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Academic year 2012-13

CAD/CAM
Part A (Unit wise - Assignment Questions)
U!" - !
1. Explain the factors, which inhibit the use of a very high resolution and a large number of
colours for display in the case of raster scanning display devices?
2. i Give the general configuration of a C! computer system.
ii "n what ways C! can help manufacturing activity? !iscuss.
# C! helps in integrating C$% &ustify this statement.
'. i. (ow do you specify a plotter for graphics application?
ii. Explain the four types of production.
). *riefly describe the types of storage devices used in computers.
+. i. "n design, what do you understand by synthesis and engineering analysis?
ii. Explain how C! helps to synthesi,e a product design and do engineering analysis for
getting optimal design.
-. *riefly explain the conventional process of the product cycle in the conventional
manufacturing environment.
.. i. /hat is the structure of a computing system?
ii. /hat do you understand by the C01?
2. i. 3ist the advantages of computer aided design.
ii. *ring out clearly the difficulties a design engineer has to face at each of the design stages if
they are carried out manually.
14. i. (ow does a C56 wor7?
ii. /hat are the capabilities and limitations of directed beam refresh graphics terminal?
iii. /rite briefly on the secondary storage devices used in C! 8ystem.
11.. i. /hat are the functions of an interactive graphic design wor7station?
ii. Explain with the help of a neat s7etch, how an image is generated on a computer terminal.
12. i. Elaborate on the basic re9uirements that a C! software has to satisfy.
ii. !escribe the various database models which are generally used.
1#. /rite short notes on the following
i. 5andom scan graphic terminal
ii. !igiti,ers and "mage scanners
iii. C01
1'. i. /hat are the reasons for implementing a computer aided design system.
ii. /ith the help of a bloc7 diagram, explain the computer aided design process.
1) i. Explain how an image is generated and maintained in a direct beam refresh terminal.
ii. /hat is a digiti,er? Explain how it can be used for transferring paper drawing to C!
system.
U!" - !!
1. scaling factor of 2 is applied in the : direction while no scaling is applied in the ; direction
to the line whose two end points are at coordinates <1, #= and <#,+=. 6he line is to be rotated
subse9uently through #44, in the counter cloc7wise direction. !etermine the necessary
transformation matrix for the operation and the new coordinates of the end points.
2. 6he vertices of a triangle are situated at points <1), #4=, <2), #)= and <), ')=. >ind the
coordinates of the vertices if the triangle is first rotated 144 counter cloc7wise direction about the
origin and then scaled to twice its si,e
#. Explain the details of polygon clipping. Give its advantages compared to the line clipping.
'.. /hat is the need for concatenation of transformations? Explain what care should be ta7en in
such cases.
). Explain the method of bac7 face removal. Give its advantages and limitations with reference
to hidden line removal.
+. Explain the concept of obtaining a reflection about an arbitrary line starting from the plain
reflection about an axis. (ow do you obtain the orthographic pro?ections of #! geometric data
base?
-. /hat is meant by "nteractive Computer Graphics? Explain its various elements.
. !escribe the various database models which are generally used.
2. /hat are the different 5adius graphic display devices? Explain?
14. 3ist at different problems associated with raster graphic display device.
11. /hat are normali,ed device co%ordinaters?
12. /hat is display file? Explain the stricture of display file?
1#. /hat is transformation? (ow many types for transformations are there to change the
geometry?
1'. /hat is a pro?ection? Explain different types of pro?ections?
1). /hat is clipping? Explain with the help of a diagram.
1+. Explain Cohen%8utherland algorithm for for clipping of lines
1-. /rite down the different techni9ues for the hidden surface removal. Explain?
U!" - !!!
1. 8pecify the three principal classifications of the geometric modeling systems and write in brief
about each of them.
2. >or a cubic *e,ier curve, carry a similar matrix formulation to a cubic spline.
#. Given a point @ and a parametric curve in the Cartesian space, find the closest point 0 on the
curve to @. (intA >ind 0 such that <@ % 0= is perpendicular to the tangent vector.
'. i. !erive the cubic spline e9uations.
ii Explain the engineering application of cubic splines.
). !erive the condition for C
4
and C
1
continuity in a cubic *e,ier composite surface of two
patches.
-. /hat are the types of surfaces that C!BC$ systems use?
.. /hat do you understand by the form element method of geometric construction? 8pecify the
applications of this method of modeling in comparison to that of the variant type.
2. /hat are the limitations in utili,ing the sweep method for geometric construction?
14 i. !istinguish between interpolation and approximation approaches used in design of curves.
ii. Explain the basic curve fitting techni9ues.
11. i. /rite on the importance of studying geometric modeling in C!.
ii. /hat are entities? Explain the methods of defining lines, arcs and Circles in wire frame
modeling?
12 !escribe with the help of neat s7etches the ma?or surface entities provided by C!BC$
systems .

1#. i. (ow do you ensure convex hull property in *e,ier surface?
ii. !escribe the effect of characteristic polyhedron over the resulting *e,ier surface.
1'. /hat do you mean by blending function? Explain reparametrisation of a surface.
1). /rite a note onA
i. C15*8
ii. *%splines.
1+. !iscuss the modeling guidelines to be followed by the user while constructing a surface
model as a C!BC$ system.
1-. !ifferentiate between *e,ier and *% spline surface with reference to number of control
points, order of continuity and surface normal.
1.. i. Explain how a *e,ier curve is defined.
ii. /hat are the advantages of *e,ier curves over cubic spline.
12. Explain how the curves are represented in
i. Generic form
ii. 0arametric form.
U!" - !#
1. >ind all the layer%related commands on your system, specifically how to selectBdeselect layers,
assign entities to layers, assign layers to entities, assign colors to layers, modify layer colors and
modify layers of existing entities.
2. /hat are the basic Geometric commands in utoC!?
#. Give an example of how the centrali,ed integrated database concept can help with the what%if
situations that arise during the design process.
'. i. !escribe various commonly used primitives for solid modeling and explain the *oolean
operations.
ii. !escribe the properties that a solid model should capture mathematically.
). i. !evelop an algorithm that can enable the user to create and manipulate boundary model by
using set operations.
ii. Create the boundary model of the solid fillet.
+. "t is desired to develop bounded primitives for a two% dimensional solid modeler based on the
C8G scheme. 0late <rectangular plate and triangle plate= and disc primitives are to be developed.
>ind the mathematical definitions of these primitives.
-. !escribe the various methods and operations re9uired in each approach for the Connecting
rod.
. /hat do you mean by geometric modeling? Enumerate various solid%modeling techni9ues and
compare them.
2. (ow do you represent a brac7et with various primitives and sweep operations. 87etch with
appropriate dimensions and explain the limitation.