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The Coastal Batholith, The Coastal Batholith,


Mesozoic Peru Mesozoic Peru
Rebecca Williams Rebecca Williams
OUTLINE OUTLINE
Why Coastal Batholith, Peru? Why Coastal Batholith, Peru?
Geological Setting Geological Setting
Tectonic Setting Tectonic Setting
Crustal Rock Crustal Rock
Structure Structure
Petrology Petrology
Contribution to Andes Contribution to Andes
Interpretation Interpretation
Relation to Sierra Nevada Relation to Sierra Nevada
WHY COASTAL BATHOLITH? WHY COASTAL BATHOLITH?
CB Major plutonic CB Major plutonic
phase of Mesozoic phase of Mesozoic
magmatism in Peru. magmatism in Peru.
Typical of Western Typical of Western
American batholiths. American batholiths.
100 100- -37Ma 37Ma
Start of major plutonic Start of major plutonic
activity that continued activity that continued
up until 3Ma with up until 3Ma with
Cordillera Blanca Cordillera Blanca
Batholith Batholith
GEOLOGICAL SETTING GEOLOGICAL SETTING
Intruded into rifted continental margin Intruded into rifted continental margin
parallel to today parallel to today s trench. s trench.
Albian volcanogenic marginal basin, along Albian volcanogenic marginal basin, along
major crustal, extensional lineament. major crustal, extensional lineament.
(1600km long.) (1600km long.)
Basinal systems related to continental Basinal systems related to continental
margin extension which started in margin extension which started in
Jurassic. Jurassic.
Uplifted in Upper Cretaceous and Lower Uplifted in Upper Cretaceous and Lower
Tertiary. Tertiary.
TECTONIC SETTING TECTONIC SETTING CRUSTAL ROCK CRUSTAL ROCK
Marginal rifting in Albian marginal basin Marginal rifting in Albian marginal basin
and crustal dilation. and crustal dilation.
Basin filled in with basaltic lavas, sills, Basin filled in with basaltic lavas, sills,
hyaloclasts, turbidites and gabbros: dense hyaloclasts, turbidites and gabbros: dense
materials. materials.
Basin inverted and batholith intruded. Basin inverted and batholith intruded.
Shallow melting of Albian basin basaltic fill Shallow melting of Albian basin basaltic fill
produced CB magmas produced CB magmas- - derived from NEW derived from NEW
basaltic material. basaltic material.
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STRUCTURE STRUCTURE PETROLOGY PETROLOGY
Calk Calk- -alkaline suite, dominated by Tonalites. Also alkaline suite, dominated by Tonalites. Also
some diorites, some diorites, grano grano- -diorites, and granites. diorites, and granites.
Grouped into Super Units e.g. Santa Rosa Grouped into Super Units e.g. Santa Rosa
Tonalite: 2/3 of batholith. Tonalite: 2/3 of batholith.
Super units show basic Super units show basic- -acid sequence related to acid sequence related to
fractionation. fractionation.
Bimodal magmatism characteristic of many Bimodal magmatism characteristic of many
cordilleran batholiths. cordilleran batholiths.
Zoned tonalite super units typically rich in plag, Zoned tonalite super units typically rich in plag,
cpx and hornblende cpx and hornblende zircon. zircon.
I type basalts and island arc andesites: wedge I type basalts and island arc andesites: wedge
derived magmas. derived magmas.
CONTRIBUTION TO ANDES CONTRIBUTION TO ANDES
CB started the plutonic addition stage of CB started the plutonic addition stage of
the Andes 100mya that continued pass the Andes 100mya that continued pass
the CB through the Cordilleran Blanco the CB through the Cordilleran Blanco
Batholith to 3Ma. Batholith to 3Ma.
Consists of multiple plutons (estimates up Consists of multiple plutons (estimates up
to 1000), all of a thin, tabular structure to 1000), all of a thin, tabular structure
that added a thin veneer to the crust. that added a thin veneer to the crust.
Growth by intrusion and under plating, Growth by intrusion and under plating,
caused great crustal thickening. caused great crustal thickening.
INTERPRETATION INTERPRETATION
I type magmas that show an eastward I type magmas that show an eastward
change in composition and isotopic change in composition and isotopic
signature, related to increase in signature, related to increase in
continental crust component. continental crust component.
Increase K Increase K
2 2
0 and incompatible element 0 and incompatible element
abundances. Indicates increasingly abundances. Indicates increasingly
enriched continental mantle rather than enriched continental mantle rather than
depth. depth.
Migration towards the interior of continent Migration towards the interior of continent
related to subduction direction. related to subduction direction.
RELATION TO SIERRA NEVADA RELATION TO SIERRA NEVADA
SN U. Jurassic SN U. Jurassic- -
Cretaceous. Cretaceous.
Similar aspect ratios as Similar aspect ratios as
CB. CB.
Similar processes for Similar processes for
room room- -making making in crust for in crust for
intrusions. intrusions.
Extensional processes Extensional processes
more dominant for CB. more dominant for CB.
Similar zoning patterns Similar zoning patterns
seen in both batholiths. seen in both batholiths.
QUESTIONS? & REFERENCES QUESTIONS? & REFERENCES
Atherton MP, 1990. The Coastal Batholith of Atherton MP, 1990. The Coastal Batholith of
Peru Peru- -The product of rapid recycling of new crust The product of rapid recycling of new crust
formed within rifted continental formed within rifted continental- -margin. margin.
Geological Journal 25(3 Geological Journal 25(3- -4) 337 4) 337- -349. 349.
Atherton MP & Petford N, 1996. Plutonism and Atherton MP & Petford N, 1996. Plutonism and
the growth of the Andean Crust at 9 the growth of the Andean Crust at 9 S from S from
100Ma to 3Ma. Journal of South American Earth 100Ma to 3Ma. Journal of South American Earth
Sciences 9 (1/2) 1 Sciences 9 (1/2) 1- -9. 9.
Goeke, 2002. Goeke, 2002.
http://snebulos.mit.edu/home/egoeke/lectures/p http://snebulos.mit.edu/home/egoeke/lectures/p
et/chp18 et/chp18- -2.pdf 2.pdf
Haederle M & Atherton MP, 2002. Shape and Haederle M & Atherton MP, 2002. Shape and
intrusion style of the Coastal Batholith, Peru. intrusion style of the Coastal Batholith, Peru.
Tectonophysics 345 17 Tectonophysics 345 17- -28. 28.
Winter JD, 2001. An introduction to Igneous and Winter JD, 2001. An introduction to Igneous and
Metamorphic Petrology. Prentice Hall. Metamorphic Petrology. Prentice Hall.