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Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series

Series Editor
Tom Proulx
Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc.,
Bethel, CT, USA
For further volumes:
http://www.springer.com/series/8922
Alvaro Cunha
Editor
Topics in Dynamics of Bridges, Volume 3
Proceedings of the 31st IMAC, A Conference on Structural
Dynamics, 2013
Editor
Alvaro Cunha
Department of Civil Engineering
Universidade do Porto
Praca Gomes Teixeira
Porto, Portugal
ISSN 2191-5644 ISSN 2191-5652 (electronic)
ISBN 978-1-4614-6518-8 ISBN 978-1-4614-6519-5 (eBook)
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-6519-5
Springer New York Heidelberg Dordrecht London
Library of Congress Control Number: 2013932014
#The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2013
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Preface
Topics in Dynamics of Bridges represents one of seven volumes of technical papers presented at the 31st IMAC,
A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2013, organized by the Society for Experimental Mechanics, and
held in Garden Grove, California, February 1114, 2013. The full proceedings also include volumes on Nonlinear
Dynamics; Experimental Dynamics Substructuring; Dynamics of Civil Structures; Model Validation and Uncertainty
Quantication; Special Topics in Structural Dynamics; and Modal Analysis.
Each collection presents early ndings from experimental and computational investigations on an important area within
Structural Dynamics. The Dynamics of Bridges is one of these areas.
This focus area seeks to provide a dedicated forum for researchers, designers, and bridge owners to exchange ideas and
concepts relating to the development, implementation, and application of efcient experimental and numerical tools for the
assessment, monitoring, and control of the dynamic behavior of roadway, railway, or pedestrian bridges, taking in mind
problems of human comfort, structural performance and durability, damage detection and location, or structural rehabilita-
tion. Particular attention is devoted to innovative applications in full-scale structures.
The organizers would like to thank the authors, presenters, session organizers, and session chairs for their participation in
this track.
Porto, Portugal Alvaro Cunha
v
Contents
1 Vibration Analysis and Structural Identication of a Seismically Isolated Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
C. Bedon and A. Morassi
2 Cable-Stayed Footbridge: Investigation into Superstructure and Cable Dynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Reto Cantieni
3 Analysis and Mitigation of Vibration of Steel Footbridge with Excessive Amplitudes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
S. Posp sil, S. Hracov, S. Urushadze, and D. Jermoljev
4 Change in Mass and Damping on Vertically Vibrating Footbridges Due to Pedestrians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Christos T. Georgakis and Nina G. Jrgensen
5 Predicting Footbridge Response Using Stochastic Load Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Lars Pedersen and Christian Frier
6 Temperature and Trafc Load Effects on Modal Frequency for a Permanently
Monitored Bridge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Yavuz Kaya, Martin Turek, and Carlos Ventura
7 Structural Monitoring and Analysis of Bridges for Emergency Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Martin Turek, Yavuz Kaya, Carlos Ventura, and Sharlie Huffman
8 Long-Term Modal Analysis of the New Carquinez Long-Span Suspension Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Y. Zhang and J.P. Lynch
9 Static and Dynamic Monitoring of Bridges by Means of Vision-Based Measuring System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Giorgio Busca, Alfredo Cigada, Paolo Mazzoleni, Marco Tarabini, and Emanuele Zappa
10 Using an Instrumented Tractor-Trailer to Detect Damage in Bridges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Eugene J. OBrien and Jennifer Keenahan
11 Sensitivity Analysis of the Lateral Damping of Bridges for Low Levels of Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
A.R. Ortiz, C.E. Ventura, and S.S. Catacoli
12 Vibration Monitoring and Load Distribution Characterization of I-89 Bridge 58-N. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Geoff May and Eric M. Hernandez
13 Dynamic Modeling and Field Testing of Railroad Bridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Hani Nassif, Peng Lou, and Ying-Jie Wang
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14 Optimal Sensor Placement for Structures Under Parametric Uncertainty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Rafael Castro-Triguero, Senthil Murugan, Michael I. Friswell, and Rafael Gallego
15 Effects of Bolted Connection on Beam Structural Modal Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Zhi-Sai Ma, Li Liu, Si-Da Zhou, Di Jiang, and Yuan-Yuan He
viii Contents