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Chrysostomos of Smyrna

Saint Chrysostomos the New-


Hieromartyr of Smyrna
Photograph of St. Chrysostomos of Smyrna.
Born 1867
Triglia, Ottoman Empire
Died September 9, 1922
Smyrna, Ottoman Empire
Honored
in
Eastern Orthodox Church
Canonized November 4, 1992 by Church of
Greece
Feast Sunday before the Exaltation of
the Holy Cross (September 7-13)
Attributes Episcopal vestments, usually
holding a staff or a Gospel.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chrysostomos Kalafatis (18671922) (Greek:
), known as Saint Chrysostomos of Smyrna,
[1]
Chrysostomos of Smyrna and Metropolitan Chrysostom, was the
Greek Orthodox metropolitan bishop of Smyrna (Izmir) between 1910 and
1914, and again from 1919 to his death in 1922. He was born in Triglia
(today Zeytinba), Turkey in 1867, and was killed by a lynching mob
during the sacking of Smyrna by Turkish troops at the end of the Greco-
Turkish War of 19191922. He was declared a martyr and a saint of the
Eastern Orthodox Church by the Holy Synod of the Church of Greece on 4
November 1992.
[2]
Contents [hide]
1 Early life
2 Return to Smyrna
3 Lynching
4 Family Survivors
5 See also
6 Notes
7 References
8 External links
Early life [edit]
This section requires expansion.
(January 2011)
Kalafatis studied at the historical Theological School of Halki from the age
of 17.
[2]
He became the Metropolitan of Drama in 1902 and the
Metropolitan of Smyrna in 1910.
[2]
Return to Smyrna [edit]
This section requires expansion.
(January 2011)
He had not been in good terms with the Ottoman/Turkish authorities and he was displaced. When the Greek army
occupied Smyrna in 1919, at the beginning of the Greco-Turkish war, Kalafatis was reinstated to his office as bishop.
Lynching [edit]
On 9 September (Julian style 27 August) 1922, soon after the Turkish army had moved into Smyrna, a Turkish officer
and two soldiers took Chrysostomos from the office of the cathedral and delivered him to the Turkish commander-in-
chief, Nureddin Pasha. The general decided to hand him over
[3]
to a Turkish mob who murdered him.
According to French soldiers who witnessed the lynching but were under strict orders, at the point of their commanding
officer's revolver, not to intervene:
"The mob took possession of Metropolitan Chrysostom and carried him away... a little further on, in front of
an Italian hairdresser named Ismail ... they stopped and the Metropolitan was slipped into a white
hairdresser's overall. They began to beat him with their fists and sticks and to spit on his face. They riddled
him with stabs. They tore his beard off, they gouged his eyes out, they cut off his nose and ears."
[4]
Bishop Chrysostomos was then dragged (according to some sources,
[5]
he was dragged around the city by a car or
truck) into a backstreet of the Iki Cheshmeli district where he died soon after.
[4]
Family Survivors [edit]
Metropolitan Chrysostomos was survived by his nephews, among whom Yannis Elefteriades, who witnessed the arrest
and execution of his uncle, having found shelter by his side after the killing of his parents. He escaped to Lebanon, as a
refugee, where today, his grandson Michel Elefteriades is a well-known Greek-Lebanese politician, artist and producer.
[6]
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See also [edit]
Relief Committee for Greeks of Asia Minor
Halki seminary
Notes [edit]
1. ^ 85 Kathimerini.gr, 10
November 2007. (Greek)
2. ^
a

b

c
. Municipality of Triglia (Greek)
3. ^ [George Horton,The Blight of Asia,ISBN 960-05-0518-7,p.126]
4. ^
a

b
Milton 2008, pp. 268269.
5. ^ Aggelomatis, Chr, "Chronicle of Great Tragedy" (The Epic of Asia Minor), Estia, 1963, pp. 231-2
6. ^ [The lost descendants of Hellenism: The Antiochian Greeks] [1]
References [edit]
Akcam, Taner, A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility. Metropolitan
Books. (2006)
Milton, Giles (2008). Paradise Lost: Smyrna 1922: The Destruction of Islam's City of Tolerance (Paperback ed.).
London: Sceptre; Hodder & Stoughton Ltd. ISBN 978-0-340-96234-3. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
External links [edit]
Chrysostomos (Kalafatis) of Smyrna , at Orthodox Wiki.
The lost descendants of Hellenism: The Antiochian Greeks , at E-Epanastasi.
Categories: 1867 births 1922 deaths 20th-century Eastern Orthodox bishops Eastern Orthodox saints
Smyrniote Greeks Saints of modern Greece Murdered priests Occupation of Smyrna
20th-century Eastern Orthodox martyrs People murdered in Turkey Theological School of Halki alumni
Greek torture victims Lynching deaths Bishops of Smyrna
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