Sie sind auf Seite 1von 28

Oil filter unit

OF 100
Operating Instructions
2
018/05/01/0
3
018/05/01/0
Contents
Contents
1 General ..................................................................................................................................................... 4
1.1 Safety instructions .......................................................................................................................... 4
1.2 Designated application ................................................................................................................... 4
1.3 Function ......................................................................................................................................... 5
1.3.1 Function principle .................................................................................................................. 5
1.3.2 Cleaning and drying .............................................................................................................. 5
1.3.2.1 Cleaning of the switching oil by a paper filter ........................................................... 5
1.3.2.2 Cleaning and drying of the switching oil by a combined filter cartridge ..................... 5
1.4 Types ............................................................................................................................................. 6
1.5 Available designs ........................................................................................................................... 6
2 Design ...................................................................................................................................................... 7
2.1 Suction pipe ................................................................................................................................... 7
2.2 Pipes .............................................................................................................................................. 7
2.3 Pump unit ....................................................................................................................................... 7
2.3.1 Pump motor .......................................................................................................................... 7
2.3.2 Feed pump ............................................................................................................................ 8
2.3.3 Filter cartridge ....................................................................................................................... 8
2.3.4 Tank ...................................................................................................................................... 8
2.4 Control ............................................................................................................................................ 8
2.4.1 Control inside the motor drive housing .................................................................................. 8
2.4.1.1 Electrical control ....................................................................................................... 8
2.4.1.2 Electrical protection.................................................................................................. 8
2.4.2 Control in separate control cabinet ........................................................................................ 9
2.4.2.1 Electrical control ....................................................................................................... 9
2.4.2.2 Heating .................................................................................................................... 9
2.4.2.3 Electrical protection.................................................................................................. 9
2.4.2.4 Electrical monitoring equipment ............................................................................... 9
2.4.2.5 Control cabinet ......................................................................................................... 9
3 Criteria for operation............................................................................................................................... 10
4 Schematic illustration of oil circulation................................................................................................. 11
5 Installation ............................................................................................................................................... 12
6 Commissioning ....................................................................................................................................... 15
6.1 Paper filter cartridge ........................................................................................................................ 15
6.2 Combined filter cartridge ................................................................................................................. 16
6.2.1 Oil monitoring during commissioning and during operation .................................................. 16
7 Replacement of the filter cartridge ........................................................................................................ 17
7.1 Paper filter cartridge ........................................................................................................................ 17
7.1.1 Replacement of the filter cartridge........................................................................................ 17
7.2 Combined filter cartridge ................................................................................................................. 17
7.2.1 Replacement of the combined filter cartridge ........................................................................ 17
8 Special designs ....................................................................................................................................... 19
9 Disposal of used filter cartridges ........................................................................................................... 19
10 Appendix .................................................................................................................................................. 19
NOTE
The data described in these Operating Instructions may vary in detail from the design delivered.
We reserve the right to make alterations without notice.
4
018/05/01/0
All personnel involved in installation, commissioning,
operation, maintenance or repair of the equipment must:
- be suitably qualified and
- strictly observe these Operating Instructions.
Improper operation or misuse can lead to
- a reduction in the efficiency of the equipment
- damage of the equipment and property of the
user
- serious or fatal injury.
Safety instructions in this manual are presented in three
different forms to emphasize important information.
WARNING
This information indicates particular danger to life and
health. Disregarding such a warning can lead to
serious or fatal injury.
1 General
1.1 Safety instructions
1
General
1.2 Designated application
CAUTION
It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the oil
filter unit is to be used for the designated application
only.
For safety reasons, do not carry out any unauthorized
work, i.e. during installation, modification, commis-
sioning and alteration of the oil filter unit without first
consulting MR!
The trouble-free operation of the motor drive, the on-
load tap-changer and the transformer may be put at
risk.
WARNING
All relevant fire protection regulations must be strictly
observed.
The oil filter unit OF 100 is exclusively used for cleaning
and drying the switching oil of on-load tap-changers in
power transformers and for operating plunger-core
earth-fault neutralizers.
CAUTION
This information indicates particular danger to the
equipment or other property of the user. Serious or
fatal injury cannot be excluded.
NOTE
These notes give important information on a certain
subject.
CAUTION
Observe the local environmental regulations when
handling the tap changer oil.
CAUTION
Do not dry the oil filter plant and the control cabinet
(special design) together with the transformer.
5
018/05/01/0
1
General
1.3 Function
1.3.1 Function principle
The cylindrical tank of the pump unit contains the feed
pump, the pump motor and the filter insert. The flange
connections for oil feed and return are located on the
top and bottom covers.
The pump unit draws the switching oil in through the
suction pipe of the tap changer and the feed pipe.
The oil enters the tank of the pump unit and is then
pressed through the filter insert by the feed pump. The
filtered oil (in case of combined filter insert filtered and
dried) leaves the tank through the flanged connector
and returns to the tap-changer head through the return
pipe.
A pressure switch, set at 3.5 /4.0 bar (combined filter /
paper filter cartridge) at the factory closes a signalling
contact, when the critical pressure has been reached
and gives a remote signal to the control room.
If required by the customer, the signal of the pressure
switch is suppressed by an integrated temperature
switch if the oil temperature falls below 20 C. In this
case an incorrect signal due to an increased oil visco-
sity is avoided (special design).
CAUTION
Replace the filter cartridge when the working pressure
exceeds 3.5 bar and the oil temperature is higher than
20 C.
NOTE
Please note that the manometer may trip during start-
up due to a higher viscosity of the oil in the presence
of a low oil temperature (standard design).
This signal can be ignored when the oil temperature is
below 20 C.
The oil filter unit is used for cleaning or for cleaning and
drying the switching oil in on-load tap changers.
Depending on requirements, it can be fitted with a paper
filter (for cleaning) or with a combined filter (for cleaning
and drying).
1.3.2.1 Cleaning of the switching oil by
paper filter
When on-load tap changers are used in industrial
transformers under extremely onerous conditions (high
switching frequencies, consistently at full load and high
frequent overloads) arcing will relatively soon cause
contamination of the switching oil.This applies, for
example, to on-load tap changers incorporated into
transformers on furnace or electrolytic plants.
These service conditions can be met by an oil filter
unit with a paper filter insert.
The paper filter cartridge allows to clean the oil from
solid particles. The number of inspections and oil
changes which are otherwise necessary at short inter-
vals, is reduced.
The specific contamination of the switching oil depends
on:
the quantity of oil (litres)
the switching energy (kWs)
the switching frequency
Refer to section 3, table 1 and 2 for the criteria on how
to use the oil filter unit
1.3.2.2 Cleaning and drying of the switching
oil by a combined filter cartridge
(paper filter with drying agent)
When the on-load tap-changer is installed in areas
where humidity is extremely high and the temperature in
the oil conservator usually falls below the dew point
every day, an increased water content in the tap
changer oil and an accumulation of water in the carbon
deposited on the insulating materials can occur which
will deteriorate the insulating properties of the on-load
tap-changer.
Refer to section 3, table 1 and 2 for the criteria on how
to use the oil filter unit
1.3.2 Cleaning and drying
6
018/05/01/0
1
General
The combined filter cartridge not only filters contaminat-
ing particles from the switching oil but also reduces the
water content to a residual amount of 10 ppm.
The necessary oil monitoring can be reduced and an oil
conditioning during inspections is not required.
The combined filter cartridge is equipped with a paper
filter on the outside (filter fineness ca. 9 micron) and
filled with a drying agent on the inside (granules approx.
4 kg).
1.4 Types
The different basic designs of the oil filter unit OF 100 are identified by distinctive product designations.
1.5 Available designs
NOTE
Please note that the storage time of a combined filter
cartridge in its original wrapping should not exceed
4 years. Otherwise the trouble-free function of the
filter plant cannot be guaranteed.
CAUTION
Because of the highly hygroscopic properties of the
drying agent do not remove the combined filter
cartridge from the transport container until immedi-
ately before installation into the pump unit and com-
missioning of the plant.
CAUTION
Check after receipt of the delivery that the transport
container with the combined filter cartridge is un-
damaged. Even minor damage to the air-tight
wrapping can render the filter cartridge useless in a
very short time. Carefully store the filter cartridge in its
air-tight wrapping.
Type designation Description
OF 100 SP Oil Filter
Of 100 DC Oil filter unit with control in the motor drive unit with combined filter cartridge
Of 100 DP Oil filter unit with control in the motor drive unit with paper filter cartridge
Of 100 D Control for oil filter unit in the motor drive unit
OF 100 SC Oil filter unit with separate control cabinet with combined filter cartridge
OF 100 SP Oil filter unit with separate control cabinet with paper filter cartridge
OF 100 S Control in a separate control cabinet
OF 100 NC Oil filter unit with combined filter cartridge without control
OF 100 NP Oil filter unit with paper filter cartridge without control
Design Temperature switch Control
with without integrated in ED separate control cabinet
Standard design

Special design
7
018/05/01/0
2 Design
(see fig. 1)
A complete oil filter unit comprises the following
components:
2.1 Suction pipe
A suction pipe installed in the on-load tap-changer
which leads from the tap changer oil compartment
bottom to the tap changer head.
2.2 Pipes
Two pipes (feed and return, nominal width not less than
22 mm) with appropriate flanges D115.
When installing the pump unit, the feed and return pipe
is to be equipped with a stop valve.
The pipes and accessories are to be provided by the
transformer manufacturer.
2
Design
1
Oil filter unit,
schematic illustration
1 - Pump unit
2 - Contact manometer
3 - Pressure switch
4 - Oil return
5 - Stop valve
6 - Oil return pipe
7 - Tap changer head
8 - Oil feed
9 - Drain valve
2.3 Pump unit (appendix, dim. drwg. 898 718)
Ratings (standard design)
Power: 1.1 kW
Voltage: 3 AC 230/400 V
Rated current: 4.5 / 2.6 A
Frequency: 50 - 60 Hz
Synchronous speed: 3000 1/min (50 Hz)
3600 1/min (60 Hz)
2.3.1 Pump motor
7
1
int831
2
4
5
5 6 3
8
9
8
018/05/01/0
2
Design
2.3.2 Feed pump
Centrifugal pump capacity approx. 65 I/min (35 I/min)
against a pressure of 0.5 bar (3.5 bar)
2.3.3 Filter cartridge:
Design with paper filter cartridge for cleaning of the
switching oil, filter fineness ca. 9 micron
Design with a combined filter cartridge for cleaning
and drying of the switching oil, filter fineness
9 micron, granule filling approx. 4 kg
2.3.4 Tank
Steel cylinder with top and bottom covers (pump
flange)
Outdoor design
Dimensions (W x H x D) = 410 x 925 x 406 mm
outside paint RAL 7033
Test pressure 6 bar
Flanged connectors for feed and return pipes
Manometer (mounted to tank)
Pressure switch (mounted to pressure tank)
adjustable from 0...6 bar, set at 3.5 bar,
contact rating: AC 250 V, I
max
= 3 A
P
max
= 500VA/250 W
Temperature switch (special design) at the bottom
(pump flange installed) fig. 2
set to 25 5 C,
contact rating: AC 230 V, 10 A
Weight of the complete pump unit (dry): approx. 75 kg
Oil capacity: approx. 35 litres
2.4 Control
2.4.1 Control inside the motor drive housing
The electrical control of the standard design is
installed in the housing of the motor drive unit
(fig. 3).
Control by a potential-free contact of the motor drive;
Operating time:
- factory setting by time relay
(see. table 1, section 3);
- adjustable up to 24 hours by time switch;
- by control switch for permanent operation
Voltage: AC 230 V
Power consumption per motor contactor:
65 VA (initial)
9 VA (running)
2.4.1.2 Electrical protection
Each pump motor is provided with a motor
protective switch with thermal and magnetic
overload trip
2.4.1.1 Electrical control
3
0
MOTOR PROT
MOTOR DRIVE
MAIN SWITCH
OFF/ON
MRMaschinenfabrik Reinhausen
1 2
0 3 9 9 0 0
360282
SIEMENS
SYLVANIA
8
10
9
7
L R
15
14
13
12
11
6
5
4
3
2
1
16 17
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
20 19
18
34
35
=1
33x
MOTOR PROT
OIL FILTER
SIEMENS
1 2
KHW 1122-4-01
2
KHW 1143
1 - Temperature switch
(optional)
2 - Oil sample valve
3 - Earthing screw
4 - Terminal box
5 - Stop valve
1
2
3
4
5
9
018/05/01/0
2
Design
2.4.2 Control in separate control cabinet
(special design)
4
2.4.2.1 Electrical control
The electrical control of the standard design is
installed in a separate control cabinet (fig. 4).
Control by a potential-free contact of the motor drive;
Operating time:
- factory setting by time relay
(see table 1, section 3);
- adjustable up to 24 hours by time switch;
- by control switch for permanent operation.
Voltage: AC 230 V
Power consumption per motor contactor:
65 VA (initial)
9 VA (running)
2.4.2.2 Heating
Voltage: AC 230 V
Power: 15 W
Each pump motor is provided with a motor
protective switch with thermal and magnetic
overload trip
Automatic cutout for control circuit
2.4.2.4 Electrical monitoring equipment
Elapsed-hour meter, 5-digit display
(recording of pump operating time)
Pulse counter, 6-digit display
(recording of pump starting frequency)
2.4.2.5 Control cabinet
Sheet-steel housing, outdoor design, protection IP 55
W x H x D : 400 x 600 x 210 mm
Paint : RAL 7033
Weight: ca. 10.5 kg
2.4.2.3 Electrical protection
K1
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
X1
R1
H6
Q1
S30 K29
F14
P3
P2
KHW 903-4
Control cabinet with equipment for one
pump unit
K29 Time delay relay
K1 Motor contactor
S30 Control switch
P2 Time switch
P3 Elapsed-hour meter
F14 Automatic cutout
Q1 Motor protective switches
H6 Counter
R1 Heating
X1 Terminal strip
10
018/05/01/0
3
Criteria for operation
3 Criteria for operation
For the operation of process transformers with an
annual number of switching operations > 15,000 it is
recommended that an oil filter plant with a paper filter
cartridge be installed, as this will extend the length of
the maintenance interval (refer to operating instructions
of the various on-load tap-changers).
Table 1 Factory setting of pump running time of the oil filter unit with paper filter or combined filter cartridge for
various OLTC types
OLTC (ST) M III 350 D-123 OLTC type
Selector switch (LW) OLTC (ST) M III 600 D-123 M, R, RM, T, G
U
bLW
= max. voltage between the phases U
bST
= max. phase-to-phase operating voltage
on insulation distance to ground of the OLTC
V III 200 D-76
V III 350 D-76 55 kV < U
bLW
79 kV
V III 500 D-76 U
m
= highest voltage
79 kV < U
bST
123 kV for equipment
H III 400 D-123 79 kV < U
bLW
123 kV OLTC
H III 400 D-145 123 kV < U
bLW
145 kV > 300 kV
H III 400 D-145 79 kV < U
bLW
95 kV
1)
1)
(autotransformer)
For OLTCs in operation with full insulation between the
phases (V lll ...D, H lll ...D, M lll ...D as well as the
single-phase switches with U
m
= 300 kV) the
installation of an oil filter plant with combined filter
cartridge is recommended for maintaining the dielectric
properties of the switching oil according to table 2.
On-load tap changer Min. running time of pump per tap change operation
Type V, H 30 min.
Type M, MS 30 min.
Type R, RM 60 min.
Type T 60 min.
Type G 60 min.
Table 2 Operating criteria which make the installation of an oil filter unit with combined filter cartridge
obligatory.
11
018/05/01/0
4
Schematic illustration of oil circulation
4 Schematic illustration of oil
circulation
In process transformers each switching column is provided with one pump unit with a paper filter cartridge (fig. 5).
6
In network transformers when an oil filter unit with combined filter insert according to table 2 is used, each switch-
ing column is provided with one pump unit. Exceptions are the on-load tap-changer types M III 350 D and M III 600 D
as well as MS I / MS II and M I / M II as they can be operated with one pump unit only (fig. 6) for both columns.
5
Oil filter unit, schematic illustration
1 - Pump unit
2 - Manometer
3 - Pressure switch
4 - Return pipe
5 - Stop valve
6 - Return pipe
7 - Tap changer head
8 - Feed pipe
9 - Drain valve
Oil filter unit, schematic illustration, (only for
network transformers with a combined filter
cartridge)
1 - Pump unit
2 - Manometer
3 - Pressure switch
4 - Return pipe
5 - Stop valve
6 - Return pipe
7 - Tap changer head
8 - Feed pipe
9 - Drain valve
= " with M III 350 D
and M III 600 D
= 1" with OLTC
combinations
M I / M II
MS I / MS II
int831
7
1
2
4
5
5 6 3
8
9
int830
7
1
2
4
5
5 6 3
8
9
12
018/05/01/0
8
5
Installation
5 Installation
The installation of the complete oil filter unit should be
carried out in the following steps:
Attach the pipes and fastenings (studs) for pump
unit and control cabinet (special design) to the
transformer tank.
CAUTION
Please note that a stop valve is obligatory on the
feed and return pipe flange (fig. 9). Without it large
amounts of tap changer oil can leak out during the
changing of the filter.
9 7
Before proceeding with the installation, install the on-
load tap-changer in the transformer, dry it and fill it
with oil.
Attach pump unit and control cabinet (special
design) to the transformer tank.
Connect the pipes to the tap changer head (fig. 8)
and to the pump unit (fig. 9), see also fig. 13.
Establish an electrical connection with the pressure
switch ( see connection plug in fig. 7) respectively
the temperature switch (special design).
bar
3 2
1
0 6
5
4
KI1,6
ACHTUNG! Die Filterpatrone fr
die Filteranlage wird separat mitgeliefert! Vor
Inbetriebnahme muss diese Filterpatrone
gemss Betriebsanweisung BA 18/... eingebaut
werden!
ATTENTION! The filter cartridge
for the filter unit is packed separately!
The filter cartridge is to be installed
according to Operating Instructions BA 18/...
before putting the unit in service!
IMPORTANT!!!
delivery
filter
commissioning
098 655:02
MRREINHAUSEN
Umax: 250 V AC Imax: 3 A
Schaltdruck: ........ 3,5 bar
GERMANY
Pmax: 500 VA / 250 W MR-Nr.:706094:00
KHW 1120
NOTE
Take care to keep the inner surfaces of the pipes
absolutely clean and free of rust, scaling etc.
KHW 805
MR
REINHAUSEN
GERMANY
5
bar
6
0
1
2
4
3
KI1,6
Umax: 250 V AC Imax: 3 A
Schaltdruck: ........ 3,5 bar
Pmax: 500 VA / 250 W
MR-Nr.:706094:00
KHW 1114
S R
E2
Q
Connected to Q
(compare to
fig. 8)
>
CAUTION
Check the oil level in the oil conservator after the
installation.
The trouble-free operation of the oil filter unit, the on-
load tap-changer and the transfomer may be put at
risk.
Connected to S
(compare to
fig. 8)
o
<
13
018/05/01/0
NOTE
If the phase sequence is correct the manometer
shows higher than 3.5 bar with the pump running and
the return valve shut.
Establish proper ground connections at the pump
unit and at the control cabinet (special design).
Ground connection of the OF 100 is ensured on all
the flanges by 4 contact washers for each flange.
The contact washers are locking devices and ensure
a proper metallic contact. A ground connection for the
pump unit is provided on the terminal box (fig. 10).
The electrical connection of the pump motor and of
the control cabinet (special design) must be esta-
blished according to the corresponding circuit
diagram (see appendix).
5
Installation
Ensure proper filling of the pump unit.
Bleed the pipe system and the pump unit by opening
the bleeder screw (fig. 11) on the return pipe flange.
10
KHW 1142
Earthing screw
Special design:
temperature switch
o
o
After installation of the oil filter plant at the transformer
site prick the breather cap on top of the manometer with
the attached needle, as shown on the decal (fig. 12).
11 KHW 1118
o
Bleeder screw
o
Breather cap
12
MR
REINHAUSEN
GERMANY
5
bar
6
0
1
2
4
3
KI1,6
Umax: 250 V AC Imax: 3 A
Schaltdruck: ........ 3,5 bar
Pmax: 500 VA / 250 W
MR-Nr.:706094:00
KHW 1114
o
o
Needle
Decal
14
018/05/01/0
5
Installation
Type
H
Connecting
flange
S, Q
O-ring
gasket 44.2-5.7
Connecting
flange
S, Q
O-ring
gasket 44.2-5.7
Connecting
flange
S, Q
O-ring
flange 44.2-5.7
Connecting
flange
S, R
Sealing
area
Type
MS
M
RM
R
Type
G
115
85
66
26
1
4
125
85
60
28
M
1
0
85
1
4
115
40
115
85
66
26
1
4
115
85
66
26
1
4
R,E
R,E
R
S
4
5
4
5

4
5
4
5

S
R
Q
E2
1
5

1
5

1
5

S
R
E2
1
5

1
5

1
5

S
R
E2
1
7

1
7

8
,
5

8
,
5

E1
E1
E1
Q
Q
Type
V
Position of feed and return pipe connection on the tap changer head
13
15
018/05/01/0
6
Commissioning
6 Commissioning
CAUTION
The filter cartridge (paper filter or combined filter
cartridge) is delivered separate from the oil filter unit
and must not be unpacked and installed into the oil
filter unit until immediately before commissioning.
Before commissioning the oil filter unit make sure that
the filter cartridge has been installed. Without it the
oil filter unit is ineffective.
6.1 Paper filter cartridge (4.8 kg)
Operate switch S30 to make a test run
For a functional test close the stop valve of the
return pipe. During operation of the oil filter unit the
contact manometer should read a pressure of at
least 3.5 bar. If not check the phase sequence of the
motor voltage (W, V, U clockwise).
The operating time of the pump unit at the time
delay relay K29 is set to match the oil content of the
tap changer oil compartment. It is set by the manu-
facturer on the basis of the values stated in table 1.
Under certain operating conditions it may be neces-
sary to set a different pump operating time. In this
case the desired operating time has to be readjusted
at the time delay relay K29 (up to 100 hours).
Check by giving an impulse at the motor drive to set
the pump unit going automatically as soon as the
motor drive starts.
Bleed the tank at the return pipe connection
(see fig. 11).
Bleed the feed pipe connection (suction pipe
connection) at the tap changer head (see
fig. 8).
Carry out all other commissioning procedures
according to section 6.1 or 6.2.
Perform a test run and bleed again.
Perform the functional test with the control cabinet
(special design) open and the supply voltage connected
as the motor protective switch for the pump motor is
only accessible in this way.
WARNING
Observe the safety regulations during commissioning.
Danger to life and limb.
When using the integrated time switch (special design)
the pump unit - independent of the switching operations
of the on-load tap-changer - is set to a daily pump
operating time of at least 2 hours. The operating time is
set by the manufacturer between 0.00 and 2.00 o'clock.
When taking the oil filter unit into service set the time
switch to local time.
Installation of the filter cartridge (paper and combined
filter cartridge, see appendix, drawing 707 931)
Shut the stop valves of the feed and return pipe
Loosen the connecting flange at the return pipe
connection
Loosen the 6 cover screws M10/SW17, 2 ring
screws M10, remove the cover with gasket.
If the pump unit has already been filled with oil, drain
approx. 10 l at the sampling valve (see fig. 2).
Take the cartridge out of the transport case and
insert it into the pump unit; please note that the
cartridge will be centred automatically when the
cover is closed.
Fasten the cover and the cover gasket (6 screws
M10/SW17, 2 ring screws M10, max torque 30 Nm).
Attach the connecting flange on the return pipe
connection.
Open the stop valve for feed and return pipe.
16
018/05/01/0
CAUTION
The combined filter cartridge is packed separately.
Before commissioning, the filter cartridge has to be
installed and the tank filled with oil. These actions
must be carried out one after the other without inter-
ruption to avoid that the combined filter cartridge
absorbs humidity from the air.
Use only new and clean transformer oil with a di-
electric strength of 60 kV/2.5 mm and a residual
water content of 10 ppm.
Take oil samples from each transport container and
analyse them. Furthermore, make sure that the oil
quality is not affected by dirty filling equipment.
Before commissioning the filter unit at an active on-
load tap-changer, all insulating parts immersed in tap
changer oil (diverter switch unit and inner surface of
the oil compartment) must be thoroughly cleaned and
inspected.
6
Commissioning
For operating conditions that require the use of a
combined filter unit see table 2.
Test run, functional test and setting of the pump ope-
rating time are carried out according to section 6.1.
6.2 Combined filter cartridge (14.0 kg,
transport case included)
CAUTION
The combined filter cartridge must never be exposed
to humidity.
6.2.1 Oil monitoring during commissioning
and during operation
After commissioning the oil filter unit must be operated
continuously for 24 hours.
The drying ability of the combined oil filter cartridge
must be controlled by taking oil samples at regular in-
tervals. If the measured residual water content of the
switching oil exceeds 20 ppm, the combined filter must
be replaced.
Check the residual water content and the dielectric
strength when commissioning the oil filter unit and
during further operation on the basis of the flow chart as
shown in fig. 14. In dependence on the water content,
relevant measures must be carried out
Fig. 14 shows the standard procedure in bold print, i. e.
the water content and the dielectric strength are within
the admissible range.
For this standard procedure oil samples are taken in the
following intervals:
- first oil sample 30 min after commissioning
- second oil sample 24 hours after commissioning
- third oil sample 3 months after commissioning
- fourth oil sample 15 months after commissioning
- further oil samples at 2-year intervals.
Note down the oil temperature of every oil sample.
Independent of the criteria for the residual water
content, the dielectric strength of the tap changer oil
must be at least 40 kV/2.5 mm, measured according to
DIN VDE 0370 Teil 1.
CAUTION
The combined filter has to be replaced:
- when the max. operating pressure of approx.
3.5 bar has been reached, or
- when the residual water content exceeds 20 ppm
even after 24 hours of operation, or
- when the dielectric strength of not higher than
40 kV/2,5 mm has been reached after 24 hours
of filter operation
If one of these limit values has been exceed, the
filter cartridge must be replaced.
17
018/05/01/0
7
Replacement of the filter cartridge
The paper filter cartridge must be replaced when the
max. operating pressure of approx. 4 bar has been
reached.
The exact pressure limit is set by the manufacturer at
the pressure switch.
7.1.1 Replacement of the filter cartridge
should be carried out as follows
(see appendix, drawing 707 931):
Shut the stop valves of feed and return pipes
Loosen the connecting flange at the return pipe
connection.
Loosen the 6 cover screws M10/SW17, 2 ring
screws M10, remove the cover with gasket.
Drain approx. 2 liters through the drain valve
(see fig. 2)
Slowly pull out the old filter cartridge using the
handle
Take the new cartridge out of the transport case and
insert it into the pump unit; please note that the
cartridge will be centred automatically due to the
pressure exerted during the closing of the cover.
Fasten the cover and the cover gasket (6 screws
M10/SW17, 2 ring screws M10, max torque 30 Nm).
Attach the connecting flange on the return pipe
connection
Open the stop valve for feed and return pipe
Bleed the tank at the return pipe connection
(see fig. 11).
Bleed the feed pipe connection (suction pipe
connection) at the tap changer head (see fig. 8)
Perform a test run and bleed again.
7 Replacement of the filter cartridge
7.1 Paper filter cartridge
CAUTION
The paper filter cartridge is separately delivered in
dried condition. Do not unpack until immediately
before installation.
7.2 Combined filter cartridge
7.2.1 For replacing the combined filter
cartridge proceed as described in
section 7.1.1.
Oil monitoring is to be carried out according to section
6.2.1. Strictly observe the safety instructions given in
section 6.2
CAUTION
Only use original MR filter cartridges which are
especially designed for the described oil filter unit.
The use of another type of filter cartridges can lead to
severe damage on the complete oil filter unit, and the
sequence of operation to be observed (see fig. 14) is
no longer ensured. MR must decline any responsibility
when another type of filter cartridges is used.
CAUTION
Only use the here described oil filter unit OF 100 for
MR OLTCs, which has been specially designed for the
conditions around this type of an on-load tap-changer.
The use of other oil filter units on MR on-load tap-
changers can lead to problems on the on-load tap-
changer and the transformer.
.
The combined filter cartridge is to be replaced:
- when the operating pressure exceeds 3.5 bar,
- when the residual water content exceeds 20 ppm,
- when the dielectric strength is lower than
40kV/2.5mm.
18
018/05/01/0
Oil filter unit with combined filter cartridge Supervision of oil quality
Flow chart to be observed when putting the oil filter unit into service,
when replacing the filter cartridge, or after an on-load tap-changer inspection
< 10 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
20 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
Dielectric strength U
D
of the tap changer oil
measured according to DIN VDE 0370 part 1
> 30 ppm
< 30 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
Do not put transformer
into service
< 10 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
> 30 ppm or
< 40 kV/2.5 mm
2. oil sample
after 24 hours
10 ppm H
2
O < 30 ppm
and U
D
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
Leave transformer in service
Filter for another 24 hours
Put the
transformer out
of service
Put transformer into service
Filter for another 24 hours
10 ppm H
2
O < 30 ppm
and U
D
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
< 10 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5mm
> 30 ppm or
< 40 kV/2.5 mm
Do not put
transformer into
service
Another oil sample
> 20 ppm
< 10 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
10 ppm H
2
O < 20 ppm
> 20 ppm
Another oil sample
Replace filter
cartridge
Transformer may remain in
service
Prepare to replace filter
cartridge
Operating limits after 24
hours of filter operation:
max. 20 ppm H
2
O
min. 40 kV/2.5 mm U
D
Transformer may remain in
service
Prepare to replace filter
cartridge
Operating limits after 24
hours of filter operation:
max. 20 ppm H
2
O
min. 40 kV/2.5 mm U
D
Replace the filter
cartridge
10 ppm H
2
O < 20 ppm
> 20 ppm or
< 40 kV/2.5 mm
Filter for 24
hours
Oil sample 3 months
after commissioning
> 20 ppm oder
< 40 kV/2,5 mm
20 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
Oil sample
Filter for 24 hours
> 20 ppm or
< 40 kV/2.5 mm
20 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
> 20 ppm or
< 40 kV/2.5 mm
20 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
Oil sample
Oil samples in
2-year intervals
> 20 ppm or
< 40 kV/2.5 mm
Filter for
24 hours
Oil sample
20 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
> 20 ppm or
< 40 kV/2.5 mm
20 ppm and
> 40 kV/2.5 mm
1. oil sample
after 30 Min.
2. oil sample
after 24 hours
Put the
transformer into
service
Oil sample 15 months
after commissioning
Oil compartment with new oil
H
2
O content < 10 ppm
U
D
> 60 kV/2.5 mm
Fill with oil
oberserve cleanliness
Filter pump ON
(for 24 hours)
Put transformer
into service
Leave
transformer in
service
7
Replacement of the filter cartridge
14
19
018/05/01/0
Special designs/Disposal of used filter cartridges 8/9
Appendix 10
8 Special designs 9 Disposal of used filter cartridges
The electrical equipment of the control cabinet can be
supplied in the following special designs:
Different rated voltages and/or rated frequencies for
motor and control circuit
Disposal of used oil filters in accordance with the local
environmental regulations.
10 Appendix
Rating plate _______________________________________________________________________ WN 4033-02
Pump unit, dimension drawing ____________________________________________________________ 898 718
Oil filter unit, control cabinet ______________________________________________________________ 897 688
Installation and replacement of the oil filter unit ________________________________________________ 707 931
Control for oil filter unit (1pump) in the motor drive, standard connection diagram _____________________ 362 596
Control for oil filter unit (3 pumps) in the motor drive, standard connection diagram____________________ 362 597
Control for oil filter unit (1 pump) in the control cabinet, standard connection diagram __________________ 362 715
Control for oil filter unit (3 pumps) in the control cabinet, standard connection diagram ________________ 362 716
20
018/05/01/0
Oil filter unit OF 100
WN 4033-02
Rating plate
10
Appendix
Field No. Explanation Designation example
1 MR serial number of oil filter unit 362819A
2 Year of construction 1999
3 Type designation OF 100 SC
4 Serial number of the tap changer 150890
5 Motor voltage 400
6 Motor frequency 50
7 Setting of overcurrent tripping 3.2
8 Control voltage 230
9 Frequency 50
10 Connection diagram 362462
1 2 3
4
5 6 7
8 9 10
21
018/05/01/0
10
Appendix
Oil filter unit OF 100
898 718:2E
Dimension drawing
Return pipe Bleeder screw
Pressure switch
Manometer
Pg 9
(cable 6 ... 8)
O-ring 400854:00 (44.2 5.7 FP)
The connecting flange is supplied with an O-ring.
(Flat gasket 114 x 40 x 2 type
"KLINGER-SIL C-400" is also permitted)
Filter cartridge:
The filter cartridge (paper or combined
filter) is supplied loose. The filter must not
be installed until immediately before the
commissioning of the transformer!
Installation and changing of the filter
according to installation drawing 707931.
Control:
In the standard model the control of the oil
filter unit is integrated in the motor drive
unit. The control of the special design is
installed in a separate control cabinet.
View X
Sampling valve
Pg 16 (cable 8 ... 10)
Ground screw
Pg 16
(cable 7.5 ...16)
The pipe connection (086942:) is
continuously adjustable in an angle
range from 150 to 225 and from
315 to 30
F
e
e
d
Terminals for
pump motor
Sampling
valve
Temperature switch (for
special design only)
cable gland Pg 9
(cable 6 ... 8)
Shut-off valves are not included
in the delivery of the oil filter
plant. MR can supply such
valves on request.
Bleeder screw
22
018/05/01/0
Oil filter unit OF 100
Control cabinet 897 688:2E
Dimension drawing
View from
the rear
View X
10
Appendix
23
018/05/01/0
10
Appendix
Oil filter unit OF 100
707 931:0E
Installation and replacement of the filter cartridge
4
5
0

9
7
0

(
M
1
0
)
7
0
5

9
1
7

(
S
K
M
1
0
)
4
5
5

0
4
6
(
M
1
0

x

2
0
)
7
0
5

9
1
7

(
S
K
M
1
0
)
o
r

7
0
4

3
7
0

(
S
K
K
1
0
)
7
0
5

9
2
1

(
O
-
r
i
n
g

2
1
5
-
7
)
7
0
5

9
2
2

(
O
-
r
i
n
g

2
6
5
-
5
)
L
i
f
t
i
n
g

l
e
v
e
r
I
n
s
t
a
l
l
a
t
i
o
n

p
r
o
c
e
d
u
r
e

(
i
n
s
t
a
l
l
a
t
i
o
n

a
n
d

r
e
m
o
v
a
l

o
f

f
i
l
t
e
r

c
a
r
t
r
i
d
g
e
)
:
1
.
A
f
t
e
r

c
l
o
s
i
n
g

t
h
e

t
w
o

s
t
o
p

v
a
l
v
e
s

o
n

t
h
e

f
e
e
d

a
n
d

r
e
t
u
r
n

p
i
p
e

t
h
e
c
o
v
e
r

c
a
n

b
e

o
p
e
n
e
d

b
y

l
o
o
s
e
n
i
n
g

t
h
e

6

f
i
x
i
n
g

s
c
r
e
w
s

(
M
1
0

x

2
0
)
a
n
d

t
h
e

2

e
y
e
b
o
l
t

s
c
r
e
w
s

(
M
1
0
)
.
2
.
A
f
t
e
r

o
p
e
n
i
n
g

t
h
e

c
o
v
e
r

t
h
e

f
i
l
t
e
r

c
a
r
t
r
i
d
g
e

c
a
n

b
e

i
n
s
e
r
t
e
d

i
n
t
o

t
h
e
f
l
a
n
g
e

b
y

m
e
a
n
s

o
f

t
h
e

l
i
f
t
i
n
g

l
e
v
e
r

i
n
t
e
g
r
a
t
e
d


i
n

t
h
e

c
a
r
t
r
i
d
g
e
.
(
T
h
e

l
i
f
t
i
n
g

l
e
v
e
r

m
o
v
e
s

b
a
c
k

i
n
t
o

i
t
s

f
i
x
i
n
g

g
r
o
o
v
e

w
h
e
n

c
l
o
s
i
n
g
t
h
e

c
o
v
e
r

s
o

t
h
a
t

i
t

w
i
l
l

n
o
t

t
o
u
c
h

a
n
y

s
e
a
l
i
n
g

s
u
r
f
a
c
e
)
.
P
i
p
e


c
o
n
n
e
c
t
i
o
n

t
u
r
n
e
d

t
o
s
e
c
t
i
o
n
a
l

p
l
a
n
e
C
o
r
r
e
s
p
o
n
d
i
n
g

d
i
m
e
n
s
i
o
n

d
r
a
w
i
n
g

8
9
8

7
1
8
:
S
t
o
p

v
a
l
v
e
M
1
2
T
o
r
q
u
e

=

8
0

N
m
T
o
r
q
u
e

=

3
0

N
m
M
d

=

3
0

N
m
F
l
a
n
g
e
F
i
l
t
e
r

c
a
r
t
r
i
d
g
e
:
P
a
p
e
r

o
r

c
o
m
b
i
n
e
d

f
l
t
e
r

c
a
r
t
r
i
d
g
e
i
s

d
e
l
i
v
e
r
e
d

l
o
o
s
e

a
n
d

m
u
s
t

n
o
t

b
e
i
n
s
t
a
l
l
e
d

u
n
t
i
l

i
m
m
e
d
i
a
t
e
l
y

b
e
f
o
r
e

t
h
e
c
o
m
m
i
s
s
i
o
n
i
n
g

o
f

t
h
e

t
r
a
n
s
f
o
r
m
e
r
.
3
.
T
h
e

f
i
x
i
n
g

s
c
r
e
w
s

M
1
0

m
u
s
t

b
e


t
i
g
h
t
e
n
e
d

w
i
t
h

a

l
i
m
i
t
e
d

t
o
r
q
u
e

o
f

3
0

N
m
.
4
.
D
u
e

t
o

i
t
s

p
r
e
-
t
e
n
s
i
o
n

t
h
e

l
i
f
t
i
n
g

l
e
v
e
r

i
s

l
i
f
t
e
d

o
u
t

o
f

t
h
e

g
r
o
o
v
e

a
b
o
v
e
t
h
e

o
i
l

l
e
v
e
l

w
h
e
n

t
h
e

c
o
v
e
r

i
s

o
p
e
n
e
d

s
o

t
h
a
t

t
h
e

f
i
l
t
e
r

c
a
r
t
r
i
d
g
e

c
a
n

b
e
e
a
s
i
l
y

l
i
f
t
e
d

o
u
t
.
24
018/05/01/0
10
Appendix
Oil filter unit OF 100
Control for oil filter unit (1 pump) in motor drive 362 596
Standard connection diagram
B
5
P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
K
7
M
O
T
O
R


C
O
N
T
A
C
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P
K
2
9
T
I
M
E


R
E
L
A
Y
M
4
M
O
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P
Q
4
M
O
T
O
R


P
R
O
T
E
C
T
I
V
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
S
3
0
S
W
I
T
C
H


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


T
E
S
T
S
1
1
6
C
A
M
-
O
P
E
R
A
T
E
D


C
O
N
T
A
C
T
I
N
D
I
C
A
T
I
O
N


O
V
E
R
P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E
25
018/05/01/0
10
Appendix
Oil filter unit OF 100
Control for oil filter unit (3 pumps) in the motor drive 362 597
Standard connection diagram
B
4
P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
B
5
P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
B
6
P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
K
7
M
O
T
O
R


C
O
N
T
A
C
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P
S
K
2
9
T
I
M
E


R
E
L
A
Y
M
4
M
O
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


1
M
5
M
O
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


2
I
N
D
I
C
A
T
I
O
N


O
V
E
R
P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E
M
6
M
O
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


3
Q
4
M
O
T
O
R


P
R
O
T
E
C
T
I
V
E


S
W
I
T
C
H


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


1
Q
5
M
O
T
O
R


P
R
O
T
E
C
T
I
V
E


S
W
I
T
C
H


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


2
Q
6
M
O
T
O
R


P
R
O
T
E
C
T
I
V
E


S
W
I
T
C
H


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


3
S
3
0
S
W
I
T
C
H


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


T
E
S
T
S
1
1
6
C
A
M
-
O
P
E
R
A
T
E
D


C
O
N
T
A
C
T
26
018/05/01/0
10
Appendix
Oil filter unit OF 100
Control for oil filter unit (1 pump)in control cabinet 362 715
Standard connection diagram
B
5
P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
B
6
T
E
M
P
E
R
A
T
U
R
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
F
1
4
A
U
T
O
M
A
T
I
C


C
U
T
-
O
U
T
H
1
S
I
G
N
A
L
L
I
N
G


L
A
M
P


"
Q
1


O
F
F
"


C
O
N
T
R
O
L


R
O
O
M
H
4
S
I
G
N
A
L
L
I
N
G


L
A
M
P


"
P
U
M
P


I
N


O
P
E
R
A
T
I
O
N
"
C
O
N
T
R
O
L


R
O
O
M
H
6
E
L
E
C
T
R
I
C
A
L


C
O
U
N
T
E
R
K
1
M
O
T
O
R


C
O
N
T
A
C
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P
K
2
9
T
I
M
E


R
E
L
A
Y
M
1
M
O
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P
P
2
T
I
M
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
P
3
S
E
R
V
I
C
E


H
O
U
R


M
E
T
E
R
Q
1
M
O
T
O
R


P
R
O
T
E
C
T
I
V
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
R
1
H
E
A
T
E
R
S
3
0
S
W
I
T
C
H


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


T
E
S
T
I
N
D
I
C
A
T
I
O
N


O
V
E
R
P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E
C
O
N
T
A
C
T


W
I
T
H
O
U
T


P
O
T
E
N
T
I
A
L


I
N


T
H
E


M
O
T
O
R


D
R
I
V
E
27
018/05/01/0
10
Appendix
Oil filter unit OF 100
Control for oil filter unit (3 pumps) in control cabinet 362 716
Standard connection diagram
C
O
N
T
A
C
T


W
I
T
H
O
U
T


P
O
T
E
N
T
I
A
L
I
N


T
H
E


M
O
T
O
R


D
R
I
V
E
B
4
,

B
5
,

B
6
P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
B
7
,

B
8
,

B
9
T
E
M
P
E
R
A
T
U
R
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
F
1
4
A
U
T
O
M
A
T
I
C


C
U
T
-
O
U
T
H
1
S
I
G
N
A
L
L
I
N
G


L
A
M
P


"
Q
1


O
F
F
"


C
O
N
T
R
O
L


R
O
O
M
H
2
S
I
G
N
A
L
L
I
N
G


L
A
M
P


"
Q
2

O
F
F
"


C
O
N
T
R
O
L


R
O
O
M
H
3
S
I
G
N
A
L
L
I
N
G


L
A
M
P


"
Q
3


O
F
F
"


C
O
N
T
R
O
L


R
O
O
M
H
4
S
I
G
N
A
L
L
I
N
G


L
A
M
P


"
P
U
M
P


I
N


O
P
E
R
A
T
I
O
N
"


C
O
N
T
R
O
L


R
O
O
M
H
6
E
L
E
C
T
R
I
C
A
L


C
O
U
N
T
E
R
K
1
M
O
T
O
R


C
O
N
T
A
C
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


1
K
2
M
O
T
O
R


C
O
N
T
A
C
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


2
K
3
M
O
T
O
R


C
O
N
T
A
C
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


3
K
2
9
T
I
M
E


R
E
L
A
Y
M
1
M
O
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


1
M
2
M
O
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


2
M
3
M
O
T
O
R


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


3
P
2
T
I
M
E


S
W
I
T
C
H
P
3
S
E
R
V
I
C
E


H
O
U
R


M
E
T
E
R
Q
1
M
O
T
O
R


P
R
O
T
E
C
T
I
V
E


S
W
I
T
C
H


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


1
Q
2
M
O
T
O
R


P
R
O
T
E
C
T
I
V
E


S
W
I
T
C
H


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


2
Q
3
M
O
T
O
R


P
R
O
T
E
C
T
I
V
E


S
W
I
T
C
H


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


3
R
1
H
E
A
T
E
R
S
3
0
S
W
I
T
C
H


F
O
R


P
U
M
P


T
E
S
T
I
N
D
I
C
A
T
I
O
N


O
V
E
R
P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E
Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH 2001
Postfach 12 03 60
93025 Regensburg
Germany
Phone: (+49) 9 41 / 40 90-0
Fax: (+49) 9 41 / 40 90-111
Internet: http://www.reinhausen.com
Email: sales@reinhausen.com
BA 018/05 en - 1201/2000
018/05/01/0
F0007604
Printed in Germany