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The Side Drainage Analysis and Design Report (Mr Wei,QQ 345862750)

1.0 Applicability

1) The Analysis and Design Report is used for the Stone Masonry Side Drainage;

Figure1-1 Stone Masonry Side Drainage Dimensions (units: m)

Standards

AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 4th Edition, 2007.

Specification For Masonary Structure (ACI 530-05/ASCE 5-05/TMS 402-05).

BRIDGE DESIGN MANUAL -2002 (EAR)

1.2Major Dimension

h =height of Section A-A= 0.8 m = 800 mm

f'c =Specified Compressive Strength of Masonry= 35 MPa

Em=modulus of elasticity of mosonry in compression 25000 MPa

r=b=radius of gyration= 420 (mm) = 0.42 m

I

n

=moment of inertia of gross cross-sectional area

of a member=1/12*1*b^3= 0.006174

m

4

6174000000

mm

4

Area=0.42*1.0= 0.336

m

2

Q=first moment about the neutral axis of a section of that portion of the cross section

lying between the neutral axis and extreme fiber=(1/8)*1*b^2=

22050000

mm

3

Figure1-1 Section A-A (units: m)

2.0Loads

2.1DC-Dead Load Structural Load

Figure2-1 DC Model (units: m)

P

DC Slap

=0.5*0.1556*25*1= 1.945 kN/m

2

P

DC wall

=0.42*0.8*24*1= 8.064 kN/m

2.2EH - Horizontal Earth Pressure

Figure2-2 EH Model (units: mm)

The soil extends to the foundation with the following properties:

s

= 20

kN/m

3

f

= 28.3

Active earth pressure coefficient for cohesionless soils:

0.357

The lateral earth pressure is assumed to be linearly proportional to the depth of earth and taken as:

[LRFD 3.11.5.1-1]

Where,

p =lateral earth pressure (MPa)

=density of soil (kN/m

3

)

z=depth below the surface of earth (mm)

P

1

=

0.357*20*0.8*(10

-3)

=

0.00571

kN/m

2

P

H1

= 0.00228 kN/m

e

long1

=0.4H= 0.32 m

M

long1

=P

H1

*e

long1

= 0.00073 kN*m/m

2.3 Live Load Surcharge [LRFD 3.6.1.2.5]

Figure2-3 Live Load Surcharge Model (units: m)

A live load surcharge shall be applied where a vehicular load is expected to act on the surface of the backfill

within a distance equal to one-half the wall height behind the back face of the wall. [LRFD 3.11.6.4]

h =equivalent height of soil for vehicular load (mm).In this design,for Height=800(mm)<1500mm,

use, h

eq

= 1200 mm 1.2 m [LRFD Table 3.11.6.4-1

W

L

= heq*s= 24

kN/m

2

p = k

a

W

L

h = 6.85

kN/m

2

2

(45 / 2) = =

a f

k tg

=

a s

p k z

s

1

1

( )

2

PH =

0AO

0AO

0AO

0AO

3

P

H

= p*h= 5.48 kN/m

e= 0.40 m

M

long

= P

H

*e= 2.19 kN*m/m

Table 2.1 unfactored axial loads and moments for Section A-A

P

(kN)

M

(kN*m)

P

(kN)

M

(kN*m)

EH 0.00228 0.00073

LS 5.48 2.19

P

DC Slap

1.95 0

P

DC wall

8.06 0

3.0Load combinations

STRENGTH I

Max=1.25DC+1.75LS+1.5EH

Table 3.1-1 Factored axial loads and moments for Section A-A

P

(kN)

M

long

(kN*m)

N

(kN)

M

long

(kN*m)

EH 0.00343 0.00110

LS 9.60 3.84

P

DC Slap

2.43 0.00

P

DC wall

10.08 0.00

9.5996 3.840 2.431 0.00

4.0Axial compression and flexure [ACI 2.2.3]

4.1Members subjected to axial compression,flexure,or to combined axial compression and flexure shall

be designed to satisfy Eq.(2-10) and Eq.(2-11).

[ACI Eq.(2-10)]

[ACI Eq.(2-11)]

Where :

For members having an h/r ratio not greater than 99:

f

a

--calculated compressive stress in masonry due to axial load only (Mpa)

f

b

--calculated compressive stress in masonry due to flexure only (Mpa)

P

e

--Euler buckling load (N)

f

a

=N/A= 7.2

f

b

= 0.0

In this design, h/r=0.8/0.42 1.9 < 99

[ACI Eq.(2-12)]

F

a

= 8.7

[ACI Eq.(2-14)]

F

b

= 11.7

Vertical Horizontal

Load

Load

Horizontal Vertical

1

a b

a b

f f

F F

+

1

( )

4

e

P P

' 2

(1/ 4) [1 ( ) ]

140

a m

h

F f

r

=

'

1

3

b m

F f =

0AO

0AO

0AO

0AO

0AO

4

0.8 < 1.0 O.K.

P

e

--Euler buckling load (N)

e=M/N= 0

2380270999 N

595067750 N > 2431.3 N O.K.

5.0 Shear

5.1Shear stresses due to forces acting in the direction considered shall be computed in accordance with Eq.(2-

[ACI Eq.(2-16)]

where:

V=shear force (N) 9599.6 N

f

v

=calculated shear stress in masonry (MPa)

0.0816 MPa < 0.827 MPa O.K.

5.2 In -plane shear stresses shall not exceed any of: [ACI 2.2.5.2]

(a)

(b) 827 kPa

8.87 MPa > 0.0816 Mpa O.K.

a b

a b

f f

F F

+ =

2

3

2

(1 0.577 )

m n

e

E I e

P

h r

=

e

P =

1

4

e

P =

v

n

VQ

f

I b

=

v

f =

'

1.5

m

f

'

1.5

m

f =

v

f =

0AO

0AO

0AO

0AO

0AO

0AO

0AO

0AO 0AO

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