Sie sind auf Seite 1von 7

Electromagnetic device for capturing electrons from the ground to generate elect

ricity
WO 2013104042 A1
Abstract
The invention relates to an apparatus that includes at least one device for gene
rating an electromagnetic field (1) - powered by an electricity source - the coi
ls of which are surrounded by at least one single conductive element forming a c
losed circuit with itself (4), that is connected by induction to at least one co
nnecting conductive element (5), which is connected to a grounding mesh, said co
nnections causing, as a novel technical effect, the appearance of an electrical
current that circulates within the conductive element forming a closed circuit w
ith itself, to power external loads.
Description translated from Portuguese (Portugal)
Descriptive Report of Patent for "ELECTRON EQUIPMENT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC CAPTOR
LAND FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION ".
Technical Field
The present invention relates to an electromagnetic equipment for power generati
on and alternatively for thermal power generation. More specifically equipment c
apable of producing electricity and thermal energy from an abundant consumption
smallest electricity.
Description of the Related Art
According to Lenz's law, any induced current has a direction such that the magne
tic field it generates opposes the change in magnetic flux that produced it. Mat
hematically, Lenz's Law is expressed by the negative sign (-) that appears in th
e formula of Faraday's Law, as follows.
The magnitude of the induced emf (?) in a conducting loop is equal to the rate o
f change of magnetic flux (? ?) with time:
d <P B
? = ~ ~ d *-t. Equation 1
As an example of application of Faraday's Law, we can calculate the electromotiv
e force induced in a rectangular loop that moves in or out, with constant speed,
a region of uniform magnetic field. The magnetic field flux through the surface
limited by the loop is given by:
Equation = 2 & XLB and its variation in time is:
Figure imgf000003_0001
Thus Equation 3:
Rf = VLB Equation 4, and if the loop has a resistance), the current is induced.
? VLB
RR. Equation 5
A conductor traversed by an electric current immersed in a magnetic field underg
oes the action of a force given by:
F = B Equation 6 x IL Thus, the effect of the current induced in the loop appear
forces Ff, and F-FM. The first two cancel each other and the third is canceled
by an external force P EXT needed to maintain constant speed loop.
As the force FM to oppose the force FEXT, current (i) induced in the loop by var
ying the magnetic flux must have the meaning indicated in figure 3. This fact is
a particular example of Lenz's Law.
Considering the experimental activities discussed with Faraday's law, when a mag
net is approximately one coil, the induced current in the loop has a direction a
s shown in Figure 1. This generates a magnetic field whose north pole is facing
the north pole of the magnet. The two poles repel, or the field generated by the
induced current opposes the approach movement of the magnet.
When the magnet is removed from the coil, the induced current in the loop has an
opposite direction to that shown in Figure 1, thereby generating a magnetic fie
ld whose south pole is facing the north pole of the magnet. The two poles attrac
t each other, ie, the field generated by the induced current opposes the movemen
t away from the magnet. This behavior present in the current and power generator
s known as engine brake is highly undesirable to increase the resistance and con
sequently increase the energy loss.
When two electromagnetic coils are placed facing each other, as shown in Figure
2, there is no current in any one of them. At the instant when a power switch of
one of the coils keep it closed, there is a corresponding current in the coil,
generating an induced current in the second coil. When you close the switch, the
corresponding coil current goes from zero to a certain maximum value, thereafte
r remains constant.
Thus, when the current is changing, the magnetic field generated by it, whose no
rth pole facing the second coil is also changing and so is the magnetic flux of
this field through the second coil. Then there is a current induced in the secon
d coil whose sense is such that the magnetic field it generates tends to decreas
e the flow mentioned above, ie, it has the north pole confronting north pole of
the first field coil.
When the power switch is open, the current in the first coil will your given max
imum value to zero, the corresponding field decreases. The flux of the magnetic
field in the second coil also decreases, so that the induced current is now an o
pposite direction. This direction is such that the field causes the induced curr
ent is added to that, that is, has a south pole faced the north pole of that fie
ld
Thus, there is a realization of the principle of conservation of energy, express
ed in Lenz's law, wherein any induced current has an effect which opposes the ca
use that produced it.
Assuming that the induced current acts to favor the variation of the magnetic fl
ux that produced the magnetic field of the coil would have a south pole confront
ing north pole of the magnet approaches, causing the magnet to be attracted towa
rds the coil.
If the magnet was then released, would suffer an acceleration toward the coil, i
ncreasing the intensity of the induced current to thus generate a field growing.
This field, in turn, would attract the magnet with a force increasing, and so f
orth, with a continuing increase in kinetic energy of the magnet.
If it was withdrawing energy magnet-coil system at the same rate at which the ki
netic energy of the magnet increases, there would be an endless supply of energy
. So it would be a motor-perpetual, which would violate the principle of conserv
ation of energy. Therefore, it can be concluded that current generators feature
a large energy loss in electricity generation.
Obietivos the Invention
The present invention aims to contribute to the generation of sustainable energy
, proposing an electromagnetic machine capable of producing abundant electricity
from a negligible power consumption.
The above objective and other objectives are achieved by the present invention b
y a device comprising at least one electromagnetic field generating device - wit
hout a core or at least a core - powered by an electric power source - without a
core or at least one core - having their extension or their cores, preferably t
heir coils or sets of coils, wrapped by at least one common conductive member in
a closed circuit in itself polarized voltage which is connected to the inductio
n at least one conductive interconnection element, which is connected to a groun
ding grid, causing these interconnections, as new technical effect, the appearan
ce of an electric current that keeps flowing in the conductive loop closed on it
self, for powering loads external.
The device object of the present invention operates as follows: the electromagne
tic field generating device to be powered by a power source, produces an electro
magnetic field that induces an electric current in the conductive circuit closed
in on itself, creating an interaction one between the magnetic poles of the equ
ipment and the magnetic poles of the earth, going to be - through electromagneti
c attraction and repulsion - An endless supply of electrons from the earth to th
e conductive closed loop itself, which is connected to a grounding grid through
the conductive interconnect. Attracted electrons are added to this current flowi
ng in the conductive closed loop itself, where power is available for powering l
oads of high power, although the device object of the present invention is suppl
ied with a small power. Thus, advantageously, the device object of the present i
nvention discloses a trap electrons from the earth to generate electricity.
Advantageously, the present electromagnetic equipment generate electricity or th
ermal energy provides access to this new source of energy through an electromagn
etic field.
Advantageously, the interconnections of the components of the electron captor ob
ject of the present invention cause, as new technical effect, the appearance of
an electric current that keeps circling with or without tension in the conductiv
e element in a closed circuit in itself, even without a load consumer connected
to it while the sensor is connected.
Advantageously, the proposed sensor can also be used for the generation of therm
al energy depending on the form is to be used the effect of the electric current
flow produced in this electromagnetic equipment.
For the generation of thermal energy in amounts proportional to the power of the
sensor through the movement of electrons in the conductive closed loop itself,
the resistance should be increased by increasing the amount of turns that the co
nductive element in a closed circuit in itself gives around the cores, or any ex
tension of them, preferably the coils or sets of coils of the electromagnetic fi
eld generating device, and is made of a heat-insulating protection of electrical
circuit components, according to the temperature to be achieved. The thermal en
ergy generated by the transducer can be used in any application from domestic to
industrial applications.
This technology can also be used in various technical purposes in electric machi
nes. For "electrical machinery", it should be understood static electrical machi
nes, transformers, reactors, rotating electrical machines, synchronous machines,
machines dual power supply, rectifier current cascaded synchronous machines pol
o external flow machines synchronous current machines alternating or direct curr
ent machines, electronic equipment and electrical resistances. The captors of el
ectrons can be either single-phase, two-phase or three-phase, low, medium or hig
h voltage.
Uptake by induction does not impact the environment. The fact that we use as a f
orce to capture, only electricity, resulting in a negligible consumption relativ
e to current generated and captured by the sensor. The relationship between cons
umption and generation of electricity in the sensor is at least 1 per 100, ie, f
or each 1Watt consumption of sensor, you get at least 100 watts of power to exte
rnal loads. The relationship, however, is not limited, as it depends on the moun
ting of the sensor and its objectives, the generation can be greater than 100 ti
mes the consumption.
Another advantage of trap electrons land proposed in the present invention is th
at the sensor can transport electrons from point "A" to point "B" without voltag
e drop across the conductive element in a closed circuit in itself - if it is bi
ased with a voltage - regardless of the distance between the points depending on
the strength and quantity of the electromagnetic field generating devices in th
e same phase. It is also possible to transport electrons when the conductive ele
ment in a closed circuit in itself is not polarized. Thus, the electric current
is transported without tension, just across the magnetic field formed between th
e device (s) (s) generator (s) of the electromagnetic field.
Brief description of the drawings
The present invention will be hereinafter described with the aid of drawings, bu
t which are not absolutely limiting where it can be observed other details and a
dvantages of the present invention.
The figures show:
Figure 1 - a representation of Faraday's Law.
Figure 2 - a representation of Faraday's Law.
Figure 3 - a representation of Faraday's Law.
Figure 4 - is a perspective view of an electron trap with a single phase coil.
Figure 5 - is a perspective view of a transducer with two electron-phase coils.
Figure 6 - a representation of the effect of electromagnetic flux in the coils a
round the coil cores of the transducer of electrons.
Figure 7 - a representation of an electrical circuit with two coils of the link
/ coil conductor polarized.
Figure 8 - a representation of an electrical circuit with two coils of the link
/ coil driver unpolarized.
Detailed Description of the Drawings
Figure 4 shows one of several types of electron sensor proposed by the present i
nvention, wherein the sensor is phase and comprising at least one electromagneti
c field generating device with at least one set of coil (s), in this case a coil
electromagnetic type with column 1, but may also be used reels of any kind and
shape. However, the electron sensor proposed by the present invention can be con
structed with another type of electromagnetic field generating device, as at lea
st one electromagnetic inductor or magnet of any type and shape, with any combin
ation of them, and in unlimited quantities in each phase of the electron captor.
Wrapping the turns of the coil 1, at least one conductive element even in closed
circuit 4 itself, forming at least one link (s) / loop (s) lead (s) 4 - may hav
e other shapes - making at least one back around the turns of the coil 1, prefer
ably two turns if the goal is to generate electricity, and preferably four laps
if the goal is thermal energy. Either this winding, as the number of turns of th
e coils around the coil 1 are directly related to the amount of current to be ge
nerated in the (s) link (s) / loop (s) driver (s) 4.
At least one conductive interconnection element, in this case one driving member
5 - which can be copper or any other suitable conductive, with or without isola
tion - interconnects (s) link (s) / loop (s) conductor (s) 4 to the ground grid.
The connection between the conductor 5 and the member (s) link (s) / loop (s) d
river (s) 4 is carried by electromagnetic induction. The bond (s) / loop (s) lea
d (s) 4 is also the power supply of the loads to be powered by the electron sens
or.
It is observed also in Figure 4, the power wires 3.1 and 3.2 - phase or neutral
- that are input from external power coil 1. The power coil 1 can be provided fr
om any source of supply of electricity with electromagnetic potential as a power
grid. The trap electrons can be built to current configuration or setup for alt
ernating current. Thus, if the power source is alternating electrical current -
AC, the sensor provides alternating electrical current - CA. If the power source
is in continuous electrical current - DC, the sensor provides continuous electr
ical current - DC. The trap electrons land can be single phase, two phase or thr
ee phase, low, medium or high voltage.
Figure 5 shows a sensor with more than one phase coil 1 and 2, in this case with
two coils 1 and 2 with type column, but may also be used coils 1 and 2 of any t
ype and shape. However, the electron sensor proposed by the present invention ca
n be constructed with another type of electromagnetic field generating device, a
s at least one electromagnetic inductor or electromagnet, of any type and shape,
with any combination of them, and in unlimited quantities in each phase of elec
tron captor.
Involving the turns of the coils 1 and 2 for at least one conductive element eve
n in closed loop 4 itself, forming at least one link (s) / loop (s) driver (s) 4
- may have other shapes - making at least a turn around the coil turns 1 and 2.
Either this winding, as the number of turns of the coils around the coil (s) ar
e directly related to the amount of current to be generated in the (s) link (s)
/ loop (s) driver (s) 4. The coil also makes the interconnection between the coi
ls 1 and 2 forming the link / coil conductor 4 between the cores of the two coil
s 1 and 2.
In interconnecting the equipment with the grounding grid should have at least on
e conductive interconnection element, in this case one driving member 5 - which
can be copper or any other suitable conductive, with or without isolation - inte
rconnects (s ) link (s) / loop (s) driver (s) 4 to the ground grid connection be
tween the conductive member 5 and (s) link (s) / loop (s) drivers) 4 is made by
electromagnetic induction.
The bond (s) / loop (s) lead (s) 4 is also the power supply of the loads to be p
owered by the electron sensor. It is observed also in Figure 4, the power wires
3.1 and 3.2 - phase or neutral - that are input from external power coils 1, 2
In captors with numerous coils 1 and 2 ends of the supply conductors 3.1 can be
connected to each other. Can also be connected together the ends of the supply c
onductors 3.2. Thus, all coils 1 and 2 can be fed the same voltage. The power of
the coils 1 and 2 can be provided from any source of supply of electricity with
electromagnetic potential as a power grid.
In these sensors with numerous coils 1 and 2, a single bond (s) / loop (s) drive
r (s) 4 flows the core of all the coils 1 and 2.
In Figure 6, a diagram shows the induction around the core 6 "X" of the coil 1.
With the induction occurs electrical current flow in link 7/4 coil driver, attra
cting electrons from the earth, through the conductive member 5 to the magnetic
field of the sensor, where electrons are added to the current generated by induc
tion on the link / 4 conductor loop circulating between north and south magnetic
poles.
Figure 7 shows how connections are to be made of one of the electrical circuits
of the electron sensor proposed in this invention. Diagram is shown in a circuit
of a trap electrons with the link / coil driver 4 polarized tension. This is on
e form of construction of the electron sensor with two reels 1 and 2, where a li
nk / 4 loop conductor is biased with a voltage, namely that there is a link conn
ecting conductor / conductor coil conductors 4 of a power supply 3.1 or 3.2, wha
tever the stage.
Thus, electron earth sensors adopting this circuit, ie, the link / 4 loop conduc
tor polarized voltage coils 1 and 2, besides being used as a power source extern
al loads, can also be used for thermal power generation.
Figure 8 shows how connections must be made to another electric circuit electron
sensor proposed in this invention. Circuit is shown in a circuit of a trap elec
trons with the link / coil driver with 4 non-polarized tension. This is one form
of construction of the trap electrons, where a link / 4 of the spiral conductor
coils 1 and 2 is not polarized, ie there is no such link connecting conductor /
conductor coil conductors 4 of a power 3.1 or 3.2.
Thus, electron earth sensors adopting this circuit, ie with the binding unpolari
zed, the current moves around without tension in the link / four coil conductor
joining the first and second coils by electromagnetic induction. They can also b
e used for generating thermal energy.
The structure of the circuit - in the open or closed (s) coil (s) 1 and 2, and a
lways in the closed (s) link (s) / loop (s) lead (s) 4 - makes it possible to ge
nerate power by and attracting electrons induced by the EM (s) link (s) / loop (
s) conductor 4 - where power is generated and stays in motion with or without te
nsion, as the coils 1 and 2 are being fed that is, while its circuit is closed.
Thus, the present invention provides a new concept for power generation, since i
t is obtained without an electric current flowing in the intake 7 (s) link (s) /
loop (s) the fourth conductive even without a load attached consumption to it.
Additionally, because the electrical current induced by getting 7, regardless of
the voltage on (s) link (s) / loop (s) driver (s) 4 of the sensor proposed by t
he present invention, it can be used as a current stabilizer electrical networks
in single-phase, two-phase or three-phase, low, medium or high voltage.
Although the present invention has been described with reference to preferred em
bodiment and practical application thereof, it is apparent to those skilled in t
he art that a variety of types, formats, templates, gender, modifications and ch
anges that may be made or used without departing from the scope of the invention
which is intended to be defined by the appended claims.
It will be understood that each of the elements described above, or two or more
together may also find a useful application in other types of equipment and effe
cts that differ from the type described above.
Claims translated from Portuguese (Portugal)
CLAIMS
1. Equipment electromagnetic trap electrons from the earth to generate elect
ricity, comprising at least one electromagnetic field generating device (1), pow
ered by an electric power source, and their nuclei or any extension of them pref
erably their turns or sets of coils, wrapped by at least one common conductive m
ember in a closed circuit itself (4) which is connected by at least one inductio
n conductor interconnection element (5) which is connected to a grounding grid,
these interconnections that cause the appearance of an electric current that kee
ps flowing, with or without tension in the closed loop conductive element itself
(4), which is the point of connection of external loads, regardless of whether
or not a connected consumer load to it.
2. Electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized by the fact t
hat the electromagnetic field generating device (1) has at least one core.
3. Electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized by the fact t
hat the electromagnetic field generating device (1) is devoid of core
4. Electromagnetic machine according to claim
1, characterized in that the conductive closed loop itself (4) is biased wit
h a voltage.
5. Electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the c
onductive loop closed on itself (4) is devoid of bias voltage for generating the
rmal energy.
6. Electromagnetic machine according to claims 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, characteriz
ed by the fact that the electromagnetic field generating device (1) is provided
with effective thermal insulation for generating thermal energy.
7. Electromagnetic machine according to claims 1, 4, 5 and 6, characterized
in that the conductive loop closed on itself (4) engages with a greater number o
f turns extending cores or any of them, preferably the coils or sets of coils of
all devices generating electromagnetic field (1), to offer greater resistance t
o the passage of electric current to generate thermal energy.
8. Electromagnetic equipment according to claim 1, characterized in that it
is configured for use with direct current - DC.
9. Electromagnetic equipment according to claim 1, characterized in that it
is configured for use with AC - CA.
10. Electromagnetic equipment according to claim 1 or 9, characterized in th
at it is configured for use in electrical networks of low, medium and high volta
ges.
11. Electromagnetic machine according any one of claims 1, 6 or 10, characte
rized by the fact that it is configured for use on electrical monophasic, biphas
ic, triphasic or at any power.