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DTU/2K13/B01/0155

DELHI TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY





PROGRAMMING LAB





Name : Piyush Menghani
Roll Number : DTU/2K13/B01/0159
Group : B01






DTU/2K13/B01/0155


INDEX
S.No. Practicals Date Remarks
1 Program to Calculate Simple Interest
2 Program to find sum and average of 10 numbers
3 Program to find Greatest of 10 numbers
4 Program to check whether entered number is prime or not
5 Program to implement switch - case statement
6 Program for Fibonacci series
7 Program to find the sum of digits of a five digit number
8 Program to reverse a five digit number
9 Program to find area and perimeter of a circle, rectangle,
square and triangle using function

10 Program to find factorial using recursion
11 Program to find the number of vowels in the entered string
12 Program to check whether the entered string is palindrome or
not

13 Program to convert Uppercase to Lower and Vice-Versa
14 Program for converting number to binary and vice versa
15 Program to implement bitwise operators
16 Program to print given pattern
1
12
123
1234
12345

17 Program for addition of two 3x3 matrix
18 Program for multiplication of two 3x3 matrix
19 Program to search a number from array of numbers
20 Program to generate employee details using structure
21 Program to sort an array using insertion sort/selection sort
22 Program to pass and return a pointer to a function
23 Program to pass an array to function as pointer and calculate


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the sum of its elements
24 Program to read a file and write into another file after
converting all lowercase characters to uppercase

25 Program to find the length of the string without using
predefined functions



DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 1
File name: prg1.c
/* Q1 Program to Calculate Simple Interest*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int main()
{
float p,t,r,si;
clrscr();
printf("Enter the principal amount:");
scanf("%f",&p);
printf("Enter the rate of interest per annum:");
scanf("%f",&r);
printf("Enter the time(in years):");
scanf("%f",&t);
si=(float)(p*r*t)/100;
printf("The simple interest is: %f",si);
printf("\nThe final amount is: %f",p+si);
getch();
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:

















DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 2
File Name: prg2.c
/* Q2 Program to find sum and average of 10 numbers*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int main()
{
int i,data; float avg,sum=0;
clrscr();
for(i=1;i<=10;i++)
{
printf("Enter number %d:",i);
scanf("%d",&data);
sum+=data;
}
avg=(float)sum/10;
printf("The sum of entered numbers is: %f",sum);
printf("\nThe average of entered numbers is: %f",avg);
getch();
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:













DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 3
File Name: prg3.c
/*Q3 Program to find Greatest of 10 numbers*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int main()
{
int max,n,i;
clrscr();
printf("Enter number 1 :");
scanf("%d",&max);
for(i=0;i<9;i++)
{
printf("Enter number %d :",i+2);
scanf("%d",&n);
if(n>max)
max=n;
}
printf("The greatest number is: %d",max);
getch();
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:

















DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 4
File name: prg4.c
/*Q4 Program to check whether entered number is prime or not*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int main()
{
int data,i,found=0;
clrscr();
printf("Program to check if a number is prime or not");
printf("\nEnter the number to be checked:");
scanf("%d",&data);
if(data==1||data==2)
printf("The number is neither prime nor composite");
else
{
for(i=2;i<data;i++)
{
if(data%i==0)
found++;
}

if(found)
printf("\nNot Prime");
else
printf("\nPrime");
}
getch();
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:









DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 5
File name: prg5.c
/*Q5 Program to implement switch - case statement*/
#include<stdio.h>
int main()
{
char ch;
int a,b,f;
printf("Menu : \n\ta. Addition \n\tb. Multiply\n");
printf("\nEnter your choice\t");
scanf("%c",&ch);
switch (ch)
{
case 'a' :
printf("\nEnter the two numbers to be added\t");
scanf("%d%d",&a,&b);
f=a+b;
printf("The sum is\t%d",f);
break;
case 'b' :
printf("\nEnter the two numbers to be multiplied\t");
scanf("%d%d",&a,&b);
f=a*b;
printf("The sum is\t%d",f);
break;
default :
printf("Wrong choice");
break;
}
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:






DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 6
File name: prg6.c
/* Q6. Program to print fibbonaci series*/
#include<stdio.h>
int main()
{
int i,n,f=0,a=0,b=1;
printf("Enter the number of terms\t");
scanf("%d",&n);
for(i=0;i<n-1;i++)
{
f=f+a;
a=b;
b=f;
printf("%d",f);
}
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:


























DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 7
File name: prg7.c
/*Q7 Program to find the sum of digits of a five digit number*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int main()
{
long data; int rem,sum=0;
clrscr();
printf("Enter a 5 digit number:");
scanf("%ld",&data);
while(data>0)
{
rem=data%10;
sum+=rem;
data=data/10;
}
printf("The sum of digits is: %d",sum);
getch();
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:
















DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 8
File name: prg8.c
/*Q8 Program to reverse a five digit number*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int main()
{
long data,rev=0; int rem;
clrscr();
printf("enter the number:");
scanf("%ld",&data);
while(data>0)
{
rem=data%10;
rev=rev*10+rem;
data=data/10;
}
printf("The reverse of the number is: %ld",rev);
getch();
return 0;
}
OUTPUT:







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PROGRAM 9
File name: prg9.c
/*Q9. Program to find area and perimeter of a circle, rectangle, square and triangle using
function*/
#include<stdio.h>
#define PI 3.1415
void circle();
void rectangle();
void square();
void triangle();

int main()
{
int ch;
printf("Area and Perimeter Menu :\n1.Circle\n2.Rectangle\n3.Square\n4.Triangle\n\nEnter
your Choice");
scanf("%d",&ch);
switch(ch)
{
case 1 : circle();
break;

case 2 : rectangle();
break;

case 3 : square();
break;

case 4 : triangle();
break;

default : printf("Wrong Choice");
};
return 0;
}

void circle()
{
float r;
printf("Enter the radius");
scanf("%d",&r);
printf("Circle\nArea %f\n",PI*r*r);
printf("Perimeter %f\n",2*PI*r);
}


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void rectangle()
{
float x,y;
printf("Rectangle\nArea %f\n",x*y);
printf("Perimeter %f",2*x+2*y);
}
void square()
{
float x;
printf("Square\nArea %f\n",x*x);
printf("Perimeter %f",4*x);
}
void triangle()
{
float b,h,c,s;
s=(b*b+h*h);
c=power(s,0.5);
printf("Triangle\nArea %f\n",0.5*b*h);
printf("Perimeter %f\n",b+h+c);
}
float power(float x,float y)
{
int f=1;
for(int i=1;i<=y;i++)
f=f*x;
return(f);
}

OUTPUT:







DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 10
File name: prg10.c
/*Q10 Program to find factorial using recursion*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
long fact(int );
int main()
{
int n; long fac;
clrscr();
printf("Enter the number: ");
scanf("%d",&n);
fac=fact(n);
if(fac==0)
printf("\nInvalid input");
else
printf("The factorial is: %ld ",fac);

getch();
return 0;
}
long fact(int n)
{
if(n>0)
{
if(n==0||n==1)
return 1;
else
return n*fact(n-1);
}
else
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:







DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 11
File name: prg11.c
/* Q11 Program to find the number of vowels in the entered string*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
#include<ctype.h>
int main()
{
char s[50];int i,vow=0,cons=0;
clrscr();
printf("Enter a string: ");
gets(s);
printf("\nThe string is as follows:\n");
printf("%s",s);
for(i=0;s[i]!='\0';i++)
{
s[i]=(islower(s[i])?toupper(s[i]):s[i]);
if(s[i]=='A'||s[i]=='E'||s[i]=='I'||s[i]=='O'||s[i]=='U')
vow++;
else
cons++;
}
printf("\nNumber of Vowels: %d",vow);
printf("\nNumber of Consonants: %d",cons);
getch();
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:












DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 12
File name: prg12.c
/*Q12 Program to check if the string is a palindrome using pointers*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int main()
{
char str[30];
clrscr();
char *p,*t;
printf("Enter a string: ");
gets(str);
for(p=str;*p!=NULL;p++);
for(t=str,p--;p>=t;)
{
if(*p==*t)
{
p--;
t++;
}
else
break;
}
if(t>p)
printf("\nString is a palindrome");
else
printf("\nString is not a palindrome");

getch();
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:












DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 13
File name: prg13.c
/*Q13 Program to convert Uppercase to Lower and Vice-Versa*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
#include<ctype.h>
int main()
{
char s[50]; int i;
clrscr();
printf("Enter a string:\n");
gets(s);
printf("\nThe entered string is as follows:\n");
printf("%s",s);
for(i=0;s[i]!='\0';i++)
{
if(islower(s[i]))
s[i]=toupper(s[i]);
else if(isupper(s[i]))
s[i]=tolower(s[i]);
}
printf("\nNew String:\n");
printf("%s",s);
getch();
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:












DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 14
File name: prg14.c
/*Q14 Program for converting number to binary and vice versa */
#include<stdio.h>
void dectobin(void);
void bintodec(void);
int pow(int ,int );
int main()
{
int ch;
printf("Menu : \n1. Decimal To Binary\n2. Binary to Decimal\nEnter your Choice\t");
scanf("%d",&ch);
switch(ch)
{
case 1: dectobin();
break;
case 2: bintodec();
break;
default: printf("Wrong Choice");
break;
}
return 0;
}

void dectobin()
{
int i,num,r[100],count;
printf("\nEnter the number\t");
scanf("%d",&num);
for(i=0,count=0;num!=0;i++,count++)
{
r[i]=num%2;
num=num/2;
}
printf("Binary is ");
for(i=count-1;i>=0;i--)
{
printf("%d",r[i]);
}

}
void bintodec()
{
int i,num,r[100],count,sum=0;
printf("Enter the binary\t");
scanf("%d",&num);
for(count=0;num!=0;count++)


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{
r[count]=num%10;
sum=sum+pow(2,count)*r[count];
num=num/10;
}
printf("The number is %d",sum);
}
int pow(int number, int index)
{
int i,f=1;
for(i=0;i<index;i++)
{
f=f*number;
}
return f;
}

OUTPUT:





DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 15
File name: prg15.c
/*Q15Program to implement bitwise operator */
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int main()
{
long int num,nnumb,numb,c,nnum;
printf("Enter a Number=");
scanf("%ld",&num);
printf("Enter a Number=");
scanf("%ld",&numb);
printf("\nMenu:\nPress 1 for Left Shift");
printf("\nPress 2 for Right Shift");
printf("\nPress 3 for OR operator");
printf("\nPress 4 for AND operator");
printf("\nPress 5 for XOR operator");
printf("\nEnter your choice:-");
scanf("%ld",&c);
switch(c)
{
case 1:nnum=num<<1;
printf("Left shift of %ld by 1= %ld",num,nnum);
nnumb=numb<<1;
printf("\nLeft shift of %ld by 1= %ld",numb,nnumb);break;
case 2:nnum=num>>1;
printf("Right shift of %ld by 1= %ld",num,nnum);
nnumb=numb>>1;
printf("\nRight shift of %ld by 1= %ld",numb,nnumb);break;
case 3:nnum=num|numb;
printf("%ld OR %ld= %ld",num,numb,nnum);break;
case 4:nnum=num&numb;
printf("%ld AND %ld= %ld",num,numb,nnum);break;
case 5:nnum=num^numb;
printf("%ld XOR %ld= %ld",num,numb,nnum);break;
default:printf("\nINVALID INPUT");break;
}
getch();
}
OUTPUT:






DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 16
File name: prg16.c
/*Q16 To print the given type of pattern*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int main()
{
int n,i,j;
clrscr();
do
{
printf("Enter the number of rows <=25: ");
scanf("%d",&n);
}while(n<1||n>25);
for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
{
for(j=1;j<=i;j++)
printf("%d",j);
printf("\n");
}
getch();
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:















DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 17
File name: prg17.c
/* Q17 Program for addition of two 3x3 matrix*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
void input(int [][3]);
void display(int [][3]);
void add(int [][3],int [][3],int [][3]);
int main()
{
int a[3][3],b[3][3],c[3][3];
clrscr();
printf("Enter the matrix 1:\n");
input(a);
printf("Enter the matrix 2:\n");
input(b);
printf("Displaying the matrix 1:\n");
display(a);
printf("Dipslaying the matrix 2:\n");
display(b);
add(a,b,c);
printf("Displaying the new matrix:\n");
display(c);
getch();
return 0;
}
void input(int a[][3])
{
int r,c;
for(r=0;r<3;r++)
{
for(c=0;c<3;c++)
{
printf("Enter element (%d,%d): ",r+1,c+1);
scanf("%d",&a[r][c]);
}
}
}
void display(int a[][3])
{
int r,c;
for(r=0;r<3;r++)
{
for(c=0;c<3;c++)
printf("%d ",a[r][c]);
printf("\n");
}
}
void add(int a[][3],int b[][3],int d[][3])
{
int r,c;


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for(r=0;r<3;r++)
{
for(c=0;c<3;c++)
d[r][c]=a[r][c]+b[r][c];
}
}

OUTPUT:































DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 18
File name: prg18.c
/*Q18 Program for multiplication of two 3x3 matrix*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
void input(int [][3]);
void display(int [][3]);
void multiply(int [][3],int [][3],int [][3]);
int main()
{
int a[3][3],b[3][3],c[3][3];
clrscr();
printf("Enter the matrix 1:\n");
input(a);
printf("Enter the matrix 2:\n");
input(b);
printf("Displaying the matrix 1:\n");
display(a);
printf("Dipslaying the matrix 2:\n");
display(b);
multiply(a,b,c);
printf("Displaying the new matrix:\n");
display(c);
getch();
return 0;
}
void input(int a[][3])
{
int r,c;
for(r=0;r<3;r++)
{
for(c=0;c<3;c++)
{
printf("Enter element (%d,%d): ",r+1,c+1);
scanf("%d",&a[r][c]);
}
}
}
void display(int a[][3])
{
int r,c;
for(r=0;r<3;r++)
{
for(c=0;c<3;c++)
printf("%d ",a[r][c]);
printf("\n");
}
}
void multiply(int a[][3],int b[][3],int d[][3])
{
int r,c,l;


DTU/2K13/B01/0155


for(r=0;r<3;r++)
{
for(c=0;c<3;c++)
{
d[r][c]=0;
for(l=0;l<4;l++)
d[r][c]+=a[r][l]*b[l][c];
}
}
}

OUTPUT:






























DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 19
File name: prg19.c
/*Q19 Program to search a number from array of numbers*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
void input(int [],int &);
void display(int [],int );
int lsearch(int [],int ,int );
int main()
{
int a[100],n,data,x;
clrscr();
printf("Enter the array:\n");
input(a,n);
printf("Displaying the array:\n");
display(a,n);
printf("Enter the number you want to search: ");
scanf("%d",&data);
x=lsearch(a,n,data);
if(x==0)
printf("Element not found");
else
printf("Element found at position: %d",x);
getch();
return 0;
}
void input(int a[],int &n)
{
do
{
printf("Enter the number of elements <=100: ");
scanf("%d",&n);
}while(n<1||n>100);
int i;
for(i=0;i<n;i++)
{
printf("Enter element %d: ",i+1);
scanf("%d",&a[i]);
}
}
void display(int a[],int n)
{
int i;
for(i=0;i<n;i++)
printf("%d ",a[i]);
printf("\n");
}
int lsearch(int a[],int n,int data)
{


DTU/2K13/B01/0155


int i=0,found=0;
while((i<n)&&!(found))
{
if(a[i]==data)
found++;
i++;
}

if(found)
return i;
else
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:












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PROGRAM 20
File name: prg20.c
/*Q20 Program to generate employee details using structure*/
#include<stdio.h>
struct employee
{
char name[20];
int day;
char month[10];
int year;
float salary;
};

int main()
{
struct employee e1;
printf("Enter Employee e1 details\n");
scanf("%s %d %s %d %f", e1.name,&e1.day,e1.month,&e1.year,&e1.salary);
printf("%s %d %s %d %f\n", e1.name,e1.day,e1.month,e1.year,e1.salary);
return 0;
}

OUTPUT:






















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PROGRAM 21
File name: prog21.c
/*Program to sort an array using insertion sort/selection sort*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
void input(int [],int &);
void display(int [],int );
void Isort(int [],int );
int main()
{
clrscr();
int a[100],n;
input(a,n);
printf("Displaying the array:\n");
display(a,n);
Isort(a,n);
printf("\nDisplaying the sorted array:\n");
display(a,n);
getch();
return 0;
}
void input(int a[],int &n)
{
int i;
do
{
printf("Enter the number of elements<=100: ");
scanf("%d",&n);
}while(n<1||n>100);

for(i=0;i<n;i++)
{
printf("Element %d: ",i+1);
scanf("%d",&a[i]);
}
}
void display(int a[],int n)
{
int i;
for(i=0;i<n;i++)
printf("%d ",a[i]);
}
void Isort(int a[],int n)
{
int i,temp,j;
for(i=1;i<n;i++)
{


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temp=a[i];
j=i-1;
while((temp<a[j])&&(j>=0))
{
a[j+1]=a[j];
j--;
}
a[j+1]=temp;
}
}

OUTPUT:






























DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 22
File name :prog22.c
/*Program to pass and return a pointer to a function(checking which number is larger)*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int *larger(int *,int *);
int main()
{
int a,b;
clrscr();
int *result;
printf("Enter number 1: ");
scanf("%d",&a);
printf("Enter number 2: ");
scanf("%d",&b);
result=larger(&a,&b);
printf("The larger number is: %d",*result);
getch();
return 0;
}
int *larger(int *x,int *y)
{
if(*x>*y)
return x;
else
return y;
}

OUTPUT:
















DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 23
File Name: prog23.c
/* Program to pass an array to function as pointer and calculate the sum of its elements */
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
void input(int [],int &);
void display(int *,int );
int sum(int [],int );
int main()
{
int a[100];
int n;
clrscr();
input(a,n);
display(a,n);
int result=sum(a,n);
printf("The sum of all elements of array is: %d",result);
getch();
return 0;
}
void input(int a[],int &n)
{
do
{
printf("Enter the number of elements <=100: ");
scanf("%d",&n);
}while(n<1||n>100);
int i;
for(i=0;i<n;i++)
{
printf("Element %d:",i+1);
scanf("%d",&a[i]);
}
}
void display(int a[],int n)
{
printf("\nDisplaying the array:\n");
int i;
for(i=0;i<n;i++)
printf("%d ",a[i]);
printf("\n");
}
int sum(int *x,int n)
{
int i,add=0;
for(i=0;i<n;i++)
add+=*x++;


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return add;
}

OUTPUT:






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PROGRAM 24
File Name: prog24.c
/* Program to read a file and write into another file after converting all lowercase characters to
uppercase */
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
#include<ctype.h>
void create(char []);
void display(char []);
void manipulate(char []);
int main()
{
clrscr();
char name[20];
printf("Enter the name of the file: ");
gets(name);
printf("Enter the contents of the file:\n");
create(name);
printf("Displaying the contents of the file:\n");
display(name);
manipulate(name);
printf("Displaying the new file:\n");
display("New");
getch();
return 0;
}
void create(char name[])
{
FILE *fp;
fp=fopen(name,"w");
char c;
while((c=getchar())!=EOF)
putc(c,fp);
fclose(fp);
}
void display(char name[])
{
FILE *fp;
fp=fopen(name,"r");
char c;
while((c=getc(fp))!=EOF)
printf("%c",c);
fclose(fp);
}
void manipulate(char name[])
{
FILE *fp1,*fp2;


DTU/2K13/B01/0155


char c;
fp1=fopen(name,"r");
fp2=fopen("New","w");
while((c=getc(fp1))!=EOF)
{
c=(islower(c))?toupper(c):c;
putc(c,fp2);
}
fclose(fp1);
fclose(fp2);
}
OUTPUT:










DTU/2K13/B01/0155


PROGRAM 25
File name:prog25.c
/* Program to find the length of the string without using predefined functions */
#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int slen(char []);
int main()
{
char str[100];
int n;
clrscr();
printf("Enter a string <100 characters long: ");
gets(str);
n=slen(str);
printf("\nThe length of the string is: %d",n);


getch();
return 0;
}
int slen(char s[])
{ int i;
for(i=0;s[i]!='\0';i++);
return i;
}

OUTPUT:











DTU/2K13/B01/0155










DTU/2K13/B01/0155




DTU/2K13/B01/0155




DTU/2K13/B01/0155