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PHILIPPINE REPORTS ANNOTATED


United States vs. Rastrollo
[No. 202. September 21 1901.]
THE UNITED STATES, complainant and appellee, vs. CARLOS RASTROLLO, defendant and appellant.
1.CRIMINAL LAW; ESTAFA.The misappropriation of the proceeds of the sale of attached property, sold
by consent, by the depositary, constitutes malversation under sections 395, 390, and 392 of the Penal
Code, and not embezzlement (estafa).
2.ID.; MALVERSATION OF FUNDS.Mere delay in depositing the proceeds of the sale of attached
property without affirmative proof of misappropriation or misapplication thereof does not constitute a
crime.
APPEAL from a judgment of the Court of First Instance. of Manila, condemning the accused to two
months and one day of arresto mayor.

The facts appear in the opinion of the court.
Vicente Gonzalez Azaola, for appellant.
Assistant Attorney-General Constantino, for appellee.
TORRES, J.:

In civil proceedings instituted to obtain a preventive attachment to secure a debt contracted by Carlos
Rastrollo in favor of D. Emeterio Ruiz, 1,121 feet of hose, among other property belonging to said
Rastrollo, was attached at the instance of Attorney Florencio Gonzalez on behalf of Don Gerardo Urbina.
The attached property remained
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VOL. 1, SEPTEMBER 21, 1901
23
United States vs. Rastrollo
in the possession of the debtor, Rastrollo, who, with. the consent of the attorney for the plaintiff, sold
the same to the Manila Fire Department. Rastrollo failed to deliver the proceeds of the sale, which took
place late in March of this year, to the attorney for the plaintiff, and only deposited the same in the
court on the 4th day of June of this year, the day following the filing of the complaint charging him with
the crime of embezzlement (estafa).
If the acts of which the accused is charged constitute any crime whatever it would be that of
malversation of property attached by judical orderthe crime defined and punished in article 395 in
connection with articles 390 and 392 of the Penal Code. The act could not be regarded as constituting
estafa under paragraph 5 of article 535 of the Code, because the property alleged to have been
misapplied was not the subject of a mere private bailment but of a judicial deposit. This gives the
depositary a character equivalent to that of a public official, and a breach of his obligation is similar to
the violation of the obligations imposed by public office.
However, as the accused, Rastrollo, in selling the said hose, acted with the knowledge and consent of
the attorney for his creditor, since it is proved that the said attorney agreed with the depositary that the
proceeds of the sale should be delivered to him, and inasmuch as there is no proof, on the other hand,
that the depositary, Rastrollo, appropriated or applied the proceeds of the sale of the hose to his own
use or that of others, but has deposited the same in court, although somewhat tardily, it is evident that
the defendant has contracted no criminal liability. His act does not include all of the elements which
constitute the crime of malversation, or of any other crime, and the irregularity noted in his conduct is
chargeable to the attorney for the creditor who might have been prejudiced thereby.
In view of the foregoing considerations, which are completely in accord with the penal law and the
conclusions and merits of the case, the accused, Don Carlos Rastrollo, should be acquitted and the
judgment appealed from re-
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PHILIPPINE REPORTS ANNOTATED
Robles vs. Sanz
versed with costs in both instances de oficio. It is so ordered.
Arellano, C. J., Cooper, Willard, Mapa, and Ladd, JJ., concur.
Defendant acquitted [United States vs. Rastrollo, 1 Phil., 22(1901)]