5 views

Uploaded by Lueshen Wellington

Mathematics

- lesson plans
- chap03
- Kal Kula Tor
- IAS Mains Mathematics Syllabus
- Dynamic Optimization Book
- Introductory Algebra 12th Edition Bittinger Test Bank
- Dynamic Optimization
- Aug 2010
- Three strategies to derive a dual problem
- Maths Topic 6 Form 1 [Autosaved]
- Substitution
- HT_Sem II 16_17 PNS_Lecture 6.pdf
- LU7 - Unconstrained and Constrained Optimization Lagrange Multiplier
- 03.pdf
- 20120919 Adapt Filt.screen
- Advanced Algebra
- MATH1014_Final_2012W
- 1-s2.0-0022314X8690106X-main
- math 8 unit 6
- day 8

You are on page 1of 4

Solutions

Section 15.8

Use Lagrange Multipliers to nd the maximum and minimum values of the function subject

to the given constraint.

4. f(x, y) = 4x + 6y; x

2

+ y

2

= 13.

solution: Let g(x, y) = x

2

+ y

2

. Then, the Lagrange Multiplier Equations (f

x

= g

x

,

f

y

= g

y

and g(x, y) = 13) are

4 = 2x

6 = 2y

x

2

+ y

2

= 13.

Clearly, = 0 (as = 0 would violate the rst two equations). Thus, from the rst two

equations, we get x =

2

and y =

3

thus (2, 3) are the solutions. We have

f(2, 3) = 8 + 18 = 26

f(2, 3) = 26

f(2, 3) = 8 18 = 10

f(2, 3) = 8 + 18 = 10

Thus, subject to the constraint, the maximum value of f is 26 and the minimum value is

26.

6. f(x, y) = e

xy

; x

3

+ y

3

= 16.

Solution: Let g(x, y) = x

3

+y

3

. The Lagrange Multiplier Equations (f

x

= g

x

, f

y

= g

y

and g(x, y) = 16) are

ye

xy

= 3x

2

xe

xy

= 3y

2

x

3

+ y

3

= 16.

How do we nd all solutions x, y and ? Clearly both x and y cant simultaneously be

zero (and thus = 0) since (0, 0) does not satisfy the constraint equation if x = 0, y = 0,

so we can divide the rst equation by the second equation to get

y

x

=

x

2

y

2

,

1

2 Solutions

so y

3

= x

3

, or y = x and substituting in the constraint equation, we get 2x

3

= 16 or

x = 2. Thus, y = 2 and (2, 2) is the only solution.

We have

f(2, 2) = e

4

.

Thus, subject to the constraint, the maximum value of f is e

4

and there is no minimum

value

8. f(x, y, z) = 8x 4z; x

2

+ 10y

2

+ z

2

= 5.

Solution: Let g(x, y, z) = x

2

+ 10y

2

+ z

2

. The Lagrange Multiplier Equations (f

x

=

g

x

, f

y

= g

y

, f

z

= g

z

and g(x, y, z) = 5) are

8 = 2x

0 = 20y

4 = 2z

x

2

+ 10y

2

+ z

2

= 1.

Note that = 0 since = 0 would violate the rst three equations. Hence, we get x =

4

.

Since = 0, we have y = 0 in the second equation. Also, from the third equation, we get

z =

2

2

+ 0 +

2

= 1.

That is,

2

= 20, so = 2

2

5

and z =

1

5

. Hence, the

solutions are (

2

5

, 0,

1

5

). We have

f(

2

5

, 0,

1

5

) = 8

4(

1

5

) =

20

5

f(

2

5

, 0,

1

5

) = 8

4(

1

5

) =

12

5

f(

2

5

, 0,

1

5

) = 8

+ 4

=

20

5

f(

2

5

, 0,

1

5

) = 8

+ 4

=

12

5

.

Thus, subject to the constraint, the maximum value of f is

20

5

and

20

5

is the minimum

value.

Math 2443 Homework #6 3

10. f(x, y, z) = x

2

y

2

z

2

; x

2

+ y

2

+ z

2

= 1.

Solution: Let g(x, y, z) = x

2

+ y

2

+ z

2

. Then, the Lagrange Multiplier equations (f

x

=

g

x

, f

y

= g

y

, f

z

= g

z

and g(x, y, z) = 1) are

2xy

2

z

2

= 2x

2yx

2

z

2

= 2y

2zx

2

y

2

= 2z

x

2

+ y

2

+ z

2

= 1.

One way to solve this system of equations is to multiply the rst equation by x, the second

equation by y and the third equation by z. Once we do this the left-hand sides of the

new equation will all be equal. Hence the right-hand sides will be equal as well. That

is, 2x

2

y

2

z

2

= 2x

2

= 2y

2

= 2z

2

. In other words, (x

2

y

2

) = 0, (y

2

z

2

) = 0 and

(x

2

z

2

) = 0. Now, we either have = 0 or x

2

= y

2

= z

2

. If = 0, it means that the

right-hand side of each of the rst three equations is zero. That is,

xy

2

z

2

= 0

yx

2

z

2

= 0

zx

2

y

2

= 0.

Now, we have the following cases.

(i) One variable is zero, the other two are not zero.

(ii) Two variables are zero and the third non-zero. We know that all three variables

cant simultaneously be zero since (0, 0, 0) does not satisfy the constraint.

In both the above cases you get f(x, y, z) = 0 at these points.

If = 0 then x

2

= y

2

= z

2

. Substituting this in the constraint equation, we get

3x

2

= 1 and x =

1

3

and thus y =

1

3

= z. Since the function consists of all square

terms we dont nee to evaluate it all these points separately. We have

f(

1

3

,

1

3

,

1

3

) =

1

27

.

Thus, subject to the constraint, the minimum value of f is 0 and the maximum value is

1

27

.

12. f(x, y, z) = x

2

+ y

2

+ z

2

; x

4

+ y

4

+ z

4

= 1.

4 Solutions

Solution: Let g(x, y, z) = x

4

+ y

4

+ z

4

. The Lagrange Multiplier Equations are

2x = 4x

3

2y = 4y

3

2z = 4z

3

x

4

+ y

4

+ z

4

= 1.

The rst three equations are identical to those obtained for a problem we did in the class.

You can nd it in the notes posted online. Again, there will be three dierent cases (one

variable zero the other two non-zero, two variables zero and the third non-zero and all of

them non-zero). I will just produce the answer here but you have to show all the steps.

The minimum value is 1 and the maximum value is

3.

18. Find the extreme values of f on the region described by the inequality

f(x, y) = 2x

2

+ 3y

2

4x 5, x

2

+ y

2

16

Solution:. There are two main steps. First, we nd the critical points of f on the interior

of the given region, then we use Lagrange multipliers to nd the extreme values of f on

the boundary.

(a) We have f

x

(x, y) = 4x4 and f

y

(x, y) = 6y. Thus, the only critical point of f is (1, 0)

and f(1, 0) = 7.

(b) Next, we nd the extreme values of f on the boundary x

2

+y

2

= 16 by using Lagrange

multiplier. Let g(x, y) = x

2

+ y

2

. Then the Lagrange Multiplier Equations (f

x

= g

x

,

f

y

= g

y

and g(x, y) = 16) are

4x 4 = 2x

6y = 2y

x

2

+ y

2

= 16.

By the second equation, we have y(3 ) = 0, so either y = 0 or = 3. If y = 0 then

by the third equation, we get x = 4. Hence (4, 0) are solutions. If = 3 then by the

rst equation, we get x = 2. From the last equation, this gives us y = 2

3. Hence

(2, 2

f(4, 0) = 11

f(4, 0) = 43

f(2, 2

3) = 47

Comparing values from (a) and (b) we see that the maximum and minimum values of the

function f on the given region are 47 and 7 respectively.

- lesson plansUploaded byapi-252819243
- chap03Uploaded byPrateikMenon
- Kal Kula TorUploaded bySiti Khajaru'ain
- IAS Mains Mathematics SyllabusUploaded byvipinvns999
- Dynamic Optimization BookUploaded byIvan Broggi
- Introductory Algebra 12th Edition Bittinger Test BankUploaded bya773372101
- Dynamic OptimizationUploaded byeulernewton22
- Aug 2010Uploaded byAjoe George
- Three strategies to derive a dual problemUploaded byRyota Tomioka
- Maths Topic 6 Form 1 [Autosaved]Uploaded byONG JIN HAN -
- SubstitutionUploaded byFerrick Gray
- HT_Sem II 16_17 PNS_Lecture 6.pdfUploaded byThirunavuk Karasu
- LU7 - Unconstrained and Constrained Optimization Lagrange MultiplierUploaded byBadrul Hyung
- 03.pdfUploaded byAlexei
- 20120919 Adapt Filt.screenUploaded byHameed Ullah Marwat
- Advanced AlgebraUploaded byMatthew Carandang
- MATH1014_Final_2012WUploaded byexamkiller
- 1-s2.0-0022314X8690106X-mainUploaded bymoesiom22
- math 8 unit 6Uploaded byapi-114939020
- day 8Uploaded byapi-436843543
- EC1sh_J solomon paper JUploaded byShanelle de Silva
- f2 paper2Uploaded byteamieyl
- Final Examination 2009 1Uploaded byOmed Ghareb
- Yearly Lesson Plan Kssm Form 1 MathUploaded byNAJIB MIRZA
- 2013 Extend MathsUploaded byRosemaryWinx
- Vb Tora SimplexUploaded byvsyoi
- ANGEO Solving Systems of Equations Gr10Uploaded bywaleed
- A rational Falkner method for solvin initial value problems.Uploaded byHiginio
- L4.pdfUploaded byTAWFIQ RAHMAN
- 5.Method of Using LeibnitzUploaded byShubham

- Acid Base Disorders Worksheet3Uploaded bypraveen
- MicroUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- MicroUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- CAPE SociologyUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- QAWERUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Master List of BibliographiesUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Chapter 9Uploaded byroxy8marie8chan
- MT Self-Assessment REV 3Uploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Cheat Sheet 21Uploaded byLueshen Wellington
- CarrrUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- SaqwrfUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- GC 4253 L02 Exp01 Acid Base NeutralizationUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- 121_03_ExtraStoichiometryProblemsSOLUTIONF2006Uploaded byLueshen Wellington
- sssd.txtUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- New Doc 2017-07-23Uploaded byLueshen Wellington
- bblec6ABOSPG05.pdfUploaded byTahukah Kamu
- Teacher Salary ScheduleUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Emt ChapterUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Hm - Navedtra 14295b, Corpsman Manual, Medical RecordsUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- 2016 Accounting CalendarUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- AB Ws 015 Deriv Sin CosUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Edu 2015 Exam Fm Ques TheoryUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Cxc Mathematics June 05 P2 CopyUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Exercises on LogarithmsUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Actuarial_Notes.pdfUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Fm Determinants Interest RatesUploaded byGeorge Gerald
- Cxc Mathematics June 07 P2 CopyUploaded byLueshen Wellington
- Mod1Uploaded byLueshen Wellington
- 109-review-10Uploaded byLueshen Wellington
- EMT Basic Training Course ScheduleUploaded byLueshen Wellington

- WITH Clause the WITH QueryUploaded byfaisal216
- International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences Vol 2Uploaded bymurat yakar
- Cellular Telephone SystemUploaded byjayendra_1710
- Cyclone IV Device Datasheet(Cyiv-53001)Uploaded byDavidLagos
- mlogUploaded byjohnny0019
- STUnit-6Uploaded byRahul Narang
- T-Cell-Concept-in-WCDMA.pdfUploaded byVusal Suleymanov
- User's Guide for HP/Agilent 34401A multimeterUploaded byMarcos
- Lorusso - Email MarketingUploaded byWalter Basile
- Medical Biller/ CoderUploaded byapi-77235386
- Mesh Modeling-Editing VerticesUploaded bymaria
- Assignment - CDIO ActivityUploaded byTiffany's Love
- andere_func_spec_tutorial.pdfUploaded bysyabab07
- 2011 10 Physics Power Point NewUploaded byRajSaraswat
- Datasheet Griffin 824 09012015 EnUploaded byAnonymous abOKZAa
- IEC61499FAQsUploaded byaugur886
- ResultUploaded byRajesh Chaudhary
- 020-1189-00A_DC300_manualUploaded bysundar
- Safety Analysis for Electrical Power Steering (EPS)Uploaded byacmilan4eva1899
- SOLAR STREET LIGHTUploaded bySiddharth Joon
- Datasheet Genesys SuiteUploaded bynaviat204
- Final Mdi Brochure 2012Uploaded bySugandh Dhawan
- The Freemason s Monitor-thomas Smith WebbUploaded byjorgelins
- Switchgear_Elecrical_Standard_Product_RangeUploaded byGanesh Chandrashekar
- Simple Pcb designingUploaded bypraveen_banthi
- Router Audit Tool Securing Cisco Routers Easy 238Uploaded byHernán Márquez España
- ConfigUploaded bygyan1
- EBU R068-2000_Alignment Level in Digital Audio Production EquipmentUploaded bysromih
- ASEC Employment Form-hrd.docUploaded byfirman
- Labeling the MotherboardUploaded byKaan Knight Oznacar