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AP World History

Mr. Becker
Homework on Strayer, Chapter 22Rise and Fall of World Communism
Due Monday, April 29

Guiding Question: Compare the rise and fall of world communism in the 20
century using China and
Russia as examples. Points of comparison include: revolutionary struggles, efforts to build socialism in
agriculture and industry, impacts on women and society, use of terror, and demise of communism
Key Terms: Please work these into your notes
Russian Revolution of 1917, Bolsheviks, Lenin, Stalin, collectivization, Great Purges/terror, Gorbachev,
Guomindang, Mao, Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping,
When and where did communism exercise influence during the 20
o After world war I
o Korea, Soviet Union, China, Vietnam, Cuba, Afghanistan
What were the major differences between the Russian and Chinese revolutions?
o Russia:
o Took crops from peasants
o Made quota higher from propaganda to supply factory workers
o Sent people away or took their land to share
o Changed history to make Lenin look like a hero
o Gave women rights for education and health care
o State building such as electricity, railroads, oil
o Used terror and totalitarian methods to make people work
o Improved the military
o China:
o Used propaganda to inflate quota for farmers
AP World History
Mr. Becker
Homework on Strayer, Chapter 22Rise and Fall of World Communism
Due Monday, April 29

o Great Leap forward makes everyone share farms and work
o Everyone smelt their metals to form steel
o Peasant revolution, Mao makes himself look like he is fighting for the people
o Improved marriage rights for women
o Empowered military
o Cultural Revolution
What changes did communism bring to the lives of women?
o Marriage Law free choice of marriage
o Muslim women take of veils
o Make newspapers and magazines for women
o Run hospitals
o Enrolled women to factory and farming work force
o Became writers
How did collectivization of agriculture differ between the USSR and China?
o Russian soviets kicked out or killed rich peasants or anyone who would not give up their
o Both set a quota for the group of farmers to produce
o Mao persuaded peasants to give up their land
o Both used propaganda to make farmers produce more
o Famine occurred, many peasants died
o Mao made peasants create their own steel, but it turned out to be trash
What were the achievements of communist efforts at industrialization? What problems did
these achievements generate?
o They made factories
o Produced oil
o Generated electricity
o Upgraded their military
o Mined coal
o Had transportation such as railroads and boats
o Made telegraphs
o No commodities for peasants
o Didnt make luxuries such as cars
o Famine
o Only benefited state
Why did communist regimes generate terror and violence on such a massive scale?
o State always paranoid
o Exiled leaders who had been corrupted
AP World History
Mr. Becker
Homework on Strayer, Chapter 22Rise and Fall of World Communism
Due Monday, April 29

o Killed off lots of followers because of paranoia and fear of spies
o Used military to kill anyone who tried to revolt against them
In what different ways was the Cold War expressed?
o Vietnam and North Korea join Communist party
o America is angry
o Russia gets Afghanistan as an ally
o Cuba also join party
o America and Russia nearly battle for Cuba
o They reach an agreement not to use nuclear weapons
o Had satellites
o Nuclear warheads meant world destruction
What explains the rapid end of the communist era?
o First Mao dies, everyone abandons communism
o Second, Europeans fight off communism in East Europe
o Lastly, Russias political instability collapses
How did the end of communism in the Soviet Union differ from communisms demise in China?
o Chinese make economic reforms, no more collectivization
o Opened to world economy
o High mortality rate, growing economy
o Russian government tried to tackle economic problems
o Made a freedom policy, everyone went down
o Elite life exposed, crime exposed
o Religion permitted
o Made parliament and voting