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[Humazah is one who defames men, or speaks evil of men, or backbites them-a

backbiter; a scandal-monger.
A scandal-monger habitually blames, upbraids, reproaches, finds faults with and
attacks the honour and character of others with evil motives. Piling up wealth, by not
spending it in the service of those who need it, is another vice condemned in this surah.
The miser imagines that his wealth can prolong his life or protect him from
punishment. The slanderer, the backbiter and the hoarder will be thrown into hutamah.
Hutamah is that which smashes and breaks to pieces. It is a vehement fire that destroys
everything that is cast into it. It is the fire of the wrath of ALLAH, kindled by Him,
therefore shall not be extinguished by anyone or anything. The fire will not only scorch
the body but also destroy the soul. It will cover them all over.
Imam Ali ibne Abi Talib said:
"What you bring forth will go into dust; what you hoard will be left
behind. What you build will be leveled to the ground in time; but what you do is
recorded, and increases (as an asset) for the day of final requital. ]


QURAN
TRANSLITERATION
WITH
ORIGINAL ARABIC TEXT
ENGLISH TRANSLATION
COMMENTARY






HUMAZAH
SURAH [104] the SCANDAL-MONGER






PRESENTED BY:
MOHAMAD HANIM MOHAMAD ISA







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Waylul-likulli Humazatil-lumazah,
104:1] Woe to every slanderer, defamer,
Humazah is one who defames men, or speaks evil of men, or backbites them-a backbiter; a scandal-monger.
A scandal-monger habitually blames, upbraids, reproaches, finds faults with and attacks the honour and character of others with evil motives. Piling up
wealth, by not spending it in the service of those who need it, is another vice condemned in this surah. The miser imagines that his wealth can prolong his life or
protect him from punishment. The slanderer, the backbiter and the hoarder will be thrown into hutamah. Hutamah is that which smashes and breaks to pieces.
It is a vehement fire that destroys everything that is cast into it. It is the fire of the wrath of ALLAH, kindled by Him, therefore shall not be extinguished by anyone
or anything. The fire will not only scorch the body but also destroy the soul. It will cover them all over.
Imam Ali ibne Abi Talib said:
"What you bring forth will go into dust; what you hoard will be left behind. What you build will be leveled to the ground in time; but what you
do is recorded, and increases (as an asset) for the day of final requital."
Though the application of three verses is universal, they were revealed to curse and condemn Akhans bin Saqfi, Umayya bin Khalaf and Walid bin
Mughayra (Qalam 68:8 to 13 and 16 and Muddaththir 74:11 to 26) who were actively busy with the character assassination of the HOLY PROPHET (SAWW).


Allazee jama-a maalan-wa addadah,
104:2] Who amasses wealth and considers it
a provision (against mishap);
(see commentary for verse 1)


Yahsabu anna maalahouu akhladah.
104:3] He thinks that his wealth will make
him immortal.
The question here is a warning to the one who avariciously piles up wealth that whatever amount of it, one might posses, it shall go, and shall not remain
with him forever, for he has to pass away from empty-handed as a destitute. HENCE, if anyone thinks that his wealth will abide with him forever, he is fooled by
his imagination for it is a matter of certainty that it is only a passing show, with a great many commitments with it, in its disposal, why should man toil more than
what he must reasonably do and why should he be proud of a thing which is of only a temporary value and of no permanent worth or use to him. And if he
acquires it even by the right means, he is accountable to the Lord about its proper disbursement and disposal and if he acquires it by any foul means, he is to
be surely punished for it.
The first Holy Imam Ali ibne Abi Talib says
What ye bring forth (the children) is for dust --- (to die and get buried). What ye amass (i.e., wealth) is to be left behind. What ye construct
(buildings) is to be demolished by time. BUT what ye act (the deeds) is to be recorded and pled up for the day of the Final Requital.


Kallaa la-yumbazanna fil-Hutamah.
104:4] Nay! he shall most certainly be hurled
into the crushing disaster,
The root of Hutama is Hatima, i.e., getting rendered or broken into pieces, i.e., it will be crushed, destroyed and thrown into Hell before the eyes of those who
spent their lives in amassing it and prided over it and got intoxicated of it, thinking it to be of a permanent value to them --- deprived the others of their share,
did not spend of it for the benefit of the others who suffered miserably for want of something of it. BESIDES they had been so much maddened by the acquisition
of their wealth they had forgotten ALLAH who had allowed them to have it, and thought themselves totally independent of Him and acted as their devilish
passions dictated to them, never cared for the limits prescribed by the Lord.
Hutama that which will break or destroy it, is the Hell-fire.


Wa maaa adraaka mal-Hutamah?
104:5] And what will make you realize what
the crushing disaster is?
The question put in this verse about Hutama means to signify that man in this life, not having seen anything like it, cannot visualize or understand what
Hutama would actually be.


Naaru-LLaahi-mou-qadah,
104:6] It is the fire kindled by Allah,
FOR VERSES 6 & 7. The fire which will not be restricted to effect only the outer body of the individual but penetrating to the innermost parts of the individuals
existence as well as cover the whole of him, enveloping him in huge columns from all sides. It will be a fire kindled by ALLAH Whose existence was disbelieved
and Whose authority was rejected and disobeyed.


Allatee tatali-u alal-af-idah:
104:7] Which rises above the hearts.
(see commentary of verse 6)


Innahaa alayhim-mu-sadah,
104:8] Surely it shall be closed over upon
them,
FOR VERSES 8 & 9. It will cover the individual, all around him, i.e., the punishment will be to every part of the individual, outer or the innermost, which will be
drowned in the fire, and the columns of the fire will be rising even high above him.


Fee amadi-mumaddadah.
104:9] In extended columns.
(see commentary of verse 6)