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CHETNIKS IN THE FIRST BALKAN WAR 1912


Summary:
The Serbian revolutionary chetnik organization existed south of Sara Mountain
and Kacanik, and in the Presevo region until 1908, and then it went dormant after
the Yung Turk Revolution. The Serbian diplomacy had been slowly rebuilding the
organization since 1911 in these regions, as well as in Raska and Polimlje, in the

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expectation of the Serbian-Turkish war. In Kosovo, they resorted to establishing


connections with the Arbanas (Albanian) leaders, bribing them.
On the eve of the First Balkan War, the dormant chetnik brigades were sent to
Raska and Polimlje, as well as in the kazas of Presevo, Kumanovo, Veles, and Kicevo,
while in Kosovo, about 900 chetniks, organized in 5 brigades, were sent in front of
the army, with the task to cross over into Turkey. The chetnik units had a task to
penetrate the Turkish rear lines, perform diversions, and eliminate smaller Turkish
units and Arbanas gangs, thus ensuring faster advancing of Serbian troops, which was
essential for the victory. In Raska, Polimlje, and the kazas of Presevo and Kumanovo,
the chetnik units completely met the expectations, while in Kosovo they got stuck,
fighting on the borders.
The secondary role of the chetniks, as advance guards sent before the regular
army units, was performed successfully everywhere, and they entered as liberators
to Pristina, Novi Pazar, Priboj, Nova Varos, Mitrovica, Sveti Nikola, Veles, Prilep,
Monastir, Resan, Ohrid, Florina, and Elbasan before the army did. Disarming of the
Arbanas also went well and without much resistance.