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Editing in ArcGIS 10

1/67 Copyright 2010-2011 John Schaeffer


Presentation Objectives
Whats Changed
Feature Templates
Construction Tools
Editing Tools
Snapping
Editing Attributes
Some tips and Tricks if time
This PowerPoint will be available at www.junipergis.com>links >presentations
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Whats Changed
Editor Toolbar Old Style
Editor Toolbar ArcGIS 10
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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What's Changed
Start Editing
Normal Start
New option to start editing
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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What's Changed
Editor Toolbar Old Style
Sketch Tools now are
upfront, or
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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What's Changed
Editor Toolbar Old Style
on the Feature Construction
mini toolbar
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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What's Changed
Editor Toolbar Old Style
Feature Templates
ArcGIS 10
Some Tasks
in Create Features
9.x Task List options where they are now
Old Style
Task list items now on Editor Toolbar,
- Construction Tools
- Advanced Editing Toolbar
- Topology Toolbar
or other toolbars
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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What happened to the Task List?
Add to Toolbar
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Feature Templates used to define how features and
attributes will work
Construction Tools
Editing Tools
Editing in ArcGIS 10
ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview
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Snapping
Editing Attributes
Editing in ArcGIS 10
ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview
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The Editing Session
All edits are performed in an Edit Session
Table calculations can be done outside an edit session
Start an Edit Session from layer context menu or Editor menu
Editing can only be performed on data from one directory or geodatabase at a time.
ArcView can edit Shapefiles and personal geodatabases.
ArcEditor needed to edit SDE geodatabases.
Editing tools and procedures work the same for all data types and software levels.
ArcEditor and ArcInfo provide more tools
Editing in ArcGIS 10
ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview
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The Editing Session
Edits can be saved during an edit session or
when you close the edit session.
Edits work in conjunction
with Selectable layers
Can use any selection method to
select features for editing.
Editing in ArcGIS 10
ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview
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The Editor Toolbar
Contains most editing commands and options
Open by clicking on the Editor Button or opening the
toolbar from Customize>Toolbars.
Editing in ArcGIS 10
ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview
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The Editor Menu
Start/Stop Editing; Save Edits
Move
Construct Points BufferUnion and Copy Parallel
create new features in the target layer (feature template).
Merge... Split modify features in the same layer.
Clip can be used to subtract areas from features.
Validate Features (works with geodatabases)
Editing in ArcGIS 10
ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview
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The Editor Menu
Snapping opens snapping dialog box
More Editing Toolbars
Editing Windows
Editing in ArcGIS 10
ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview
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The Editor Menu
Editor Menu Options
Options for Topology, Units,
Annotation and Attributes
Sticky move tolerance
Classic Snapping
Stream Tolerance
Editing in ArcGIS 10
ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Create Feature Dialog Box
Create Features Dialog
Combines Target Layer & Sketch tools & Task List
Target Layers become Feature Templates
Feature Templates based on current
symbology
Some Task List and Sketch tool items
included in the Construction Tools section
Construction Tools change depending
on feature type
Each Template has a default tool
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Create Feature Dialog Box
Feature Templates
Templates initially created from any visible layer
in editable data frame/folder/Geodatabase
Templates can be deleted, copied, changed
ArcMap remembers how templates are
organized next time you open the map
If you add new layers,
need to add templates
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Create Feature Dialog Box
Feature Templates
Feature Templates are based on
current symbology
Can have multiple templates for
each layer
Best to set symbology before
starting to edit
Set symbology on categorical
data, not quantitative
Turn off layers you dont need
- keeps the Create Features dialog
cleaner
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Create Feature Dialog Box
Feature Templates - Template Properties
Default Construction Tool
Default Attribute Values
Tags & Description
Cannot change
symbology
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Create Feature Dialog Box
Feature Templates - Organizing Templates
Lists all Layers
New (add)
Templates
Copy/Delete
Tags
Properties
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Create Feature Dialog Box
Feature Templates - Organizing Templates
Filtering\Grouping Templates
Used to change order of templates
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Create Feature Dialog Box
Feature Templates - Other Uses
Many editing commands require templates
Might need to create Template in advance
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Create Feature Dialog Box
Feature Templates - Creating Features
Select Template
Select Construction Tool if not using default tool
Start Sketching
Old Way -
Set Target Layer
Select Task
Select Sketch Tool
Start Sketching
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Creating Features
Feature Construction Tools located many places
Construct Tools in Create Features
Default Tool set as part of
Template Properties
Choices change depending
on feature type
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Creating Features
Feature Construction Tools
Construction Methods\Tools on Editor Toolbar
Straight Segment (Sketch)
End Point Arc Segment
Midpoint
Trace
Right Angle
Distance-Distance & Distance-Direction
Intersection
Arc Segment
Tangent Curve Segment & Bezier Curve Segment
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Creating Features
Feature Construction Tools
Feature Construction Mini toolbar
Straight Segment (Sketch)
End Point Arc Segment
Trace; Etc
Constrain Parallel select feature to mimic
Constrain Perpendicular
Finish Sketch
Undo
Use Tab key to move toolbar up or down
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Creating Features
Feature Construction Tools
Sketch Tool
Context Menu
Opened by
right-clicking an
existing feature or
an empty space.
Similar to 9.x
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Creating Features
Feature Construction Tools
Topology Toolbar
Construct Polygons Creates polygon
features from selected lines
Requires ArcEditor
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Creating Features
Feature Construction Tools
Editor Menu Commands for creating new features
Construct Points creates points
along selected line segment
Copy Parallel
Buffer creates Polygon if
Feature Template is a Polygon, creates
closed line if Feature Template is a Line.
Union Creates new feature from
multiple selected features - works on point,
line and polygon features
- some tools require a template
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Feature Editing Workings with Sketches
Sketches are the representation of the feature and are
what is actually being edited.
Sketches from existing features are highlighted
in cyan with green vertexes;
Sketches for new features will display with
green lines and green vertexes.
Certain tools work differently depending on whether
youre selecting Sketches or Features.
Sketches are converted back to features when editing is
saved or stopped.
Editing in ArcGIS 10
Editing Features
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Feature Editing Workings with Sketches
Selection Anchor controls how
Some commands like Move, Scale,
and Rotate operate.
Change location by moving cursor over
The anchor and clicking the <Ctrl> key to
change cursor style when moving objects.
Scale and Rotate commands let you
change the anchor just by moving the
cursor to the selection anchor.
Editing in ArcGIS 10
Editing Features
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Editing Existing Features
Feature Editing Editing Vertices
Double-click a feature with the
Edit Tool or click Edit Vertices
on the Editor Toolbar
to display sketch vertices
Use Edit Vertices mini toolbar
to Modify, Add, Delete a vertex,
or to Finish Sketch or
open Sketch Properties
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Feature Editing - Sketch Context Menu
Open by right-clicking a Sketch
Similar to 9.x
Can change segment type
Editing Existing Features
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Editing Existing Features
Feature Editing
Editor Toolbar Options
Edit Vertices
Reshape Feature
Cut Polygon
Split Line
Rotate
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Editing Existing Features
Feature Editing
Editor Menu Options
Move
Split splits line segments by distance,
percentage, number of parts
Clip uses a selected polygon
to clip out other features
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Editing Existing Features
Feature Editing
Advanced Editing Toolbar
Fillet
Trim & Extend
Line Intersection
Explode Multi-part Features Generalize & Smooth
Topology Toolbar
Split Polygons splits multiple polygons with a selected line
Requires ArcEditor
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Editing Existing Features
Feature Editing
Editing Toolbox new in 10; requires ArcEditor,
works on entire feature class, add to ArcToolbox
Densify adds vertexes to features
Erase Point erases points within or
outside of selected feature
Extend or Trim Line extends or trims
line features to another feature up to
a specified distance
Flip Line flips start point to end point
for lines
Generalize opposite of Densify
Snap snaps vertices in one layer to vertices, edges, or
endpoints of another layer. Works like a bulk snap.
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Snapping
How Snapping Works
Snaps for all features are active by default
Snap tips show which snap/feature will be used
Each snap type has unique icon
Cannot set snap priority for layer or type
Can turn snap types on/off
Can use classic snapping - Editor>Options
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Snapping
How Snapping Works Snapping Toolbar
Turn on Snapping Toolbar from Editor menu
Standard Snaps - Point, Endpoint, Vertex, Edge
Turn Snapping on/off
New Snaps - Intersection, Midpoint, Tangent
Snapping Options
Snapping tolerance is in
Pixels only, not Map Units
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Classic Snapping
Set snapping priority Layer at top of list has priority
Set snap type for each layer or for sketches.
Set Snap tolerance through Snapping>Options
Can be more useful in some cases
Turn classic snapping on in Editor>Options
Editing in ArcGIS 10
Snapping
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Editing Attributes
Attribute Editor
Similar to 9.x
Options for sorting fields, fields to display
Expand relationships for joins & relates
Select Layer name to edit all selected features
Select Feature to edit individual features
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Editing Attributes
Field Calculator
Similar to 9.x
Can use Python or VB Script
Editing in ArcGIS Advanced Editing Tools
Advanced Editing Toolbar
Topology Toolbar
Spatial Adjustment Toolbar
Working with ArcGIS
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Chapter 13: Editing Features in ArcGIS
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Conclusion
Editing Setup
Organize layers by setting symbology before starting to edit
Templates initially created based on symbology
If you change symbology, youll need to change templates
Consider using an Editing map separate from Display map
Turn off unneeded layers to keep Create Features dialog clean
Organize table fields before starting to edit
Turn off fields like Shape, Objectid, other unused fields
Editing in ArcGIS Editing keyboard shortcuts
Shortcuts common to all editing tools
Z Zoom In
X Zoom Out
C Pan
V Show vertices
Esc Cancel
Spacebar Suspend snapping
Edit tool
Shift Add to/remove from selection
Ctrl Move the selection anchor
N Next selected feature
Trace tool
Tab Trace the other side of an edge
O Open Trace Options dialog box
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Editing in ArcGIS 10
Conclusion
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Editing Basics and Setup
Editor Menu Options\Attributes
Automatically display the attributes dialog when editing
Tips and Tricks
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Editing Basics and Setup
Editor Menu Options\Units
Specifies Direction Types
and Units for entering Angles
Units for Distance can be changed
on-the-fly by using
abbreviations m, mi, ft, , etc.
Tips and Tricks
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Editing Basics and Setup
Editor Menu Edit Commands
Clip Works with one selected feature and cuts a hole in all
visible features; can be used as Auto Complete Polygon with
polygons in different layers. Works with Points and Polygons.
Tips and Tricks
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Editing Basics and Setup
Editor Task List - Auto Complete Polygon
Only works when completing to feature in the same layer
For the same effect in different layers, draw the new polygon overlapping an
existing polygon, then clip the new polygon with the existing polygon
Tips and Tricks
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Editing Basics and Setup
Working with Sketches - Sketch Tools
Midpoint tool
Trace
Type O to
open trace
options
Tips and Tricks
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Other Editing Toolbars
Advanced Toolbar
Extend\Trim extends\trims lines to selected feature
Tips and Tricks
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Other Editing Toolbars
Advanced Toolbar
Line Intersection creates an intersection in a line at actual or implied
intersection
Tips and Tricks
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Other Editing Toolbars
Spatial Adjustment Toolbar
Defines which data will be adjusted.
Controls how the adjustment methods will work, including adjustment area.
Provides tools for creating and managing displacement links
Sets parameters for attribute transfers
Tips and Tricks
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Other Editing Toolbars
Spatial Adjustment Toolbar - Rubbersheeting
- Adjustment is applied piecewise throughout the layer or selected features,
rather than equally to all features as in the transformation methods.
Features are stretched and straight lines are preserved
Features can be held in place with Identity Links
After adjustment, all displacement
links become Identity links.
Adjustment can be limited
to a specified area or
applied to the entire extents
Tips and Tricks
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Other Editing Toolbars
Spatial Adjustment Toolbar - Edge Snap\Edgematching
- uses Rubbersheeting methods to match features along edges of layers.
Match source layer to target layer or
match to midpoints of links
Match is based on displacement links that
can be added manually, from a file, or
automatically by drawing a window around
the features to be matched.
Edgematching can be enhanced by
specifying common attributes between
layers to use for matching
Tips and Tricks
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Other Editing Toolbars
Spatial Adjustment Toolbar - Attribute Transfer
Lets the user transfer attributes and geometry between features
Indicate source and target
layers or features
Attribute transfer can be
between features in the same
layer or in different layers.
Specify the fields to transfer
Fields can be mapped
between layers, as long as
the data type is the same
Tips and Tricks
Topology Toolbar and Map Topology
Map Topology - Limited topology created in ArcMap with ArcView or ArcEditor.
Works with Shapefiles as well as Geodatabase feature classes.
Cluster tolerance can be set.
Cannot use Geodatabase Topology Rules or set Ranks
Limited tools
ArcView Topology Edit Tool & Show Shared Features
ArcEditor Construct and Split Polygons
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Other Editing Toolbars
Tips and Tricks
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Other Editing Toolbars
Map Topology Editing Map Topology Geometry
Works with logical edges and logical nodes
Edges shared parts of coincident lines or polygon boundaries.
Nodes vertices at the end of an
edge or where features intersect.
Hold down the N key to select nodes; E to select edges.
Right-click on the edge and
select the appropriate options.
Tips and Tricks
Topology Edit Tasks tasks from the Editor Toolbar that work with map topology
Select shared features to edit with the Topology Edit tool
Reshape Edge use Sketch tool
to define how to reshape
Modify Edge use the Topology Edit or
normal Edit tool to move shared vertexes.
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Other Editing Toolbars
Tips and Tricks
Cogo Toolbar working with coordinate geometry in ArcMap
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Other Editing Toolbars
Tips and Tricks
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Magnify and Viewer Windows help see your edits
Magnifier Window
Viewer Window
Tips and Tricks
Integrate Tool Data Management>Feature Classes>Integrate
Works out of an edit session, no undo - so work on copy of data
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Bulk Editing
Tips and Tricks
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Field Calculator VB examples
Replace Search and Replace
Editing Attributes
Tips and Tricks
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Field Calculator VB examples
Split breaks a text string and selects part of the string
Editing Attributes
Tips and Tricks
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Field Calculator VB examples
Trim Remove leading spaces
Editing Attributes
Tips and Tricks
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Field Calculator VB examples
Compound Calculations\Converting numbers to string with &
Editing Attributes
Tips and Tricks
Editing in ArcGIS 10
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Conclusion
More Help
ESRI Help and Resource Center
ESRI web-based training
Free Editing Module
Editing Tips and Tricks PowerPoint at www.junipergis.com
Not updated for 10, but most information will be applicable
Covers a lot of the more obscure editing tools