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REPORT ON PLASTIC OIL

NAME ::
CHANDRANI DAS
ROLL :: 16
COLLEGE NAME :: ARKA IGNOU COMMUNITY COLLEGE


WHAT IS PLASTIC?

A plastic is any material that can be shaped or molded into any form -- some are naturally
occurring, but most are man-made.
Plastics are made from oil. Oil is a carbon-rich raw material, and plastics are large carbon-
containing compounds. They're large molecules called polymers, which are composed of
repeating units of shorter carbon-containing compounds called monomers.

BAD AFFECTS OF PLASTIC

Waste plastic problem is an ever-increasing menace for global environment. Plastics being non
bio degradable get accumulated in the environment. Waste Plastic materials are dumped for
land-filling and they become mummified after decades. It is worth mentioning that the plastic is
not a bio-degradable material hence this leads to the soil contamination and in long term serves
as a cause of severe environmental hazards such as degradation of soil fertility, pollution of
surface & subsoil water.

A Japanese company has created a machine that turns environmentally unfriendly plastic bags
into crude oil for fuel.
INNOVATIVE RECYCLING METHOD
Akinori Ito, CEO, Blest, a Japanese company has invented a safe
and user friendly machine to carry out this conversion. The
machine is effective in recycling different kinds of plastic into oil.
If we convert it into oil, we prohibit CO
2
production and at the
same time, increase people's awareness about the value of plastic
garbage".The United States Environmental Protection Agency says only
seven percent of plastic waste in the United States is recycled each year.
A new company in northern New York says it can increase that
percentage. It also says it can help the United States reduce the amount
of oil it imports.
The company has a machine it calls the plastic-eating monster. Every
hour, thousands of kilograms of milk jugs, water bottles, and grocery
bags are fed into the machine.






HOW TO TURN PLASTIC WASTE INTO OIL?

One kg plastic waste can produce 800 ml diesel
and 200 ml liquefied petroleum gas
The process is really simple; it is similar to how alcohol is made. If you heat plastic waste in non
oxygen environment, it will melt, but will not burn. After it has melted, it will start to boil and
evaporate, you just need to put those vapors through a cooling pipe and when cooled the vapors
will condense to a liquid and some of the vapors with shorter hydrocarbon lengths will remain
as a gas. The exit of the cooling pipe is then going through a bubbler containing water to
capture the last liquid forms of fuel and leave only gas that is then burned. If the cooling of the
cooling tube is sufficient, there will be no fuel in the bubbler, but if not, the water will capture all
the remaining fuel that will float above the water and can be poured off the water. On the
bottom of the cooling tube is a steel reservoir that collects all the liquid and it has a release
valve on the bottom so that the liquid fuel can be
poured out.

ADVANTAGES OF THESE OIL

Reduces pollution helps in waste plastic degradation.
Cheaper and quality fuel.
Perfect solution for waste plastic, rubber, tyre
management.
Raw material readily available.
TANK HOLDING CONVERTED OIL
We were given an experiment to compare the waste
plastic oil with Kerosene oil. Oil from waste plastic is
an innovation of MOONLIGHT ENGINEERING COMPANY from INDIA.
The oil is renewable & is environment friendly whereas burning of kerosene contributors to
greenhouse gas emission.






All of us carried out the experiment in the college
PLASTIC TO OIL CONVERSION MACHINE

SAMPLE SUPPLIED BY
Plastic Oil: From M/S Moonlight Engineering Co.
Kerosene: From Market

RESOURCES UTILIZED DURING THE EXPERIMENT

Utensil
Stove
110C Laboratory Thermometer with Stand
Stopwatch
2 lt Water
1 lt Plastic Oil
1 lt Kerosene

O. H. S
Students took all safety measures before starting the experiments. This includes
Wear hand gloves, goggles and tight dress
Keeping the floor dry.
Keeping B class fire extinguisher ready
One bucket of sand and one bucket of water
First aid kit

OBSERVATION
We observed that oil consumption during boiling of 1 lt water was same in case of both the oils.




COMPARISON BETWEEN PLASTIC OIL & KEROSENE

Sr. No. PROPERTIES PLASTIC OIL KEROSENE
1 Odor Petroleum Odor Petroleum Odor
2 Color Brown (Light) Clear (Light)
3 Density g/cm
3
at NTP 0.7846 0.78-0.81
4 Kinetic Viscosity (cSt) 2.149 2.71
5 Flash Point (C) 18 37 - 65
6 Calorific Value (KJ/Kg) 41,858 70,000
7 Acidity (mgKOH/g) 0.16 0.02
8 Pour Point (C) -4 <-50
9 Sulfur Content (% wt) <0.002 0.15
CONCLUSION

PLASTIC OIL KEROSENE
Calorific value Comparatively lower.
Comparatively much
higher.
Environmental Benefit No carbon emission Releases carbon emission
Energy Sources
Renewable
source
Non renewable
source
Character Flammable Combustible
Price
Rs. 25 (Manufacture
Price) Rs. 48 (Market Price)

According to me Plastic Oil is better than Kerosene as it is environment friendly
made up of plastic waste. Comparatively though its
combustible capacity is 41858 compared to Kerosene
which is 70000. Plastic waste is renewable and it is a
better waste minimization process. The oil is from a
renewable source. Secondly compared to the price also
Kerosene is Rs. 48 per liter and Plastic Oil is Rs. 25 per
liter. So even though it takes around 5 minutes more to
heat. We recommend and go for Plastic Oil as a better
substitute for Kerosene. It is new and has lots of scope for
improvisation. However, during production of RWPO
from plastic some
hazardous gas emits.

STUDENTS CARRYING OUT THE
EXPERIMENT