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MALAYALAM READER
Standard - 12

MALAYALAM READER

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TAMILNADU
TEXTBOOK CORPORATION

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MALAYALAM READER
( Poetry, Prose & Non-detailed)

LSccV XII
STANDARD XII

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TAMILNADU
TEXTBOOK CORPORATION

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Government of Tamilnadu
First Edition - 2005

Chairperson
Dr.C.G.Rajendra Babu,
Prof. & Head, Dept. of Malayalam,
University of Madras,
Chennai- 600 005.

Reviewers
Dr.E.K.Purushothaman,
Prof. of Malayalam (Rtd.)
16, Kumar Avenue, Varadaraja Street,
Chitlapakkam, Chennai - 600 064.

Mr. V.N. Krishna Pillai


PG Asst. in Malayalam,
TCK Hr. Sec. School,
Padanthalumood,
K.K. Dist.

Authors
Mr.T.P.Viswanathan Nambiar
PG Asst. in Malayalam
Madras Christian College HS School,
Chetpet, Chennai 600 031.
Dr.K.Raveendra Raja
PG Asst. in Malayalam
Presidency Higher Sec.School for Girls
Egmore, Chennai - 600 008.
Mrs.A.C. Suhasini
PG Asst. in Malayalam
Kerala Vidyalayam Hr. Sec. School,
Chennai - 600 084.

This book has been prepared by The Directorate of School


Education on behalf of the Government of Tamilnadu
This book has been printed on 60 G.S.M. Paper.

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60

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68

69

f|-qORa Cf]-zL-y
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70

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k]}aV KqO ku-RLsO SkLRs Bp]-O-RO WLeLU. KqL krfV, kO-W


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76

4. DO yf|L-NYzU
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77

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79

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80

81

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7. RW]-a-Nk-fLkU
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CO f]qO-vj
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106

h-z]-p] SkLWLjOU oe]-P-rO-W of]. Af]-jO v]oL-j-\LV


RWLaO-L KqO oOr]-O-q-p]aU f}Rr-uO-f]-RL-aO--e-RoO oLNfU.
ASL "k-qL--oLp]'& AfL-pfV y-L-q]SjL RkLfO-^-j-]SjL
Sv]Sp& ARj SkLWL kP.
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j]-O KqO \]Nf-oOV. ` SkLWO vu]-pORa v] oSjLz-q-oLp KqO KLa] RW]aU DpO vO. KLa] RW]-a- AV
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Af]Ss SkLp-SL SjqU y|-pL-p]-qOO. B v}aV CqO-] oOuOW]
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kOq ke]-p]-\v
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Rj-O-qpOU oO j]q-vi] RW]-a
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107

De-O-fV. fr-vLO y~]R KqO nLYU oLNfU RRWvwU DL-p]qOO. R\r]p v}aO-W-t] fLo-y]-\]-qO--vV WPaO-f oj:y~L|vOU yOn]--fpOU W]]. CT AjO-n-v- IR zQh-p-]R
Bu-] hQd-oLp KqO v]w~L-y-oO-L]. vs]p v}aO-W-t] Nno]-qOfV. vs]p v}] fLo-y]-\O hOn]--q]-SpL D-o-oL-pfV
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nLY|-]jV `-tORa fr-vL-O-v}aOU NkiL-jR
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KLaO-So-v
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fr-vLaV v}f]-R
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W]]p kOq-p]-a--t]Rs KLs IqO-] SopO--f]jO of]-pL-v]s.
k]Ss IO RWOU oS-ROU or]-S\R
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fRt AfO-vRq SqLi]\O j]rO-]p B kOq-W-tORa So-P-q-WRt
SvjsOU v-xvOU oLr] oLr] BNW-o]\V ^}-]-]\O oSLaO oL]-}O. AO RWLV RkLt]\O v]-L KqO-R-]s. BWL-pL yUq-]\O j]rO-LjOU Wu]-]s. "mO-]-kPvU' KO oLNfU
R\pVfO SkLO. CaOU fsOU KLSqL WuO-SL vs]-R\a- OV Rv]}r] AaO-] RvOU. RvrORf Nhv]\O SkLWLRf v]r-WL-Rp-]sOU
AfO NkSpL-^j
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fLjOU nLq|pOU I-o]-sL otOU Av RkO RkqO-O otOU


IsLU S\ fR "WO-aOUmU' B\-N-fL-qSo yf] NkSv-wSo KqOo]\O Wu]-pL SkLWO-Wp
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108

109

qLp] j}O-Wp
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jp-]R ls-oLp] vLpVk vLO-f
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110

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111

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BWLwU fOt\O Wp-rO nq-e-k--]R (Administrative wing)
oz]o WOr-pV-L Wu]-pOSoL?
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116

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W-pLeV vLpO-o--s-]R KqO NkiL-j-W-v|U. yPq|-j] j]O


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118

119

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- jaO-OV. jLa-W-WQ-]R vq]-W Aq-]-sPRa ja}-j-a-L An]-jp]\O WLe]-W-t]-Rs-]-O jLa-W-oLeV Aa]-L-j-k-q-oLp] \s-\]Nf-]-sL-S-fV. WLe]-Wt
- ORa v}-eS- WL-e]-sPRa oLNfU W|Lor AfV
kW-e
- R
- o-]s. ]q-oLp] j]sV
- O Aq-]-SLsOU W|Lo-rp
- ORapOU Rs-y]-RpOU \s-j- RWLV Aq-]R v|LkV-f]pOU
yL|-fpOU v-]-]-L Wu]pOU.
f]q-}-s-p]Rs jLa-W- \s-\]-Nf-oL-|-o-]R SqX-R-aO-OvL-jO Wu]vO oLNf-oL-eO-k-SpL-Y]-O-fV. Av-f-qe yo-pO
oLNfU BpO-O jLa-WR vqOU fs-oO-rp
-
V O Sv] yP]\O vpVL \s-\] N- f-]-sL-R
- jLa-W
- ]jO Wu]-pOO. CqU \s-\] Nf-Rt KqO NkSf|W v]nL-Yo
- Lp] Ku]\O j]-]-p]O SveU y]j]-opOU
jLa-WvOU f]-sO Aa]-L-j-k-q-oLp yL^L-f|-RRv-^L-f|--Rt-]
\]]-S-fV.
129

\s-\] N- fvOU jLa-WvOU f]-sO NkLg-o]W v|f|LyU, KV SqXR-aO-O WspOU oRLV NkW-a-j-W-s-pO-oL-Re--fLeV. Aq-]
ja-jLeV y-vL-i]-WLq]; \s-\]-Nf-] yUv]-iL-p-WjOU. \s-\]-Nf] ja yUv]-iL-pW
- R ks Dk-Wq- e
-
- t
- ] KO oLNf-oLeV. Aq] ja SNk-W-jO-oLp] Sjq]O yUv-h]-OO. \s-\]-Nf-]-sLWR, hQw|&Lv| m]Um-t
- ORa NWo-oLp \]-R-aO-s
- ]-sPRa WLe]WV AU oj-]-sL-]-RL-aO-O-Wp
- LeV yUv]-iL-pW
- .
jLa-W
- ] ja-SjL-RaLU fR yUnL-xe
-
- OU NkLiL-j|oOV. BX|L-j-]jOU hQw|-yL-|-f-WOU DT jO--f]-jL
\s-\] N- f-] yUnL-xe
-
- O vs]p Lj-o]s. yUnL-xe
-
- t
- ]sLRf fR y]j]o qPk-R-aO-O-vL Wu]pOU. IL yUnL-xe
- -t]-sL KqO jLaWU joOO v]nL-vj R\LSj Bv]s.
jLaWU KqO j]]f s-WL-s-] Ai]-xV-b]-f-oLeV. IL
\s-\] N- f-]Rs WLsU Aj]-pf
- o
- LeV. jLa-W
- ]Rs yUn-vv
- ]-WL-y
- tORa vt-\p
-
V V WLs-kq- ]-i]-pOV. s-WL-s
- Rt Snh]-L-jO kq}-e- jLa-W-] ja-]-O-R-]sOU y]j]-o-pORa yL|-f-W-tOoLp] f]\O SjLO-SL CfO fOSsLU kq]-o]-f-oL-Re-O WLeL-vO-Sf-pOP.
KqO jLaWU fR v]v]i Aq-O-Wt
- ] ASjWU fve Av-fq- ]]-L-rOV. KqO NkSf|W jLaW WQf]Rp Av-sU-m]-O-R
- fL-u]-\L
KLSqL jLa-WvOU v|f|-o
- LeV. B WQf]-pORa fR v|f| v|LX|Lj-t- Lp] AvRp We-LLU. kS, \s-\] NfU oL-R
- tL-O-o]-sL
kP-f NkLk]\ KqO WsL-yQ-]-pLeV. kL--sR yUm-]\
Aa]-L-jk
- q- o
- Lp v|f|L-y
- tOU qO oL|-o
- tOU kOs-O-OV.
jLa-W
- ] yP\-jW
- RWLO oLNf-oLeV kL-s yUv]-iLjU jaO-fV. Af]-jL Af]jV pLgL| Nkf}f]-p]s. y]j]-o-p]-sL-WR
JfO kL--svOU pLgL-|-oL-p]-R Av-f-q]-]-L Wu]pOO.
130

WLe]-WtOU jajOU f]-sO AWsU WOr-O-vL-jO ks kq}-e-tOU jLa-W


- ] ja-]-p]-OV. BSL-e] A-fL-c]R "NWPq-f-pORa AqOU', RNmzV-]R "I-]WV f]Sp-rOU' CT h]w-p]-sO
qO kq}--e--tLeV. jLaW qUYR CT kq}--e- SkLsOU
y]j]-op
- ] j]OU NkS\L-hj
- o
- O-RL-f
- L-Re-f
- LeV vLvU. "Za-jL-k-q-oLp yoL-jf WLqeU y]j]-opOU jLa-WvOU oO WsL-qP-k-Rt-L kq-yk
-V q- m
-
-
- ]-Ss-R-aO-OV. qOU f]-sO yoL-qf jLa-W
- ]R hOq-
- ] WsL-w]-O-vL-jO IsL yL|-fp
- O-oOL-]-p]-qOO. IL AO-fR
- oO kr-pR, \s-\] NfU WqO-L]-\-SfL-RaLU fR kOf]p DT--SLRa jLaWU y]j]-o-pO-p]p RvsOv
- ]-t]-WRt i}q-oLp] Sjq]O.''& R^p]UyV RoLeLSL \P]L-e]-OO.
SNk-WRj j]o--jL-L-jO Wu]-v]R Aa]-L-j-] jLaWvOU y]j]-opOU v}OU Sv-k]-q]-pOO. KqO jLaWU WLeO-vL-j]-q]O-SL joOO \OO-oO WLq|--Rt-O-r]\O jLU SmLi-vL-LqLeV. AqV, ja}-j-a-L, Av-qORa vyV-NfL-s-LqU, NkWLw yUv]iLjU, W-, yUnL-xe
-
- , jORa kq]-yq-
- O WLe]-W, ySvL-kq] jLU fR jORa SmLi-o--s-] yS\-f-j-oLp] j]rpOO. kS, y]j]o SNk-WRj yUm-]-\] a- S- LtU KqO kOf]p
AjO-n-v-oLeV. jLU KqO y]j]oL f]Sp--r]-sL-ReOU joOO \OOU
WLe]-W-tO-ROU WORr yo-p-SV jLU or-OO. f]q-}-s-p]Rs
WgL-kL-Nf-t
- O-oLp] jLU vtRq SvYU fLhL|U NkLk]-OO. AfORWLO fR-pLeV jLU y~pU orO \]q]-O-fOU jORa WOW CTr-je
- ]-pO-fOU f]Sp-r
- ] j]OU kOrO vqO-SL WORr
yo-pS- V jLU kOf]p ojO-x|-qLp] oLrO-fOU.
IsL Ws-Wt
- ]sOU Rv\V JvOU AoP-o
- LeV yUY}fU. y]j]-opVS- -vOU AaOU yUY}-fS- L-aL-ReO kr-pR
- -aOO. By~L-hW
- j]-SsV Sjq]O yUv-h]-L qO WsL-qP-k
- OU Wu]-pOO I131

fLeV Cf]jO WLqeU. WLs- ]jV j]w]- f vOU pgL- - v O- o Lp


NkLiLj|U yUY}-f-]-sOV. WLs-]-jO-So Af]-jO j]p-NeU
AkL-q-oLeV. ""y~-q-oL-iOq|U yUY}-f-]R BX|L-j-nL-v-oL-Re-]
fLtU Af]R WLs-yP-\W
- o
- LeV. y~RRqW|U Cf]-R q]-RpOU SotjvOU. \s-\] N- fvOU CSf yL|-fp
- ]-SsO v]q \POO. \s-\] Nf-]R pLN]W yL|f WLs-]-S-sO j]p-N-e-]-sPRa
BX|Lj y~nL-vR
- pOU j]p-N]-OO. RNlp]-oO-Wt
- ] K]jO So
KLp] yUn-v
- R
- tpOU hQw|-R
- tpOU v]qO-o
- Lp] S\O vpV
- LjL-vOO''&R^-p]UyV RoLeLSL v]w-h}-Wq- ]-OO. yUY}-fvOU y]j]opOU WLs-]R AoP m]O-v] K]\O S\qOO. qOU SNkW-j]-SsOU SNwLfL-v]-SsOU Sjq]O fR WaO R\sOO IV
RoLeL-SL-v]R NkL-vj
- pOU wq] vpV
- OO.
\s-\] Nf Ws-pORa yo-NY-fp
-
V V yUY}fU CV Kq-j]-vLq| Za-WoL-p]-}-]-OV. j]m y]j]-oW
- t
- ]-SLsOU yUY}-f
- ]R yL|f-W vt-Rq-SpRr Bp]-qOO. hQw|-m]U-m
- O kOf]p A-f
- s- RRWv-qO-O-vL yUY}-f
- ]jO Wu]pOU. "mL-]-x]V SkLRUW]' (1925) I \]Nf- ]jO Sv] IcV - o V o}y j]p
yUY}fU C-qO-e
- ] S-po
- LeV.

yUY}fU Dk-SpL-Y]LU. "SkL-O-Rv-p]' I \]Nf-] Aq-v]-


"wO-nk
-
- O-vq- Lt]' qUYU Dk-SpL-Y]-\] q- ]-O-fO ]-OW. \]s-SL
KqO y~LnL-v]W wm-]jO kW-q-oL-p]-q]LU yUY}-f-]R KqO
WxeU \s-\]-Nf-WL-q y~}W-q]-OW. "I-s]--Lp'] Is]Rp
oO]-RL-sL RWLO-SkL-WO-SL AaP SYLkL-sW
- Q-xe
-V Dk-SpLY]-\]-q]-O yUY}fU qUY-]R f}Nvf kf]--a-Lp] v-]-]OO.
\s-\] N- f-] js MLpL-NY-ze
- vOU js An]-jp
- vOU js wmSs-Xj
- v
- O-Ro SkLRs fR js yUY}-fvOU ]-R
- -aOO. y]j]o-pORa DS-w|-R-] SmLi-oO yUY}-f-q-\-p]-fL-v]jV ks-SLuOU
Af]R hT-m-s|--RtpOU yUY}fU RWLV kq]-z-q]-L Wu]pOU.
\s-\]-Nf-WL-qR S\Lh-j-W-tO-oLpOU qUY-]R AkP-v-f-W-tO-oLpOU
fLhL|U NkLk]-L Wu]-pO yUY}-fW
- L-qjO oLNfSo js yUY}fU
kW-qL-jLvP.

yUY}-f
- ]R yL|-fW
- Rt y]j]-op
- ] hOqO-kS- pL-YR
- -aO-L-rOoOV. hQw|-m]-U-m-V DS-w]\ w] RRWv-qO-]-Rs-] B
v]avV j]W-O-vLjOU SNk-WR k]a]\O j]-O--f]jOU
yUY}fU Dk-SpL-Y]-L-rOV. CfV BSqL-Y|-Wq- o
- Lp q}f]-ps. k]e]
YLj-tOU kL-s yUY}-fvOU \s-\] N- f-]-R Kq-v]-nL^| Za-WoL-p]-}-f
- ]R k]]Rs WLq-evOU oRL-s.
vtRq w-oLp yUY}fU Dk-SpL-Y]-O INfSpL \s-\]-NfWL-q-L-qOV. KqO y~}W~-y]R jLa-W}-pf v-]-]-O-vLjOU WgLkL-Nf--tORa A:yU-Z-x- Rvt]-vL-O-vLjOU yo--oLp]
132

133

(qO oPO NkLvw|U Bv- ]\ O vLp]- \ ] V )


SfvL..SfvL..

10. ym-of] hPRq-pLeV


^].w--q-]

Sfv:&

ISL RWL\N- LS|!

wL]:&

S? ISLL v]t]-\fV? (W-k-a-Shx|U) KO WPRa


krpP?

Sfv:&

(A-sV-k-RoLO kq]-Nn-o]\V) J oj-o-r]-pLV vSsLU


krO SkLSpL fNLS|! ASL!

wL]:&

CfL.. CfL.. CSLuOU. `L oOS kr-]-]Ss|?

Sfv:&

vp- orO SkLpfL fNLS|!

wL]:&

(vL-p]-R\a- O j]R-e}V SfvR AaOO R\V KqO


v]h|L-]Rp w]]-O Ai|L-kW
- R YTqvU ja]\)V
Cj]-So-sL fNLS| IO v]t]--qOfV. oj-]-sLSpL?
oj-]-sL-SpLV? Understand?

Sfv:&

(C-SL-uLeV Av-tORa WOyQ-f]-t] oj-]-sL-WO-fV. \]q]\]V) IR Ska]-]\O Wt-SsL RWL\N- L].

wL]:&

(W-O-qO-]-L-e]\V Sow-O-rO W]a rP-a] IaOO


RWLV) Cj] kr-L-sO-SsL. L! WL\]
- t
- pOU. (rP-t
WOsO-OO) Stand! Sit, Right turn, about turn, Stand
upon the bench! (WQNf] YTqvU SkLp] \]q]\O SkLWOO.
vp-jOU B \]q]-p] S\qOO).

Sfv:&

(\]-q]\O RWLV) IL RWL\N- L]! CRfsLU?

wL]:&

WSL WSL? `L krO.

Sfv: &

ku-W]p vw-SS jLO vtpP fNLS|!

[jL-aW
-
- ]R q\-jp
- ]sOU Av-fq- e
-
- ]sOU kq]-w}-sj
-
- ]sOU oOuOW] ^}v]\ ^].w-q- ] (1930&1989) Ai|L-kW
- , YSv-xW
- , yUZL-aW
- I} j]s-Wt
- ]sOU Wu]vO
NkW-a]-]-\] - O v|]-pLeV. os-pLt jLaW qUYO BSqL-Y|-Wq-
- t
- Lp \s-j
-
yQ]-O-vL AS-z
- ]jO Wu]-]-OV. Syzh- P-f, kP^L-oOr], m],n-qf
- v
- LW|U,
RkLpVo
- O-X
- , i-S- SNf WOqO-SSNf, ym-of] hPRq-pLeV fOa-]p ASjWU
WQf]-W AS-z
- ]-S-fLp] joOO sn]-\] - OV.
AS-z
- ]R "y-m-of] hPRq-pLeV' I R\rO-jL-aWU RvrO-]jOU o-q
- ]jOU
Syz
- ]jOU yz-Wq- e
-
- ]-jO-oLeV ^]v]-f
- ] LjU jsVS- W-R
- fO v|-oLOO.]

(W- Dp-qO-SL joOO hQw|-oL-WO-fV oLi-vR v}]Rs ft-oLeV.


Av-qORa AR vs]-RpLqO I-\L p \]NfU, Ws--ka-
- , oO
\]Nf- I]v \Ov-q]-sOV. KqO Aq]-W]-sLp] C]-O IuO-O-Sow-pORa kOrV JfLjOU kO-W-tOU W]\O Rv\ KqO rL
v]tOU WLeLU. wL] v]t-]-j-q]-W] CqOO kLb- vLp]-OW-pLeV. KqO RRzP v]h|L-]j], kLb-nL-Y
- DqO-v]O WLeLRf
kb]-O-W-pLeV.
AWRs oLr] rL-v]-t
- ]jOU NkWL-w]-]-O-jL-vL SWLe], frp], IRL-RSpL oOj-]-RLV Sfv Cq]-OO.)
wL]:& (KqO v]h|L] kOWU vLp]-O q}f]-p]) Why so jubilant? Sabarmathy is far off; Nowkhali is near. Why so jubilant...
134

135

wL]:&

Cj] CRj v]t]-\L A-jLRe! RRhv-]-jLRe!


IR yLr]-jLRe! `L yz]-
- ]s LzL!

Sfv:&

k]RL fNL] J v]t]-O-fV?

wL]:&

krO fqLU. AfL js WOO-Ra seU. (A-qU


j]rO] v|-oLp]) wL...wL...], wL], wL].

Sfv:&

ASL! RWL\N- LS|! Aa]-pR Wq]-L- a}sV kLL CaRs?

wL]:&

IL? IL SfvL?

Sfv:&

JjV v]t]-L W oV!

wL]:&

IL ARj v]t]-\L ? BWLwU Ca]O v}uOSoL?


nPo] k]tO kLfL-to
- L-WOSoL?

Sfv:&
wL]:&

JjV ka]--o]s, CT WuO-S-\OOU jLRL-SL-SqLaV


vLfL-aLjV.
ARL kr-pO-fO SW-eU. oLs CO ^}v]-\] q- O-R]Ss Sfv.. JSL v]t]-O-oL-p]-qOO?

(Sf-vR oOXU RkRV oOO. Av nPf-WL-s


- ]R j}-p
-
- ]RsSL oO]-
- O-Wp
- LeV. KO qO fO] WO-j} B o]u]-SLeO-WRt B-Nh-oL-OO. wL]OU fR foL-wW
- Av-yL-j]-]-e- R oO SfL]. Av Ak- q L- i - S mL- i - S LRa Sfv- j - a OO
R\sOO).
wL]:&

(yL-jO-WU) SfvL!

Sfv:&

(Y-hY
-V h
- M
- L-pp
- ]) KL!

wL]:&

` Svh-j]-]S\L?
136

Sfv:&

(yVk
-
- o
- Lp YhVY
- h
- S- LRa) CsN- LV, Cs. Cs. WOS!
J. v|Lq]\O SkLp] WOS! IR WVaL]! KSa-NL!
(RRW-W RWLO oOXU RkL] Wq-pOO.)

wL]:&

... (oO-k]-s-S-f]-Rj-L WqO-eL-Nh-oLp y~q-])


SfvL.. CfL.. fs Dp] SjLP..(Sf-vR W}
j]r oOXU RoRs Dp-qOO. qO j]o]xU Av kq-y-V
kqU SjLOO. Sfv RRW RWLO W}-RqL-OO).
SfvR oq]\ O SkLp oLs- p L- e ]- R f- S L- ]\ O
RWLL of]. SWSL! IR wL}V v]t]-\L sOU of].
SveO JjOU Ij]OU oRL-qL-tL-p]-qO-]s oLs. CT
v}]Rs Kq-UY-oL-p]-qOO.

Sfv:&

(v}OU WO j]rV) KSa-NL k]\O WtO!

wL]:&

Ka-pf
-
- O-qLRj joOOU k]LU. IR oLSsV v]t]\L of]. IV?

Sfv:&

kR-]sV...WOL!... oLSiLU fNL!

wL]:&

IL? RWLS\- ?

Sfv:&

B fNL KO SvrL. CT AaOSLU, v]t}- R oLOU


fNLV k]a]-Ps.

wL]:&

k]a]-L-v
- V k]a]-, I-R
- jL-L-qO-SL...Sfv-Rj-Rj Wu]O.

Sfv:&

ASL! ARfLqO WLsU WOSL!...IR BpOOU.. I


fNLR (\O-vq- ]-s]-q]-O \]Nf-] RfsO v]WL-qL-W-jLp] SjL]-p]V) Dp]-Rq-aO-U oLa-fN- L-j
- V v]t]\]q- O-R].... WOSL! I fNoLjOU oLSsU CsL CT
kPo}sV J Wu]-]-RL? (Rf-s]a j]-m-jLp] B
SsLW-] Wu]-pO-f
- O-SkLRs W-a\
- ] q- O-]V) kSsV...
137

I fNoL W-ap
-
V OU oOV v]t]\O krO ""SfvL''..
JjV WLeL v.. W]-RsLR KSq Rv-L-\] sV! I
v]t] SWV...KL! fNoL!....RRW-RWLV oLa] v]t]\.V .. I]V
R\Ls]...""SfvL...IR WLtV''... k]RLOU J
SW]s. WO RfLr-U oLvO RveV. (yVk
-
- o
- Lp] WqpOO.)

wL]:&

(kO--W-] j]OU fs Dp]) DU? IL Svf]U RWLS\- ?

Sfv:&

vp-SssV qLNf] RvU oOr]\O v]aL SkLSeLV krSfV.

wL]:&

oRL-SL-qORa vp-s}V jORa vp-s]-SsSL?

Sfv:&

L!

wL]:&

AU Av-qO-oLp] vu-O-L-W
- ]-Ss?

Sfv:&

R\s-U

wL]:&

(Y-hY
-V h
- S- LRa) SfvL! (A-vtOU Wq-pOO.)

Sfv:&

(Rf- s ] a Wu]O) JRjR WO]Rj Wq- p ]\ O !


WOSL!...WOO W}qV RfLa-p
V P.

wL]:&

wq]. IR wL}V v]t]-OSoL? wL}V? ARs]


oLSsV?

wL]:&

j]L-qW
- L-q|- WLqeU W]-OOU WP-pa- ]-RoLR
jaOU.

Sfv:&

WOSL! WO]R kVrLV!

Sfv:&

ARfL-fL..

wL]:&

wVwV! NkLSL!.. ARfLR RWLS\-jOU WP-OoL.


v]t]V. ILSs `L vLp]-L SkLWP. DU

wL]:&

ARL.. I]Sj Sfv SkLefV? Sfv-Rj-L fa]-o]aO-O-fO RWLS\- j


- Ss? RWLS\- SkLWR.

Sfv:&

(Ar-\r
- \)V wL...wL...wL].

Sfv:&

(\]-q]-\O R
- WLV) JV v. Cf]-RjLR S\uU kr-pLjV.
SfvjOU RWL\N- LjOU KO-SkLsL?

wL]:&

(\]-q]\)V Right Cj] oLs. DU.

wL]:&

Sfv:&

(WPRr-Pa] f]aO-] WPaOf v]WL-qL--W-jLp])


oLSs! oLSs! (ySLx yLk y]-o
- Lp nLv]
j]O-O. WO j]r-pO-O).

Sfv-Rj-RLV kO ke]V Sfv SkLWeU. RWL\NL-Rj-RLO kO ke]V RWL\N- LjOU.

Sfv:&

(C-f]-RjL-R IO orO-ka] kr-pL-jLeV I nLv-])


WOSL! WOO SkLp] kb]-\L R. DU.

wL]:&

(So- w - p V - - a O- S O SkLWO SkL]) Sfv


SvSeL] KO W]aSL...RWL-S\- vqL Cj}U fLoy]- O- o L- p ]- q ]OU. \]]- ]- q ]vOU jLO- W LSq|LU ^Lf]LSq|LU IsLU IsLo
- Lp] ja-O-Wp
- Ss|L.

Sfv:&

So, JjV RWa-. JR RWL\N- LV...

wL]:&

DU? (W-aO-]\O SjLOO)

wL]:&

wq], `Lj]j] AsVkU kb]\O WtpLU. Sfv SWSL-teU?


S? (So- w - p V - - a O- S O SkLWOO. v}OU vLp]OO.) Why so jubilant? Sabarmathy is far off. Nowkhali
is near (Bv-]-OO.)

Sfv:&

(A-f]-j]-a-p]) WOSL! IuL oLSiLU RWL\NL


vq-e-f]j]?
138

139

Sfv:&
wL]:&

JR RkLO-RLaU ka]-e
- fOU WSL-]-qOL of]
JjV.
(v}OU vLp]-OO) Rw! CRf-L-Re-RLqO k]a]-pO-o]sSsL. SveO-Sv--SjLaV S\Lh]\O WtpLU. (A-W-SO
SjL]) SveO-SvL! SveO JL! (A-WV SveO&""DU?
IL wL]'')
(A-WO j]OU SveO NkSv-w]-OO. 30 Wu]
NkLpU fLa] vt-]-p]-q]-OO. KqO WPt}U-YL y
- O-RWLV
A-oLp WO-W or-\] - OV. wL] KqO W] k]a]\O
oOS ja-]-RLO vq]-W-pLeV. oS-RR-RWLV
BWL-w-SpOU WaO SkLqO vVy-fO--StpOU yVkw]\O SjLO-OV. wL] S\Rj KqO WSy-qp
- ] CqOOO. I]V Sow-p
-V q- O-W]-SsV SkLWOO. Sfv oOqa-j
- OO.)

SveO:&

BqLfV? BqL wL] AfV?

wL]:&

(YT-qv
-
- ] SfvRj SjL]) DU? v}OU fOa-]SpL?
krpP. `L.

Sfv:&

`L...`L. (SveO kO]-q]-OO)

SveO:&

wL]! j} I]jL IR v]t]-\f


?V

wL]:&

S\L! yLRrLqO Paraphrase CO. BSsL-\]\O SjL]-p]V


KqO k]a}U W]O-]s. KO krV fL S\L. ASs...

SveO:&

ASs?

wL]:&

ASs S\R RkL-j]-p] (y~-q-] WQNf]-of~U


Ws]) hpL-v-Sw-x-o]-sL B yLr]R W]-sO
\Pq v]-pL BSvLtU \OUm]-R
- aOU. ANf fR.

SveO:&

(ASf SkLRs WQNf]-of


- SpLRa) \OUm]-R
- -aR.
140

wL]:&

js J! Aj]-p
- ]-SpL-RaLqO Syzv
- O-o]s.

SveO:&

ARfLR joOO k]R f}-\-R-aOLU. Passage


vLp]V.

wL]:&

(vL-p]-OO) "Why so jubilant? Sabarmathy is far off.


Nowkhali is near.''

SveO:&

(Rk-RV L-WO-s-jLp]) S? S? (I-e}-OO:


fOO) wL]! wL]!

wL]:&

(A-vt
- O-Ro-e}-OO) IO S\L? IV?

SveO:&

j]j-r
- ]-pLSoL, AfLqO kr-f
- L-ReV?

wL]:&

S\Lh]\O S\L. AU yLrO krO kLq-SNk-y]jO BqOSa-Rf-r


- ]S f}qP-]-Rs.V (A-sk
V U \]q]\)V yLr]jOU
Ar]O WPaL-p]-q]OU.

SveO:&

j}pOU j]R yLrOU, wL}! AfO YL]^] kr-fL.


1947 BYV kf]-LsLU f}pf] nLqfU y~f-N-oL-WO-f]R fSsV A-iq- LNf]! (Sf-vjOU fs Dp] ]OO)

wL]:&

Iv]Ra v\?V

Sfv:&

Iv]-RaNoL?

SveO:&

jv-X-s]-p]: KqO vQ-oOy}U yVNf}-pORa WOa]-s] Dk-vy]-O-Wp


- L-p]-qO-S- zU. ojO-x|jV js mO] SfLL.
kNf-L j]-m-]-\-SL RWLaO yS-w-oL-e]fV.
Cj] BSsL-\]\O SjLV.

wL]:&

CRj Ij]O v]aLRf, KO krO fL S\L.''

SveO:&

vtRq JRr kr-pL-jO-RLqO v]x-po


- L-efV. wL], Ij]fO kr-pL NkSf|-W]-R\Lq- v
- W
- L-wv
- O-oOV.
141

Sfv:&

JRjLOU kOa] W]-e]Ss!

Sfv:&

SveO:&

Sfv CT WO-W-t]-SsO SjLP&WL-uV\ jw]\ CT


WO-W-t]-SsV oj-]-sL-WO-]Ss.

(n-pS- LRa) fNoL.. SkLp]-R-aV fNoL. \}e]\O SkLp]!


(h}-Z-j]-w~LyU)

SveO:&

Sfv:&

(v]-xL-hy
- U-WO-so
- Lp y~q-]) Da-pN- \f]\ \f]!

SveO:&

As SfvL! Da-pf
-
- O-qL-jL-p]-qO-]s Af] RRW. ojO-x|jL-p]-qOO. k]wL-\]Rj kP^]-L kOr-R ojO-x|
RzL! KqO Ska]- y ~- k V j U SkLRs SfLOO. CSL
ARfLR BSsL-\]-\] V. AaO-]-q]-O-fV, RfqO-v] jaO-fV IsLU IsLU vj|-oQ-Y--tL-ReV SfL]\
yopU. SWLOU yPO-o] vj|-oQ-Y-. WLO-SkL-]R
SjLvOU R\L-pp
- ORa v}rOU. (A-pL B SsLW-]
v]z- q ]- O- W - p LeV . SfvjOU wL]pOU AfO- f R
]\O j]-OO). RzL! IRLqO Skk]-a]\ jLtO-W!
of-]-RpOU ^Lf]-pO-RapOU SWLs-! RRhv-]R
SkqOU v]t]\V kq-yV-kqU WuO-] W]-v\ WLsU.
SmLUSm-p], c-z]-p]&k-q]-xW
-V Qf ojO-x| Ai]-vy]-O IsLp
- ]-aOU WuO- ojO-x|-wq- }-q
- RfqOv] ftU RW] j] q-] W]aO k]a-pV-O-fO
`L W-fLeV. Ct-j}qO WO]-RL-]-O-SL-Ru
SkLRs qU k]a\O \LaO-fV. RzL! KaO-v]...K-aOv]...KqO RRW SmLUmV B WLuV\
- pOU Av-yL-j]-]\O
(Y-hY
-V h
-
- ]) CqO-]R A-o]-sL , A-fp
- ]-sL CqO]R Cq- O f}q- ] `L vs]- R \ - r ]- p - R O.
wL]!...wL]!... Ij]-R-R-]sOU WOa]-L SveU.
SvYU... SvYU.. (f-t o] WSy-q-p] Cq]-OO.
wL] AW-S-SLa] RvU RWLO vO RWLaOOO. hLzL-R
- j-SLRs WOa]-OO.)

Sv, SfvL... Cv-]fO oOuO-v kr-O-RWL-aO-R.


AfL-ej
- ]-p] jv-Xs]! z]OvOU oOy}oOU I]-Rj-r]-pL KqO yUzL-q-]jO SWL]-]-r-]p oL-efV.
A-oLqOU WOO-tOU IsLU WOs-vLu Aq]pOU SkLRs
Aq]-pR
- oV. Av]Ra j]O RWLLeV ASzU AfO
kr-fV.

wL]:&

ASL ym-of
- ]SpL S\L?

SveO:&

j} SW]-]Ss Af]-Rj-O-r]\?V

wL]:&

Cs S\L.

SveO:&

(SwL-WL--W-oLp] \]q]\V) A-nO-f-o]s. ym-o-f]-RpL CR ojO-x| Ar]-pO-fO jv-Xs]pL. yQ]Rp-L jw}-Wq- eU.

wL]:&

BqO-oO-L-p]-qO-]s ARfLOU krO fqL.

SveO:&

wq]-pLeV; j]R WO-os wL]. j]R fs-oO-rp


- OSaU WOos. WO-RosLU CfL CT Cq]-O SfvSU ISU fsoO-r-pO-Sa-fLeV.

Sfv:&

JRjL R\pVfO fNoL!

SveO:&

SfvL! j} KOU R\pVR


- f-s; j}pOU `LjOU D-R-aO
CT fs-oOr. j R\pVf
- R
- f-RSL? krO RWLaOS-R
- fSL AfV CvOU WPOU krO RWLaO]s. kWqU SvL-fO ksfOU kr-O-RWL-aO-OWpOU R\pVfO.

wL]:&

IL S\L ym-of]?

SveO:&

YL]-^]-pORa Nk]p-R BoU. ojO-x|-f~-]jV v]W-y]L-vO-]-aS- LtU v]W-y]-L yLi]\ sU. ^Lf]pOU

142

143

ofvOU oO fL-kq- |-tOU v]s-]O RWL y~Lf-N|nPo]. AfL-ej


- ]-p} ym-of]. KqO oSjL-zq- y
- ~-kj
-V o
- LeV
ym-of]. ojO-x|R oz-Lp YOe--RLR kqo-oLp] v]W-y]-L Wu] KqO y~kVjU. ojO-x| ojOx|Rj.

Sfv:&

(kO-rR Wf-W] j]V oLi-v NkSv-w]-OO. KqO kqO oLeV RkLfOSv qPk- ]sOU RkqO- o L- - ]sOU
IsLU. qUY-]-f
- Rq BRW SjLOO. KOU k]a]-O-]s.
SveO-v]R yUyLqU RkRV j]s-pV-OO. wL]
SveO-v]-ja- OO R\V RRW k]a]-OO. Sfv CqO-]aO j]R-e}V npL-hq-
- S- tLRa&WP-aO-fsOU np-SLRa&Kq-q]-WO-oLr] j]-OO.)

oLi-v:& (k-q]-zy
- ]\O RkL]-\] q- ]\)V KLSzL SzL! CfLeV fs-Os-pR j]! v]w~-f!

wL]:&

S\L AWO SkLWLU. S\jV }eU Ai]-Wo


- OV.

SveO:&

BqL CSL vfV?

L NoL!

oLi-v:& ASL j-RtL SvfV?


Sfv:&

Sfv:&

kLv-tV fNoL! B RjsU WL WU SfLO NoL! RvU


CO RWLO SkLNoL.

(Af] ojU RjL]V) fNoL!

oLiv:& ILaL?
Sfv:&

fNoL AfV kr-psV. oROU krSL AfO kr-psV. ''

oLi-v:& k]RL Cf]jV kr- S p- fV ? & D S\L]jO\]fU


WLL CT ke]V.
Sfv:&

(WO-Sr-Pa] DNY-fp
- ]) fNoL!

oLi-v:& (KOU op-R-aL y~q-]) `LjLeV.

oLi-v:& RwaL! As, j]R-RpLOU kr-]O WLq|-o]s. Cv]-aR


v]v-qR
- oL-SLqL j]R-p]-R
- j-pL-O-fV.

SveO:&

Sfv:&

wq]. SkLWL-o-j]-p]. (wL], SveO-v]R RRWO


k]a]\V AW-SV RWLO SkLWOO.)

oLi-v:& SfvL!
Sfv:&

oLi-v:& A wO-jL-p]-qOO.

INoL?

oLi-v:& B oOz-h- W
-V L-y]-o]R j]s-o]Ss?&j-ORa A-SrRa W}uLp]V?
Sfv:&

fNoL D S\L]jO\]fU WL]-p]-RLV fNoL J. (\Ov-q]-s]-q]-O k]fL-v]R kaU \P]) B WL fNoL


JRr DT]-pfV. CT RRWRp J \f]-\] s fNoL.

L NoL.

oLi-v:& Av-j]V jtV kLaO-RkO RW] j]rO-]-p]-q]-O


RvU S\L- ]- R LO SkLWL SkLvOWL.
oj-]-sLSpL?
144

Sfv:&

Rjr-RvL WL AfV fNoL.

oLi-v:& AfO-o]fOU kr-]-RLOU WLq|-o]s. kr-pO-fO SWLSoL j]jV . ARs - ] SvRr BtOO kLaO
ke]V.
Sfv:&

(-fz
- Q-hp
- j
- Lp]) J Cq]-RSpL? B kLaV Cj] KqO- j ]- r - O- fV J WLe- ]s fNoL! vs|- N oL- S jLaV
JRjLqO j]-pO-NoL.
145

S-]-aO j]rO-L-fSs|L S\-\L qV fs-p] Wp-]-p]q]-O-fV.

oLi-v:& j]! j]! j]-pL-e]-v]Ra WfV? ASs? y~^L-f]Rp


v]]V Aj|-of
-
- L-qRj yzL-p]-L-RjL-qO-O-fV.
Sfv:&

S\f-o]-sL--fLOU R\pVfO RWLaO--e-oNoL! Af]sV


^Lf}U oSfLU SjLL j]s.V oOU oLSjLU RkLSsjV
vsOfL fNoL! qOU RWa-efOU SjL] AvjV j]L
SosL.

oLi-v:& (y-z] -RW nLvU) NkyUYU of]. IL? kr-fO


SkLRs R\LSoL? Av]Ra vq-] Dr-eU j}. RvU
Rv]-RLO SkLWL vqO-v
- Rj v]O RWLaO-S-qOfV. oj-]-sLSpL? (Sf-v KOU o]O-]s.) IL
KOU o]L-fV?
Sfv:&

(Nk-pL-yR
- O fs WOsO]) KL fNoL!

oLi-v:& ke]-p] j}O j]-e


- R
- o-] R\eU. ANf-fR.
CfO kr-pLjL j]R v]t]-\f
.V SkL. CU fR SjRq
SkLSpV.
Sfv:&

L! fNoL! (v]-xL-hn
- q- ]-fj
- Lp] Cr-]-SL-WOO.)

oLi-v:& (kO-rRW v]t]\O kr-pOO) Av-LqO vs RRWSp-]SjL oSL vLSs SfvL..v]O RWLaO-S--qOfV.
SWSL, jORa v--]jO fR oLj-SaL. SoLV W}u-a
- }O vL. CSL-a- ]\L ASL-O-oa- ]V.
Swx-RoLR joOO SjLLU, SWSL?

(wL] NkSv-w]-OO)
oLi- v :& (A- v Rt SjLLRf) ISL- L- p ]- q OO Cv]- a R
NkyUYU?
wL]:&

NkyU-YSoL?

oLi-v:& (A-vRt SjL] yk-q]-zLyU) L! S\-\L q- ORa RRofLj-Nk-yUYU? j}pOU B RkLSsjOU WPa] j]O fs
WOsO] qy]-O-fO WSsL.
wL]:&

(j]-mU)

oLi-v:& wL}!
wL]:&

IO SveU S\L.

oLi-v:& j} kb]-L-jO yo-pV CRj kL-pOU krO


ja-O-R
- f-]jL? IL Cf]R AU?
wL]:&

`L kb]-O-Wp
- L-p]-qOO S\L.

oLi-v:& Af]R Sot-oLSeL `L CT WfOU SWfOU?


wL]:&

ARf S\L.

oLi-v:& ASf! ASf SkLsOU! Ia}, kb]-O-]-aR


- -]jL CT AzLSyLU mzStLU?
wL]:&

(A-WRs Sfv&KL! fNoL)

`L yUwpU S\Lh]\O; SveO J AfO krO fqOW-pL-p]-qOO.

(y-SL-x\
- ]-j
- Lp] oLi-v Sow-q- ]-W]-SsO vqOO).

oLi-v:& krO fqL W BtV!

oLi-v:& (y~pU oN]-OO) KqO Rva]O qO k];


CvSU oOxVO WOr\O WPa]-SLp]. ARf-Rj? j]rO-

wL]:&

146

Ij]V S\jOU SveO JjOU KqO-SkL-Rs-fR.

oLi-v:& JpV! JpV! ANf-p


-V O yf|-vf
- ]-pL-WL vqR. j]jV
147

CT S\-Rj-L B S\-Rj--R-pLeV WLq|U. KL!


Ij]--f]-RsL-O-o]s. h]v-yvOU S\LrO fqL kLaO-RkaO--v-RjLV; \OL AaO-]-qOV \tOvL \O--vRjLV. WPrO SvfV ASLO fR-pLeV! Af] yUwp-RoL-O-o]s.
wL]:&

S\L! IL-e]-Rj kr-pO-fV ?

wL]:&

oLi-v:& I]-LeV A Av-yL-jo


- L-p]V v]Rsu- Of] Rv\f.V yvvOU IR SkV.
wL]:&

oLi-v:& kr-pO-SfL.y-f|-of
- L-pfO RWLV.
wL]:&

SveO J-Rj-RL-RLOU BWL-]-Rs? WO qOU


SkLp].

oLi-v:& KL RzL RzL! BWO WLsO os-RpLR or]-\]L.


ILa} AO R\pV-ffV? j]-z-W-qeU, z]O oOy}U
RRoNf] IRL-R-r
- V RWLa}U k]a]\V j]s-v]-t}-oL-p]O
jaO. AV v}]-Rs-Rj AaO-] f} kP]-p-Rf--r]]-O-SLa} j]R CT S\? Ar]-]-OSL?
(wL] j]mU)
oLi-v:& IL j}RpLOU o]L-fV? j]j--r]-pLSoL AV
j}pOU `LjOU CT v}]-RsL-SLqOU Wu]\ BzLqU Iv]Ra-O-Lp] IV? IRj DLp] IV?

S\ AO ^p]-s]-sL-p]-qO-fO RWLSs? B Bi]-pSs


ARj CNf SvYU RWLfV? ASNf-RoLOU kr-p
S\. A SveO JRj Syz]-\] q- OO.

kS vSs|-R WLq|U oq]-\-SLuOU A krO.


CSs? `L SWSsL W]-s]R fs-p
-V j]V. S\Rj
AaOO v]t]-\Ss kr-fV. "Sv-eO-v]jV Cj] j}pL-eOfOe. NkSf|WU SjL]-RL-Se'V? Af]-jLeV y~O
oOuO-v JR Sk-R-uO-fO-R
- fV. CSs JL.

oLi-v:& (RfsV Ay~--jL-WOO. I]sOU qP-f-SpLRa) Af]RjLOU SqX-RpL-O-o]s.kS, CU `L WeO krpL j]-O-Wp
- s. `L BvO-fO ke]-R-aOO. WSL
SoL]S\L k]a]\O kr]S\L I-Rj-Rp-]sOU CT v}]
A-aU SkLWOO. A oq]-\-f]jOU oOO fOa-]pfL CfV; AfV, CV&CT j]o]xU vRq fOaO SkLWOO.
CRj kLaO-Rk-aO-SL Ij]O \]s-fL-vw
- |-R-aLjOU
Ai]-WL-qo
- OV. CSs?
wL]:&

I] j]V f}-\p
- LpOU.

oLi-v:& IL JRj Ku]\O j]rO-]-t


-
fV?

(wL] j]mU)
oLi-v:& AV, ox]-p]-q- ]-\L WLeL-oL-p]-qOSL j]R S\Rj?
AfOU SkLWR; A oq]-\S- L&j}pOU j]R S\jOU
jLu]-Wp
-
V O jPrO-vU vLuV
- O A oq]-\S- L&Iv]-Ra-pL-p]-qOO j]R CT vL-ys|U RkqO S\?
KqO jOO vLpV--q]-p]-aL Cv]-aO-L-p]-qO-fV `LSjL
S\SjL?
148

wL]:&

SveO J jLU qO SkqO-RapOU J-jSs?

oLi-v:& AfO-RWLV? IsLU `Lj-Sj~-x]-e


- R
- o-] `L krpO-fO AsVk
- R
- oLO R\v]-RL-L-RsL?
wL]:&

IL-SpL `L oq|L-hS- WaO WLe]-\f


?V JjV CNfpOU
SLn-oO-L-W
-
- v
- ]iU SveO J IO-R\-pf
V O?
149

oLi-v:& CSL `L vU W-Rf-SLL?

SveO:&

wL]:&

oLi-v:& BqOU Cv]Ra qzy|U kr-pO-]s. SW-L-vO-Sf krOP. SWfO RWLRLOU vqL-jO-o]s.

IL?

oLi-v:& j]jOU j]R SveO JjOU ARfLOU Kq-hn


-V O-fo
- L-p]q]-]s.
wL]:&

SfvRj J-jSs vqL kr-fV?

oLi-v:& (wO-eb
V ] IaOV) AfO-RWLV? `L vqL kr-f
- ORWLV AvRj v]t]\O SW] K-o]-qO] ysV
- q- ]-SeL?
SvSeLa}?
wL]:&

INfSpL WLs-oLp], jORa A-jO-S- LSu Sfv CT


v}]-SjLaO m-R-f
- Ss? A-Sj-L NkLp-vO-oOV.

oLi-v:& wq]; IL AL-vR LjO v\O kP^]\L! (k-q]zL-y-\]-q]-SpLRa) SveO JjV JfL-pLsOU AL-v
fSsL. ASs?
wL]:&

(oO-r]-Sv o]) JL?

(qO SkqOU WLeLRf CT yUnL-xe


-
- ]R A|-SL-aa- OV SveO
qUYO vqOO. yUnL- x eU CNf- S L- t - o L- W O- S L ApL- t ORa
jaU KqO Pt]-] wm-oO-L-- kf-j-] I]-p]-q]OO. ARj qUY-]-f ApL-tORa yL]i|U Ar]-pOO. wL]
SvYU R\V RRWO k]a]-OO. SveO-v]R oOXV v]WL-q-v]SLnU Nkf|U).
SveO:&

(B-SqL-Ra-]-sLRf) IR WS RkL]-p]-OP! IR
WS RkL]-p]-OP!

wL]:&

IR WS RkL]-p]-OP. Ij]O WLfO SW-L-RoV.

(oL-iv
- S- jLaV) JL!... (A-Sk-L-y~-qo
- LeV)

oLi-v:& C-R-aL-R
- fLOU BqOU krO WPaL. ASs?
wL]:&

(Sv-eO-v]-SjLaV) SveO JL. vqP AWO SkLWLU.

SveO:&

j]O wL]! INf jLRtO v\O yz]OU. `LRjLqO


ojO-x|-jSs?

oLi-v:& ojO-x|-jL-Re-] `L kr-pO--f] WLq|-oO-RO


WSRj.
SveO:&

WLq|U! WLq|U!

oLi-v:& ojO-x|-jL-Re-]...
SveO:&

ojO-x|-jL-p-fO-RWL-LeV CV CfO vfV. CT WO


RkL]-pfV. CO W-vR BOU Aa]pOU RWLO-fV.
ja-L KqL-t]R yzLpU SvfV.

oLi-v:& AfO SjfL-vL-WL.


SveO:&

j]j--Nf-pVS CL-q|- v]v-q-oOO.

oLi-v:& KL! A-RjL-R-SLOU. kSSs...IR B v]v-qSaO RWLSL S\jOU Aj]-p-]pOU CO W]


WOa]\O W]a-O-R
- f-SL SveU.

oLi-v:& CfL-SqLaL?

SveO:&

SveO:&

oLi-v:& Sja]-O oaO-SfL?

j]-StLaV&j]-SLaV. IsL SkSqLaOU.

oLi-v:& Af]jV?

SveO:&
150

W}SaU WLa}SaU Wg! SWO oaO-}-w~qL!

CTw~qL! WO-WO WLuV\


- p
- O-L-p]-qO-R-]!
151

oLi-v:& DL-p]-qO-
- u- R WgSpL?
wL]:&

(qO SkqORa oOXOU oLr] oLr] SjL] j]-O-Wp


- Lp]-qOO.) CRfLO j]rO-]-PSa qO SkOU?

oLi-v:& oRL-O-os; AV, CT jLaO jL-L ja-v


- Iv]aL-p]-qOO?
SveO:&

oLi-v:& yLi|-os.
SveO:&

wL]! Aj]-p] AWO SkLWP.

wL]:&

(A-Sk-L-y~-q
- ]) SveO JL! J-Rj-]sOU.

SveO:&

kr-RL-u]-\]-Rs-] IR zQhpU fWO SkLWOU


wL]. INf h]v-y-RoO v\L SW-OW. CT S\Lr]RpOU W}-RapOU WLq|U.

oLivL! jLU qOU qO vu]L SkLpfV. j} j]R


vu]OU, `L IR vu]OU. jORa Sj-]SU j]SU We-R-aO-L-rL-p]-]s. Af-r]-pOSoL?

oLi-v:& (y-kq- ]-zLyU RkL]-\] q- ]-\] V) Bp]-]-sS- kLsOU! Bp]-]s.


Cj] IOV BWL?
SveO:&

kq]-zy
- ]-. `LRjLOU Sja]-p]-]Rs
- Rs? wq]-pL-p]q]LU. j]R hQ]-p] `L KOU Sja]-p]-]s.

oLi-v:& R\O-Sf kr-OO AfV BqORa oO]sOU krpOU.

oLi-v:& Sja]p yL- h |- o Ss RWLO v\ V WLsOU j}]- p ]- q O


-O-O-fV.

SveO:&

SveO:&

hOSq|L-ij
- R DqOt! hOSq|L-ij
- R DqOt!

oLi-v:& `L S\Lh]-R? AjO ke]-p]-sL Rf, pLRfLqO vqOoL-j-vO-o]-sLRf, CT v}aV k]-e]-p]-SsO j}]-RL-]qO-]Ss. ASL.
SveO:&

DU ASL?

wL]:&

(W-q\
- ] s
- ]R y~q-]) JL!

oLi-v:& j} AWO SkL. SkL. SkLWL-jLeO kr-fV (wL]


SkLWO-]-s) . CRf-]sOU `L kr-pO-R
- fL-jO-yq- ]\O
Wt SkL.

\]s- PeO oLNf- o LeV yLh|U. DL Sja]- p L


Sj-oLp].

oLi-v:& As s . WLO j]r\ msP SkLRs BhSwLU


NkyU-Y]\O ja-eU. KaO-v] WLOU SkLp]V BtOU
SkLp]. bV.
SveO:&

AaO-L-jL-vL A-q
- ]-sLeV jLU j]-O-fV.

oLi-v:& AaO--e-RoV Cv]Ra BOU SoLz-o]s, kS krpOU BOU oO] v}--qOfV.


SveO:&

S\LrO fqOO. S\LrO fqOO, S\LrO fqOO! CfO krpO--f]-RjL-q-rO-f]-p]Ss?

wL]:&

(Sv- e O- v ]Rj hp- j }- p - o L- R pLO SjLOO. kR


ApLV fR WLeL-jL-v]-sS sL IO WV kfOR
ja-W
- O SkLWOO.)

oLi-v:& Af]-j-jO-y-q]\V WPrO-WL-L-]-a-SLtU kr-pOW fR


R\OU.

SveO:&

j} IL S\Lh]-\f
?V

SveO:&

152

ILeV j} C-rp
- O WPrV?
153

oLi-v:& W]- RkLSsSjU jLsLU Svh-L-qSjU k]a]\O RkLqpV


- W
- O SWsV. Av-oL-qORa SfLSt RRWp]V, Av-qORa
CxVSaLU SjL] ja-OW. Ij]-f
- ]-o
- ]s
SveO:&

(D-pO v DSh~-Yo
- a- ]) j]j-]-o
- ]-sL
- fO RWLV?

oLi-v:& Ij]-]-o
- ]-sL
- R
- fLOU `L kOs-O B v}]
ja-L kLa]s.
SveO:&

oLivL! j} ojO-x|Rj Syz]-L Cj]pOU kb]-\] - ]s.

oLi-v:& y~U ^Lf]-RppOU of-RpOU Syz]--e-RoV Ij]-r]pLU.


SveO:&

Af]-P-aO-f j} Ar]-Sp-]-p]-q]-OO. oLivL! `L


W-RfLR j}pOU W]-qO-R-]! `Lj-jO-n-v]-\RfLR j}pOU AjO-nv
- ]-\] q- O-R-]! W-a\
- L fs-p
ojO-x|-w-q}-q--tORa j} SZLx-pLNf! WO fOr-L
k]O-WO-O-, kP--Y-n]-e]-W ARj q]-]-aV fOa]-O-fV;RvU RvU IO v]t]\O
\LvO-fV.

oLi-v:& Cf]-RjLR WLqeU BqL? oOy}


- ! Av-Rq-pLeV kP^]-e-Ro-O-k-Sh-w]-O-fV.
SveO:&

oOy}oOU z]O-vO-oL-p]-qO-]s ojO-x|-jL-p]-qOO. As;


oQYU.. oQYU.

oLi-v:& Ij]} SvhL-R


- oLOU Sv. SvhLU kr-pL-]L
WOU WV, oPO SjSqLU RvSLU WOa]\O ja-O-fV.
SveO:&

(zQ-hp
- S- v-hj
- S- pLRa) oLivL! IR WO-SkLp]! Af]R
jU&Sv-hj&AfV `L yz]-S\LtLU. B kO] j}
CRj RWL]-vL-]O WO-qOfV. AqOfV.
154

oLi-v:& BqOU WOL vqO-]s. kS, Cv-oLRq BSqU CT


ka]-W
- O v\V `Lj]j] WLe-qOfV. joOO k]a]\O kOrL-L-RjL-OSoL? S\Lh]-\L krpOU ""SveO J
v]t]\O; wL] v]t]\O'' yz]\O yz]\O yz]-RW-Rj]V!
(SveO j]mU)
oLi-v:& IL orO-ka] kr-pL-fV? K-]-RsV yLqU. CO
fR `L v-SL B Sfv&A-vj
- O-]-v]Ra CrpV. CRfL yNfSoL oSL BSeL?
SveO:&

I-R fs-O-sp
- j
- LeV Sfv. Ar]-pOSoL?

oLi-v:& (y-k-q]-zLyU) Ar]-pOSo! Ar]pOU. Af]-Rj-L-StRr


Ar]pOU.
SveO:&

(D-h]\O vqO SWLkU Aa-L NkpL-yR


- V) oLivL!

oLi-v:& B oLs-RV oq]-\] Rs? Cj]pOU I]jL?


SveO:&

(v]-WL-qL-SvwU RWLV qO oPa] oOSLO vpV


- OO.
RkRO j]V RRW qOU `qa] Ao-x-RoL-fO-}V.)
oLivL! Kq-qU kr-p-qO-f-v-Rt-] (oQ-hOvOU SwLWL-WvO-oLp y~q-]) IR zQh-p
- ]R JvOU AYLi-oLp KqO SWLe] AvO oLNf-oLp] `L Kq]aU Ku]\]- ]-q]-O-Wp
- LeV. f]qO k]a]\ k-eR
- -qO-v] ojO-x|w-q}qU kOWOf] W]pOU WL-RfpOU W]a--SL...
\}-t] wv-] j]OU hO-YU Dp-O-pO
v-SL `L AvRt KLO j]w~-y]-\] q- OO. (y~qU
v}OU f}Ve
- f kPO-pq- OO) Kq-qU kr-pq- O-fv
- R
- t].
155

oLi-v:& (A-kR
- oLV kq]-NnL-j
- L-WO-OV; I]sOU AfO or-p-V
OO.) AvjO W]S-fV CO W]OU. Af]jO WPRapL
`L kr-O-v]-fV. (\]-q]-OO.)

q-vO-RoL-s]-]\V Sfv NkSv-w]-OO. wL]-p] j]OU h}-ZoLp KqL-NW-j


- o
- O-pq- OO. oLi-vR RkL]-\] q- ]pOU RkRV j]-OO.
ILeV yUn-v]-\R
- f-r
- ]-pLRf SveO kq]-Nn-o]-OO.)

SveO:&

SveO:&

(D-\
- ]) SfvL...IR SfvL...ASL! IO k]?

wL]:&

(KU) SfvL! (KLa] AaOO R\O yLq] W}r] fs-p]


RWOO. oLi-v j]-v]-WL-q-jL-p]-R j]-O-WpLeV.) CRf-R
- j-k] SfvL! CRf-Rj k]? (Sf-v
fr-p] \aO WPa]-p]-q]-O-Wp
- LeV).

Sfv:&

fNoL! (oL-iv
- Rj SjL]) o] v\a- ]-\N oL! fs W}r]-SLpNoL!... RRhvU fNoLSj! A-\] Sp! RvU! (wL] KLa]R\V, RvU IaOO RWLO vqOO. SveO CT
yopU RWLO Sfv- j ]- q ]- O- ]- a - R - ]- - u ]O.
SveO Sfv-Rj-]-a]\V y~w-q}-q-SLaO S\-OO. oOfOW] Syzk
- PvU fSsL-aOO.)

SveO:&

(A-s]-SvLRa) SfvL...

IV? IV?

oLi-v:& As. vp-s] SkLp]-OV. oOz-hV WLy]-o]R WORa


DTV!...z!z!z!
SveO:&

(SWLkU) SNhLz]! Rft]\O krpP! kr-pL!

oLi-v:& kr-pL-Rj-SLV? CRj I]jL oRL-SLqO SvvsL-f]-R-ae


- fV?
SveO:&

(f-]--]-R\O oLi-vR \OosO k]a]\O WOsO-]RLV) krpP SvYU IO R\pVfO SfvRj? SvYU
kr-peU.

oLi-v:& RwaL, kLRa! Av vp-s]-SLp]. js ke]-L-qR


- j-SLRs
fO-qLR vpsO WLL. RvU RvL BqLjOU
vL v]O-RWL-aO-q- O-RfO `LjOU krO.
SveO:&

\f]\O! SNhLz]! \f]\O! (SfL-t]Rs k]a] v]aOO. vLf]s]-ja- O-SO ja-L BpOO.)

wL]:&

(k-q]-NnL-p
- Lp]) IL SveO JL?

SveO:&

Ij]O SkLWeU. Ij]O vp-s]-SL-WeU wL]!


Iv]Ra j} vqP.. wL]! jORa Sfv!

(oL-i-v RkL]-\]-q]-OO. wL] SveO-v]R AaO-R] ApLtORa RRW k]a]-OO. qO SkqOU Kqa] WPa] oOSLO vpV
- O-f
- ]jO
oOV ""fNoL'' IO v]t]\O RWLV Aa]-RWLO W}r]p fs-pO-oLp]
156

oLi-v:& j}RpNf ASLO RWLaOO SfvL?


Sfv:&

JjV..k-}s fNoL..A-f]jO oOV...

oLi-v:& w! v-
- ]R AS SkLp]! KqO z]O-v]SjU fs]p]O qO-WLSs jaO SkLWL-SoLaL Av? j]j-RLR
S\LrO fqO-fOU k]-]-a- O-f
- O-RoL-oL.
SveO:&

(y-SWLkU Ie}V) oLivL! j]rOV. Jf]jOU Kq-f]-qOV.

oLi-v:& ASf Ij]OU kr-pL-jOP. IsL-]jOU DRL-q-f]qV.


y~U AL-vRj k]a]-\-e-\]-q]OU SkLsSs|L...CNf
157

A-kO BtL, A \U JSfL KqO BtO-SWrL


os-p]sV yj|-y]-L SkLp]-qO-fV.
SveO:&

(SWLkU RWLO v]r\O) oLivL! j]SLaO j]rO-LjLeO kr-fV. fs k]tO qU fPv] v]-q]-O
SfvRj Kq]-L-w~-y]-]-L WPa] SjLLRf..

oLi-v:& CRfR v}aLeV. ARf. CfV IR... IR oLNfU v}aLeV.


j}pOU AvtOU IsLU IR S\LrL-ReaL IR SfLrV.
KLSqL CO \fpOU KLSqL CO S\LqpOU ISfL.
ISfV.
SveO:&

j]rO-L-jLeV kr-fV. j]rO-L.

oLi-v:& Bw~-y]-]-S--v-qL-w~-y]-]-O-WSs|L. SfvL! j} Cj]


CT ke]O RWL-]-RsaL. `L SvRr Bt-Sj~-x]S\LtLU. W]]-pfOU vL]-S\LV ASL-RLO RWLaOLRf v]-q]-OO. w! AfOU KqO So-aO-PV.

oLi-v:& Cs. Cv]Ra j]V `L A-zy


- ]-L-jLeV SkLWO-fV.

SveO:&

SveO:&

wq]. CfO j]R v}aLeV. WO WLeL-O-qO-a `L


Cv]Ra Ai]-W
- V..(Rf-s] a j]]V) wL]! wL]!

wL]:&

IL-SeL?

SveO:&

IR va]-p]O fqP wL]. CT v}]jOU IR Aj]pjOU `LRjLqO nLqoL. nLqU. vs]O Wp-r]-p-v
fj]Sp Ku]-SLU. IaOV.

wL]:&

JL! `LjOU...I-R-Pa] RWLO SkLWP IRpOU.

Sfv:&

fNoL! JjOU..JjOU..(k]-a-R-e}-OO).

oLivL! `LRjLO WPa] kr-pOO. CfO j]rO-L.

wL]:&

oLi-v:& SkLa} AWV. CT ft-] WO SkLW-qOfV j]R. DU

oLi-v:& CRs
- ]...? CRs
- ]?
SveO:&

(qO-j
- Lp]) CRs
- ]SsL? CRs
- ]SsL? (f-]-] oOSL-aO-OO.)

oLi-v:& WO WLeL vR-]-RsV? orO-^L-f}Ra oLjU SjaL


ja-O SpLY|!
SveO:&

(W-aO y~q-]) oLivL!

oLi-v:& j]rO-
- ]s. IO R\OU? WLeR. ANf-p
V .V
(oO-uO-o]-O-f
- ]jO oOO SveO-v]R RRW oLi-vR R\W]-] kf]OO. oLi-vjV CfV ANk-f}-]-fo
- L-p]-qOO. Av Cf]-W-v
- |-fLoP-d-jLp] AsV-k-y-opU j]O SkLWOO. wL] DSh~-Y-SLRa v]t]OO. SfvjOU fs RkLOO.)
wL]:&

S\L!

Sfv:&

fNoL! ASL? IR vs|NoL (SveO SWLk-L j]O


v]r-pV-O-W-pLeV)
158

S\L!

oLi-v:& (y-k-q]-zLyU) SnxV! S\-\-pO-fO S\O! Ij]-sVkU ke]-pOV.


(So-w
- q- O-W] R\V CT yUn-vv
- ]-WL-y
- t
- ] yVk
- So
As-yR
- j-S- kLRs nLv]\V WeO WPOW, WLwO SowO-rO f]-p]-R-OW fOa-]-pv R\OO. KqO Rv]
qPkL wmo
- O-L-O-oLrV, KqO NkW-aj
- R
- o j]s-p], BWLw-]-Ss-R-r]O k]a]-OO. RkL]-\]-q]-OO. Af]j]-ap
- ]-sLeV Cj] ASL-O yUnL-xeU.)
159

SveO:&

wL]! S\ kr-pO-fO SWV. j} C-u]r-q- OfV.

wL]:&

(h-pj
- }pU) S\L!...

SveO:&

ASf wL]. j} WLk-a|-or


- ]-pL KqO Rk-WOV. CT
SsLWU j]jSL, j} CT SsLW-]SjL kLW-oL-p]-]s.
S\ Cj] Kq]- vqLU. AV... AO vL of]
Aj]-p].

(wL] RkL]--q-pOO. oLi-v kq]-z-y]\O RkL]-\]-q]-OO.


SveOvOU SfvjOU qUY-]R Kq-R
- -]-u- ]-]-q]-OO. wL]
RkRO v]t]-OO.)
wL]:&

S\L! S\L KqO j]o]xU.


(Sf-vjOU SveOvOU j]-OO)

wL]:&

SveO-SvL! CSL.. CSL...I-j]O oj-]-sLp].


CfLeV (oOr] \P]-L-e]\O RWLV) CfLeO jv-Xs].
ARs S\L.

wL]:&

S\?

SveO:&

`L SkLvO-Wp
- Lp].

wL]:&

Iv]-SaV?

SveO:&

ARf Aj]-p].

SveO:&

Iv]-Ra-R-]sOU, JRf-]sOU Wa-]-W


- t
- ]&wVo
- w
- L-j-t]&W-a-O-r--t]...

wL]:&

ym-of]?

SveO:&

`LjOU SfvjOU Av]-Sa-LeV SkLefV. Aj]-p].

wL]:&

ASL! IR S\L!...

wL]:&

INf hPqU ja-eU JL.

SveO:&

yLq-o]-s-p-j]-p]. B wVo-wL-j-n}-W-q-f-p] j]O-oO


IR KLU Av-yL-j]-\] - ]s. ANf fR. `L SkLWR.
CT WPq IS-fs wL]. (Y-hY
-V h
-
- L-pp]) va] fqP.

SveO:&

qPk-o]s. vtRq SveU. kS `-tv


- ]Ra IOU wL].
ym-of] hPRq-pLeV. jv-Xs
- ]-pLeV, yo}kU jv-Xs]!

wL]:&

CT v}] `LjL-p]-qOO S\R va]. CV.. CV.. S\L!

wL]:&

S\L! `LRj-O-fqOU IS-fLp] S\jV?

SveO:&

yLq-o]s; wL]. IR va] IaOO fqP Aj]-p].

Sfv:&

WOSL! WO]R Wq-t]O-]Rs SyzU.

wL]:&

KqO j]o]xU `Lj-WO SkLp]O vqR S\L. IR]sOU.

(wL] Wq-O-RWLV va] IaOO RWLO vqOO. Sfv RkRV


B va] k]a]\O vL]-OO; \v]] Ka]-OO)
wL]:&

SfvL! SfvL! S\R va].

(Sf-v jaV va]-p]-q]-S LjO R\O j]V SveO-v]R


RRW k]a]\V fR SfLt] S\-]V.)
Sfv:&

jaV fNoL! Cj] SfvjL fNoLR va]. CT va] Ka]-]S


fNoL v}u-RLV...j-aV fNoL...j-aV...
160

oLi-v:& (fL-j]-qO-]-aO j]V) IS-RfLOU y~}W-q]-L-fSs|L


SkLV. IS-f-sL-Rf-O-Ra} j]j-]-v]Ra? (RkL-]-\]q]-OO)
wL]:&

(KqO j]o]xU BSsL- \ ]\ O j]]V ) CT v]tV . ..


(rL- IaO-OO) ARf CT v]tV. CfV j]-tO-Sa-fs.
CfO `L Sja]-pf
- LeV. IR yVP-t] v\V yLjU.
161

SveO JL j]V. CT v]t-]-q]-R S\R W].


vu]-p] CfO Rvt]\U fqOU. Cv]Ra CqOO of] JL. CqOL j-sf
.V (Sf-vR W] v]tO k]a]-]-OO.)
SveO:&

Sfv:&

wL]! wL]! ` SkLvO-Wp


- L-ej
- ]-p]. ym-of]
hPRq-pLeV&AO hPRq, Av]Ra IeU. SkLWR...SkLWR Aj]-p]...SfvL!

IU.a].vL-yO-Sh-v jLp

(qU-YR h}kU oOuO-v rL or-pO-SL Ae-pVeU. wL] hPRq, hPRq AWO SkLWO Rvt]-\v
OU
ASfL-RaL-W
- s
- O j]u-sO-WtOU SjL] j]-O-Wp
- LeV.
oLi-vR KqO vs]p j]u WLeLU. SveO-v]R Ka]
DTO-va] ApL WOj]-R-aO-OO. \]]\O RWLR-SkLRs B va]-pORa Ka] Wx-e
- SpL^]-]-L
o]-OO.)
Sv; Ka]-fV Ka]--fL-p]-q]-R. J\O RW]-pL
oOu-\]-q]OU.

oLi-v:& Cv]-aLOU J\O RW. (v-s]\O hPRq Ir]-pOO.)


wL]:&

1. AO SkLWL KqO W]

KL! ja-LNoL,

oLi-v:& S\Sq-fO S\O. CfO fR SpLY|f! oLjU! AV!


(D-rR \]q]-OO.)

wL]:&

Dk-kL-b-v]-nLYU

B v]tOU oLO. jv-Xs]! jv-Xs]! ym-of] hPRqpLeV..hPRq! vtRq...v-tRq hPRq. kS SveO JL..j-t-v]-Ra-]Ss...! IOU.
(oL-iv
- RkL]-\] q- ]-OO. wL] "y-m-of] hPRq-pLeV
hPSq' IL-v-]\O kr-pOO.)
& W- &
162

[yL-z]-f|-WL-q,

kNfL-i]-k, f]q-g
- L-WQV, y]j]oL yUv]-iL-pW
-
I} j]s-Wt
- ]-RssLU Nkw-j
- LeV IU.a].vL-yO-Sh-v jLp (1933&)
SjLv qUYOU R\rO-WgL qUYOU KSq SkLRs v]^-p]-L
Wu] ASzU o]W\ nLq-f}p yLz]-f|-WL-q-LO j] vqO
Lj-k}b kOq-L-q-L mzO-oL-j]-f-jL-p]-OV. KLtvOU f}qvOU,
CqO-]R BLvV, y~U fOr-O yopU, WOS|-a], vLj-NkU,
jLsO-RWV, WLsU, AyO-qv
- ]V, oV, qL-oPuU fOa] R\rO-WgL
yo-zL-q--tLpOU SjLv-sO-W-tLpOU ASjWU WQf]W AS-z]
j]OU joOV sn]-\] - OV. IU.a].pORa Rfq-R-aO Wg-Wt
- ] DR-aO-]-p]-O KLeV AO SkLWL KqO W].]
"IR INfpOU Nk]p-R SwX-Sq- vLp]-\-r]-pL y~U
ySzL-hq] AO-O] IuO-fO-fV...
A- WOr\O h]v-yo
- Lp] yOX-o]-sL Rf W]a-O-Wp
- LeV. A
kr-]-L-e]-Rf-uO-fO-fV. SwX-Sq-jV `Rt BRqpOU kq]-\p
- o
- O-Lv]s. A SwX-Sq-R
- j-] `-StLaV kr-]-OV. A SwX-Sq-SjLaV K]-v]-SaO vqL kr-]-q]-OO. AjV KO WLeL-jLeV.
`OU KO WLeLSsL. WO W]]p DaRj vqO-RoO WqO-fOO.
SwxU vu]Rp. IV y~U AO-O].'
oOx] Wa-sL-y] Sf Rk-y] RWLR-uO-f]p B WV
163

vLp]-\-SL ApLO Bh|U Kq--q-LeV SfL]-pfV. ApLRLOU oj-y]-sL-vO-]s...y-SzL-hq- ] AO-O] A&IsLU A-wP-j|-t
- Lp \]s kh-t
- L-p]-LeV ApL-j
- O-nv
- R
- -fV.

oLNf-oL-p]-qOO. mL]. SyzU f]t-O B WO-W jjO


RWLS ApL W]-OP. A-Rj-] ApL KL-L-r]s. RWL\O
WOL-p]-qO WLsV A kr KL-S- p-pOO.

feOO fOa-]p WL] kfOR SoL]-RLV ApL BSsL\]\O. KL-O-SLrOU AsV-kL-sVkU v|-oL-vO-OV. ^}v]-f-]R
\]s kup fLtO-W KL-p
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182

183

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184

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SqLY]Rp AWO RWLO SkLp]. SkLWL SjqOU Av fs


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217

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224

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