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TITLE

THE LEVEL OF AWARENESS AND EXTENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STUDENT


MANUAL OF CAGAYAN STATE UNIVERSITY ANDREWS CAMPUS
CHAPTER ONE
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Introducton
No student shall be deprived of their right to information, especially when it
comes to their rights and privileges as a student. They must be aware of everything like the rules
and policies that govern them, the dos and donts of the school, and the possible consequences
in case of violation of the said rules and policies. All these concerns are found in the student
manual, thats why it is important that each student should be given a copy of student manual for
them to know the details of their commitment to their learning experience at the university.
ence, the !tudent "anual is essential for students to read and understand, so they can
fully engage in all facets of being a student. The purpose of the #niversity !tudent "anual is to
notify students about the universitys commitment to them especially in enabling and providing
learning environment and in return. !tudents are also expected to follow the policies that are
being set by the university. #niversity procedures, regulationsand services are mentioned in this
manual, with directions to full policy documentation on the university.
$ntering in the university, students become a member of the inclusive community that
supports equality, diversity, and ethical and responsible behavior. !tudents are benefited in many
ways and develop socially from being a member of a vibrant community of students, staff and
other personnel that works at the university. As a member of the university, and in line with the
!tudent %harter, students are expected to behave in a respectful manner within the university.
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"eanwhile, the %agayan !tate #niversity is an institution that aims to provide the best
quality of education among its constituents. &t aims to promote excellence in the field of
academics and other aspects of the students lives. Thus, in order to achieve all the goals that are
being set by the #niversity, it must have a set of rules and regulations and other provisions that
will legally govern the whole studentry.
$very member of the #niversity 'the students, faculty members, administrators and staffs
and other personnels ( makes a pledge to strive for personal and academic integrity, to treat
others with dignity and respect, to honor the rights and property of others, to take responsibility
for individual and group behaviour, and to act as a responsible citi)en in a free academic
community. Any students conduct, on or off campus, of individuals or groups that threatens or
violates this pledge may become a matter for action within the #niversity*s system of student
discipline or any student who will commit any violations must have to face the consequences of
their actions.
The primary purpose of policies and regulations, and the articulation of expected
standards of student conduct, is to promote the mission of the #niversity and to protect the well(
being of the community. These policies and regulations enable all the members of the university
to function as a community and respond to situations that threaten or violate that community.
!tudent "anual addresses important areas of information for all student members of the
university. The "anual describes how this university works, where students should go, and who
they should see to resolve questions and concerns. +olicies, procedures, and regulations are
outlined so that all students ,undergraduate, graduate, medical, certificate and special status- are
aware of the parameters within which this #niversity community functions.
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!ince it is very well said that the rules and policies and other standards and provisions
that are written in the !tudents "anual plays a significant role in achieving the goals of the
university, the researchers conducts this study to determine the .evel of Awareness and the
$xtent of &mplementation of such provisions and policies in the !tudent "anual of %agayan
!tate #niversity, Andrews %ampus.
The researchers would like to know the .evel of Awareness and the $xtent of
&mplementation of the student manual as perceived by the !tudents. The researchers will conduct
a survey regarding the said issue at hand and the data that will be gathered will be further
analy)ed and interpreted in order to come up with the end goal of the study which is to know the
!tudents .evel of Awareness and the $xtent of &mplementation of the different provisions in
terms of / a- Academic +olicy b- !tudent !ervices and 0elfare +rograms c- 1ights, 2uties and
1esponsibilities d- !tudent %onduct and 2iscipline as per stipulated in the !tudent "anual of
%agayan !tate #niversity, Andrews %ampus.
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St!t"#"nt o$ t%" Pro&'"#
The researchers conducted the study to determine the .evel of Awareness and the $xtent
of &mplementation of the !tudent "anual of %agayan !tate #niversity. !pecifically, it aimed to
answer the following questions/
3. 0hat is the level of awareness of the students in the manual in terms of /
a- Academic +olicies
b- !tudent !ervices and 0elfare +rograms
c- 1ights, 2uties and 1esponsibilities
d- !tudent %onduct and 2iscipline
4. 0hat is the extent of implementation of the manual according to its Amount of service,
%ompliance, 1espondents responsiveness and 5uality of delivery perceived by the
students6
7. &s there a significant relationship between awareness and implementation6
8. 2o manual help the students as perceived by themselves in terms of their /
a- Academic +erformance
b- !tudent !ervices and 0elfare +rograms
c- %onduct and 2iscipline
d- 1ights, 2uties and 1esponsibilities
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Conc"(tu!' Fr!#")or*
&n order to fully develop the study, the researchers presented a conceptual framework.
The conceptual framework discussed the main thrust of the study. The main thrust of the study is
to determine the level of implementation of policies and by(laws in the !tudent "anual. The
paradigm below shows the &nput(+rocess(9utput of the study. :asing from the diagram below,
the $xtent of implementation will depend on the respondents awareness regarding the provisions
in terms of/ a- Academic +olicies b- !tudent !ervices and 0elfare +rograms c- %onduct and
2iscipline d- 1ights, 2uties and 1esponsibilities that are stipulated in the !tudent "anual of
%agayan !tate #niversity, Andrews %ampus.
OUTPUT
PROCESS
INPUT
;igure3. 1esearch +aradigm
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S+n$c!nc" o$ t%" Stud,
This study has the following contributions to the following/
To the !tudents
The study will benefit the students by simply informing them on the 2os and
2onts of the school policies, in case of unawareness, through this study they will be informed of
their rights and privileges as a student.
To the Administrators
This will help the administrators in assessing the effectiveness of their strategy in
implementing the policies and by(laws written in the !tudent "anual.
To the 1eaders
This study will inform the readers on the level of implementation of the policies
and by(laws in the !tudent "anual of %agayan !tate #niversity. This will also help them in
terms of determining how well these policies and by(laws are implemented at %agayan !tate
#niversity.
To the ;uture 1esearchers
This study will serve as a pattern and basis for future researchers that will
conduct a study that is related to the topic.
To the Teachers
This will help them in assessing the effectiveness of their strategy in
implementing the policies and by(laws written in the !tudent "anual.
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Sco(" !nd D"'#t!ton-
The study focused on the .evel of Awareness and $xtent of &mplementation of
the !tudent "anual of %agayan !tate #niversity. &t includes the following/
The provisions in the !tudent manual were delimited in terms of a- Academic +olicies b-
!tudents !ervices and 0elfare +rograms c- 1ights, 2uties and 1esponsibilities d- !tudent
%onduct and 2iscipline.
The study was conducted within the vicinity of %agayan !tate #niversity, Andrews
%ampus, Tuguegarao %ity, %agayan. The researchers delimited the scope of the study
within the four 2epartmental %olleges/ the %ollege of :usiness, $ntrepreneurship and
Accountancy, the %ollege of Allied ealth and !ciences, the %ollege of Teachers
$ducation and the %ollege of ospitality and &ndustry "anagement through stratified
random sampling.
The respondents are the students from the four colleges mentioned. The chosen
respondents will be the sub<ect of the survey for the attainment of the ob<ectives of the
study.
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D"$nton o$ T"r#-
To specify the limit of the study titled =The .evel of Awareness and
&mplementation of !tudent "anual of %agayan !tate #niversity>, the paper defines the following
terms/
L"."'/ it is the degree or range of the implementation of the provision stated in !tudent "anual.
E0t"nt o$ I#('"#"nt!ton/ it is the act of putting provisions of student manual into action to
further test the awareness and implementation of the said provisions. The extent of
implementation will be measured through its amount of service, compliance, quality of delivery
and respondents responsiveness.
A#ount o$ S"r.c"/ represents the quantity of a provided service received by the respondents.
Co#('!nc"/ refers to how closely academic policies, students services and welfare programs,
rights, duties and responsibilities, student conduct and discipline are being followed by the
respondents.
1u!'t, o$ D"'."r,/ deals with the manner, in which the provisions were implemented.
R"-(ond"nt- R"-(on-."n"--( measures how the respondents obey the provisions.
Stud"nt M!nu!'/ it is where all the policies, by(laws and rights of the students are written. &t is a
manual that serve as a guide to all students in a certain #niversity.
A)!r"n"--/ it is the state of mindfulness or responsiveness of the respondents on the
implementation of the policies and by(laws in the !tudent "anual.
Pro.-on-/ are the policies, rules and regulations stated in the !tudent "anual.
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CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
This chapter underscores the background readings set about by the researchers on the
variables to be focused in the research study. &t commences with literature and studies on the
definition of the implementation in relation to the research study. The second section of the
chapter focused on the related study on the awareness of the students on the policies and
provisions stipulated in the student manual. The last section of the chapter synthesi)es the review
of both conceptual and research literature presented in this portion of the research proposal.
Loc!' Stud,
As to the awareness of the students, in relation to the policies and by(laws as stipulated in
the student manual, ;ernande) ,4??@- concluded from the findings that the awareness of the
students in +angasinan !tate #niversity ,+!#-, .ingayen %ampus, in accordance with the
content of the student handbook in terms of general academic policies, scholarship program,
student clubs and organi)ations, student discipline and disciplinary measure, are mostly aware.
owever, student offences and their corresponding penalties, and their right and duties are
themselves not aware.
:ased from the mentioned findings and conclusions of the study, he recommended that
the school administrator must furnish the said handbooks to all the students of +!#, he must
formulate a comprehensive, and well(discussed written policies of the content of said handbook,
he must design a policy that the teacher or adviser is capable to discuss the content of the
handbook on the first day of the class in order that the students understand the declared policy,
and he must organi)e a seminar that discusses the content of the said handbook. &n return, it is
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the responsibility of the students to read and follow the guidelines andAor policies expressed in
the handbook.
For"+n Stud,
&mplementation means a specific set of activities designed to put into practice an activity
or program of known dimensions>. According to Boseph A. 2urlak of .oyola #niversity %hicago
in the article =why program implementation is important>, program implementation refers to
how well a proposed program or intervention is put into practice and is fundamental to
establishing the internal, external, construct and statistical conclusion validity of outcome
evaluations. 1esearch conducted on preventive field trials indicate that program implementation
is variable across change agents and settings and is sometimes seriously compromised, and that
the level of implementation influences outcomes. +reventionists should not expect that the
quantity or quality of program implementation will be a perfect 3??C. +rogram implementation
refers to how well a proposed program or intervention is put into practice and has been
alternatively referred to as treatment adherence, fidelity or integrity, or sometimes, as one form
of process research or process evaluation. &mplementation can be distinguished from other
aspects of program diffusion such as dissemination ,efforts to inform others of the existence of a
program and its findings-D adoption ,a specific decision to initiate a program- and maintenance or
institutionali)ation ,the continuation of a program after its trial adoption-.
According to "at 2. 2uerden and +eter A. 0itt in their article =Assessing +rogram
&mplementation/ 0hat it is, 0hy it is important and ow to do it> they stated that the core of
implementation is the concept of program integrity, defined as the degree to which a program is
implemented as originally planned. +rogram integrity consists of five main dimensions/
adherence, dosage, quality of delivery, participant responsiveness, and program differentiation
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,2ane E !chneider, 3FF@-/ Ad%"r"nc" refers to how closely program implementation matches
operational expectations, Do-!+" represents the amount of a provided service received by a
participant, 1u!'t, o$ D"'."r, deals with the manner in which the service was provided,
P!rtc(!nt R"-(on-."n"-- measures individuals* engagement and involvement in the program
,2omitrovichE Greenberg, 4???-, Pro+r!# D$$"r"nt!ton identifies program components in
order to ascertain their unique contributions to the outcomes ,2usenbury, :rannigan, ;alco, E
ansen, 4??7-.
As noted, the study of implementation is essential to truly understanding program
outcomes. #nfortunately, reviews of research from a number of different disciplines suggest that
issues pertaining to implementation are often ignored. &n one of the first reviews to address
implementation, +eterson, omer, and 0onderlich ,3F@4- found that on average only 3HC of the
experimental studies published in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis between 3FH@ and
3F@? that provided an operationali)ed definition of independent variables actually measured the
degree of implementation of these variables. Those studies that do include measures of
implementation integrity often report that this information contributes to the understanding of
program performance and outcomes. ;or example, findings from studies of adolescent drug
abuse prevention programs suggest that higher levels of implementation are related to increased
program effectiveness and participant outcomes ,:otvin, :aker, 2usenbury, Tortu, E:otvin,
3FF?D 2usenbury et al., 4??7D +ent) et al., 3FF?-. The findings from these studies highlight the
need to evaluate program implementation in order to more fully understand program functioning
and impacts.
Although most organi)ations develop plans detailing how various services and programs
should be conducted, the level of actual adherence to these plans varies greatly ,2urlakE 0ells,
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3FFI-. 0ithout understanding the degree to which a program was implemented as originally
planned, often referred to as Jprogram integrity,J it becomes difficult to suggest linkages between
outcomes and programs. $valuating program integrity provides important information to
multiple stakeholders, including evaluators, funders, and program staff and administrators
,1ossi, .ipsey, E ;reeman, 4??8-. 9btaining a clear picture of how well a program was
implemented allows programmers to more confidently link programs to observed outcomes
,2obson E %ook, 3F@?-.
There are a number of key steps organi)ations should consider when conducting
implementation evaluations. The following serve as more specific recommendations. ;irst,
uniform operationali)ed definitions of the components of program integrity ,e.g., adherence,
dosage, etc.- need to be employed when studying implementation ,2usenbury et al., 4??7-. &n
other words, a quality implementation evaluation needs to collect data from as many of the core
integrity domains as possible. This process allows for comparison of implementation research
findings across programs and disciplines. ;urthermore, all pertinent components of the program
and implementation system need to be fully and clearly described in order to facilitate accurate
effective measurement ,Gresham EGansle, 3FF7D +eterson et al., 3F@4-.
+rogram implementation is also applicable to schools and it does not only reflect
universities or colleges but also the leadership of the student leaders in putting the plans of
programs into reality.
&n relation to the study, the researchers adopted this foreign study since the !tudent
"anual does not only focused on the rules and policies that governs the university but also
focused on the different provisions regarding the !tudent !ervices and 0elfare +rograms, the
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best example of these are the different !cholarship +rograms that are being offered by the
university such as Academic scholarship, Athletic scholarship, %ampus +ublication ,e.g. if you
are a member of the %!# %ommunicator, you can acquire the said scholarship-, #niversity
!tudent Government 9fficers !cholarship, 19T% scholarship ,e.g. if you are one of the %adet
officers, you can also acquire this scholarship- and lastly !ocio(cultural scholarship. &n order to
assessed the extent of implementation of the different provisions especially these scholarship
programs, the researchers designed their own way of assessing it through adopting the four
dimensions of program integrity namely/ Adherence, 2osage, R"-(ond"nt- R"-(on-."n"-- and
1u!'t, o$ D"'."r, but in order for the terms to be more applicable to the study, the researchers
changed the terms Adherence and 2osage to Co#('!nc" and A#ount o$ S"r.c". Therefore,
the $xtent of &mplementation of the provisions was assessed according to/ Co#('!nc"2 A#ount
o$ S"r.c"2 R"-(ond"nt- R"-(on-."n"-- !nd 1u!'t, o$ D"'."r,3
CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
This chapter presented the methods that were used in conducting the study. &t
includes the research design, locale of the study, respondents of the study and sampling
procedure, data gathering tool, data gathering procedure and data analysis.
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R"-"!rc% D"-+n
The researchers used descriptive method in order to acquire accurate, factual,
systematic data that will provide an actual picture of the study. To determine the .evel of
Awareness and the $xtent of &mplementation of the !tudent manual, data was obtained through
floating of a standardi)ed questionnaire as a survey instrument.
Loc!'" o$ t%" Stud,
The study was conducted within %agayan !tate #niversity, Andrews %ampus.
The researchers delimited the scope of the study within the four departmental college namely/
%ollege of :usiness $ntrepreneurship and Accountancy, %ollege of Allied ealth and !ciences,
%ollege of Teachers $ducation and %ollege of ospitality and &ndustry "anagement.
The desired number of respondents was determined the use of !lovins ;ormula
which is/
n K N A ,3 L Ne
4
-
0here nK sample si)e eK margin of error
NK population si)e
R"-(ond"nt- o$ t%" Stud,
The respondents of the study will be the students from the four 2epartmental %ollege
namely/ %ollege of :usiness $ntrepreneurship and Accountancy, %ollege of Allied ealth and
!ciences, %ollege of Teachers $ducation and %ollege of ospitality and &ndustry "anagement.
There were 3?,7HF students in the four colleges and the researchers used the !lovins formula in
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computing for the desired number of respondents from the total population. 7@M students were
randomly chosen and were distributed within the four department through !tratified 1andom
!ampling technique. The researchers used stratified random sampling to avoid biases in
choosing the respondents and to be able to get reliable responses. The table below shows the
total population per 2epartment. %o$2 K7MMI, %:$AK733F, %&"K4@7H, %A!K@MI.
Figure 1 Population per Department
!lovins ;ormula: n = N
1+Ne
2
K 3?,7HF
3 L 3?,7HF,.?M-
4
K 7@M
!ample si)e per
2epartment A %ollege
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D!t! G!t%"rn+ Too'
The researchers will use a standardi)ed questionnaire consisting of two parts as
the main tool in gathering data from the respondents. P!rt I will contain items that will assess
the awareness of the students on the policies and by(laws in the student manual and then P!rt II
will contain items that will test the level of implementation of the policies and by(laws in the
student manual as perceived by the students, teachers, and administrators.
D!t! G!t%"rn+ Proc"dur"
The following steps are to be followed in gathering the necessary data for the
study/
3. +reparation of self(administered questionnaire
4. A letter of permission in the conduct of the study will be given to the 2ean of the
2epartmental %olleges, and with the 2eans approval, the researchers will personally
administer the questionnaire to the respondents in order to ensure the 3??C retrieval of
the questionnaire and to enable the researchers to discuss properly the questions intended
for the survey. A letter of permission will also be given to the teachers, administrators and
personnel.
An!',-- o$ t%" Stud,
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The researcher will employ a very simple statistics. This will resort to consider
the felt need of the study. The data will be analy)e and interpret through the use of frequency
distribution.
!%A.$ NA.#$ "$AN 1ANG$ 2$!%1&+T&N$ !%A.$
M 8.4?( M.?? ;ully implemented
8 7.8?( 8.3F +artially implemented
7 4.H?(7.7F !atisfactorily implemented
4 3.@?(4.MF !eldom implemented
3 3.??(3.IF Never implemented
The formula to be use will be/
0here/K weighted mean
0 K weight in the point scale
Oxw K the sum of the weight of xs
N K the sum of the weight of x
BIBLIOGRAPHY
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A3 Stud"nt #!nu!' 4C!+!,!n St!t" Un."r-t,5
B3 Pu&'-%"d Artc'"-
+eterson, omer, and 0onderlich ,3F@4- Journal of Applied Behavior
Analysis+rogram effectiveness and participant outcomes ,:otvin, :aker,
2usenbury, Tortu, E:otvin, 3FF?D 2usenbury et al., 4??7D +ent) et al.,
3FF?-
"at 2. 2uerden and +eter A. 0itt =Assessing +rogram &mplementation/
+rogram 2ifferentiation ,2usenbury, :rannigan, ;alco, E ansen, 4??7-
C3 Int"rn"t -ourc"-
http/AAwww.savannahstate.eduAstudent(affairsAdocsA!!#P!tudentPandbook.pdf
http/AAwww.georgefox.eduAparentsAhandbookAstudent(life.html
http/AAteaching.about.comAbA4?33A?4A3IAreviewing(your(student(handbook.htm
http/AAwww.northpark.eduAQAmediaA;ilesA+2;A%urrentC4?!tudentsA!tudent
C4?2evelopmentA!tudentandbook.ashx
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