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RD-70

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RD-70
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HD VERSION
QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
DI VI SI ON
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
WARNING! TO REDUCE THE DANGER OF ELECTRIC SHOCK:
DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK)
DO NOT EXPOSE THIS APPLIANCE TO RAIN OR MOISTURE
NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL
This simbol is intended to
alert the user to the presence
of important operating and
mai nt enance (servi ci ng)
instructions in the literature
accompanying the appliance.
This simbol is intended to alert
the user to the presence of
uni nsul at ed danger ous
voltage within the products
enclouser that may be of
suf f i ci ent magni t ude t o
constitute a risk of electronic
s h o c k t o p e r s o n s .
|NSRuC|NS PER/|N|NG / R|S | ||RE
E|ECR|C S C R |N uRY PERSNS
|MPR/N S/|EY |NSRuC|NS
WARNING: When using electric products, basic precautions should always be
fallowed, including the following:
1) Read all instructions before using the product.
2) To reduce risk of injury, close supervision is necessary when product is used near
children.
3) Do note this product near water for example, near a batnub, washbowl, kitchen
sink, in a wet basement, or near a swimming pool, or the like.
4) This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or
speakers, may be capable of producing sound levels that could cause permanent
hearing loss. Do not operate for a long period of time in high volume level or at a
level that is unconfortable. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the
ears, you should consult an audiologist.
5) This products should be located away from heat sources such as radiators, heat
register, or other products that produce heat.
6) The power supply cord of the instrument should be unplugged from the outlet
when left unused for a long period of time.
7) Care should be taken so that objects do not fall and liquids are not spilled into the
enclosure of the instrument.
8) The products should be serviced by qualified personnel when:
a. The power supply cord or the plug has been demaged; or
b. Objects have fallen, or liquid has been spilled into the product; or
c. The products has been exposed to rain; or
d. The products does not appear to operate normally or exibist a marked
change in performance; or
e. The products has been dropped, or the enclosure demaged.
9) Do not attemp to service the product beyond that described in the user-
maintenance instructions. All other servicing should be referred to qualified
personnel.
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R
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INTRODUCTION
PLAYBACK
RECORDING
FLOPPY-DISKS
MIDI FUNCTIONS
MESSAGES
PROGRAMMING

Contents
1.1 General Function
1.2 Memory
1.3 MIDI Code
1.4 Standard MIDIFILE
3.1 Creating a CHAIN
3.2 Deleting a CHAIN
3.3 RANDOM Performance
3.4 Programmed Pause
3.5 CHAIN operations
3.6 General Parameters
3.7 Initialization
4.1 Preliminary Operations
4.2 Recording a song
4.3 Storing
4.4 Recording errors
5.1 Disk format
5.2 Initialization
5.3 Copying a song
5.4 Copying a whole disk
5.5 Deleting a song
5.6 Deleting a whole disk
5.7 Song protection
5.8 Protecting All songs
5.9 Removing Protection from all songs
5.10 Occupied disk space
5.11 Free disk space
6.1 MIDI UPDATE Function
6.2 SOFT THRU Function
6.3 Syncronization
6.4 TIME BASE selection
6.5 ACTIVE SENSING Function
6.6 Exclusive System
Error Messages
Other Messages
2.1 Preliminary Operation
2.2 Playing Back a song
2.3 Tempo
2.4 Song number
2.5 FF e REW Function
2.6 Beat number
2.7 REPEAT Function
2.8 AUTOPLAY Function
2.9 SINGLE Function
2.10 AUTOREW Function
2.11 START/STOP pedal control
QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
INTRODUCTION
1
INTRODUCTION
1.1General Functions
1.2Memory
RD-70
v|sccun
p|cfess|cno|
REw SP P|/Y P/uSE REC S|NG|E
PRGR/M ER/SE
EMP SNG
ENER R/NDM
S/NDBY REPE/ ||
Introduction
The RD-70 can playback and record messages generated by musical
instruments equippedwithaMIDI interface.
Themessages aremadepermanent byusingback-upfloppy-disks (3.5", 2DD
and3.5", HD) andstoringthedataas astandardMIDIFILE.
TheRD-70 cannot generatesounds itself, it canonlyhandleMIDI information
needed for the sounds to be produced by other instruments (keyboards,
expanders, drum-machines, etc.). It must therefore always be connected to
thesedevices bymeans of theMIDI connectors.
Stored data can be re-transmitted to other MIDI devices in order to
automatically reproducetheoriginal performance.
No particular type of MIDI device is needed for either recording or
reproduction: the user can choose the instrument that he finds most
convenient without anyrestrictions.
There is no limit to the number of MIDI devices that can be simultaneously
controlledbytheRD-70.
TheRD-70uses thedirect-to-diskmemorysystem.
This means that MIDI messages received from external devices connected
throughMIDI INarecontinuouslyrecordedas theyarriveonthefloppydisk, in
thestandardMIDIFILE0format (seesection1.4).
The RD-70 consequently has a small buffer memory used for momentary
storageof incomingmessages whicharethenimmediately unloadedontothe
physical storagemedium, ie. thefloppydisk.
This system allows the machine to record continuously for up to 192,000
notes!
Once recording has been completed, the RD-70 is also able to immediately
beginsongplaybackthroughtheexternal devices.
ThewordMIDI is anabbreviationfor Musical Instrument Digital Interface.
The MIDI language was originally designed by NASA for scientific purposes,
and it is only since 1983 that it has been successfully applied to musical
instruments.
It is basically a code which can convert any parameter of real musical
performance into a series of messages which can then be transmitted, by
means of aspecial interfaceandcables, toanexternal deviceequippedwitha
MIDI interfacewhichis ableto decodethemessages andreconvert theminto
musical sounds.
The MIDI code is now universally used by all musical instrument
manufacturers as it minimizes incompatibility between different brands and
models, enabling them to communicate without problems. Communication
takes place through a maximum of 16 separate transmit/receive channels
(similar in principle to TV channels) allowing for simultaneous control of at
least 16 different instrumental parts, each with completely independent
pitch, dynamics, volume, etc.
Threetypes of connectionareusedfor datacommunication:
MIDI IN: receives messages fromanexternal devicewhichgenerates them.
MIDI OUT: transmits messages generated by the device on which it is
installed.
MIDI THRU: re-transmits messages receivedat MIDI INwithout alteringthem
inanyway.
TheStandardMIDI Fileis anencodingformat for MIDI dataandis not affected
by thetypeof datacontainedor thetypeof soundsource. It is basically away
of ensuring compatibility between recordings made by different devices
(suchas sequencers, computers, etc.).
Therearetwotypes of MIDI FILE: 0and1.
Format 0 is also known as the single-track format because it stores the MIDI
data on a single track containing all of the information about the recorded
instrumental parts. Theparts areonly separatedby theMIDI channel through
whichtheyarereproduced.
Format 1 is also known as the multi-track format because it maintains the
division of the instrumental parts on separate tracks when storing the
messages (if divisionhas beenusedat therecordingstage).
1.3MIDI Code
1.4 Standard MIDI File
INTRODUCTION
MIDI can separately control
up to 16 independent sound sources.
A MIDI connector.
MIDI OUT
1 4
9
10 11
12 13
14
15
16 5
6
7
8
2 3
MIDI IN
MIDI THRU
MIDI IN
PLAYBACK
2
REw
REw
REw
SP
SP
SP
P|/Y
P|/Y
P|/Y
P|/Y
P/uSE
SP
P/uSE
P/uSE
P/uSE
REC
REC
REC
||
||
||
2.1Preliminary Operations
2.2Playing Back a Song
PLAYBACK
R|PRDu|NE
* Check that the included power supply connector is correctly inserted in the
ACAdaptor jack(seerear panel diagraminthis manual).
* Check that the power supply plug is firmly inserted in the power socket
(220V/AC).
* Connect a MIDI cable (standard 5 pin DIN) fromthe MIDI OUT connector of
theRD-70totheMIDI INconnector of anexternal soundsource.
* Insert the floppy disk containing the song to be played in the disk drive,
makingsurethat it is not upsidedownor backtofront.
* The display will show the number 01, which refers to the first song on the
disk.
* If the AUTOPLAY parameter (see 2.8 PLAYBACK) is in the ON position,
playbackwill beperformedautomatically. Otherwise, press thePLAY button.
* Youcanpauseplaybackof thesongbypressingthePAUSEbutton.
* You can stop playback and go back to thebeginning of thesong by pressing
STOP.
AC ADAPTOR
5 pin DIN MIDI CABLE
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
220V/AC
S|NG|E
S|NG|E
PRGR/M
PRGR/M
ER/SE
ER/SE
EMP
EMP
SNG
SNG
ENER
ENER
R/NDM
R/NDM
S/NDBY
S/NDBY
REPE/
REPE/
REw
REw
REw
REw
SP
SP
SP
SP
P|/Y
P|/Y
P|/Y
P|/Y
||
REw
SP
||
P/uSE
P/uSE
P/uSE
P/uSE
REC
REC
REC
REC
||
||
||
||
2.4 SONG Number
2.5 Fast-Forward and Rewind
* Press SONG < and > simultaneously to display the number of the current
song
N.B. This functionis automaticallyactuatedwhentheRD-70is turnedon.
* Tomovefromonesongtoanother, usetheSONG< and> buttons.
* When a large number of songs are stored on the same disk, you can move
more quickly from one number to another by keeping the SONG button
indicatingthedesidereddirectionof movement presseddown.
* Fast-Forwardandrewindthesongs as withanynormal cassetterecorder
* Toadvance, press FF
* Torewind, press REW
* The display will show the number of beats flashing during the search
operation
* For faster FF and Rewind operations, hold down the button indicating the
desidereddirectionof movement
* To directly move to the start of the song, keep the STOP button pressed
downthenpress REW
* Todirectlymovetotheendof thesong, keeptheSTOP buttonpresseddown
thenpress FF. Thedisplayshow ' End' duringthesearchoperation
2.3 TEMPO Function
PLAYBACK
* Press TEMPO< and> simultaneouslytodisplaythecurrent tempo
* Press TEMPO< or TEMPO> tochangetheplaybacktempo.
* Thechangeinthetempovalueis showninreal timeonthedisplay
* Values from32to250beat per minutecanbeselected
* For afaster tempochangekeeptheselectedTEMPObuttonpresseddown
* Theoriginal tempo valuecan beeasily restoredby simultaneously pressing
ERASEand theTEMPO< buttons.
REw
REw
SP
SP
P|/Y
P|/Y
P/uSE
P/uSE
REC
REC
||
||
S|NG|E
S|NG|E
S|NG|E
S|NG|E
PRGR/M
PRGR/M
PRGR/M
PRGR/M
ER/SE
ER/SE
ER/SE
ER/SE
EMP
EMP
EMP
EMP
SNG
SNG
SNG
SNG
ENER
ENER
ENER
ENER
R/NDM
R/NDM
R/NDM
R/NDM
S/NDBY
S/NDBY
S/NDBY
S/NDBY
REPE/
REPE/
REPE/
REPE/
REw SP P|/Y
REw
REPE/
S|NG|E REPE/
||
P/uSE REC ||
2.6Beat Number
2.7REPEAT Functions
N.B. Thefunctions describedinsection2.4 canonly beactuatedif theRD-70
is inPLAY, PAUSEor STOP mode.
* The RD-70 features a function for displaying the beat number. This is very
useful as it allows the user to see exactly what point of the song is being
played. Toactuatethis function, press FF andREWsimultaneously.
* The RD-70 can repeat a whole disk, a single song or a specific section of a
song
* To repeat a whole disk, simply press REPEAT (the LEDunder the button will
light up) before or after starting palyback. It will be played through to the end
of the last song recorded on the disk, then the device will go back to the first
songandstart all over again.
To exit this funcion press STOP (playback will be stopped) and press REPEAT
again(LEDunder buttonwill gooff)
* Torepeat asinglesong, proceedas follows:
1) Press theSINGLEbuttonandREPEAT button(therelativeLEDs will light up)
2) Select the desidered song with the SONG < and > buttons and start
playback.
Thesongselectedwill berepeateduntil thestopbuttonis pressed.
* Torepeat aspecific sectionof asong:
1) Select thesongcontainingtheblocktoberepeated
2) Turnonthesinglefunction
3) While olding ENTER, press REPEAT. The relative LED will start to flash
slowly.
4) Use the REW and FF buttons to move the start of the block that is to be
repeatedandpress ENTER( theREPEAT buttonLEDwill start toFlashquickly).
5) Use the REW and FF buttons to move the end of the block that is to be
repeatedandpress ENTER
6) At this point theblockhas beendefined: TheREPEAT buttonLedwill stayon
andtheplaybackcanbestartedbypressingPLAY
* It is possible to alternately position the device at the start or the end of the
set block. Todothis, whileholdingSTOP press REPEAT
* If theAUTOREW functionhas beenactuated(seesection2.10), if theSTOP
buttonis pressedduringblock repeat, theRD-70 will automatically go back to
thestart of thesongbeingplayed.
* To delete the block from the divice' s memory, stop playback then, while
holdingERASE, press repeat
PLAYBACK
REw SP P|/Y P/uSE REC ||
S|NG|E
S|NG|E
PRGR/M
PRGR/M
ER/SE
ER/SE
EMP
EMP
SNG
SNG
ENER
ENER
R/NDM
R/NDM
S/NDBY
S/NDBY
REPE/
REPE/
S|NG|E
PRGR/M ER/SE
EMP SNG
ENER R/NDM
S/NDBY REPE/
REw SP P|/Y
P|/Y
S|NG|E
SP
P/uSE REC ||
2.9SINGLE Function
2.10 AUTOREW Function
2.11START/STOP Pedal Control
* The way in which the initial parameters (see 3.6 PROGRAMMING) have
been set causes the RD-70 to automatically read all of the songs on a floppy
disk in sequence, going fromfirst to second and so on to the end. In order to
changethis, simplyselect theSINGLEmode.
1) Press theSINGLEbutton. Actuationof theSINGLEmodewill besignalledby
therelativeLEDwhichwill light up.
OncetheRD-70is inSINGLEmode, it will stopafter eachsong.
* Theautorewindfunctionallows theSTOP buttonto operateintwo different
ways:
1) AUTOREW on: when you press STOP, the player will go back to the
beginningof thesongthat has just beenplayedback.
2) AUTOREWoff: whenyoupress STOP, theplayer will stay at thepoint where
playbackwas stopped.
* By holding ENTER and also pressing STOP, the status of the AUTOREW
function will be shown on the display. It can be changed (on/off) using the
REWor FF buttons andconfirmedwithENTER.
* The AUTOREW off function can be useful when the pedal (optional) is used
for START/STOP commands.
2.8AUTOPLAY Function
PLAYBACK
* Playback of the songs can be automatically started immediately after
insertingthefloppydiskinthedriveunit (AUTOPLAY ON) bymeans of asimple
procedure:
1) While holding the ENTER button press PLAY: the current status of the
AUTOPLAY functionwill appear onthedisplay.
2) Press REWor FF tochangethestatus of thefunctionas desired(on/off).
3) ConfirmthechangebypressingENTER.
* A footswitch with a normally-open contact can be connected up to the
appropriate jack (see rear pannel diagram) for remote control of START and
STOP functions. In order to avoid serious demage to the equipment, ONLY
footswitches of theraccomandedtypeshouldbeused.
PROGRAMMING
3
S|NG|E
S|NG|E
S|NG|E
PRGR/M
PRGR/M
PRGR/M
ER/SE
ER/SE
ER/SE
EMP
EMP
EMP
SNG
SNG
SNG
ENER
ENER
ENER
R/NDM
R/NDM
R/NDM
S/NDBY
S/NDBY
S/NDBY
REPE/
REPE/
REPE/
PRGR/M
PRGR/M
REw
REw
SP
SP
P|/Y
P|/Y
P/uSE
P/uSE
REC
REC
||
||
3.3RandomPlayback
* It is possibleto playback all thesongs onadisk, or all thesongs includedina
chain, inrandomorder.
1) Press RND(therelativeLEDwill light up), thenPLAY.
Randomplayback of thesongs onthedisk will beginandcanbeinterruptedby
pressingSTOP.
2) Actuate the PROG function (LED will light up) then follow procedure 1).
Randomplayback of theprogrammedsongs will beginandcanbeinterrupted
bypressingSTOP.
3.1Creating a CHAIN
PROGRAMMING
* The RD-70 can be programmed to automatically playback a series of songs
intheorder selectedbytheuser (CHAIN).
Theprocedureis describedbelow:
1) While holding ENTER, press the PROG button (the relative LED will start
flashing).
2) Press theSONG< or > buttons toset thenumber of thesongthat youwant
toinclude.
3) ConfirmwithENTER.
4) Repeat points 2) and3) for eachsongthat youwant toprograminsequence
(maxpossiblenumber is 99).
5) At the end of selection, press STOP (the PROG LED will remain on,
indicatingthat theprogramminghas beenstoredinthememory).
6) Press PLAY tostart chainplayback. Thechaincanbestoppedat any timeby
pressingSTOP or PAUSE.
* Thechainprogrammingremains storedinthememory evenwhentheunit is
turnedoff.
As subsequent programmings will beaddedonto previous ones, it is advisable
to delete any chain already existing in the memory before programming
another.
Check the PROG LED in order to see whether the memory is free - the LED
shouldnot beilluminated.
If theLEDis on, whileholdingERASEpress PROGtoclear.
N.B. The chain will not be able to work if a floppy disk other than the one
containingthesongs programmedinthechainis insertedinthedrive.
If the chain is called up with the PROG button during normal playback of a
song, thechainwill beginafter theendof thesong.
3.2Deleting a CHAIN

PRGR/M
PRGR/M
PRGR/M
PRGR/M
S|NG|E
R/NDM
R/NDM
REPE/
REPE/
S|NG|E
PRGR/M ER/SE
EMP SNG
ENER R/NDM
S/NDBY REPE/
REw SP P|/Y P/uSE REC ||
* In PROGRAM mode (PROG LED on) it is also possible to use the single
playback, randomorder, repeat, andrandomrepeat functions.
* Press PROG then SINGLE to playback the programmed songs one at a time:
after playback of the first song, the RD-70 will automatically go on STOP and
wait for thego-aheadfor playbackof thenext song- givenbypressingPLAY.
* Press PROG then RND for continuous repeated playback of programmed
songs inrandomorder. Press STOP tointerrupt.
* Press PROG then RPT for continuous repeated playback of the chain. Press
STOP tointerrupt.
* Whenpurchased, thegeneral parameter values determiningoperationof the
RD-70areas follows:
AUTOREW(' )
AUTOPLAY (' )
SONGINTERVAL TIME(")
SOFT-THRU("' )
ACTIVESENSING("' )
MIDI CLOCK SELECT (")
MIDI CLOCK OUT ("' )
MIDI UPDATE("' )
EXCL.SYSTEMDUMP ("' )
* Inchainplayback, theRD-70 canalsoset theinterval timebetweenonesong
andanother.
1) Whileholding ENTERbuttonpress alsoPAUSE.
2) Use the REW and FF buttons to choose the desired interval (in seconds)
whichwill beshownonthedisplay.
3) ConfirmwithENTER.
3.4Programmed Pause
3.5CHAIN Operations
3.6General Parameters
PROGRAMMING
N
N
sec
N
N
/u
N
N
S/NDBY
S/NDBY ER/SE
*It is possibletorestoretheoriginal parameter values indicatedinsection3.6,
clearing any modifications madeby theuser during programming. Proceed as
follows:
1) Turnoff theRD-70bypressingtheSTANDBY button(LEDwill light up).
2) WhileholdingERASE, turntheRD-70backonwiththeSTANDBY button.
3.7Initialization
PROGRAMMING
PROGRAMMING
RECORDING
4
REC
P|/Y
P/uSE
P/uSE
*Connect a MIDI cable (standard 5 pin DIN) fromthe MIDI OUT connector of
thedatasourcetoberecordedtotheMIDI INconnector or theRD-70.
*Connect a MIDI cable (standard 5 pin DIN) fromthe MIDI OUT connector of
the RD-70 to the MIDI IN connector of the external sound module (or to the
MIDI INconnector of thedatasourceitself if it has abuilt-insoundsource).
*TheRD-70 stores MIDI messages withthe"direct todisk" recordingmethod.
Beforestartingtorecord, prepareafloppy disk (3.5", 2DDor 3.5", HD) for use
(ie. formatted, with the tab in the upper right hand corner in the closed
position) andinsert it intothediskdrive(seeFloppy-Disks 5.2).
*To actuate record mode, while holding the REC button press PAUSE (the
relative LEDs will light up). The RD-70 can be set on standby for recording in
twodifferent ways:
1) AUTOMATIC METHOD: recording is carried out automatically as soon as a
MIDI code is sent to the MIDI IN connector fromthe connected data source.
(seesection6.3SYNCRONIZATION)
2) MANUAL METHOD: recordingis performedmanually by pressingagain the
PAUSE buttons, even if no data has yet been sent by the connected data
source.
* Press STOP tostoprecording.
AC ADAPTOR
5 PIN CABLE
MIDI IN
MIDI IN
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI OUT
MIDI OUT
REC START
DATA SOURCE
DATA
SOURCE
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
MIDI IN
RD-70
RD-70
SOUND MODULE
RD-70
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
220V/AC
4.1Preliminary Operations
4.2Recording a Song
RECORDING
* Data storage is carried out completely automatically DURING actual
recording. This is the fundamental characteristic of the "direct to disk"
read/writesystemused by theRD-70 which uses thedisk directly as thedata
loadingandunloadingunit sinceit does not havebuffer memorybanks (RAM).
* The RD-70 also organizes the recognition of songs on the disk, assigning
automatic progressivenumberingtothem: eachsongis identifiedbyanumber
higher thanthat of thelast songidentifiedonthedisk.
* As the RD-70 has been designed to essentially read recorded songs, it does
not have any specific functions for correcting material stored on the disk.
Therefore, if there are performance errors the only way to correct themis by
repeating the whole recording procedure after deleting the whole song. See
FLOPPY-DISK 5.3for thedeletefunction.
4.3Storing
4.4Recording Errors
RECORDING
FLOPPY-DISKS
5
* The RD-70 uses 3.5" double-sided double-density (2DD) and high density
(HD) floppydisks.
* 100% reading compatibility is guaranteed for floppy disks formatted in an
MS-DOS enviroment
* As this format can be read by the majority of sequencers and computers
avaibleonthemarket, easyaccess toahugelibraryof ready-preparedsongs is
possible.
* If you have a problems reading a song, which is however in standard
MIDIFILEformat, proceedas follows
1) Preparea720 Kb or 1.44 Mb disk for writing (initialization) on acomputer
whichuses theMS-DOS operatingsystemor ontheRD-70itself
2) Store the song in MIDIFILE format (* .MID extension) received from any
computer or sequencer withsoftwarecapableof handling this format (ATARI
ST, APPLE MAC II, LC etc. with PC-Utilities., compatible systems MS-DOS,
ROLANDMCseries withMRMconversion' s software, etc.) onthedisk.
3) Insert thedisk containingthesonginto thedisk driveof theRD-70 andwait
* The RD-70 player is able to prepare blank disks for writing using a MS-DOS
format.
* Onlyusegoodqualitydisks intheformat allowed.
* Toinitializethedisks proceedas follows:
1) Closethetabintheupper right handcorner of thedisk.
2) Insert the disk into the disk drive while holding ERASE button (the display
will ask"Sur" - "Areyousure?" )
3) ConfirmbypressingREC.
The initialization procedure will be scanned on the display, showing the
number of the disk track currently being formatted (from 1 to 80). When
initialization has been completed "Nos" ("No song" or "Disk Blank) will be
displayedtoconfirmthat theoprationhas beencarriedout.
At this point thediskis readyfor writing.
* You may need to format a disk that has already been used by the RD-70 or
another machine, or that is not blank in any case. Use the same procedure as
for ablankdisks
5.1Disk Format
5.2Initialization
FLOPPY-DISKS
* Tocopyasongfromonedisktoanother proceedas follows:
1) In stop position, insert the copy source disk containing the song to be
copied into the disk drive (for safety, protect the disk against overwriting by
movingthetabintheupper right handcorner totheopenposition).
2) Select the number of the song to be copied using the SONG < and >
buttons.
3) While holding REC, press ENTER (the display will ask "Sur" ("Are you
sure?").
4) Press REC to confirm (the display will request "dSt" - "copy destination
disk".
5) Remove the copy source disk by pressing EJ ECT (see front panel diagram)
and insert the copy destination disk (with the tab in the upper right hand
corner intheclosedposition).
When the copy has been made the number of the copied song will be
displayed.
N.B. If a large amount of data has to be copied, the RD-70 may request the
copy sourcedisk anumber of times. Inthis case, thedisplay will request "Src"
(copy source disk). The source and destination disks must be inserted one
after the other the number of times requested by the machine with the "Src"
and"dSt" requests.
* Tocopyawholediskontoanother , proceedas follows:
1) Insert the copy source disk into the disk drive (for safety, protect the disk
against overwriting by moving the tab in the upper right hand corner to the
openposition).
2) While holding REC, press REPEAT (the display will ask "Sur" ("Are you
sure?").
3) Press REC to confirm (the display will request "dSt" - "copy destination
disk".
4) Remove the copy source disk by pressing EJ ECT (see front panel diagram)
and insert the copy destination disk (with the tab in the upper right hand
corner intheclosedposition).
The copy will be made in sections and the RD-70 will ask for the copy source
disk and then the copy destination disk a number of times. The display will
request "dSt" (copy destination disk) every so often, and then "Src" (copy
sourcedisk) andthetwodisks must beswappedas requested.
* Todeleteasongfromthedisk, proceedas follows:
1) Select thesongtobedeletedusingtheSONG< and> buttons.
2) WhileholdingREC, press ERASEthenRECagain.
* This operationrequiredthediskenabledfor thewritingoperation.
5.3Copying a Song
5.4 Copying a Whole Disk
5.5Deleting a Song
FLOPPY-DISKS
* Todeleteall of thesongs onadisk, proceedas follows:
1) Insert thedisktobedeleted.
2) WhileholdingPAUSE, press ERASEthenREC.
At theendof theoperationall thesongs onthediskwill bedeleted.
* To enable or disable the protection of an individual song on a disk, against
accidental deletionproceedas follows:
1) WhileholdingERASEalsopress SONG<.
2) Run through the song numbers until you reach the one that you want to
protect and then release the keys (the display will show "Pr" - "protect"
precededbyS (SongProtected) or N(NoProtected).
3) Changeprotectionstatus withtheREWandFF buttons.
4) Press RECtoconfirm.
5) Press STOP toexit this function.
* To protect all of the songs on a disk against accidental deletion all at once,
proceedas follows:
1) WhileholdingERASE, alsopress FF.
2) Thedisplaywill show "Run", "operationinprogress".
At theendof theoperation, all thesongs onthediskwill beprotected.
* If total protection of all songs (see 5.8) has been performed on a disk, this
canberemovedas follows:
1) WhileholdingERASE, alsopress REW.
2) Thedisplaywill show "Run" - "operationinprogress".
At the end of the operation, protection of all the songs on the disk will have
beenremoved.
5.6Deleting a Whole Disk
5.7The protection of a song
5.8Protecting All Songs
5.9Removing Protection fromAll Songs
FLOPPY-DISKS
* To see how much space is occupied by a song on the disk, proceed as
follows:
1) Stopthereproductionandselect thesongwiththeSONG< and> buttons.
2) WhileholdingERASE, press theSONG> button.
Thedisplaywill givethevalueinKBytes.
* Tofindout how muchspaceis still availableonthedisk, proceedas follows:
WhileholdingERASE, alsopress RANDOM.
Thedisplaywill givethevalueinKBytes.
5.10Occupied Disk Space
5.11Free Disk Space
FLOPPY-DISKS
MIDI FUNCTIONS
6
* This function enables the RD-70 to correctly resume playback from the
middleof asong.
* The function works by intercepting any PROGRAM CHANGES, CONTROL
CHANGES, etc. that may have been skipped by starting playback at a later
stageof thesong.
* If messages of this kind have been skipped, they will immediately be re-
transmittedtoensurecorrect playbackpitchanddynamics.
* Toturnthis functiononor off:
1) Press ENTERandFF.
2) Select ON/OFF bypressingREWor FF.
3) Press ENTERtoconfirm.
* This function enables the RD-70 to synchronize with any MIDI device
capableof receiving/transmittingMIDI CLOCK signals.
* WhileholdingENTERbuttonpress TEMPO<. Now wehavefour options can
beselectedwithREWandFF buttons:
1) "Aut" (automatic): theRD-70 will normally useits owninternal clock, but if
it receives MIDI START and MIDI CLOCK messages from an external MIDI
deviceit will automaticallysynchronizewiththem.
2) "int" (internal): the RD-70 will only use its own internal clock. External
synchronizationmessages will beignored.
3) "in" (MIDI): the RD-70 will use only the MIDI CLOCK signal received at the
MIDI INport.
4) "rEt" (remote): the RD-70 will use its own internal clock, but START and
STOP canbecontrolledfromanexternal MIDI device.
* Press ENTERtoconfirmor STOP tocancel
* The SOFT THRU function transforms the MIDI OUT connector into a MIDI
OUT/THRU connector so that, as well as transmitting data generated by the
RD-70, it canalsore-transmit messages fromanexternal MIDI devicereceived
at MIDI IN.
* This functioncanbeextremely useful incertaincases as it allows theRD-70
to be incorporated into complex MIDI systems, while in others it may cause
problems as in certain types of connection it can produce "data loops" which
createerrors inthemachine' s control of theMIDI code.
For this reasonthefunctioncanbeturnedoff as follows:
1) WhileholdingENTER, press SONG< (current status of thefunctionwill be
displayed- ON/OFF).
2) Changestatus bypressingFF or REW.
3) Press ENTERtoconfirm.
6.1MIDI UPDATE Function
6.1MIDI UPDATE Function
6.3Synchronization
6.2SOFT THRU Function
MIDI
* This function determines the resolution to be used to record incoming MIDI
messages.
* TheRD-70 TIMEBASEis usuallyset to96, but avalueof 240 canbeselected
if desired.
* Thefollowing tableindicates thecompatibility of thetwo values in relation
totheresolutionof thesongs toberecorded: :
* Toset theTIMEBASE, proceedas follows:
1) WhileholdingENTER, press REC(thecurrent valuewill bedisplayed).
2) ChangethevalueusingREWandFF.
3) Press ENTERtoconfirm.
* This MIDI message enables the units forming the system to "sense
connection" withoneanother.
* Although almost all modern instruments can handle these messages, some
older ones do not interpret the code correctly: in this case, it is advisable to
disableproductionof this messageas follows:
1) WhileholdingENTER, press SONG> (current status of thefunctionwill be
displayed- ON/OFF).
2) Changethestatus bypressingREWor FF.
3) Press ENTERtoconfirm.
6.4TIME BASE Selection
6.5ACTIVE SENSING Function
MIDI
Other Units RD-70
192 24, 48, 96, 192, 384
240 30, 60, 120, 240, 480
* The RD-70 can store a set of MIDI exclusive system MIDI messages. The
maximumsizeof themessages is about 890Kbytes
* The messages, which will contain set-up data for the devices connected,
canbestoredby theRD-70 andassignedto theSONG< and> andTEMPO<
and> buttons.
* We will consequently have four exclusive message strings at our disposal,
which can be accessed at any time and easily transmitted to the connected
machines
* Proceedas follows :
1) Send thestring of datato bestored to theMIDI-IN connector of theRD-70,
recordingit as thoughit wereanormal song.
2) Select thesongthat has just beenrecordedwiththesong< and> buttons
3) WhileholdingSTOP, press ENTERandoneof theTEMPOor SONG buttons (
wherethestringis tobestored). Thedisplayask' Sur' ( "Areyousure?" ).
4) Press RECtoconfirm.
* If themessage"PFL" appears whenyoutry to confirm, it means that youare
tryingtostoretoomuchdata.
Reducethequantity andrepeat theoprations.
* Storeddatacanbetransmittedas follows:
1) In stop status, hold the STOP button and press the button where the
exclusive systemdata that you want to transmit has been saved ( the display
ask' Sur' , "Areyousure? ")
2) Press RECtoconfirmor STOP tocancel operation.
* If the' NPC' ( "No PaCket" ) error is displayed, it means that no datahas been
assignedtothat button
* It is also possibleto automatically transmit aMidi Packet every timethat the
machineis turnedon
1) Instopstatus, holdtheENTERbuttonandpress REW.
2) UsetheREWandFF buttons toselect thestoragelocationwheretheRD-70
must searchfor thedatatobetransmittedconsideringthat:
SONG< is locationPc1
SONG> is locationPc2
TEMPO< is locationPc3
TEMPO> is locationPc4
OFF = automatic transmissionfunctiondisabled
3) Press ENTER to confirmthe function that is to be automatically performed
thenext timethat theRD- 70is turnedon.
* To clear one of the four exclusive systemstrings fromthe device' s memory,
proceedas follows :
1) Instopstatus, whileholdingSTOP and ERASE, press thebuttonwherethe
stringtobedeletedis stored
2) The display ask "Sur", "Are you sure?". Press REC to confirm or stop to
cancel.
6.6Exclusive System
7||no| Nce
MIDI
MESSAGGES
7
Hardware error
Disk error Eject disk
CPU halted
No song
ERROR MESSAGES
Cause of error:
The RD-70 hes detected a fault in its electronic components
Remedy:
Contact the technical assistence centre
Cause of error:
The RD-70 has detected errors during disk reading or writing
Remedy:
If the error is displayed as soon as the disk is inserted, it means that the machine
is unable to identify it. Check that you have inserted a Midifile disk. If it is a new
disk, check that it has been formatted.
If the error is displayed during playback or recording of one or more songs, it
means that you are using a disk with demage sectors that cannot be interpreted
by a Direct-to-Disk system.
In this case, transfer the contents of the disk onto a new disk using a computer
that can handle the MS-DOS data (also see section 5.1 of this manual) .
Cause of error:
The Floppy-Disk that you have inserted does not contain data.
Remedy:
This error normally appears to confirmthat formatting has been performed (blank
disk).
If the disk does contain files, they are not of the standard format read by the
machine (*.MID extension)
Format error
Disk protected
No Play song
Disk full
Cause of error:
You have tried to write or delete data on a protected disk
Remedy:
Close the tab in the top right hand corner of the disk
Cause of error:
The song selected cannot be played by the RD-70.
Remedy:
The identification parameters of the song that you have selected are incorrect or
have not been updated.
Take the software or instrument used to create the song and transfer the data
onto the RD-70 by MIDI .
Cause of error:
An error has been detected during the disk formatting procedure.
Remedy:
If the error appears as soon as the disk is inserted, check that it is not protected
against overwriting (tab in top right hand corner of floppy disk should be closed)
If the error appears while the tracks are being recorded, it means that the disk
that you are using is severely demaged and must be changed.
Cause of error:
The disk that you are using does not have enough space to store any more
data.
Remedy:
Insert a new formatted disk or delete files that are no longer needed.
Go back to the beginning of the operation underway when the error appeared
Source and destination disk are equal
No clock selected
No Disk
MIDI buffer overflow MIDI buffer full
Cause of error:
A disk must be inserted in order to proceed with the operation.
Remedy:
Insert adiskinthedrive.
If theerror appears whenadiskis alreadyinthedrive, checkthat it
has beeninsertedcorrectly.
Cause of error:
During the copying operation, the RD-70 has detected that the source disk and
destination disk are identical.
Remedy:
Change the destination disk and repeat the operation.
Cause of error:
There is an overflow of incoming MIDI data at the MIDI-IN port of the RD-70.
Remedy:
Reduce the amount of data being sent to the RD-70 or send the messages at a
Cause of error:
The internal clock of the RD-70 has been disabled and there is no icoming
MIDI-CLOCK message at the MIDI-IN port.
Remedy:
Check that the MIDI line is efficent and make sure that the machine connected
to the MIDI-IN port of RD-70 is actually transmitting the MIDI-CLOCK
message. Alternatively, reset the RD-70's internal clock (see section 6.3 of
this manual).
Packet overflow
No packet transmitted
Cause of error:
You have tried to save an exclusive systemstring that is too large for the
machine's storage capacity.
Remedy:
Reducethesizeof thestringandperformthestorageprocedureagain.
Cause of error::
You have tried to transmit the contents of a memory location (MIDI-Packet) that
is empty (see section 6.6 of the manual)
Remedy:
Check that you have selected the right memory location.
Repeat the exclusive-string storage procedure if necessary.
OTHER MESSAGGES
Time base setting at 96 bpm
Are you sure?
Midi Packet nr. 1 selected
Midi Packet nr. 2 selected
Midi Packet nr. 3 selected
Midi Packet nr. 4 selected
Time base setting at 120 bpm
Time base setting 192 bpm
Time Base setting at 240 bpm
Song protection off
Song protection on
End of song reached
External Clock selected
Insert destination disk
Insert source disk
Automatic MIDI Clock slected
Internal Clock selected
Remote Clock Selected
External MIDI Clock selected
Unit working
Operation interrupted by user
Format unused disk
Format used disk
Copy selected song
Copy all songs
Display protection status
Select ON/OFF status
Store
Assign total protection
Remove total protection
Occupied disk space
Free disk space
Delete selected song
Delete all songs
Reset
Display song number
Display total number of songs
Display tempo
Reset original tempo
Display beat number
Total number of beats in song
Start of song
CHAIN programming
Select song for CHAIN
Store CHAIN
Exit CHAIN programming
Delete CHAIN in memory
In SINGLE mode:
Block programming
Select start of block
Store start of block
Select end of block
Store end of block
Start or end of block
Clear block memory
= ERASE + STANBY
= SONG < o >
= ERASE +TEMPO >
= TEMPO < + TEMPO >
= ERASE + TEMPO <
= REW + FF
= STOP + FF
= STOP + REW
= ENTER + PROGRAM
= SONG < and SONG >
= ENTER
= STOP
= ERASE + PROGRAM
= ENTER + REPEAT
= REW o FF
= ENTER
= REW o FF
= ENTER
= STOP + REPEAT
= ERASE + REPEAT
= Insert disk + ERASE
= Insert disk + ERASE
= REC + ENTER, REC
= REC + REPEAT, REC
= ERASE + SONG <
= FF o REW
= REC
= ERASE + FF
= ERASE + REW
= ERASE + SONG >
= ERASE + RANDOM
= REC + ERASE, REC
= PAUSE + ERASE, REC
Floppy Disk Operations
Utility Functions
QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
Assign file to SONG > button
Assign file to SONG < button
Assign file to TEMPO > button
Assign file to TEMPO < button
Store
Select file assigned to SONG >
Select file assigned to SONG <
Select file assigned to TEMPO >
Select file assigned to TEMPO <
Confirm
Delete file assigned to SONG >
Delete file assigned to SONG <
Delete file assigned to TEMPO >
Delete file assigned to TEMPO <
Confirm
= STOP + ENTER + SONG >
= STOP + ENTER + SONG <
= STOP + ENTER + TEMPO >
= STOP + ENTER + TEMPO <
= REC
= STOP + SONG >
= STOP + SONG <
= STOP + TEMPO >
= STOP + TEMPO <
= REC
= STOP + ERASE + SONG >
= STOP + ERASE + SONG <
= STOP + ERASE + TEMPO >
= STOP + ERASE + TEMPO <
= REC
Display current clock mode
Select clock mode
Display last clock out value
Select clock out mode
Store
Display SOFT THRU status
Display ACTIVE SENSING status
Display ALL NOTE OFF status
Display TIME BASE value
Display AUTOREW status
Display AUTOPLAY status
Display SONG INTERVAL TIME value
Display excl.syst. control setting
Display MIDI UPDATE status
Select ON/OFF or value
Store
Prepare to record
Start recording
Stop recording
= ENTER + TEMPO <
= REW or FF
= ENTER + TEMPO >
= REW or FF
= ENTER
= ENTER + SONG <
= ENTER + SONG >
= ENTER + RANDOM
= ENTER + REC
= ENTER + STOP
= ENTER + PLAY
= ENTER + PAUSE
= ENTER + REW
= ENTER + FF
= REW or FF
= ENTER
= PAUSE + REC
= PAUSE
= STOP
Exclusive SystemManagement
MIDI Functions
CAUTION! This product contains a lithium battery. There is danger of explosion if battery is
incorretly replaced. Replace only with a Maxell CR2032.
Replace only with the correct polarity. Discard used battery according to manufacters
instructions.
ADVARSEL! Lithiumbatteri Eksplosjonsfare. Vade utksifting benyttes kun batteri som anbefalt
av apparatfabrikanten. Brukt batteri returneres apparatleverandren.
ADVARSEL! Lithiumbatteri - Eksplosjonsfare ved fejlagtig hndtering. Udskiftning m kun ske
med batteri av samme fabrikat og type. Levr det brugte batteri tilbage til leverandren.
VAROITUS! Paristo voi rfht, jos se on virheellisesti asennettu. Vaihda paristo ainoastaan
laitevalmistajan suosittelemaan tyyppin. Hvit kytetty paristovalmistajan ohjeiden mukaisesti.
WARNING! Explosionsfar vid felaktigt batteribyte. Anvd samma batterityp eller en ekvivalent
typ som rekommendars av apparatillverkaren. Kassera anvnt batteri enlight fabrikantens
istructions.
The information contained in this manual is subject to change at any time without notification.
Some information contained in this manual may also be inaccurate due to undocumented
changes in the product or operating system since this version of the manual was completed.
The information contained in this version of the owners manual supercedes all previous version.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital Device, persuant to Part 15 if the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment
generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction, may cause harmful interference to radio comunications.
However, there is no guarantee that the interference will not occur in a particular installation. If
this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determinated by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encuraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
- Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver
is connected.
- Consult the dealer or an experienced Radio/Tv technician for help.
The user is cautioned that any changes or modification not expressly approved by the party
responsable for compliance could void the users authority opearate the equipment.
Sales Division: Via Belvedere Fogliense 8, I-47836 Mondaino (RN) Italy
tel.+39-0541-981700 - fax +39-0541-869605 -
e-mail: viscount@omniway.sm - Internet: www.viscount-organs.com - www.viscount.it
Distribution for Italy: TITAN MUSIC S.A.
Strada Genghe di Atto, 80 - 47031 Acquaviva Repubblica di San Marino
tel.0549-999164 - fax 0549-999490
e-mail: viscount@omniway.sm - Internet: www.viscount-organs.com - www.viscount.it