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ATOZOFQUAILFARMINGANDPRODUCTION

Thequickbankerinanimalproduction
TherewerealotofmouthstofeedonanEgyptianbuildingsitesoifyouweren'temployed
asapyramidtechnicianyouwereprobablygrowingwheat,fruitandraisingquail.The
Egyptianssoonrealisedthatquailwereabrilliantsourceofproteinfortheirworkersso
establishedlargefarmsforbreedingthem.
Infact,quailweresocommonthattheyhadtheirownheiroglyph.Ifyouhaven'tstudied
Egyptianbeforethisisagoodplacetostart.
Step1)Drawanowl,aquailandsomewater.Step2)Putthemalltogetherandwhathave
yougot?ThewordMoonofcourse!That'sbecauseanowlispronouncedM,quailis
pronouncedOoandthesymbolforwaterispronouncedN.NexttimeyougotoanEgythian
restaurantwerecommendorderinganOeOmlet.
Thesedays,Egyptianmightnotbethatwidelyspokenanymorebutquailarestillan
importantsourceoffoodforboththemeatandeggsinalotofcountries.Quaileggsarein
factarguablymorenutritiousweightforweightthanchickenseggsbutmoreonthatlater.
Quailhavefeaturesinothercountriestoo.IntheFarEastrecordsofquailgobackasfaras
770BC.ItisthoughtthattheChinesequailistheancestorofmanyoftodaysbreeds.Quail
havebeenbreddomesticallyforover4,000years.
Unlikechickens,quailareverygoodatflying.Infacttheyaremigratorybirds.Mostmigrate
byflyingoftentravelingfromasfarasAfricatoEngland.Theyhavestrongflyingwingsbut
liketoglidewhentravelinglongdistances.Othermountainquailmigrateonfootfromhigh
tolowaltitudeinsmallgroups.
likechickenthewordquailhasfounditswayintotheEnglishlanguage.Theterm'quail'
meansto'shrinkbackinfearorcower'.Thisisnotourexperienceofquail
asidethisstory,italsorecordedinthebiblethatjehovahfeedthechildrenofisraelwith
quailmeatwhentheyrequestedforfoodwhileinthewilderness
Beforeigoon
amsureyouhaveyourreasonsforbuyingthisbook,youhaveheardthatquailbreedingisa
lucrativebusiness
youhavehadthatitsrequireminimalinvestmenttogetstarted
well,youarerightandyoumaybewrongalso,butthereasonisnotfarfetched.youareright
becauseitdoesrequireminimalinvestmenttogetstarted,lessstressfulwhencompared
withpoultryfarmingandotheradvantagessuchaslistedbelow
1.Requiresminimumfloorspace.
3.Quailsarecomparativelysturdybirds.
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ATOZOFQUAILFARMINGANDPRODUCTION
Thequickbankerinanimalproduction
4.Itcanbemarketedatanearlyage.(I,e:fiveweeks)
5.Earlysexualmaturitystartslayingeggsinaboutsixsevenweeksofage.
6.Highrateofegglaying280to295eggsperyear.
7.Quailmeatistastierthanchickenandhaslessfatcontent.
8.Itpromotesbodyandbraindevelopmentinchildren.
9.theycontainlesscholesterol.
10.Quailmeatandeggsareanutritiousdietforpregnantmothers.andlastly
11.theonlytreatmentofailmentsthroughaneggrecognizeallovertheworld
infact,youcouldcompareittotrevo
but again like i stated earlier,it has it disadvantages which is when you don't understand the
businessitself
sowhatdoineedtoknow?alotneedstoknownbeforestartinganyformofbusinessand
quailbusinessisnotexempted
1.planningthebusiness
itveryimportanttohaveabusinessplanbeforegoingintoquailfarming
iwouldsayyoushouldhavethemoneyneededfromdayonetothe6thweek,whichiswhen
youstartrecoveringyourinvestmentandstartmakingprofits,anydelayinfoodorother
thingswhichwillbestatedlatercouldleadtoloseswhichisnotagoodpracticein
business.sogetaplan.
moreso,thatyouarealreadyapoultryfarmerdoesnotguaranteeyoursuccessinquail
farmingalthoughthismayreducetheinitialinvestmentasyoumayhavesomeoftheitems
neededforquailbreeding.
thefollowingshouldbeconsideredwhenstartingoutinquailfarming
capital:
whetheryoustartingafreshorasapoultryfarmer,itimportanttohavearoughestimateof
expendituresfromdayofpurchasetoproductionandthentosales
Themarket:
beforeevensourcingforthecapitalneededforthisbusiness,amarketfeasibilitystudy
wouldberequiredtoknowifquaileggsaremarketableinyourlocation.anyshortcomingin
theabovelistcouldleadtoawasteoftimeandloseofcapital
Raisingcapital
thebestformofloansthisdaysarefromagriculturedevelopmentbanks
ifyoudon'thaveoneinyoustate,youmaydecidetogototheparticularstatewhichthis
banksaresituated
orlookforothermeansasstatedbelow
Familyrelation
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ATOZOFQUAILFARMINGANDPRODUCTION
Thequickbankerinanimalproduction
microfinancebanks
andcooperativesociety
Gettingstarted
letmehelpyouwithmystory
Igotitrightbystartingquailbreedingonasmallscale,ididthistogetabetter
understandingofwhatiwasgoinginto.
Istartedfromthedayoldchicks(thiswillbediscussedlater)wenttothehatchery
myself,sorryforgottotellyouiboughttheeggsforthehatcheryaswell
aftertwodays,ihadlost7chicksandinthespaceof10days,17quailchicksweregone(i
meandead).
ilostmostofthisquailbirdsjustfortworeasonsiwillbediscussinglater,sureihadother
pitfallsbutguesswhat,youboughtthisbooktoavoidthosepitfalls
belowarethematuritylevelofquailbirdssellableinthemarket..generallyspeaking,these
arethestartuppointsforquailbreeding
1.dayold
2.1weekold
3.2weeksold
4.pointoflay
Furtherexplanation:
dayoldchicksarechickshatchedthesamedayyoupurchasingthem,
thegoodsideofgettingdayoldchicksisthecost.
dayoldchickscostthelowest,but
dayoldchickshavehighmortalityrateplusthefactthatyoucannottellthemaletofemale
ratiowhichisadisadvantageforanewfarmer
Aweekold:thiscouldbethebestasanewfarmerinquailbreeding,why?youmaynot
needtoheattheirpenlikethedayoldchicks,youhavereducedmortalityratetoabout7
percentandtheonlythingneededatthispointisregularfeeding.butthecostisalways
higherthandayoldchicks
Twoweeksoldsameadvantageanddisadvantageasaweekoldchicks,butagainyou
don'talwaysgetthiskindofchicksreadilyavailableinthemarket
pointoflaythiscouldbethebestforyourbusinessasthechicksarenowmature
,mortalityrateisnowreducedtoabout1%andyoucandifferentiatebetweenfemaleand
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ATOZOFQUAILFARMINGANDPRODUCTION
Thequickbankerinanimalproduction
male
Thepitfallstoavoid
1.Baseonyourcapacityfinancially,youmaychoosetobreedquailsatanylevelofgrowth
butiwouldrecommendyougoforthedayto1weekold
2.youneedtoknowifthebreederyoubuyingthequailsfromhavebeenfeedingthemwell
enoughforthemtostartproducingeggsatthesixthweekifyougoingforquailsattheir
pointoflay
location:
althoughquailarealsocalledgamebirdswhichmeansthecanbebreedonalarge
expanseofland,itisnotsoinnigeriaandevenifwewanttopracticethatidon'tthinkany
individualwillputdownacresoflandsolelyforquailfarming.
withthatbeensaid,iwouldrecomentyoulocateyourquailfarmoutskirtorlesspopulated
areas.anuncompletedbuildingmaygoalongway,asitisnotyetoccupied,thereason
beenthatmostbirdsdontlikenoise.
acageatyourbackyardmayalsobegoodforthechicks,oryoumay,justlocatethem
anywheresuitableforanimalstobealone
Housing
housingquailisjustthesamewaychickenarehoused,theonlydifferencebeenthatthey
aresmallerwhencomparedwithchickenssothecagesorpensareusuallysmalltoo
housingforthedayoldchicks
dayoldchicksto3weeksoldareusuallyhousedinacloset
usuallyaroomorsomekindofenclosedcagesasshownbelow
ipreferaroomduetomymethods
ie6metersinbregthand10metersinlength
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ATOZOFQUAILFARMINGANDPRODUCTION
Thequickbankerinanimalproduction
dependingontheirnumbers
aregularbrownboxcantakeabout20chicks
temperaturecontrol
oneofthereasonilostsomeofthebirdswhenifirststartedwasbecauseidon'tknow
therequiredtemperatureforquailchicks(dayto1weekold)
thechicksattheselevelofgrowthrequire50to60degreecelsiusofheat,definitelyabove
thebodytemperature..idon'tknowwhy,butthatsjustwhattheyneedtobealive,
andhowdoyougeneratetheheatforthequailswithallthenepaandphcnproblemwe
haveinourcountry
offcoursewehaveanalternativewhichisthecoalstove,charcoalstoveifyoudon'tget
myfirststatement
howdoidoit
bycloseobservation,ihavefoundthatacoalstovecanserveuptoahundredto3hundred
birdsdependingonthesizeyouusing
thebaseofthecoalstovewilljustbewideenoughtoletoutitheatswithoutlettingoutthe
coalsoastonotgetthechickskilled
coalstove
whichmeans2to3coalstovewillserve3hundredbirds
rememberthisisforadayoldto1weekold
dependingonhowfastthechicksareabletogrowunderyourcarethemaximumnumber
ofdaysforcontrollingthetemperatureintheroomorpenis14days
whiletheminimumis1weekafterwhichyoutransferthemtoaregularcageorapen
cagingquails
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ATOZOFQUAILFARMINGANDPRODUCTION
Thequickbankerinanimalproduction
becausequailsareflightbirdsitwillgoodiftheyarebreededinlargerpenthatcan
accommodateflight,liketheseonebelow
butifyoudonthavethecapitalforsuchyoucanbreedupto1000quailswitha4by8cage
athreestepcage
thisisasystemiusepersonallythoughigotthecagingmethodonline
igotacarpentertoconstructthecageaccordingtothispicsaboveandiusedthekindof
netuseinpoultryfarmingtocoverthecages
thebaseisnotporouslikethatofchicken,
anditshouldalsobespaciousenoughtoallowfordrinkersandfeederstopassinthrough
thedoors
notedayoldchicksareusuallybreedinanenclosedspace,whichmaybeacageor
speciallymadeforthemoraroom,withtherequiredtemperature
thechickswillnotbemovetothecagestilltheyare3weeksold.thisisveryimportant
itisatthisstagethequailswon'tneedasmuchattentionastheweekolds
hopeyougettingme
feeds:
quailsarefeedaccordingtotheirmaturitylevel
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ATOZOFQUAILFARMINGANDPRODUCTION
Thequickbankerinanimalproduction
soinordertomakemyexplanationsimpletounderstand,ihavedecidedtobreakitdown
intocategories
starterfeedsthisarefeedsfortheforthedayoldto3weeksold,
thisfeedsarehighinproteinthereforegoodforthechicks
moesotheiraredifferentkindofstarterfeedbuttheoneiusewhichisconsideredthebest
isthe,topfeeds
growersfeedsormesh:theseisfeedtothe3weeksoldandabove
layers/finishersmesh:thefinishersmesharefeedtoquailsfromthe6thweekandthen
continuously
feeding:
thefeedsforthedayoldchickstothe3weeksoldareusuallyplacedonaflattenedsurface
egacottononthefloorsoastonothinderthechicksfromgettingtotheirfood,
afterthethirdweekyoucannowputtheirfeedintheproperfeedwhichisthesameasthe
oneusedinpoultryfarming
Typeofdrinkers
andfeeders
marketing
amsureyoualreadyhavethisinmindbeforestartingtoreadthisbookthattheendresult
shouldbesales
themarket
beforeyoucanthriveinthisbusiness,iwouldadviceyounetworkwithotherfarmerslike
you,thiswillhelpyougaintheneededbalancebeforeyoustartlookingforothermarkets
thereasonbeingthatthisfarmersmaygetordersbeyondtheircapacitywhichwillmake
themcomeafteryouprovidedyouhavewhattheyneed
2.supermarkets:youcouldsupplysupermarketsespeciallylargeones
3.hotels
startupbreeders:
startupbreedersmaymakeyoumoremoneythananyofthelistedmarketsabovearethey
usuallybuyquaileggsinlargequantity.
challenges:thechallengesyoumayfaceincludesthefollowingbutnotlimitedto
1. Theeducationallevelofyourmarket
2. gettingclientbase
3. makingspecialcreatesandmore
tomakethisbookworththemoneyandtogiveaproperreadytouseinformationinthis
venture
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ATOZOFQUAILFARMINGANDPRODUCTION
Thequickbankerinanimalproduction
ihavedecidedtomakeachartoftheprocessesandneedsneededtomakeasuccessful
quailfarm
productionchartfor1000quailbirds
purchasechart
maturitylevelamountperchickamountfor1000birds
dayoldchicks 150(=N=) 150,000
1weekold 300 300,000
2weeksold 350 350,000
5weeksold 500 500,000
likeisaidearlieritwillbegoodifyoustartfromthedayto1weekold
youmayalsoscaleupbyhavingmorethan1000chicksorscaledowntolessthan1000
chicks
materialchartfor1000quailbirds
items quantity costperitem total
bagsofcoal 5 1200(=N=) 6000
coalpots 4 1800 7200
drinkers 15 170 2550
feeders 30 180 5400
theabovechartisforthematerialanditemsthatwillbeneededinbreeding1000quail
chicksstartingfromthdayoldchicks
exceptions
Thisitemmaynotbeneededifyouarealreadyapoultryfarmer
Feedschartfor1000quailbirdstillthesixthweek
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ATOZOFQUAILFARMINGANDPRODUCTION
Thequickbankerinanimalproduction
Furtherexplanation:
Itmeansthat1000quailchicksfrom1weekoldto3weekwillfeedon75kgoffeedsie
fromthedayofhatchingtilltheyare3weeksold
4weeksoldchicksto6wksoldwillfeedon100to12kkgoffeeds
onethingileftoutthischartiscostper25kgasitoftensoldinthemarket
Thisisjusttogiveyouanideaoftheexpectedcostforthefeedsattheirvariousmaturity
level
producechart
numberofquail
birds
numberofeggs
perday
numberof
createperday
amountper
creates
totalsalesper
day
1000 450 15 =N=700 10500
theabovechartproofsthatyoushouldbeabletorecoveryourentireinvestmentafter2
monthsandstillhavesomeprofitsassaving
tohaveaquickreviewofthepotentialearninginquailfarming
letdoabriefcalculation
numberofquailbirds................1000
numberofcreateperday...........15
costpercreate...........................700
dailysales..................................10500
monthlysales.............................273000(26daysx10500)
forfurtherinformationcontact
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