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ARCHAEOLOGISCHE

MI EILUNGEN
AU IRAN
HERAUSGEGEBEN VOM
DEUTSCHEN ARCHAOLOGISCHEN INSTITUT
ABTEILUNG TEHERAN
BAND 1.7
1994
DIETRICH REIMER VERLAG BERLIN


ARCHAEOLOGISCHE
MITTEILUNGEN
AUS IRAN
IIERAUSGEGEBEN VOM
DEUTSCIIEN ARCHAOLOGISCIIEN INSTITUT
ABTEILUNG TEHERAt\
Band 27
199,
R \G V(lN DIETRICII REI,\II R 11\. BI RU, Vb Lf J .
, .... , \ral\; ... :-.11
(.ch ..
....l iUI d P,w.lr.uon:
, .' ,dfO'S'" "r
. - r-lmc,"
. 0 .....
Pro' ,- , ---he'
Atdlio og''''
DcUI>C....... n. I
0-1.419' ...... In
_. . -nd urhcbcrrhtlith gr;SChiitzl. AlIe Rechte,
Du III dc. Zci :schnfc ,'efOffcnthchtCfl S1
h
C ,c'I"n Kein Teil dieser Zeil$Chnfl
Cbe n frcmae pnc CfI, ,'0''''''''' . .
1bcsondcr< dCf ",,!:lUng 'd\' b cs in irgendciner Form - dutch PhOlokopce,
,urf K Khnflhcilc Gcnchm'gllng cs cr. god' . . \b.sehlncn insbewnderc:
<, __ L \',rfahren _ ..... roduzcen er m cme \0.. .
\llk"," fI1 """r lnucre -r n:I
.rot! \c ....' .. endb:ire Sprac"" ubcnngen " .. e CfI ..
.\ucll die Rcchle del \'f icdcrglbc dur<h \'onng. Funk und FemsehCfldung, Im Mmgncllonver
bhrm oder iihnhcb:m \'Ccgc blcibcn volbch.l.hen. .
\'hocok"plcn rur den pe"oolichen oder s.onsligen cigenen Gebrauch diirfcn nu. von emzclnen
Ilcitralltll oder Tcikn dUillIS in Emzdkopic:n hergcslclll ""crden. Jede Irn Ik!elch emes gcwerh-
hthon L'mcmehmo:ns he.gcscclhe ode. bcniilZle Kopie dienl J:ewerbhchcn gem. S 6"
(1) l:lhG und Hrpfliehcel nn Gebiihrennhlung an die VG \VORT, Wcssc:nschafl,
GocIhcscrallc 49. IOH6 von der die einzdnen ZahlunJ:smotblllaten zu erfr.tgcn
.. Rd.
"'lle Rcehle vorbehalten
r 19')6 Diemch Rcimcr VerlilJ:. Ikllin
Dr. Fnedrich KluflYllnn
l:nle. den F.ichc:n 11
0'1110\ Be.lin
ISS:\ oo(,(,-60H
Printed in Gcmu.ny
INHALTSVERZEICHNIS
PETER CALMEYI ;R M h "
etamotp Oscn lfamscher Denkmii ler (Taf. (1)
NATAI.IA M. VINOGRADOVA The F . .
stan) in the Late Bronze Age .. . " . . ... of, (South Tadjikl.
,
H<?R1ST ?,cdanken lUT Rckonstruktion des Gebiiudes Kord;a r Te ......
'9
In mnl sc \'V'est-Azerba'dpn . .. . ........ . .. ............. r- IV
URSULA SElDL Ocr Thran van To kk [ E" .... .... ..
6- 2 3) ..... . . .' . . . ... .. .. ... .... .. . . 10 ncuer Rekonstfuktionsversuch (Taf.
1\. SHAPUR SHABAZI, PcrscpoJi s and the Avesta ....... ... . ..
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GALO. W. VER. A C. I-IAMAZA, Ocr VIIl . Feldzug S" gons 11. E,'n,
PI Unt ersuchung zu
o luk und hl sto nscher Gcographi c des spiilen 8. J hs. v.Chr. (Teil I) .... . .. .
.. ........ .
MICHAEL HELTZER, Mo rdekhai and Demaratos and t he Question of Hi storicity .. .
STEF AN ZA WAOZKI, The First Persian J ourney of Itti-Marduk-baHitu. . . ... .
AN ZA WADZKI, Bardi ya, Darius and Babylonian Usurpers in the Light of the
Blsltun Inscriptio n and Babylonian Sources ...... . ......... .
" .
BURCHARD BRENTJES, O rtband, Rolltier und Vielfrall Beobacht ungcn zu r .. skythi-
schen" Akinakes-Zier (Taf. 24) . .. . .... . .. . ..... . ..... ... ...... . .. . . .
WOLFRAM KLEI SS, Istakhr und Umgebung Archiiologischc Beobachtungcn und
Befunde (Taf. 2j 32) .. . .. . . ... .. .. . . ... . . ....... . ......... .... . ...... .
ANTONIO INVERNIZZI , Die hell eni sti schen Gru ndlagen der fruhpart hischen KunSI
(Tar. 33 38) ....... , . . .... . ... . . .. .. .. ... ... . ............ . .............
WOLFRAM KLEISS, Beobachrungen in der Umgebung \'on Dodehak (Tar. 39-41,1) ... .
MARTIN SCHOTTKY, DunkJe Punkte in der :ttmeni schen Konigsli ste (Tar. 41,}) ..... .
GAGIK SARKISJAN, Eine Rekons truktion der Ar meniens nach dem
49
9'
"9
"l
"7
'47
,6,
, 9 '
'0,
"l
scleukidischcn astrono mi schen Tagebuch BM 34791 . . . . . . ............. .. ... . . In
WOLFRAM KLEISS, Brucken und Damme in Nord-, Wesr- und Sud westirnn V (Tar.
42 -- f7) ................................. .. ..... . . .... . . 1.4t
A. TAFAZZOLI/ E. SHEIKH- AL-HOKAMAYI, The Pahlavi Funerary Inscription from
Mashtan (Kazerun III) (Tar. j8,1) .............. ......... .. . .. .. 16S
WOLFRAM KLEISS, Runde Burganlagen in Zentral-Irnn (Tar. j 8, 2 64,! ) .. . , , ,
WASSILIOS KLEIN/JORGEN TUBACH, Einc s)"rische Inschrift :IUS Nihapur/ I ran (Tar.
WOLFRJ\M KLEISS, Die Ruinen von Diz bei Vananeh (Taf. 6, 69) . .. ... . . " ,
WOLFRJ\t .. f KLEISS, Die safavidische Palastanlage \'on T:idjiib:id (Tar. 70--7') .
'"
_ Sh"lh ';\hi).l<il
. _ niches Pal;us \'on. .
-do-bad cm ];JOt
_ -S"'R Ta ,a .
1""". , , ' h Zcit aut
ro;;CIIEY se . . . ' I q,d,-lrLS( cn .
-,'FBtlRl. I. ' 1r:t!3cn
1:\' . -"b 96) Ka"-wancns
T t .. :.
I
, butcnan .. '_
1. J. 5 ,1 ... - _' Sketchc'
\\ KLElhSS. (Taf. 9
7
-
10 3
) .' porter' s .\lbum with h iS
cn f Sir Ro berl
det ltfltrl. ;' " On the History 0 (Tar. 10 4 - Ill ) . .
-...:1' \ E \ A::iIL
L
\. nian :-'Ionum
cnrs
. '.' .l,.chaCIIlcnid and . he Bibliogr:lphic 199} .
01 . . R \rchi ologlsC
ERC
'L\IE\E. . . , _ .
PET ." !'\IS . . . .. . . .
'




\\9
"9
lIS
PETER CAUnH,R
MI T ,\ MORPHOSEN IRANISCHER
"Sich,\ du dit"c Fnu don, 1ic 1st tine gC"'I'!.!: CIu,_
louc Co. day und dll andc.t is! .'brat, tin .\bnn, dc
sic untcrhic:11 und den lie: In ihrc:r Bade",anne ermor-
dele, MAn rnllB doch ngen, daB IlIe dicsc umerhalte.
nen Weiber sind", Hippolyte Taine laBt
einen Soldalen dies lU Kamera.
den sagen, .ie Iur dtm rornisehen Kapllol
vor einer Judilh rn'l dcm lhupI de, Holorcrnes !Ichen'
und bernerkt dUll: "cs handcll ,ich urn Gcschiehtc
so wic aie wird, wenn lic in dcn Gc:hirncn du Volkc:s
ausJlcarbeilcl, VCrUn$laltCt und ,"crgroben wird".
M iBi nterpretationen auf Grund poli tischer Vor-
eingenommenheit oder pnziser : eines neuen,
politischen Mythos und des Verlustes eines ilte-
ren waren in Menge beizubringen. Ein be-
kannt cs Beispiel der klassischen Wdt ist der Be-
ri cht liber das sogenanme Grabmal des Sardana-
pallos in Anchiale bei Ta rsus und in Ninus:
Letzteres t rage in assyrischen Zeichen die Auf-
fo rde rung: "iB, (rink und vergniige Dich; denn
alles Andere ist nicht HQS wen" womu er
das Schnalzen mit den Fingern gemeint habe,
das auf der Stde dargestelh gewesen sei (Aristo-
bulos ap. Athenaios XII HOC, mit mehreren
Variant en). Wie schon Ed. Meyer gesehen hat,
wird hi er cinc typisch neuassyrische Siegesstde
beschrieben2, auf der der Konig die Gonersym .
bole mil ausgestrecklem Finger verehn1. Die
Variante des Choirilos (ap. ;\Ihenaios XII
P9f): "lch wurde K6nig, und wahrend ich das
Licht der Sonne schaule, lrank. aB und liebte
ich", spiell 5ieher auf die Pliigdsonne des Sha-
mash an, die meist vor dem betenden Herrscher
erscheim, dem seinerseils geopfert wird (z.B.
Abb. I).
Solche "Lcsungen" von beteils unlesbar gewor.
denen Insehriften sind bei den Grieehen nicht
sellen und rnanchmal ",id naheT an clef \X"ahr-
1 Rcisc in hahen. ObeR. \., r: Hard! (O!Cde";dts 191>1)
141.
1 Fonchungcn alten Cin.:hlchlc I {119 lj IOlff. die
\'orbildcr miium cine Sleic in (,.Kluu.land") unci
ein Bild mil gefl.ltC1cn Handen tn Anchialc ( .. kblKhmd'
ge""cscn stin; F_ \"("ciBbach, RE III l4\6ff.
1 B. bndsberfl:er, der Alloricnuhschcn Ge.
stllschar, [\,=FS. B, ('919) '94ff.; Gruber.
JANES 6, 1974, 7)ff.; l/. Auj"nKM: J..:onlJl:sdar-
mllunfl:en - Aspckte del Hcmchar,= aaF IX ('9'6) 411'1.
dcr Genu, des ,,n.:'Ii,It".III', - Auch da. au( dem Ocnlurul
in Anchillc bcKhricbene .,Hlindcklanchen" ha, E. "C)'Cf
richtig gcdcuIC1, wcnn .uch mu c",em lU alten Bc"p,cf
illuslncn; vgl. ;CUl cbd. ,J..:onig mil 'cr.
5chn>nktcn (vor Gouem).
I"

I
I"

Abb. , .
-b . ,'ii.n,o""lc und ...ci Goltenund,nen In del :-.;.he de,
. . p. t n It ,en 'or elne "'v.... . ill
Salmanaun Ill . mu z ...c' nc. er . a b:tnd auS a.Ia ..... t UnT. Zelchnunll B. Se
V.nsccl ( Mlgcnl ,I Tar I ). Von c,nem ronu ,
A. TAI'AZZOi.I/E. !.lIf.1t.: II -'L
"
1 \HI.AVI
I'UNERARY INSCRIPTIOI';
(KAZER UN 111)1

(Taf.ll,l)
In (he summer of 1994 in the cOurse of plough-
ing a field near It village called Mashtan I km
10 the south of Kiizc:run. a large semi-cylindrical
stone was unearthed, which seems to have been
the lid of a 10sI Zoroastrian OSSUlI.q,2 (Taf. 18.1 j
t\bb. I). It is simil:lr IQ another lid di scovered
in 1988 in the: vicinity of the Parishan river),
nOI far from the same localit y. In recent years
a number of Sasanian and Arabo-Sasanian coins
have been unearthed in the area, and future ar-
chaeological excavations in ils small hills arc
likely !O result in interesting discoveries. The
stone lid in gucstion in its present stale: measu-
res 87 cm in length and 7 cm in thickness. Its
original width may be cstimat ed to have been
68 cm. At its bottom there is a semi-circular
knob (10 x Il cm), which apparently served as
a handle for lifting the lid. Plausibly it had a
counterpart of identical shape on its upper pan,
....bb. 1. t''''Nmcm of an OSSIIaf)' Jid
now l.ost. The longest survi\'ing line of the in.
SCrlptlon, the lut one, rnasures II <m r .
d' h .
erlng t e remaining it is rasonable 10
Ihat each line of the inscription in Its
anginal stale was about 1) cm long.
Ihe upper and the lefl side of
the stone puts of the inscription are
broken and 10sl. An examination of the brak
proves Ihat the is b), no mans recent
and therefore there is no hope of finding Ihe
missing pam. The sediment on its concne sur-
face indicates Ih3t the lid was used for yars
as a cistern called Jut in the 10C1I1 dialect. The
stone lid is now preserved in the collection of
inscriptions belonging to the Office of the Pious
Foundations of Kazeron.
The P"hl"vi inscription IS in cursive scnpt,
beautifully engraved by 3 skilled engrner. II
seems to have had originall)' len lines, Ihe firsl
two lines being lost.
TRANSLITERATION
I [ZNH
, I Y 1
1 Y
4 bl;tl fl'f;:IW'W'N'I'J
, BYRH 11
6 y SNIT ?I
.\ T.HAZZoui"
., \.JI [plmwt'
.'i krrn t YI
IJ "'Il' n r zn
H. :"Y$H 1['lIl
TR :\i'\SL\ TlO;-':
[Thl' rcsting-pbcc was ordcred] to.be bui lt
I? 5()n of?) mar (paradise be tllS] I.m - In
the month I ?J, th_c rc:l r I?] 7. for (hIs) wIfe
p, daughtcr] off..:u(harzi
hanz
.

L
I The restitution of the words Z.vl-l 'ipl/
ill <llb.:r is made O"n thc analogy of Pah-
!-\'I insenptlom 4
It secms that this missing linc contained
the name and the parronym of the person who
ordered the ossuary.
L iu ;: The word hhl/bahr, Iot' (1.4) makes the
rcstitution il u. h,il/ 'paradise' here certain.
The 'ormula 1l'<lh,JI bohr 'hning paradise as
)ne' lot' is frequentl\" in other funerar\"
" "
inscriptions, e.g. Bishapur I, I.] 5; Tang-e Jelow
DjcJo), 1.7.8
6
; Tut-e Thus I, 1.8-9, 11,1.7 ,
IV,I.]-; PasargadaeC, 1.1z8; Kiizerun I, 1.49.
Lillf 4: After bq/ the verb Y IfIFlFN' I/boll'idl
'may be' seems to be missing.
Lillt I:, Following the word BYRHlmihj
monlh the name of it is missing.
Lint 6: There was probably enough space
follo .. ing SNT/JJ// 'year' for a figure 10, zo,
100 etc.
I.ln, 7: The figure 7 apparemly indic.ating the
date of thc awar of rh- d d b
. ." eCC3se, 0 -
to era of Yazdg d 6
AD Ir , I.e 39
" : If i! IS not preceded by another
this inSCription IS the next Pahlavi fune:
rar; Inscrtption bearing a date so far discovered
10 Iran the old t c_ h
' es Ul;lng t e Inscnpuon of Eqlid
darcd tr, the 6th vear of '" "d "d "
I . az glr , I.e. 638
A.D. FO\J(),,"lnJ!: thc figure 7, the ,erb I
jr.z",,;,J/ ordered' govcrning (hc fu\Ju ...... in
niri\"e espectcd.
Lln( 8' The krln'IJ:..lrd((l1/ mak
build'
is certain. inlin!l.i\'e n Ih( pre
\"ious ,crb jr,I11u.J. r he jruf1Iiid k.rria"
i5 anested in other funerary Inscriptions
e.g. :axl_cThus.(lslakhr) I. 1.7.11, 1.6, Iil, 1. .. --
\, 1\,1. 6711; blhd, 1.10 tIll; Tal-e Sefid
I.-I IJ. The name of the deceased seems to ha\";
followed after this word.
Lillt 9: hl'z'n', knz'n' o r krz'n' Seem to be the:
Ihre:e possible readings of the word, which is
apparently il parronym. To the best of m).
knowledge it is not attested
Lin, 10: The reading Nl'S /-Ilz/l1 . woman
,
wife' is certai n, although the shape of the liga_
tureyf is somehow different from the one used
in Book Pahlnvi. The letter J has dents instead
of having semi-circular shapc. The same word
with ident ical shape occurs in the inscription
of Bishapur I. l.t, where the reading NPSHI
XIl'if! 'onc's own' tentatively p roposed by de
Menasee 14 impossible, since the small loop
of che letter p is on the left side of its semi-circle:,
A. T.1.f:a.aoli( 197-98 .1.nd refcrence. given there. In the
lines I and I i the word should be
Innsltfenled as "pI and Inn5Cribed as
.'ilf < "'p.'.3r,
J. de In5CriplioM pchle\"ies en ccrilu.e ",niH.
JA 144, '916, .417. Sce also C. Gropp in, \'(" Hin2, Alii",ni
5che Funde und Forschungen ('969) 119.
G. Gropp, Ikriehl iiber eine Reise in We.t und $iidinl".
N.F. j, 1970, 10"
1 Groppl 119""60.
I D. SnOIl.1.ch, ('978) 164; Ph. Gillnoux.lpud
R. STir 7, '978, I' t (in5eriplion A according to
Gignoull).
'A. H.1.55U.i, Two Pahla\'i inscription
l

tH, '984,91-,.
In R.:-":. Frye, Funen.)' inscriplions in Pahl"'i froll1 Fait
in: eds. Boyee/I. Genhe\'ilch",,\X'. 8 . Henning .\krno
rW
Volume (London '970) 111-6; Groppl, 137-4
1
.
11 Gropp! 118-60.
U Grol'P' In-oil, ..
11 P.c:" Slr.j;l:O'u, In: U. 5cidl, Die ellmi5Chcn Fel!;!;:
on I..::OlingOn und [)<:nk
l.iefg.ll,R.lIH{1916)l,. . nI
"d , '11 . rs,,e
e . lenascc 417. The ,ha"" tlf ..,\,PJ tn cu .L"
r-. .' IJ(Sflo'pu .
m.1.y ,.ell be seen ,n a (unnary m5Crlpllon from, ,hi.
I bl h " d' ",ph.e cl
4, pu cd b)' Ph. G,gnoull. 1'Ole, ept!t ..un
,mire salnnid"s tn' cd. P. 8ader Cl 11. J.
qun u(fcT\S a f.:mlle Iknvcnt lte, {P.1.ns PJ7I) .. 1 i
Till'. PAIII.AVI "UNF.ItAIU INSr.ItIPTION I'".,
1 MA\II
Il)
in thl
ihe same ,J,. ,rd
by\'\; I I
word it is un the right side.
C Hrcctly rcad and inlcrpreted
c ,led in a Pahlavi
The 0 lac' _ann!' Ihe Pahla\"1 inscription
to lave hi en ordered by somebody for
his wife. t3ul a$ the uoiil boh, mar indi_
(2.le. he secms 10 have died before her. If this
intcrpretation is correct, the ossuary must have
,6,
for h r d"
- aee"r 109', h h
) er JShand',
, Philadclphll E 16 I
and Pap)'rI. ("""'P' <4. Cl ok 1l(, ::..:a
IV-V. Ponfoho I (I')! ""I 11'lI'1U. Ill.
P:.pyri und 1)!"; _XI!." J) "hi '. (I "''.1.
I' ,,- C, JeJiIDl' r I "
rantc:arum, P:.n III V IV" V AI 'n M..".,
,0 - ('?')1) I
/1. T%'{zo/i
Unhtrsity 0/ Tthron
hUII"Y of Lmm
P.O. Box 'nn 1nl
Tajrish
Tlhroll Ij