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Types of Words

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word. Some common abbreviations are: St.
(street), Ave. (avenue), km (kilometer), and UK (United Kingdom).
An acronym is a pronounceable word that is formed using the first letters in a phrase
(sometimes other parts of the words are used). Some acronyms are: RAM (which is
short for "Random Access Memory") and NIMBY (which is short for "Not In My
Alliteration is the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words. "Slithering snake"
is an alliteration because both words start with the "s" sound. "Notable knight" is an
alliteration because both words start with the "n" sound (even though they start
with different letters).
An adjective is a word that describes something (a noun). Some adjectives are: big,
cold, blue, and silly.
An adverb is a word that tells "how," "when," "where," or "how much". Some
adverbs are: easily, warmly, quickly, mainly, freely, often, and unfortunately.
An anagram is a word or phrase that is made by rearranging the letters of another
Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Some antonyms include:
happy/sad, big/small, up/down, stop/go, wet/dry, long/short, loose/tight.rd. For
example, spot is an anagram of post.
An article is a word that introduces a noun and also limits or clarifies it. In English,

compound word
A compound word is a word made from two or more other words. For example, the
word teapot is made from the words tea and pot.e indefinite articles are: a and an;
the definite article is the.
A contraction is a word in which some letters have been omitted; the omitted letters
are indicated by an apostrophe. For example, "do not" can be written as the
contraction "don't" and "I would" can be written as the contraction "I'd."
A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, clauses or sentences. Some
conjunctions are: and, as, because, but, or, since, so, until, and while.
Homophones are words that sound like one another but have different meanings,
like flower and flour.
An interjection is a word that expresses emotion. An interjection often starts a
sentence but it can be contained within the sentence or can stand alone. Some
A metaphor is a way of describing something by equating it with something else. For
example, "Anne is the apple of my eye."interjections are oh, wow, ugh, huh, hurray,
eh, and ah.
A noun is a type of word that represents a person, thing, or place.
Opposites are things that are very, very different from each other. Some examples of
opposites are: left and right, big and small, up and down, tall and short.
A palindrome is a word, phrase or number that reads the same forward and
backward. Some palindromes are: the name Bob, the number 101, and the phrase,
"Madam, I'm Adam."
A paragraph is one or more sentences that cover a single topic. The symbol for
paragraph is .
A preposition is a word that shows the spatial (space), temporal (time), or logical
relationship of its object to the rest of the sentence. The words above, near, at, by,
after, with and from are prepositions.
A pronoun is a substitute for a noun. Some pronouns include: I, me, she, her, he,
him, it, you, they, them, etc.
proper noun
A proper noun denotes a specific person, place, or thing that has a name and is
A proverb is a short saying that tells a commonly-known truth. pitalized (like Tom,
Delaware, or the Titanic).
punctuation mark
Punctuation marks are symbols that are used in sentences and phrases to make the
meaning clearer. Some punctuation marks are the period (.), comma (,), question
mark (?), exclamation point (!), colon (:) and semicolon(;).
Words that rhyme have endings that sound the same, like cat and hat, or kite and
A simile is a way of describing something by comparing it to something else, often
using the word "like" or "as." For example, "He is as brave as a lion."
A symbol is a mark or sign that stands for something else. For example, the
symbol & meansand.

Synonyms are words that have almost the same meaning, like the words car and
A verb is a type of word that describes an action or a state of being, like wiggle, walk,
run, jump, be, do, have, or think.
A word is a sequence of letters that means something.


Denotation is when you mean what you say, literally. Connotation is
created when you mean something else, something that might be initially
hidden. The connotative meaning of a word is based on implication, or
shared emotional association with a word. Greasy is a completely innocent
word: Some things, like car engines, need to be greasy. But greasy contains
negative associations for most people, whether they are talking about food or
about people. Often there are many words that denote approximately the
same thing, but their connotations are very
different. Innocent and genuine both denote an absence of corruption, but the
connotations of the two words are different: innocent is often associated with
a lack of experience, whereas genuine is not. Connotations are important in
poetry because poets use them to further develop or complicate a poem's