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operating systems
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This article presents a timeline of events in the history of computer operating systems from 1954 to 2008. For a narrative
explaining the overall developments, see the History of operating systems.

Contents
1 1950s
2 1960s
3 1970s
4 1980s
5 1990s
6 2000s
7 See also
8 External links
9 References

1950s
1954
MIT's operating system made for UNIVAC 1103[1]
1955
General Motors Operating System made for IBM 701[2]
1956
GM-NAA I/O for IBM 704, based on General Motors Operating System
1959
SHARE Operating System, based on GM-NAA I/O

1960s
1960
IBSYS
1961
CTSS
MCP (Burroughs Large Systems)
1962
GCOS
1964
EXEC 8
OS/360 (Announced)
TOPS-10
Dartmouth Time Sharing System
1965
Multics (Announced)
OS/360 (Shipped)
Tape Operating System (TOS)
1966
DOS/360 (IBM)
MS/8
1967
ACP (IBM)
CP/CMS
ITS
WAITS
1968
TSS-8 (PDP-8)
THE multiprogramming system
1969
TENEX
Unix
RC 4000 Multiprogramming System
Multics (opened for paying customers in October[3])

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1970s
1970
DOS-11 (PDP-11)
1971
RSTS-11 2A-19 (First released version; PDP-11)
OS/8
1972
MFT
MVT
RDOS
SVS
VM/CMS
1973
Alto OS
RSX-11D
RT-11
VME
1974
MVS (MVS/XA)
DOS-11 V09-20C (Last stable release, June 1974)
SINTRAN III
1975
BS2000
1976
CP/M
TOPS-20
Cray Operating System
1977
FLEX
TRS-DOS
Virtual Memory System (VMS) V1.0 (Initial commercial release, October 25)
1978
Apple DOS
HDOS 1.0
TripOS
UCSD p-System (First released version)
Lisp Machine (CADR)
1979
Atari DOS
POS
NLTSS

1980s
1980
OS-9
86-DOS
SOS
Pilot (Xerox Star operating system)
Xenix
1981
PC-DOS
MS-DOS
Business Operating System
Acorn MOS
Aegis SR1 (First Apollo/DOMAIN systems shipped on March 27[4])
1982
Commodore DOS
LDOS (By Logical Systems, Inc. - For the Radio Shack TRS-80 Models I, II & III)
SunOS (1.0)
Ultrix
1983
Lisa Office System 7/7
Coherent
Novell NetWare (S-Net)

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ProDOS
1984
Macintosh OS (System 1.0)
MSX-DOS
Sinclair QDOS
QNX
UNICOS
1985
AmigaOS
Atari TOS
MIPS OS
Oberon
Microsoft Windows 1.0 (First Windows)
1986
AIX 1.0
GS-OS
HP-UX
GEOS
1987
Arthur
IRIX (3.0 is first SGI version)
MINIX
OS/2 (1.0)
Microsoft Windows 2.0
1988
A/UX (Apple Computer)
RISC iX
LynxOS
Macintosh OS (System 6)
MVS/ESA
OS/400
TOPS-10 7.04 (Last stable release, July 1988)
1989
EPOC
NEXTSTEP (1.0)
RISC OS (First release was to be called Arthur 2, but was renamed to RISC OS 2, and was first sold as RISC OS
2.00 in April 1989)
SCO Unix (Release 3)

1990s
1990
AmigaOS 2.0
BeOS (v1)
OSF/1
Windows 3.0
AIX 3.0
1991
Linux (basis of free Unix-like operating system distributions) (distribution timeline)
Macintosh OS (System 7)
MINIX 1.5
1992
386BSD 0.1
AmigaOS 3.0
RSTS/E 10.1 (Last stable release, September 1992)
Solaris 2.0 (Successor to SunOS 4.x; based on SVR4 instead of BSD)
OpenVMS V1.0 (First OpenVMS AXP (Alpha) specific version, November 1992)
Windows 3.1
1993
Plan 9 (First Edition)
FreeBSD
NetBSD
Windows NT 3.1 (First version of NT)
1994
AIX 4.0
1995
Digital UNIX (aka Tru64 UNIX)
OpenBSD

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OS/390
Ultrix 4.5 (Last major release)
Windows 95
1996
Mac OS 7.6 (First officially-named Mac OS)
Windows NT 4.0
1997
Inferno
Mac OS 8
SkyOS
MINIX 2.0
1998
Solaris 7 (First 64-bit Solaris release. Names from this point drop "2.", otherwise would've been Solaris 2.7)
Windows 98
RT-11 5.7 (Last stable release, October 1998)
1999
AROS (Boot for the first time in Stand Alone version)
Mac OS 9
Windows 98 Second Edition

2000s
Date Windows Mac Red Hat Ubuntu Others
Windows 2000 (first of the Windows server
operating systems to drop the 'NT' AtheOS, MorphOS, Solaris
Red Hat
2000 designation),Windows Me (last of the Windows 8, HP-UX 11i (11.11),
Linux 6.2E
9x line of operating systems to be produced and Debian 2.2
sold)
Windows XP (succeeded Windows Me and
Mac OS Haiku (operating system)
Windows 2000, successfully merging the
X v10.0 (formerly known as Open
2001 'professional' NT line of desktop operating
and BeOS, began development),
systems with the 'home' 9x line of operating
v10.1 z/OS,AIX 5.1
systems)
2001-
AmigaOS 4.0
05
2001-
eComStation 1.0 (July 10)
07
OS/2 4.52 (latest IBM
2001- version, released for both
12 desktop and server
systems)
Mac OS
2002 Windows XP 64-bit Edition Syllable, Solaris 9, AIX 5.2
X v10.2
Red Hat
2002-
Enterprise
03
Linux 2.1 AS
2002-
Debian 3.0
07
2002-
Windows XP Service Pack 1
09
2003-
Windows Server 2003
04
Red Hat
2003-
Enterprise
05
Linux 2.1 ES
2003-
HP-UX 11i v2 (11.23)
09
Red Hat
2003- Mac OS
Enterprise
10 X v10.3
Linux 3
2004- Ubuntu
04 4.10

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2004-
Windows XP Service Pack 2 AIX 5.3
08
2005-
Solaris 10
01
Red Hat
2005-
Enterprise
02
Linux 4
2005- Mac OS Ubuntu
04 X v10.4 5.04
2005-
Debian 3.1
06
2005- Ubuntu
10 5.10
2006- SymbOS, MINIX 3.1.2
05 (May 8)
Ubuntu
2006-
6.06
06
(LTS)
2006-
Windows Vista
07
2006- Ubuntu
10 6.10
2007 BS2000/OSD v7.0
Red Hat
2007-
Enterprise
03
Linux 5
2007- Ubuntu
Debian 4.0
04 7.04
2007-
HP-UX 11i v3 (11.31)
09
2007- Mac OS Ubuntu
10 X v10.5 7.10
2007-
AIX 6.1
11
2008- Windows Vista Service Pack 1, Windows Server
02 2008
2008- Singularity 1.1 (initial
03 public release, March 4)
Ubuntu
2008-
Windows XP Service Pack 3 8.04
04
(LTS)
2008-
OpenSolaris 2008.05
05

See also
List of operating systems
Timeline of Linux distributions

External links
http://www.levenez.com/unix/ -- Timeline of UNIX 1969 and its descendants at present
Concise Microsoft O.S. Timeline -- A color-coded concise timeline for various Microsoft operating systems (1981 -
present)
Bitsavers, an effort to capture, salvage, and archive historical computer software and manuals from minicomputers and
mainframes of the 50s, 60s, 70s, and 80s
A brief history of operating systems

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References
1. ^ MIT's (the world's?) first Operating System (1954)
2. ^ EARLY OPERATING SYSTEMS
3. ^ Multics History
4. ^ Apollo/DOMAIN Computers

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Categories: Operating systems | Computing timelines

This page was last modified on 24 June 2008, at 10:14.


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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operating_systems_timeline 08.07.2008