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Unit 3 Global Interactions

Regents Review
Mr. Cincotta
Aim
A. Early Japanese history and feudalism
B. The rise and fall of the Mongols and their impact on Eurasia.
C. Rise and fall of African civilizations: Ghana, Mali, Axum, and Songhai
empires
D. Social, economic, and political impacts of the plague on Eurasia and
Africa
E. Renaissance and humanism
F. Reformation and Counter Reformation
G. The rise and impact of European nation-states/decline of feudalism.
England - Elizabeth I
I. Early Japan and Feudalism
1. Archipelago- chain of islands.
A. Geography
2.
Very Mountainous
B. Belief Systems
1.Shintoism- traditional Japanese religion.
a. Kami- spirits are found in all living things.


C. Feudalism is an economic, political and social system where people exchange
loyalty for protection.
Shogun (military dictator)
Daimyo
Samurai
Peasants/Artisans
Merchants
real power
lords
warriors
EMPEROR
LAND for LOYALTY

1. Forbid foreigners or traveling.
2. JAPAN ISOLATED.
D. Tokugawa Shogunate
II. Rise and fall of the Mongols
Who: The Mongols were a group of nomads

Where: Central Asia in an area called the steppes.
What: Genghis Khan (World Emperor) Temujin-
Excellent horsemen and fighters.
Adapted new military technology. Bowmen & Stirrups
Impact
Empire builders or destroyers of civilizations?
Conquered China- Yuan Dynasty Kublai Khan
Isolated Russia
Pax Mongolia
Marco Polo traveled to China
Trade increased
III. Rise and fall of African civilizations: Ghana,
Mali, Axum, and Songhai empires
A. Geography
1. North Africa
2. Sahara
3. Sub Saharan
B. Bantu Migration
1. Avoid desertification of Sahara
2. Spread Language
C. Gold and Salt was most important product traded.
Sahara Savanna
(Gold) (Salt)
D. 3 Trading Kingdoms in West Africa
Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
1 Trading kingdom of East Africa
Axum
USE OF CARAVANS
Mansa Musa Mali Mecca Muslim
IV. Black Death
Bubonic Plague
25 million died in Europe
Spread through trade routes
Depopulation
decline of feudalism-serfs fled manor for new opportunities
V. Renaissance and Humanism
Golden age of western Europe-achievements in art, literature, and
science
Re-birth of Greek and Roman culture
Began in Italy due to wealth and spread north
Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael
Machiavelli wrote "The Prince" which was a guide book to rulers.
The end justifies the means
Humanism-new of thinking. Individualism
VI Protestant Reformation
Religious revolution that challenged the authority of the church
Angry about indulgences
Key figures:
Martin Luther(95 thesis)
Henry VIII (Anglican Church)
John Calvin(Predestination)
Printing Press helped spread ideas
VII. Rise of Nation States
A. During the late Middle Ages, kings slowly started to increase
their power.
This marks the beginning of feelings of nationalism- pride and
devotion to one's nation

B. A nation...
geographically defined area
all people share a common culture
one central government
Elizabeth I (England)
King John was forced to sign the Magna Carta (Great Charter)
monarch must obey the law
monarch can not raise taxes unless he checks with the Great Council
England now has a
constitutional monarchy - a
king whose powers are limited