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Docente: Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA






INSTITUTO DE EDUCACIN SUPERIOR PEDAGGICO
PBLICO JOS SANTOS CHOCANO
BAGUA GRANDE UCTUBAMBA AMAZONAS
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MISIN
El Instituto de Educacin Superior Pedaggico Pblico
JOS SANTOS CHOCANO forma profesores
competentes en Educacin Bsica Regular as como a
nios y adolescentes para su incursin en el mundo
laboral, acadmico y social mediante un sistema de
enseanza de calidad acorde a las exigencias y
estndares del Sistema de Evaluacin, Acreditacin y
Certificacin de la Calidad de la Educacin del sistema
educativo peruano.

VISIN
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Aspiramos al 2017 ser una institucin renovada y
moderna al servicio de la poblacin estudiantil basada en
un modelo de gestin por resultados y un sistema
interactivo de comunicacin e informacin con
predominancia de lo digital. Una institucin caracterizada
por la transparencia, eficiencia y eficacia que promueve
el desarrollo integral de las competencias profesionales y
humanas necesarias para la convivencia e integracin en
una sociedad global, competitiva y compleja.





INTRODUCCIN
El presente mdulo de Ingls VII tiene como finalidad brindar a los estudiantes de la
especialidad de Computacin e Informtica, contenidos gramaticales, lexicales, fonticos y
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culturales de un idioma diferente al suyo como herramienta que apoya el aprendizaje
cientfico centrndose principalmente en el uso de recursos multimedia y videos, Adems
se realizarn ejemplificaciones sobre casos concretos de la carrera profesional de
computacin informtica, donde se presenta al estudiante los conceptos avanzados del
idioma y los pone en prctica en un contexto didctico-terico, haciendo uso de
vocabulario de la vida cotidiana, respondiendo a las demandas del contexto
socioeducativo y actuando como agente social con respeto y valoracin. Tambin se
propone un conjunto de actividades que le permitirn al estudiante poner en prctica lo
que aprende de manera que se haga una autoevaluacin sobre sus avances y lo que an
necesita mayor refuerzo, buscando en otras fuentes o pidiendo ayuda a personas expertas
en los contenidos considerados en el presente material de consulta.
Este documento ha sido desarrollado teniendo en cuenta las unidades de competencia,
criterios de desempeo, indicadores, contenido, productos y estrategias consignadas en
el silabo del rea en mencin.
El mdulo de autoaprendizaje est estructurado en dos unidades, la primera unidad se
denomina " The time grammar y la segunda unidad corresponde a Its time to go.






COMPETENCIAS
COMPETENCIA TRANSVERSAL UNIDADES DE COMPETENCIA
Aplica el rigor cientfico en el procesamiento C1: Domina estructuras gramaticales como la
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de la informacin para elaborar productos
acadmicos.
vos pasiva, verbos en gerundio, infinitivo,
condicionales, expresiones de reporte y
pronombres relativos para elaborar
oraciones, textos escritos teniendo en
cuenta el uso adecuado de la gramtica.













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CONTENIDO PROGRAMATICO
N CONTENIDOS SEMANA
01 Active and Passive voice in present: verb to be (am-is-are)
and (was- were); verbs in past participle.
1y 2
02 Practice/Reading Comprehension 3y4
03 Gerund (verbs + ing)
04 Infinitives (verbs + to + infinitive) 4 y 5
04 Practice/Drill of exercises
06 Zero conditional 6 y 7
07 First conditional
08 Practice 8 y 9
09 Second conditional
10 Third conditional 10 y 11
11 Practice
12 I wish 12 y 13
13 Reported speech
14 Practice 14 y 15
15 Relative pronouns (who/that/which/whose/ where)
16 Cuestionarios de autoevaluacin y coevaluacin 16 y 17
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17 Project: Evaluate an educational software (advantages,
disadvantages)
18







INDICE
Pag.

VISIN

2
MISIN 2
INDICE 3
INTRODUCCIN 4
PROGRAMACIN ACADMICA 5
SESIONES 6
UNIT ONE 10
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THE TIME GRAMMAR
UNIT TWO
ITS TIME TO GO
27
BIBLIOGRAFA 48
PGINAS WEB 48
ANEXOS 48












UNIT ONE:
THE TIME GRAMMAR










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Lesson N01
PASSIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE IN PRESENT SIMPLE
We use the active voice where the action of the verb
falls on the subject.
But in the passive voice the verbs action is directed
toward the object.
Active: My brother studies the lesson
Passive: The lesson is studied by my brother.

PRESENT SIMPLE IS FORMED:

PASSIVE SUBJECT + TO BE ( IS/ARE ) + PAST PARTICIPLE.
It is often used in business and in other areas where the object of the action is more important than
those who perform the action.
FOR EXAMPLES:
We produce over 20 different models every year.
CHANGES TO
Over 20 different models are produced every year.
RULES
Subject ------changes to------Object Pronoun (her, him, us, me, them, you)
Verb tense ---------------------Past Participle
Object --------------------------What is done???
BASIC FORM
SIMPLE PRESENT ACTIVE PASSIVE
AFIRMATIVE Dan cleans the house The house is cleaned by Dan
NEGATIVE Dan doesnt clean the house The house is not cleaned by him
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QUESTION:
TO BE (AM, IS, ARE) + OBJECT + VERB PAST PARTICIPLE + BY + SUBJECT + COMPLEMENT?
EXAMPLE:
IS THE HOUSE CLEANED BY HIM?
to be + past participle
How to form a passive sentence when an active sentence is given:
- object of the "active" sentence becomes subject in the "passive" sentence
- subject of the "active" sentence becomes "object" in the "passive" sentence" (or is
left out)
Here you will find some examples of how to form the passive depending on the tense. Examples
tense active passive
Simple Present Peter builds a house. A house is built by Peter.
Simple Past Use: was/were
+ past participle

Peter built a house. A house was built by Peter.
Present Perfect Use: has /have
+ been + past participle
Peter has built a house. A house has been built by Peter.
Past Perfect Use: had been
+ past participle
Peter had built a house. A house had been built by Peter.
will-future Use: will be +
past participle
Peter will build a house. A house will be built by Peter.
going to-future Use: verb to
be + going to+ be + past
participle
Peter is going to build a house
in summer.
A house is going to be built in summer by
Peter.

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PRACTICE
















o APPLY
Turn into the passive
The maid cleans the house every day. ..
We make glass from sand. ..
They built the bridge some years ago. ..
The boy broke three windows. ...
The fire damaged many houses. ...
My friend offered me a nice present. ...
The Germans invented handball. ..
Mother irons our clothes. ...




Write correct sentences in the passive
Past simple
Telephone / invented / graham bell / by / was /
_______________________________________
Brother / bitten / a dog / was / by
______________________________________
A thief / stolen / were / by / My keys
____________________________________
The lightening / was / damaged / by / the house


Present simple
. Football / played / everybody / is / by
___________________________________
. Repaired / cars / are / by / mechanics
_________________________________
. Are / woodcutters / cut down / by / tree
_____________________________________
. Grass / is / gardeners / by / cut
______________________________________

Choose the correct sentence
people choose the president
People are chosen by the president
The president is chosen by people
The president is choose by people
Columbus discovered America
America was discovered by Columbus
America were discovered by Columbus
America is discovered by Columbus


Many persons speak English
English was spoken by many persons
English is spoken by many persons
Many persons are spoken by English
Benjamin Franklin created the first public library
Benjamin Franklin is created by the first public
library.
The first public library were created by Benjamin
Franklin.
The first public library was created by Benjamin
Franklin.

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I.












I.
















1. He found the child in the park.
________________________________
2. They broke the glasses with a stone.
________________________________
3. She saw the mouse in the kitchen.
_________________________________
4. I poished the furniture in the
afternoon.
_________________________________
5. He made the dress.
________________________________
6. Somebody pushed Mary into the water.
_________________________________
_
1. He didnt grow tomatoes in his
garden.
_____________________________
2. They didnt fly the planes in the
morning.
______________________________
3. She didnt sing the song after the
ceremony.
______________________________
4. Some readers didnt like the book.
______________________________
5. We didnt translate the book into
English.
______________________________
_

1. ________________________________________________________?
The car was driven by Mark
2. ________________________________________________________?
The plane was flown over the airfield
3. ________________________________________________________?
Two bottles of coke are drunk by him every day
4. _________________________________________________________?
No, flowers arent picked by secretaries.
5. ___________________________________________________________?
Yes, Material Girl was sung by Madonna.
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II. Write passive sentences in Present Perfect.
1. the postcard / send The postcard has been sent.
2. the pencils / count _____________________________.
3. the door / close _____________________________
4. the beds / make _____________________________.
5. the mail / write _____________________________.
6. the trees / plant ______________________________
7. the money / spend ______________________________
8. the room / book / not ______________________________
9. the rent / pay / not ______________________________
10. the people / inform / not ______________________________
III. Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.
1. Jane will buy a new computer. A new computer will be bought by Jane.
2. Her boyfriend will install it. ______________________________________
3. Millions of people will visit the museum. ______________________________________
4. Our boss will sign the contract. _____________________________________
5. You will not do it. _____________________________________
6. They will not show the new film. ____________________________________
7. He won't see Sue. ____________________________________
8. They will not ask him. ____________________________________
9. Will the company employ a new worker? ____________________________________
10. Will the plumber repair the shower? _____________________________________










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GERUND OR INFINITIVE

VERBS FOLLOWED BY -ING


admit
anticipate
avoid
consider
delay
deny
detest
dislike


Lesson N
o
02-03
GERUNDS (VEBS + -ING) AND INFINITIVES (VERBS + TO + INFINITIVE)



1
st
. option - RULE

Gerunds are often used when actions are real, concrete or completed:
I stopped smoking.
(The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.)

Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future:
I stopped to smoke.
(I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.)

FILL THE GAPS WITH EITHER AN INFINITIVE OR A GERUND ACCORDING TO THE RULE ABOVE:

1. Why dont you stop (work) ______________ and take a rest?
2. The annoyed man threatened (call) __________________ the police.
3. When we told him the plan, he agreed (join) ________________ our team.
4. We cant afford (buy) _____________ a new car.
5. Do you enjoy (make) _____________ other people angry?
6. This kind of sport involves (train) ____________ daily.
7. If you have finished (have) __________ your lunch, clear the table, please.
8. I had never anticipated (pay) ____________ so much for the redecoration.
9. Everybody dislikes (do) ___________ exams.
10. I was a bit lazy this time, but I promise (study) ____________ harder next time.
11. He managed (fix) _____________ the TV set himself.
12. If you want a quiet holiday, you should avoid (go) ____________ the coast in summer.
13. Do you intend (get) _____________ fit?
14. I admit (cheat) ____________ in the exam.
15. I missed (have) _____________ dinner with my old school mates.

2nd option - STUDY LISTS OF VERBS




enjoy
escape
excuse
finish
forgive
involve
keep
mention
mind
miss
pardon
postpone
practise
risk
stop
suggest

understand

Its no good
Its no use
It isnt worth

cant stand /
resist
cant help

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VERBS FOLLOWED BY TO- INFINITIVE









Exercises

FINISH THE SENTENCES USING GERUND OR INFINITIVE AS NECESSARY:

1. In this place there are rules to follow. If you want to be a member, you must swear
2. This is a very badly organized project, I will never consider
3. He never listens to other peoples advice. Its no good
4. Some people are fashion victims. They tend
5. You know you must help at home. You wont escape
6. He is an expert driver. He learned
7. Reliable friends are always there for you. They never fail
8. I cant stand my boss. I have decided
9. Im not sure why she left, but she mentioned
10. If I dont have anything interesting to do I dont mind
11. He only wants privacy. He cant understand people
agree
appear
arrange
care
decide

fail
hesitate
hope
intend
learn

manage
prepare
promise
refuse
seem


swear
tend
threaten
afford

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12. Peter started going out with another girl. I will never forgive Peter
13. I will have a very busy day tomorrow, however, I have arranged
14. Although she isnt a professional dancer, she practises
15. I love Scotland. I hope
16. My box of chocolates disappeared. My little brother admitted
17. That part of the town is very dangerous. I never risk
18. We like Italy so much that we keep
19. He looks worried. He seems
20. I hate crowded roads. I cant stand
Lesson N
o
04
INFINITIVES (VERBS + TO + INFINITIVE) AND GERUNDS (VEBS + -ING)

When one verb follows another, it may appear in the infinitive or ing form.
The form depends on the first verb, and the following structures are possible.

VERB + (OBJECT) + INFINITIVE TO
E.g. Most people want to leave for a 100 years.

Other verbs include: allow (object+ to), decide, hope, manage, promise, teach (object+ to).
We also use the infinitive with to with would + verb.
E.g. I like playing/to play tennis. (Both options are correct).

VERB + -ing.
E.g. We prefer watching comedies.
Other verbs include: practise, recommend, suggest, understand...
We also use the ing form after a preposition.
E.g. Im going to give up learning Spanish.

VERB + infinitive (to) or ing.
E.g. I like to travel/I like travelling. (Both options are correct).
Other verbs include: advise, begin, continue, like, love, hate...
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EXERCISES:

























A) Complete the sentences with the
verbs in brackets in the correct form.
- Most people want ______ (live) in this
part of town.
-She decided _______ (cancel) the
appointment.
- Do you enjoy ______ (watch) TV?
- He taught me ________ (play) chess.
- Theyre really good at _______ (help)
problems.
- We should carry on _______ (drive)
for another hour.
- Are you allowed ________ (come)
with me?
- They suggested ________ (take) the
train.
- Id love ________ (see) that new film.
- They started ________ (study)
English when they were 7 and now, they
like _____ (learn) new things.
B) Underline the correct form. If both
forms are possible, underline both.
- Will good food enable people to live/living
longer?
- I dont want to work/working when Im 65.
- We dont need to keep on to
travel/travelling.
- Do you enjoy to shop/shopping new things?
- They promised to pick/picking up from the
airport.
- At what age did you start to
worry/worrying about money?
- She decided to buy/buying new clothes.
- Would you like to have/having something to
eat?
- I like to walk/walking early in the morning.
- Many people hate to learn/learning new
things.
- He succeeded in to convince/convincing
them to employ him.
- Romeo and Juliet continued to see/seeing
each other even their parents tried to
stop/stopping them.

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Lesson N
o
05-06
ZERO CONDITIONAL

THE ZERO CONDITIONAL RULES: In these sentences, the situation is present (now) and
speak about general truths or scientific facts.




IF + PRESENT TENSE, PRESENT TENSE
If it is warm, I turn on the electric fan. I turn on the electric fan if it is warm.
If he eats all the vegetables, his mother smiles. His mother smiles if he eats all the vegetables.

Ex: If it is too hot, the ice melts.
Or note: the if clause can be first or second.
Ex: The ice melts if it is too hot.
EXERCISES:
A - Now try to practice what you have just learnt:
1. If there ________(be) mice in this room, I leave immediately.
2. She _________ (need) painkillers if she has a toothache.
3. If he travels, he ________________(lose) his job at once.
4. If you earn a high salary, you ________________ (pay) many taxes.
5. If you ______________(not run) now, you lose the train.
6. If you ______________ (see) Michael, tell him to email me.
7. Ben ____________ (catch) the bus if he gets up early.
IF CLAUSE:
IF + SIMPLE PRESENT
MAIN CLAUSE:
SIMPLE PRESENT
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8. If you hurry up, you still ______________ (have) time to catch the bus.
9. If she _____________ (dress) well, she looks like a wealthy girl.
10. He _____________(can) write good stories if he feels like it.
B. Match the parts of the sentences to make one and correct.
1. If you heat water, a. it produces greenhouse gases
2. If people don't eat or drink, b. the sea level rises
3. If I am late, c. they become extinct
4. If you have a toothache, d. the greenhouse effect gets worse.
5. When factories use fossil fuels, e. it boils.
6. When you burn oil, f. you save up energy
7. When people cut down trees, g. my father takes me to school.
8. When icebergs melt, h. it is deforestation
9. If you use air conditioning wisely, i. you visit the dentist
10. If people dont protect animals, j. eventually they die.

C. Type O Conditional

feels he or she always
If the sun (rise) high,
rises
If the sun * (rise)
it (become) very hot.
becomes it * (become) very
Plants .(die),
die
Plants * (die),
if it (do) not rain.
People ..(get) fat,
get People * (get) fat,
if they
.(eat) junk food.
eat if they * (eat) junk
If a person ..(practise) sports,
practises If a person * (pra
he or she always (feel) good.

D. Now, match the sentences:
If it is cold, they die.
If you never say please, I put on my sunglasses.
If you dont water the plants, I put on a coat.
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If it rains, you are not very polite.
If its sunny outside, I open my umbrella.
If you put water into the freezer, my parents are very proud of me.
If my grades are good, it turns to ice.



Lesson N
o
07
FIRST CONDITIONAL
Type 1 Conditional
FORM:
IF + PRESENT SIMPLE + WILL
Example: If i have time, I will buy the newspaper.
IF + PRESENT SIMPLE + IMPERATIVE
Example: If you see tom, give him this letter.
WE USE THE FIRST CONDITIONAL TO EXPRESS SOMETHING THAT IS POSSIBLE WILL HAPPEN IN
THE PRESENT OR FUTURE

MATCH THE SENTENCES HALVES AND
WRITE
OUT THE COMPLETE SENTENCE
1-IF YOU DONT GET UP SOON
2-IF YOU ARE LATE FOR CLASS AGAIN
3-IF YOU DONT TAKE A MAP
4- IF IT IS SUNNY
5-IF WE SEE A RESTAURANT
6-IF YOU DONT STUDY


A-THE TEACHER WILL BE ANGRY
B- YOU WONT PASS THE EXAM
C- WE WILL GO TO THE PARK
D- YOU WILL GET LOST
E-YOU WILL MISS THE BUS
F- WE WILL STOP AND HAVE LUCH
COMPLETE THE SENTENCES.

IF YO 1- IF YOU SEND THE LETTER NOW, SHE ___________(RECEIVE)
IT TOMORROW.
2-IF I __________ (HAVE) MONEY, I WILL BUY A NEW CAR.

3-IF I __________(BE) COLD, I WILL WEAR MY COAT.

4-SHE _________(NOT/ WIN) THE GAME, IF SHE DOESNT
KNOW THE RULES.

5-SHE WILL GO SHOPPING , IF SHE _________(HAVE) TIME.

6-IF IT RAINS, I __________( NOT/GO) TO THE PARK.

7-THEY WILL GO TO THE PARTY, IF SHE ___________ (INVITE)
THEM.

8- IF HE GETS A TICKET, HE ____________ (TRAVEL) TO PARIS.




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If you (cook) the supper, I..(wash) the dishes.
She ..(pass) the test if she ..(study) hard.
If it .. (be) sunny, we .. (go) to the park.
Paula ..(be) sad if Juan . (leave.)


Decide which conditional it is, 0 or 1? Try to put the verbs in the correct form.
COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE SUITABLE
VERB TENSE.
*The football match___________(be) cancelled if it
__________(rain)
*I____________( go) to the party if Connie _______(
come) with me
*If you____________(not drive) carefully, you
___________ (have) an accident
*If someone______________(not water) these plants
they_______(die)
*If we___________(walk) so slowly,
we_________(be) late
*If we_____________(run), We____________(no be)
late
*If you___________(carry) too many eggs, they
_________ (break)


FIRST CONDITIONAL QUIZ

1-IF PAUL PASSES HIS EXAMS, HIS FATHER..........
WILL BUY HIM A BIKE / WILL TO BUY HIM A BIKE.

2-IF TOMORROW RAINS, WE.......
TAKE OUR UMBRELLAS / WONT TAKE OUR UMBRELLAS.

3-I WILL GO TO THE CINEMA..............
IF I FINISHES MY HOMEWORK / IF I FINISH MY
HOMEWORK.

4- IF YOU EAT LESS CHOCOLATES YOU........
WILL FEEL BETTER / WILL TO FEEL BETTER.

5-HE WILL PHONE HER.....................
IF HE HAS HER TELEPHONE NUMBER / IF HE HAVE HIS
TELEPHONE NUMBER.
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Lesson N
o
08
SECOND CONDITIONAL






IF + PAST TENSE, WOULD + BASE FORM OF A VERB
If I watched TV at night, I wouldnt sleep very well. I wouldnt sleep very well, if I watched TV at night.
If you listened to me, you wouldnt be so sad now. You wouldnt be sad now, if you listened to me.

EXERCISES:


If you (drop) an apple, it (fall).
I (get) tired if I (work) too much.
Water (boil) if you (heat) it to 100 C
I (phone) my friend if I (have time today.
If you (freeze) water, it (turn) into ice.
If it (rain) today, I (stay) at home.
If I (see) you tomorrow, I (buy) you a drink.
We (go) to the beach if it (be) warm tomorrow

We use second conditional when we want to talk about an imaginary or impossible situation.
If I were the president I would build more schools.
*TO GIVE AN ADVICE, IN THIS CASE WE USE IF I WERE YOU FOR THE IF CLAUSE AND
WOULD FOR THE MAIN CLAUSE.
If I were you, I would go on a diet.
COMPLETE THE SENTENCES

1- IF I ...........(EARN) MORE MONEY I WOULD BUY A NEW HOUSE.
2- IF SHE ...........(NOT WATER) THE PLANTS, THEY WOULD DIE.
3- IS SHE WASNT A GOOD PLAYER, SHE ................(NOT BE) IN THE TEAM.
4- I .............(GIVE) A PARTY IF I LIVED IN A BIG HOUSE.
5- WHAT................(YOU/DO) IF YOU WON THE LOTTERY?
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Match the parts of the sentences to make one and correct.

Complete the sentences:

1. If I won the lottery, a. if it didnt rain.
2. If I were in Brazil, b. I wouldnt do that.
3. They wouldnt work any more c. I would travel around the world.
4. We could go out d. if you were me?
5. What would you do e. if they won the lottery.
6. If I were you f. I would go to Rio de Janeiro.
CIRCLE THE RIGHT OPTION
1- If I knew/would know the answer I would tell you
2- If Mary had his cell phone number, She would phone/ phoned him.
3- If he wouldnt be/ wasnt so shy, He would go to parties.
4- If I were rich, I would travel/ travelled around the world.
5- She would get the job If they would speak/ spoke English.
PRARAPHRASE THESE SENTENCES USING THE SECOND CONDITIONAL

1- I wont buy It I dont have enough money
If.
2- I wont make my bed, I dont have time.
If
3- He wont go to the cinema, he doesnt like films.
If
4- I never do my homework, so my teacher always gets angry with me.
If.
5- I dont have a car, so I have to take the bus.
If

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If you didnt eat so much, ____________________________________________________________.
If she truly loved him, ________________________________________________________________.
If I left home, _______________________________________________________________________.
If he walked his dog, ________________________________________________________________.
If we talked to each other, ___________________________________________________________.
If they had more money, _____________________________________________________________.






Some common superstitions!






















Which conditional 0,1,2 ? Decide.
Fill in the sentences with the correct form of the given verb.
If you break a mirror, seven years of bad luck will follow.
If you drop a fork, a man will come to visit you.
If you drop spoon, a woman will come to visit you.
If a bird flies into your house, a death will occur.
If you sweep under someone's feet, that person will never marry.
If the first butterfly you see in the year is white, you will have good luck all
year.
If a black cat walks towards you, it brings good fortune, but if it walks away, it
takes the good luck with it.
If a friend gives you a knife, you should give him a coin, or your friendship will
soon be broken.
If the bottom of your feet itches, you will make a trip.
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If you (boil) water, it ( turn) to steam.
If I . (be) an astronaut, I ..(take) the photos of Turkey from space.
If you (put) a stone in the water, it ..(go) down.
If you (put) oil into water it .(float)
If there ..(be) no water on earth, we .(not, exist).
If you .(be) a bird, where ..you .( fly) to?
Anna ..(pass) the test if she (study) hard enough.
If you ..( heat) ice it ..(melt)
I .(not, do) that if I .(be) you.
If he .(get) any worse I. (take) him to the doctor's.
If the snow .(get) any worse we (have ) stop walking.
If ice (melt), it (turn) to water.

























UNIT TWO:
ITS TIME TO GO



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Lesson N
o
10
THIRD CONDITIONAL






















3rd Conditional is used to talk about actions, and if they have happened, the
consequence would have been done. So, we use this conditional in order to talk about
unreal things that could have happened, and if they have happened the consequence
would have been done.
We form it: IF+ PAST PERFECT, would+ PRESENT PERFECT.
(had + V
)
(have + V
)

E.g. If I had seen you, I would have said hello.
A) Rewrite the sentences using 3rd
Conditional.
- not met you/my life different.
If I hadnt met you, my life would have
been different.

-not wake up early/not arrive.
________________________________
________________________________.

-live here/see that literature was...
________________________________
B) Match the 2 halves of the sentences.
Remember 3
rd
Conditionals form.

1) If I hadnt met my best friend,
2) we wouldnt have arrived late
3) they wouldnt have seen that advert.
4) If they had started 2 years before,

5) If I had known that you were here,
6) they would have won the match.
7) If he had seen the sign,
8) The police wouldnt have given him
a ticket.

Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA29








































CHOOSE THE RIGHT OPTION

1-IF I HAD CHECKED/WOULD HAVE CHECKED THE TEST, I WOULD HAVE SEEN THE MISTAKES.
2-IF SHE HAD GOT UP EARLIER, SHE WOULDNT HAVE MISSED/HADNT MISSED THE BUS.
3- SHE WOULD HAVE GOT THE JOB, IF SHE HAD HAD/ WOULD HAVE HAD EXPERIENCE
4-PETER WOULDNT HAVE CRASHED/ HADNT CRASHED, IF HE HAD BEEN MORE CAREFUL
5- YOU WOULNT HAVE LOST, IF YOU HAD TAKEN/WOULD HAVE TAKEN A MAP

C. Now, rewrite sentences using the contexts. Use 3
rd
Conditional.
Oh! Its 12 oclock and I will probably be late! I should get up early.
If I had got up earlier, I would have arrived on time.
Shes my best friend, I will never forget what she has done for me.
___________________________________________________.
Hes my boss! I havent said him hello because I havent seen him.
___________________________________________________.
I should have studied German before, now its quite difficult.
___________________________________________________.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA30

PARAPHRASE THESE SENTENCES
1-SHE FAILED HER DRIVING TEST BECAUSE SHE WENT THROUGH A RED LIGHT
IF.......................................................................................................................................................
2-WE MISSED THE START OF THE FILM BECAUSE WE ARRIVED LATE
3. WE DIDNT GO ON HOLIDAYS BECAUSE WE DIDNT HAVE ENOUGH MONEY.
4- I DIDNT BUY THE COAT BECAUSE I DIDNT HAVE MY CREDIT CARD
5- WE DIDNT POSTPONE THE MEETING BECAUSE SHE DIDNT TELL US ABOUT HER ACCIDENT.

COMPLETE THE SENTENCES

1-IF I....................(NOT BE) BUSY LAST NIGHT, I .......................(GO) TO THE PARTY
2-IF YOU ........................(COME) TO THE PARTY, YOU..........................(MEET) OLD FRIEND OF US.
3-IF EVERYONE.........................(SPEAK) THE SAME LANGUAGE, LIFE......................(BE) DIFFERENT
4- IF I...........................(NOT DRIVE) TOO FAST, THE POLICE............................(NOT STOP) ME.
5. YOU..........................(GET) AN A, IF YOU.........................(NOT MAKE) THOSE MISTAKES.

COMPLETE THE SENTENCES

1- IF I ..................................(WANT) A SANDWICH, I WOULD HAVE ASKED FOR ONE.
2- IF HE.............................(GO) TO UNIVERSITY, HE WOULD HAVE GOT A BETTER JOB.
3- I ...........................(SEND) HIM A BIRTHDAY CARD, IF SOMEONE HAD REMINDED ME.
4- IF HE HADNT STOLEN THE MONEY, HE.................................(NOT BE) IN PRISON.
5- IF I..............................(NOTICE) HIM, I WOULD HAVE SAID HELLO.

Lesson N
o
11
























1. Choose wishes referring to the present:
1. I wish he was a pilot.
2. We wish they had brought sandwiches.
3. He wishes she phoned in the evening.
4. Tim wishes he had copied the lecture.
5. Liz wishes she had done her homework.
6. Nick wishes he was in the club.
7. They wish they were at the concert.
8. Tom wishes he bought a new CD.
9. We wish we hadnt lost our money.
10. I wish I went to the football match.
11. They wish Liz explained the situation.
12. Sam wishes he had completed the report.
1. Choose wishes referring to the past:
1. Sam wishes he had brought the book.
2. I wish she came in time.
3. Tim wishes he hadnt fallen.
4. Kate wishes she had got good grades.
5. I wish I watched TV in the evening.
6. He wishes he had come to London with us.
7. Ben wishes he hadnt lost the key.
8. I wish I bought a new dress.
9. She wishes she went to the disco today.
10. I wish I were taller.
11. Liz wishes she had cooked lunch.
12. They wish they saw this competition.
2. Fill in the verbs with the wishes in the present:
1. I wish he ____ (go) to the exhibition.
2. She wishes Nick ____ (call) her.
3. Tim wishes he ____ (write) the letter.
4. Kate wishes Sally ___ (send) an SMS.
5. I wish Tim ____ (arrive) in time.
6. They wish they ____ (go) to the gym.
7. We wish we ____ (buy) this computer.
8. I wish Mona ____ (be) happy.
2. Fill in the verbs with the wishes in the past:
1. I wish I ____ (go) to Paris.
2. Paul wishes he ____ (buy) a new CD.
3. We wish we ____ (visit) the exhibition.
4. I wish I ____ (hear) this concert.
5. He wishes he ____ (not loose) his passport.
6. Mag wishes she ____(cook) dinner.
7. I wish I ____ (go) to bed earlier.
8. They wish they ____ (not see) this quarrel.
When we use wish+ past, we speak about our wish in
the present.
I wish I were a doctor.
I wish they went to the concert
I wish we were together.
When we use wish+ past perfect, we say that
something had happened differently from our wish
in the past.
I wish he hadnt seen that film. (But he
saw)
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Lesson 12
REPORTED SPEECH

When do we use reported speech? Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going
to the cinema tonight". Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said.

We use a 'reporting verb' like 'said' or 'told'. If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. We just
put 'she said' and then the sentence:

Direct speech : I like ice cream.
Reported speech: She said she liked ice cream.

Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech
present simple I like ice cream. She said (that) she liked ice cream.
present
continuous
I am living in London. She said she was living in London.
past simple I bought a car.
She said she had bought a car OR She said she
bought a car.
past
continuous
I was walking along the
street.
She said she had been walking along the street.
present perfect I haven't seen Julie. She said she hadn't seen Julie.
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past perfect*
I had taken English
lessons before.
She said she had taken English lessons before.
will I'll see you later. She said she would see me later.
would* I would help, but. She said she would help but...
can
I can speak perfect
English.
She said she could speak perfect English.
could*
I could swim when I
was four.
She said she could swim when she was four.
shall I shall come later. She said she would come later.
should*
I should call my
mother.
She said she should call her mother.
might* "I might be late". She said she might be late.
must
"I must study at the
weekend".
She said she must study at the weekend OR She
said she had to study at the weekend.

Reported Questions
So now you have no problem with making reported speech from positive and negative sentences. But
how about questions?
Direct speech: "Where do you live?"
How can we make the reported speech here?

Do you see how I made it? The direct question is in the present simple tense. We make a present
simple question with 'do' or 'does' so I need to take that away. Then I need to change the verb to the
past simple. To reported questions we use asked. Example.
Direct speech: "Where do you live?"
Reported speech: She asked me where I lived.
Another example:
Direct speech: "where is Julie?"
Reported speech: She asked me where Julie was.
Here are some more examples:
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Direct Question Reported Question
Where is the Post Office, please? She asked me where the Post Office was.
What are you doing? She asked me what I was doing.
Who was that fantastic man? She asked me who that fantastic man had been.

Here's a table of some possible conversions of expressions of time:
now then / at that time
today yesterday / that day / Tuesday / the 27th of June
yesterday the day before yesterday / the day before / Wednesday / the 5th of December
last night the night before, Thursday night
last week the week before / the previous week
tomorrow today / the next day / the following day / Friday

EXERCISES:
"I was very thirsty," he said.
He said ________________________________
"Be careful," she said.
She told me ______________________________
"Why haven't you told me?" he asked me.
He wondered _________________________________
"I cannot take them home," he said.
He said __________________________________
He said, "Don't go to the beach alone."
He told us_______________________________
"Have you been shopping for food?" he asked us.
He wanted to know ___________________________
"What's the time?" he asked.
He asked ___________________________
"When will we see each other again?" she asked me.
She asked me ____________________________
"Where did they live before moving here?" he asked.
He wanted to know ________________________
"Will you be at Tom's party?" he asked her.
He asked her _______________________________
"Can you meet me at the train station?" she asked me.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA34

She asked me _________________________________
"Did you see that great car?" he asked me.
He asked me __________________________
She said, "I went to the cinema with my boyfriend yesterday."
She said ____________________________
He said, "I am writing an essay tomorrow."
He said _____________________________
You said, "I will do this for you."
You said _________________________
She said, "I am not tired now."
She said ________________________
They said, "We have never been here before."
They said _______________________
They said, "We were in Paris last week."
They said ______________________
He said, "They won't sleep."
He said _______________________
She said, "It is very quiet here."
She said ______________________
Lesson 13 - 14
RELATIVE PRONOUNS (WHO, THAT, WHICH, WHOSE, WHERE)

who refers to people That's the man who lives in
the house on the hill.
which refers to things That's the car which I bought
last year.
where refers to places London is the city where I
learned English.
Whose It is used to refer to
possession
. Whose is that dictionary?
. Have you seen the girl
whose father died?
That It is used to refer to people,
animals,
It can replace WHO or
WHICH
The blue jacket that she is
putting on belongs to her
friend.

Fill in who , which or where

This is the boy __________ had an accident.
Yesterday I saw a car__________ was really old.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA35

Mandy is the girl ___________ I met on Friday.
The robber stole the car _______________ the lady had parked in front of the supermarket.
Can I talk to the girl ________________ is sitting on the bench?
This is the hotel___________ I always stay when I go to Paris.
Where is the bottle of Coke _____________ I bought this morning?
Mr Jones, ___________ is a taxi driver, lives on the corner.
He cleaned the ____________ had an accident.
This is the girl ______________ comes from Spain.
That's Peter, the ____________ has just arrived at the airport.
The shopping centre is a place __________you can buy a lot of things.

Write one sentence using a relative pronoun: who , which or where

My father lives near the sea. He loves sailing
___________________________________________________________________
Peter is a friend of mine. He spends his holidays in the mountains
___________________________________________________________________
Jorge Amado is a famous writer. He lives in Bahia.
___________________________________________________________________
Those girls love bying new clothes. They go shopping once a week.
____________________________________________________________________
Susan speaks four languages. She wants to be an interpreter.
___________________________________________________________________
Those top models are beautiful. They earn a lot of money.
____________________________________________________________________
George is a friend of mine. He works at mcDonalds
____________________________________________________________________
Those woman never go out. They watch TV all day.
____________________________________________________________________

Fill in each blank space with who, which, or whose.
REMEMBER: Who is generally used for people, which - for things, andwhose indicates
possession (ex: "the man whose wallet I found").

1. The man _____________(who/which/whose) house we stayed in is my uncle.

2. At first, I couldn't tell ___________(who/which/whose) he was, but then I recognized him.

3. The guy __________(who/which/whose) sold me my car is a crook.

4. ____________(Who/Which/Whose) pen did he give you? The blue one.

5. I couldn't decide ____________(who/which/whose) camera was right for me.

6. ____________(Who/Which/Whose) turn is it to wash the dishes?

7. I can't decide _____________(who/which/whose) the best candidate is.

Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA36

8. His last book, ___________(who/which/whose) I didn't read, was very successful.

9. I don't know ____________(who/which/whose) song that is, but it's not theirs.

10. My friend John, ____________(who/which/whose) doesn't speak French, had trouble
communicating in France.

FILL IN THE GAPS WITH WHO, THAT, WHICH, WHOSE AND WHERE IF NECCESARY. PUT IF NO
WORD IS NEEDED.
A Wild Sheep Chase is the extraordinary novel (1) that brought its author, Haruki Murakami, to public
attention. The book, (2) ______ is set in Japan, begins simply enough. A young man (3) ______
works for an advertising agency, gets a postcard from a friend. He decides to use the postcard, (4)
_______ shows a photo of a country scene, for an advertisement (5) _______his company is making.
However, he doesnt notice that in the photo there is a sheep (6) _______ has a star on its back. This
photo attracts the attention of a strange man in black, (7) _______ offers him a choice find the
sheep or lose everything. The search for the sheep takes the main character, (8) _______name is
never revealed, from Tokyo to the mountains of northern Japan, (9) _______ he has to face a number
of dangers. Haruki Murakami, (10) _______ other books are available in English, is now one of Japans
best known writers.
Lesson 15
DEFINING AND NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (WHO, WHICH, THAT, WHOSE, WHERE)

DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES: Gives us the information that is necessary for the noun which we are
referring. the defining relative clause is used without putting commas.
EXAMPLE: I met a boy who has never been abroad.

NON DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES: Gives us extra information about the
noun we are referring. The non - defining relative clause is separated from the main clause by a
comma. the main clause makes sense without this extra information.
EXAMPLE: Peter, who you met last night, is sandras brother.

THE RELATIVE PRONOUNS ARE:
WHO: For people WHERE: For places
WHICH: For things or animals WHEN: For time
WHOSE: For people, animals or things
THAT: For people, things or animals. (it is used with defining relative clauses)

WRITE THE CORRECT RELATIVE CLAUSE AND PUT THE COMMA WHERE NECESSARY.

1-My sister is a teacher lives in australia.
2-The town . i grew up is very small.
3-The sweater .. john bought me is too small.
4-The subjects im studying is too difficult.
5-The shop is near my house has beautiful clothes.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA37

6-The country . i want to visit most is france.
7-Terry ..is very lazy failed his maths exam again.
8- Jane ..hobby is skating has broken her leg.

JOIN THE SENTENCES USING WHO, WHICH, WHEN, WHERE OR WHOSE

1-March was the month. i was born then.
..

2- Mar del plata is the place. i used to go on holidays.
.

3-This is my new shirt. i bought it in the new shop.


4-Here is the book. i told you last week


5-This is mrs taylor. her daughter works in my office.
.

6-I saw a film. it was very funny.
.

7-Thats the hotel. i stayed last holidays ____________________________________________
CHOOSE THE RIGHT OPTION
1-This the book which/who i read yesterday
2-This is the place who/where i met my friend
3-Sally is the girl who/whose sister is my teacher
4- Tom is the boy who/whose live opposite my house
5-This is the city where/which i cant find on the map
6-The bag which/ where i couldnt find yesterday was under the bed
7-That is the beach where/which is crowded in summer.

DECIDE WHETER THE FOLLOWIN SENTENCES ARE DEFININIG, NON -DEFINING OR COORDINATING.
Write commas when necessary

1. Alan whose job involves travelling a lot has already been to all countries in Europe.
2. The house I have just rented is near my office.
3. He offered me to let me stay in his house which was very kind of him.
4. This is the new teacher that I told you about.
5. Madonna who is a well-known singer is over 50.
6. You can visit London by boat which is pleasant.
7. That is the woman who complained about the room service.
8. The part of the city where I live is very noisy which makes it difficult to sleep at night.

Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA38

JOIN THESE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS OMIT THE PRONOUN IF POSSIBLE. ADD
COMMAS IF NECESSARY.
My school is very big. It is in Madrid.
My school _____________________________ is
very big.
I bought this cake yesterday. It is delicious.
The cake ____________________________is
delicious.
Anna is a nurse. Her father is a doctor.
Anna_________________________ is a nurse.
I bought a TV set last month. It doesn't work
properly.
The TV_________________________ doesn't
work properly.
Mr Dale is a very famous doctor. We visited him
last week.
Mr Dale ________________________is a very famous doctor
Peter has a new dog. It is very friendly.
The new dog __________________________ is very friendly.





Lesson 16 17 18
PROJECT: EVALUATE AN EDUCATIONAL SOFTWARE (ADVANTAGES, DISADVANTAGES)


Computers offer incredible opportunities to advance education in all types and ages of students.
There are actually a lot of different types of educational software, including:

Interactive software for preschool children who arent ready to use a mouse or keyboard
quite yet.
Educational software for teaching academic skills such as math.
Programs that will teach children basic keyboarding skills.
Software that teaches children how to think logically and to solve problems.
Artistic software that your child can use to create and color 3D pictures. These can usually be
printed out.

Why it is Important to Use

There are lots of great reasons why you should consider using educational software in your classroom.
For instance, this software will enable your students to become more effective independent learners.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA39

Even severely disabled students can succeed herein because this software places everyone on the
same level.

This software can also enable students to gather information that otherwise would have been
impossible, time-consuming or costly. For instance, data from outer space can now be utilized.
Students can also experiment with the changing aspects of a model like increasing or lowering interest
rates in order to see how this affects the economy. All of this can be very motivational for students
and these are just some of the numerous advantages of educational software.

One way to incorporate educational software into your curriculum is to set aside at least 30 minutes
within your classroom each day. During this time you will only want to focus on one or two different
skills along with proper computer usage. This should not be difficult to do since the only time that you
will want to help the child is when he is stuck. Otherwise allow him to have time to explore and learn
on his own.

When children use educational software, they spend a lot of time in front of their computer. There are
a number of pros and cons for learning educational concepts using computer software.

Main Advantages
Some of the biggest advantages include:

Children control their own learning experience, the pace at which they learn and how challenged
they are.
Computers help children to use all of their senses to extract information.
Children learn through creating and utilizing hands-on knowledge.
Computers help children develop a positive attitude towards technology.
Computers are beneficial in developing childrens fundamental skills (i.e. letters, numbers, colors,
shapes, rhythm, cause and effect, problem solving, procedural thinking, creativity).
Computers are really beneficial to children who have speech, audio or motor limitations because
they act as a patient tutor allowing the child to learn at his own pace.
Computers can teach self-confidence and self-esteem.
Computers can teach social skills.

Main Disadvantages
As with anything else in life, there are also some disadvantages. These include:

Software needs to be carefully chosen in order to ensure that what is holding your childs
attention is also educating them at the same time.
Some software doesnt make it obvious that it has no educational value.
It is rare to find a school that has enough computers for every student, thus scheduling can
become problematic.
It is difficult to get a students attention whenever they are on the computer.
Muscular-skeletal injuries and vision problems can arise whenever students spend too much time
using the computer.





ACTIVITY
A. Make a visual organize.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA40







Example: Educational software can be educative material that you use in class, such as
this logic game.













Lesson N05








Ed, George, John, Tom and Vince surf the net every day. From this game you can find
out where they surf the net, how much time they spend on it and finally which are their
most visited sites. Look at the clues, fill in the tables, and then write full sentences using
the solution.
To solve this logic game put an 'X' where there is a relation and '-' where there isn't.
WHERE HOW LONG WHAT
i
n

a

c
a
f


a
t

h
o
m
e

i
n

a

p
a
r
k

o
n

t
h
e

t
r
a
i
n

a
t

w
o
r
k

3
0

m
i
n
u
t
e
s

6
0

m
i
n
u
t
e
s

9
0

m
i
n
u
t
e
s

1
2
0

m
i
n
u
t
e
s

1
8
0

m
i
n
u
t
e
s
0

e
-
m
a
i
l

n
e
w
s

o
n
l
i
n
e

g
a
m
e
s

s
p
o
r
t
s

t
e
a
c
h
i
n
g

m
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
s

N
A
M
E

Ed

George

John

Tom

Vince

W
H
A
T

e-mail
Clue 1: The man who reads his e-
mails spends 30 minutes less
time on the Internet than
Vince.
Clue 2: The man who usually
searches for teaching materials
surfs the net neither in the
park nor in a caf. He spends 60
minutes less time on the
Internet than the one who plays
online games at home but 30
minutes more than Tom.
Clue 3: John surfs the net on
the train. He doesn't like
sports pages. He travels more
than an hour.
news

online games

sports

teaching materials

H
O
W

L
O
N
G

30 minutes
Clue 4: Ed has only about thirty
minutes to use the Internet in
his office.
Clue 5: George sits the most in
front of his computer. He
doesn't read the news in a caf.
Clue 6: Vince doesn't go to
parks.
60 minutes

90 minutes

120 minutes

180 minutes

Now summarize your answers.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA41














Uses of the Internet:

These two pictures show two different uses of the computer. Compare and contrast them. Include the
following points:

1. What are the good and bad points of these uses?
2. Do you ever use the computer in these ways? If yes, tell about it. / If no, why not?
3. How popular are such uses among teenagers?
4. What else can you use a computer for?





Prompt for discussion:

Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA42

What do you use the computer for?
What do you do on the Net?
What are the bad and good points of using the Net?
Do you ever play games on the computer? If yes, what kind of?
Why is shopping on the Internet becoming more and more popular?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of shopping on the Net?















key answers:

lesson:02-03
Part 1
1. WORKING
2. TO CALL
3. TO JOIN
4. TO BUY
5. MAKING
6. TRAINING
7. HAVING
8. PAYING
9. DOING
10. TO STUDY
11. TO FIX
12. GOING
13. TO GET
14. CHEATING
15. HAVING

Part 2 SUGGESTIONS

1. to follow our rules
2. taking part in it
3. advising him
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA43

4. to follow fashion all the time
5. helping me with the housework
6. to drive many years ago
7. to help you
8. to look for another job
9. having an appointment or something
10. staying at home
11. asking him personal questions
12. leaving me in such a way
13. to meet you at 6.30
14. dancing every day
15. to go there again soon
16. eating all of them
17. going there alone
18. going there every summer
19. to have some problem
20. driving in the rush hour






lesson:05-06
Key: 1. Are, 2. Needs, 3. Loses, 4, pay, 5. Dont run, 6. See, 7. Catches, 8. Have, 9. Dresses. 10. ca
Lesson 11 key






















1. Choose wishes referring to the present:
1. I wish he was a pilot.
2. We wish they had brought sandwiches.
3. He wishes she phoned in the evening.
4. Tim wishes he had copied the lecture.
5. Liz wishes she had done her homework.
6. Nick wishes he was in the club.
7. They wish they were at the concert.
8. Tom wishes he bought a new CD.
9. We wish we hadnt lost our money.
10. I wish I went to the football match.
11. They wish Liz explained the situation.
12. Sam wishes he had completed the report.
2. Fill in the verbs with the wishes in the present:
1. I wish he went to the exhibition.
2. She wishes Nick called her.
3. Tim wishes he wrote the letter.
4. Kate wishes Sally sent an SMS.
5. I wish Tim arrived in time.
6. They wish they went to the gym.
7. We wish we bought this computer.
8. I wish Mona was happy.
9. Sam wishes he went to Spain.
10. They wish they won the game.
11. I wish I played my computer.
12. Paul wishes he took his sister with him.
13. I wish I bought a new car.
1. Choose wishes referring to the past:
1. Sam wishes he had brought the book.
2. I wish she came in time.
3. Tim wishes he hadnt fallen.
4. Kate wishes she had got good grades.
5. I wish I watched TV in the evening.
6. He wishes he had come to London with us.
7. Ben wishes he hadnt lost the key.
8. I wish I bought a new dress.
9. She wishes she went to the disco today.
10. I wish I were taller.
11. Liz wishes she had cooked lunch.
12. They wish they saw this competition.
2. Fill in the verbs with the wishes in the past:
1. I wish I had gone to Paris.
2. Paul wishes he had bought a new CD.
3. We wish we had visited the exhibition.
4. I wish I had heard this concert.
5. He wishes he hadnt lost his passport.
6. Mag wishes she had cooked dinner.
7. I wish I had gone to bed earlier.
8. They wish they hadnt seen this quarrel.
9. We wish we had helped them to clean it.
10. I wish I had met my friends.
11. She wishes she had torn the letter.
12. We wish Nick had brought his rollerblades.
13. I wish I had slept longer.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA44























Lesson 16-17-18

game-internet.

























SOLUTION
NAME WHERE HOW LONG WHAT
Ed at work 30 minutes e-mail
George at home 180 minutes online games
John on the train 120 minutes teaching materials
Tom in a park 90 minutes sports
Vince in a caf 60 minutes news


3. Transform using wishes in the present:
1. I want to become a doctor.
I wish I became a doctor.
2. Liz wants to visit her grandparents.
Liz wishes she visited her grandparents
3. Tim dreams to travel in Africa.
Tim wishes he travelled in Africa.
4. Bob wants to go skateboarding soon.
Bob wishes he went skateboarding.
5. The boys want to win the football match.
The boys wish they won the football match.
6. She dreams to spend her vacation in Spain.
She wishes she spent her vacation in Spain.
7. Sue wants to become a dentist.
Sue wishes she became a dentist.
3. Transform using wishes in the past:
1. Tim has lost his passport.
Tim wishes he hadnt lost his passport.
2. Sue quarreled with her parents.
Sue wishes she hadnt quarreled with her parents.
3. Pete hasnt arrived in time.
Pete wishes he had arrived in time.
4. Mona didnt go to the university.
Mona wishes she had gone to the university.
5. Ive got a terrible headache.
I wish I hadnt got a terrible headache.
6. Nick has broken his leg.
Nick wishes he hadnt broken his leg.
7. They didnt see that wonderful film.
They wish they had seen that wonderful film.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA45























List of verbs
INFINITIVE PAST SIMPLE PAST
PARTICIPLE
Be was/were been
Beat beat beaten
Become became become
Begin
began begun
Bend
bent bent
Bet
bet bet
Bite
bit bitten
Blow
blew blown
Break
broke broken
Build
built built
Catch
caught caught
Choose
chose chosen
Come came come
Cost cost cost
Cut cut cut
Dig dug dug
Do did done
Draw drow drown
Drink drank drunk
Eat ate eaten
Fall fell fallen
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA46

Feed fed fed
Feel felt felt
Fight fought fought
Find found found
Forgive forgave forgiven
Forget forgot forgotten
Get got got
Give gave given
Go went gone
Hang hung hung
Have had had
Hear heard heard
Hide hid hidden
Hit hit hit
Hold held held
Keep kept kept
Know knew known
Lay laid laid
Lead led led
Leave left left
Lend lent lent
Let let let
Lie lay lain
Light lit lit
Lose lost lost
Make made made
Mean meant meant
Meet met met
Pay paid paid
Put put put
Read read read
Ride rode ridden
Ring rang rung
Rise rose risen
Run ran run
Say said said
See saw seen
Seek sought sought
Sell sold sold
Send sent sent
Set set set
Sew sewed sewn/sewed
Shake shook shaken
Shine shone shone
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA47

Shoot shot shot
Show showed shown
Shrink shrank shrunk
Shut shut shut
Sing sang sung
Sink sank sunk
Sit sat sat
Sleep slept slept
Speak spoke spoken
Spend spent spent
Split split split
Spread spread spread
Spring
sprang sprung
Stand stood stood
Steal stole stolen
Stick stuck stuck
Sting stung stung
Stink stank stunk
Strike struck struck
Swear swore sworn
Sweep swept swept
Swim swam swum
Swing swung swung
Take took taken
Teach taught taught
Tear tore torn
Tell told told
Think thought thought
Throw threw thrown
Understand understood understood
Wake woke woken
Wear wore worn
Win won won
Write wrote written







Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA48













BIBLIOGRAFA
CAMBRIDGE University Press. (2004). Diccionario Cambridge Klett.
DEREK Sellen.Grammar World Reference and Practice for elementary to intermediate students.
FUCHS Marjorie & BONNER Margaret. (2004). Grammar Express England. Pearson Education
Limited. Longman.
HOPKINS, Andy (1997). Look Ahead. Longman England.
MURPHY, Raymond (1998). Essential Grammar in Use. Cambridge University Press. England.
MAURER, Jay (1997). Focus on Grammar Advanced Longman. England.
REDSTONE Chris & CUNNINGHAM Gillie. (2006). Face to Face Intermediate. Students book
Cambridge University Press.
REDSTONE Chris & CUNNINGHAM Gillie. (2006). Face to Face Upper Intermediate Students book.
Cambridge University Press.
RICHMOMD Publishing. (2004). Students Dictionary. Santillana S.A.
SWAM Michael, Walter Catherine. (2001). The Good Grammar Book. Oxford University Press.

PGINAS WEB:
http://www.englishdaily626.com/conversation.php
http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/esl-whowhichwhose1.html
http://www.learnenglishindublin.com/daily_blog/english-lesson
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=7103
http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-reference/past-continuous-and-past-simple
http://www.aulafacil.com/CursoIngles/IndexClases.htm
http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-used-to.php
http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/reported-speech.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA49

htmlhttp://mypeaceofheaven.wordpress.com/2012/10/17/my-2-day-hands-on-experience-at-
being-a-nursery-teacher/

ANEXOS

Ficha de evaluacin de trabajo escrito
(Anexo n01)

Ficha de evaluacin de exposicin
(Anexo n 02)

Ficha de observacin de participacin oral.
(Anexo n03)

Escala de autovaloracin.
(Anexo n 04))








ANEXO 01
EVALUATION SHEET FOR THE WRITTEN WORK (PROJECT)

STUDENTS NAME: ___________________________________________________________
SPECIALTY: ________________________ CYCLE: _____________ UNIT: ________________
PRODUCTO: _________________________________________________________________

CATEGORIA 4 3 2 1
Puntuacin No hay faltas de
ortografa ni errores
gramaticales.
Tres menos faltas de
ortografa y/o errores de
puntuacin.
Cuatro errores de
ortografa y/o
errores
gramaticales.
Ms de cuatro errores de
ortografa y de
gramtica.
Organizacin Contenido bien
organizado usando
ttulos y listas para
agrupar el material
relacionado.
Us ttulos y listas para
organizar, pero la
organizacin en conjunto
de tpicos aparenta
debilidad.
La mayor parte del
contenido est
organizado
lgicamente.
La organizacin no
estuvo clara o fue lgica.
Slo un conjunto de
vocablos sin significado
Originalidad El producto demuestra
gran originalidad. Las
ideas son creativas e
ingeniosas.
El producto demuestra
cierta originalidad. El
trabajo demuestra el uso
de nuevas ideas y de
perspicacia.
Usa ideas de otras
personas
(dndoles crdito),
pero no hay casi
evidencia de ideas
originales.
Usa ideas de otras
personas, pero no les da
crdito.
Contenido Presenta los vocablos
con detalles y
ejemplos. El
Incluye informacin
bsica sobre el acerca de
los vocablos presentado
Incluye
informacin
esencial sobre los
El contenido es mnimo y
tiene varios errores en
los hechos.
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA50

conocimiento del tema
es excelente.
por categoras. El
contenido parece ser
bueno.
vocablos incluidos,
pero tiene 1-2
errores en los
hechos.
Borrador Present sus
borradores para
revisin de proceso y
el acabado en la fecha
de vencimiento.
Se trajo el borrador en la
fecha de vencimiento,
pero no lo hizo
masivamente durante el
proceso de construccin
Provee una
redaccin y/o
edicin de su
proyecto, pero el
borrador no estaba
listo para ser
editado.
El proyecto no est listo
para su edicin y
presentacin en la fecha
de vencimiento.




CALIFICATIVO:










ANEXO 02

EVALUATION SHEET FOR ORAL PRESENTATION (PROJECT)
STUDENTSNAME: ___________________________________________________________________
SPECIALTY: __________________________CYCLE:_________________ UNIT: ____________________

CATEGORIA 4 3 2 1
Habla Claramente Habla claramente y
distintivamente todo
(100-95%) el tiempo y
no tiene mala
pronunciacin
Habla claramente y
distintivamente todo
(100-95%) el tiempo,
pero con una mala
pronunciacin.
Habla claramente y
distintivamente la
mayor parte (94-85%)
del tiempo. No tiene
mala pronunciacin.
A menudo habla
entre dientes o no se
le puede entender o
tiene mala
pronunciacin.
Vocabulario Usa vocabulario
apropiado para la
audiencia. Aumenta
el vocabulario de la
audiencia definiendo
las palabras que
podran ser nuevas
para sta.
Usa vocabulario
apropiado para la
audiencia. Incluye 1-2
palabras que podran
ser nuevas para la
mayor parte de la
audiencia, pero no las
define.
Usa vocabulario
apropiado para la
audiencia. No incluye
vocabulario que
podra ser nuevo para
la audiencia.
Usa varias (5 o ms)
palabras o frases que
no son entendidas
por la audiencia.
Contenido Demuestra un
completo
entendimiento del
tema.
Demuestra un buen
entendimiento del
tema
Demuestra un buen
entendimiento de
partes del tema.
No parece entender
muy bien el tema.
Tono El tono usado expresa
las emociones
El tono usado algunas
veces no expresa las
El tono usado expresa
emociones que no
El tono no fue usado
para expresar las
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA51

apropiadas. emociones
apropiadas para el
contenido.
son apropiadas para
el contenido.
emociones.
Escucha
Otras Presentaciones
Escucha
atentamente. No
hace movimientos o
ruidos que son
molestos.
Escucha atentamente
pero tiene un
movimiento o ruido
que es molesto.
Algunas veces
aparenta no estar
escuchando, pero no
es molesto.
Algunas veces no
aparenta escuchar y
tiene movimientos y
ruidos que son
molestos.



SCORE:













ANEXO 03
EVALUATION SHEET FOR ORAL PRESENTATION (CONVERSATIONS)



Last Names/ Names
1 st TOPIC
A
V
E
R
A
G
E
2
nd
TOPIC
F
(0-5)
P
(0-5)
DC
(0-5)
NVL
(0-5)
00-20
F
(0-5)
P
(0-5)
DC
(0-5)
NVL
(0-5)





Last Names/ Names 3 rd TOPIC
A
V
E
R
A
4
th
TOPIC
Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA52




DESCRIPTION:

F: Fluency at the time of speaking.
P: Pronunciation (tone, posture of body, stress and intonation)
Dc: Domain of content about structured and vocabulary studied.
Nvl: Use of non verbal language. (gesture according to the context in which develop the
conversation)

SCORE:



ANEXO 04

FICHA DE AUTOEVALUACIN

1. Apellidos y Nombres: ______________________________________________
2. Competencia Transversal: ___________________________________________
3. Criterio de Desempeo: _____________________________________________
4. Evidencia de Aprendizaje: ___________________________________________
5. Lugar y Fecha :_____________________________________________
6. Escala de valoracin: Nunca =1 A veces= 2 Casi siempre=3 Siempre= 4
7. Matriz de aspectos, indicadores y escala de valoracin.
Aspectos Indicadores
Es. Valoracin
N AV CS S
Formas de
Comunicacin
Me comunico adecuadamente con mi entorno.
Respeto la opinin de las personas de mi entorno.
Soy tolerante ante las situaciones de conflicto.
Utilizo un timbre de voz adecuado.
Desempeo
Personal
Asumo responsabilidades dentro de mi equipo de trabajo
Poseo estrategias para trabajar en equipo.
Aporto ideas pertinentes para facilitar el trabajo de mi equipo.
Muestro disposicin para trabajar en equipo.
Manejo de
Estrategias
Trabajo utilizando tcnicas adecuadas
Distribuyo el tiempo para todas las reas de aprendizaje
Esquematizo informacin en organizadores, grficos, resmenes ,etc.
G
E
F
(0-5)
P
(0-5)
DC
(0-5)
NVL
(0-5)
00-20
F
(0-5)
P
(0-5)
DC
(0-5)
NVL
(0-5)





Mg. SUGL TAPIA DVILA53

Organizo adecuadamente la informacin requerida para el trabajo en
equipo.

Utilizo estrategias de lectura en el trabajo bibliogrfico.
Utilizo tcnicas de recojo de informacin bibliogrfica respecto a
autores.

Liderazgo
Busco ser protagonista proponiendo nuevas ideas.
Conduzco al equipo de trabajo.
Promuevo la prctica de valores.
Busco mecanismos de conciliacin ante situaciones de conflicto.
Promuevo el justo medio ante opiniones opuestas.
Soy democrtico para promover la participacin de mi entorno.
Puntaje Parcial
Puntaje Total

Frmula para la obtencin de calificativo: FC+DP+ME+L/4

Calificativo: