Sie sind auf Seite 1von 23

The Dothraki Language Dictionary (ver 3.084)

February 22 nd , 2014

This is the first available Dothraki dictionary. Dothraki is the language for the Dothraki pe- ople, a nomadic war-mongering race that ride the aptly-named Dothraki Sea steppes in George R.R. Martin’s series, A Song of Ice and Fire . It was created by David Peterson, of the Language Creation Society, for the HBO adaptation of the series: all copyright belongs to HBO and the LCS. This is a dictionary only of publicly made information, from posts on the LCS blog, the original books, David Peterson’s blog and personal emails. Words which have been created by David Peterson are listed as DP. Words created from the original book are listed as M. For more information, go to dothraki.org. As the main thrust of the vocabulary development is now on the wiki on Dothraki.org, an attempt is being made to keep these versions in sync. This dictio- nary is being maintained as it is more portable and searchable than the wiki. In the future, it can also better handle translations into other languages. Bold indicates a Dothraki word. Italics indicate the English definition. There are now sepa- rate, numbered entries for each word that has different definitions for different parts of speech (root words are generally excluded from this practice). Plain text indicates grammatical categorization: parentheses indicate extra information. The IPA indicates the correct pronunciation, and should now be fully up-to-date. Some transcrip- tions may have allomorphs, as in [qoj] or [ ]. Transitivity for verbs is marked if known: vtr., for transitive verbs, and vin. for intransitive verbs; words marked v. are either unattested or ambitransitive, or their transitivity is unable to be deduced. Noun animacy is marked na. for animate nouns, and ni. for inanimate nouns. Nouns marked simply n. are at this time unattested for animacy. A capital letter following a noun part of speech indicates whether a noun is ’type A’ or ’Type B’. Type B nouns generally take an epenthetic /e/ when they are shortened to stems, type A do not. Note that the type A/B apparently applies to verbs as well. Since the lexical form of Dothraki nouns and verbs are inflected forms, you will not see stems in this dictionary, except in a few rare cases. An attempt is being made to indicate the stems now, and it is hoped that eventually, all words with a questionable stem form will show the correct stem. Stress markings have been removed, as the stress is fairly predictable, and will be more completely addressed in a future version of this dictionary. Numbers are also listed here where David Peterson specifically attested one-word terms for them. There is also now a numbers section in the appendices. The words herein should include all publicly known words. But if you find more words elsewhere, spot any errors or inconsistencies, or have any comments, please let me know on the forum. Thanks. This dictionary is updated to match the Wiki edit of 6 February 2014, 04:17z.

1

TEST MODE: Changes were recently made to the underlying code that drives the dictio- nary to remove a means of checking updates for accuracy, etc. offline. So, updates need to be checked online. If you see the word ’test’ following the version number, that means that the version is being actively updated, and is not considered ’released for general use’. Use test up- dates at your own risk. In general, the dictionary is in test mode for only an hour or so, every 7-10 days. Come back in an hour or so, and the dictionary should be back in ’general release’ state. Many praises and thanks go to Lajaki and Ingsve, who originally compiled this, and Tuiq, who originally put the coding online. Thanks also goes out to the folks at learnnavi.org, who now host the backend server and database (as well as our website), that generates this dictio- nary. Much of the maintenance of this dictionary is now being done by Hrakkar.

2

The Dictionary

A

acchakat: [ ] DP vtr. to silence achra: [ ] DP adj. smelly achrakh: [ ] DP ni. stink achralat: [ ] DP v. to be smelly, to give off a smell adakhat: [ ] DP v. to eat adakhilat: [ ] DP v. to feed (specifically, to feed on or feast on) addakhat: [ ] DP vtr. to feed addo ajjalani: [ ] DP n. midnight addothralat: [ ] DP vtr. to convey, to transport someone addrekat: [ ] DP vtr. to cause to spill, to spill addrivat: [ ] DP vtr. to kill (chiefly when done intentionally by a person) ador: [ ] DP ni. chair adra: [ ] DP na. turtle aena: [ ] DP n. morning afazh: [ ] DP adj. hot afazhi: [ ] DP adj. warm

affa: [ ] DP intj. ’shh’, sound used to calm a ammenat: [ ] DP vtr. to empty somet-

akatken: [ ] DP num. two hundred akatthi: [ ] DP num. twelve akka: [ ] DP adv. also, as well, even, re- akkate: [ ] DP adv. alike, the same way akkelenak: [ ] DP na. leader akkelenat: [ ] DP v. to decide, to judge akko!: [ ] DP intj. stand up! (short for akko- varas, for commanding animals) akkovarat: [ ] DP v. to stand (somet- hing) up ale: [ ] DP adj. some alegra: [ ] DP ni. duck alikh: [ ] DP ni. more allayafat : [ ] DP vtr. to please alle : [ ] DP adv. farther, further alloshat: [ ] DP vtr. to pledge ammasat: [ ] DP v. to decorate ammattelat: [ ] DP v. to hobble a per- son ammemat: [ ] DP v. to play a musical instrument

horse or child

hing

affazhat: [ ] DP vtr. to warm, to give ammithrat: [ ] DP vtr. to rest

warmth to, to make hot affazolat: [ ] DP vtr. to replace affesat: [ ] DP vtr. to make someone itch affin: [ ] DP adv. when affisat: [ ] DP vtr. to clean, to wash afis: [ ] DP n. fly

aggendat: [ ] DP vtr. to rip something, annakholat: [ ] DP vtr. to put an end

to tear something ahesh: [ ] DP ni. snow aheshke: [ ] DP ni. winter ahhaqat: [ ] DP vtr. to frustrate ahhasat: [ ] DP vtr. to sharpen

ahhaz: [ ] DP adv. then (in close or imme- annithat: [ ] DP v. to cause pain, to hurt

diate future) cf. arrek ai: [ ] M intj. yes, obedient response ajjalan: [ ] DP adv. tonight ajjin: [ ] DP adv. now akat: [ ] DP num. two akatak: [ ] DP na. second (ordinal, use ge- nitive form if modifying a noun.) akataki: [ ] adj. second

to, to finish annese: [ ] DP ni. announcement annevalat: [ ] DP vtr. to sit something, to leave something alone anni: [ ] DP pn. of mine

anat (1): [ ] DP v. to jog anat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to gen. to jog beside anha: [ ] DP pn. I anna: [ ] DP pn. me annakhat: [ ] DP v. to stop (someone or something)

annithilat: [ ] DP v. to encourage, to in- vigorate, to entice ao (1): [ ] DP adj. deep ao (2): [ ] DP adv. dark (of color) aqqisat: [ ] DP vtr. to keep near arakh: [ ] M,DP ni. curved sword aranat: [ ] DP vtr. to drop (something) aranikh: [ ] DP ni. subject, topic, theme

3

arannat: [ ] DP v. to be neglected aresak: [ ] DP na. coward arraggat: [ ] DP v. to choke arranat: [ ] DP vtr. to shame, to cause to be merciful arrane: [ ] DP n. shaming, a public dressing down arrek: [ ] DP adv. then (not in the immedi- ate future) cf. ahhaz arrissat: [ ] DP v. to fix arrokhat: [ ] DP vtr. to frighten arthasat: [ ] DP v. to fall arthasolat: [ ] DP v. to fall asavva: [ ] DP na. sky ase: [ ] DP ni. word, command asfavirzeth: [ ] DP ni. cranberry ashefa: [ ] DP na. river asqoyi: [ ] DP ni. oath, vow assamvat: [ ] DP vtr. to break (somet- hing) asshekh (1): [ ] DP adv. today asshekh (2): [ ] DP ni. today asshekh (3): [ ] DP na. day asshekhqoyi: [ ] DP ni. birthday asshie: [ ] DP n. introduction asshilat: [ ] DP v. to introduce, to present assikhqoyi: [ ] DP ni. sign, omen assikhqoyisir: [ ] DP na. prophecy assilat (1): [ ] DP v. to signal assilat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to defeat assilat (3): [ ] DP vtr. to all. to signal to assokh: [ ] DP ni. mesage, instructions assolat: [ ] DP v. to command astat: [ ] DP v. to say astilat (1): [ ] DP v. to joke astilat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to gen. to joke about asto: [ ] DP n. saying, prayer astolat (1): [ ] DP v. to speak astolat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to gen. to speak of at: [ ] DP num. one atak: [ ] DP na. first (ordinal, use genitive form if modifying a noun.) ataki: [ ] DP adj. first ath: [ ] DP adj. dry athaddrivar: [ ] DP ni. fatality athahhaqar: [ ] DP ni. frustration athaozar: [ ] DP ni. depths, deep athasar: [ ] DP na. wasteland

athastokhdeveshizar: [ ] DP ni. nonsense athayozar: [ ] DP ni. waiting athchilar: [ ] DP ni. limit, lay, extreme athchomar: [ ] DP ni. respect, reverence athchomar chomakea: [ ] DP phrase respect to those that are respectful (A greeting said to a group) athdarinar: [ ] DP ni. lameness athdavrazar: [ ] DP ni. usefullness (also means good or excellent when used as an exclamation.) athdikar: [ ] DP ni. speed athdisizar: [ ] DP ni. comfort, simplicity athdrivar: [ ] DP ni. death athdrivar shekhi: [ ] DP ni. sunset athdrivarido: [ ] DP ni. nightmare athessazar: [ ] DP ni. return athezar: [ ] DP ni. departure athezhirar: [ ] DP ni. dancing athfiezar: [ ] DP ni. love (between sib- lings or friends) athgoshar: [ ] DP ni. certainty athhilezar: [ ] DP ni. sex athijezar: [ ] DP ni. woman-on-top sex athjahakar: [ ] DP ni. pride, prowess athjerizar: [ ] DP ni discussion athjilar: [ ] DP ni. correct (when used as an exclamation, lit. rightness) athkemar: [ ] DP ni. marrige athlanar: [ ] DP ni. running athlaqar: [ ] DP ni. wailing athmanimvenar: [ ] DP ni. anx- iousness athmithrar: [ ] DP ni. rest athmovezar: [ ] DP ni. magic athniqar: [ ] DP ni. rigidity athnithar: [ ] DP ni. pain athnithmenar: [ ] DP ni. pain- lessness athohharar: [ ] DP ni. collapse, defeat atholat: [ ] DP v. to dry athostar: [ ] DP ni. fury athrokhar: [ ] DP ni. fear athtihar: [ ] DP ni. vision, look athvezhvenar: [ ] DP ni. greatness, excellent (when used as an exclamation) athvilajerar: [ ] DP ni. war

4

athvillar : [ ] DP ni. wisdom (gained from experience or learned) athyolar: [ ] DP ni. birth athzalar: [ ] DP ni. hope athzhikhar: [ ] DP ni. sickness athzhilar: [ ] DP ni. love (romantic or sex- ual love; a private word) athzhokwazar: [ ] DP ni. size athzhowakar: [ ] DP ni. danger ato: [ ] DP ni. one, something atte: [ ] DP adv. first, firstly atthar: [ ] DP ni. duty

atthasat: [ ] DP v. to make someo- az: [ ] DP ni. blade

ne/something fall, to defeat, to destroy (insul- ting) atthdrivar shekhi: [ ] DP ni. sun- set atthi: [ ] DP num. eleven atthirar: [ ] DP ni. life atthirarido: [ ] DP ni. dream attihat: [ ] DP vtr. to show ave: [ ] DP na. father

avvemolat: [ ] DP v. to make somet- hing to kneel avvirsalat: [ ] DP vtr. to burn somet- hing avvitisherat: [ ] DP vtr. to grow somet- hing avvos: [ ] DP adv. never awazak: [ ] DP na. screamer awazat: [ ] DP v. to scream ayena: [ ] DP ni. bell ayolat: [ ] DP vin. to wait ayyey: [ ] DP adv. always

azhasavva: [ ] DP ni. blessing azhat: [ ] DP vtr. to give (something to some- one) Recipient is in allative case azho: [ ] DP ni. gift azzafrok: [ ] DP na. slaver azzafrolat: [ ] DP vtr. to enslave azzisat: [ ] DP vtr. to harm someone azzohat: [ ] DP vtr. to put something down

C

chaf: [ ] DP na. wind

chafak: [ ] DP na. mercenary, turncloak, traitor chafasar: [ ] DP na. climate chafka: [ ] DP ni. autumn chak: [ ] DP adj. silent chakat (1): [ ] DP num. twenty chakat (2): [ ] DP vin. to be silent chal: [ ] DP ni. bean (general use)

challeya: [ ] DP

food) charat (1): [ ] DP vtr. to hear charat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to abl. to hear some of charat (3): [ ] DP vtr. to gen. to hear about chare: [ ] DP ni. ear charolat: [ ] DP v. to listen che: [ ] DP det. either, or chek: [ ] DP adv. well chelsian: [ ] DP na. locust cheno: [ ] DP ni. liver chetira: [ ] DP ni. a distance of about a half mile which can be cantered in one leshitof chetirat (1): [ ] DP v. to canter

ni. bean (when used as

chetirat (2) : [ ] DP vtr. to gen. to canter beside cheyao: [ ] DP na. dark bay horse cheyaoven: [ ] DP adj. dark brown skin- ned chifekh: [ ] DP num. seventy chifti: [ ] DP na. cricket chiftik: [ ] DP na. cricket man (used as an insult) chiftikh: [ ] DP ni. weak hit, glancing blow (with sword) chilat: [ ] DP v. to lie down chilay: [ ] DP adj. lying, supine chimek: [ ] DP num. fifty chiori: [ ] DP na. woman chiorikem: [ ] DP ni. wife chiqazat: [ ] DP num. ninety chir: [ ] DP v.aux. almost, nearly chisen: [ ] DP num. thirty chitor: [ ] DP num. forty chiva: [ ] DP ni. horn chizhinda: [ ] DP num. sixty chomak: [ ] DP na. one who is respectful

5

(insulting when used for a fellow Dothra- ki) chomat (1): [ ] DP v. to be respectul chomat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to all. to respect chomokh: [ ] DP ni. honor chomolat (1): [ ] DP vin. to grow re- spectful chomolat (2) : [ ] DP vtr. to give respect to, to honor chongat: [ ] DP v. to be hard

D

daeni: [ ] DP ni. leaf dahaan: [ ] DP adj. green dahana: [ ] DP ni. type of grass daki: [ ] DP ni. pomegranate dalen: [ ] DP num. thousand dalfe: [ ] DP ni. cow, beef dan: [ ] DP ni. ford (of a river), gem dana: [ ] DP ni. clearing in a forest darif: [ ] DP ni. saddle darin: [ ] DP adj. lame, limp dave (1): [ ] DP na. rosemary bush dave (2): [ ] DP adj. pungent davra: [ ] DP adj. good, useful davrakh: [ ] DP ni. useful thing, app davralat (1): [ ] DP vin. to be useful davralat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to all. to be useful to davveya: [ ] DP ni. rosemary dech: [ ] DP ni. cheek (on the face) dei (1): [ ] DP adj. shallow dei (2): [ ] DP adv. light (of color) devesh: [ ] DP ni. fog devolat: [ ] DP vtr. to know how, to be able to diaf: [ ] DP ni. skull dik: [ ] DP adj. fast dili : [ ] DP ni. flash, sparkle dirgat: [ ] DP v. to think dirge: [ ] DP ni. thought, idea dis: [ ] DP adj. simple, plain dishah: [ ] DP ni. bark disisse: [ ] DP adj. very simple disse: [ ] DP adv. only, just diwe: [ ] DP adj. wet diwelat: [ ] DP vin. to be wet

6

chongolat: [ ] DP v. to solidify choo: [ ] DP na. pika chori: [ ] DP num. eighty chorkat: [ ] DP v. to roll chosh: [ ] DP adj. fresh chot: [ ] DP ni. beet chotteya: [ ] DP ni. beet paste choyo: [ ] DP ni. joke word for someones be- hind

dogat (1): [ ] DP vin. to suffer dogat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to abl. to suffer from donat (1): [ ] DP v. to shout donat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to gen. to shout about dorvi: [ ] DP ni. goat dorvof: [ ] DP ni. ibex dosh: [ ] DP n. council dothrak: [ ] DP na. rider dothrakh: [ ] DP ni. ride dothrakhqoyi: [ ] DP ni. bloodrider dothralat (1) : [ ] DP v. to ride (With hor- se, steed, or my horse, my steed as the subject) dothralat (2) : [ ] DP vtr. to gen. to ride alongside dothralat (3): [ ] DP v. to have an erection dozgikh: [ ] DP ni. animal carcass dozgo: [ ] DP ni, na. enemy (used as na. when referring to a specific enemy) dozgosor: [ ] DP na. enemy horde, slang for one’s own khalasar drane: [ ] DP na. mother who is breastfee- ding her child dranekh: [ ] DP ni. mother’s milk (human milk) drekat: [ ] DP vin. to spill (non volitional e.g. the milk spilled) drekolat: [ ] DP vtr. to come to spill, to tip over and spill driv: [ ] DP adj. dead drivat: [ ] DP vin. to be dead drivolat (1): [ ] DP vin. to die drivolat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to abl. to die from drogat: [ ] DP vtr. to drive (animals) drogikh: [ ] DP ni. herd drozhat: [ ] DP vtr. to slay, to kill (done by inanimate object, animals, or unawares)

E

edavrasa: [ ] DP adj. useless, of poor quality efat: [ ] DP v. to squeeze efe: [ ] DP ni. shackle efesalat: [ ] DP vtr. to uproot, to scratch ei: [ ] DP det. all, every ejakh: [ ] DP ni. bank (of a body of water) ejervalat: [ ] DP v. to remove ekhogaralat: [ ] DP v. to undress elain: [ ] DP n. seed, sperm elainat: [ ] DP v. to plant elat (1): [ ] DP v. to go elat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to gen. to go along with eleisosakh: [ ] DP ni. point on a route, ’via point’ elme: [ ] DP ni. shoulder elzat: [ ] DP v. to respond elzikh: [ ] DP ni. response emat (1): [ ] DP vin. to smile emat (2) : [ ] DP vtr. to all. to smile at, to ap- prove of eme: [ ] DP ni. smile emesh: [ ] DP ni. smiley emmalat: [ ] DP vtr. to make something enter (from emralat) emmat: [ ] DP vtr. to amuse emrakh: [ ] DP ni. gate emralat: [ ] DP v. to enter enossho: [ ] DP ni. mule enta: [ ] DP n. baby, infant eqorasalat: [ ] DP vtr. to let go of erin: [ ] DP adj. kind, good erinak: [ ] DP na. lady, kind one erinat: [ ] DP v. to be kind, to be good ershe: [ ] DP adj. old es: [ ] DP adj. smooth esazhalat: [ ] DP v. to take something back

F

fakat (1): [ ] DP vtr. to kick fakat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to all. to kick at fansa: [ ] DP n. dappled horse faqqi: [ ] DP na. corn bunting (a bird) fas: [ ] DP n. cloud fasqoyi: [ ] DP ni. destiny

esemrasakh: [ ] DP ni. exit esemrasalat: [ ] DP v. to exit, to leave eshina: [ ] DP n. fish eshna: [ ] DP adv. another, other esina: [ ] DP adj. different esinakh: [ ] DP ni. a different thing esinalat: [ ] DP vin. to be different esinasolat: [ ] DP vin. to change esittesak: [ ] DP na. braggart, blowhard esittesalat: [ ] DP v. to brag, to exagge- rate essalat: [ ] DP vin. to return essheya: [ ] DP ni. roof, top part, top eth: [ ] DP v.aux. must, have to evat: [ ] DP vtr. to start doing something (used with a verb) eve: [ ] DP n. tail eveth: [ ] DP ni. water evethiz: [ ] DP ni. poison water evolat: [ ] DP vin. to start evvat: [ ] DP vtr. to start something ewe: [ ] DP n. olive ewekh: [ ] DP ni. olive oil ewweya: [ ] DP ni. olive pit eyak: [ ] DP pn. everyone eyel: [ ] DP ni. rain eyelat: [ ] DP vtr. to move something eyeli : [ ] DP adj. spotted (e.g. the status of having spots) eyelilat: [ ] DP vin. to be spotted (e.g. the state or status of having spots) eyelke: [ ] DP ni. spring ezat: [ ] DP v. to find ezhirat: [ ] DP vin. to dance ezhiray: [ ] DP adj. dancing ezok: [ ] DP na. learner ezolat: [ ] DP v. to learn ezzolat: [ ] DP v. to teach

fatat (1): [ ] DP vtr. to slap fatat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to all. to slap at fatilat (1): [ ] DP vtr. to insult fatilat (2) : [ ] DP vtr. to all. to throw an in- sult at fejat: [ ] DP v. to hate

7

fekh: [ ] DP num. seven fekhak: [ ] DP na. seventh (ordinal, use ge- nitive form if modifying a noun.) fekhken: [ ] DP num. seven hundred fekhthi: [ ] DP num. seventeen felde : [ ] DP n. wing feldekh : [ ] DP ni. feather fenat: [ ] DP vtr. to attach ferri: [ ] DP ni. hemp feshith: [ ] DP n. tree feso: [ ] DP ni. carrot fevelat (1): [ ] DP vin. to thirst fevelat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to abl. to thirst for fichat: [ ] DP vtr. to take, to bring, to fetch fiez: [ ] DP n. rope fih: [ ] DP ni. smoke filkak: [ ] DP na. coward filkat: [ ] DP vin. to move like a caterpillar filki: [ ] DP ni. caterpillar filla : [ ] DP ni. dried plum fin (1) : [ ] DP pn. what (question word, when speaking of an animate object) fin (2) : [ ] DP pn. relative pronoun that intro- duces relative clause, when speaking of an ani- malte object fini (1) : [ ] DP pn. what (question word, when speaking of an inanimate object) fini (2): [ ] DP pn. relative pronoun that intro- duces relative clause, when speaking of an ina- nimate object finne: [ ] DP pn. where fir: [ ] DP adj. round

G

gachat: [ ] DP v. to figure out, to solve gache: [ ] DP ni. place, environs gadim: [ ] DP ni. lungs gaezo: [ ] DP n. brother gale: [ ] DP n. egg gamiz: [ ] DP ni. rice ganat: [ ] DP v. to lean gango: [ ] DP ni. belly gango awazat : [ ] DP v. to feel anx- ious/excited gaoli : [ ] DP n. intestines garfoth: [ ] DP n. root garvolat (1): [ ] DP vin. to grow hungry garvolat (2) : [ ] DP vtr. to abl. to hunger

8

fire: [ ] DP ni. ring firesof: [ ] DP ni. year firi: [ ] DP n. ball firikh: [ ] DP ni. ring firikhnharen: [ ] DP ni. crown fish: [ ] DP adj. cold fitte: [ ] DP adj. short fitteya: [ ] DP ni. an unnoticed and uncalled-for erection flas: [ ] DP ni. a film on top of a soup, cream flasikh: [ ] DP ni. update flech: [ ] DP adj. dull fonak: [ ] DP na. hunter fonakasar: [ ] DP na. hunting party fonas chek: [ ] DP phrase said at par- ting lit. hunt well fonat: [ ] DP v. to hunt fonolat: [ ] DP vtr. to track, to seek fotha: [ ] DP ni. throat foz: [ ] DP adj. old fozak: [ ] DP na. elders frakhat (1): [ ] DP vtr. to touch frakhat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to all. to reach to touch frakholat: [ ] DP vtr. to feel fredri: [ ] DP n. sound of horse’s hooves on dirt fredrik: [ ] DP na. chatterbox, one who sounds like horse’s hooves fredrilat: [ ] DP vin. to run (with horses as subject)

for gavat: [ ] DP ni. meat gendat: [ ] DP vin. to be ripped, to be torn gende (1): [ ] DP n. rip gende (2): [ ] DP adj. ripped gendolat: [ ] DP vin. to become ripped, to rip gerat: [ ] DP vtr. to abl. to lack gerikh: [ ] DP ni. lack geve: [ ] DP na. mole gezri: [ ] DP na. snake gezrikh: [ ] DP ni. a feint or decoy strike (with sword) gidat: [ ] DP v. to push

gillo : [ ] DP n. breeze gillosor : [ ] DP na. weather gimi: [ ] DP n. mouse giz: [ ] DP n. bee gizikh: [ ] DP ni. honey gizikhven: [ ] DP adj. sweet glas: [ ] DP n. onion glen: [ ] DP n. louse gomma: [ ] DP n. mouth of a human

H

h’: [ ] DP prep. elided version of ha ha (1): [ ] DP prep. to abl. from ha (2): [ ] DP prep. to all. for hadaen: [ ] DP ni. food hador: [ ] DP n. gust of wind haesh: [ ] M ni. spawn haf: [ ] DP adj. soft, quiet haj: [ ] M adj. strong haje: [ ] DP adj. right (direction) hajekh: [ ] DP ni. right side haji (1): [ ] DP prep. to abl. because of, on account of

haji (2) : [ ] DP prep. Default preposition for foreign words thet do not decline hajinaan: [ ] DP conj. because (follo- wed by prefix me-) hajolat: [ ] DP v. to grow strong hake: [ ] DP na. name hakelat: [ ] DP v. to name something hakeso: [ ] DP adj. famous halah: [ ] DP na. flower halahi: [ ] DP ni. tree that can blossom hale: [ ] DP intj. hey! (exclamation) hammi: [ ] DP n. yak hanna: [ ] DP ni. rose haqat: [ ] DP v. to be tired haqe: [ ] DP adj. tired haqeqqe: [ ] DP adj. exhausted haqolat: [ ] DP v. to grow tired has: [ ] DP adj. sharp

hash (1): [ ] DP

hash (2): [ ] DP conj. do (question word) hash yer ray nesi: [ ] DP phrase did you know? hatif (1): [ ] DP n. face hatif (2): [ ] DP prep. to gen. in front of, be- fore

conj. if

then,

when

then

9

gorat: [ ] DP v. to charge goshat: [ ] DP v. to be certain, to be sure govak: [ ] DP na. fucker (insult) govat: [ ] DP vtr. to mate with (of animals) graddakh (1): [ ] DP ni. waste, refuse graddakh (2): [ ] DP intj. shit (generic undirected profanity) gref: [ ] DP n. wall gwe: [ ] DP intj. Here!, Let’s go!, Go!

hatif (3): [ ] DP prep. to all. to front of, to before hatif (4): [ ] DP prep. to abl. from front of, from before havazh: [ ] DP n. sea havolat: [ ] DP v. to move weakly havzi: [ ] DP n. cat havziven: [ ] DP adj. lazy haz (1): [ ] DP det. that (when speaking of an object present and directly indicated) haz (2): [ ] pn. that (when speaking of an animate object present and directly indica- ted) hazi: [ ] DP pn. that (when speaking of an inanimate object present and directly indi- cated) hazze: [ ] DP adv. there heffof: [ ] DP ni. jug hem: [ ] DP ni. fur heme: [ ] DP adj. furry hemelat: [ ] DP v. to have fur hemikh: [ ] DP ni. pelt heshahat: [ ] DP vin. to ride hesk: [ ] DP adj. southern heske: [ ] DP ni. south heth: [ ] DP ni. rim, lips (of a person) hethkat: [ ] DP v. tight; ready, prepared hethke: [ ] DP adj. tight; ready, prepared hezhah: [ ] DP adv. far hezhahat: [ ] DP v. to navigate hilelat: [ ] DP vtr. to dig, to have sex, to hit (score with someone sexually) himat: [ ] DP vin. to clench himo: [ ] DP n. fist, clenched thing hiri!: [ ] DP intj. watch! (short for vitihiras, for commanding animals) hlaka: [ ] DP ni. glove

hlizif: [ ] DP na. bear hlizifikh: [ ] DP ni. a wild but powerful sword strike hlofa: [ ] DP ni. wrist, ankle holat: [ ] DP v. to blow hosh: [ ] DP intj. giddyup! hoshor: [ ] DP adj. golden hoska: [ ] DP n. mouth of an animal hoyalat: [ ] DP v. to sing

I

iddelat: [ ] DP vtr. to welcome, to make so- meone drink idiro: [ ] DP na. owl idirolat: [ ] DP v. to suddenly turn com- pletely around (as if by surprise), make a "U- turn" ido: [ ] DP adj. wooden, fake idrik: [ ] DP na. leader of the hunt or host idrilat: [ ] DP vtr. to guide ifak: [ ] DP na. foreigner ifat (1): [ ] DP vin. to walk ifat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to gen. to walk beside ifeqevron: [ ] DP n. species of forest spi- der iffat: [ ] DP vtr. to make someone walk iffi: [ ] DP n. victory igge: [ ] DP n. bucket ijelat: [ ] DP v. to swallow, to practice woman-on-top sex ikh: [ ] DP ni. ashes ildat : [ ] DP v. to strike ildo : [ ] DP ni. sword strike ilek: [ ] DP n. skin imesh: [ ] DP adj. young imo: [ ] DP ni. belt inavva: [ ] DP n. sister indelat: [ ] DP v. to drink

J

jadat: [ ] DP v. to come

jadilat: [ ] DP vtr. to approach, to come up to jadolat: [ ] DP v. to arrive jadro: [ ] DP ni. vulture jahak: [ ] DP na. Dothraki hair-braid, li- on’s mane, hairstyle

hoyali : [ ] DP ni. song hrakkar: [ ] M na. white lion hrakkarikh: [ ] DP ni. a quick, power- ful, accurate sword strike hranna: [ ] M ni. a type of grass, any grass- like ground cover hrazef: [ ] DP ni. horse hrazefeser: [ ] DP na. herd of wild hor- ses, ’traffic’

inte: [ ] DP ni. beetle irge (1): [ ] DP n. back irge (2): [ ] DP prep. to gen. after irge (3): [ ] DP prep. to all. to behind irge (4): [ ] DP prep. to abl. from behind irra: [ ] DP n. trout irvosa: [ ] DP ni. a distance of approxima- tely one fourth mile irvosat: [ ] DP v. to trot ish: [ ] DP v.aux. might ishish: [ ] DP adv. maybe iste: [ ] DP adj. well proven, well tested ita: [ ] DP adj. suitably warm ithkoil: [ ] DP adj. brittle ittelat: [ ] DP vtr. to make something well- proven, to test in action ivezh: [ ] DP adj. wild ivezho: [ ] DP n. beast ivezholat: [ ] DP vin. to grow fierce ivisat: [ ] DP vin. to melt ivvisat: [ ] DP v. to melt something iz: [ ] DP n. poison izat: [ ] DP vin. to be poisonous, to be ve- nomous izven: [ ] DP adj. forbidden izzat: [ ] DP vtr. to poison

jahakmen: [ ] DP adj. braidless jalan: [ ] DP na. moon jalan qoyi: [ ] DP n. harvest moon jalanqoyi: [ ] DP ni. total lunar eclipse janha: [ ] DP n. blanket janise: [ ] DP na. niece jano: [ ] DP ni. dog

10

jaqqa: [ ] DP n. executioner, someone re- sponsible for someone’s death jaqqa rhan : [ ] M n. mercy men (not literal translation) jasat: [ ] DP v. to laugh javrath: [ ] DP n. reins javrathat: [ ] DP vtr. to rein (broad usage) jazat: [ ] DP v. to block jazo: [ ] DP ni. block, an instance of blocking jedda: [ ] DP ni. pony jekhtat (1): [ ] DP vin. to bounce, to ri- cochet jekhtat (2) : [ ] DP vtr. to abl. to bounce off of jela: [ ] DP ni. lemon jelaven: [ ] DP adj. sour jelli: [ ] DP ni. cheese jerakasar: [ ] DP na. trader’s guild, "company" jerat: [ ] DP v. to trade jerriya: [ ] DP ni. discussion jervat: [ ] DP v. to imprison jesat: [ ] DP v. to pull jeser: [ ] DP n. market jesh: [ ] DP ni. ice

K

k’: [ ] DP prep. elided version of ki kadat: [ ] DP v. to capture, to wrangle, to corral kade: [ ] DP ni. net kadikh: [ ] DP ni. untamed captured animal kafat: [ ] DP v. to smash kafe: [ ] DP n. pestle kaffat: [ ] DP v. to crush kane: [ ] DP na. lark karlina: [ ] DP ni. mile, distance traveled in one leshitof karlina Valeri : [ ] DP ni. kilometer (measure) karlinat (1): [ ] DP v. to gallop karlinat (2): [ ] DP vtr. to gen. to gallop beside karlinqoyi: [ ] DP ni. to gallop fast enough to kill a horse, if prolonged kartat