided with consumer prices falling for three months in a
row. Te state-controlled Sunday Mail newspaper said the unity
government of Mugabe and opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai
decided the Zimbabwe dollar should only be reintroduced when
industrial output reaches about 60 percent of capacity from the
current 20 percent average.
118 2008 Owen W. Linzmayer