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ENGINEERING STANDARD

Title: PIPING MATERIAL SPECIFICATION Standard No.... Doc. No...


Page : 1 of 15
Issue Date : December, 2011
Approvals: Sponsor Manager, Stationary Equipment Director, Specialty Engineering
Name: M.C. Donald A. Lincoln S. Stallone
Signature: on org file on org file on org file
Date: 2011-11-12 2011-11-12 2011-11-12
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SCOPE Page
1.0 SCOPE ....................... 2
2.0 CODES, STANDARDS AND REFERENCES ....................... 2
3.0 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS ....................... 3
3.1 Design Considerations ....................... 3
3.2 Line Class Notes ....................... 3
3.3 Item Descriptions ....................... 3
4.0 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS ....................... 3
4.1 Pipe ....................... 3
4.2 Fittings ....................... 3
4.3 Flanges ....................... 3
4.4 Branch Connections ....................... 3
4.5 Gaskets ....................... 3
4.6 Valves ....................... 3
4.7 Assembly Details ....................... 3
4.8 Testing and Examination ....................... 3
4.9 Pressure/Temperature Limits ....................... 3

ATTACHMENTS
5.0 Abbreviations for Piping Specifications ....................... 4
5.1 Valve Tag Numbering ....................... 5

ATTACHMENTS FIGURES
Fig. 5.2 Standard Installation Detail - Utility Station - ....................... 6
Fig. 5.2.1 Special Fabricated Larger Diameter Reducers ....................... 7
Fig. 5.2.2 Four Weld 90 LR Miter Elbow ....................... 8
Fig. 5.2.3 Four Weld 45 LR Miter Elbow ....................... 9
Fig. 5.2.4 Perforated Temporary Conical Strainers ....................... 10
Fig. 5.2.5 T-Type Strainers ....................... 11
Fig. 5.2.6 Drip Rings ....................... 12
Fig. 5.2.7 Product Sampler Cooler ....................... 13
Fig. 5.2.8 Tolerances for Pipe Fabrication ....................... 14
Fig. 5.2.9 Marking of Line Blinds & Spectacle Blinds ....................... 15
1.0 SCOPE
1.1 This Standard contains the basic information for piping material and Valve
specifications. The actual specifications are contained in Piping Material and Valve
Specifications Manuals, available in the "Client" Intranet system. The Piping Material
and Valve Specifications are considered a part of this Standard and shall be used in
conjunction with this Standard.
1.1.1 These specifications are intended to supplement the full technical requirements
defined in accordance with the "Client" Standards referenced below.
1.2 Where approvals are indicated in this Standard, this refers to "Client" or its
designated representative, hereinafter referred to as "Client".
1.3 Any discrepancy between this Standard and other contract or procurement
documents or specification, unless specifically indicated as an exception, shall be
submitted by the Contractor/Manufacturer/Supplier to "Client" for a written ruling.
1.4 All measurements are expressed in U.S. Conventional System of Measurement,
followed by, in parenthesis, the equivalent SI units (metric). All SI units are for
reference only and shall not be interpreted as a precise conversion.
1.5 Any proposed deviations from this Standard shall be submitted in writing to "Client"
for review and approval. It is the responsibility of the individual(s) who request
deviation to submit a request form in a timely manner, and in accordance with "Client"
Procedure SEP 107B, Preparation of Addenda to and Deviations from "Client"
Engineering Standards.
2.0 CODES, STANDARDS AND REFERENCES
The latest editions of the following Codes and Standards in effect on the date of
contract award shall be used.
2.1 "Client" Engineering Standards and Guidelines
Doc. No... Piping
Doc. No... Flanges, Bolting and Gaskets
Doc. No... Piping Stress Analysis and Pipe Supports
Doc. No... Piping Layout Arrangement and Accessibility
Doc. No... Valves
Doc. No... Piping Systems for Gaseous Oxygen Service
Doc. No... Valve Procurement
Doc. No... Galvanizing
Doc. No... Coatings for Buried Steel Pipe
Doc. No... Welding of Pressure Vessels, Piping and Tankage
Doc. No... Temperature Instrumentation
Doc. No... Flange Bolt-Up
Doc. No... Substitutes for Asbestos Based Gasketing
Doc. No... Materials of Construction for Low Temperature Service
Doc. No... Materials of Construction (MOC) for General Services
2.2 American Petroleum Institute (API)
API 594 Wafer Check Valves
API 600 Steel Gate Valves, Flanged or Buttwelding Ends
API 602 Compact Carbon Steel Gate Valves
API 607 Fire Test for Soft-Seated Quarter Turn Valves
API 608 Metal Ball Valves
API 609 Butterfly Valves, Lug Type and Wafer Type
2.3 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ASME B1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General Purpose (inch)
ASME B16.5 Steel Pipe Flanges and Pipe Fittings
ASME B16.9 Wrought Steel Buttweld Fittings
ASME B16.10 Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimensions Ferrous Valves
ASME B16.11 Forged Steel Fittings Socketwelding and Threaded
ASME B16.20 Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges - Ring-Joint, Spiral Wound and
Jacketed
ASME B16.21 Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges
ASME B16.25 Buttwelding Ends
ASME B16.34 Steel Valves - Flanged and Buttwelding Ends
ASME B16.36 Orifice Flanges
ASME B16.47 Large Diameter Steel Flanges
ASME B16.48 Steel Line Blanks
ASME B31.1 Power Piping
ASME B31.3 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping
ASME B36.10 Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe
ASME B36.19 Stainless Steel Pipe
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Codes:
Section I Power Boilers
Section II Material Specifications
Section VIII Pressure Vessels, Division 1
2.4 Manufacturer Standard Society Practice (MSS)
MSS SP-25 MSS Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions
MSS SP-45 Bypass and Drain Connection Standard
2.5 Process Industry Practice (PIP)
PIP PNSM0001 Piping Line Class Designator System
3.0 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
3.1 Design Considerations
3.1.1 Unless otherwise noted in the specifications, all pressures and temperatures
referred to shall be considered Design Conditions. Design Conditions shall be as defined
in Doc. No....
3.1.2 Piping component wall thicknesses are based on pressure design thickness,
taking into account the specified corrosion allowance and any permitted manufacturer
under tolerance. Piping component wall thickness does not include additional thickness
that may be required to compensate for design considerations such as thermal loads
due to restraints, live loads, hydraulic shock, loads on underground pipe, or loads or
forces from other sources. Additional loads will need to be considered in the design of
piping systems.
3.1.3 Unless otherwise indicated in the specifications, piping components are specified
to be adequate for the full flange rating of the pressure class.
3.2 Line Class Notes
3.2.1 Each pipe specification contains specific numbered notes (in parenthesis) that
pertain to one individual component or to a group of components, as well as a list of
additional requirements that pertain to the entire specification.
3.2.2 Line class notes are provided in page 4 of this Standard. The information
contained in these notes shall be read and adhered to ensure compliance with the line
class specification.
3.3 Item Descriptions
3.3.1 The item descriptions on the individual line class are abbreviated, and may be
used for purchasing the item with the exception of Valves. Abbreviations are contained
in page 4 of this Standard.
3.2.2 The complete purchase description for Valves is contained in the Valve
specifications, and shall be followed to ensure compliance with the pipe specifications.
4.0 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
4.1 Pipe
4.1.1 Welded pipe shall not be substituted for seamless pipe. Seamless pipe may be
substituted for welded pipe in all services, sizes and materials.
4.1.2 Where "CALC" is specified for piping material wall thickness, the wall thickness
shall be calculated in accordance with the applicable ASME B31 Code.
4.1.3 Stainless steel, electric fusion welded (EFW) pipe (ASTM A 358) may be
substituted for ASTM A 312 EFW pipe for sizes 14 in. NPS and above.
4.1.4 Carbon steel seamless pipe, ASTM A 106B, may be substituted for ASTM A 53B,
Type S, and seamless pipe in all sizes.
4.1.5 Where joint factors are specified for pipe, these factors shall be taken as
minimum values. Use of pipe with joint factors in excess of these values is acceptable.
If pipe manufactured with a higher joint factor than listed on the specification is used,
the minimum joint factor listed on the specification shall be used when calculating wall
thicknesses of the pipe.
4.1.6 Double Submerged Arc Welded (DSAW) pipe shall be used for all EFW stainless
steel pipes. If DSAW pipe is not available, EFW pipe with a single butt joint having a
joint factor of 0.80 shall be used for 8 in. NPS and smaller.
4.2 Fittings
4.2.1 Welded fittings shall not be substituted for seamless fittings. Seamless fittings
may be substituted for welded fittings in all services, sizes and materials.
4.2.2 Dimensions of all fittings shall be in accordance with the industry standard
referenced on the individual specification.
4.2.3 Buttweld fittings shall have a wall thickness to match the wall thickness of the
adjoining pipe. Fittings of commercially available wall thickness shall be used even
though the fitting may have a slightly larger wall thickness than the adjoining pipe. The
ends of the fitting shall be taper bored if the thickness of the fittings exceeds that of the
pipe by more than 1/16 in. (1.6 mm). Taper boring shall not result in an infringement
on the minimum wall thickness.
4.2.4 Long radius elbows are required for all buttweld elbows. Short radius elbows
shall only be used with "Client" approval.
4.2.5 Use of Lokring Fittings
LOKRING fittings are generally recognized in the industry as a robust pressure
containing device that can be easily and quickly installed without a hot work permit.
These features can be highly attractive when considering the installation cost. However,
there is limited experience within "Client" on the overall long term performance for
these fittings, so the potential for long term reliability and maintenance issues must be
considered, such as inspection limitations and the potential for crevice corrosion, water
freeze damage and stress corrosion cracking due to the inherent crevice between
components and the high sealing stresses. For these reasons LOKRING fittings are
considered an acceptable alternative for use in pipe specifications provided all the
limitations described below have been met:
1. Must be approved for the intended service by the local jurisdiction or governing
body for pressure equipment. (Note: ASME B31 proof testing requirements have
been satisfied.)
2. The fittings are used in Category D (as defined in Doc. No...) or utility services as
follows:
Air, Water, Nitrogen (Outdoor Service Only) and Low pressure steam and
condensate service with a maximum design pressure of 200 PSIG.
3. The applicable pipe specification allows the use of Socket Weld construction for
the services described in item 2 above.
4. Installation shall be only for Carbon Steel piping systems up to 500F (260C) and
Stainless Steel piping systems up to 120F (49C).
5. Sizes up to and including 3 in. NPS.
6. Manufacturer trained and certified personnel must perform the installation
utilizing manufacturer approved tool kits and installation procedures. Consult
LOKRING for guidance: www.lokring.com.
7. These fittings shall not be installed in piping systems which historically have
shown susceptibility to crevice corrosion.
8. No installations shall be made in service applications with high pulsation or
vibration forces.
9. No installation in any piping systems that require post weld heat treatment.
10. Fittings shall be grit blasted and painted in accordance to Doc. No....
11. Fittings operating below 300F (149C) shall be sealed with a temperature
resistant silicone caulking to prevent the ingress of water.
12. After installation, perform 100% visual inspection to verify the NOGO gage
markings are indicating proper installation (marking partially covered), the fitting
body protrudes from underneath the swage ring, and remaining gaps are
acceptable per the LOKRING installation procedure.
4.3 Flanges
4.3.1 Dimensions and surface finishes of all flanges shall be in accordance with the
industry standard referenced on the individual specification.
4.3.2 Buttweld flanges shall have a wall thickness to match the wall thickness of the
adjoining pipe. Flanges of commercially available wall thickness shall be used even
though the flange may have a slightly larger wall thickness than the adjoining pipe. The
end of the flange shall be tapering bored if the thickness of the flange exceeds that of
the pipe by more than 1/16 in. (1.6 mm). Taper boring shall not result in an
infringement on the minimum wall thickness.
4.3.3 Orifice flanges shall be Class 300 minimum. Orifice flanges shall be ordered in
pairs and shall have Socketweld taps. Class 150 utility services, specifications PLC...
and PLC..., may use threaded orifice taps.
4.3.4 When mating to cast iron flat-face flanges is required, a carbon steel flat-face
flange with a full-face gasket shall be used. Full-face gasket material shall be
compatible with process stream and shall be in accordance with Doc. No...
requirements.
4.3.5 When mating to cast steel flat-face flanges is required; a raised-face flange shall
be used. The gasket shall be of a type and material that meets the requirements of the
piping specification.
4.3.6 Flanges installed in acid/caustic service (as defined in Doc. No...) or other
hazardous material shall be protected with a flange safety shield when a potential for
exposure to personnel and/or equipment exists.
4.4 Branch Connections
4.4.1 ASME B16.9 welding tees shall be used when branch connections are size on
size. Reducing tees shall be used when the branch run is one nominal size less than the
header run.
4.4.2 Except where indicated on the individual line classes, integrally reinforced branch
connections shall be used for branch runs NPS 8 and smaller.
4.4.3 Full area replacement shall be used for branch connections above NPS 8. The
reinforcing pad thickness shall equal the header thickness, and the reinforcing pad
width shall equal 1/2 the outside diameter of the branch. The material of the reinforcing
pad shall match the material of the header.
4.4.4 Reserved
4.4.5 If an economic incentive exists, the dimensions of the reinforcing pad may be
calculated in accordance with ASME B31.1 or ASME B31.3 as applicable. In this case,
"Client" shall approve dimensions of reinforcing pads.
4.5 Gaskets
4.5.1 Gasket types shall be as indicated on the individual piping specification and shall
conform to the additional requirements of Doc. No....
4.5.2 Reserved
4.5.3 Inner rings are required on all spiral wounds PTFE filled gaskets.
4.5.4 Inner rings are required on all spiral wound graphite filled gaskets.
4.6 Valves
4.6.1 Valve tag numbers are listed on the individual piping material specification. The
individual Valve specification sheet for the tag number and the requirements defined in
Doc. No... shall be met to ensure compliance with the line class specification.
4.6.2 The basic Valve design shall be in accordance with the referenced standard on
the Valve specification sheet. Valves designed in accordance with API 600 may be
substituted for ASME B16.34 Valves.
4.6.3 The following Industry Codes/Standards apply to the specific design aspects of
Valves:
Pressure/Temperature Rating
ASME B16.34 (Excluding API Class 800)API
602
End-to-End Dimensions ASME B16.10
End Flange Dimensions and Surface
Finish
ASME B16.5 (NPS 2 thru 24)
ASME B16.47 (NPS 24 and above)
Socketweld/Threaded Ends ASME B16.11
Buttweld Ends ASME B16.25
Buttweld Ends Bore Size
ASME B36.10
ASME B36.19
4.6.4 API trim numbers specified on non-API Valves are for reference only. The trim
number defines the minimum requirements for Valve trim.
4.6.5 Bonnet gaskets shall be as specified on the Valve specification sheets. When
PTFE based gaskets are used; the gasket shall be fully confined on both the inner and
outer diameter.
4.6.6 Class 150 Gate Valves with oval Bonnet design that cannot fully contain a PTFE
based gasket shall use the manufacturer's standard metal Bonnet gasket. The gasket
shall meet the requirements defined in API 600, and shall be of metallurgy compatible
with the intended fluid service.
4.6.7 Full port Ball Valves shall only be used with prior "Client" approval.
4.6.8 When both a lift Check Valve and a swing Check Valve are specified, the
following criteria shall apply:
In carbon steel and low alloy services, the spring loaded lift Check Valve is the
preferred type. Swing type Check Valves shall be used as an alternate.
In stainless steel and higher alloy services, the swing Check Valve is the preferred
type. Spring-loaded lift Check Valves shall be used as an alternate.
4.7 Assembly Details
4.7.1 Assembly details on individual specifications are for reference only. Branch
connections and block Valves for take-offs shall be specified in the specification. The
following requirements apply to the assembly details on the specifications.
4.7.2 Pipe nipples shall be fabricated from line class pipe. Length of pipe nipple shall be
adequate to clear insulation.
4.7.3 When a threaded x Socket Weld Valve is specified for assembly details, the
Valves shall be welded to the pipe nipple. A line class threaded plug shall be used for
plugging threaded and threaded Socket Weld vent and drain Valves.
4.7.4 When a flanged Valve is specified for assembly details, a line class flange shall be
used on the pipe nipple for mating. A line class blind flange and gasket shall be used for
plugging flanged end vent and drain Valves.
4.7.5 Valved vent shall be provided at every high point.
4.7.6 All underground piping shall be coated and wrapped in accordance with Doc.
No....
4.7.7 Flange bolt up shall be per Doc. No.....
4.8 Testing and Examination
4.8.1 Unless otherwise specified on the individual line class specification, all non-
destructive examination shall be in accordance with Doc. No....
4.8.2 Radiography, as required for special service piping and non-ferrous materials,
shall be in accordance with ASME B31.3 and Doc. No....
4.9 Pressure/Temperature Limits
4.9.1 Pressure/temperature limits are based on ASME B16.5. Maximum and minimum
temperatures shall be in accordance with Doc. No....
4.9.2 Stainless steel specified as Dual Marked/Dual Certified (i.e., 304/304L,
316/316L) may be used at the pressure/temperature rating and the allowable stress of
the straight grade stainless steel through 800F (427C). Use of this material
specification is limited to 800F (427C).
4.9.3 For piping systems not designed and installed per these specifications, the use of
the higher pressure/temperature rating and allowable stress for dual marked stainless
steel is not permitted.
4.9.4 The use of stainless steel marked and certified to only one grade of stainless
steel is permitted at the pressure/temperature rating and allowable stress of the grade
marked on the piping components.
4.9.5 Actual pressure or temperature limits for specifications may be reduced due to
limitations on individual components such as pipe wall thickness, gasket materials or
Valve internals. Individual specification shall be consulted to determine any limiting
components for a specification.
4.9.6 For specifications where the Valve's material is not the same as the flange
material, the pressure/temperature rating shall be based on the component with the
lower pressure/temperature rating.
4.10 Miscellaneous Components
4.10.1 See page 5 for steam trap detail installation, page 11 for strainers and page 15
for spectacle blinds.
4.10.2 Flexible components such as metallic hoses shall only be used in accordance
with plant specific requirements and procedures. As a minimum, the temperature rating
and pressure class of the metallic hose shall meet the applicable pipe specification
pressure and temperature rating. Written engineering approval is required for plant
sites without applicable procedures.

Abbreviations for Piping SpecificationsAPIAmerican Petroleum InstituteJFJoint FactorASMEAmerican
Society of Mechanical EngineersLJLap JointASTMAmerican Society for Testing & MaterialsLRLong
RadiusBEBeveled EndsLGTHLengthBGOBeveled Gear OperatorLOLIntegrally Reinforced
Lateral Branch Connection
( e.g.: laterolet )BHNBrinnel Hardness NumberMATLMaterialBLDBlindMFGManufacturerBWButt
WeldMIMalleable IronCICast IronMINMinimumCLClassMOMolybdenumCPLGCouplingMSSManufacturer
Standardization SocietyCPVCChlorinated Polyvinyl ChlorideNIPPNippleCRChromeNPSNominal Pipe
SizeCSCarbon SteelPEPlain EndsCONCConcentricPIPProcess Industry
PracticeCONNConnectionPROJProjectionDEGDegreePTFEPolyTertaFluorEthyleneDIDuctile
IronRRadiusDIADiameterRFRaised FaceDIMDimensionRTJRing Type JointDSAWDouble Submerged Arc
WeldedSWSocket
WeldDWGDrawingSCHScheduleEAEachSCRDScrewedECCEccentricSMLSSeamlessEFWElectric Fusion
WeldedSOLIntegrally Reinforced
Socketweld Branch Connection
( e.g.: sockolet )ELLElbowSRShort RadiusOLIntegrally Reinforced
Elbow Branch Connection
( e.g.: elbolet )SSStainless SteelERWElectric Resistance WeldedSTDStandardFFFlat
Face FIGFigureT&CThreaded &
CoupledFLGFlangeTFETetraFluorEthyleneFLGDFlangedTHKThicknessFRPFiberglass Reinforced
PipeTHRDThreadedFSForged SteelTOLIntegrally Reinforced
Threaded Branch ConnectionGALVGalvanizedTSWThreaded x Socket WeldGJGround
JointTYPTypicalGRGradeVAValveGOGear
OperatedVERTVerticalHASTHastelloyWLDWelededHEXHexagonalWNWeld
NeckHORIZHorizontalWOLIntegrally Reinforced
Buttweld BranchINSULInsulationWTWall Thickness

Valve Tag Numbering
Material Class Valve Type Valve Ends
A - Ductile 0 - Class 1500 0 - Gate 0 - Threaded
B - Hastelloy B 1 - Class 150 1 - Globe 1 - Socketweld
C - Carbon Steel 2 - Class 2500 2 - Swing Check 2 - Flanged, Raised Face
D - Chrome Moly 3 - Class 300 3 - Wafer Check 3 - Flanged, Flat Face
E - 316 Stainless
Steel
4 - Class 4000 4 - Plug 4 - Flanged, Ring Type Joint
F - 316L Stainless
Steel
5 - Class 3000 5 - Ball 5 - Buttweld, Bore to Match Pipe
G - Cast Iron 6 - Class 600 6 - Butterfly 6 - Threaded x Socketweld
H - 304 Stainless
Steel
7 - Class 6000
7 - Lift Check (Ball or
Piston)
7 - Integral Male Socketweld x Female
Threaded
I - 304L Stainless
Steel
8 - API Class 800 8 - Knife Gate 8 - Hub Connector - Grayloc
J - PVC 9 - Class 900 9 - Diaphragm 9 - Buttweld x Hub end
K - PTFE Lined
L - Monel
M - Hastelloy C
N - 321 Stainless
Steel

O - Alloy 20
P - FRP
Tag Number shall be: V-Material Code / Pressure Class / Type / Ends / Two Digit Sequence
Example: V-C80100
(V) Valve
(C) Carbon Steel
(8) Class 800
(0) Gate Valve
(1) Socket Weld
(00) and the first of this type in sequence.
All Valve sequence numbers shall start at 00 and number ascending through 99.



Standard No.... Doc. No....

PIPING MATERIAL SPECIFICATION
Issue Date

December, 2011
Page

6 of 15
Standard Installation Detail - Utility Station

Coupling legend Type
Steam: Type
GB-8-3/4"
Female NPT end
or approved
equal
A
Water: Type
AM-8-3/4"
Female NPT end
or approved
equal
B
Air: Type AM-
8-3/4" Female
NPT end or
approved equal
C
Nitrogen: Type
GJ-50-3/4" Male
NPT end or
approved equal
D
Notes:
1. Pipe, Valves, flanges and fittings ro conform with piping
spec. 1....
2. Use close nipples where 3" nipples cause excessive
dimensions
3. Hose racks are required for all utility stations
4. Service designation tags required for each line
5. Surface preparation shall be per Doc. No...
6. Insulation shall be per Doc. No...
7. All branch connections are from top of header

Standard No....
Doc. No....

PIPING
MATERIAL
SPECIFICATION
Issue Date

December,
2011
Page

6 of 15

DOCS MATL SOCIETIES PIPES FLANGES FITTINGS VALVES BOLTS GASKETS EQPT SPECIALS STEEL DIN STEAM OTHERS

Page 7-15

Standard No.... Doc. No....

PIPING MATERIAL SPECIFICATION
Issue Date

December, 2011
Page

7 of 15
Special Fabricated Larger Diameter Reducers

Reducer
O.D.
A B

Reducer
O.D.
A B

Reducer
O.D.
A B

Reducer
O.D.
A B
26 x 24 24 1 40 x 32 24 4 52 x 46 30 8 66 x 60 36 3
26 x 22 24 2 40 x 30 24 5 54 x 52 30 1 66 x 54 36 6
26 x 20 24 3 * 40 x 28 24 6 54 x 50 30 2 66 x 48 36 9
26 x 18 24 4 42 x 40 24 1 54 x 48 30 3 66 x 42 36 12
26 x 16 24 5 42 x 38 24 2 54 x 46 30 4 68 x 64 36 2
28 x 26 24 1 42 x 36 24 3 54 x 44 30 5 68 x 60 36 4
28 x 24 24 2 42 x 34 24 4 54 x 42 30 6 68 x 54 36 7
* 28 x 22 24 3 42 x 32 24 5 54 x 38 30 8 68 x 48 36 10
28 x 20 24 4 42 x 30 24 6 54 x 36 30 9 68 x 42 36 13
28 x 18 24 5 44 x 42 24 1 54 x 34 30 10 70 x 66 42 2
30 x 28 24 1 44 x 40 24 2 54 x 32 30 11 70 x 60 42 5
30 x 26 24 2 44 x 38 24 3 54 x 30 30 12 70 x 54 42 8
30 x 24 24 3 44 x 36 24 4 56 x 54 30 1 70 x 48 42 11
* 30 x 22 24 4 * 44 x 34 24 5 56 x 52 30 2 70 x 42 42 14
30 x 20 24 5 * 44 x 32 24 6 56 x 50 30 3 72 x 66 42 3
32 x 30 24 1 46 x 44 28 1 56 x 48 30 4 72 x 60 42 6
32 x 28 24 2 46 x 42 28 2 56 x 46 30 5 72 x 54 42 9
32 x 26 24 3 46 x 40 28 3 56 x 44 30 6 72 x 48 42 12
32 x 24 24 4 46 x 38 28 4 56 x 42 30 7 72 x 42 42 15
* 32 x 22 24 5 * 46 x 36 24 5 58 x 56 30 1 78 x 72 48 3
* 32 x 20 24 6 * 46 x 34 24 6 58 x 54 30 2 78 x 66 48 6
34 x 32 24 1 48 x 46 28 1 58 x 52 30 3 78 x 60 48 9
34 x 30 24 2 48 x 44 28 2 58 x 48 30 5 78 x 54 48 12
* 34 x 28 24 3 48 x 42 28 3 58 x 44 30 7 78 x 48 48 15
34 x 26 24 4 48 x 40 28 4 58 x 42 30 8 84 x 78 48 3
34 x 24 24 5 * 48 x 38 24 5 60 x 56 30 2 84 x 72 48 6
36 x 34 24 1 * 48 x 36 24 6 60 x 54 30 3 84 x 66 48 9
36 x 32 24 2 50 x 48 24 1 60 x 52 30 4 84 x 60 48 12
36 x 30 24 3 50 x 46 24 2 60 x 48 30 6 84 x 54 48 15
* 36 x 28 24 4 50 x 44 24 3 60 x 42 30 9 84 x 48 48 18
36 x 26 24 5 50 x 42 24 4 62 x 58 30 2 90 x 84 48 3
36 x 24 24 6 50 x 40 24 5 62 x 54 30 4 90 x 78 48 6
38 x 36 24 1 50 x 38 24 6 62 x 52 30 5 90 x 72 48 9
38 x 34 24 2 50 x 36 24 7 62 x 48 30 7 90 x 66 48 12
38 x 32 24 3 52 x 44 30 1 62 x 44 30 9 90 x 60 48 15
38 x 30 24 4 52 x 42 30 2 64 x 60 36 2 96 x 90 48 3
38 x 28 24 5 52 x 40 30 3 64 x 56 36 4 96 x 84 48 6
38 x 26 24 6 52 x 38 30 4 64 x 54 36 5 96 x 78 48 9
40 x 38 24 1 52 x 36 30 5 64 x 52 36 6 96 x 72 48 12
40 x 36 24 2 52 x 50 30 6 64 x 48 36 8 96 x 66 48 15
40 x 34 24 3 52 x 48 30 7 64 x 42 36 11

Notes:
1. All dimensions are given in Inches.
2. These reducers are to be used only when authorized by the piping spec's for the job.
3. Material shall be as specified in the job piping materials specification class.
4. Welding shall be in accordance with the job specifications.
5. Alloy material;s over 1/8" thk. and carbon steel materials 3/16" thk. and over shall have ends beveled
for welding in accordance with ASME B16.25 standard.
6. Reducers marked with asterisk ( * ) and 50" and higher are not ASME B16.9.

Standard No.... Doc. No....

PIPING MATERIAL SPECIFICATION
Issue Date

December, 2011
Page

7 of 15


Standard No.... Doc. No....

PIPING MATERIAL SPECIFICATION
Issue Date

December, 2011
Page

8 of 15
Four Weld 90 Long Radius Miter Elbow

NOM.
DIA
A Min.
R
Radius
S
Inches
M
30 42w" 45" 17p"
32 44s" 48" 18s"
34 47r" 51" 19f"
36 49f" 54" 21w"
38 52i" 57" 22r"
40 55w" 60" 23i"
42 57s" 63" 24p" 8r"
44 60r" 66" 25s"
46 62f" 69" 27"
48 65i" 72" 28i" 9p"
50 68w" 75" 29r"
52 70s" 78" 30i"
54 73r" 81" 31p" 10f"
56 75f" 84" 32f"
58 78i" 87" 34"
60 81w" 90" 35w"
62 83s" 93" 36y"
64 86y" 96" 37i"
66 88f" 99" 38p"
68 91i" 102" 39f"
70 94w" 105" 41"
72 96s" 108" 42r"
78 104i" 117" 45s" 15r"
84 112y" 126" 49i"
86 115" 129" 50y"
Notes:
1. All dimensions are given in Inches.
2. Welding shall be in accordance with the job specifications.
3. These Miter elbows are to be used when authorized by the piping spec's.
4. Use "A" dimension only where necessary to meet close clearance requirements or when connecting to
flange or fitting.
5. Material shall be as specified in the job piping materials specification class.
6. "M" dimension does not include taper bore length.
7. The "M" dimension must be calculated for Miter elbows other than 78", 54", 48" and 42".

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Two Weld 45 Long Radius Miter Elbow

DIA
NOM.
A
B
C
(1)
D
(1)
M
Min (3) LR Ell Dim
3" 2" 2" 1s" 1w" t"
4" 2i" 2i" 2y" 1t" u"
6" 3s" 3s" 3i" 2" p"
8" 5" 5" 4s" 2p" d"
10" 6r" 6r" 5f" 3t" 1q"
12" 7i" 7i" 7w" 3g" 1r"
14" 8s" 8s" 8r" 4p" 1y"
16" 10" 10" 9i" 5r" 1o"
18" 11r" 11r" 10s" 5f" 1s"
20" 11i" 1" - 0i" 11f" 6o" 2"
22" 1" - 0r" 1" - 1i" 1" - 1w" 6g" 2e"
24" 1" - 1r" 1" - 3" 1" - 2r" 7f" 2y"
26" 1" - 1s" 1" - 4" 1" - 3i" 8r" 2o"
28" 1" - 2s" 1" - 5y" 1" - 4q" 9q" 2s"
30" 1" - 3i" 1" - 6i" 1" - 5f" 9o" 2g"
32" 1" - 4i" 1" - 7f" 1" - 7" 10y" 3e"
34" 1" - 5i" 1" - 9w" 1" - 8r" 11" 3y"
36" 1" - 6r" 1" - 10r" 1" - 9i" 11i" 3o"
38" 1" - 7" 1" - 11i" 1" - 10p" 1" - 0e" 3s"
40" 1" - 7s" 2" - 0s" 1" - 11f" 1" - 0d" 3g"
42" 1" - 8i" 2" - 2" 2" - 1" 1" - 1i" 4w" 8y"
44" 1" - 9i" 2" - 3r" 2" - 2r" 1" - 2w" 4y"
46" 1" - 10i" 2" - 4i" 2" - 3y" 1" - 2d" 4o"
48" 1" - 11r" 2" - 5s" 2" - 4p" 1" - 3u" 4s" 9p"
50" 2" - 0r" 2" - 7" 2" - 5s" 1" - 4w" 4g"
52" 2" - 1" 2" - 8r" 2" - 7" 1" - 4s" 5w"
54" 2" - 1s" 2" - 9i" 2" - 8r" 1" - 5y" 5y" 10f"
56" 2" - 2s" 2" - 10s" 2" - 9y" 1" - 6q" 5o"
58" 2" - 3i" 3" - 0" 2" - 10i" 1" - 6s" 5s"
60" 2" - 4r" 3" - 1r" 2" - 11s" 1" - 7y" 5g"
62" 2" - 5r" 3" - 2i" 3" - 1" 1" - 8" 6w"
64" 2" - 6" 3" - 3s" 3" - 2w" 1" - 8o" 6t"
66" 2" - 7" 3" - 5" 3" - 3y" 1" - 9t" 6o"
68" 2" - 7s" 3" - 6r" 3" - 4i" 1" - 10" 6s"
70" 2" - 8i" 3" - 7i" 3" - 5s" 1" - 10p" 6g"
72" 2" - 9i" 3" - 8s" 3" - 6f" 1" - 11t" 7w"
74" 2" - 10r" 3" - 10" 3" - 8e" 1" - 11f" 7y"
76" 2" - 11" 3" - 11r" 3" - 9y" 2" - 0o" 7o"
78" 3" - 0" 4" - 0u" 3" - 10i" 2" - 1e" 7s" 150"
80" 3" - 0s" 4" - 1q" 3" - 11s" 2" - 1d" 7g"
82" 3" - 1s" 4" - 2g" 9" - 0t" 2" - 2i" 8e"
84" 3" - 2i" 4" - 4e" 4" - 2w" 2" - 3w" 8y"
86" 3" - 3r" 4" - 5u" 4" - 3t" 2" - 3s" 8o"
88" 3" - 4r" 4" - 6g" 4" - 4i" 2" - 4u" 8s"
90" 3" - 5" 4" - 7f" 4" - 5o" 2" - 5q" 8g"
92" 3" - 6" 4" - 9e" 4" - 6f" 2" - 5o" 9w"
94" 3" - 7" 4" - 10y" 4" - 8w" 2" - 5y" 9y"
96" 3" - 4i" 4" - 11p" 4" - 9r" 2" - 7" 9o"
98" 3" - 8i" 5" - 0f" 4" - 10i" 2" - 7p" 9s"
100" 3" - 9" 5" - 2w" 4" - 11q" 2" - 8t" 9g"
102" 3" - 10" 5" - 3f" 5" - 0f" 2" - 8q" 10w"
104" 3" - 11" 5" - 4p" 5" - 2q" 2" - 9o" 10t"
106" 3" - 11s" 5" - 5f" 5" - 3r" 2" - 10r" 10o"
108" 4" - 0i" 5" - 7w" 5" - 4u" 2" - 10f" 10s"
110" 4" - 1i" 5" - 8t" 5" - 5o" 2" - 11i" 10g"
112" 4" - 2r" 5" - 9o" 5" - 6d" 3" - 0e" 11w"
114" 4" - 3" 5" - 10d" 5" - 8" 3" - 0d" 11t"
116" 4" - 4" 6" - 0q" 5" - 9e" 3" - 1u" 11i"
118" 4" - 5" 6" - 1t" 5" - 10y" 3" - 2w" 11s"
120" 4" - 5s" 6" - 2o" 5" - 11p" 3" - 2s" 11g"
122" 4" - 6i" 6" - 3d" 6" - 0d" 3" - 3t" 12w"
124" 4" - 7y" 6" - 5q" 6" - 2" 3" - 4" 12y"
126" 4" - 8r" 6" - 6r" 6" - 3e" 3" - 4q" 12o"
128" 4" - 9" 6" - 7i" 6" - 4y" 3" - 5r" 12s"
130" 4" - 10" 6" - 8s" 6" - 5o" 3" - 6" 12g"
132" 4" - 10s" 6" - 10" 6" - 6s" 3" - 6o" 13w"
134" 4" - 11i" 6" - 11r" 6" - 8" 3" - 7r" 13t"
136" 5" - 0i" 7" - 0i" 6" - 9w" 3" - 7q" 13i"
138" 5" - 1r" 7" - 1s" 6" - 10y" 3" - 8o" 13s"
140" 5" - 2r" 7" - 3" 6" - 11i" 3" - 9r" 13g"
Notes:
1. All dimensions are given in Inches.
2. "C" and "D" dimensions are approximate. Do not use for fabrication.
3. These Miter elbows are to be used when authorized by the piping spec's.
4. Use "A" minimum dimension only where necessary to meet close clearance requirements.
5. Use butt-weld "A" only where necessary to connect to flange or fitting. Use Miter weld for pipe
connection.
6. Material shall be as specified in the job piping materials specification class.
7. Welding shall be in accordance with the job specifications.
8. "M" dimension does not include taper bore length.
9. The "M" dimension must be calculated for Miter elbows other than 78", 54", 48" and 42".

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Perforated Temporary Conical Strainers


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T-Type Strainers


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DOCS MATL SOCIETIES PIPES FLANGES FITTINGS VALVES BOLTS GASKETS EQPT SPECIALS STEEL DIN STEAM OTHERS

Page 12-15

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Drip Rings

NPS A
B
150# 300# 600# 900# 1500#
1 1.1/8 2.1/2 2.3/4 2.3/4 3 3
1.1/2 1.5/8 3.1/4 3.5/8 3.5/8 3.3/4 3.3/4
2 2.1/8 4 4.1/4 4.1/4 5.1/2 5.1/2
2.1/2 2.1/2 4.3/4 5 5 6.3/8 6.3/8
3 3.1/8 5.1/4 5.3/4 5.3/4 6.1/2 6.3/4
4 4.1/8 6.3/4 7 7.1/2 8 8.1/8
6 6.1/8 8.5/8 9.3/4 10.3/8 11.1/4 11
8 8 10.1/4 12 12.1/2 14 13.3/4
10 10.1/8 13.1/4 14.1/8 15.5/8 17 17
12 12 16 16.1/2 17.3/4 19.3/8 20.1/4
Notes:
1. Drip ring material in accordance with pipe specification
2. Finish of gasket surface shall be machined. (150%-300% / 250-500 AARH),
(600%-1500% / 100-250 AARH)

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Product Sampler Cooler

MARK DESCRIPTION MATERIAL
1 FLANGE SW RF NPS 1/2
CL 150
As per connecting piping
classes
to be stated on requisition
2 COIL NPS 1/2 LINE PIPE
SCH 80
3 LINE PIPE NPS 3/4 SCH
80
4 FLANGE WN RF NPS 3/4
CL 150
5 LINE PIPE NPS 1.1/2 SCH
80
6 FLANGE SO RF NPS 1.1/2
CL 150
7 LINE PIPE NPS 10 SCH 30
8 BOTTOM PLATE
May be carbon steel
9 CLEATS
10 STRIP

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Tolerances for Pipe Fabrication

A - Variations in the indicated dimensions for Center to Face. Location of attachments
etc, shall not exceed 3 mm. (Tolerance shall be cumulative)
B - For Piping Bends having a radius equal to SIX times the diameter or larger
variations in the finished pipe caused by bending including any folds and bulges shall
not exceed 3% x Nominal of the Pipe.
C - Lateral translation of flanges in any direction from the indicated position shall not
exceed 1.5 mm.
D - Rotation of flanges from the indicated position as shown shall not exceed 1.5 mm.
E - Aligment of flanges shall not deviate from the indicated position measured across
any diameter more than 0.75 mm.

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Line Blinds NPS 1/2 - NPS 24

Notes:
1. Nominal size and class shall be stamped as indicated on plate
2. Edges of test blancs shall be free from rough burn finish and burrs
Line Blinds NPS 26 - NPS 60

Notes:
1. Nominal size and class shall be stamped as indicated on plate
2. Edges of test blancs shall be free from rough burn finish and burrs
Spectacle Blinds NPS 1/2 - NPS 24

ASME B16.48 was used as the basis for calculating the blind thicknesses listed in this
table.
Common ASTM Materials of Construction: Carbon Steel - A515 Gr. 70, 65 & 60; A516
Gr. 70, 65 & 60. Stainless Steel - A240 Gr. 316, 316L, 304 & 304L.Reference Table 1A
in ASME B16.5 for a list of other acceptable plate material specifications for each
different material group.

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