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TRL publications catalogue 2011

TRL publications are published by IHS for TRL

Crowthorne House
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TRL publications are available from
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Copyright TRL, Transport Research Laboratory 2011
Bridges engineering 3
Ground engineering 7
Highway engineering 13
Intelligent transport systems 23
Sustainability 25
Road user safety 26
Trafc and the environment 35
Trafc and transport planning 40
Trafc engineering 50
Vehicle engineering 55
Current Topics in Transport 59
Transport planning and the environment 59
Electronics and communications in transport 59
Civil engineering 60
Transport safety 60
Most TRL publications are available in hard copy and as pdf downloads.
Full information and prices are available at
Information on TRL Select subscription packages is given on page 61.
Current series
Insight Reports (2009 ) INS
This new series provides authoritative overviews of current
transport topics, presenting the experience and expertise of
TRL Reports (1995 ) TRL
This is the current series carrying reports of TRLs research
work. It was formed from the renamed Project Report series,
and began at TRL121.
Road Notes (2002 ) RN
Road Notes are practical guidance documents, prepared by
TRL with input from industry.
Published Project Reports (2004 ) PPR
Published Project Reports are written primarily for the
customer rather than for a general audience and are
published with the customers approval.
Current Topics in Transport CT
This series provides abstracts of recent research on topics of
current interest to transport researchers.
TRF Fellowship Lectures (2001 ) TRF/MISC
This series consists of lectures given by Fellows of the
Transport Research Foundation who are eminent individuals in
transport and transport research.
Leaets LF
Leaets are occasional, single-sheet, free publications, which
provide brief results of certain TRL projects.
Application Guides (1984 ) AG
These guides have been published at irregular intervals since
1984, and usually take the form of a guide to the application
of a particular process or computer progam.
Annual Research Reviews ARR
Annual Research Reviews present a summary of each years
activities and achievements.
Former series
Project Reports (19931995) PR
After Project Report PR120, this series was renamed the TRL
Report series.
Viridis Reports (20022005) VR
A series of reports on sustainability topics.
Research Reports (19851993) RR
This series is now closed.
Contractor Reports (19851993) CR
This series is now closed.
Laboratory Reports (19661985) LR
This series reports TRLs research work between 1966
and 1985. Only selected titles have been included in the
appropriate subject sections.
Supplementary Reports (19731985) SR
This series reports TRLs research work between 1973
and 1985. Only selected titles have been included in the
appropriate subject sections.
This section covers: design, construction, maintenance and
repair of bridges; bridge loading, testing and assessment,
durability of bridge structures, corrosion of reinforcement,
expansion joints, bridge deck waterproong.
TRL Reports (1995 )
TRL124 Long-term monitoring of a reinforced earth bridge
abutment at Carmarthen: 1984 to 1994, KC Brady,
DA Barratt, W McMahon
TRL146 Cyclic loading of sand behind integral bridge
abutments, SM Springman, ARM Norrish, CWW Ng
TRL165 Measurement of thermal cyclic movements on two
portal frame bridges on the M1, P Darley, G Alderman
TRL178 Seasonal thermal effects on the shallow abutment of an
integral bridge in Glasgow, P Darley, DR Carder,
GH Alderman
TRL204 A guide to repair and strengthening of masonry arch
bridges, J Page
TRL236 Improving the performance of bridge expansion joints:
Bridge Deck Expansion Joint Working Group Final
Report, CP Barnard (Ch), JR Cuninghame
TRL251 Traffic data for highway bridge loading, NJ Ricketts,
J Page
TRL283 The durability of bonded steel plates for strengthening
concrete highway bridges a 20-year trial, AJJ Calder
TRL344 Seasonal thermal effects over three years on the shallow
abutment of an integral bridge in Glasgow, P Darley,
DR Carder, KJ Barker
TRL391 Design of bridge with external prestressing: design
example, A Daly, P Jackson
TRL392 Design of bridges with external prestressing:
construction and testing of a model bridge,
RJ Woodward, AF Daly
TRL404 Reinforced earth bridge abutment at M8 motorway:
four years of monitoring, MG Winter
TRL433 Performance under cyclic loading of the foundations of
integral bridges, DR Carder, JP Hayes
TRL521 Performance of an integral bridge over the M1-A1 link
road at Branham Crossroads, KJ Barker, DR Carder
TRL528 Background to the development of BD 49/01: design
rules for aerodynamic effects on bridges, BW Smith,
TA Wyatt, DK Mackenzie, MV Huband, AF Daly
TRL530 Wind tunnel tests on plate girder bridges, AF Daly,
BW Smith
TRL546 Intelligent monitoring of jack arch structures, KC Brady,
J Kavanagh
TRL552 Suitability testing of materials to absorb lateral stresses
behind integral bridge abutments, P Darley, KJ Barker,
DR Carder
TRL553 Specification for suitability testing of stress-absorbing
materials behind integral bridge abutments, DR Carder,
P Darley, DI Bush
TRL554 Corrosion protection of external tendons in post-
tensioned concrete bridges, RJ Woodward,
NE Anderson
TRL655 Asphalt surfacing to bridge decks, JC Nicholls,
RW Jordan, KE Hassan
Published Project Reports (2004 )
PPR053 Strengthening of concrete structures using near surface
mounted FRP reinforcement, AF Daly, J Shave, S Denton
PPR136 Survey of impregnated structures, A Calder, N Anderson,
M McKenzie
PPR154 Application of bridge deck waterproofing to concrete
aged from 3 to 28 days, AJJ Calder, MG Evans, RW Jordan
PPR180 Performance of stress absorbing layers behind the
abutments of Mount Pleasant Flyover, KJ Barker, DR Carder
PPR197 High-tech remote monitoring for the management of
highway structures, A Daly, GRA Watts
PPR215 The effectiveness of sub-standard shear reinforcement
in bridge decks, AF Daly
PPR221 The performance of surfacing overlaying bridge deck
waterproofing systems, RW Jordan, K Nesnas, MG Evans
PPR255 Automated inspection of highway structures Stage 2,
S McRobbie, R Lodge, A Wright
PPR338 Automated inspection of highway structures, S McRobbie
PPR362 Performance of impregnants, AJJ Calder, M McKenzie
PPR376 Bridge deck waterproofing: non-U4 concrete finishes,
AJJ Calder, RW Jordan, VE Scorey, SM Powell
PPR412 Automated inspection of highway structures 2008
2009, SG McRobbie
Application Guides (1984)
AG43 Repair of concrete in highway bridges: a practical guide,
S Pearson, RG Patel
Annual Research Reviews
ARR2004 Annual Research Review 2004
ARR2005 Annual Research Review 2005
ARR2006 Annual Research Review 2006
ARR2007 Annual Research Review 2007
ARR2008 Annual Research Review 2008
ARR2009 Annual Research Review 2009
Project Reports (19931995)
PR120 Assessment of substructures and over-conservatism in
design, GB Card, P Darley
Research Reports (19851993)
RR75 Safety fences and bridge parapets TRRL papers for the
1986 TRB annual meeting, IB Laker (Ed)
RR78 Corrosion of reinforcement: an assessment of 12
concrete bridges after 50 years service, PR Vassie
RR83 Enclosure an alternative to bridge painting, RR Bishop
RR93 The chloride concentration and resistivity of eight
reinforced concrete bridge decks after 50 years service,
PR Vassie
RR109 Durability of concrete repairs: the effect of steel
cleaning procedures, PR Vassie
RR110 Load tests to collapse on two arch bridges at Preston,
Shropshire and Prestwood, Staffordshire, J Page
RR124 A mechanism program for computing the strength of
masonry arch bridges, MA Crisfield, AJ Packham
RR128 Performance of a reinforced earth bridge abutment at
Stirling, RA Snowdon, ML Athorn, C McCaul
RR129 Exposure tests on externally reinforced concrete beams
performance after 10 years, AJJ Calder
RR150 Repair of cracked reinforced concrete: assessment of
corrosion protection, AJJ Calder, DM Thompson
RR159 Load tests to collapse on two arch bridges at Torksey
and Shinafoot, J Page
RR185 A field trial of waterproofing systems for concrete
bridge decks, AR Price
RR191 Exposure tests on 3.5 m externally reinforced concrete
beams the first eight years, AJJ Calder
RR198 Tests on a half-scale prestressed-beam and slab bridge
deck, KH Withey
RR201 Load tests to collapse on two arch bridges at
Strathmashie and Barlae, J Page
RR217 No-tension finite-element and mechanism analyses of a
half-scale beam-and-slab bridge deck, J Wills, MA Crisfield
RR218 Numerical analysis of a half-scale prestressed-beam and
slab bridge deck, J Wills, MA Crisfield, JT Cheung
RR233 The corrosion of weathering steel under real and
simulated bridge decks, M McKenzie
RR248 Laboratory tests on waterproofing systems for concrete
bridge decks, AR Price
RR250 Non destructive testing methods for concrete bridges,
RJ Woodward
RR254 The behaviour of permanent formwork, C Beales, DA Ives
RR255 Measurements of prestress and load tests to failure on
segmental concrete beams, RJ Woodward
RR259 Fatigue classification of welded joints in orthotropic
steel bridge decks, JR Cuninghame
RR276 Assessment of trough to crossbeam connections in
orthotropic steel bridge decks, C Beales
RR293 Corrosion protection: the environment created by
bridge enclosure, M McKenzie
RR299 Characterisation of rubber vulcanizates for bridge
bearings, R Eyre, A Stevenson
RR309 Assessment implications from tests on a model
concrete beam and slab bridge, AF Daly, DW Cullington
RR310 Load test on a jack arch bridge with cast iron girders,
AF Daly, SJ Raggett
RR317 Waterproofing of concrete bridge decks: site practice
and failures, AR Price
RR327 Shear strength of some 30-year-old prestressed beams
without links, DW Cullington, SJ Raggett
RR328 Cathodic protection of reinforced concrete:
effectiveness on initially uncorroded steel, M McKenzie
RR345 Surface treatments for concrete highway bridges,
DM Thompson, MB Leeming
RR351 Finite element analysis of a half-scale composite steel
and concrete bridge deck, J Wills, JT Cheung
RR383 The assessment of filler beam bridge decks without
transverse reinforcement, AMCC Low, NJ Ricketts
Contractor Reports (19851993)
CR256 A re-appraisal of certain aspects of the design rules for
bridge aerodynamics, Flint and Neill Partnership
Laboratory Reports (19661985)
LR34 Human tolerance levels for bridge vibrations, DR Leonard
LR59 Model tests with two forms of bridge lighting, AE Walker,
J Northrop
LR101 Low friction sliding surfaces for bridge bearings: PTFE
weave, ME Taylor
LR175 Forces due to trafficloads on the shear connectors of
simply supported composite bridges, JS Teraszkiewicz
LR189 Developments in the measurement of stress and strain
in concrete bridge structures, RG Tyler
LR228 Bridge temperatures and movements in the British Isles,
M Emerson
LR234 The thermal behaviour of the Beachley Viaduct/Wye
Bridge, MWR Capps
LR252 A traffic loading and its use in the fatigue life
assessment of highway bridges, DR Leonard
LR270 Horizontal forces on bridge expansion joints due to
vehicles, W Black, DS Moss
LR271 A method of laying low voltage heating elements in a
bridge surfacing, PJ Williamson
LR281 Bridge parapet tests carried out in collaboration with
the British Aluminium Company, VJ Jehu, IB Laker, C Blamey
LR321 The analysis of curved multi-span orthotropic bridge
decks, PC Das
LR322 Experimental techniques for determining support
reactions in models of beams and slabs, GE Smith
LR491 PTFE in highway bridge bearings, ME Taylor
LR492 Bridge parapet tests carried out in collaboration with
the British Steel Corporation, C Blamey
LR493 Multi-cell bridge decks model tests and theoretical
analysis, PC Das, MA Crisfield
LR532 A method of measuring the horizontal forces generated
by bridge bearings, ME Taylor
LR539 Long-term strains in the Medway Bridge, RG Tyler
LR547 Effects of rate of loading on flexural strength and
fatigue performance of concrete, JW Galloway, KD Raithby
LR550 Characterisation of bridge locations by corrosion and
environmental measurements first-year results,
JS Hutchins, M McKenzie
LR555 A mathematical optimization procedure and its
application to the design of bridge structures, J Wills
LR561 The calculation of the distribution of temperature in
bridges, M Emerson
LR564 Long-term strains in a support cantilever of the
ChiswickBoston Manor Viaduct M4, RG Tyler
LR583 Full-scale trials of paint system for steel highway bridges,
RR Bishop
LR587 Temperature spectra recorded in surfacings on steel
bridge decks, H Howells
LR593 Large-deflection elasto-plastic buckling analysis of
plates using finite elements, MA Crisfield
LR599 Estimation of wind speed and air temperature for the
design of bridges, JS Hay
LR613 Wind forces on bridges drag and lift coefficients, JS Hay
LR627 Trials of experimental orthotropic bridge deck panels
under traffic loading, DE Nunn, SAH Morris
LR629 An investigation into the fatigue of welds in an
experimental orthotropic bridge deck panel, DE Nunn
LR636 Waterproofing concrete bridge decks: materials and
methods, MD Macdonald
LR641 The instrumentation of bridges for the measurement of
temperature and movement, JD Mortlock
LR654 Dynamic tests on highway bridges test procedures
and equipment, DR Leonard
LR658 On an approximate yield criterion for thin steel shells,
MA Crisfield
LR702 Bridge temperatures calculated by a computer
program, MR Jones
LR706 The TRRL East African Flood Model, D Fiddes
LR707 A strain monitoring system for determining forces on
falsework, AR Price
LR708 Abnormal and eccentric forces on elastomeric bridge
bearings, AR Price
LR725 Large-deflection elasto-plastic buckling analysis of
eccentrically stiffened plates using finite elements,
MA Crisfield
LR744 Extreme values of bridge temperatures for design
purposes, M Emerson
LR748 Bridge temperatures derived from measurement of
movement, W Black, M Emerson
LR760 Calculated deck plate temperatures for a steel box
bridge, MR Jones
LR765 Temperature differences in bridges: basis of design
requirements, M Emerson
LR783 Temperatures in bridges during the hot summer of
1976, M Emerson
LR802 Static and repetitive loading tests on full-scale
prestressed concrete bridge beams, CAK Irwin
LR804 Static and repeated loading tests on lightweight
prestressed concrete bridge beams, H Howells, KD Raithby
LR824 Loading tests on the stiffened diaphragms of a
trapezoidal steel box girder, CAK Irwin, JA Loe
LR839 A reappraisal of ambient conditions satisfactory for site
painting of steel bridges, RR Bishop, MA Winnett
LR852 Geometric imperfections in in-situ concrete highway
bridges, BO Hall, SJ Berrisford, AM Thomas
LR857 The corrosion performance of weathering steel in
highway bridges, M McKenzie
LR884 Containment of heavy vehicles by bridge parapets of
post and rail type, VJ Jehu, LC Pearson
LR915 The influence of chlorides on the alkalinity of concrete,
PR Vassie
LR919 Ivanovs yield criterion for thin plates and shells using
finite elements, MA Crisfield
LR926 Temperatures in bridges during the cold winter of
19781979, M Emerson
LR960 Extending the bridge maintenance painting season,
MA Winnett
LR970 The Kenyan low cost modular timber bridge, JD Parry
LR980 Conditions within ducts in post-tensioned prestressed
concrete bridges, RJ Woodward
LR981 Case studies of the corrosion of reinforcement in
concrete structures, RJ Woodward
LR1032 Loading tests on highway bridges: a review,
DM Thompson
LR1066 Steel bridge decks: fatigue performance of joints
between longitudinal stiffeners, JR Cuninghame
LR1071 The performance of nosing type bridge deck expansion
joints, AR Price
LR1104 The performance in service of bridge deck expansion
joints, AR Price
LR1115 A finite element computer program for the analysis of
masonry arches, MA Crisfield
Supplementary Reports (19731985)
SR44 uc Derivation of stress spectra from measurements on
orthotropic bridge decks during normal trafficking,
SAH Morris, H Howells
SR53 uc Stresses under wheel loading in steel orthotropic
decks with trapezoidal stiffener, DE Nunn, JR Cuninghame
SR57 uc A recorder to determine surface crack propagation in
material testing, HM Harding
SR59 Stresses under wheel loading in a steel orthotropic deck
with v-stiffeners, DE Nunn, JR Cuninghame
SR96 uc The fatigue behaviour of trapezoidal stiffener to deck
plate welds in orthotropic bridge decks, SJ Maddox
SR135 A comparative study of highway bridge loadings in
different countries, PK Thomas
SR495 Bridge temperatures in the Arabian Gulf: theoretical
predictions, M Emerson
SR542 An introduction to some current theories on the
aerodynamic behaviour of bridges, JS Hay
SR559 Pretensioning and thermal strains measured in a
concrete composite bridge, WPM Black
SR596 A review of traffic loads and stresses in steel bridges,
GP Tilly, J Page
SR597 Measurement of traffic loads and stresses in three steel
bridges, J Page
SR598 Some analyses of traffic data for three steel bridges,
J Page, GP Tilly
SR611 Steel box bridge temperatures in Australia and the
United Kingdom, M Emerson
SR612 External strengthening of concrete bridges with
bonded steel plates, KD Raithby
SR621 An alternative to bridge painting, RR Bishop, MA Winnett
SR622 Axial fatigue of high-yield reinforcing bars in air, DS Moss
SR667 Epoxy coated reinforcement in bridge decks, J Wills
SR668 The grouting of five prestressed concrete bridges
during construction, RJ Woodward
SR677 Monitoring of weathering steel structures the
induction ultrasonic thickness tester, M McKenzie
SR740 The service performance of fifty buried-type bridge
expansion joints, AR Price
SR788 The lightweight aggregate concrete bridge at
Redesdale, GE Higgins, JA Loe, H Howells
SR794 High speed profilometer measurements on the
Humber Bridge, DRC Cooper
SR812 Removal and testing of elastomeric bridge bearings,
AR Price, MA Fenn
SR824 Vibration analysis of frame and cable-stayed footbridges
by VAFCAF, JT Cheung
PA-INF-4496-05 Comparison of bridge management practice in
England and France, B Mahut, RJ Woodward
This section covers: design and construction of embankments,
retaining walls and tunnels; ground investigation; anchored
earth and soil nailing; drainage; use of geotextiles, geogrids.
Insight Reports (2009 )
INS001 Improving the stability of slopes using a spaced piling
technique, DR Carder
TRL Reports (1995 )
TRL128 Doubly-propped embedded retaining walls in clay,
DJ Richards, W Powrie
TRL129 An economic and technical appraisal of geosynthetic
soil nails, R Woods, KC Brady
TRL131 A literature and design review of crib wall systems,
GGT Masterton, AJ Mair, KC Brady, MJ Greene
TRL132 Long-term performance of an anchored earth wall at
Otley: 1984 to 1994, KC Brady, DA Barratt, MI Jafar
TRL144 Design of reinforcement in piles, JP Tyson
TRL152 Earth pressures against an experimental retaining wall
backfilled with Lias Clay, AH Brookes, DR Carder, P Darley
TRL172 Ground movements caused by different embedded
retaining wall construction techniques, DR Carder
TRL187 Behaviour of the diaphragm walls of a cut-and-cover
tunnel constructed in boulder clay at Finchley,
AH Brookes, DR Carder
TRL188 Behaviour during construction of a propped secant pile
wall in stiff clay at Hackney to M11 link, SN Bennett,
DR Carder, MD Ryley
TRL192 Sources of information for site investigations in Britain
(revision of TRL Laboratory Report LR403), J Perry, G West
TRL206 In situ states of compaction of structural backfill,
DP Steele, RA Snowdon
TRL209 Field evaluation of the TRL load cell pressuremeter,
P Darley, DR Carder, MD Ryley, PG Hawkins
TRL213 The effectiveness of berms and raked props as
temporary support to retaining walls, DR Carder,
SN Bennett
TRL228 Movement trigger limits when applying the
Observational Method to embedded retaining wall
construction on highway schemes, GB Card, DR Carder
TRL239 Behaviour during construction of a propped diaphragm
wall founded in London Clay at Aldershot Road
underpass, DR Carder, DJ Press, CH Morley, GH Alderman
TRL242 Reduction of lateral forces in retaining walls by
controlled yielding, RT Murray, DM Farrar
TRL244 Behaviour of a cantilever contiguous bored pile wall in
boulder clay at Finchley, AH Brookes, DR Carder
TRL246 Lateral loading of piled foundations at Wiggenhall Road
overbridge (A47), P Darley, DR Carder, MD Ryley
TRL248 Stabilised sub-bases in road foundations: structural
assessment and benefits, BCJ Chaddock, VM Atkinson
TRL280 Ground classification systems in tunnel construction,
GI Crabb
TRL290 Innovative structural backfills to integral bridge
abutments, DR Carder, GB Card
TRL305 Review of lime piles and lime-stabilised soil columns,
G West, DR Carder
TRL306 Laboratory trial mixes for lime-stabilised soil columns
and lime piles, AH Brookes, G West, DR Carder
TRL308 The determination of the acceptability of selected
fragmenting materials for earthworks compaction,
MG Winter
TRL319 The creep of geosynthetics, GRA Watts, KC Brady, MJ Greene
TRL320 A comparison of embedded and conventional retaining
wall design using Eurocode 7 and existing UK design
methods, D Carder
TRL328 Consultation document on suitability tests for stress
absorbing layers behind integral bridge abutments,
P Darley, DR Carder
TRL373 The use of soil nails for the construction and repair of
retaining walls, PE Johnson, GB Card
TRL379 Performance during construction of a cut-and-cover
tunnel founded in London Clay at Edmonton, DR Carder,
KJ Barker, MR Easton
TRL380 Case history studies of soil berms used as temporary
support to embedded retaining walls, MR Eaton, P Darley
TRL381 The long-term performance of embedded retaining
walls, DR Carder, P Darley
TRL387 A centrifuge and analytical study of stabilising base
retaining walls, M Daly, W Powrie
TRL398 Design guidance on soil berms as temporary support
for embedded retaining walls, MR Easton, DR Carder,
P Darley
TRL406 A review of the durability of soil reinforcements,
MJ Greene, KC Brady
TRL424 Detailed chemical analysis of lime stabilised materials,
JD McKinley, H Thomas, K Williams, JM Reid
TRL427 Field evaluation of the TRL load cell pressuremeter in
Gault Clay, P Darley, DR Carder, DP Steele
TRL428 The use of ground penetrating radar in the investigation
of masonry retaining walls, J Kavanagh, KH Bowers,
KC Brady
TRL429 Groundborne vibration caused by mechanised
construction works, DM Hiller, GI Crabb
TRL430 A whole life cost model for earthworks slopes, JM Reid,
GT Clark
TRL436 Performance of the two integral bridges forming the
A62 Manchester Road Overbridge, KJ Barker, DR Carder
TRL438 Performance of the hard-soft piling system at A12
Hackney to M11 Link Road, DR Carder, DP Steele
TRL446 Behaviour during construction of a stabilised base
embedded wall at Coventry, T Hayward, DR Carder,
W Powrie, DJ Richards, KJ Barker
TRL447 Sulfate specification for structural backfills, JM Reid,
MA Czerewko, JC Cripps
TRL448 Value management for tunnel procedures, S Bird,
JE Potter, DM Hiller, KH Bowers
TRL449 Value engineering of tunnel equipment, A Evans, S Bird,
KH Bowers, GI Crabb, RH Harse
TRL451 The effects of age on cement stabilised/solidified
contaminated materials, MJ Board, JM Reid, DSJ Fox, DI Grant
TRL454 Drainage of earthwork slopes: a review, DM Farrar,
KC Brady
TRL463 Long-term performance of an anchored diaphragm
wall embedded in stiff clay, J Kavanagh, KC Brady
TRL466 A review of the use of spaced piles to stabilise
embankment and cutting slopes, DR Carder, J Temporal
TRL471 Centrifuge modelling of a cutting slope stabilised by
discrete piles, T Hayward, A Lees, W Powrie, DJ Richards,
J Smethurst
TRL476 Use of London Clay backfill against the walls of
Chestfield Tunnel, P Darley, KJ Barker
TRL483 Review of drainage behind retaining walls, G West
TRL484 Application of soil acceptability forecasts, MG Winter
TRL493 Analysis of performance of spaced piles to stabilise
embankment and cutting slopes, DR Carder, MR Easton
TRL505 Swell test requirements for lime stabilised materials,
DJ MacNeil, DP Steele
TRL506 Establishment of vegetation for slope stability,
CA Marriott, K Hood, JR Crabtree, DJ MacNeil
TRL508 A review of the use of live willow poles for stabilising
highway slopes, DM Hiller, DJ MacNeil
TRL514 Lime pile remediation of a Gault Clay embankment
slope on the M1, DR Carder, KJ Barker, MR Easton
TRL515 Vegetation for slope stability, DJ MacNeil, DP Steele,
W McMahon, DR Carder
TRL517 Compendium of selected research in ground
engineering, JD Lewis
TRL519 Specification of pulverised-fuel ash for use as general fill,
M Winter, BG Clarke
TRL533 Guidance on the structural use of plastic sheet piling in
highway applications, DR Carder, P Darley, KJ Barker
TRL537 Soil nailing for slopes, PE Johnson, GB Card, P Darley
TRL550 Analysis of the stability of masonry-faced earth retaining
walls, KC Brady, J Kavanagh
TRL555 Field measurement of pore water pressures, A Ridley,
KC Brady, PR Vaughan
TRL565 The response of a reinforced soil wall to differential
movement, KC Brady, MJ Greene, DI Bush
TRL627 The performance of a single row of spaced bored piles
to stabilise a Gault Clay slope on the M25, C Gatchalian,
A Barkawi, DR Carder, KJ Barker
TRL632 Design guidance on the use of a row of spaced piles to
stabilise clay highway slopes, DR Carder
Published Project Reports (2004 )
PPR024 Review of flooding incidents on the HA Network in
Autumn 2000 Stage 2, AJ Todd
PPR082 A study of water movement in road pavements, JM Reid,
GI Crabb, J Temporal, M Clark
PPR130 Post-incident recovery in highway tunnels achieving
best practice, S Bird, JE Potter, J Gillard
PPR140 Ventilation during road tunnel emergencies, RC Hall
PPR169 Pollutant removal ability of grassed surface water
channels and swales: literature review and identification
of potential monitoring sites, M Escarameia, AJ Todd,
GRA Watts
PPR340 Thermal imaging of slopes and substructures, DR Carder,
A Dunford
PPR341 Drainage of earthworks slopes, DR Carder, GRA Watts,
L Campton, S Motley
PPR406 Use of intelligent compaction technology, DR Carder,
BCJ Chaddock, L Campton (Halcrow Group Ltd)
TRF Fellowship Lectures (2001 )
MISC12 Prefabrication: the natural construction process,
Dr H Taylor
Annual Research Reviews
ARR2004 Annual Research Review 2004
ARR2005 Annual Research Review 2005
ARR2006 Annual Research Review 2006
ARR2007 Annual Research Review 2007
ARR2008 Annual Research Review 2008
ARR2009 Annual Research Review 2009
Research Reports (19851993)
RR62 An anchored earth retaining wall on the Otley Bypass:
construction and early performance, RA Snowdon,
P Darley, DA Barrett
RR97 An evaluation of unburnt colliery shale as fill for
reinforced earth structures, G West, MP OReilly
RR99 Behaviour of a temporary anchored sheet pile wall on
A1(M) at Hatfield, IF Symons, JA Little, TA McNulty, DR Carder,
SGO Williams
RR111 Performance of a reinforced earth bridge abutment at
Carmarthen, KC Brady
RR113 Influence of wall yielding on lateral stresses in
unreinforced and reinforced fills, A McGown, RT Murray,
KZ Andrawes
RR116 A parametric study of the stability of embedded
cantilever retaining walls, IF Symons, H Kotera
RR130 Pilot-scale studies of the trafficability of soil by
earthmoving vehicles, AW Parsons, AF Toombs
RR141 Loading tests on two long span corrugated steel
culverts, J Temporal, PE Johnson
RR172 Analysis of defects in 180km of pipe sewers in Southern
Water Authority, MP OReilly, RB Rosbrook, GC Cox,
A McCloskey
RR179 Field study of filter drains at Swanley, Kent, DM Farrar,
HR Samuel
RR181 Trial and construction induced blasting vibration at the
Penmaenbach road tunnel, BM New
RR192 Earth pressures against an experimental retaining wall
backfilled with heavy clay, IF Symons, CRI Clayton, P Darley
RR199 A survey of slope condition on motorway earthworks in
England and Wales, J Perry
RR208 The compaction of soil using lightweight vibrating
plate compactors, AF Toombs
RR209 The effect of pavement layers on the behaviour of
corrugated steel culverts, PE Johnson, J Temporal, GRA Watts
RR212 A survey of the condition of 19 m of highway drains,
MP OReilly, G Brennan
RR251 The compressibility of a crushed limestone backfill,
KC Brady, G Kirk
RR257 Determining the age of failure of motorway earthworks
from aerial survey photographs, RD Andrews
RR260 Performance of an experimental reinforced earth
structure using soft chalk backfills, KC Brady, DA Barratt,
R Cater
RR261 The effect of vibration on the pull-out resistance of
reinforcements in soil, KC Brady, GRA Watts, BM New
RR273 Long-term performance of a propped retaining wall
embedded in stiff clay, DR Carder, IF Symons
RR288 Behaviour of an embedded retaining wall on the A6
Chapel-en-le-Frith Bypass, P Darley, IF Symons, DR Carder
RR300 Analysis of the performance of dead-weight rollers
compacting soil, MP OReilly
RR302 Observations of slope drainage at Romford, Essex,
DM Farrar
RR313 Long-term performance of an anchored diaphragm
wall embedded in stiff clay, IG Carswell, DR Carder,
IF Symons
RR316 Analyses of the performance of vibrating and impacting
compaction plant, MP OReilly
RR324 Horizontal stresses on flexible walls, RT Murray
RR331 Behaviour during construction of a propped diaphragm
wall in stiff clay at the A406/A10 junction, DR Carder,
MD Ryley, IF Symons
RR359 Design of embedded retaining walls in stiff clays,
IF Symons
RR360 The design, construction and performance of an
anchored earth wall at Annan, KC Brady, GRA Watts,
DA Barratt
RR361 Compaction monitoring devices for earthworks,
RA Snowdon
RR368 Observations of slope drainage at Colchester, Essex,
DM Farrar
RR380 The development of specifications for soil nailing,
RT Murray
RR382 Installation damage trials on geotextiles, KC Brady,
GRA Watts, AS Nagarkatti, JH Greenwood
Contractor Reports (19851993)
CR271 Geotechnical stress analysis: a possible approach for
cantilever retaining walls on spread foundations,
MD Bolton
Laboratory Reports (19661985)
LR21 A study of the petrology of some soft limestones from
Jamaica in relation to their engineering properties,
LW Tubey, PJ Beaven
LR27 The performance of a Wacker BS 50K 1-cwt vibro-
tamper in the compaction of soil, AF Toombs
LR35 Impact tests on pipes buried under roads, J Page
LR36 The influence of the coarse fraction on the plastic
properties of clay soils, MJ Dumbleton, G West
LR38 Engineering concepts of moisture equilibria and
moisture changes in soils, GD Aitchison, K Russam,
BG Richards
LR39 Studies of the Keuper Marl: geology and geography,
MJ Dumbleton, G West
LR40 Studies of the Keuper Marl: mineralogy, MJ Dumbleton,
G West
LR48 Settlement behind bridge abutments. The use of
pulverised fuel ash in constructing the approach
embankments to bridges on the Staines Bypass,
G Margason, JE Cross
LR52 Effect of soil type on the single probe gamma ray
transmission method for measuring in-situ densities,
DG Harland, SR Urkan
LR61 A preliminary investigation to determine the resistance
of cement-stabilized materials to repeated loading,
IF Symons
LR62 A Mercury-filled gauge for measuring the settlement of
foundations, MJ Irwin
LR76 Settlement behind bridge abutments: the performance
of a medium-clay fill used to form the approach
embankments to a bridge on the M1 motorway,
D McClaren
LR112 Earthworks in soft chalk. A study of some of the factors
affecting construction, AW Parsons
LR1129 Behaviour of a shallow buried pipeline under impact
and abnormal loads, ME Taylor, GJL Lawrence, DR Carder
LR116 Studies of the Keuper Marl. Physical properties, AD Marsh
LR125 A laboratory investigation of the physical and chemical
properties of burnt colliery shale, CK Fraser, JR Lake
LR129 A study of a laboratory compaction test using a Swedish
vibratory apparatus, TO Odubanjo
LR151 Suction tests on Barton sand from line of M3 motorway,
DM Farrar, AD Marsh
LR160 Calculations of stresses and displacements in a layered
elastic structure, EN Thrower
LR182 The classification and description of soils for
engineering purposes: a suggested revision of the
British system, MJ Dumbleton
LR186 The effectiveness of subsoil drainage of paved areas on
two heavy clay sites, DM Farrar
LR188 Automatic data recording for the laboratory
consolidation test, MJ Irwin
LR205 The properties of cement stablized materials,
PT Sherwood
LR207 New apparatus for the measurement and recording of
water level evaporation and rainfall, J Prudhoe,
DTE Rutledge
LR223 Static tests on stud shear connectors in haunched slabs,
JS Teraszkiewicz
LR227 The application of residual shear strength to the design
of cuttings in overconsolidated fissured clays, IF Symonds
LR229 The performance of an Arrow D.500 dropping weight
compactor in the compaction of soil, AW Parsons,
AF Toombs
LR231 Failure of plain concrete under fatigue loading a
review of current knowledge, KD Raithby, AC Whiffin
LR238 M6 trial embankment at Killington, D McClaren, JC Tanner
LR247 Creep of concrete pipes under load, JW Grainger
LR251 Gauge for measuring dynamic and long-term strains in
soil, JF Potter
LR255 Geological and geophysical investigations on part of
the M90 Kelty Bypass, DR Cowan
LR257 The performance of an Aveling-Barford VP 7.7 Mg self-
propelled vibrating roller in the compaction of soil,
AF Toombs
LR272 An examination of methods of determining the specific
gravity of soils, JV Krawczyk
LR273 Counting tests for portable nuclear instruments,
DG Harland
LR277 The hydraulic efficiency and spacing of BS road gulleys,
K Russam
LR280 The use of a microwave oven for the
rapid determination of moisture content of soils,
MD Ryley
LR306 The suction and strength of remoulded soils as affected
by composition, MJ Dumbleton, G West
LR309 Settlement behind bridge abutments: the performance
of a silty clay fill in an approach embankment on the M4
motorway, D McClaren
LR310 Settlement behind bridge abutments: the performance
of a uniformly-graded sand fill in an approach
embankment on the M4 motorway, JE Cross
LR311 Settlement behind bridge abutments: the performance
of a stony-clay fill in an approach embankment to an
overbridge on the M4 motorway, G Margason
LR326 A preliminary study of the cost of tunnel construction,
G Margason, RG Pocock
LR332 The performance of an inclinometer for measuring
lateral movements in soil, RT Murray, MJ Irwin
LR336 A study of the feasibility of using belt conveyors for
earthmoving in road construction, AW Parsons, BA Broad
LR339 The reproducibility of the results of soil classification
and compaction tests, PT Sherwood
LR346 Selection of materials for sub-surface drains, R Spalding
LR361 A study of the water balance of a natural catchment
using a neutron-scattering moisture meter, J Prudhoe
LR362 Snow fences, LE Hogbin
LR365 The measurement of the tensile properties of soil-
cement, HE Bofinger
LR376 Tests to determine the design of roadside soft arrester
beds, IB Laker
LR392 Earth pressure measurements in pulverised fuel ash
behind a rigid retaining wall, DS Wilson, B Pimley
LR403 Preliminary sources of information for site investigations
in Britain, MJ Dumbleton, G West
LR406 A laboratory study of the use of wet fill in
embankments, DM Farrar
LR419 Embankments constructed on soft foundations:
settlement study at Avonmouth, RT Murray
LR437 Wet sieving for the particle-size distribution of soils,
G West, MJ Dumbleton
LR443 Computer program for the one-dimensional analysis of
the rate of consolidation of multi-layered soils, RT Murray
LR457 A computer method for designing the vertical
alignment of a road: program VENUS 1, R Robinson
LR458 A further computer method for designing the vertical
alignment of a road: program VENUS 11, R Robinson
LR459 Ground-data processing before optimization of the
vertical alignment: program PRELUDE, ME Chard
LR463 Optimizing highway vertical alignments to minimize
construction costs: program MINERVA, HEH Davies
LR468 Flow charts for the British Standard particle-size
distribution tests for soils, G West, MJ Dumbleton
LR469 The design and phasing of horizontal and vertical
alignment: program JANUS, AB Baker
LR470 A program for calculating Thiessen average rainfall,
AO Grigg
LR472 Experimental work on large steel pipeline at Kirtling,
JJ Trott, J Gaunt
LR477 A review of methods of ventilating road tunnels,
HJ Hignett, L Hogbin
LR480 The performance of Bomag BW 75s and BW 200
double vibrating rollers in the compaction of soil,
AF Toombs
LR515 Determination of residual shear strength of clay by a
modified shearbox method, AD Marsh
LR529 The performance of a Caterpillar 815 17-Mg tamping
roller in the compaction of soil, AF Toombs
LR538 Embankments constructed on soft foundations:
settlement studies near Oxford, RT Murray
LR554 A reservoir model alternative to the unit hydrograph for
flood estimation, D Fiddes
LR560 Field investigation of a method for the rapid analysis of
fresh concrete, AC Edwards, GD Goodsall
LR565 The estimation of flood flows from natural catchments,
CP Young, J Prudhoe
LR590 The performance of a Clark Scheid DV 60 6.9 Mg
double vibrating roller in the compaction of soil,
AF Toombs
LR591 Available information for route planning and site
investigation. Report on a TRRL symposium,
MJ Dumbleton
LR592 Some examples of underground development in
Europe, MP OReilly
LR595 Estimated rainfall for drainage calculations in the United
Kingdom, CP Young
LR602 Drainage of level or nearly level roads, AC Whiffin,
CP Young
LR617 Two-dimensional analysis of settlement by computer
program, RT Murray
LR623 The prediction of storm rainfall in East Africa, D Fiddes,
JA Forsgate, AO Grigg
LR625 Guidance on planning, directing and reporting site
investigations, MJ Dumbleton, G West
LR632 A pilot scale machine for tunnel boring research,
HJ Hignett, TR Howard
LR657 Problem classification and basic techniques in analysis
of inelastic stability of plates, LCP Yam
LR684 Measurements of ground movement and lining
behaviour on the London Underground at Regents
Park, DA Barratt, RG Tyler
LR689 Performance of cells designed to measure soil pressure
on earth retaining structures, DR Carder, JV Krawczyk
LR703 The use of geophysics in landslide studies, M Stewart,
A Celisc
LR711 Assessment and control of stability for road
embankments constructed on soft subsoils, IF Symons
LR714 The particle-size distributions of debris produced
during tunnelling trials, AF Toombs, RA Snowdon,
MP OReilly
LR715 The adaptation of the RRL Hydrograph method of
storm sewer design for tropical conditions, WG Ford
LR720 Ultrasonic wave propagation in discontinuous rock,
BM New
LR730 Site investigation for tunnelling trials in chalk, SD Priest,
JA Hudson, JE Horning
LR740 A guide to site investigation procedures for tunnels,
MJ Dumbleton, G West
LR750 The rapid measurement of the moisture condition of
earthwork material, AW Parsons
LR766 Experimental retaining wall facility lateral stress
measurements with sand backfill,
DR Carder, RG Pocock, RT Murray
LR778 Finite element analysis of a large diameter buried steel
pipeline, P Nath
LR785 Sub-base stability: a shear-box test compared with other
prediction methods, DC Pike, SM Acott, RM Leech
LR796 Tunnelling trials in chalk: rock cutting experiments,
HJ Hignett, RA Snowdon, J Temporal
LR806 The classification of chalk for use as a fill material,
HC Ingoldby, AW Parsons
LR816 Terrestrial photogrammetric surveys of unstable terrain
in Colombia, W Heath, LL Parsley, JWF Dowling
LR845 Site investigation aspects of the Empingham reservoir
tunnels, MJ Dumbleton, AF Toombs
LR860 The effects of ground vibration during bentonite shield
tunnelling at Warrington, BM New
LR864 Effects of moisture changes on flexural and fatigue
strength of concrete, JW Galloway, HM Harding, KD Raithby
LR865 Effects of age on flexural, fatigue and compressive
strength of concrete, JW Galloway, HM Harding, KD Raithby
LR868 Site investigation and construction of the Liverpool
Loop and Link tunnels, G West, AF Toombs
LR889 The strength of clay fill subgrades: its prediction in
relation to road performance, WPM Black, NW Lister
LR901 The strength of clay subgrades: its measurement by a
penetrometer, WPM Black
LR938 Measurements of ground movements around three
tunnels in loose cohesionless soil, MD Ryley, PE Johnson,
MP OReilly, DA Barratt
LR946 Earth pressures against an experimental retaining wall
backfilled with silty clay, DR Carder, RT Murray, JV Krawczyk
LR947 Crack control in concrete beams by surface
reinforcement with glass fibre, KD Raithby
LR953 A survey of site tests for the assessment of corrosion in
reinforced concrete, PR Vassie
LR954 Behaviour of a shallow buried pipeline under static and
rolling wheel loads, RG Pocock, GJL Lawrence, ME Taylor
LR961 Theoretical and experimental behaviour of lightly
stiffened box-girder diaphragms, MA Crisfield
LR977 Pressures on buried pipes due to revised HB loading,
P Nath
LR984 Site investigation and construction of the Dinorwic
diversion tunnel, G West, VJ Ewan
LR987 Linear and non-linear finite element analysis of
cylindrical shells, MA Crisfield
LR1012 Site investigation and construction of the Cardiff cable
tunnel, G West, D McClaren
LR1013 Reproducibility of joint spacing measurements
in rock, VJ Ewan, G West, J Temporal
LR1023 Trials of buried joints and surfacings on a composite
motorway viaduct, AR Price
LR1028 A method of modelling the effect of traffic on
undermined buried pipelines, DR Carder, P Nath, ME Taylor
LR1030 The British soil classification system for engineering
purposes: its development and relation to other
comparable systems, MJ Dumbleton
LR1034 The effect of soil conditions on the operation of
earthmoving plant, AW Parsons, P Darley
LR1039 Rock stability assessment in preliminary site
investigations graphical methods, GD Matheson
LR1040 Ground movements caused by deep trench
construction in an urban area, AF Toombs, C McCaul,
IF Symons
LR1047 Response of a pipeline to ground movements caused
by trenching in compressible alluvium, DR Carder,
ME Taylor, RG Pocock
LR1051 Trial trench construction in London Clay: a ground
movement study at Bracknell, BM Chard, IF Symons
LR1077 Trial trench construction in alluvium: a ground
movement study at Avonmouth, BM Chard, IF Symons,
AF Toombs, AS Nagarkatti
LR1085 Air photographs for investigating natural changes, past
use and present condition of engineering sites,
MJ Dumbleton
LR1094 Presplit blasting for highway rock excavation,
GD Matheson
LR1099 Response of a pipeline to nearby deep trenching in
boulder clay, DR Carder, ME Taylor
LR1105 A comparison of shear strength measurements using
two sizes of shearbox, KC Brady, I Awcock, NR Wightman
LR1109 The measurement of the in-situ density of cement-
bound materials, PT Sherwood, AJ Clark
Supplementary Reports (19731985)
SR51uc Some approximations in the non-linear analysis of
rectangular plates using finite elements, MA Crisfield
SR69 uc Techniques and equipment for detecting underground
services, WG Keir
SR80 uc Note on a visit to Italy September 1973, MP OReilly
SR90 uc Triaxial tests on soils: corrections for effect of membrane
and filter drain, T Balkir, AD Marsh
SR118 uc A note on the elastic analysis of box-girder diaphragms
using finite elements, MA Crisfield
SR376 The arrangement of rock cutting tools on full-face
tunnel boring machines, HJ Hignett, MP OReilly
SR393 A design approach for lightly stiffened box girder
diaphragms, MA Crisfield, RS Puthli
SR457 Reinforced earth and other composite soil techniques.
Proceedings of a Symposium sponsored jointly by the
Transport and Road Research Laboratory and the
Heriot-Watt University, held in Edinburgh on
2122 September 1977
SR496 Fabric reinforced earth walls: development of design
equations, RT Murray
SR522 The moisture condition test and its potential
applications in earthworks, AW Parsons, JB Boden
SR529 Exposure tests on externally reinforced concrete beams
first two years, AJJ Calder
SR530 Centrifuge tests of flexible circular pipes subjected to
surface loading, AJ Valsangkar, AM Britto
SR531 An examination of the defects observed in six
kilometres of sewers, J Lester, DM Farrar
SR532 Some observations of machine tunnelling at the Kielder
Aqueduct, TD ORourke, SD Priest, BM New
SR534 The load-carrying capacity of cracked rigid pipes a
preliminary study, JJ Trott, JB Stevens
SR544 Ground vibrations from impact pile driving during road
construction, DJ Martin
SR547 Settlement caused by tunnelling beneath a motorway
embankment, AF Toombs
SR583 Pull-out tests on reinforcements embedded in
uniformly graded sand subject to vibration, RT Murray,
DR Carder, JV Krawczyk
SR588 A linear rock cutting rig, RA Snowdon, J Temporal, HJ Hignett
SR592 Pipelines considered as a mode of freight transport: a
review of current and possible future uses, JG James
SR602 Examples of the use of terrestrial photogrammetry in
highway engineering, W Heath, JWF Dowling
SR635 Conveyance of coarse-particle solids by hydraulic
pipeline: trials with limestone aggregate in 102, 156
and 207 mm diameter pipes, JG James, BA Broad
SR645 Analysis of fresh concrete by the pressure-filter and
constant-volume methods, AC Edwards, RJ Mead
SR654 Impact resistance of fibre concrete, AP Hibbert, DJ Hannant
SR658 Mechanical properties of polyolefin-reinforced cement
sheet for crack control in reinforced concrete,
JW Galloway, RIT Williams, KD Raithby
SR663 A bending tensile test to determine the crushing
strength of sewer pipes, DM Farrar
SR674 A preliminary study of TRRL anchored earth,
RT Murray, MJ Irwin
SR676 Kielder Aqueduct tunnels predicted and actual
geology, TP Davies, PG Carter, DAC Mills, G West
SR700 Pilot study to test site use of pipe defect classification
and CRODISS systems, J Lester
SR702 Reproducibility of joint orientation measurements in
rock, VJ Ewan, G West
SR703 Strength testing of geotechnical fabrics, A McGown,
KZ Andrawes, RF Wilson-Fahmy, KC Brady
SR704 A new method of determining the load-extension
properties of geotechnical fabrics, A McGown,
KZ Andrawes, RF Wilson-Fahmy, KC Brady
SR705 The microstructure of epoxy bonded steel-to-concrete
joints, GO Lloyd, AJJ Calder
SR711 Repeated triaxial loading of soil: apparatus and
preliminary results, BCJ Chaddock
SR725 Terrain evaluation for highway planning and design,
PJ Beaven, CJ Lawrance
SR728 The flexural performance of 3.5 m concrete beams with
various bonded external reinforcements, MD Macdonald
SR748 Bending fatigue of high-yield reinforcing bars in
concrete, DS Moss
SR751 Use of fabric reinforcement for reinstating unstable
slopes, RT Murray, J Wrightman, A Burt
SR760 The applicability of programs Onedim and Twodim to
analysis of consolidation problems, KC Brady
SR772 Friction factors and drag coefficients of pneumatic
pipeline capsules, JA Bunce
SR773 Wear in slurry pipelines: experiments with 38 mm
diameter specimens in a closed-loop test rig, JG James,
BA Broad
SR781 Ground movements caused by tunnelling in loose fill,
C Mccaul, C Dobson, I Cooper, IM Spencer
SR783 A numerical investigation of the retaining walls of the
Bell Common Tunnel, DM Potts, JB Burland
SR784 Factors influencing the tyres for pipeline capsules,
KE Holmes
SR786 Appraising the moisture condition test for obtaining the
Casagrande classification of soils, VJ Ewan, G West
SR789 Classification of defects seen in surveys of brick sewers
by closed-circuit television, DM Farrar, JN Rushbrooke,
A McCloskey
SR813 A parametric study of the stability of embedded earth
retaining structures, DM Potts, JB Burland
SR817 A device for measuring drill rod and drill hole
orientations, GD Matheson
SR823 Water quality of motorway runoff, DM Colwill, CJ Peters,
R Perry
MIS001 The wise use of landscape resources in road
construction and maintenance: Scotland, MG Winter,
C Anderson
This section covers: design, construction and maintenance of
bituminous and concrete pavements; specications, whole
life costing; use of rolled asphalt, porous asphalt, recycled
aggregates; surface texture, monitoring of pavement condition;
footway design and construction; reinstatement, trenching.
TRL Reports (1995 )
TRL125 Trials of high-friction surfaces for highways, JC Nicholls
TRL134 A study of footway maintenance. Research project
funded by the County Surveyors Society and the
Highways Agency, MH Burtwell (Ed)
TRL153 Monitoring the effectiveness of the new street works
legislation Stage 3 (NRSWA) (The New Roads and
Street Works Act 1991), PJ Taylor, MH Burtwell
TRL157 Rheological properties of polymer-modified binders for
use in rolled asphalt wearing course, DR Gershkoff,
J Carswell, JC Nicholls
TRL158 Standardisation trial of performance tests for
bituminous materials, D Leech, B Sexton
TRL159 A comparison of different methods of analysing
dynamic creep test results, TMCL Smith
TRL160 The characterisation of bituminous macadams by
indirect tensile stiffness modulus, ME Nunn
TRL161 The effect of restrained expansion on the assessment of
structures with ASR, AEK Jones, LA Clark
TRL176 Laboratory tests on high friction surfaces for highways,
JC Nicholls
TRL193 Accelerated full-scale load testing of recycled heavy
duty macadam roadbase material, DI Blackman,
MG Earland, AR Halliday
TRL197 Trench reinstatement trial at TRLs Pavement Test
Facility, MH Burtwell, DI Blackman
TRL200 Re-use of scrap tyres in highway drainage, J Carswell,
EJ Jenkins
TRL216 Road haunches: a guide to re-usable materials,
J Potter (Ed)
TRL218 Assessment of AXOFLEX, the Redland thin asphalt
surface course, JC Nicholls
TRL229 The MERLIN road roughness machine: user guide,
MA Cundill
TRL231 Road trials of high modulus base for heavily trafficked
roads, ME Nunn, T Smith
TRL234 Highways: principles to practice, R Hosking (Ed)
TRL250 Design of long-life flexible pavements for heavy traffic,
ME Nunn, A Brown, D Weston, JC Nicholls
TRL261 The long-term performance of a surface dressing trial
on A413, Amersham, JC Nicholls, DP Frankland
TRL264 Review of UK porous asphalt trials, JC Nicholls
TRL289 Construction of full-scale trials to evaluate the
performance of induced cracked CBM roadbases, SJ Ellis,
MA Megan, LA Wilde
TRL291 Alternative textures for concrete roads: results of M18
and A50 trials, AP Hewitt, PG Abbott, PM Nelson
TRL292 Assessment of MILLOM HITEX, the Bardon thin asphalt
course, JC Nicholls
TRL298 Mechanical retexturing of roads: a study of processes
and early-life performance, PG Roe, SA Hartshorne
TRL299 Mechanical retexturing of roads: an experiment to
assess durability, PG Roe, SA Hartshorne
TRL303 The evaluation of tests for repair materials used on
concrete pavements, JWE Chandler, GC Mays
TRL314 Road trials of stone mastic asphalt and other thin
surfacings, JC Nicholls
TRL315 Specification trials of high-performance hot rolled
asphalt wearing courses, JC Nicholls
TRL322 The polished stone value of aggregates and in-service
skidding resistance, PG Roe, SA Hartshorne
TRL324 The effectiveness of the utility reinstatement
specification, MH Burtwell, CC Spong
TRL329 Use of non-destructive testing for the assessment of
newly-constructed concrete pavements, AR Halliday
TRL367 High and low speed skidding resistance: the influence
of texture depth, PG Roe, AR Parry, HE Viner
TRL376 Effectiveness of edge drainage details for use with
porous asphalt, JC Nicholls, IG Carswell
TRL386 Design guide and specification for structural
maintenance of highway pavements by cold in-situ
recycling, LJ Milton, M Earland
TRL389 Properties of sand-sulphur-bitumen mixes for road
pavements and influence of ageing, J Rolt,M Yousef,
OT Farouki
TRL408 Enabling the use of secondary aggregates and binders
in pavement foundations, VM Atkinson, BC Chaddock,
AR Dawson
TRL434 Assessment of THINPAVE, a Bardon thin asphalt surface
course, JC Nicholls
TRL435 Assessment of SMATEX, a Bardon thin asphalt surface
course, JC Nicholls
TRL456 Development of a performance-based surfacing
specification for high performance asphalt pavements,
D Weston, M Nunn, A Brown, D Lawrence
TRL461 The harmonised European standard test methods for
asphalt mixtures, JC Nicholls
TRL472 Forth Road Bridge: temperature measurements,
M Emerson
TRL473 In-service performance of recycled asphalt roadbase,
MA Megan, JF Potter
TRL478 The permeability of structural backfills, M Zohrabi,
J Temporal
TRL494 The behaviour of asphalt in adverse hot weather
conditions, JC Nicholls, IG Carswell
TRL496 Review of protection provided by surface dressings
and thin surfacings to structural pavements, LJ Milton,
MH Burtwell, JC Nicholls
TRL497 The design of porous asphalt mixtures to performance-
related criteria, JC Nicholls, IG Carswell
TRL499 Material performance of porous asphalt, including
when laid over concrete, JC Nicholls
TRL516 Mitigating the disruption caused by utility street works,
KC Brady, M Burtwell, JC Thomson
TRL522 A history of the recent thin surfacing revolution in the
United Kingdom, JC Nicholls
TRL523 Granular and bituminous planing mixtures for capping,
DJ MacNeil, DP Steele
TRL534 Condition indicators in footway maintenance, M Zohrabi,
PL Scott, DR Cooper, S Bird
TRL535 Footway maintenance management, S Bird, PL Scott,
M Zohrabi, DR Cooper
TRL557 Durability of thin asphalt surfacing systems. Part 1:
Initial findings, JC Nicholls, I Carswell, PC Langdale
TRL566 Basic oxygen steel slag as surface course aggregate: an
investigation of skid resistance, PG Roe
TRL570 Texture depth and skid resistance of Gripfibre, JC Nicholls,
MJ McHale
TRL572 Long-term performance of reinstated trenches and
their adjacent pavements. Part 1: Literature review,
M Zohrabi, MH Burtwell
TRL573 Long-term performance of reinstated trenches and
their adjacent pavements. Part 2: Long-term
performance of reinstatements in the highway,
DP Steele, MH Burtwell, W McMahon
TRL587 The correlation between the CBR value and
penetrability of pavement construction materials,
M Zohrabi, PL Scott
TRL590 The use of the crack and seat treatment in the
refurbishment of airfield pavements, PC Langdale,
JF Potter, SJ Ellis
TRL591 The use of asphalt arisings as Type 4 sub-base, DP Steele,
DJ MacNeil, V Atkinson
TRL598 Development of new materials for secondary and
recycled aggregates in highway infrastructure, KE Hassan,
L Elghali, C Sowerby
TRL606 Durability of thin asphalt surfacing systems. Part 2:
Findings after three years, JC Nicholls, I Carswell
TRL611 A guide to the use and specification of cold recycled
materials for the maintenance of road pavements,
D Merrill, M Nunn, I Carswell
TRL615 Development of a more versatile approach to flexible
and flexible-composite pavement design, M Nunn
TRL622 Accidents and the skidding resistance standard for
strategic roads in England, AR Parry, HE Viner
TRL624 Validation testing of the performance of SROH 600-
1000 kg/m single drum rollers, M Zohrabi, DI Blackman
TRL630 New continuously reinforced concrete pavement
designs, KE Hassan, JWE Chandler, HM Harding, RP Dudgeon
TRL636 The application of Enrob Module Elv in flexible
pavements, PJ Sanders, M Nunn
TRL638 A model set of asphalt sustainability indicators, AR Parry
TRL639 Guidance on the development assessment and
maintenance of long-life flexible pavements, D Merrill
TRL642 The performance of a single row of spaced bored piles
to stabilise a London Clay slope on the A12, DR Carder,
KJ Barker
TRL645 Feasibility of recycling thin surfacing back into thin
surfacing systems, I Carswell, JC Nicholls, RC Elliott, J Harris
TRL656 Implications of implementing the European asphalt test
methods, JC Nicholls, C Roberts, P Samuel
TRL657 Improved design of overlay treatments to concrete
pavements. Final report on the monitoring of trials and
schemes, C Coley, I Carswell
TRL659 Cement Kiln Dust (CKD) as a filler in asphalt, JC Nicholls,
JM Reid, SD Whiteoak, M Wayman
TRL660 Durability of thin asphalt surfacing systems. Part 3:
Findings after six years monitoring, JC Nicholls, I Carswell,
C Thomas, LK Walter
TRL666 Durability of continuously reinforced concrete surfaced
with asphalt, KE Hassan, JC Nicholls, HM Harding, ME Nunn
TRL672 Review of Shell Thiopave sulphur-extended asphalt
modifier, JC Nicholls
TRL674 Durability of thin surfacing systems. Part 4: Final report
after nine years monitoring, JC Nicholls, I Carswell,
C Thomas, B Sexton
Road Notes (2002 )
RN39 Design guide for road surface dressing, 5th edition,
JC Nicholls
RN39 Design guide for road surface dressing, 6th edition,
C Roberts, JC Nicholls
RN41 Best practice guide for overlaying concrete, RW Jordan,
C Coley, HM Harding, I Carswell, KE Hassan
RN42 Best practice guide for durability of asphalt pavements,
JC Nicholls, MJ McHale, RD Griffiths
RN43 Best practice guide for recycling into surface course,
I Carswell, JC Nicholls, I Widyatmoko, J Harris, R Taylor
Published Project Reports (2004 )
PPR001 TTS Initial Review Review of survey methods,
SG McRobbie, MA Wright
PPR012 Design guide for pavements incorporating Slag Bound
Mixtures (SBM), ME Nunn, KE Hassan
PPR014 Initial study and development of transverse profile
analysis TTS on local roads, K Nesnas, S McRobbie,
MA Wright
PPR015 Initial study of edge deterioration TTS on local roads,
SG McRobbie, MA Wright, PJ Watson
PPR028 Valuing footways and cycle tracks in relation to whole of
government accounts principles, SJ Reeves
PPR036 The use of recycled concrete aggregate in structural
concrete, AJJ Calder, CP Roberts
PPR037 The susceptibility of recycled concrete aggregate to
alkali silica reaction, AJJ Calder, M McKenzie
PPR040 Validation of BS CEN/TS 1793-5 for the measurement of
the airborne sound insulation of timber noise barriers,
GR Watts, PA Morgan
PPR043 Visual performance under CMH and HPS lighting
systems: NumeLiTe project final report, GI Crabb,
RJ Beaumont, DPP Steele, MH Darley
PPR060 The early life skid resistance of asphalt surfaces, P Roe,
GR Lagarde-Forest
PPR066 Pavement wear factors, VM Atkinson, D Merrill, N Thom
PPR069 Visual performance under CMH and HPS street lighting
at different power and dimming levels, GI Crabb,
RJ Beaumont, DP Steele, P Darley, MH Burtwell
PPR072 Audit and Quality Assurance services for TRACS
Type Surveys (TTS) automated road condition survey
vehicles throughout England, C Thomas, P Werro
PPR073 Friction tests on contaminated road surfaces,
RF Lambourn, HE Viner
PPR074 TTS Research Crack detection on local roads. Phase 1,
S McRobbie, A Wright
PPR084 Edge deterioration on local roads, P Watson, A Wright,
S McRobbie
PPR105 Whole life value of footways and cycle tracks, V Atkinson,
L Baldachin, S Bird
PPR127 Road foundation design for major UK highways,
B Chaddock, C Roberts
PPR131 Shape (surface form) of local roads, E Benbow, K Nesnas,
A Wright
PPR141 New pattern recognition methods and the detection of
edge deterioration, P Watson, A Wright
PPR144 Wehner-Schulze machine: first UK experiences with a
new test for polishing resistance in aggregates,
ME Woodbridge, A Dunford, PG Roe
PPR148 Surface texture measurement on local roads, H Viner,
P Abbott, A Dunford, N Dhillon, L Parsley, C Read
PPR167 Structural design and pilot-scale trials of modular
cellular paving for greened safe havens and emergency
access routes, BCJ Chaddock, CR Jones
PPR171 Development of a risk analysis model for footways and
cycletracks, S Bird, CR Sowerby, VM Atkinson
PPR187 Test procedures for durability and adhesion in asphalt,
JC Nicholls, CD Whiteoak
PPR199 Developing scanner road condition indicator parameter
thresholds and weightings, S McRobbie, L Walter, C Read,
H Viner, A Wright
PPR205 Early life skid resistance an assessment of accident risk,
MJ Greene, L Crinson
PPR219 Road trials to determine the effect of de-icers on skid
resistance, MG Evans, RW Jordan, PG Roe
PPR220 An assessment of the effect of de-icers on skidding
accidents, L Crinson, J Martin
PPR228 Sustainable structural maintenance of a flexible
composite trunk road using crack and seat and
ViaFoam, NC Hewitt, PJ Sanders, PC Langdale
PPR229 SCANNER accredited surveys on local roads in England
accreditation, QA and audit testing annual report
20052006, C Thomas, P Werro, A Wright
PPR238 SCANNER Condition Indicator parameter thresholds
and weightings, S McRobbie
PPR251 Highway service levels, V Ramdas, C Thomas, C Lehman,
D Young
PPR253 Investigation of the effects of pavement stiffness on fuel
consumption, E Benbow, J Iaquinta, R Lodge, A Wright
PPR261 Highways Agency 2007 National Falling Weight
Deflectometer Correlation Trials, S Nell, P Langdale
PPR290 Smaller, quicker, cheaper automated carriageway
surveys, KA Gallagher, A Wright, PC King, A Pickett
PPR297 SCANNER accredited surveys on local roads in England
accreditation, QA and audit testing annual report
20062007, C Thomas, P Werro, A Wright
PPR299 Automated detection of fretting on HRA surfaces,
S McRobbie, G Furness
PPR304 Recycled asphalt in surfacing materials: a case study of
carbon dioxide emission savings, I Schiavi, I Carswell,
M Wayman
PPR315 Measuring skid resistance without contact, A Dunford
PPR321 Assessment of the consistency of SCANNER parameters,
RCI and BVPI, E Benbow, A Wright
PPR324 HA/QPA/RBA Collaborative Programme 2004/07:
surface requirements for asphalt roads, PG Roe,
A Dunford, GI Crabb
PPR366 New laboratory procedures for assessing polishing and
skid resistance: review, A Dunford
PPR372 Development of network fitting and data handling
procedures for a national SCANNER database,
N Anderson, C Turnbull, D Wright, A Wright
PPR378 Measuring skid resistance without contact: 20072008
progress report, A Dunford, A Ruff, R Whiteoak
PPR386 A charge structure for trenching in the highway,
RW Jordan, BW Ferne, W McMahon, M Rahman
PPR388 SCANNER-accredited surveys on local roads in England
accreditation, QA and audit testing annual report
20072008, P Werro, I Robinson, A Wright
PPR390 Developing a new method for measuring pavement
layer thickness, J Gopaldas, RB Lodge, A Wright
PPR393 Measuring skid resistance without contact
20082009 progress report, A Dunford
PPR437 Highways Agency 2009 Falling Weight Deflectometer
correlation trials, S Brittain
PPR457 SCANNER-accredited surveys on local roads in England
accreditation, QA and audit testing annual report
20082009, P Werro, I Robinson, E Benbow, A Wright
PPR458 Review of UKPMS core functionality the minimum
functionality all PMS should embody in the UK,
BV Cleave, RA Cartwright, KA Gallagher, T Rasalingam
PPR468 Enhanced levels of reclaimed asphalt in surfacing
materials: a case study evaluating carbon dioxide
emissions, M Wayman, I Carswell
PPR497 GripTester trial October 2009 (including SCRIM
comparison), A Dunford
Application Guides (1984 )
AG26 (V2) Footways and cycle route design, construction and
maintenance guide
AG39 Specification for foamed concrete, KC Brady, GRA Watts,
MR Jones
Annual Research Reviews
ARR2004 Annual Research Review 2004
ARR2005 Annual Research Review 2005
ARR2006 Annual Research Review 2006
ARR2007 Annual Research Review 2007
ARR2008 Annual Research Review 2008
ARR2009 Annual Research Review 2009
Project Reports (19931995)
PR115 Development of a reduced specification for surfacing
aggregate on low traffic roads in Botswana,
ME Woodbridge, CWN Slater
Research Reports (19851993)
RR60 Assessing the quality of rock fill: a review of current
practice for highways, J Perry, AW Parsons
RR71 The use of a computer model to predict the formation
of ice on road surfaces, BS Parmenter, JE Thornes
RR73 Pavement strengthening at minimum cost, J Pynn
RR79 The performance of unreinforced concrete roads
constructed between 1970 and 1979, JM Gregory
RR81 Repair of cracked reinforced concrete: assessment of
injection methods, AJJ Calder
RR84 Assessment of Verglimit (an anti-frost agent) in UK
surfacing trials, WS Szatkowski, LH Swanson
RR86 A laboratory study of the mechanical properties of
sand/sulphur/bitumen mixes, AI Khodaii, OT Farouki, J Rolt
RR87 Thickness design of concrete roads, HC Mayhew,
HM Harding
RR90 The precision of the moisture condition test, AW Parsons,
AF Toombs
RR91 A study of the cost-effectiveness of grading unpaved
roads in developing countries, TE Jones, R Robinson
RR92 An assessment of bituminous basecourse and roadbase
materials containing EVA and sulphur, J Carswell
RR104 The preparation of cutback bitumens to ASTM
specifications by blending readily available constituents,
LS Hitch, M Stewart
RR120 Measurement of the macro-texture of roads. Part 2:
A study of the TRRL mini texture meter, JR Hosking, PG Roe,
LW Tubey
RR122 The effect of EVA-modified bitumens on rolled asphalts
containing different fine aggregates, J Carswell
RR132 Improved roadbase macadams: road trials and design
considerations, ME Nunn, CJ Rant, B Schoepe
RR140 Deformation of road foundations with geogrid
reinforcement, BCJ Chaddock
RR143 Surface texture depth measurements on some British
roads, PG Roe, LW Tubey, G West
RR144 The skidding resistance of concrete: performance of
limestone aggregate experiment after 10 years,
RE Franklin
RR145 A view of road maintenance economics, policy and
management in developing countries, R Robinson
RR147 The performance of experimental weathered basalt
gravel roads in Ethiopia, PJ Beaven, R Robinson, Kassaye Aklilu
RR183 Road profile deterioration as an indicator of structural
condition, PG Jordan, DRC Cooper
RR189 Structural investigation of roads for the design of
strengthening, RTN Goddard
RR195 The TRRL transverse profilometer for measuring
wheeltrack rutting, JF Potter, MGD OConnor
RR196 Trials of roadbase macadam containing EVA, CJ Rant,
B Schoepe
RR197 Examination of concrete from the M40 motorway,
RG Sibbick, G West
RR213 The effect of additives on the frost-heave of a sub-base
gravel, DC Webster, G West
RR225 Recycled asphalt wearing courses, AC Edwards,
HC Mayhew
RR267 Bitumen permittivity and surface texture in rolled
asphalt, ME Daines
RR275 Fast track concrete paving: study visit to Iowa, USA,
RE Franklin, J Mercer, BJ Walker
RR280 Adverse weather conditions for laying rolled asphalt,
JC Nicholls
RR281 Precision of tests used in the design of rolled asphalt,
JC Nicholls
RR284 Specifying clean, hard and durable aggregate for
bitumen macadam roadbase, JC Bullas, G West
RR296 The relation between the surface texture of roads and
accidents, PG Roe, DC Webster, G West
RR297 Measurement of the macrotexture of roads, Part 3.
Development of the high-speed texture meter, PG Roe
RR298 The performance of hot rolled asphalt containing
crushed rock fines, A303 Mere, ME Daines
RR301 The MERLIN low-cost road roughness measuring
machine, MA Cundill
RR304 Examination of concrete from the Padiham Bypass,
Lancashire, RG Sibbick, G West
RR305 Assessment of the performance of off-site recycled
bituminous material, PDM Cornelius, AC Edwards
RR322 Research on flowable concrete, RG Patel
RR323 Trials of porous asphalt and rolled asphalt on the A38 at
Burton, ME Daines
RR349 The performance of joint sealants in concrete
pavements, RE Franklin, HE Savage
RR355 Fast track concrete paving: laboratory and full-scale
trials in United Kingdom, RE Franklin, BJ Walker, PM Hollands
RR358 The performance of modified dense bitumen
macadam roadbases, J Carswell, DR Gershkoff
RR377 Load tests on a reinforced beam and slab bridge at
Dornie, NJ Ricketts, A Low
RR381 Concrete pavement trials in Zimbabwe, JD Parry,
NC Hewitt, TE Jones
Laboratory Reports (19661985)
LR1 Use of critical path method on road construction
projects, PJF Wingate
LR2 Surface dressings on motorway hard shoulders,
DS Wilson
LR4 The problem of water thrown up by vehicles on wet
roads, G Maycock
LR12 The relation between soil shrinkage and the
development of surface cracks in an experimental road
in Kenya, M Dagg, K Russam
LR14 Determination of the elastic recovery of binder/polymer
mixtures using a modified sliding plate
microviscometer, W Szatkowski
LR20 Road surface texture and the change in skidding
resistance with speed, BE Sabey
LR29 Road temperatures in the tropics, PK Roberts, K Russam
LR30 Loss of salt due to rainfall on stockpiles used for winter
road maintenance, LE Hogbin
LR47 Roadmaking materials in Basutoland, PJ Beaven
LR46 An experiment comparing the performance of
roadstones in surface dressing, DS Wilson
LR49 Use of stabilized pulverized fuel ash in road
construction, PT Sherwood, MD Ryley
LR50 The relation between braking force coefficient and slip
for an aircraft tyre braked on four wet surfaces, T Williams
LR54 Investigations into the effect of freezing on a typical
road structure, JC Jacobs, G West
LR56 A vehicle for measuring the skidding resistance of roads
and runways under heavy loading conditions,
FTW Lander
LR63 An experiment comparing the performance of
roadstones used as chippings in rolled asphalt, JR Brown
LR67 High speed impact test on a 40 ft lighting column fitted
with a break-away joint, HJ Hignett
LR77 The estimation of heat outputs for road heating
installations, PJ Williamson
LR84 Calcined bauxite and other artificial polish-resistant
roadstones, JG James
LR85 Studies of the Keuper Marl: stability of aggregation
under weathering, MJ Dumbleton, G West
LR89 The RRL Reflecting Kerb, JR Lake, JW Tyler
LR90 The frost susceptibility of soils and road materials,
D Croney, JC Jacobs
LR94 The use of dichloromethane in the recovery of bitumen
from road materials, GD Goodsall
LR96 Roadstone tests on present day blastfurnace slag,
JR Hosking
LR110 Sub-soil drainage and the structural design of roads,
K Russam
LR111 The damping properties of plain concrete and relations
with elasticity and strength, R Jones, GB Welch
LR117 Frost scaling on concrete roads, RE Franklin
LR120 The effect of flux-oil and Trinidad Lake Asphalt content
on the photo-oxidation of asphaltic cements, CF Shields
LR123 Gas-fired (infra-red) heater for use on the joints in
wearing course rolled asphalt, BF Buglass
LR128 Report on a visit to USA to study blow ups in concrete
roads, JP Stott, KM Brook
LR131 Wet road skidding resistance at high speeds on a variety
of surfaces on A1, BE Sabey
LR137 Dynamic impact pressures generated under roads by
sprung and unsprung vehicles, JF Potter
LR138 Temperature durations at various depths in bituminous
roads, JW Galloway
LR139 The determination of the shear strength parameters
along natural slip surfaces encountered during the
Sevenoaks Bypass investigations, IF Symons, MR Cross
LR147 An investigation into sight distances in rural trunk roads
with some theoretical applications, HC Hall
LR148 Are bituminous roads damaged by salt, PJ Williamson
LR169 Road marking materials: notes for guidance in carrying
out road trials
LR176 Full-scale experiments with thin bituminous surfacings
in Ayreshire, HG Barnes, GC Woodford
LR179 The omission of expansion joints from concrete
pavements: summary of experience and
recommendations, JM Gregory
LR181 A digital computer program to simulate the passage of
a vehicle over a road surface, WR Bellini, EN Thrower
LR184 The skidding resistance of wet runway surfaces with
reference to surface texture and tyre conditions,
FTW Lander, T Williams
LR192 Design recommendations for unreinforced concrete
LR193 The full-scale concrete pavement design experiment at
Alconbury Hill, Huntingdonshire. Performance during
the first ten years, JR Nowak
LR195 The effect of tides on subsoil pore-water pressures at
a site on the proposed Shoreham Bypass, G Margason,
MJ Irwin, MA Huxley
LR196 An investigation of the perfomance of nine major roads
having cement-bound granular bases, WA Lewis, BA Broad
LR198 Field trial of the construction of a cement-stabilized
chalk sub-base by the mix-in-place process, RG Pocock
LR199 Influence of strength on the performance of concrete
slabs. Report on performance after 12 years of
experimental road at Llangyfelach, JR Nowak
LR208 Damage to roads by studded tyres, LE Hogbin, JC Tanner
LR211 An automatic EVT viscometer, PJ Codling
LR215 Effect of road surface irregularities and structural
variability on dynamic pressures under flexible roads,
SAH Morris, JW Galloway
LR216 Factors affecting the Polished Stone Value tests,
JR Hosking
LR217 The repair of spalled concrete surfaces with thin
concrete patches: an experiment on trunk road A34 at
Stafford, GE Higgins, CH Peters
LR218 Construction and instrumentation of an experimental
concrete road on trunk road A1 Tuxford Bypass, to
determine the effect of omitting expansion joints,
EE Lock
LR220 Sealing joints in concrete roads: a full-scale experiment
on trunk road A46 at Widmerpool, Nottinghamshire,
1965, MG White
LR225 Some measurements of braking force coefficient on six
airfield test surfacings, GC Staughton
LR233 An examination of cone penetrometer methods for
determining the liquid limit of soils, PT Sherwood,
DM Ryley
LR236 The depth of rain water on road surfaces, NF Ross,
K Russam
LR242 Investigations into road building practice in the tropics.
Studies of the mixing and compaction of cement
stabilized bases on two road construction schemes in
Sierra Leone, MP OReilly, LS Hitch, AE Pollard
LR243 Research on pavement design, ME Burt, BE Sabey
LR248 The structural performance of experimental concrete
housing estate roads, JM Gregory
LR250 Treatments to retexture a worn concrete surface of a
high-speed road, DE Weller, DP Maynard
LR256 The cost of constructing and maintaining flexible and
concrete pavements over 50 years
LR259 Measurement of long-term strain on full-scale
experimental concrete slabs, FP Potocki
LR260 The effect of test methods on the indirect tensile
strength of concrete, DF Cornelius, RE Franklin, TMJ King
LR266 The effect of weather conditions on early strains in
concrete slabs, RE Franklin
LR267 Early trafficking of thin concrete patches, DE Steed,
IE Lancaster
LR268 Laboratory tests to evaluate the performance of
corrosion inhibitors for road de-icing salt, DE Steed
LR269 The performance of fine cold asphalt in experiments on
roads carrying heavy or medium traffic, HG Barnes,
DM Colwill
LR274 The influence of topography on the duration of ice-
forming conditions on a road surface, MH Milloy,
JS Humphreys
LR275 Use of gravel tarmacadam bases in heavily trafficked
roads, RR Addis
LR276 A system for the judgement of compliance with
specifications for rolled asphalt to BS 594, R Hardman
LR279 Roadmaking materials and pavement design in tropical
and subtropical countries, MP OReilly, R Millard
LR286 A study of the economics of stage construction for road
pavements, EN Thrower
LR290 Methods of texturing new concrete road surfaces to
provide adequate skidding resistance, DE Weller,
DP Maynard
LR293 Research on low-grade and unsound aggregates,
JR Hosking, LW Tubey
LR296 Instrumentation of the full-scale experiment on A1
trunk road at Conington, Huntingdonshire, JF Potter,
HC Mayhew, AP Mayo
LR297 Asphaltic concrete made with crushed rock: a full-scale
experiment on A80 at Easterton, Stirlingshire, 1967,
MH Milloy, LH Swanson
LR298 Trials of the manufacture and machine laying of mastic
asphalt, DH Mathews, BW Ferne
LR299 The specification of concrete strength: Part 1. The
statistical implications of some current specifications
and codes of practice, JB Metcalf
LR303 Electrical road heating, PJ Williamson, LE Hogbin
LR304 Report on the Highway Research Boards maintenance
management workshop, 1968, PJF Wingate
LR305 The use of modified tars in tarmacadam wearing
course, EH Green
LR307 A bituminous surface-texture experiment, High
Wycombe Bypass (M40), A Please, BJ OConnell, BF Buglass
LR308 Resistance to cracking of rubberized asphalt: full-scale
experiment on trunk road A6 in Leicestershire,
WS Szatkowski
LR319 The role of the binder in the maintenance of resistance
to skidding of dense asphaltic surfacings under heavy
traffic, A Please, DR Lamb
LR323 The effect of tread pattern depth on skidding resistance,
GC Staughton
LR324 The effect of sulphates in colliery shale on its use for
roadmaking, PT Sherwood, MD Ryley
LR327 A symposium on the method of coating the
construction and maintenance of road pavements held
at the Road Research Laboratory December 1969
LR328 The use of cement-stabilized chalk in road construction,
RG Pocock
LR333 The use of an accelerated wear machine to examine the
skidding resistance of concrete surfaces, DE Weller,
DP Maynard
LR334 The influence of materials and mix design on the skid
resistance value and texture depth of concrete,
DE Weller, DP Maynard
LR335 A review of the low speed skidding resistance of a
number of concrete roads containing various
aggregates, DE Weller
LR337 Belt conveyors in road construction, AW Parsons, BA Broad
LR345 The full-scale reinforced concrete experiment on the
Grantham Bypass performance during the first six years,
JR Nowak
LR349 The full-scale unreinforced concrete experiment on
Longford-Stanwell road, B379 performance during the
first twenty years, JR Nowak, J Gaunt
LR353 A gauge for the measurement of transient and long-
term displacements in road pavements, NW Lister,
AP Mayo
LR360 A comparison of the performance of tarbound road
bases in four full-scale road experiments, DF Hinkley
LR363 Air-entrained concretes:a survey of factors affecting air
content and a study of concrete workability, DF Cornelius
LR364 Studies of the accelerated curing of concrete test
specimens, DF Cornelius, RE Franklin
LR366 Report to the Marshall Committee on the organisation
and standards of highway maintenance
LR367 The Marshall Committees recommendations for
standards of highway maintenance and for a
maintenance rating system
LR369 Air-photograph interpretation for road engineers in
Britain, MJ Dumbleton, G West
LR370 Full-scale road experiments using rubberized surfacing
materials, PD Thompson, WS Szatkowski
LR375 Deflection criteria for flexible pavements, NW Lister
LR386 The drying properties of flint gravels, DC Pike
LR400 Bitumen macadam for resurfacing roads carrying
medium traffic. Full-scale experiment on A50 at
Thornby, Northants, EH Green
LR405 Review of literature on compaction of bituminous
materials, WD Powell
LR433 Thermal stresses in bituminous flexible pavements,
PB Still
LR438 Temperature frequency distributions in flexible road
pavements, J Forsgate
LR442 Future research on bituminous materials at the Road
Research Laboratory, ME Burt, JH Nicholas
LR444 Strengthening of flexible roads in the tropics: the use of
deflection measurements, JN Bulman
LR445 Replica techniques for the study of roadstones by
scanning electron microscopy, G Neville
LR447 Compactability of graded aggregates 1. Standard
laboratory tests, DC Pike
LR454 The construction and performance of experimental
concrete road slabs on A46 Thurmaston Bypass,
JM Gregory
LR456 Coated chippings for rolled asphalt, EH Green,
FV Montgomery
LR460 The effect of the revision of Road Note No 29 on
reinforcement requirements for reinforced concrete
pavements, JM Gregory
LR465 Experience with the Fischer and Porter vehicle-counter
under tropical conditions, DH Blackmore, JDGF Howe
LR466 Aggregates for resin-bound skid-resistant road
surfacings, JR Hosking, LW Tubey
LR467 Synthetic aggregates of high resistance to polishing.
Part 2 Corundum-rich aggregates, LW Tubey, JR Hosking
LR471 Effects of secondary compaction on the fatigue
performance of a hot-rolled asphalt, RD Raithby,
JT Ramshaw
LR476 Soil stabilization in Africa, JN Bulman
LR488 British arenaceous rocks for skid-resistant road
surfacings, JR Hawkes, JR Hosking
LR489 The development of a corrosion inhibitor for addition to
road de-icing salt, RR Bishop
LR490 Road surface reflection characteristics, BE Sabey
LR496 Some effects of loading history on the fatigue
performance of rolled asphalt, KD Raithby, AB Sterling
LR504 The effect of traffic and aggregate on the skidding
resistance of bituminous surfacings, WS Szatkowski,
JR Hosking
LR505 The use of accelerated strength tests for the site control
of concrete, AC Edwards, RE Franklin
LR506 Terrain evaluation in West Malaysia Part 1. Terrain
classification and survey methods, CJ Lawrance
LR507 A full-scale pavement-design experiment in Malaysia
construction and first four years performance,
JN Bulman, HR Smith
LR508 Progress in pavement design, ME Burt
LR510 A guide to levels of skidding resistance for roads, GF Salt,
WS Szatkowski
LR512 The design and construction of joints in concrete
pavements, BS Parmenter
LR519 A comparison of binders for retention of texture of
rolled asphalt: physical tests, N Wright, DR Lamb
LR523 Arabian salt-bearing soil (Sabkha) as an engineering
material, CI Ellis
LR524 Slurry seals with calcined-bauxite aggregate, N Wright
LR525 A deflection survey technique for pavement evaluation
in developing countries, HR Smith
LR527 The effect of fillers on the characteristics of sand-cement
mixtures, HE Bofinger, CG Duffell
LR528 Surface dressings for heavily trafficked roads: results
after 10 years of the full-scale experiment on A30
Blackbushe, Hants, N Wright
LR537 Axle loads on the M1 motorway at Friars Wash,
Hertfordshire, AC Whiffin, JW Granger
LR542 Effect of resistance to skidding on accidents: surface
dressing on elevated section of M4 motorway, MM Miller,
HD Johnson
LR552 The reproducibility and repeatability of the PSV
determination, LW Tubey, PG Jordan
LR553 The effect of aggregate on the skidding resistance of
bituminous surfacings: factors other than resistance to
polishing, JR Hosking
LR563 Pervious bitumen-macadam surfacings laid to reduce
splash and spray at Stonebridge, Warwickshire, JR Brown
LR571 Pavement deflection measurements and their
application to structural maintenance and overlay
design (superseded by TRL Laboratory Reports LR833,
LR834 and LR835), PJ Norman, RA Snowdon, JC Jacobs
LR578 Instrumentation for a fully automatic asphalt mixing
plant, R Weeks
LR579 Notes on the Third International Conference on the
Structural Design of Asphalt Pavements, London,
September 1972
LR584 Shear-box tests on graded aggregates, DC Pike
LR588 Experimental production of calcined bauxite for use as
road aggregate, JR Hosking, LW Tubey
LR594 Theoretical evaluation of the effect of temperature on
the fatigue behaviour of bituminous road-bases,
ME Nunn
LR596 Experimental thick-lift construction of gravel asphalt at
Sevenoaks Bypass (A21), J Gaunt, WD Powell
LR600 The compaction of soils and stabilized bases on roads in
East Africa, MP OReilly
LR606 The economics of the operation of construction traffic
on the sub-base of a road pavement, R Hardman,
BS Heaton, PG Jordan, R Abell
LR612 Continuously reinforced concrete pavements: a report
of the study group, JM Gregory, AE Burks, VA Pink
LR614 Surface dressing: a survey of windscreen damage,
N Wright
LR615 Highway authorities maintenance organisation,
BS Parmenter, IE Lancaster, BE Cox
LR616 Morainic gravels in bituminous surfacings: results from
six Scottish road experiments, LH Swanson
LR619 Levels of compaction of dense coated macadam
achieved during pavement construction, D Leech,
WD Powell
LR621 A study of the mechanism of polishing of roadstones by
traffic, G Neville
LR640 The skidding resistance of concrete: the effect of
materials under site conditions, RE Franklin, AJJ Calder
LR719 The distribution of temperatures in experimental
pavements at Alconbury Bypass, AH Wilson
LR724 Modified rolling to improve compaction of dense
coated macadam, D Leech, NW Selves
LR727 Rolling requirements to improve compaction of dense
roadbase and basecourse macadam, WD Powell, D Leech
LR728 The use of waste and low-grade materials in road
construction. 4 Incinerated refuse, PG Roe
LR729 Prediction of cooling curves for hot-mix paving
materials by a computer program, PG Jordan, ME Thomas
LR736 Surface dressing on concrete roads, N Wright
LR737 Measurement of skidding resistance. Part i. Guide to the
use of SCRIM, JR Hosking, GC Woodford
LR738 Measurement of skidding resistance. Part ii. factors
affecting the slipperiness of a road surface, JR Hosking,
GC Woodford
LR739 Measurement of skidding resistance. Part iii. factors
affecting SCRIM measurements, JR Hosking, GC Woodford
LR753 Techniques for the interpretation of remote sensing
imagery for purposes, TE Beaumont
LR763 Axle-loads on paved roads in Kenya, TE Jones
LR764 Trial of a wire-fibre-reinforced concrete overlay on a
motorway, JW Galloway, JM Gregory
LR777 An acceptance test for bitumen for rolled-asphalt
wearing course, EH Green
LR781 A computer program to analyse the economics of the
trafficking of a sub-base pavement, P Jordan, R Abell
LR784 Deformation of road pavements: correlation between
elastic theory and measured behaviour of rolled-asphalt
road-bases, JF Potter
LR795 Pavement performance and deflection studies on
Malaysian roads, JN Bulman, HR Smith
LR810 Stress invariants and mechanical testing of pavement
materials, EN Thrower
LR813 The development of slip-planes in rolled asphalt
surfacings, CK Kennedy
LR817 The use of waste and low-grade materials in road
construction. 5 China clay sand, LW Tubey
LR818 The use of waste and low-grade materials in road
construction. 6 Spent oil shale, J Burns
LR819 The use of wastes and low grade materials in road
construction. 7 Miscellaneous waste, PT Sherwood,
LW Tubey, PG Roe
LR828 Site investigation in Scotland, GD Matheson, WG Keir
LR833 Prediction of pavement performance and the design of
overlays, CK Kennedy, NW Lister
LR834 Pavement deflection: equipment for measurement in
the United Kingdom, CK Kennedy, P Fevre, CS Clarke
LR835 Pavement deflection: operating procedures for use in
the United Kingdom, CK Kennedy
LR844 The design of new road pavements and of overlays:
estimation of commercial traffic flows, EN Thrower,
LWE Castledine
LR855 Optimisation of selective competitive tendering system
by the construction client, RH Johnson
LR863 Estimating highway construction costs: program
COSMOS, P Ostler, AC Bailey, JP Stott
LR867 Epoxy-resin/calcined bauxite surface dressing on A1,
Sandy, Bedfordshire: skid-resistance measurements
1968 to 1977, JH Denning
LR870 Deformation testing of dense coated macadam: effect
of method of specimen compaction, ME Nunn
LR886 Performance of sections of the Nairobi to Mombasa
road in Kenya, HR Smith, TE Jones, CR Jones
LR887 The concrete pavement-design experiment on trunk
road A1 at Alconbury Hill: twenty years performance,
JR Nowak
LR891 Trials of a modified specification for compacting dense
roadbase and basecourse coated macadam, D Leech
LR892 A parametric study of a fatigue prediction model for
bituminous road pavements, EN Thrower
LR894 Horizontal alignment optimization test of program
NOAH on a motorway scheme, HEH Davies, J Broughton
LR898 The distribution of aggregates results of computer
modelling studies, N Wright, MH Glover, BA Shane
LR912 The effect of travel costs on the design of highway
alignments, J Broughton
LR922 Evaluation of the TRRL high-speed profilometer, PB Still,
PG Jordan
LR927 Design of a bypass using horizontal alignment
optimisation program NOAH, J Broughton
LR935 Measurement of pavement deflections in tropical and
sub-tropical climates, HR Smith, CR Jones
LR936 Deflection-temperature relationships for bituminous
road surfacings in Kenya, CR Jones, HR Smith
LR950 Seismic refraction surveys for purposes, M Stewart,
PJ Beaven
LR957 Estimating resources and costs for highway works
development of the rate system, BS Parmenter
LR963 Improvements in rolled asphalt surfacings by the
addition of sulphur, JH Denning, J Carswell
LR979 Relative damaging power of wheel loads in mixed
traffic, RR Addis, RA Whitmarsh
LR982 The effect of pulverised fuel ash on the strength of
pavement-quality concrete, RE Franklin
LR989 Improvements in rolled asphalt surfacings by the
addition of organic polymers, JH Denning, J Carswell
LR996 The effect of a fabric membrane on the structural
behaviour of a granular road pavement, JF Potter,
EWH Currer
LR1003 Hot rolled asphalt: effect of binder properties on
resistance to deformation, FA Jacobs
LR1019 Surface dressing in developing countries: research in
Kenya, LS Hitch
LR1022 The contribution of pervious macadam surfacing to the
structural performance of roads, JF Potter, AR Halliday
LR1029 The permittivity of bitumen: determination using a
concentric-electrode dual-capacitor, ME Daines
LR1037 Measurement of rut depths in road surfaces by the TRRL
high-speed profilometer, PG Jordan, PB Still
LR1043 Early performance of some experimental bituminous
overlays in Kenya, HR Smith, CR Jones
LR1049 Variable step-lengths for non-linear structural analysis,
MA Crisfield
LR1050 Fatigue resistance of a bituminous road pavement
design for very heavy traffic, RTN Goddard
LR1060 A dense coated roadbase macadam of improved
performance, D Leech
LR1065 M40 High Wycombe Bypass: results of a bituminous
surface-texture experiment, FA Jacobs
LR1069 Economics of staged construction of flexible road
pavements, R Abell
LR1073 Evaluation of a fully automatic asphalt mixing plant,
BW Ferne
LR1082 A33 Winchester Bypass: the performance of rolled
asphalts designed by the Marshall Test, FA Jacobs
LR1083 Evaluation of a microprocessor system for bump-
integrators, PB Still, MH Burtwell, JC Young
LR1084 An improved data collection method for the CHART
highway maintenance system, J Pynn, DE Weller
LR1088 Resilient properties of unbound roadbase under
repeated triaxial loading, HC Mayhew
LR1093 Performance of unsealed roads in Ghana, PWDH Roberts
LR1101 Assessment of Novophalt as a binder for rolled asphalt
wearing course, JH Denning, J Carswell
LR1102 Compaction of bituminous road materials using
vibratory rollers, WD Powell, D Leech
LR1110 Dust emission from unpaved roads in Kenya, TE Jones
LR1111 The Kenya maintenance study on unpaved roads:
research on deterioration, TE Jones
LR1112 The Kenya maintenance study on unpaved roads:
optimum maintenance strategies, TE Jones
LR1122 The location, selection and use of calcrete for
bituminous road construction in Botswana, CJ Lawrance,
T Toole
LR1123 The performance of a flexible pavement constructed on
a strong fabric, AR Halliday, JF Potter
LR1125 Measurement and assessment of unevenness on major
roads, PG Jordan
LR1132 The structural design of bituminous roads, WD Powell,
JF Potter, HC Mayhew, ME Nunn
Supplementary Reports (19731985)
SR18 uc Interim report of the advisory panel on concrete road
construction (19721973)
SR20 uc The use of unburnt colliery shale in road construction,
CK Fraser
SR22 uc The design of rolled asphalt: a full-scale experiment on
A33 Winchester Bypass 1972, ME Daines
SR26 uc Bump-integrator measurements in routine assessment
of highway maintenance needs, WG Keir
SR42 uc Village scale production of lime for road construction in
Ghana, CI Ellis
SR50 uc Surface dressing on hard substrates: a full-scale
experiment to study the effect of aggregate grading,
A20 Swanley, Kent (1973), N Wright
SR52 uc The performance of open-textured macadam
surfacings on trunk road A30 at Blackbushe, Hampshire,
EH Green
SR56 uc Problems in the analysis of dense slag-tarmacadam,
SG Bond, IH Czarnecki
SR71 uc Full-scale experiment to study staged pavement
construction Grangemouth, Stirlingshire. As-built
record, CK Fraser, LH Swanson
SR74 uc Black deposits on motorways. Interim report to
December 1973, EH Green
SR78 uc The skidding resistance of concrete: relationships
between laboratory and site measurements, RE Franklin,
DP Maynard
SR86 uc Wet road skidding resistance the relative contribution
of the tyre and of road surface texture, GN Lupton,
T Williams
SR99 uc A method for producing standard surfaces to calibrate
the portable skid-resistance tester, AJJ Calder
SR100 uc Pavement stresses and mechanical triaxial testing of
pavement materials, EN Thrower
SR103 uc Effect of turning and braking on the polishing of
roadstone by traffic, JR Hosking, LW Tubey
SR105 uc A pilot-scale study of slag/calcined-bauxite aggregate of
high polishing resistance, NB Sweetman
SR107 uc The aggregates industry: some possible effects of
technical requirements and innovations, A Silverleaf
SR111 uc Measurement of the elastic properties of granular
materials using a resonance method, RG Robinson
SR122 The effect on the landscape of borrow-pits used in
major roadworks, PT Sherwood, PG Roe
SR125 uc A full-scale experiment to examine improved
bituminous surfacings for heavily trafficked motorways
M1, 1973, FA Jacobs
SR395 Rural road appraisal methods for developing countries,
DIN Bovill
SR400 Road surface irregularity and vehicle ride Part 2 Riding
comfort in cars driven by the public, DRC Cooper, JC Young
SR498 Measurements of the macro texture of roads Part 1.
Trials with the contactless sensor on motorway M1,
JR Hosking, PB Still
SR503 Labour-intensive road construction, R Robinson
SR527 Effect of simple road improvement measures on vehicle
operating costs in the Eastern Caribbean, H Hide, D Keith
SR537 Pavement engineering in developing countries, CI Ellis
SR550 Proposed warning levels for the structural maintenance
of flexible roads, DE Weller
SR561 A study of blends of Trinidad Lake asphalt and bitumen
in rolled asphalt, FA Jacobs
SR571 The effect on traffic speeds of resurfacing a road,
DRC Cooper, PG Jordan, JC Young
SR573 Surface dressing: assessment of road surface hardness,
N Wright
SR599 Bitumen from a North Sea source: assessment for road
use, ME Daines
SR604 Developments in the calibration and use of the bump-
integrator for ride assessment, PG Jordan, JC Young
SR610 Review of published research into the formation of
corrugations on unpaved roads, W Heath, R Robinson
SR623 Tensile and compressive strength of some stabilised
road bases in Kenya, CR Jones, HR Smith
SR624 The cooling effects of temperature and wind on rolled
asphalt surfacings, JR Brown
SR626 Deformation resistance of dense coated macadams:
effect of compaction and binder content, D Leech,
NW Selves
SR627 Guide to road surface dressing practice, JR Nelson,
R Hardman
SR632 Inexpensive aerial photography for highway
engineering and traffic studies, W Heath
SR642 Measurement of skidding resistance. Part v. the
precision of SCRIM measurements, JR Hosking, LW Tubey
SR647 Rating scales measures of central tendency and
sample sizes, AO Grigg
SR653 The design of experimental concrete carriageways on
M180 (Sandtoft to Trent section), JM Gregory
SR655 Road surfacings and noise inside saloon cars, JC Young,
PG Jordan
SR670 The selection of geometric design standards for rural
roads in developing countries, R Robinson
SR675 In-situ recycling of asphalt wearing courses in the UK,
GD Goodsall
SR682 The construction of experimental concrete
carriageways on M180 (Sandtoft to Trent section),
JM Gregory
SR690 Terrain evaluation and remote sensing for in developing
countries. Proceedings of a symposium held at OECD,
Paris, 1214 September 1979
SR696 Noise from vehicles running on open textured road
surfaces, PM Nelson, NF Ross
SR706 Pavement thickness, surface evenness and construction
practice, JC McLellan
SR714 Analysis of fresh concrete: repeatability and
reproducibility by the rapid analysis machine,
AC Edwards, GD Goodsall
SR715 Analysis of fresh concrete: repeatability and
reproducibility by the pressure-filter method, AC Edwards
SR717 Standards for compaction of dense roadbase
macadam, WD Powell, D Leech
SR720 The estimation of traffic for road pavement design. The
proceedings of a seminar held at the Transport and
Road Research Laboratory, Crowthorne, 23 March 1981
SR729 Natural asphalts: their occurrence, properties and use
in road construction in Columbia, JWF Dowling,
L Rodolfo Franco, RBC Russell
SR736 The use of pulverised fuel ash in lean concrete
roadbases. Part 1 Laboratory studies, RE Franklin,
WE Gibbs, PT Sherwood
SR737 Surface dressing: testing binder distributors for
uniformity of transverse distribution, N Wright
SR738 An analysis of texture depth measurements on
motorway M58 (contracts 1 and 3), ME Daines
SR742 The continuously reinforced concrete overlay on trunk
road A3 at Horndean, JM Gregory
SR743 Modifications to the PSV test: new solid tyres and
control stone, JR Hosking, LW Tubey
SR744 Surface characteristics of roads resurfaced using the
repave process, DRC Cooper, JC Young
SR754 Nuclear gauges for measuring the density of roadbase
macadam: report of a working party
SR762 The performance of surface dressed roads in Ghana,
PWDH Roberts
SR790 The conduct of road maintenance in Ghana,
PWDH Roberts, PK Gaituah
SR798 High performance surface dressing: 3. Properties of
thermosetting binders related to road performance,
JH Denning, J Carswell
SR803 Continuously reinforced concrete overlays of flexible
pavements on Trunk Road A2, JM Gregory
SR814 An investigation of the extra costs arising on highway
contracts, AP Tyrrell, LM Lake, AW Parsons
SR816 Bitumen permittivity and texture depth of rolled
asphalt: an experiment on motorway M4, ME Daines
SR819 An experiment to investigate rolled asphalts with
crushed-rock fine aggregate: A303 Mere, Wiltshire,
FA Jacobs
SR829 Specification for the TRRL frost-heave test, PG Roe,
DC Webster
SR831 Errors in the sampling and testing of sub-base
aggregates, PT Sherwood, DC Pike
SR838 The use of pulverised fuel ash in lean concrete
roadbases. Part 2: Pilot-scale trials, HM Harding, JF Potter
SR842 The use of pulverised fuel ash in lean concrete
roadbases. Part 3: Field studies, JF Potter, PT Sherwood,
MGD OConnor
PA-INF-4219-05 The feasibility of recycling thin surfacing
systems, JC Nicholls
PA-INF-4229-05 A continuing study of the skid resistance
performance of BOS Slag used as a road surface
course aggregate, PG Roe
PA-INF-4235-05 Construction of road foundations on soft
ground using lightweight tyre bales, MG Winter,
PE Johnson, JM Reid
PA-INF-4406-05 Tyre and road surface parameters affecting tyre/
road noise, G Watts, P Abbott
PA-INF-4497-05 The UK Highways Agencys advice notes on
the non-destructive testing of highway
structures, MC Forde, B Hill, I Kennedy Reid, RJ Woo
PA-INF-4655-05 Maximising recycling in local authority highway
works the experience of Hampshire County
Council, M Reid, J Lovell, T Lomas, S Fryer, C Nicholls,
V Mouillet, F Deygout, B Koenders, P Samuel
PA-INF-5685-06 Procedures for identifying hazards in
component materials for asphalt, C Nicholls,
P Samuel, M Reid, J Lovell, T Lomas, S Fryer, A Harding,
L Allen, M Dudley
PR-INF-4237-05 Sustainable maintenance of roads using cold
recycling techniques (Smart Project), M Nunn,
I Carswell, D Merrill
PR-INF-4337-05 Review of UK skid resistance policy, H Viner,
R Sinhal, T Parry
This section covers: incident detection, motorway tolling,
route guidance, variable message signs. Applications of ITS
may also be found in Trafc Engineering.
TRL Reports (1995 )
TRL126 Congestion in urban areas caused by incidents,
DR Leonard
TRL217 Traffic congestion incident detection, DJ Bowers,
RD Bretherton, GT Bowen, GT Wall
TRL220 Review of the potential benefits of road transport
telematics. Volume 1 Main Report. Volume 2 (Parts A
& B) Technical Annex, KE Perrett, A Stevens, IJ Wilkinson,
PF Masurel, JM Hopkin (Ed)
TRL345 Measures for accessing on-board units for electronic toll
collection Parts 1 and 2, J Holder, J Sutherland
TRL348 User requirements of on-board units for electronic fee
collection, PT McCabe
TRL350 Radiation safety standards for electronic fee collection
and enforcement equipment, AJ Lines, A Stevens
TRL354 Toll enforcement using numberplates, G Gaunt, A Stevens
TRL355 The potential for the evasion of electronic motorway
toll systems, G Maycock, C Corbett
TRL359 A preliminary study on in-vehicle interfaces for
electronic toll collection, D Watts, J Rattle, A Stevens
TRL361 Review of tolling and communications aspects of the
US National Architecture, J Holder, A Stevens
TRL383 Automatic incident detection on the M1 motorway,
I Summersgill, C Rhodes, M Frew, T Rees
TRL419 Summary of the EUROTOLL project, MJ Ingrey, PR Fouracre
TRL526 Safety and effectiveness of the wider use of VMS final
report, BR Cooper, J Mitchell
TRL540 EU Statement of Principles for HMI final report,
AC Board, A Stevens
TRL556 MS4 Off-road research summary report, BR Cooper,
M Freeman, JC Mitchell
TRL594 Estimating origin to destination travel by automatically
reading licence plates, BA Frith, T Sutch
TRL609 Occlusion as a technique for measuring In-Vehicle
Information System (IVIS) visual distraction: a research
literature review, A Stevens, S Bygrave, N Brook-Carter, T Luke
Published Project Reports (2004 )
PPR008 Design guidelines for usability and safety of In-Vehicle
Information System (IVIS) user manual, S Bygrave,
N Brook-Carter
PPR009 In-Vehicle Information System (IVIS) user manual
usability and safety checklist, N Brook-Carter
PPR011 Occlusion: practical aspects of the occlusion method
to measure visual loading and task interruptability,
N Brook-Carter, A Stevens, N Reed, S Thompson
PPR091 Guidelines for safe and effective vehicle routing,
S Thompson, A Stevens, A Maxwell, K Wood
PPR093 Routing assessment of dynamic route guidance
systems, K Wood, A Maxwell, A Stevens, S Thompson
PPR175 A Code of Practice for developing advance driver
assistance systems: final report on work in the
RESPONSE 3 project, S Cotter, J Hopkin, K Wood
PPR256 Development of an Occlusion Protocol with design
limits for assessing driver visual demand, T Horberry,
A Stevens, S Cotter, R Robbins, G Burnett
PPR259 Occlusion Protocol, T Horberry, A Stevens, S Cotter, R Robbins,
G Burnett
PPR294 Research on the manufacturing of DSRC tags: summary
of results for publication, DW Tindall
PPR345 Scoping study of driver distraction, D Basacik, A Stevens
PPR389 Update of the safety checklist for the assessment of in-
vehicle information systems: a scoping study, S Cynk,
D Basacik
PPR470 UK eCall impact assessment, A Stevens, J Hopkin
Annual Research Reviews
ARR2004 Annual Research Review 2004
ARR2005 Annual Research Review 2005
ARR2006 Annual Research Review 2006
ARR2007 Annual Research Review 2007
ARR2008 Annual Research Review 2008
ARR2009 Annual Research Review 2009
Research Reports (19851993)
RR232 Driver response to teletext monitors at service areas on
the M1 motorway, GA Coe
RR252 Motorway access control: implementation and
assessment of Britains first ramp metering scheme,
D Owens, MJ Schofield
RR348 The effects of dynamic route guidance in London,
B Stoneman
Laboratory Reports (19661985)
LR177 RRL computer-aided technical information service,
PE Mongar
LR509 Runtime storage allocation and control of modular
computer models, MR Wigan
LR511 A dynamic model building system using virtual
memory, MR Wigan
LR557 The effects of network structure on the benefits
derivable from road pricing, MR Wigan, TJG Bamford
LR559 An equilibrium model of bus and car travel over a road
network, MR Wigan, TJG Bamford
LR566 A comparative network simulation of different methods
of traffic restraint, MR Wigan, TJG Bamford
LR959 Generating colour shaded images by computer: VIGIL,
an aid to highway design, GN Lupton
LR997 The potential benefits of route guidance, DJ Jeffery
LR1075 A new motorway signal, KS Rutley, AR Hodge, CJ Lines
Supplementary Reports (19731985)
SR62 uc General purpose tabulation system-instructions for
users, P Harris
SR506 Report of the working group on the broadcasting of
traffic information
SR526 Automatic incident detection TRRL algorithms HIOCC
and PATREG, JF Collins, CM Hopkins, JA Martin
SR603 Traffic information broadcasting: driver reaction to two
kinds of traffic message a pilot study, D Owens
SR630 The generation of integrated public transport travel
information by computer, MW Pickett
SR775 Automatic incident detection experience with TRRL
algorithm HIOCC, JF Collins
SR833 The application of microelectronics to the control of
highway tunnels, HJ Bennett, MF Chudleigh, MP Halbert,
GKA Oswald
PA3536/99 A safety checklist for the assessment of
in-vehicle information systems: a users manual,
A Stevens, A Board, P Allen, A Quimby
PA3721/01 Design guidelines for safety of in-vehicle
information systems, A Stevens, A Quimby, A Board,
T Kersloot, P Bur
PA-TR-4223-05 The European statement of principles on
human machine interaction 2005, A Stevens,
A Hallen, A Pauzie, B Vezier, C Gelau, L Eckstein, T Victor,
W Koenig, V Moutal, W Hoefs
PA-TR-4224-05 Defining driver distraction, M Pettitt, G Burnett,
A Stevens
PA-TRS-5585-06 Results from the demonstration of interoperable
road user end-to-end charging and telematics
systems (Directs), D Tindall (TRL), N Lumb (Atkins UK)
This section covers sustainable transport, energy use, resource
management and sustainable construction.
Insight Reports (2009 )
INS006 A route to low-carbon mobility in developing countries,
A Binsted, H Dalkmann
INS007 Increasing the environmental sustainability of asphalt,
JC Nicholls, I Carswell, M Wayman, JM Reid
TRL Reports (1995 )
TRL489 The processing of contaminated land in highway works,
JM Reid, GT Clark
TRL651 Maximising the use of recycled and secondary
aggregates: examples from Hampshire, JM Reid, J Pittman,
CR Sowerby, J Hibbert
Published Project Reports (2004 )
PPR031 Feasibility study: highways as renewable energy
sources, DR Carder
PPR032 The feasibility of trials of renewable energy generation
in highways, DR Carder
PPR045 Tyre bales in construction: case studies, MG Winter,
JM Reid, PIJ Griffiths
PPR057 Optimising the use of recycled and secondary
aggregates in Hampshire, CR Sowerby, J Lovell, JM Reid
PPR058 Hampshire County Council: material resources stratetgy
construction waste and soil, CR Sowerby, JM Reid
PPR080 Tyre bales in construction, MG Winter, GRA Watts,
PE Johnson
PPR094 The feasibility of recycled plastic railway sleepers,
RW Jordan, G Morris
PPR178 M27 trial of highway noise barriers as solar energy
generators, DR Carder, KJ Barker
PPR184 The effects of climate change on highway pavements
and how to minimise them technical report, T Willway,
L Baldachin, S Reeves, M Harding, M McHale, M Nunn
PPR233 Sustainable choice of materials for highway works: a
guide for Local Authority highway engineers, JM Reid,
JWE Chandler, I Schiavi, A Hewitt, R Griffiths, E Bendall
PPR302 Performance of an interseasonal heat transfer facility for
collection, storage and re-use of solar heat from the
road surface, DR Carder, KJ Barker, MG Hewitt, D Ritter, A Kiff
PPR334 Improved mechanisms for funding of local transport:
DISTILLATE funding project research report, C Brannigan,
A Binsted, N Paulley
PPR395 Life cycle assessment of the use of solid waste materials
in highway construction, M Wayman, B Cordell, E Houghton
PPR399 Carplus annual survey of car clubs 20082009, D Myers,
S Cairns
PPR407 Local air quality management further assessment at
Olney, J Price, A Savage, K Turpin
PPR417 Factors influencing energy performance of modern
conservatories, L Bektashi-Brown, D Bond
PPR476 Carplus annual survey of car clubs 20092010, C Harmer,
S Cairns
TRF Fellowship Lectures (2001 )
MISC3 Recycling in transport infrastructure, JM Reid,
JWE Chandler
MISC23 Sustainable bridges through innovative advances,
AE Long
Annual Research Reviews
ARR2004 Annual Research Review 2004
ARR2005 Annual Research Review 2005
ARR2006 Annual Research Review 2006
ARR2007 Annual Research Review 2007
ARR2008 Annual Research Review 2008
ARR2009 Annual Research Review 2009
Viridis Reports (20022005)
VR1 Foamix: pilot scale trials and design considerations,
M Nunn, N Thom
VR2 Tyre waste and resource management: a mass balance
approach, AB Hird, PJ Griffiths, RA Smith
VR3 The status of post-consumer tyres in the European
Union, VL Shulman
VR4 The Construction Industry Mass Balance: resource use,
(revised) wastes, RA Smith, JR Kersey, PJ Griffiths
VR5 Civil engineering applications of tyres, KN Hylands,
V Shulman
VR6 Sustainable resource use in the motor industry: a mass
balance approach, L Elghali, V McColl-Grubb, I Schiavi,
P Griffiths
VR7 Best integrated transport options for waste in Scotland,
P Griffiths, A Colston, C Dunkerley, KN Hylands
VR8 Design guide for applications of sandstone quarry sand
in South Wales, MJ Lamb
This section covers: accident prevention; causes and costs of
accidents; driver and road user behaviour; driver training and
testing; road safety education; elderly and disabled drivers;
pedestrian, cyclist and motorcyclist behaviour.
Insight Reports (2009 )
INS002 Driver distraction from in-vehicle sources. A review of
TRL research, D Basacik, R Robbins
INS005 How can we produce safer new drivers? S Helman,
GB Grayson, AM Parkes
TRL Reports (1995 )
TRL127 Transport supplementary grant for safety schemes.
Local authorities schemes from 1992/93 allocations,
WJ Tootill, AM Mackie
TRL147 Car driver training and licensing systems in Europe.
Report on behalf of Forum of European Road
Safety Research Institutes (FERSI) and supported by
European Commission Transport Directorate (DG VII),
D Lynam, D Twisk
TRL148 Road safety education: good practice in Hertfordshire,
J Sykes, W Broome, K OLeary, G Harland
TRL149 Road safety education good practice in Sheffield,
M Noble, S Kenny, K OLeary, G Harland
TRL151 A survey of Department of Transport approved driving
instructors, J Lester
TRL154 Attitudes to cycle helmets a qualitative study,
ME Halliday, C White, H Finch, K Ward
TRL156 Cycle helmet wearing in Great Britain, SB Taylor,
ME Halliday
TRL163 Valuation of road accidents, JM Hopkin, HF Simpson
TRL168 Falling asleep at the wheel, JA Horne, LA Reyner
TRL169 Driver sleepiness as a factor in car and HGV accidents,
G Maycock
TRL170 Regional differences in road safety: a Northern Ireland
perspective, J Broughton, H Simpson
TRL171 The likely effects of downsizing on driver casualties in
two-car accidents, J Broughton
TRL173 Comparison of hospital and police casualty data: a
national study, HF Simpson
TRL179 Trials on platform edge tactile surfaces, T Savill, G Davies,
A Fowkes, C Gallon, B Simms
TRL198 In-car equipment to help drivers avoid accidents,
J Broughton, KA Markey
TRL201 Count-down signs and roundel markings trials, J Barker,
RD Helliar-Symons
TRL208 Assessing driving fitness following brain injury or illness:
a research review, N Christie
TRL211 A roadside and hospital survey of drinking and driving in
Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, BL Hills, N Thompson,
F Johnson, CD Posanau
TRL214 The effectiveness of child cycle training schemes, T Savill,
K Bryan-Brown, G Harland
TRL219 The accident liability of car drivers: the reliability of self
report data, G Maycock, J Lester, CR Lockwood
TRL222 The characteristics and attitudes of adult non-wearers
of rear restraints, KA Markey, SC Buttress, DG Harland
TRL225 Valuation of home accidents: a comparative review of
home and road accidents, JM Hopkin, HF Simpson
TRL226 Validation trial for testing impairment of driving due to
alcohol, BF Sexton
TRL227 Pedestrian accidents and road safety education in
selected developing countries, IA Sayer, AJ Downing
TRL232 Drinking and driving in Great Britain a review,
G Maycock
TRL245 Using the TRL driving simulator to evaluate traffic
calming measures, CR Lockwood
TRL247 Socio-economic aspects of road accidents in
developing countries, C Ghee, D Silcock, A Astrop, G Jacobs
TRL252 Does retesting deter dangerous driving? DG Harland,
JF Lester
TRL253 Retesting as a penalty for dangerous driving, LM Pearce
TRL254 Behavioural adaptation: a review of the literature,
GB Grayson
TRL257 Whiplash injuries, causative studies final report,
R Minton, CSB Galasko, PA Murray, M Pitcher
TRL258 A new accident database, based on Police Fatal Road
Accident Reports, R Minton
TRL265 Improving road safety education in developing
countries; Ghana, IA Sayer, CJ Palmer, G Murray, J Guy
TRL266 Attitudes to cycling: a qualitative study and conceptual
framework, DG Davies, ME Halliday, M Mayes, RL Pocock
TRL272 National hospital study of road accident casualties,
HF Simpson
TRL275 Cohort study of learner and novice drivers. Part 4:
Novice driver accidents in relation to methods of
learning to drive, performance in the driving test and
self assessed driving ability and behaviour, G Maycock,
E Forsyth
TRL282 Analysis of pedestrian accidents, using police fatal
accident files and SHIPS data, BJ Hardy
TRL284 Cycle theft in Great Britain, K Bryan-Brown, T Savill
TRL286 Cycle helmet wearing in 1996, K Bryan-Brown, S Taylor
TRL287 Delineation for cyclists and visually impaired
pedestrians on segregated, shared routes, TA Savill,
C Gallon, G McHardy
TRL293 Accident rates and behavioural characteristics of novice
drivers in the TRL Cohort study, R West
TRL294 Cross-cultural generalisability of relationship between
anti-social motivation and traffic accident risk, R West
TRL295 Accident liability of novice drivers, R West, J Hall
TRL296 The deterrence of high speed driving: a criminological
perspective, C Corbett, F Simon, M OConnell
TRL297 Developments in hazard perception, F McKenna, J Crick
TRL300 The development of remedial stratgies for driving
violations, D Parker, A Manstead, S Stradling, V Senior
TRL301 Overtaking accidents, DD Clarke, PJ Ward, J Jones
TRL304 Injury accidents on rural single-carriageway roads,
19941995: an analysis of STATS19 data, J Barker, S Farmer,
D Nicholls
TRL317 The accident liability of company car drivers, P Lynn,
CR Lockwood
TRL318 The use of mobile phones while driving: a review,
A Stevens, DAO Paulo
TRL323 A new system for recording contributory factors in road
accidents, J Broughton, KA Markey, D Rowe
TRL325 The factors that influence a drivers choice of speed a
questionnaire study, A Quimby, G Maycock, C Palmer,
S Buttress
TRL326 Drivers speed choice: an in-depth study, A Quimby,
G Maycock, C Palmer, GB Grayson
TRL332 Road layout design standards and driver behaviour,
G Maycock, PJ Brocklebank, RD Hall
TRL337 Assessment of cycle challenge initiatives cycling to
school, SM Gray, A Pedler, G Gardner
TRL343 What road safety officers were doing in 1996, G Harland,
G Davies, A Clayton, V Platt
TRL360 Helping parents to protect pre-school children from
accidents, G Davies, J Davies, G Harland, G Murray, S Levene
TRL368 A new assessment of the likely effects on road accidents
of adopting SDST, J Broughton, M Stone
TRL370 Cyclist safety at road works, DG Davies, TJ Ryley, GA Coe,
NL Guthrie
TRL382 The numerical context for setting national casualty
reduction targets, J Broughton, RE Allsop, SA Lynam,
CM McMahon
TRL390 The safety of fleet car drivers: a review, CG Downs,
M Keigan, G Maycock, GB Grayson
TRL393 Casualty rates in the North West, G Harland
TRL394 The High Risk Offender Scheme for drink-drivers,
GP Davies, J Broughton, A Clayton, RJ Tunbridge
TRL403 Analyses of driver licence records from DVLA, J Broughton
TRL418 The likely effects of downsizing on casualties in car
accidents, J Broughton
TRL420 Linkage of STATS19 and Scottish hospital in-patient data
analyses for 19801995, M Keigan, J Broughton,
RJ Tunbridge
TRL421 The effects of drivers speed on the frequency of road
accidents, MC Taylor, DC Lynam, A Baruya
TRL422 Safety aspects of road edge drainage features, CD Walker
TRL426 Drink/driver rehabilitation courses in England and
Wales, GP Davies, G Harland, J Broughton
TRL432 Driver behaviour and fired soil nails, MW Pickett, GJ Harris,
S Burton, SM Gray
TRL440 The characteristics of speeders, DC Webster, PA Wells
TRL442 Improving road safety education (RSE) in developing
countries: India, IA Sayer, A Quimby, G Murray, J Guy
TRL443 Road safety education in the UK at the end of the 20th
century, G Harland, G Davies, A Clayton
TRL445 Estimating global road fatalities, A Aeron-Thomas,
A Astrop, G Jacobs
TRL452 Changes in accident frequency following the
introduction of traffic calming in villages, AH Wheeler,
MC Taylor
TRL453 A survey of the effectiveness of ABS in reducing
accidents, J Broughton, CJ Baughan
TRL462 Cycle track crossings of minor roads, A Pedler, DG Davies
TRL464 Recognising drug use and drug related impairment in
drivers at the roadside, RJ Tunbridge, M Keigan, FJ James
TRL465 An investigation into factors associated with hard
shoulder stoppages, J Rutter, S Gray
TRL467 Survival times following road accidents, J Broughton
TRL474 Police fatal road accident reports: Phase II, R Minton
TRL477 The influence of cannabis on driving, BF Sexton,
RJ Tunbridge, N Brook-Carter, PG Jackson, K Wright, MM Stark,
K Englehart
TRL485 The assessment of fitness to drive after brain injury or
illness, N Christie, T Savill, G Grayson, B Ellison, G Newby,
A Tyerman
TRL487 Cycle helmet wearing in 1999, K Bryan-Brown, N Christie
TRL490 Cyclists assessments of road and traffic conditions: the
development of a cyclability index, N Guthrie, DG Davies,
G Gardner
TRL492 An analysis of police reports of fatal accidents involving
motorcycles, D Lynam, J Broughton, R Minton, RJ Tunbridge
TRL495 The incidence of drugs and alcohol in road accident
fatalities, RJ Tunbridge, M Keigan, FJ James
TRL498 A review of fatal accidents involving agricultural vehicles
or other commercial vehicles not classified as a goods
vehicle 1993 to 1995, I Knight
TRL507 Learning lessons: enhancing evaluation through
research review, R Pawson, A Myhill
TRL511 The relationship between speed and accidents on rural
single-carriageway roads, MC Taylor, A Baruya, JV Kennedy
TRL518 Linkage of hospital trauma data and road accident
data, J Broughton, M Keigan, FJ James
TRL524 High risk offenders reconviction patterns, J Broughton
TRL525 Monitoring and evaluation of safety measures for new
drivers, H Simpson, L Chinn, J Stone, M Elliott, J Knowles
TRL527 Novice driver accidents and the driving test, G Maycock
TRL538 Development and drawings of the TRL pedestrian
legform and upper legform impactors, BJ Hardy,
GJL Lawrence
TRL542 In-depth accident causation study of young drivers,
DD Clarke, P Ward, W Truman
TRL543 The influence of cannabis and alcohol on driving,
B Sexton, RJ Tunbridge, A Board, PG Jackson, K Wright, MM Stark,
K Englehart
TRL547 How dangerous is driving with a mobile phone?
Benchmarking the impairment to alcohol, PC Burns,
A Parkes, S Burton, RK Smith, D Burch
TRL549 Drivers perceptions of cyclists, L Basford, S Reid, T Lester,
J Thomson, A Tolmie
TRL551 Criminal and motoring offences of drink/drivers who
are high risk offenders, GP Davies, J Broughton
TRL558 The development of hazard perception testing,
GB Grayson, BF Sexton
TRL559 Review of the road safety of disabled children and
adults, K Williams, T Savill, A Wheeler
TRL560 Risk, hazard perception and perceived control,
GB Grayson, G Maycock, JA Groeger, SM Hammond, DT Field
TRL561 Adolescent road user behaviour: a survey of 1116 year
olds, MA Elliott, CJ Baughan
TRL562 The number of motoring and non-motoring offences,
J Broughton
TRL563 The threat posed by unrestrained rear seat car
passengers, J Broughton
TRL564 Road design measures to reduce drivers speed via
psychological processes: a literature review, MA Elliott,
VA McColl, JV Kennedy
TRL574 Reconvictions of drink/drive course attenders: a six year
follow up, G Davies, L Smith
TRL575 Drink/driver rehabilitation courses: survey of non-
attenders, GP Davies, J Stone, SC Buttress
TRL577 Accident involvement of stolen cars in 1997 and 1998,
J Knowles
TRL578 Cycle helmet wearing in 2002, K Gregory, C Inwood,
B Sexton
TRL579 The incidence of alcohol in fatally injured adult
pedestrians, M Keigan, R Tunbridge, P Jackson (Ed)
TRL580 Seat belt wearing rates in England, 19982002,
J Broughton
TRL582 Work-related road accidents, J Broughton, C Baughan,
L Pearce, L Smith, G Buckle
TRL589 Gloucester Safer City final report, A Mackie, P Wells
TRL599 Road safety behaviour of adolescent children in groups,
L Chinn, M Elliott, J Sentinella, K Williams
TRL600 The effect of traffic calming on child pedestrian skills
development, L Chinn, J Guy, G Stothart, J Thomson, A Tolmie
TRL601 The attitudes and behaviour of adolescent road users:
an application of the theory of planned behaviour,
MA Elliott
TRL607 The accident risk of motorcyclists, B Sexton, C Baughan,
M Elliott, G Maycock
TRL612 Hit and Run accidents, 19902002, J Broughton
TRL613 The drink/drive rehabilitation scheme: evaluation and
monitoring final report, LR Smith, G Buckle, M Keigan,
S Buttress, J Stone
TRL620 Young adolescent pedestrians and cyclists road deaths:
analysis of police accident files, J Sentinella, M Keigan
TRL634 Mobile phone use by drivers, 20002003, J Broughton,
JP Hill
TRL635 A survey of mobile phone use by drivers, April 2004,
JP Hill
TRL637 How methods and levels of policing affect road casualty
rates, M Elliott, J Broughton
TRL643 Monitoring progress towards the 2010 casualty
reduction target, J Broughton, G Buckle
TRL644 Cycle helmet wearing in 2004, J Broughton
TRL649 The effects of the National Drivers Improvement
Scheme on re-offending rates, J Broughton, GS Buckle,
S Buttress, LM Pearce
TRL650 The correlation between motoring offences and other
types of offence, J Broughton
TRL652 Novice driver safety and the British practical driving test,
CJ Baughan, B Sexton, G Maycock, H Simpson, L Chinn,
A Quimby
TRL653 Monitoring progress towards the 2010 casualty
reduction target 2004 data, J Broughton, G Buckle
TRL662 Extended monitoring of drink-drive rehabilitation
courses final report, C Inwood, G Buckle, M Keigan, R Borrill
TRL663 Monitoring progress towards the 2010 casualty
reduction target 2005 data, J Broughton, G Buckle
TRL664 Conversations in cars: the relative hazards of mobile
phones, AM Parkes, T Luke, PC Burns, T Lansdown
TRL665 Observation technologies for drivers with restricted
head or trunk movement, T Luke, C Inwood, R Hutchins
TRL668 Monitoring progress towards the 2010 casualty
reduction target 2006 data, J Broughton, G Buckle
TRL669 Data gathering on disability and driving statistics
stage 2, S Tong, J Broughton, R Tong
TRL671 Monitoring progress towards the 2010 casualty
reduction target 2007 data, J Broughton, J Knowles
TRL673 Monitoring progress towards the 2010 casualty
reduction target 2008 data, J Broughton, J Knowles
Published Project Reports (2004 )
PPR010 The involvement and impact of road crashes on the
poor: Bangladesh and India case studies, G Gururaj,
F Rahman, A Aeron-Thomas, G D Jacobs, B Sexton
PPR022A Urban safety management: guidelines for developing
countries, A Quimby, B Hills, C Baguley, J Fletcher
PPR022B Urban safety management: guidelines for developing
countries. Annex 1: Applying the urban safety
management approach in Bangalore: a case study,
S Kirk, A Quimby, J Fletcher
PPR022C Urban safety management: guidelines for developing
countries. Annex 2: Applying the urban safety
management approach in Cirebon, Indonesia: a case
study, A Quimby, S Kirk, J Fletcher
PPR025 Developing a speed management assessment
framework for rural single carriageway roads, D Lynam,
J Hill, J Barker
PPR026 Accident analysis on rural roads a technical guide
PPR027 Performance of safety cameras in London final report,
R Gorell, B Sexton
PPR056 The innovatory analysis of road traffic accident data,
JP Hill
PPR059 An evaluation of energy drinks containing glucose and
caffeine, using the TRL Driving Simulator, AM Parkes, I York,
S Burton, T Luke
PPR062 Inter-rater reliability of the Stroke Drivers Screening
Assessment, J Sentinella, B Sexton, CM Inwood
PPR063 A survey of users of the Stroke Driver Screening
Assessment, J Sentinella, G Stothart, S Keating
PPR064 Returning to driving following a head injury or
amputation: results of a drivers survey, LR Smith, C Hawley,
CM Inwood
PPR068 Criteria for the automatic operation of stop lamps.
Volume 1: Final report, M Dodd, M Elliott, B Fenn, J McKillop,
B Sexton
PPR078 Criteria for the automatic operation of stop lamps.
Volume 2: Final report appendices, M Dodd, M Elliott,
B Fenn, J McKillop, B Sexton
PPR096 The Heavy Vehicle Crash Injury Study (HVCIS) project
report, I Knight, R Minton, P Massie, T Smith, R Gard
PPR132 Access to air travel for disabled people: summary report,
J Sentinella
PPR143 Driver behaviour in response to actively illuminated
road studs: a simulator study, N Reed
PPR157 A review of in-vehicle sleepiness detection devices,
N Wright, B Stone, T Horberry, N Reed
PPR159 Investigation into A pillar obscuration a study to
quantify the problem using real world data, VA Millington,
R Cuerden, S Hulse, T Brightman
PPR162 Understanding why objects are thrown at traffic, R Tong,
A Martin, S Buttress, P Wells
PPR168 Comparative analysis of motorcycle accident data from
OTS and MAIDS, MG McCarthy, LK Walter, R Hutchins, R Tong,
M Keigan
PPR172 Trends in fatal car accidents: analyses of CCIS data,
J Broughton, L Walter
PPR181 Recent trends for speeding convictions and totting up
disqualifications, J Broughton
PPR185 M1 J710 High Occupancy Vehicle lane simulation
study: driver behaviour and attitudes, T Luke, N Reed,
D Basacik
PPR200 Rural road safety policy options, DA Lynam
PPR203 Casualty rates by type of car, J Broughton
PPR207 Linking STATS19 and Scottish hospital in-patient data for
the SafetyNet project, J Broughton, M Keigan
PPR208 Technical report: observation technologies for drivers
with restricted head or trunk movement, T Luke,
C Inwood, R Hutchins
PPR213 Assessment of current bicycle helmets for the potential
to cause rotational injury, VJM St Clair, BP Chinn
PPR214 SCOTSIM: an evaluation of the effectiveness of two
truck simulators for professional driver training, N Reed,
AM Parkes, C Peacock, B Lang, L Rehm
PPR223 New and improved accident reconstruction techniques
for modern vehicles equipped with ESC systems,
RF Lambourn, PW Jennings, I Knight, T Brightman
PPR232 Mobile phone and seat belt usage rates in London,
March 2006, J Broughton, G Buckle
PPR241 Factors influencing pedestrian safety: a literature review,
A Martin
PPR242 Reporting of road traffic accidents in London: matching
police STATS19 with hospital accident and emergency
data. Supplementary report for St. Thomas Hospital
Central London, H Ward, S Robertson, K Townley, A Pedler
PPR245 Mobile phone and seat belt usage rates in London
2007, L Walter, J Broughton, G Buckle
PPR247 Review of road safety good practice in English local
authorities, JA Castle, GE Kamya-Lukoda
PPR248 Review of international road safety good practice,
JA Castle, GE Kamya-Lukoda
PPR287 Data gathering on disability and driving statistics:
summary report, S Tong, J Broughton, R Tong
PPR292 A review of simplified streetscape schemes, A Quimby,
J Castle
PPR306 A review of motorcycle training, B Sexton, M Elliott
PPR312 Situational judgement in driver training and
assessment: a literature review, S Helman
PPR313 Driver reaction times to familiar but unexpected events,
G Coley, A Wesley, N Reed, I Parry
PPR316 Updating the Motorcycle Test for 2009: exploring the
training requirements for the off-road manoeuvres,
S Tong
PPR346 Development and evaluation of the Work-Related Road
Safety CD-ROM, B Lang, E Delmonte,T Vandrevala
PPR367 The effect of text messaging on driver behaviour: a
simulator study, N Reed, R Robbins
PPR385 Carsickness: preventive measures, C Diels
PPR397 An evaluation of options for road safety beyond 2010,
B Sexton, B Johnson
PPR398 Route safety management and evaluation guidance,
B Lawton, S Helman, I Summersgill
PPR402 Literature review: independent driving in the driver
training and on-road assessment protocols building
an evidence base, R Hutchins
PPR409 Investigating driver distraction: the effects of video and
static advertising, M Chattington, N Reed, D Basacik, A Flint,
A Parkes
PPR411 The effect of re-timed invitation to cross periods on road
users at signalised junctions in London, T Sterling, P Knight,
C Sharratt, L Walter, S Narine
PPR413 The relationship between driver fatigue and rules
limiting hours of driving and work, AM Parkes, W Gillan,
S Cynk
PPR414 The effect of traffic signal strategies on the safety of
pedestrians, J Kennedy, M Crabtree, J Castle, J Martin, M Elliott
PPR416 Thames Valley seat belt survey 2009, LK Walter, S Narine,
S Buttress
PPR418 Mobile phone and seat belt usage rates in London
2009, S Narine, LK Walter, SC Charman
PPR420 Cycle helmet wearing in 2008, C Sharratt, L Walter,
O Anjum
PPR426 Further analyses of accident data from the Cohort II
study: when do drivers have their first accident and does
it have an impact on their subsequent driving? B Sexton,
G Grayson
PPR427 The accident history and behaviours of new drivers who
pass their first practical driving test, B Sexton, G Grayson
PPR435 Drivers attitudes to distraction and other motorists
behaviour: a focus group and observational study,
C Diels, N Reed, L Weaver
PPR436 Literature review of road safety at traffic signals and
signalised crossings, J Kennedy, B Sexton
PPR438 Analysis of police collision files for pedal cyclist fatalities
in London, 20012006, M Keigan, R Cuerden, A Wheeler
PPR442 Passion, performance, practicality: motorcyclists
motivations and attitudes to safety, S Christmas, D Young,
R Cookson, R Cuerden
PPR444 Post-2010 casualty forecasting, J Broughton
PPR445 Collisions involving pedal cyclists on Britains roads:
establishing the causes, J Knowles, S Adams, R Cuerden,
T Savill, S Reid, M Tight
PPR445 Technical Annex to PPR445 Collisions involving pedal
cyclists on Britains roads: establishing the causes,
J Knowles, S Adams, R Cuerden, T Savill, S Reid, M Tight
PPR446 The potential for cycle helmets to prevent injury: a
review of the evidence, D Hynd, R Cuerden, S Reid, S Adams
PPR454 Development of a discussion-based intervention for
learner drivers, B Lang, T Vandrevala, J McWhirter
PPR455 The heavy vehicle crash injury study Phase II report,
TL Robinson, B Watterson, M Dodd, R Minton, R Gard
PPR474 Defining a road safety vision for Northern Ireland,
D Lynam, B Lawton
PPR478 Benchmarking road safety in Northern Ireland, J Knowles,
B Lawton, B Sexton, S Charman
PPR480 Casualty forecasts for Northern Ireland in 2020 and key
performance indicators, J Broughton, B Lawton
PPR483 Re-valuation of home accidents, LK Walter
PPR487 Developing the research applications for high-
resolution real-world collision data, G Coley, I Parry,
A Wesley, T Read, J Manning
PPR494 Bend treatments on the A377 between Cowley and
Bishops Tawton final report, S Helman, J Kennedy,
A Gallagher
PPR498 Further analyses of driver licence records from DVLA,
J Broughton, B Lawton
PPR509 Review of diesel spillage clean-up procedures, B Meitei,
M Keigan, W Chislett, I Carswell, J Harper
PPR513 Linking accidents in national statistics to in-depth
accident data, DC Richards, RE Cookson, RW Cuerden
PPR521 Cross-modal safety: risk and public perceptions phase
1 report, J Kennedy and S Helman (TRL), T Taig, M Hunt (TTAC)
PPR522 Cross-modal safety: risk and public perceptions
phase 2 report, D Lynam, J Kennedy, S Helman (TRL),
T Taig (TTAC)
PPR524 Matching speed production in real and simulated
driving environments, C Diels, AM Parkes
TRF Fellowship Lectures (2001 )
MISC4 Road safety willing the end and willing the means,
RE Allsop
MISC15 Traffic and accidents: are the risks too high? R Kimber
LF2095 Blood alcohol levels in road accident fatalities for 2003
in Great Britain
LF2096 Restraint use by car occupants, 20032005
LF2097 Mobile phone use by drivers, 20032005
LF2098 Blood alcohol levels in road accident fatalities for 2004
in Great Britain
LF2099 Restraint use by car occupants, 20042006
LF2100 Mobile phone use by drivers, 20042006
LF2101 Blood alcohol levels in road accident fatalities for 2005
in Great Britain
LF2102 Restraint use by car occupants, 20062007
LF2103 Mobile phone use by drivers 20052007
LF2104 Blood alcohol levels in road accident fatalities for 2006
in Great Britain
LF2105 Mobile phone use by drivers, 20062008
LF2106 Restraint use by car occupants, 20062008
LF2107 Blood alcohol levels in road accident fatalities for 2007
in Great Britain
Annual Research Reviews
ARR2004 Annual Research Review 2004
ARR2005 Annual Research Review 2005
ARR2006 Annual Research Review 2006
ARR2007 Annual Research Review 2007
ARR2008 Annual Research Review 2008
ARR2009 Annual Research Review 2009
Project Reports (19931995)
PR116 Social, economic and environmental factors in child
pedestrian accidents: a research review, N Christie
PR118 M1 chevron trial accident study, RD Helliar-Symons,
NR Butler
Research Reports (19851993)
RR51 The characteristics and attitudes of motorcyclists: a
national survey, C Hobbs, I Galer, P Stroud
RR89 The effect of the 1983 changes to the law relating to
drink/driving, J Broughton, DC Stark
RR96 The use of linked transport-health road casualty data,
RJ Tunbridge
RR98 Interviews with elderly pedestrians involved in road
accidents, D Sheppard, MIM Pattinson
RR100 A survey of Road Safety Officers involvement in schools
and colleges, A Singh, MG Spear, JA Nicholas, C Downing
RR101 The current state of road safety education in primary
and middle schools, MG Spear, A Singh, CS Downing
RR106 The effect on motorcycling of the 1981 Transport Act,
J Broughton
RR118 Motorway signals and telephones- frequency of use,
public attitudes and experience, KS Rutley
RR123 Local radio information signs: a further experiment in
South Yorkshire, D Owens
RR125 The incidence of alcohol in road accidents and
motoring offences, W Jones, JT Everest
RR126 Road casualty rates and costs for London, JD Downes
RR135 The variation of car drivers accident risk with age,
J Broughton
RR136 An in-depth study of road accident casualties and their
injury patterns, RJ Tunbridge, JT Everest, BR Wild, RA Johnstone
RR149 The drink/driving characteristics of accident involved
drivers/riders, JT Everest, W Jones
RR163 Evaluation of a learning to drive leaflet distributed to all
provisional licence applicants via DVLC, N Christie
RR169 The relation between motorcycle size and accident risk,
J Broughton
RR174 Road casualty rates and costs for the former
Metropolitan Counties, JD Downes
RR175 Roadside surveys of drinking and driving, BE Sabey,
JT Everest, E Forsyth
RR177 Behavioural assessment of speed discrimination at
traffic signals, CJ Baguley, SD Ray
RR187 Accident reduction and prevention programmes in
highway authorities 1987, RD Helliar-Symons, DA Lynam
RR202 The incidence of drugs in road accident fatalities,
JT Everest, RJ Tunbridge, B Widdop
RR216 A follow-up to the UKs IDBRA driver attitude survey,
A Quimby, S Drake
RR220 Pedal cycle accidents a hospital based study, PJ Mills
RR228 The potential effects on road casualties of Double
British Summer Time, J Broughton, RJ Sedman
RR239 The long-term effect of seat belt legislation on road user
injury patterns, RJ Tunbridge
RR244 Casualty rates among car occupants, 19761986,
J Broughton
RR256 The cost of vehicle damage resulting from road
accidents, MC Taylor
RR266 Trends in drink/driving revealed by recent road accident
data, J Broughton
RR268 The effectiveness of the 1988 Police National Motorway
Safety Campaign, N Christie, CS Downing
RR270 Factors affecting the accident liability of motorcyclists
A multivariate analysis of survey data, MC Taylor,
CR Lockwood
RR285 Roadside surveys of drinking and driving: Wiltshire
1989, JT Everest, CH Davies, MG Coffey
RR289 Restraint use by car occupants, 19821989, J Broughton
RR306 Individual differences in accident liability: a review of
the literature, J Lester
RR311 Drinking behaviour and breath alcohol concentrations
of road accident casualties, JT Everest, S Banks, PA Hewer,
J Mineiro
RR315 The accident liability of car drivers, G Maycock,
CR Lockwood, JF Lester
RR319 Roadside surveys of drinking and driving; England and
Wales 1990, JT Everest, CH Davies, S Banks
RR325 A review of rehabilitation programmes for drink/drive
offenders in the USA, PJ Mills
RR338 Cohort study of learner and novice drivers. Part 1:
Learning to drive and performance in the driving test,
E Forsyth
RR343 The involvement of alcohol in fatal accidents to adult
pedestrians, JT Everest
RR362 An evaluation of local support for national road safety
publicity 19891990, N Christie, MG Coffey
RR364 The PUFFIN pedestrian crossing: experience with the
first experimental sites, HEH Davies
RR365 Injury accidents on rural single-carriageway roads an
analysis of STATS19 data, MC Taylor, JK Barker
RR372 Cohort study of learner and novice drivers
Part 2: Attitudes, opinions and the development of
driving skills in the first two years, E Forsyth
RR378 Revaluation of the cost of road accident casualties:
1992 revision, JM Hopkin, DM OReilly
RR379 Police and hospital recording of non-fatal road accident
casualties: a study in Greater Manchester, JM Hopkin,
PA Murray, M Pitcher, CSB Galasko
Contractor Reports (19851993)
CR9 Designing theory tests for those applying to be
approved driving instructors, B Cattle, DM Halley
CR264 Approaches to modelling driver behaviour at actual and
simulated traffic signals, RE Allsop, ID Brown, J Groeger,
SA Robertson
CR329 Revaluation of non-fatal casualty costs: a report of the
application of the relative utility loss approach (RULA),
D Ives, B Soby, D Ball, R Kemp
Laboratory Reports (19661985)
LR6 Alcohol and road accidents: a discussion of the Grand
Rapids study, RE Allsop
LR17 A comparison of a cut-off street-lighting installation
with one approximating to the semi-cut-off type,
AE Walker
LR18 The incidence of alcohol in the blood of some fatally
injured road users, KS Rutley
LR22 Roadside equipment and accidents, HJH Starks,
MM Miller
LR25 Some methods of obtaining driving behaviour,
SW Quenault
LR32 Blood alcohol levels in road accident fatalities occurring
in Great Britain during December 1964 and January
1965, SJ Older, S Sims
LR44 A road trial with reflectorised registration plates for
motor vehicles, KS Rutley
LR55 A study of some accidents on motorway M4 in fog,
MM Miller
LR66 The London postal region dimmed headlight
experiment, VJ Jehu
LR70 Driver behaviour safe and unsafe drivers, SW Quenault
LR72 Costs and benefits arising if all motorcyclists wore safety
helmets, RE Allsop
LR74 Casualty rates at the Easter, Whitsun and August Public
Holidays, JC Tanner
LR88 The relation between a drivers speed and his accident
rate, JM Munden
LR93 The driving behaviour of certain professional drivers,
SW Quenault
LR97 The effect of speed and speed change on drivers speed
judgement, GG Denton
LR98 Provisional specification for a wire rope crash barrier,
LC Pearson
LR99 A test vehicle for studying the skid testing properties of
tyres and road surfaces during controlled cornering and
braking, CG Giles, FTW Lander, KE Holmes
LR102 A modified formula for calculating the disability glare
effect from street lighting lanterns, RL Watson
LR106 A study of pedestrian risk in crossing busy roads in four
towns, GD Jacobs, DG Wilson
LR108 The work of the road accident injury group, JA Hobbs
LR113 The effects of different systems of vehicle lighting on
a drivers ability to see dark objects in well lit streets,
CR Faulkner, SJ Older
LR126 Injuries to the hip joint in vehicle occupants, E Grattan,
JA Hobbs
LR135 A perceptual factor that could contribute to road
accidents, LR Newsome
LR143 Medical factors and road accidents, E Grattan,
GO Jeffcoate
LR144 Formulae for designing tapered metal lighting
columns, AW Christie, HJ Hignett
LR145 A comparison of X-way and other pedestrian crossings,
GD Jacobs, SJ Older, DG Wilson
LR146 Driver behaviour safe and unsafe drivers II,
SW Quenalt
LR149 Aspects of driving experience in the first year as a
qualified driver, GB Skelly
LR156 Visual acuity in yellow headlights, AW Christie, JE Ashwood,
RD Hellier-Symons
LR162 A preliminary investigation into the frequency of driver
motor actions and eye movements, KS Rutley, DGW Mace
LR166 Task capability while driving, SW Quenault
LR167 Age group and accident rate driving behaviour and
attitudes, SW Quenault, CW Golby, PM Pryer
LR168 Some recent trends in the road accident pattern in
Great Britain, JM Munden
LR190 Ejection in car accidents, MM Miller, HJH Starks
LR202 Accident debris and reported accidents at roundabouts,
CR Faulkner
LR210 Some further data relating to the dipped headlights
campaigns in Birmingham and other towns, AW Christie,
RF Newby
LR212 Dissociation and driver behaviour, SW Quenault
LR213 Development of the method of systematic observation
of driver behaviour, SW Quenault
LR214 The effect of vehicle lighting on pedestrian movement
in well-lighted streets, GD Jacobs
LR230 The 1967 drink and driving campaign: a survey among
drivers, D Sheppard
LR235 Bumper to bumper collisions on the M4 motorway
(Chiswick to Maidenhead) in 1966 and 1967, PL Harms
LR240 The effect of dirt on vehicle headlamp performance,
NT Cox
LR245 Accidents on motorway M4 (Chiswick to Maidenhead):
March 1965 to December 1967, I Neilson, BE Sabey
LR263 Pre-driver and driver training in secondary schools,
KJ Sargent, HV Colborne
LR283 Road accident and casualty rates based on the 1300
point census, HD Johnson
LR316 A study of fatal injuries in vehicle collisions based on
coroners reports, HP Smith, B Chir
LR320 Chest injuries in unrestrained vehicle occupants who
survived a road accident, E Grattan, NG Clegg, JA Hobbs
LR342 Seat belts the proportion of cars fitted and of
occupants using them, B Farr
LR394 Notes on road accident statistics, HD Johnson, F Garwood
LR396 Current costs of road accidents in Great Britain,
RFF Dawson
LR407 Swingaway helmet testing apparatus, VJ Jehu
LR431 Ages of car driver casualties in 1970, HD Johnson
LR432 Research for a road safety campaign accident studies
for advertising formulation, AM Mackie
LR434 A preliminary report on an on-the-spot survey of
accidents, RN Kemp, ID Neilson, GC Staughton, HA Wilkins
LR446 Fog and road traffic, RL Moore, L Cooper
LR453 A low cost fog detector developed for use on roads,
DJ Jeffery
LR481 On safer road vehicles, K Corley
LR483 Opinions on the design and measurements of the effect
of a road safety leaflet, MH Higgs
LR484 An analysis of vehicle breakdowns in the Mersey Tunnel,
RS Bartlett, SR Chhotu
LR498 The incidence of burst tyres prior to injury accidents on
M1 and M4 motorways, MJ Godley
LR499 A study of accident rates amongst motorists who
passed or failed an advanced driving test, G Hoinville,
R Berthoud, AM Mackie
LR534 Childrens use of aids to conspicuity, GD Lewis
LR536 Road accidents in darkness, BE Sabey
LR540 An experimental evaluation of a shadowgraph
simulator for driver training, JP Henry
LR546 A study of accident rates in developing countries,
GD Jacobs, P Hutchinson
LR567 Driver behaviour newly qualified drivers, SW Quenault,
PM Parker
LR573 Motorway accidents in fog and darkness, HD Johnson
LR586 Roadlighting and accidents: before and after studies on
trunk road sites, BE Sabey, HD Johnson
LR604 The road safety aspects of the Tufty Club, DE Firth
LR605 The development of the Green Cross Code, KJ Sargent,
D Sheppard
LR660 Field experience of breakaway lighting columns,
AE Walker
LR669 Effectiveness of different appeals in road safety
propaganda, AM Mackie, SD Valentine
LR732 A study of accident rates on rural roads in developing
countries, GD Jacobs
LR761 Male and female car drivers: differences observed in
accidents, VJ Storie
LR775 A study of road accidents in selected urban areas in
developing countries, GD Jacobs, IA Sayer
LR779 Ways in which school crossing patrols instruct children
about crossing roads, D Sheppard
LR838 Accidents on urban arterial roads, RG Chapman
LR854 Injuries to occupants of heavy goods vehicles, E Grattan,
JA Hobbs
LR859 Close following behaviour at two sites on rural two lane
motorways, R Sumner, C Baguley
LR869 Car driving before and after passing the driving test,
D Jenkins
LR871 Classification of injury severity by length of stay in
hospital, CH Hobbs, E Grattan, JA Hobbs
LR890 Evaluation of a cycling proficiency training course
using two behaviour recording methods, M Bennett,
BA Sanders, CS Downing
LR895 The comparative safety of pedestrian crossings, J Inwood,
GB Grayson
LR902 Comparison of on-road and off-road cycle training for
children, P Wells, CS Downing, M Bennett
LR907 Design and validation of a driving simulator for use in
perceptual studies, GR Watts, AR Quimby
LR913 A survey of motorcycle accidents, J Whitaker
LR916 Motorcycle training and licensing in Japan, K Russam
LR924 Permanent disability in road traffic accident casualties,
E Grattan, JA Hobbs
LR929 The relationship between road lighting quality and
accident frequency, PP Scott
LR931 A comparison of two methods of driver testing,
JA Fazakerley, AJ Downing
LR933 Age-related differences in the road crossing behaviour
of adult pedestrians, DG Wilson, GB Grayson
LR937 Teachers and childrens reactions to the Safemobile
visiting their schools, SD Valentine, RF Davies, D Sheppard
LR944 Readability of road safety publications, D Sheppard,
C Harrison
LR945 Survey of visual acuity of drivers, PA Davison, A Irving
LR949 Evaluation of better driving courses run by police
forces for the public, JA Fazakerley, RF Davies, R Henderson,
D Sheppard
LR955 Assessment of anti-dazzle screen on M6, AE Walker,
RG Chapman
LR958 Some aspects of motorway traffic behaviour in fog,
ME White, DJ Jeffery
LR986 Effectiveness of a campaign to reduce accidents
involving children crossing roads near parked cars,
CS Downing, J Spendlove
LR992 Trials of a road safety booklet for a pre-school traffic
club, CS Downing, G Murray, C Durow
LR999 The state of maintenance of bicycles ridden to primary
and middle schools, P Wells
LR1004 Human factors and driving performance, AR Quimby,
GR Watts
LR1033 An analysis of fatalities in heavy goods vehicle accidents,
BS Riley, BP Chinn, HJ Bates
LR1041 Audience reactions to a television feature programme
on road accidents, D Sheppard
LR1042 Designing an objective multi-choice test for use with
trainee motorcyclists, B Cattle, J Cox, JA Fazakerley,
KCR Howell
LR1086 Variations in two-vehicle accident frequencies,
19701978, PP Scott
LR1103 Evaluation of conspicuity aids for pedal cyclists, GR Watts
LR1108 Pedal cycle lamps and reflectors some visibility tests
and surveys, GR Watts
LR1113 Involvement of goods vehicles and public service
vehicles in motorway accidents, VJ Storie
LR1130 Computer linkage of transport and health data, RD Stone
Supplementary Reports (19731985)
SR11 uc The STATS 19 road accident data procedure and its
research applications, DP Chapman, FJ James
SR15 uc The Tufty Club enquiry (4) an investigation of the
opinions of head teachers, playgroup leaders and road
safety officers, DE Firth
SR45 uc Blood-alcohol in road fatalities before and after the
Road Safety Act, 1967, PJ Codling, P Samson
SR49 uc Perception and decision in the pedestrian task, SJ Older,
GB Grayson
SR70 uc Some events of interest to those investigating road
safety: almanac for 1973, HD Johnson
SR77 uc Parking without lights: the effect on accidents,
HD Johnson, CGE Bryant
SR81 uc Risk taking as a decision process in driving, LR Newsome
SR129 uc The driving situations which worry motorists, D Sheppard
SR131 uc Ages of drivers involved in some junction accidents,
CR Faulkner
SR137 uc Some studies of movement perception, age and
accidents, BL Hills
SR156 uc Decision processes in driving, LR Newsome
SR528 Application of the CALSPAN crash program under
European conditions, GC Staughton, PW Jennings
SR533 The provision of road safety instruction for the elderly,
D Sheppard, SD Valentine
SR535 The effect of biorhythms on road accidents, PO Palmer
SR540 Cycle safety, CS Downing
SR543 Incidence and effects of police action on motoring
offences as described by drivers, R Griffiths, RF Davies,
R Henderson, D Sheppard
SR548 A national survey of drivers attitudes and knowledge
about speed limits, BJ Mostyn, D Sheppard
SR549 Observations of routes chosen and instruction given
during driving lessons, AJ Downing, JA Fazakerley,
D Sheppard
SR551 Accident investigation techniques for assessing vehicle
safety features, BE Sabey
SR556 Evaluation of the final draft of the children and traffic
series of teachers guides, A Singh
SR567 The known risks we run: the highway, BE Sabey, H Taylor
SR575 Learners knowledge of the driving test requirements
and procedures, D Sheppard, JM Cox
SR576 Tabulations of 1977 road casualties indicating risks of
injury to road users in relation to vehicles involved,
MC Williams
SR577 Evaluating a structured approach to teaching driving
skills by identifying underlying principles, P Wells,
AJ Downing
SR578 A study of a road safety film for children, A Mcgarvie,
RF Davies, EJ Sheppard
SR581 Road safety and value for money, BE Sabey
SR586 Fatal accidents in Great Britain in 1976 involving heavy
goods vehicles, BS Riley, HJ Bates
SR587 Some effects on accidents of changes in light
conditions at the beginning and end of British Summer
Time, H Green
SR600 The male drinking driver: characteristics of the offender
and his offence, AB Clayton, PE McCarthy, JM Breen
SR601 Elderly pedestrians: assessments of the relative value of
instruction on alternative safety topics, D Sheppard,
SD Valentine
SR608 Drivers knowledge of speed limits: an on-site study,
RA Cameron
SR616 The drinking road user in Great Britain, BE Sabey,
GC Staughton
SR617 Cross-over accidents in all-purpose dual carriageways,
HD Johnson
SR625 Daytime motorcycle conspicuity, ET Fulton, C Kirkby,
PG Stroud
SR628 The use of hospital in-patient data in the analysis of the
injuries sustained by road accident casualties, JP Nicholl
SR631 The effects on accident frequencies of lorry controls in
the Windsor area, AJ Barton
SR633 A survey among lorry drivers about the striking of low
bridges, M Galer
SR640 An enquiry into a short-term road safety campaign in
schools, J Spendlove
SR646 A preliminary study of road-user behaviour in
developing countries, GD Jacobs, IA Sayer, AJ Downing
SR648 Car occupant injury patterns and mechanisms,
CA Hobbs
SR651 Injury patterns of motorcyclists involved in accidents,
PL Harms
SR652 Attitudes of secondary school teachers towards specific
topics in traffic education, A Singh
SR684 The use of video-tape recordings of childrens road
behaviour for road safety teaching, R Cyster
SR713 Driver knowledge of road safety factors in three
developing countries, IA Sayer, A Downing
SR718 Ages of car drivers involved in accidents, with special
reference to junctions, RL Moore, IP Sedgley, BE Sabey
SR722 The availability of books on driving, D Sheppard
SR731 A follow-up study of an advertising compaign for
motorcycle training, P Wells
SR749 Pedestrian exposure to risk in housing areas,
DH Crompton
SR750 Experience of an accident and its influence on driving,
D Sheppard
SR758 A study of bus safety in Delhi, GD Jacobs, AJ Downing
SR768 The road grip of commercial vehicle tyres, HA Wilkins,
BS Riley
SR771 A preliminary study of childrens road-crossing
knowledge in three developing countries, AJ Downing,
IA Sayer
SR801 Pedal cycle spacers a study involving school children,
GR Watts
SR807 Road accidents in developing countries, GD Jacobs,
IA Sayer
SR820 Evaluation of pedal cycle spacers, GR Watts
SR826 Drinking and driving habits, attitudes and behaviour of
male motorists, AB Clayton, PE McCarthy, JM Breen
SR834 An analysis of police and medical road accident data: Sri
Lanka 19771981, I Sayer, R Hitchcock
SR839 Road accidents in developing countries-urban
problems and remedial measures, GD Jacobs, IA Sayer
PA-TRS-5683-06 Complexity of traffic interactions: improving
behavioural intelligence in driving simulation
scenarios, A Dumbuya, A Booth, N Reed, A Kirkham,
T Philpott, Q Zhao, R Wood
PA-TRS-5718-06 A practical human factors perspective on driver
information and assistance systems, A Stevens
PA-TRS-5747-07 The effect of visual properties of the simulated
environment on simulator sickness and driver
behaviour, T Luke, AM Parkes, R Walker
This section covers: air pollution, emissions, HGV damage, fuel consumption,
alternative fuels, vehicle spray, vehicle noise, road surface noise, noise barriers,
traffic vibration damage to buildings, community severance studies.
TRL Reports (1995 )
TRL174 The environmental assessment of traffic management
schemes: a literature review, PG Abbott, S Hartley,
AJ Hickman, RE Layfield, IS Mccrae, PM Nelson, SM Phillips,
JL Wilson
TRL267 A comparison of freight transport operations in
Tanzania and Indonesia, JL Hine, JH Ebden, P Swan
TRL268 The impact of the Okehampton Bypass, G Mudge, L Chinn
TRL270 Environmental traffic management: a review of factors
affecting cold start emissions, PG Boulter
TRL307 Traffic calming and vehicle emissions: a literature
review, PG Boulter, DC Webster
TRL327 Traffic management and air quality research
programme, J Cloke, P Boulter, GP Davies, AJ Hickman,
RE Layfield, IS McCrae, PM Nelson
TRL362 The perceived environmental impacts of traffic
management schemes: a literature review, P Boulter
TRL375 Mitigation of the effects of road construction on sites of
high ecological interest, L Chinn, J Hughes, A Lewis
TRL378 A review of European emission measurements and
model for diesel-fuelled buses, PG Boulter, JA Cox
TRL384 Reducing the environmental impact of driving: a review
of training and in-vehicle technologies, J Cloke, G Harris,
S Latham, A Quimby, L Smith, C Baughan
TRL415 Monitoring and evaluation of the ENTRANCE project in
Hampshire summary report, J Cloke, J Hopkin, N Hounsell,
G Lyons
TRL423 Remote sensing of vehicle emissions near two traffic
calming measures in Gloucester, P Boulter
TRL431 A low emission zone for London, J Cloke, JA Cox,
AJ Hickman, SD Ellis, MJ Ingrey, K Buchan
TRL444 The impacts of the Safer City Project on road traffic
emissions in Gloucester: 19961998, P Boulter
TRL457 A review of available road traffic emission models,
S Latham, LJ Petley, AJ Hickman, J Cloke
TRL459 Traffic management during high pollution episodes: a
review, IS McCrae, JM Green, AJ Hickman, G Hitchcock, T Parker,
N Ayland
TRL469 Traffic management: an evaluation of parking duration
and vehicle exhaust emissions using remote sensing
techniques, J Green, PG Boulter
TRL482 The impacts of traffic calming measures on vehicle
exhaust emissions, PG Boulter, AJ Hickman, S Latham,
R Layfield, P Davison, P Whiteman
TRL488 The impacts of the Gloucester Safer City Project on air
quality 19971998, J Cloke, GJ Davies
TRL491 A review of anti-swooping trials, MS Wedlock, JR Peirce,
GT Wall
TRL500 Countryside Traffic Measures Group: traffic calming
schemes in Norfolk and Suffolk, AH Wheeler, JV Kennedy,
GJ Davies, JM Green
TRL501 Countryside Traffic Measures Group: a traffic calming
scheme at Charlwood, Surrey, AH Wheeler, JV Kennedy,
GJ Davies, JM Green, G Harris, RE Stait
TRL502 Countryside Traffic Measures Group: demonstration
scheme, AH Wheeler, JV Kennedy
TRL503 Kent Quiet Lanes scheme: before monitoring,
AH Wheeler, JV Kennedy
TRL504 Norfolk Quiet Lanes scheme: before monitoring,
AH Wheeler, JV Kennedy
TRL509 Additional traffic information to improve local emission
estimates, J Cloke, G Buckle, P Emmerson, N Paulley
TRL529 Graduated driver licensing a review of some current
systems, CJ Baughan, HF Simpson
TRL536 Resurfacing a motorway with porous asphalt: effects on
rural noise exposure and community response,
CJ Baughan, L Chinn, G Harris, R Stait, S Phillips
TRL539 An assessment of traffic calming for trunk roads using
the TRL driving simulator, MC Taylor, LF Crinson, RE Osborn
TRL576 Quieter concrete roads: construction, texture, skid
resistance and noise, JWE Chandler, SM Phillips, PG Roe,
HE Viner
TRL586 Pilot home zone schemes: evaluation of The Methleys,
Leeds, R Layfield, L Chinn, D Nicholls
TRL596 Traffic management and air quality: realistic driving
cycles for traffic management schemes, JM Green,
TJ Barlow
TRL625 Pilot home zone schemes: evaluation of Northmoor,
Manchester, A Tilly, D Webster, S Buttress
TRL626 Pilot home zone schemes: evaluation of Cavell Way,
Sittingbourne, D Webster, A Tilly, S Buttress
TRL633 Pilot home zone schemes: evaluation of Magor village,
Monmouthshire, R Layfield, D Webster, S Buttress
TRL640 Pilot home zone schemes: evaluation of Morice Town,
Plymouth, A Wheeler, A Tilly, D Webster, Y Rajesparan
TRL641 Psychological traffic calming, J Kennedy, R Gorell, R Crinson,
A Wheeler, M Elliott
TRL646 Pilot home zone schemes: evaluation of the Five Roads
area, London Borough of Ealing, A Wheeler, A Tilly,
D Webster, D Nicholls, S Greenshields
Published Project Reports (2004 )
PPR002 Kent Quiet Lanes scheme, JV Kennedy, AH Wheeler,
CM Inwood
PPR003 Norfolk Quiet Lanes scheme, JV Kennedy, AH Wheeler,
CM Inwood
PPR020 Prediction of ground-borne vibration generated by
heavy vehicles crossing a rumblewave device, GR Watts,
R King
PPR021 Measurement of the acoustic performance of road
surfaces, MH Balsom, S Kolamthodi, SM Phillips, PG Abbott
PPR033 Speed-control and incident-detection on the M25
Controlled Motorway (Summary of results 19952002),
T Rees, B Harbord, C Dixon, N Abou-Rahme
PPR034 Harmonoise prediction model for road traffic noise,
G Watts
PPR038 The effects of traffic management schemes on
emissions from heavy-duty vehicles, S Latham, P Boulter,
T Barlow
PPR039 System for conducting heavy vehicle emission estimates
(SCHEME) model version 1.0: user guide, S Latham,
P Boulter, T Barlow
PPR044 An examination of vehicle noise test procedures,
G Watts, P Nelson, C Treleven, M Balsom
PPR046 Noise barrier review, GR Watts, PA Morgan
PPR047 Traffic noise reduction toolkit, GR Watts, PG Abbott,
PM Nelson
PPR050 A low-cost method of evaluating seatbelt anchorages
for low-volume vehicles (M1, M2 and M3) final report,
GJL Lawrence, WMS Donaldson, BJ Hardy
PPR051 Draft advice for users of Compact MOVA, IR Henderson,
MR Crabtree, A Maxwell
PPR061 The validity and reliability of the Stroke Drivers
Screening Assessment, J Sentinella, L Read
PPR065 A review of emission factors and models for road vehicle
non-exhaust particulate matter, PG Boulter
PPR077 Tyre/road noise Assessment of the existing and
proposed tyre noise limits, GR Watts, PM Nelson, PG Abbott,
RE Stait, C Trevelen
PPR103 A new approach for evaluating the sound propagation
from a moving vehicle tyre using boundary element
methods, PA Morgan, GR Watts
PPR104 The localisation, quantification and propagation of
noise from a rolling tyre, PA Morgan, SM Phillips, GR Watts
PPR107 A review of roadside emission testing by local
authorities in the United Kingdom, IS McCrae, S Latham,
PG Boulter
PPR108 OSCAR: On-board emission measurements in Central
London, PG Boulter, T Barlow, IS McCrae, S Latham
PPR109 Road traffic characteristics, driving patterns and
emission factors for congested situations, PG Boulter,
T Barlow, IS McCrae, S Latham, D Elst, E van der Burgwal
PPR110 Road vehicle non-exhaust particulate matter: final
report on emission modelling, PG Boulter, AJ Thorpe,
RM Harrison, AG Allen
PPR126 Instantaneous vehicle emission monitoring, IS McCrae,
TJ Barlow, SL Latham
PPR128 Photovoltaic noise barriers: scope for demonstration
schemes on Londons main roads, PA Morgan
PPR129 Photovoltaic noise barriers: scope for small and medium
scale demonstration schemes at surface locations on
the London rail network, PA Morgan
PPR137 OSCAR: final summary report, PG Boulter, IS McCrae
PPR160 West London Transportation and Emissions Model.
Phase 1: Specification, P Emmerson, IS McCrae, K Turpin,
PF Boulter
PPR174 West London Alliance traffic and enhanced emissions
model Project 1 Traffic modelling: inception report,
P Emmerson
PPR188 Air quality assessments in the London Borough of Brent,
K Turpin, IS McCrae
PPR189 West London Alliance traffic and enhanced emissions
model. Sub-project 2 Traffic scaling factors: inception
report, PG Boulter, K Turpin
PPR202 Characteristics of vehicles producing excessive noise
and ground-borne vibration Phase 1, GR Watts, RE Stait
PPR216 An innovative dynamometer: free running rollers
to provide a potential cheap representative roadside
emission procedure, S Latham
PPR224 Road vehicle non-exhaust particulate matter: intitial air
quality model development and application, model
uncertainty analysis and further model improvements,
J Stocker, D Carruthers (CERC)
PPR230 A review of abatement measures for non-exhaust
particulate matter from road vehicles, PG Boulter,
M Wayman, IS McCrae, RM Harrison
PPR231 Non-exhaust particulate matter emmissions from road
traffic summary report, TJ Barlow, PG Boulter, IS McCrae,
P Sivell, RM Harrison, D Carruthers, J Stocker
PPR246 Characteristics of vehicles producing excessive noise
and ground-borne vibration Phase 2, RE Stait, M Clifton
PPR262 Primary NO
emissions from road vehicles in the
Hatfield and Bell Common Tunnels, PG Boulter, IS McCrae,
J Green
PPR267 A review of instantaneous emission models for road
vehicles, PG Boulter, IS McCrae, TJ Barlow
PPR268 An evaluation of instantaneous emission models,
TJ Barlow, PG Boulter, IS McCrae
PPR269 The links between micro-scale traffic, emission and air
pollution models, PG Boulter, IS McCrae
PPR270 Scoping study on the potential for instantaneous
emission modelling: summary report, TJ Barlow,
PG Boulter, IS McCrae
PPR286 Alternative methods for the management of night-time
freight noise in London, MJ Ainge, PG Abbott, C Treleven,
PA Morgan, PM Nelson, GR Watts, RE Stait
PPR326 Local transport funding toolkit for local authorities,
A Binsted, C Brannigan
PPR327 Local transport funding guidance for funders of
transport schemes, A Binsted, C Brannigan
PPR328 Local transport funding: an assessment of the
implications of funding restraints, A Binsted, C Brannigan
PPR349 A best practice guide for reducing emissions from taxis
in London, S Latham, P Boulter, I McCrae, K Turpin
PPR350 ARTEMIS: Assessment and Reliability of Transport
Emission Models and Inventory Systems final report,
PG Boulter, IS McCrae (Eds)
PPR353 Emission factors 2009: Report 1 a review of methods
for determining hot exhaust emission factors for road
vehicles, PG Boulter, TJ Barlow, S Latham, IS McCrae
PPR354 A reference book of driving cycles for use in the
measurement of road vehicle emissions, TJ Barlow,
S Latham, IS McCrae, PG Boulter
PPR355 Emission factors 2009: Report 2 a review of the
average-speed approach for estimating hot exhaust
emissions, TJ Barlow, PG Boulter
PPR356 Emission factors 2009: Report 3 exhaust emission
factors for road vehicles in the United Kingdom,
PG Boulter, TJ Barlow, IS McCrae
PPR357 Emission factors 2009: Report 4 a review of
methodologies for modelling cold-start emissions,
PG Boulter, S Latham
PPR358 Emission factors 2009: Report 5 a review of the effects
of fuel properties on road vehicle emissions, PG Boulter,
S Latham
PPR359 Emission factors 2009: Report 6 deterioration factors
and other modelling assumptions for road vehicles,
PG Boulter
PPR360 Emission factors 2009: Report 7 a review of the NAEI
methodology for modelling evaporative emissions,
S Latham, PG Boulter
PPR361 Emission factors 2009: final summary report, PG Boulter,
TJ Barlow, IS McCrae, S Latham
PPR371 The Highways Agency roadside air pollution monitoring
network: 2006, JM Green, IS McCrae, P Boulter, E Bendall,
J Pittman, A Savage, D Carslaw
PPR384 In-service vehicle noise measurement study, G Abbott,
RE Stait, M Muirhead, M Clifton, MJ Ainge
PPR394 An examination of the monetised benefit of proposed
changes to type approved noise limits for tyres,
M Muirhead, PG Abbott, M Burdett
PPR432 A future quiet HGV permissive certification scheme,
PA Morgan, M Muirhead, MJ Ainge, PG Abbott
PPR433 The feasibility of using twin-layer porous asphalt
surfaces in the UK, PA Morgan, RE Stait, S Reeves, M Clifton
PPR443 A review of current research on road surface noise
reduction techniques, PG Abbott, PA Morgan (TRL), B McKell
PPR485 The performance of quieter surfaces over time,
M Muirhead, L Morris, RE Stait
PPR490 The acoustic durability of timber noise barriers on
Englands strategic road network, PA Morgan
PPR490 Technical Annex to PPR490 The acoustic durability
of timber noise barriers on Englands strategic road
network, PA Morgan
TRF Fellowship Lectures (2001 )
MISC5 Guidance for safer temporary traffic management
MISC11 Temporary road markings: working group findings
Annual Research Reviews
ARR2004 Annual Research Review 2004
ARR2005 Annual Research Review 2005
ARR2006 Annual Research Review 2006
ARR2007 Annual Research Review 2007
ARR2008 Annual Research Review 2008
ARR2009 Annual Research Review 2009
Project Reports (19931995)
PR90 Contingent valuation questions for placing money
values on traffic nuisance an exploratory study,
CJ Baughan, TA Savill
Research Reports (19851993)
RR66 A refuelling infrastructure for an all-electric car fleet,
RL Watson, L Gyenes, BD Armstrong
RR80 Characteristics of payload distribution on heavy goods
vehicles: a case study, FA Urquhart, AH Rhodes
RR102 Traffic-induced ground-borne vibrations in dwellings,
GR Watts
RR103 Trials of three on-board axle weighing systems for heavy
goods vehicles, WH Newton
RR108 Public attitudes to drawbar goods vehicles, L Huddart,
CJ Baughan
RR115 The effect of the design of goods vehicle suspensions
on loads on roads and bridges, CGB Mitchell
RR133 Goods vehicle overloading and road wear: results from
ten roadside surveys (19801986), BA Shane, WH Newton
RR134 Slow speed Dynamic axle weighers: effects of surface
irregularities, J Prudhoe
RR137 Features on buses to assist passengers with mobility
handicaps, CGB Mitchell
RR138 Trends in axle loading and their effect on design of road
pavements, RG Robinson
RR146 Traffic vibration and building damage TRRL papers
presented at Acoustics 87, GR Watts
RR155 Car fuel consumption: its relationship to official list
consumptions, RL Watson
RR156 Case studies of the effects of traffic induced vibrations
on heritage buildings, GR Watts
RR158 A study of the feasibility and possible impact of reduced
emission levels from diesel engined vehicles, S Latham,
PR Tonkin
RR162 Water spray from road vehicles: transmittance analysis
methods, CJ Baughan, PK Hart
RR171 Dynamic road load measurement on a two-axle semi-
trailer, DGW Mace, CA Stephenson
RR180 Performance of two-plate enforcement weighers,
MH Glover
RR184 Measurement of particulate lead on the M4 motorway
at Harlington, Middlesex (fifth report), AJ Hickman
RR193 Methods of monitoring the overloading of goods
vehicles, WH Newton
RR206 Personal exposure to carbon monoxide and oxides of
nitrogen, AJ Hickman
RR207 The effects of traffic induced vibrations on heritage
buildings further case studies, GR Watts
RR214 An evaluation of TRRL weighscale measurement
accuracy, AR Hodge
RR238 The use of vegetation for traffic noise screening,
L Huddart
RR243 Exhaust emissions at high speeds from advanced
technology cars, GP Davies, T Pearce
RR245 A model to calculate traffic noise levels from complex
highway cross-sections, DC Tobutt, PM Nelson
RR246 Traffic induced vibrations in buildings, GR Watts
RR287 The efficiency of automotive exhaust catalysts and the
effects of component failure, TC Pearce, GP Davies
RR307 Evaluation of a multiple-sensor weigh-in-motion system,
MH Glover, WH Newton
RR312 Free acceleration smoke tests on UK heavy duty
vehicles, S Latham, GP Davies
RR318 An examination of the relationship between vehicle
noise measures and perceived noisiness, GR Watts,
PM Nelson
RR346 The prediction of perceived lorry nuisance results of
recent surveys, RS Bartlett
RR369 Goods vehicle surveys at four WIM pre-selection sites
(1990/1991), BA Frith, IA Barbour
RR375 Multiple-sensor weigh-in-motion trials at Abingdon
(A34), I Barbour
Contractor Reports (19851993)
CR135 The appraisal of community severance, JM Clark,
BJ Hutton, N Burnett, A Hathway, A Harrison
CR290 Environmental appraisal: a review of monetary
evaluation and other techniques, Rendal Planning and
Environmental Group, University of East Anglia
Laboratory Reports (19661985)
LR226 The effect of road and traffic conditions on fuel
consumption, PF Everall
LR291 Social benefits from minimum power-weight ratios for
goods vehicles, PF Everall
LR352 Air pollution from road traffic. A review of the present
position, PT Sherwood, PH Bowers
LR357 A review of road traffic noise, The working group on
research into road traffic noise
LR418 A survey of traffic-induced vibrations, AC Whiffin,
DR Leonard
LR441 Roads and the environment, ME Burt
LR479 A data logging system for the measurement of road
traffic noise, M Cheeseman, PM Nelson
LR526 The combination of noise from separate time varying
sources, PM Nelson
LR530 Amplifier unit for use with the TRRL dynamic
weighbridge, SAH Morris
LR533 The Wibau dustless asphalt plant: the performance of
European installations, BW Ferne, GD Goodsall
LR541 Atmospheric pollution from vehicle emissions:
measurements in Reading 1971, DM Colwill
LR545 The concentration of volatile and particulate lead
compounds in the atmosphere: measurements at four
road sites, DM Colwill, AJ Hickman
LR589 Environmental effects of Alton Bypass, RFF Dawson
LR601 A preliminary investigation into lorry tyre noise,
MCP Underwood
LR611 A computer model for determining the temporal
distribution of noise from road traffic, PM Nelson
LR624 Estimates of the reduction of traffic noise following the
introduction of quieter vehicles, PM Nelson, J Fanstone
LR626 Measurements of particulate lead on the M4 motorway
at Harlington, MG Bevan, DM Colwill, LE Hogbin
LR642 Predicting road traffic noise in the rural environment: a
study of the A66 road improvement scheme in the Lake
District, PM Nelson, N Godfrey
LR665 An index of noise and dust disturbance caused by
earthmoving plant (PANDLE), HC Ingoldby
LR709 Atmospheric pollution measurements in West London
(1973), AJ Hickman
LR716 Measurement of particulate lead on the M4 motorway
at Harlington, Middlesex. Second report, LE Hogbin,
MG Bevan
LR731 Acoustic performance of the M6 noise barriers,
PM Nelson, PG Abbott, AC Salvidge
LR745 Noise from cut and fill operations during road
construction, DJ Martin, AV Solaini
LR746 Before and after study of the environmental effects of
Tring Bypass, AM Mackie, LJ Griffin
LR751 Costs of noise control during earthmoving, DJ Martin,
RM Danes
LR752 Classifying road vehicles for the prediction of road traffic
noise, PM Nelson, RJ Piner
LR755 A study of subjective assessments of outlooks from the
home, PF Rosman
LR756 The prediction of noise from road construction sites,
DG Harland, DJ Martin
LR758 Road construction noise prediction and measurement
a case study, DJ Martin, AV Solaini
LR770 Noise and road traffic outside homes in England,
DG Harland, PG Abbott
LR787 An instrumented car to analyse energy consumption on
the road, D Easingwood-Wilson, PM Nowottny, TL Pearce
LR798 Exposure of drivers to carbon monoxide, AJ Hickman,
MR Hughes
LR812 A refuelling infrastructure for electric cars, R Weeks
LR858 A comparison between road construction noise in rural
and urban areas, DJ Martin
LR896 Road surfaces and traffic noise, MA Crisfield, RE Franklin,
DG Harland, PM Nelson
LR911 Subjective responses to the environmental effects of
traffic in real life and simulated environments, PF Rosman
LR921 Research on fuel conservation for cars, MHL Waters,
IB Laker
LR956 The allocation of transport fuels to minimise costs,
BD Armstrong
LR964 Fuel consumption of a diesel and a petrol car, R Weeks
LR972 Measurement of particulate lead on the M4 motorway
at Harlington, Middlesex. Third report, DM Colwill,
AJ Hickman
LR973 An analysis of the fuel consumption of commercial
vehicles by computer simulation, MA Renouf
LR974 Lorry tyre noise, MCP Underwood
LR1015 Environmental effects of traffic changes, AM Mackie,
CH Davies
LR1020 Vibration nuisance from road traffic at 14 residential
sites, CJ Baughan, DJ Martin
LR1021 Energy consumption of an electric, a petrol and a diesel
powered light goods vehicle in Central London traffic,
RA Wood, BR Downing, TC Pearce
LR1025 Fuel economy some effects of driver characteristics
and vehicle type, IB Laker
LR1035 Jury evaluation of differences in weight, length and
other characteristics of articulated lorries, L Huddart
LR1052 The estimation of air pollution concentrations from
road traffic, AJ Hickman, DM Colwill
LR1061 An assessment of the conditions for shrubs alongside
motorways, DM Colwill, JR Thompson, AJ Rutter
LR1067 TRRL Quiet Heavy Vehicle (QHV) Project: development
of Foden/Rolls Royce demonstration vehicle, JW Tyler,
JF Collins
LR1119 Vibration nuisance from road traffic results of a 50-site
survey, GR Watts
LR1128 The influence of road noise on riding comfort, JC Young
Supplementary Reports (19731985)
SR46 uc A mini-computer system for environmental noise
analysis, M Cheeseman
SR85 uc Impulse noise a brief review, AV Solaini
SR89 uc A mobile laboratory for monitoring air pollution from
motor vehicles, MG Bevan, AJ Hickman
SR425 Rural traffic noise prediction an approximation,
DG Harland
SR447 Symposium on Energy and Road Transport.
Proceedings of a Symposium held at the Transport and
Road Research Laboratory, Crowthorne on 1213 April
SR475 The costs of conforming to standards for noise from
road traffic, CH Davies, RFF Dawson
SR505 Gaussian plume dispersion model applicable to a
complex motorway interchange, DM Colwill, DR Middleton,
JD Butler
SR521 TRRL quiet vehicle programme. Quiet Heavy Vehicle
(QHV) project, JW Tyler
SR536 Roads and the environment: a collection of papers
prepared at TRRL
SR562 Nuisance from road construction: a study at the A31
Poulner Lane Diversion, Ringwood, CJ Baughan
SR569 Some notes on the noise disturbance caused by
motorcycles, PM Nelson
SR585 Fuel utilization of articulated vehicles: effect of
powertrain choice, L Gyenes
SR591 Research on energy conservation for cars and goods
vehicles, MHL Waters
SR593 Effect of fuel prices on traffic, RH Oldfield
SR609 Atmospheric pollution from vehicle emissions:
measurements in situations of restricted dispersion,
AJ Hickman, CA Lunn
SR613 Assessing the effect of traffic congestion on motor
vehicle fuel consumption, L Gyenes
SR620 Noise from urban traffic under interrupted flow
conditions, D Gilbert, L Moore, S Simpson
SR636 Cold start fuel consumption of a diesel and a petrol car,
TC Pearce, MHL Waters
SR656 Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in the atmosphere
in Birmingham, DM Colwill, JD Butler, P Crossley
SR660 Atmospheric pollution from vehicle emissions:
measurements near the North Circular Road, London,
AJ Hickman, CA Lunn
SR687 Fuel consumption testing of heavy goods vehicles,
T Williams, ICP Simmons, DJ Jacklin
SR746 Operational performance of the TRRL quiet heavy
vehicle, PM Nelson, MCP Underwood
SR752 Estimating air pollution from road traffic: a graphical
screening method, VH Waterfield, AJ Hickman
SR761 Nuisance from road construction: studies at Oldham
and Bracknell, RFF Dawson
SR769 Atmospheric pollution from vehicle emissions:
measurements near the tunnel portal at London
(Heathrow) Airport, DM Colwill, AJ Hickman, VH Waterfield
SR774 A national survey of lorry nuisance, CJ Baughan, B Hedges,
J Field
SR795 Some aspects of motorcycle noise emission, PM Nelson,
NF Ross
SR806 A users guide to the computer programs for predicting
air pollution from road traffic, AJ Hickman, VH Waterfield
SR822 The influence of cool engines on car fuel consumption,
BD Armstrong
SR835 Measurement of particulate lead on the M4 motorway
at Harlington, Middlesex fourth report, AJ Hickman
SR840 Exhaust emission from cars in service-changes with
amendments to ECE Regulation 15, DM Colwill,
AJ Hickman, VH Waterfield
This section covers: trafc policy, trafc modelling, trafc
growth, trafc surveys, private funding, legislation, trip
generation, parking, public transport, freight transport,
transport for special groups (disabled, elderly).
Insight Reports (2009 )
INS004 The management and impact of abnormal loads,
NB Taylor
TRL Reports (1995 )
TRL123 The initial effects of introducing commuter omnibus
services in Harare, Zimbabwe, DAC Maunder, TC Mbara
TRL130 Future scenarios for inland surface transport, PH Bly,
PB Hunt, G Maycock, CGB Mitchell, J Porter, RE Allsop
TRL140 Performance of bus priority measures in Shepherds
Bush, AJ Astrop, RJ Balcombe
TRL142 Passenger reactions to present and alternative
travelcard schemes, IO York
TRL150 A survey of occupied wheelchairs to determine their
overall dimensions and characteristics, RE Stait, TA Savill
TRL166 Responses to concessionary fare changes in Tyne and
Wear, RJ Balcombe, AJ Astrop
TRL167 A study of the St Pauls coach park credit card system,
JR Holder, MW Pickett
TRL189 Bike and ride: its value and potential, SB Taylor
TRL190 Review of trip generation studies, M Dasgupta, N Raha,
K Sharman
TRL191 Magnetic pre-payment cards in Canterbury, Whitstable
and Herne Bay, SM Gray, MW Pickett
TRL195 A comparative study of the Telpark and EPS parking
vouchers in Richmond upon Thames, SM Gray, MW Pickett
TRL199 Making railway stations accessible, PR Oxley, C Gallon,
A Fowkes, T Savill
TRL207 The effectiveness of bus-based Park and Ride, MW Pickett,
SM Gray
TRL221 A study of multi-bay meters in Newcastle upon Tyne,
MW Pickett
TRL224 The use of vehicle registration numbers in parking
control equipment, CE Vance, MW Pickett
TRL256 The costs of maintaining and repairing vehicles in
developing countries, MA Cundill, JL Hine, PAK Greening
TRL259 A study of multi-bay meters in Lambeth, JR Holder,
MW Pickett
TRL260 Key issues in rural transport in developing countries,
SD Ellis
TRL263 Constraints, attitudes and travel behaviour of low
income households in two developing cities, CJ Palmer,
A Astrop, DAC Maunder
TRL271 Evaluation of low-floor bus trials in London and North
Tyneside, I York, RJ Balcombe
TRL276 Cycle parking supply and demand, S Taylor, M Halliday
TRL279 Special parking areas in London, S Gray, C Vance, M Pickett
TRL309 Trip end facilities for cyclists, G Gardner, T Ryley
TRL310 A preliminary review of rural cycling, G Gardner, S Gray
TRL330 Information for bus passengers: a study of needs and
priorities, RJ Balcombe, CE Vance
TRL333 The Special Parking Area in the District of Winchester,
CE Vance, MW Pickett, SM Gray
TRL340 A study of selected cycle challenge cycle centres,
G Gardner, N Guthrie
TRL395 Guidance on monitoring local cycle use, DG Davies,
P Emmerson, A Pedlar
TRL342 Review of telematics relevant to public transport,
IJ Wilkinson, KE Perrett, MW Pickett, M Wedlock, G Daugherty
TRL346 Cycling for a healthier nation, LM Pearce, AL Davis,
HD Crombie, HN Boyd
TRL347 Transport implications of leisure cycling, G Gardner
TRL349 Motorway tolling modelling the impact of diversion,
P Gower, S Shearn, J Mitchell
TRL351 Motorway tolling modelling some congestion effects
of diversion, P Gower, J Mitchell
TRL352 The likely effects of motorway tolling on accident risk
phase 2, J Broughton, P Gower
TRL353 A study of household travel in the Meru District of
Kenya, A Airey, MA Cundill
TRL356 Lateral distribution of motorway traffic, EJ Woodgate,
MA Winnett
TRL357 The likely effects of motorway tolling on accident risks,
J Broughton, P Gower
TRL365 Achieving the aims of the National Cycling Strategy:
summary of TRL research, DG Davies, P Emmerson,
G Gardner
TRL366 Concessionary fares: trip generation among elderly
passengers, RJ Balcombe, AJ Astrop, E Hill
TRL369 New cycle owners: expectations and experience,
DG Davies, E Hartley
TRL371 Alternative routes for cyclists around pedestrian areas,
DG Davies, TJ Ryley, ME Halliday
TRL396 Research on monitoring cycle use, P Emmerson, A Pedlar,
DG Davies
TRL397 Traffic calming: environmental assessment of the Leigh
Park Area Safety Scheme in Havant, J Cloke, D Webster,
P Boulter, G Harris, R Stait, P Abbott, L Chinn
TRL399 Workplace parking levy, T Wang, J Sharples
TRL402 Bikes on trains a study of potential users, N Guthrie,
G Gardner
TRL405 The special parking area in Oxford, CE Vance, MW Pickett,
SM Gray
TRL407 Review of developments and technical, institutional
and operational requirements for traffic management
across jurisdictional boundaries, A Maxwell, K Wood,
A Raines, PB Still
TRL409 A comparative assessment of major bus priority
schemes in Great Britain, GG Daugherty, RJ Balcombe,
AJ Astrop
TRL410 Leeds guided busway study, GG Daugherty, RJ Balcombe
TRL411 Monitoring and evaluation of a public transport
priority scheme in Eastleigh, TRL, Transportation
Research Group (Southampton University), University of
TRL412 Monitoring and evaluation of the Bikeabout scheme in
Portsmouth, TRL, Transportation Research Group
(Southampton University), University of Portsmouth
TRL413 Monitoring and evaluation of a public transport priority
scheme in Southampton, TRL, Transportation Research
Group (Southampton University), University of
TRL414 Monitoring and evaluation of a teleworking trial in
Hampshire, TRL, Transportation Research Group
(Southampton University), University of Portsmouth
TRL425 The development of accident-remedial intervention
levels for rural roads, J Barker, S Farmer, M Taylor
TRL441 Turning flows at motorway service areas, SM Gray,
M Al-katib, GS Buckle
TRL468 Institutional and organisational attitudes to cycling,
D Davies, N Brook-Carter, G Gardner
TRL470 A survey of occupied wheelchairs to determine their
overall dimensions and weight: 1999 survey, RE Stait,
J Stone, TA Savill
TRL475 A study to investigate and understand the barriers to
innovation in transport, M Ingrey, A Stevens, E Shove
TRL481 A quantitative study of the attitudes of individuals to
cycling, D Davies, S Gray, G Gardner, G Harland
TRL510 Accidents at junctions on one-way urban roads,
I Summersgill, J Kennedy, RD Hall, A Hickford, SR Barnard
TRL544 Sustainable livelihoods, mobility and access needs,
DF Bryceson, DAC Maunder, TC Mbara, R Kibombo, ASC Davis,
TRL568 Factors influencing trip mode choice, RJ Balcombe,
IO York, DC Webster
TRL569 Trip attraction rates of mixed use developments
summary report, A Pedler
TRL571 The evaluation of delays to freight on the Trunk Road
Network, AS Fowkes, AE Whiteing
TRL593 The demand for public transport: a practical guide,
R Balcombe
TRL616 An investigation into the social exclusion of young
people in relation to transport provision, A Martin,
V Moreland, H Harper, P Huggins
TRL628 An investigation into the social exclusion of young
people in relation to transport provision: a literature
review, H Harper
Published Project Reports (2004 )
PPR030 Updating and validating parameters INCA, BA Frith,
TE Sutch, G Lunt, J Fearon
PPR106 In-depth interviews with van drivers and managers of
van drivers, B Lang
PPR113 Literature review on van use in the UK, B Lang, L Rehm
PPR139 Access to air travel for disabled people: 2005
monitoring study, J Sentinella
PPR173 Development of a speed limit strategy for the Highway
Agency proposed strategy, A Fails, D Lynam, R Gorell,
P Wells
PPR193 Channel corridor community transport study final
report, A Davies, C Burke, K Townley, S Reid
PPR194 Evaluating congestion caused by abnormal loads final
report, N Taylor, T Rees, P Sanger, K Alexander, D Savage
PPR195 Evaluating congestion caused by abnormal loads
summary report, N Taylor, T Rees, P Sanger, K Alexander,
D Savage
PPR196 Modelling congestion caused by abnormal loads,
N Taylor
PPR320 Review of the future development of SISTM, E Hardman
PPR323 Movement of abnormal indivisible loads at night final
report, N Bourne, L Crinson, E Hardman, T Luke, J Martin,
J Rutter, N Taylor, J Weekley
PPR347 Estimating the impact of abnormal loads on the PSA
Value, NB Taylor
PPR348 A review of literature on the nature of the impact of
roadworks on traffic movement and delay, N Bourne,
W Gillan, SO Notley, N Taylor, D Webster
PPR370 Review of the management of C&U and STGO
abnormal loads, EJ Hardman, NB Taylor, J Weekley, S Notley,
R Smith, N Bourne, J Rutter
PPR401 Evaluating impacts of completed rail research, C Read,
V Ramdas (TRL), D Golightly, J Wilson, N Dadashi (University of
Nottingham), R Palacin, M Robinson (NewRail, Newcastle
PPR450 Applying mathematical fusion techniques to traffic and
transport data, SO Notley
TRF Fellowship Lectures
MISC1 Tax or toll? G Clarke
MISC2 Fair and efficient pricing in transport policy and
research, C Nash
MISC10 Building a wider Europe A venture in the East, J Ekins
MISC13 In search of sustainable urban transport strategies, T May
MISC14 The deregulation and privatisation of public transport
in Britain: twenty years on, J Preston
MISC16 New thoughts on a pragmatic structure for managing
roads, M Snaith
MISC17 Road pricing: the economical and technical possibilities,
foreword by RJ Smeed
MISC20 Accidents, exposure and cameras: the role of predictive
accident models in traffic safety analysis, M Maher
MISC21 Understanding childrens travel behaviour in the local
environment: the implications for physical activity and
health, R Mackett
TRF001 Fifty years of motorways: how did we get there and
where do we go to next? D Bayliss
TRF003 The future for GB container terminals, MGH Bell
TRF004 25+ years of marketisation and institutional change: are
we getting a better deal from transport? D Quarmby
TRF005 Public or private? Meeting growing transport needs in
an age of austerity, S Glaister
Annual Research Reviews
ARR2004 Annual Research Review 2004
ARR2005 Annual Research Review 2005
ARR2006 Annual Research Review 2006
ARR2007 Annual Research Review 2007
ARR2008 Annual Research Review 2008
ARR2009 Annual Research Review 2009
Research Reports (19851993)
RR13 Accessibility of public transport in Tyne and Wear,
SR Jones
RR22 The regulation of minibuses in the European
community, L Pickup
RR48 Car ownership and use in Kenya, MA Cundill
RR49 Effect of prices on petrol and diesel sales in Kenya,
MA Cundill
RR72 Competition between bus services: the results of a
modelling exercise, RH Oldfield, P Emmerson
RR82 A comparison of public transport in three medium
sized cities of India, PR Fouracre, DAC Maunder
RR85 Operational trials with a wheelchair-accessible taxi,
MS Hall, DT Silcock, JG James
RR88 The East Sussex transport broker a preliminary report,
HEH Davies
RR94 The effects of cross-subsidy in an urban bus network,
P Emmerson, PH Bly
RR95 Predicting travelcard purchase studies in the West
Midlands and Nottingham, AO Grigg
RR107 Bus deregulation in Great Britain: a review of the
opening stages, RJ Balcombe, JM Hopkin, KE Perrett,
WS Clough
RR112 An assessment of the East Sussex co-ordinated rural
transport project (ESCORT), AO Grigg
RR117 Municipal bus operation: the effect of the 1985
Transport Act in three cities, IH Hawthorne, DA Walmsley
RR121 Travel demand characteristics in three medium sized
Indian cities, PR Fouracre, DAC Maunder
RR127 Bus trip generation from concessionary fares schemes:
a study of six towns, PB Goodwin, JM Hopkin, RP Mckenzie
RR139 Deregulation of local bus services: interim results from
non-metropolitan study areas, JM Rickard, RD Fairhead,
PF Watts
RR148 The impact of the 1985 Transport Act on the taxi
industry, DJ Finch
RR151 Bus service levels in urban areas: effects on bus use and
travel behaviour, JM Hopkin, PM Jones, G Stokes
RR152 Route-specific bus subsidies in Norfolk, RJ Balcombe,
IH Hawthorne
RR153 Urban safety project. 1: design and implementation of
schemes, DA Lynam, AM Mackie, CH Davies
RR154 Urban safety project. 2: Interim results for area wide
schemes, AM Mackie, HA Ward, RT Walker
RR161 Bus deregulation in Great Britain: a review of the first
year, RJ Balcombe, JM Hopkin, KE Perrett
RR164 A trial of magnetically-encoded travel passes in
Eastbourne, MW Pickett
RR165 Concessionary fare schemes in Great Britain in 1986,
DM OReilly
RR168 Some early effects of the 1985 Transport Act in
Strathclyde, K Perrett, J Hopkin, D Ferguson
RR173 Bus service competition in Aberdeen, IH Hawthorne
RR182 An evaluation of the East Sussex transport broker,
AO Grigg
RR186 The effects of bus service reductions in urban areas:
case studies in Oxford and Manchester, JM Hopkin,
PR Oxley
RR188 A trial of magnetically encoded travel passes in Andover,
MW Pickett, CJ Vickers
RR190 The effects of the 1985 Transport Act in West Yorkshire,
DA Walmsley, PG Headicar
RR200 Some early effects of the 1985 Transport Act in Greater
Manchester, MW Pickett, D Tibke
RR203 Concessionary fares and childrens travel patterns: an
analysis based on the 1978/79 NTS, DM OReilly
RR204 Taxi and private hire car operation at Ipswich rail station,
DJ Finch
RR210 The effect of bus deregulation in metropolitan areas,
KE Perrett, JM Hopkin, MW Pickett, DA Walmsley
RR215 Rural transport advisers, AO Grigg
RR219 Effects of the first year of the 1985 Transport Act on
Merseyside, K Perrett, J Hopkin, R Donald
RR221 Passenger attitudes to bus deregulation in Great Britain,
DA Walmsley, GJ Simpson
RR222 Parking surveys a comparison of data collection
techniques, G Dean
RR226 The early effects of the 1985 Transport Act in Tyne and
Wear, DA Walmsley
RR229 The bus registration index. A national database of
deregulated bus services, KE Perrett
RR230 The integration of private operators in public local
transport in the Federal Republic of Germany,
P Kompfner
RR231 Effects of the 1985 Transport Act in West Midlands,
MW Pickett, DA Blackledge
RR240 Taxi licensing and the size of the industry in 1989,
RD Fairhead
RR241 Prepaid parking vouchers in Bath, DA Jebson, JE Collins
RR247 Effects of the Transport Act 1985 outside the
conurbations: a comparative study, RJ Balcombe, H Masey
RR258 The effects of rapid transit on public transport and
urban development summary report, DA Walmsley,
KE Perrett
RR269 Urban minibuses in Britain: development, user
responses, operations and finances, PF Watts, RP Turner,
PR White
RR272 Competition between bus companies in St Austell,
HF James, JM Hopkin
RR278 The performance and impact of rail mass transit in
developing countries, PR Fouracre, RJ Allport, JM Thomson
RR282 Competition between bus companies in Whitehaven,
JM Hopkin, HF James
RR283 Competition between bus companies in Stockton,
HF James, JM Hopkin
RR291 An analysis of concessionary bus fare schemes for OAPs
using the 1985/86 National Travel Survey, DM OReilly
RR292 Shared taxi schemes in Britain: lessons learned in
Ipswich, RJ Balcombe, DJ Finch, D Hollings, H Inwood
RR294 The impact of bus regulatory policy in five African cities,
DAC Maunder
RR314 Pakistan road freight industry: an overview, JL Hine,
AS Chilver
RR326 Company travel assistance in the London area,
P Kompfner, RHC Hudson, K Shoarian-Sattari, DM Todd
RR333 Pakistan road freight industry: the productivity and time
use of commercial vehicles, JL Hine
RR334 The impact of a controlled parking zone in Barnet,
J Smith
RR335 Light rail accidents in Europe and North America,
DA Walmsley
RR337 Bus safety and maintenance following deregulation,
A Astrop, RJ Balcombe, DJ Finch
RR341 The 1989 TRRL London taxi survey, DJ Finch
RR352 The costs and patronage of rapid transit systems
compared with forecasts, DA Walmsley, MW Pickett
RR353 Bus competition in Great Britain since 1986: a national
review, RJ Balcombe, AJ Astrop, RD Fairhead
RR374 Taxis and private hire cars in Great Britain outside
London in 1992, RD Fairhead
RR376 A strategic transport model for the London area,
RH Oldfield
Contractor Reports (19851993)
CR37 Comparison of the use of COBA, CONTRAM and
TRAFFICQ for the economic appraisal of road
improvement schemes in urban areas, RE Allsop,
MJH Mogridge, JP Silcock, S Gallivan
CR42 NBCs urban minibuses: a review and financial appraisal,
RP Turner, PR White
CR140 Urban rail transit an appraisal, BJ Simpson
CR220 The financial viability of bus operators since
deregulation, Price Waterhouse
CR321 NETCOM: the TRL visual condition model for road
networks, HR Kerali, MS Snaith
Laboratory Reports (19661985)
LR5 London traffic survey no 11, 1964, JE Eaton
LR7 Some effects of increased parking meter charges in
London, 1965, J Inwood
LR11 Trends in traffic conditions in Central Glasgow,
19541964, JW Tyler, J Miller
LR23 A theoretical model for the design of a motorway
system, JC Tanner
LR31 Vehicle-mileage in the United States and in Britain,
JC Tanner
LR42 A study of traffic crossing a cordon round central
London, April 1965, PW Munt
LR43 Theoretical average journey lengths in circular towns
with various routeing systems, EM Holroyd
LR45 50-point traffic census: results for 1965, JB Dunn
LR71 Single track roads in the Scottish Highlands (further
traffic studies 1964), MS Walker, JW Tyler, JR Lake
LR79 Cost of road accidents in Great Britain, RFF Dawson
LR87 Accidents at rural three-way junctions, MG Colgate,
JC Tanner
LR95 The Glasgow experiment: schemes and equipmenet,
JA Hillier
LR114 Effect of one days withdrawal of taxi services on traffic
in the West End of London, M Marlow
LR119 50-point census results for 1966, JB Dunn
LR134 Estimated expenditure on road transport in Great
Britain in 1965 and in 1966, RFF Dawson
LR136 Driver following on the M4 motorway during a holiday
and a normal weekend in 1966, PL Harms
LR140 Equipment for the automatic measurement of
headway speed and wheelbase of vehicles, PL Harms
LR141 Studies of travel in Gloucester, Northampton and
Reading, MA Taylor
LR165 A theoretical estimate of the effect of London car
commuters transferring to bus travel, FV Webster
LR203 An economic comparison of motorways with two and
three lanes in each direction, JC Tanner
LR209 A study of road traffic crossing the cordons round the
central areas of eight towns with populations ranging
from 18,000 to 8 million, PW Munt, FV Webster
LR221 Parking. Dynamic capacities of car parks, PB Ellson
LR222 50 point traffic census results for 1967, JB Dunn,
P Sheppard
LR237 Some theoretical calculations of journey times on
rectangular grid motorway systems, JA Timbers, JC Tanner
LR284 Accessibility of a point to random destinations in a
uniform circular town, HR Kirby
LR288 Forecasts of vehicles and traffic in Great Britain,
AH Tulpule
LR289 Parking: effects of stall markings on the positioning of
parked cars, PB Ellson, DM Bellchambers, RJ Button, PJ Summer
LR294 Traffic survey at 1300 sites: analysis of carriageway
widths, JC Tanner
LR295 The distribution of traffic in Great Britain through the 24
hours of the day in 1968, JB Dunn, IJ Hutchings
LR302 50 point traffic census for 1968, JB Dunn
LR315 The excess fuel consumed by cars when starting from
cold, PF Everall, J Northrop
LR354 Recent trends in vehicle use in the United States and in
Britain, AH Tulpule
LR384 The Glasgow experiment: Plident and after, J Holroyd,
JA Hillier
LR388 A survey of road safety in schools: education and other
factors, HV Colborne, KJ Sargent
LR411 A perturbation model for congested and overloaded
transportation networks, M Ramsay Wigan, TJG Bamford
LR416 Car journey times in London 1970, DA Lynam, PF Everall
LR420 Measuring the effectiveness of area traffic control
systems, J Holroyd, D Owens
LR422 Implementation of traffic restraint, G Maycock
LR425 Nicosia transportation study 19681970, E Dalby,
G Jacobs
LR426 The value of motorists time: a study in Italy, JAB Wolfe,
RFF Dawson, PF Everall
LR427 A review of rural traffic-counting methods in developing
countries, JM Gregory, BR Spicer, JDGF Howe
LR428 Traffic census results for 1970, JB Dunn
LR429 Trends in transport of freight in Great Britain, AH Tulpule
LR436 Channel Tunnel: pedestrian movements in proposed
ferry trains, MA Cundill
LR439 Vehicle operating costs in 1970, RFF Dawson
LR448 Priority to buses as part of traffic management,
FV Webster
LR451 A theoretical study of bus and car travel in central
London, FV Webster, RH Oldfield
LR452 Traffic flows on M4 motorway, 19611970, R Caplan,
NC Duncan
LR462 The space-averaging of deterrent functions for use in
gravity model distribution calculations, J Beardwood
LR473 The optimization of the vertical alignment of the M5
motorway from Chelston to Blackbrook, KH Withey
LR475 An investigation into bilingual (Welsh/ English) traffic
signs, KS Rutley
LR486 Estimation of road construction costs in St Lucia using
computer optimization techniques, JW Hodges
LR497 Pedestrian and cycle journeys in English urban areas,
CGB Mitchell
LR501 A modal split model for long distance travel, MR Wigan,
DA Walmsley
LR513 A brief analysis of 60 successful tenders quantities and
prices in new road construction, 1969, JG James
LR516 The sensitivity to traffic estimates of road planning in
developing countries, JDGF Howe
LR521 Bus boarding and alighting times, MA Cundill, PF Watts
LR535 The Glasgow experiment: the effect of SIGOP and
TRANSYT on bus journey times, D Owens
LR543 Forecasts of vehicles and traffic in Great Britain 1972
revision, AH Tulpule
LR548 Traffic census results for 1971, JB Dunn
LR549 The distribution of hourly volumes of traffic at fifty sites
in 1970, L Gyenes
LR551 A study of traffic conflicts at six intersections, BR Spicer
LR556 Urban freight distribution: a study of operations in High
Street Putney, AW Christie, J Prudhoe, MA Cundill
LR558 50-point traffic census: the automatic processing of
hourly flows, L Gyenes
LR569 Strategies for area traffic control system: present and
future, J Holroyd, DI Robertson
LR574 Development and calibration of the CRISTAL transport
planning model, JC Tanner, L Gyenes, DA Lynam, SV Magee,
AH Tulpule
LR576 A survey of bus crew scheduling practices, RD Andrews
LR577 Pedestrians and shopping centre layout: a review of the
current situation, E Dalby
LR598 A method of estimating the distribution of speeds of
cars on motorways, NC Duncan
LR603 Urban freight distribution: studies of operations in
shopping streets at Newbury and Camberley,
AW Christie, RS Bartlett, MA Cundill, J Prudhoe
LR607 A parametric model of inter-city passenger transport: an
interim report, RJ Balcombe, DJ Rutherford, DA Walmsley
LR618 Traffic census results for 1972, JB Dunn
LR622 An analysis of some world transport statistics, AH Tulpule
LR628 Commercial traffic studies, EWH Currer
LR630 A review of market prospects for battery electric road
vehicles Part 1, MHL Waters, J Porter
LR631 A review of market prospects for battery electric road
vehicles Part 2, J Porter, M Briggs
LR637 Laboratory evaluation of bus control strategies by
simulation, PH Bly, RL Jackson
LR638 Speed/flow relations on recreational roads, JA Forsgate,
JN Hammond
LR65 Traffic survey equipment for measuring journey time
and stopped time, RA Vincent
LR672 The Kenya road transport cost study: research on vehicle
operating costs, H Hide, SW Abaynayaka, I Sayer, RJ Wyatt
LR694 The operational characteristics of the Carterton dial-a-
bus service, PF Watts
LR697 Runcorn busway study, RA Vincent, RE Layfield, MD Bardsley
LR704 Fare structure for bus stage services, FV Webster
LR705 Motorway traffic patterns, E Hollis, R Evans
LR710 The cost of using light vehicles for town-centre
deliveries and collections, JA Battilana
LR712 An evaluation of bus control systems by simulation,
RL Jackson
LR713 1975 Turkey traffic survey (Ankara-Instanbul
Expressway): axle loading, TE Jones, R Robinson
LR721 ALSA: a program for the analysis of axle-load survey
data, R Robinson
LR723 Tables for estimating vehicle operating costs on rural
roads in developing countries, SW Abaynayaka, H Hide,
G Morosiuk, R Robinson
LR726 Temporal stability and forecasting ability of trip
generation models in Reading, JD Downes, L Gyenes
LR733 The effect of fares on bus patronage, PH Bly
LR741 Design and cost of a transhipment depot, JA Battilana,
IH Hawthorne
LR742 An interview survey of motorway driver information
requirements and signal understanding, C Andrew
LR743 Space-sharing by pedestrians and vehicles, E Dalby
LR747 A comparative cost/benefit assessment of Minitram and
other urban transport systems, MG Langdon
LR749 A theoretical model for estimating the effects of fares,
traffic restraint and bus priority in Central London,
RH Oldfield
LR754 Forecasting rural road travel in developing countries
from studies of land use, JDGF Howe, BS Tennant
LR759 An analysis of the study by Hertfordshire County Council
for the heavy commercial vehicles act, AW Christie, M Hull
LR767 A study of some factors affecting bus service
performance, RL Jackson, GA Coe, AJ Finnamore
LR768 A reanalysis of California driver vision data: general
findings, BL Hills, A Burg
LR769 An opinion survey of the Yorkshire Dales rail service in
1975, AO Grigg, PG Smith
LR771 Urban passenger transport: some trends and prospects,
FV Webster
LR772 Intermediate public transport in developing countries,
PR Fouracre
LR776 Journeys to school: a survey of secondary schools in
Berkshire and Surrey, JP Rigby, PJ Hyde
LR786 A survey of southbound motorway travel on the M1
and M6 in 1974, NJ Paulley, N Taylor, DA Walmsley
LR789 The preliminary design of many-to-few Dial-a-Bus
services, RJ Tunbridge, CGB Mitchell
LR790 An analysis of travel patterns using the 1972/73
National Travel Survey, JP Rigby
LR791 The optimisation of public transport in small towns,
PH Martin, RJ Tunbridge
LR792 Swindon freight study: assessment of possible no entry
except for access controls, MA Cundill, C Deaves,
DR Edmondson, SP McCarthy
LR793 Swindon freight study: assessment of possible no entry
controls, MA Cundill, C Deaves, DR Edmondson, SP McCarthy
LR797 The special uniformity of trip rates in the Reading area
in 1971, F Fawcett, JD Downes
LR799 Car ownership trends and forecasts, JC Tanner
LR805 Nottingham zones and collar study overall
assessment, RA Vincent, RE Layfield
LR807 Evaluation by simulation of control strategies for a high
frequency bus service, RL Jackson
LR808 Patterns of travel to school and work in Reading in 1971,
DE Lomax, JD Downes
LR815 Collection and dissemination of transport information
in a local authority, M Das
LR821 Survey sample size and planning data requirements for
trip generation models, D Morrell
LR823 An investigation of a battery-trolley bus system, R Weeks
LR825 Costs and benefits of a bus-service information leaflet,
PB Ellson, RGP Tebb
LR826 A simulation approach to evaluating the environmental
effects of roads and traffic, PF Rosman
LR827 Results of the first phase of the Solihull Dial-a-Bus
experiment, PH Martin, DS Moncrieff
LR829 Hull freight study: assessment of possible area lorry
controls, RS Bartlett, DR Edmondson, SP McCarthy
LR830 Some benefits of an integrated public transport travel
information system, MW Pickett
LR840 British postbuses a review, PF Watts, DC Stark,
IH Hawthorne
LR842 A survey of southbound motorway travel on the M6, M5
and M1 in 1975, EJ Hardman
LR843 Cycle ownership and use in Great Britain, A Stores
LR846 Hull freight study: assessment of a possible lorry
network and proposed road improvements, RS Bartlett,
DR Edmondson, SP McCarthy
LR847 Comparative assessment of demand responsive and
fixed route bus services, RJ Tunbridge, DMJ Hale
LR848 Bus services in small towns, PH Martin
LR849 Travel to work in Britain: a selective review, M Das
LR850 The mobility of old people: a study in Guildford,
JM Hopkin, P Robson, SW Town
LR851 Bus control systems: their application and justification,
AJ Finnamore, RL Jackson
LR853 Access to hospitals: a literature review, JP Rigby
LR856 Anglo-Scottish car travel from surveys on the A74 road
near Lockerbie, EJ Hardman, MJ Walker
LR861 Three surveys of the visual intrusion of roads in rural
landscapes, AO Grigg, L Huddart
LR862 High-speed pedestrian conveyors a review, A Naysmith
LR866 A parametric model of inter-city passenger transport,
DA Walmsley
LR872 Effect of car ownership on bus patronage, RH Oldfield
LR873 Vehicle booking at common-user deep-sea container
terminals, AC Bailey, J Prudhoe
LR874 Cycle routes in Portsmouth. ii Traffic studies,
FJ Nicholson
LR875 Cycle routes in Portsmouth. iii Attitude surveys,
SW Quenault
LR877 The choice of route, mode, origin and destination by
calculation and simulation, DI Robertson, JV Kennedy
LR881 Modelling the demand for long distance day trips to the
Lake District, PAK Greening, JC Miles
LR885 Peak public transport: an area study, RL Jackson, PH Martin
LR893 Car-sharing and car-pooling in Great Britain: the recent
situation and potential, RA Vincent, K Wood
LR904 Cycle routes in Peterborough interim report,
SW Quenault, JM Morgan
LR906 An opinion survey of the Yorkshire Dales rail service in
1977, AO Grigg, L Huddart
LR910 Commercial traffic: its estimated damaging effect,
19452005, EWH Currer, MGD OConnor
LR917 The effects of installing an audible signal for pedestrians
at a light controlled junction, DG Wilson
LR923 The use of local bus services, CGB Mitchell
LR928 A comparison of optimal minibus, dial-a-bus and
conventional bus services, RJ Tunbridge
LR930 Life-cycle changes in household structure and travel
characteristics, JD Downes
LR943 The effects of a temporary withdrawal of buses in Leeds,
K Wood
LR948 The social distribution of mobility and travel patterns,
SW Town
LR951 Distribution models for the journey to work, JC Tanner
LR952 The economics of stage carriage operation by private
bus and coach companies, RJ Tunbridge, RL Jackson
LR962 The Northampton taxi study, RL Jackson, GA Coe
LR966 Variation of household and person travel time budgets
in Reading, JD Downes
LR967 Accessibility measures: a literature review, SR Jones
LR968 Methods of forecasting kilometres per car, JC Tanner
LR969 The ownership and use of cars by elderly people,
JM Hopkin
LR971 Housewives mobility and travel patterns, L Pickup
LR976 Response to a bus service for countryside recreation: a
home interview survey, L Huddart
LR978 Rail and air travel between London and Scotland:
analysis of competition using Box-Jenkins methods,
GM Jenkins, E Abbie, JT Everest, NJ Paulley
LR983 Demand for bus travel: the effects of service and fare
changes in Gosport and Fareham, RE Layfield
LR990 Leaflets giving information about existing urban public
transport services: requirements, design and
comprehensibility, PB Ellson, RGP Tebb
LR991 Benefits and costs of providing additional information
about urban public transport services, PB Ellson, RGP Tebb
LR993 The elasticity of medium-distance rail travel, RH Oldfield,
E Tyler
LR994 The application of accessibility measures in Gwent:
travel to hospitals and shops, Joint Working Group of
TRRL, Gwent County Council
LR995 An empirical test of a model for the choice of home and
workplace location, J Broughton
LR1000 Predicting the use of stage service buses in Great Britain,
RH Oldfield, PH Bly, FV Webster
LR1001 Determining optimum routes from maps, NB Taylor,
DJ Jeffery
LR1002 Optimum axle loads of commercial vehicles in
developing countries, J Rolt
LR1005 Sample survey of the roads of Great Britain 1974/75,
HD Johnson
LR1006 Bullock cart haulage in Sri Lanka, AJ Plumbe, DJ Savage
LR1007 The role of the agricultural tractor in road haulage in Sri
Lanka, AJ Plumbe, HM Byrne
LR1008 Transport policies in Sri Lanka and some consequences,
AJ Plumbe, PG Hill
LR1009 Pleasure motoring and the view from the road, WG Ford
LR1011 The taxi and private hire car industries in England and
Wales, GA Coe, RL Jackson
LR1016 Ways and means for improving driver route guidance,
DJ Jeffery
LR1026 Rural recreational transport: the Sunday bus
experiment, PAK Greening, P Slater
LR1027 Analysis of six techniques to identify need for public
transport, CM Bird
LR1031 Vehicle operating costs in the Caribbean: results of a
survey of vehicle operators, H Hide
LR1036 Trials of computer-generated public transport travel
information in Wiltshire, MW Pickett
LR1038 Developments in long-distance commuter coaching
following the Transport Act 1980, RD Fairhead, RL Jackson,
PF Watts
LR1044 Accuracy of trip forecasts based on simple distribution
models, P Emmerson
LR1045 Shopping travel patterns in Tyne and Wear: a before-
Metro profile, J Fullerton
LR1046 Road planning for rural development in developing
countries: a review of current practice, JL Hine
LR1048 Multiple choice models in transport assessment,
MG Langdon
LR1053 The influence of road geometry at a sample of accident
sites, PA McBean
LR1054 Mobility and access to employment opportunities: a
comparison of inner and outer areas of Greater
Manchester, M Dasgupta
LR1055 An accessibility analysis of the impact of the M25
motorway, SR Jones
LR1056 Vehicle operating costs in the Caribbean: an
experimental study of vehicle performance, G Morosiuk,
SW Abaynayaka
LR1057 The TRRL Road Investment Model for developing
countries (RTIM2), LL Parsley, R Robinson
LR1059 Goods vehicle trip generation and attraction by
industrial and commercial premises, RS Bartlett,
WH Newton
LR1062 The Basingstoke taxi and private hire car study,
PAK Greening, RL Jackson
LR1064 Walking as a mode of transport, CGB Mitchell, RGF Stokes
LR1068 Travel-to-work characteristics of different labour-force
groups: a survey in Manchester, M Dasgupta
LR1070 International comparisons of cars and car usage,
JC Tanner
LR1072 A lagged model for car ownership forecasting, JC Tanner
LR1074 Transfer of passenger to rail services in Glasgow,
IH Hawthorne
LR1076 Changes in population density in England and Wales,
EM Holroyd
LR1090 A comparison of methods for coding addresses in travel
surveys, JC Miles, DA Walmsley
LR1091 The potential for postbus development, PF Watts
LR1092 Land-use patterns and travel, BH Bland
LR1096 The validation of a model for the journey to work,
J Broughton
LR1097 A disaggregate modelling study of modal choice for the
journey to work, RJ Tunbridge, RL Jackson
LR1098 Developments in stage carriage bus fares before and
after the Transport Act 1980, GA Coe, RL Jackson
LR1100 Residential mobility among council tenants the role of
transport and accessibility, L Pickup
LR1106 Travel characteristics of seven French cities, RH Johnston
LR1107 Some aspects of new car registrations, JC Tanner
LR1114 Effect of fuel price on fuel use and travel patterns,
BH Bland
LR1116 Modelling the car market, JC Tanner
LR1126 Parking: turnover capacities of car parks, PB Ellson
LR1127 Express coach services in the three years following the
1980 Transport Act, AJ Barton, JT Everest
LR1131 Deregulation of bus services in the trial areas 1981
1984, RD Fairhead, RJ Balcombe
LR1134 Cycle theft, JM Morgan, R Roth
LR1135 The role of taxis and private hire cars in Great Britain,
RL Jackson
LR1136 The effects of wheel clamping in Central London,
RM Kimber
Supplementary Reports (19731985)
SR4 uc Bus priority experiment on test track-organisational
aspects, BR Cooper
SR7 uc Optimisation of a fixed route bus network, PH Bly
SR9 uc A computer program retaining precise location in
household survey analysis, JE Beardwood
SR13 uc Theoretical application of a gravity model to travel in a
circular town, HR Kirby
SR23 uc The effects on transport benefit evaluation of user
misperception of costs, TJG Bamford, MR Wigan
SR25 uc Overall trends in the development of transport:
19801990, A Silverleaf
SR27 uc Optimisation of a simple model bus network, PH Bly,
RH Oldfield
SR28 uc A study of factors affecting vehicle speeds on rural roads
in Kenya, SW Abaynayaka, JDGF Howe, GD Jacobs, G Morosiuk
SR30 uc Public access to national and forest parks: a programme
of research, JA Forsgate
SR32 uc Traffic census design in Malawi, GD Jacobs, DH Blackmore
SR36 uc Symposium on Public Transport Fare Structure:
summary of proceedings held Transport and Road
Research Laboratory, Crowthorne 2830 November
SR37 uc Symposium on Public Transport Fare Structure: papers
and discussion. Proceedings of a Symposium at TRRL,
Crowthorne, 2830 November 1973
SR38 uc Self-drive taxi systems: a preliminary feasibility study,
C Beaumont Lewis
SR39 uc Parking: reservoir sizes at car park exits, RE Layfield
SR40 uc The application of CRISTAL to evaluate changes in travel
charges in London, DA Lynam
SR43 uc 1971 Repeat survey of travel in the Reading area,
JD Downes, R Wroot
SR55 uc A simplified form of the CRISTAL transport planning
model, EM Holroyd, JC Tanner
SR61 uc The LEV suite of survey analysis computer programs,
PJF Millier
SR64 uc Characteristics of households with and without cars in
1970, IA Alston, AH Tulpule
SR65 uc Transport demand models based on personal
characteristics, AJ Harris, JC Tanner
SR68 uc Elasticity of demand for public transport, AJ Daly, HS Gale
SR73 uc Terminal access times in North-West England,
DA Walmsley, M Cox
SR75 uc Parking policy when enforcement is limited, MR Wigan,
TJ Bamford
SR76 uc Research and public transport, FV Webster
SR83 Layout of lorry parks: dimensions of stalls and aisles,
M Brannam, JD Longmore
SR91 uc Off-street servicing for shops: operations in a small
service area, J Prudhoe
SR94 uc The stop-times of one-man buses in Copenhagen, the
Hague, Amsterdam, and Rotterdam, PF Watts
SR97 uc A66 reconstruction before and after attitude survey,
L Huddart
SR102 uc The distribution of aggregates estimates of the direct
costs of road haulage, MH Glover
SR106 uc The work of the Transport and Road Research
laboratory, A Silverleaf
SR108 uc Bus route costing for planning purposes, Arthur Andersen
& Co.
SR110 uc TRRL and the future, A Silverleaf
SR114 uc Passenger handling performance of one-man buses,
PF Watts
SR116 uc Elasticities of demand for travel, R Oldfield
SR117 uc Through and access commercial vehicle traffic in towns,
PJ Mackie, GB Urquhart
SR123 uc Dial-a-ride in Britain: experience to mid-1974 and
research programme, GGB Mitchell, R Slevin
SR162 (2nd revison) Reports on roads and transport planning in
tropical and sub-tropical countries, L Cooper
SR336 Symposium on Unconventional Bus Services.
Proceedings of a Symposium held at TRRL, Crowthorne,
67 October 1976. Summaries of papers and
SR467 Voluntary and social services transport in Birmingham,
Redditch and Bromsgrove, JM Bailey
SR483 The predictive accuracy of British Transport Studies a
feasibility study, IH Mackinder
SR485 The organisation and role of private bus and coach
companies, RL Jackson, PH Martin
SR491 Rural transport experiments: the Ripon flexibus: a report
by the North Yorkshire Rutex Working Group, Rutex
Working Group
SR504 A survey of transport on pleasure trips from Newport,
Gwent, L Huddart
SR511 Financially viable works bus services, RL Jackson, I Johnston
SR514 Accuracy of annual traffic flow estimates from short
period counts, G Phillips
SR515 Accuracy of annual traffic flow estimates from
automatic counts, G Phillips
SR516 Car pooling in the USA: a British perspective, PW Bonsall
SR520 Passenger problems on moving buses based on reports
by Leyland Vehicles Ltd in association with Motor
Industry Research Association
SR523 Choice of model structure for car ownership
forecasting, JC Tanner
SR524 Analysis of rail and air passenger flows between London
and Glasgow using Box-Jenkins methods, G McLeod,
JT Everest, NJ Paulley
SR525 Rural transport experiments: the Mid-Devon lift-giving
scheme a report by the Devon Rutex Working Group
SR538 Manchester travel-to-work survey: survey method and
preliminary results, M Dasgupta
SR539 A survey of recreational traffic in the Yorkshire Dales,
PAK Greening, PG Smith
SR541 Subsidisation of urban public transport, PH Bly,
FV Webster, S Pounds
SR546 Public transport in Kingston, Jamaica and its relation to
low income households, MJ Heraty
SR552 Rural transport experiments: the Northallerton Hospital
Transport Service a report by the North Yorkshire
Rutex Working Group
SR553 Estimation of demand for works bus services, DMJ Hale,
RL Jackson
SR555 An empirical investigation into the determinants of
travel time, LS Prendergast, RD Williams
SR558 The visual impact of cars parked in the countryside,
C Futers
SR560 Road surface irregularity and vehicle ride. Part 3: Riding
comfort in coaches and heavy goods vehicles,
DRC Cooper, JC Young
SR563 A survey of attitudes to car sharing: a data base for
microsimulation, PW Bonsall
SR564 Microsimulation of organised car sharing: description of
the models and calibration, PW Bonsall
SR565 Predicted performance of organized car-sharing
schemes, PW Bonsall
SR568 The design of traffic management schemes.
Proceedings of a Seminar held at Transport and Road
Research Laboratory, Crowthorne, 910 May 1978,
DR Leonard (Ed)
SR570 Rural transport experiments: the Taw Valley car service
a report by the Devon Rutex Working Group
SR572 Trends in road goods transport 19621977, MA Cundill,
BA Shane
SR579 Rural transport experiments: South Exmoor car service
a report by the Devon Rutex Working Group
SR580 Developments in freight transport, PJ Corcoran,
AJ Hitchcock, CM Mcmahon
SR584 The rural transport experiments. Proceedings of a
Symposium held at TRRL, Crowthorne, on 8 November
SR589 Rural transport experiments: Colsterdale car service a
report by the North Yorkshire Rutex Working Group
SR590 Higher gross weight goods vehicles operating costs
and road damage factors, PJ Corcoran, MH Glover, BA Shane
SR594 Rural transport experiments: Hackforth and district car
sharing service a report by the North Yorkshire Rutex
Working Group
SR605 Non-transport influences on travel patterns, SW Town
SR606 People and roads in the Lake District: a study of the A66
road improvement scheme, P Prescott-Clarke
SR607 Driving patterns of light goods vehicles in urban traffic,
R Wood
SR614 Fares elasticity of suburban rail travel, P Hughes
SR618 Rural transport experiments: Stair service a report by
the Scottish Rutex Working Group
SR629 Urban bus revenue collection: current methods and
directions of development, PF Watts, A Naysmith
SR637 The contribution of the social sciences to transport
research in France, M Benwell
SR638 Assessments of four lorry controls involving short
diversions, AW Christie, J Prudhoe
SR639 Transport and the search for work: a study in Greater
Manchester, B Hedges, JM Hopkin
SR641 The elasticities of passenger demand for bus services: a
case study in Telford, GB Urquhart, CM Buchanan
SR643 Car travel from Scotland to England on the A74 road in
October 1977, J Wood
SR644 The effect of income on bus travel, RH Oldfield
SR649 Time series analysis of Glasgow suburban rail
patronage, DC Stark
SR650 The Glasgow rail impact study, H Gentleman, CGB Mitchell,
DA Walmsley, J Wicks
SR657 The production, dissemination and costs of an
integrated public transport travel information system,
MW Pickett
SR659 A comparison of public transport in cities in South East
Asia, DJ Case, JCR Latchford
SR661 Speeds and flows on the M1 in Bedfordshire during
1978 and 1979, CJ Lines
SR664 Works bus services to two industrial estates in
Northampton, RJ Tunbridge
SR665 Rural transport experiments: Ruralink service a report
by the Scottish Rutex Working Group
SR666 Rural transport experiments: South Ayrshire Hospital
Transport Service a report by the Scottish Rutex
Working Group
SR669 Saturation levels in car ownership models: some recent
data, JC Tanner
SR671 Quantifying the inter-industry effects of investment: an
application of input-output analysis, PG Hill, DJ Savage
SR673 Household and travel characteristics in two residential
areas of Delhi, India 1979, DAC Maunder, PR Fouracre,
MG Pathak, CH Rao
SR678 The minibuses and the public transport system of Kuala
Lumpur, Jamieson Mackay & Partners
SR680 Monitoring the effects of the Tyne and Wear Metro,
JC Miles, CGB Mitchell, K Perrett
SR683 Transport problems of the urban poor in Kuala Lumpur,
CR Eastman, D Pickering
SR685 Trial of a computer generated travel information system
in two British Rail travel enquiry bureaux, MW Pickett,
G Daniels
SR686 The Simplex Method for minimisation of a general
function, DA Walmsley
SR689 Social aspects of transport: how to use social research in
transport policy making. Proceedings of Conference
held at West Dean, Chichester, September 1980
SR689 Transport problems and social structure: some British
evidence, SW Town
SR692 A survey of research into relationships between traffic
accidents and traffic volumes, SP Satterthwaite
SR693 Car sharing experiment in the West Midlands,
GH Parsons, K Wood
SR694 Observations of some RAC/ACU motorcycle training
schemes, P Wells
SR697 The SCIDS intermodal transfer (Road/Rail) project,
K Holmes
SR698 The role of social science methodologies in transport
planning, L Pickup, SW Town
SR699 The predictive accuracy of British transport studies in
urban areas, IH Mackinder, SE Evans
SR709 Characteristics of public transport demand in Indian
cities, DAC Maunder, PR Fouracre, MG Pathak, CH Rao
SR710 Studies of bus operations in Delhi, India, PR Fouracre,
DAC Maunder, MG Pathak, CH Rao
SR716 The LUTE land-use and transportation model, BH Bland
SR719 The effects of the withdrawal and reduction of rural bus
services, PR Oxley
SR726 Minibus pooling in Great Britain: legal and economic
aspects, PAK Greening, RL Jackson
SR727 Travel changes in Reading between 1962, 1971 and
1976, P Emmerson, JD Downes
SR730 Using the automatic matching program (AMP) to code
travel surveys: a study of performance and cost,
JBH Ramsey, A Kempster, ME Charlton, S Openshaw
SR734 Travel behaviour and traffic restraint: a study of
households in Oxford, JM Bailey, AD Layzell
SR739 Minibus pooling: the Ilford experiment, RL Jackson
SR741 Access to employment opportunities by car and by bus
in inner and outer areas of Manchester, M Dasgupta
SR745 The initial impact of Metro on activities within Central
Newcastle upon Tyne, DJ Bennison
SR753 Rural transport experiments: Ayrshire Hospital bus
timetables a report by the Scottish Rutex Working
SR755 Household and travel characteristics in two middle
income residential colonies of Delhi, India 1981,
DAC Maunder
SR757 OECD seminar on road traffic information,
2325 September 1980
SR759 Studies of factors affecting car sharing for journeys to
work, K Wood
SR763 A road classification for use in traffic modelling, G Phillips,
D Reeson
SR764 Young workers travel-to-work: a survey in Manchester,
M Dasgupta
SR765 The prediction of traffic peak shapes from hourly flow
counts, IJ Burrow, RM Kimber, N Hoffmann, D Wills
SR766 The importance of cost minimisation in public transport
operations, FV Webster
SR767 Household and travel characteristics in two suburban
residential areas of Delhi, India, 1982, DAC Maunder
SR770 Results from the Hull axle weight survey (1980),
MH Glover
SR777 The value of time savings in West Malaysia; car, bus and
taxi occupants, S Thomas
SR778 Review of some effects of major roads on urban
communities, AO Grigg, WG Ford
SR780 Employment and work travel in an inner area context,
M Dasgupta
SR791 Accessibility and agricultural development in the
Ashanti region of Ghana, JL Hine, JDN Riverson, EA Kwakye
SR792 The value of time savings in West Malaysia: commercial
vehicles, S Thomas
SR793 Shared taxi operation: cost considerations, PAK Greening,
RL Jackson
SR797 Some new evidence relating to quantity control in the
taxi industry, GA Coe, RL Jackson
SR799 Urban transport modelling with fixed travel budgets (an
evaluation of the UMOT process), JD Downes, P Emmerson
SR800 The Glasgow rail impact study: summary report,
CGB Mitchell, DA Walmsley, H Gentleman, J Wicks
SR802 Estimation of annual traffic flow from short period
traffic counts, G Phillips, P Blake, D Reeson
SR804 Representing the distribution of hourly flows through
the year, G Phillips, D Reeson
SR805 The Leeds Integrated Land-use Transport Model (LILT),
RL Mackett
SR808 Reasons for car acquisition, SW Town
SR809 Accessibility, transport costs and food marketing in the
Ashanti region of Ghana, JL Hine, JDN Riverson, EA Kwakye
SR811 Specialised bus services in three third world cities,
DAC Maunder, PR Fouracre
SR815 The journey to work: a study of drive-alone/car-pool
choice, RJ Tunbridge, RL Jackson
SR821 The impact of transport policy on the city, RL Mackett
SR825 The effect of the Tyne and Wear Metro on residential
property values, MW Pickett, KE Perrett
SR828 Monitoring demand-responsive transport for disabled
people: the Readibus example, MJ Heraty
SR830 Effects of converting a zebra to a pelican crossing,
MC Williams
SR832 Accessibility and public transport use, SR Jones
SR841 Taxibus: a shared taxi service in Stourport, GA Coe
PA-TRS-5587-06 The demand for public transport: the effects
of fares, quality of service, income and car
ownership, N Paulley, R Balcombe, R Mackett,
H Titheridge, J Preston, M Wardman, J Shires, P White
PA-TRS-5721-06 Funding for local authority transport and land
use schemes in the UK, C Brannigan, N Paulley
This section covers: trafc signal control, TRANSYT and SCOOT,
urban safety management, trafc calming, speed limits,
carriageway/ lane design, roadworks layout and signing.
Insight Reports (2009 )
INS003 Speed, flow and density of motorway traffic, SO Notley,
N Bourne, NB Taylor
TRL Reports (1995 )
TRL135 Accidents at 3-arm traffic signals on urban single
carriageway roads, MC Taylor, RD Hall, K Chatterjee
TRL141 Experimental road crossing features for visually
impaired pedestrians, MC Edwards, TA Savill
TRL177 Traffic calming vehicle activated speed limit reminder
signs, DC Webster
TRL180 Traffic calming: vehicle noise emissions alongside speed
control cushions and road humps, P Abbott, J Tyler,
R Layfield
TRL181 Advanced stop lines for cyclists: the role of central cycle
lane approaches and signal timings, TJ Ryley
TRL182 Traffic calming four schemes on distributor roads,
DC Webster
TRL183 Non-junction accidents on urban single-carriageway
roads, I Summersgill, RE Layfield
TRL184 Accidents at three-arm priority junctions on urban
single-carriageway roads, I Summersgill, JV Kennedy,
D Baynes
TRL185 Accidents at urban priority crossroads and staggered
junctions, RE Layfield, I Summersgill, RD Hall, K Chatterjee
TRL186 Traffic calming Road hump schemes using 75 mm
high humps, DC Webster, RE Layfield
TRL194 Bus priority approaching a roundabout: the Doncaster
bus advance area, A Astrop, RJ Balcombe
TRL202 Trials of rural road safety engineering measures, J Barker
TRL212 Traffic calming on major roads: the A49 trunk road
at Craven Arms, Shropshire, AH Wheeler, PG Abbott,
NS Godfrey, DJ Lawrence, SM Phillips
TRL215 Review of traffic calming schemes in 20 mph zones,
DC Webster, AM Mackie
TRL235 Traffic calming: vehicle generated ground-borne
vibration alongside speed control cushions and road
humps, GR Watts, GJ Harris, RE Layfield
TRL238 Traffic calming on major roads: the A47 trunk road at
Thorney, Cambridgeshire, AH Wheeler, PG Abbott,
NS Godfrey, SM Phillips, R Stait
TRL240 UTC strategies for congested networks, K Wood, JP Palmer,
RD Bretherton, S Shearn
TRL241 Cyclists at road narrowings, DG Davies, TJ Ryley, SB Taylor,
ME Halliday
TRL255 Bus priority in SCOOT, GT Bowen
TRL274 Accident script analysis, R West
TRL277 Pedestrians and cyclists attitudes to Toucan Crossings,
SB Taylor, ME Halliday
TRL281 Accidents at urban mini-roundabouts, JV Kennedy, RD Hall,
SR Barnard
TRL285 Cyclists at roundabouts the effects of Continental
design on predicted safety and capacity, DG Davies,
MC Taylor, TJ Ryley, M Halliday
TRL288 Traffic calming in historic core zones: Crossley Street,
Halifax, AH Wheeler
TRL302 Roundabouts in continental Europe designed with
cycle facilities or cycle-thinking, JM Morgan
TRL311 Traffic calming public attitude studies: a literature
review, DC Webster
TRL312 Traffic calming speed cushion schemes, RE Layfield,
DI Parry
TRL313 Traffic calming an assessment of selected on-road
chicane schemes, IA Sayer, DI Parry, JK Barker
TRL331 Toucan crossings: trials of nearside equipment, T Ryley,
M Halliday, P Emmerson
TRL334 The relationship between road layout and accidents on
modern rural trunk roads, DA Walmsley, I Summersgill
TRL335 Accidents on modern rural dual-carriageway trunk
roads, DA Walmsley, I Summersgill, A Payne
TRL336 Accidents on modern rural single-carriageway trunk
roads, DA Walmsley, I Summersgill, C Binch
TRL358 Further developments in the design of contra-flow
cycling schemes, TJ Ryley, DG Davies
TRL363 Urban speed management methods, A Mackie
TRL364 A traffic calming scheme at Costessey, Norfolk,
A Wheeler, G Harris, L Chinn, M Taylor, P Abbott
TRL374 Traffic calming in historic core zones: High Street route,
Shrewsbury, A Wheeler
TRL377 Traffic calming sinusoidal, H and S humps,
DC Webster, RE Layfield
TRL385 Traffic calming in villages on major roads final report,
AH Wheeler, MC Taylor
TRL388 Traffic calming in historic core zones: Bury St Edmunds,
AH Wheeler
TRL401 Interactive fibre optic signing at a rural crossroad
(B1149 Felthorpe, Norfolk), MA Winnett, E Woodgate,
N Mayhew
TRL416 Traffic calming: vehicle generated noise and ground-
borne vibration alongside sinusoidal round-top and
flat-top road humps, GJ Harris, RE Stait, PG Abbott, GR Watts
TRL417 Traffic calming: passenger and rider discomfort at
sinusoidal, round-top and flat-top humps a track trial
at TRL, IA Sayer, DA Nicholls, RE Layfield
TRL439 Traffic calming a literature search on the design and
performance of traffic calming measures, DC Webster
TRL512 Monitoring local authority road safety schemes using
MOLASSES, RSJ Gorell, W Tootill
TRL545 Development of a novel traffic calming surface
Rippleprint, GR Watts, RE Stait, NS Godfrey, L Chinn, R Layfield
TRL548 Vehicle-activated signs a large scale evaluation,
MA Winnett, AH Wheeler
TRL583 Cycling in vehicle restricted areas, DG Davies, L Chinn,
GS Buckle, SJ Reid
TRL584 Cyclists at continental style roundabouts, BJ Lawton,
PJ Webb, GT Wall, DG Davies
TRL585 Capacity implications of Advanced Stop Lines for
cyclists, GT Wall, DG Davies, M Crabtree
TRL595 Safety performance of traffic management at major
motorway road works, M Freeman, J Mitchell, GA Coe
TRL597 Rural traffic calming in Bird Lane, Brentwood (Essex),
JV Kennedy, AH Wheeler, CM Inwood
TRL610 Cycling in bus lanes, S Reid, N Guthrie
TRL614 Impact of road humps on vehicles and their occupants,
J Kennedy, C Oakley, S Summon, I Parry, E Wilkinson, J Brown
TRL621 The effect of road narrowings on cyclists, A Gibbard,
S Reid, J Mitchell, B Lawton, E Brown, H Harper
TRL623 Cycle facilities and engineering: summary of TRL
research, S Reid, D Allen, E Brown, V Moreland, C Vance
TRL631 The safety of MOVA at high speed junctions, MR Crabtree,
JV Kennedy
TRL633 Pilot home zone schemes: evaluation of Magor village,
Monmouthshire, R Layfield, D Webster, S Buttress
TRL647 Pilot home zone schemes: evaluation of Nobel Road,
Nottingham, A Tilly, A Wheeler, D Webster, D Nicholls,
S Buttress
TRL648 Development of Compact MOVA, IR Henderson,
MR Crabtree, A Maxwell
TRL654 Pilot home zone schemes: summary of the schemes,
D Webster, A Tilly, A Wheeler, D Nicholls, S Buttress
TRL661 The Manual for Streets: evidence and research, I York,
A Bradbury, S Reid, T Ewings, R Paradise
Published Project Reports (2004 )
PPR004 Impact of road humps on vehicles and their occupants,
J Kennedy, C Oakley, S Sumon, I Parry, E Wilkinson, J Brown
PPR007 Traffic calming on bus routes assessment of speed
cushions on Moredunvale Road, Edinburgh, K Hamilton,
R King
PPR016 Users guide for a simple performance indicator for
traffic signals, K Wood, MR Crabtree, SM Gutteridge
PPR017 Safety on hard shoulders on dual two-lane and three-
lane motorways, I Summersgill, JV Kennedy, JM Sharples,
MJ Frew
PPR018 Safety on hard shoulders on the M25 motorway,
I Summersgill, JV Kennedy, CJ Rhodes, JM Sharples, MJ Frew
PPR023 Comparison of tyre/road noise for a range of surfaces
on the A47, A447, A511 and B582 in Leicestershire,
MH Balsom, PM Nelson, C Summers
PPR035 Traffic signal controlled pedestrian crossings on high-
speed roads, K Wood, IO York, RA Howells, DC Webster
PPR041 Cooperative road traffic signalling potential costs,
benefits and data exchange requirements, K Wood,
NDC Wall, P Sanger
PPR087 Pedestrian and vehicular detectors for traffic
management and control, K Wood, MR Crabtree,
SM Gutteridge
PPR092 Effect of side raised entry treatments on road safety in
London, K Wood, I Summersgill, LF Crinson, JA Castle
PPR116 Trial to measure the effects of dew on fixed vertical
traffic signs, S Thompson, J Mitchell, A Flint
PPR117 Trial to investigate graffiti resistant film on fixed vertical
traffic signs, S Thompson, J Mitchell, A Chequer, A Flint
PPR118 Protective overlay films on traffic signs: further research
work Revision A (Final), S Thompson, J Mitchell, A Chequer,
A Flint
PPR119 Dew on traffic signs a literature review, K Alexander,
S Thompson, J Weekley
PPR161 Accidents involving powered two-wheelers on the trunk
road network, J Scoons, L Crinson
PPR206 International comparison of roundabout design
guidelines, J Kennedy
PPR239 Puffin crossing operation and behaviour study, R Walker,
M Winnett, A Martin, J Kennedy
PPR240 Behaviour at cycle Advanced Stop Lines, D Allen, S Bygrave,
H Harper
PPR243 Review of 20 mph zones in London Boroughs,
DC Webster, RE Layfield
PPR252 Survey of MOVA and SCOOT operation at M42
Junction 6, K Wood, M Crabtree, A Kirkham, A Maxwell,
R Robbins
PPR275 Development of a human factors road safety
assessment tool interim report, D Basacik, T Luke,
T Horberry
PPR292 A review of simplified streetscape schemes, A Quimby,
J Castle
PPR298 The travel of errant vehicles after leaving the
carriageway, DA Lynam, JV Kennedy
PPR314 Effectiveness of Speed Indicator Devices on reducing
vehicle speeds in London, LK Walter, J Knowles
PPR318 The impact of street lighting on night-time road
casualties, GI Crabb, L Crinson, R Beaumont, L Walter
PPR342 The use of passively safe signposts and lighting
columns, GL Williams, JV Kennedy, JA Carroll, R Beesley (SL4)
PPR365 Impacts of motorcycles in Westminster bus lanes, I York,
D Webster, K Sakamoto
PPR377 Investigation into traffic delays at level crossings,
E Delmonte, S Tong
PPR379 Evaluation of Operation Radar, LK Walter
PPR434 Test of TrafiCam vehicle detector in Winchester, K Wood
PPR448 Test of Heimdall detector in Winchester, K Wood
PPR466 Safety evaluation of Compact MOVA Signal Control
Strategy final report, MR Crabtree, K Wood
SL1/ Review of the class and quality of street lighting,
PPR380 GI Crabb, R Beaumont, D Webster
SL2 Invest to save sustainable street lighting, P Fox
SL3 Review of luminaire maintenance factors, A Sanders,
A Scott
SL4/ The use of passively safe signposts and lighting
PPR342 columns, GL Williams, JV Kennedy, JA Carroll, R Beesley
SL5a/ Review of the lighting requirements for traffic signs
PPR382 and bollards, J Cooper, K Stafford, P Owlett, P Mitchell
SL5b/ Guidance on the lighting requirements for traffic
PPR383 signs and bollard, K Cooper, J Mitchell
Annual Research Reviews
ARR2004 Annual Research Review 2004
ARR2005 Annual Research Review 2005
ARR2006 Annual Research Review 2006
ARR2007 Annual Research Review 2007
ARR2008 Annual Research Review 2008
ARR2009 Annual Research Review 2009
Project Reports (19931995)
PR14 Public attitude survey the New Forest traffic calming
programme, R Windle, AR Hodge
PR32 Speed control humps a trial at TRL, AR Hodge
PR93 The Southampton western approach cycle route cyclist
flows and accidents, F Shipley
PR102 Speed control using chicanes a trial at TRL, IA Sayer,
DI Parry
Research Reports (19851993)
RR67 The prediction of saturation flows for single road
junctions controlled by traffic signals, RM Kimber,
M Mcdonald, NB Hounsell
RR105 OSCADY: a computer program to model capacities,
queues and delays at isolated traffic signal junctions,
IJ Burrow
RR114 A review of some recent geometric road standards and
their application to developing countries, D Kosasih,
R Robinson, J Snell
RR142 The capacity of entries to very large roundabouts,
MC Semmens
RR157 A comparison of different ways of increasing traffic sign
conspicuity, BR Cooper
RR167 Comprehension of traffic signs by drivers and non-
drivers, BR Cooper
RR170 MOVA: traffic responsive, self-optimising signal control
for isolated intersections, RA Vincent, JR Peirce
RR178 CONTRAM: structure of the model, DR Leonard, P Gower,
NB Taylor
RR223 A study of the safety of major motorway roadworks in
1987, M Marlow, RD Coombe
RR249 CONTRAM 5: an enhanced traffic assignment model,
NB Taylor
RR263 Urban safety project. 3: Overall evaluation of area wide
schemes, AM Mackie, HA Ward, RT Walker
RR274 The use of TRANSYT at signalised roundabouts, CJ Lines,
MR Crabtree
RR279 MOVA: the 20 site trial, JR Peirce, PJ Webb
RR321 Accident reductions from trunk road improvements,
CD Walker, CJ Lines
RR329 The performance of busway transit in developing cities,
G Gardner, PR Cornwell, JA Cracknell
RR332 Modified contra-flow layouts for major maintenance:
narrow lane and tidal flow operation, M Marlow, GA Coe,
R Evans
RR336 Advanced stop line for cyclists at Oxford, Newark and
Bristol, AH Wheeler
RR339 A review of motorway signals, KS Rutley
RR342 Analysis of accidents before and after implementation
of improved motorway signalling, BR Cooper, HE Sawyer,
KS Rutley
Laboratory Reports (19661985)
LR24 An experiment in enforcing the 30 mile/h speed limit,
JM Munden
LR33 A comparison of ten varieties of traffic signal filter arrow,
KS Rutley, AW Christie
LR51 A national survey of knowledge of the new traffic signs,
AM Mackie
LR60 Effect of forward visibility, power/weight ratio and type
of transmission of cars on the capacity of traffic signals,
J Almond
LR78 Hexagonal motorway networks, JC Tanner
LR80 An improvement to the combination method of
reducing delays in traffic networks, DI Robertson
LR86 Effect of right-turning vehicles at traffic signals,
FV Webster
LR91 Progress in learning the meanings of symbolic traffic
signs, AM Mackie
LR107 Delays to traffic caused by the movement of abnormal
indivisible loads, JB Dunn
LR118 Effect of the advisory Give-Way rule at Uxbridge Circus
Roundabout, CR Faulkner
LR124 Computer simulation of an uncontrolled T-junction,
DA Scraggs
LR142 The Glasgow experiment: implementation and
assessment, J Almond, RS Lott
LR194 Evaluation of frequency shift keying equipment for use
with pulses from vehicle detectors, PL Harms
LR253 TRANSYT: a traffic network study tool, DI Robertson
LR262 Traffic signal control in Glasgow by computer,
M Woolcock
LR285 Notes on the costs, lives and effectiveness of various
road markings, JG James, JA Reid
LR347 Heart rate as a measure in road layout design, KS Rutley,
DGW Mace
LR356 Capacity of single-level intersections, FC Blackmore
LR358 The effects of installing new zebra crossings in Rugby
and Chelmsford, DG Wilson, SJ Older
LR359 A theoretical comparison of triangular motorway
networks with other idealised forms, JC Tanner, SV Magee
LR430 The Glasgow traffic control experiment: interim report
on SIGOP and TRANSYT, PD Whiting
LR461 Advisory speed signs for bends, KS Rutley
LR487 Comparison between a dynamic signal plan generation
system of area traffic control and a fixed-time system,
J Holroyd
LR514 Accidents and traffic conflicts at junctions, K Russam,
BE Sabey
LR518 The practical implementation of combination method
and TRANSYT programs, J Holroyd
LR520 A traffic conflict study at an intersection on the
Andoversford Bypass, BR Spicer
LR522 The Glasgow experiment: assessments under light and
very low flow conditions, D Owens, J Holroyd
LR531 The influence of visual pattern on perceived speed at
Newbridge M8 Midlothian, GG Denton
LR562 Experiment at Brook Hill roundabout Sheffield,
Yorkshire, M Marlow, FC Blackmore
LR568 A method of recording axle load sequences and
groupings, DE Nunn
LR597 Road humps for the control of vehicle speeds, GR Watts
LR608 Road width requirements of commercial vehicles when
cornering, G Brock
LR609 Use of computer simulation to examine the working of
a bus lane, PH Bly
LR610 Capacity measurements on experimental roundabout
designs at Colchester, CP Sawers, FC Blackmore
LR620 The use of a corrosion inhibitor as a car washing
additive, RR Bishop, JS Hutchins
LR634 A filter lane for left-turning traffic at Slough-Central
roundabout (M4/A355), MJ Philbrick
LR677 Improving the capacity of large roundabouts,
FC Blackmore, M Marlow
LR700 Automatic generation of the highway vertical
alignment: program VENUS, R Robinson
LR735 The capacity of some major/minor priority junctions,
RM Kimber
LR757 A deterministic method of assigning traffic to multiple
routes of known cost, DI Robertson
LR773 In search of a new capacity formula for conventional
roundabouts, MJ Philbrick
LR774 Accidents at off-side priority roundabouts with mini or
small islands, H Green
LR780 Accident investigation and prevention by applying the
location sampling technique to rural crossroads,
CR Faulkner, JE Eaton
LR782 Crawler lane construction on M5: the use of narrow
lanes, AD Maclean, M Greenway
LR800 The use of rumble areas to alert drivers, R Sumner,
J Shippey
LR809 With-flow bus lanes: economic justification using a
theoretical model, RH Oldfield, PH Bly, FV Webster
LR814 Bus-actuated signal control at isolated intersections
simulation studies of bus priority, RA Vincent, BR Cooper,
K Wood
LR820 Forces on a sign gantry in normally directed winds,
JS Hay
LR822 An experiment using radio-telephones for bus control in
Chatham, JD Parry
LR878 Speed control humps on residential roads, R Sumner,
C Baguley
LR883 Conversion of rural and semi-rural major/ minor
T-junctions to offside priority, M Marlow
LR888 User guide to TRANSYT Version 8, RA Vincent, AI Mitchell,
DI Robertson
LR909 Traffic queues and delays at road junctions, RM Kimber,
EM Hollis
LR918 Contra-flow bus lanes: economic justification using a
theoretical model, PH Bly, FV Webster
LR920 Aspects of road layout that affect drivers perception
and risk taking, GR Watts, AR Quimby
LR925 Bus-actuated traffic signals initial assessment of part
of the Swansea bus priority scheme, BR Cooper,
RA Vincent, K Wood
LR934 Coordinating traffic signals to reduce fuel consumption,
DI Robertson, CF Lucas, RT Baker
LR939 MIDAS: a computer program to estimate delays at
junctions, IJ Burrow
LR940 ARCADY: a computer program to model capacities,
queues and delays at roundabouts, EM Hollis,
MC Semmens, SL Denniss
LR941 PICADY: a computer program to model capacities,
queues and delays at major/ minor junctions,
ML Semmens
LR942 The traffic capacity of roundabouts, G West, RM Kimber
LR975 Peterborough experimental cycle route, SW Quenault
LR985 Broad band route selection by program BRUTUS: test
on a section of motorway, JP Stott, V Calogero, D Hickman,
P Roumeliotis
LR1010 Yellow bar experimental carriageway markings
accident study, RD Helliar-Symons
LR1014 SCOOT a traffic responsive method of coordinating
signals, PB Hunt, DI Robertson, RD Bretherton, RI Winton
LR1017 Speed control humps further public road trials,
C Baguley
LR1024 The control of shuttle working at roadworks,
I Summersgill
LR1063 Traffic signal junctions: a track appraisal of conventional
and novel designs, RM Kimber, MC Semmens
LR1089 Bus-actuated traffic signals simulation study of priority
at three-stage junctions, BR Cooper
LR1095 Automatic close-following warning sign at Ascot,
RD Helliar-Symons
LR1117 Road edgelining and accidents: an experiment in
South-West England, PA Willis, PP Scott, JW Barnes
LR1118 Automatic speed warning sign Hampshire trials,
RD Helliar-Symons, AH Wheeler, PP Scott
LR1120 Accidents at 4-arm roundabouts, G Maycock, RD Hall
Supplementary Reports (19731985)
SR19 uc Compliance of heavy goods vehicles with an entry
restriction in Newbury, RS Bartlett
SR29 uc Dispersion of traffic platoons on A4 in Hounslow,
JF Collins, P Gower
SR34 uc A second investigation into bilingual (Welsh/English)
traffic signs, KS Rutley
SR60 uc Incremental operating costs of cars at roundabouts,
DJ Martin
SR63 uc Compliance of heavy goods vehicles with an entry
restriction in Oxford, JA Battilana
SR93 uc The use of aerial photography for assessing traffic
control systems in Glasgow, RT Baker, D Owens
SR231 Getting the most from our transport facilities the
role of traffic engineering. Proceedings of a traffic
engineering symposium held at the Transport and Road
Research Laboratory, Crowthorne, 911 April 1975
SR517 Area-wide measures in urban road safety. a background
to current research, E Dalby
SR545 Variation in vehicle conflicts at a T-junction and
comparison with recorded collisions, BR Spicer,
AH Wheeler, SJ Older
SR554 Roundabout capacity: public road experiment at
Wincheap, Canterbury, MC Semmens, PJ Fairweather,
IB Harrison
SR566 Effects of a lorry control at Lymm, Cheshire, AW Christie,
J Prudhoe
SR582 The traffic capacity of major/minor priority junctions,
RM Kimber, RD Coombe
SR595 A guide to TRANSYT 7, PB Hunt, JV Kennedy
SR615 The effect of an advisory speed signal on motorway
traffic speed, PJ Webb
SR634 The effect of a change in traffic management in fuel
consumption, R Wood, L Griffin
SR707 The effect of motorway signals on traffic behaviour,
CJ Lines
SR712 The control of shuttle working on narrow bridges,
I Summersgill
SR721 The capacity of some grade-separated roundabout
entries, MC Semmens
SR723 The performance of high-flow bus lanes in Bangkok,
NW Marler
SR724 The effect of Zebra crossings on junction entry
capacities, M Marlow, G Maycock
SR735 User guide to CONTRAM version 4, DR Leonard, P Gower
SR756 The effects of urban traffic control in Bangkok, JH Jones,
NW Marler, AJ Downing
SR776 Gap acceptance and traffic conflict simulation as a
measure of risk, MRC McDowell, J Wennell, PA Storr,
J Darzentas
SR810 Geometric delay at non-signalised intersections,
M Mcdonald, NB Hounsell, RM Kimber
SR837 Comparison of fixed time and flexible progressive traffic
control in Slough, CJ Lines, CF Lucas
PA-TR-4213-04 The safety of MOVA traffic signal control at high-
speed junctions, A Maxwell, M Crabtree, J Kennedy
PA-TR-4291-05 Interactive scenario modelling for hazard
perception in driver training, A Dumbuya, N Reed,
G Rhys-Tyler
PA-TRS-4660-05 Multilevel modelling of complex systems of
traffic interactions, A Dumbuya
PA-TRS-5733-06 Minimising incident related congestion with
dynamic diversion plan generation, J Weekley,
S Wilson, G Lunt (TRL), J Boyd (HA)
This section covers vehicle design and safety, impact testing, occupant
protection, crashworthiness, airbags and seatbelts, steering wheel design,
braking design, front under-run protection, motorcyclist leg and head
protection, safety barrier design.
Insight Reports (2009 )
INS008 Car head restraint geometry, D Hynd, JA Carroll
TRL Reports (1995 )
TRL196 Development of an anti-lock brake system for light-
weight motorcycles, CD Walker
TRL230 Assessment of vehicle handling safety when driving into
roadside water drainage channels, BJ Robinson
TRL237 Commercial vehicle tyre adhesion, B Robinson
TRL243 A study of accidents involving bull bar equipped
vehicles, BJ Hardy
TRL321 An investigation into the electromagnetic compatibility
of equipment used in vehicle conversions for disabled
motorists, ICP Simmons, LM Pearce, SD Phillips
TRL338 Vehicle lighting and signalling, J Cobb
TRL458 The protection of children in cars final report,
RW Lowne, M Le Claire, AK Roberts
TRL460 Assessment and test procedures for bull bars,
G Lawrence, C Rodmell, A Osborne
TRL480 Pedestrian protection test procedures and design final
report (April 1992 to March 1999), GJL Lawrence
TRL486 Laminated glazing: security and safety aspects,
MG Mccarthy, MW Brett
TRL520 Bus and coach secondary safety: final report,
GJL Lawrence
TRL532 A study of lower back strain injuries resulting from road
accidents, R Minton, P Murray, W Stephenson, CSB Galasko
TRL567 A guide to assessing Active Adaptive Secondary Safety
systems, BP Chinn, P Holding
TRL581 Motorcycle safety: a scoping study, MA Elliott, CJ Baughan,
J Broughton, B Chinn, GB Grayson, J Knowles, LR Smith,
H Simpson
TRL588 Pedestrian protection test procedures and design: final
report (April 1999 to June 2003), GJL Lawrence
TRL592 A study of front-mounted bicycle racks on buses,
GJ Lawrence, NM Brook-Carter
TRL658 Behaviour of SUV and MPV-type vehicles in collisions
with roadside safety barriers, R Minton, T Brightman
TRL667 The safety of child wheelchair occupants in road
passenger vehicles, C Visvikis, M Le Claire, O Goodacre,
A Thompson, J Carroll
Published Project Reports (2004 )
PPR005 Laminated glazing: security and safety aspects,
MG McCarthy, MW Brett
PPR013 Potential casualty savings from fitting blind spot mirors
(Class V mirrors) to heavy goods vehicles final report,
B Fenn, M Dodd, L Smith
PPR029 Evaluation of the shoulder, thorax and abdomen of the
WorldSID pre-production side impact dummy, D Hynd,
JA Carroll, BW Been, AR Payne
PPR048 The effect of humidity on legform impactor certification
results, GJL Lawrence, BJ Hardy, WMS Donaldson
PPR052 Assessment of the FTSS 4.5 kg aluminium headform as
a possible alternative for EEVC WG17, GJL Lawrence
PPR067 Dummy development to evaluate spine injuries,
AK Roberts, JA Carroll
PPR071 Integrated safety guards and spray suppression: partial
regulatory impact assessment, RS Bartlett, I Knight, D Bowes
PPR075 Integrated safety guards and spray suppression final
summary report, I Knight, M Dodd, D Bowes, W Donaldson,
T Smith, M Neale, C Gower, G Couper
PPR076 Development of measures for improving child
protection in minibuses, buses and coaches,
GJL Lawrence, WMS Donaldson
PPR086 Heavy vehicle wheel detachment: frequency of
occurrence, current best practice and potential
solutions, I Knight, M Dodd, C Grover, RS Bartlett, T Bright
PPR088 PRISM (Proposed Reduction of car crash Injuries
through improved SMart restraint development
technologies). Partial regulatory impact assessment,
G Couper, MG McCarthy
PPR089 Proposed Reduction of car crash Injuries through
improved SMart restraint development technologies
(PRISM), MG McCarthy, G Couper, M Neale
PPR092 Effect of side raised entry treatments on road safety in
London, K Wood, I Summersgill, LR Crinson, JA Castle
PPR098 Virtual Testing for Extended Vehicle Passive Safety
(VITES), M Neale, C Oakley
PPR101 The characteristics of Special Order vehicles, W McMahon
PPR102 Assessment of advanced restraint systems final report,
TL Smith, G Couper
PPR112 VERTEC Final project report for the DfT, M Dodd
PPR133 An experimental investigation of load cell wall response
to quasi-static and impact loading when using an
aluminium honeycomb barrier face, HC Davies
PPR134 Experimental development of improved vehicle
compatibility final report, HC Davies
PPR165 Evaluation of child dummies final report, C Visvikis,
M Le Claire
PPR170 Daytime Running Lights (DRL): a review of the reports
from the European Commission, I Knight, B Sexton,
R Bartlett, T Barlow, S Latham, I McCrae
PPR186 Motorcyclists helmets and visors test methods and
new technologies, AN Mellor, VJM St Clair, BP Chinn
PPR209 Investigating the effect of inflation pressure on our
ability to conceptually reconstruct accidents, C Grover,
L Walter, TL Smith, RF Lambourn
PPR211 Low Energy Rear Impact Tests using RID3D, BioRID II
and Hybrid III for EEVC Working Group 12, C Willis, J Carroll,
R Torcal-Serrano
PPR212 Motorcycle helmets: test and assessment protocol
prove out, VJM St Clair, MG McCarthy
PPR237 New Methods for Assessing Facial Injury Risk, Phase 1,
J McKillop, C Willis, A Roberts
PPR258 Development of improved global harmonised side
impact test procedures final report, J Ellway
PPR260 Compatibility and frontal impact test procedures
additional work to support VC-COMPAT final report,
H Davies, MJ Edwards, A Thompson
PPR263 Review of recommendations regarding the use of
Hybrid III in low-speed rear impact Whiplash tests,
D Hynd
PPR276 Whole life cost-benefit analysis for median safety
barriers, GL Williams
PPR277 Whole life cost-benefit analysis for median safety
barriers, GL Williams
PPR278 Traffic management and concrete safety barriers,
A Chequer, J Mitchell, S Thompson
PPR279 Whole life cost-benefit analysis for median safety
barriers, GL Williams
PPR280 A review of HGV crossover accidents, and the relative
costs of steel and concrete barriers (Phase II Report),
GL Williams
PPR282 ROBUST Work Package 1, GL Williams
PPR283 ROBUST Work Package 1, GL Williams
PPR285 Longer and/or Longer and Heavier Goods Vehicles
(LHVs): a study of the effects if permitted in the UK final
report, I Knight, W Newton, A McKinnon, A Palmer, T Barlow,
I McCrae, M Dodd, G Couper, H Davies, A Daly, W McMahon,
E Cook, V Ramdas, N Taylor
PPR289 Analysis of Quick Change Moveable Barrier options
using QUADRO, T Buckland, V Ramdas
PPR291 Assessment of the Q dummy in the EC CHILD project,
C Visvikis, M Le Claire, S Adams, J Carroll, D Hynd
PPR293 An assessment of the durability and reliability of typical
hydraulically operated parking brakes fitted to
quadricycles, CJ Grover
PPR296 Benefit analysis for the introduction of a Full Width
Frontal Impact Test, AJ Thompson, MJ Edwards, R Cuerden
PPR310 Adaptive vehicle structures for secondary safety,
A Thompson, M Edwards, O Goodacre, G Coley, M Keigan,
J Broughton, R Cuerden
PPR311 UK cost-benefit analysis: enhanced geometric
requirements for vehicle head restraints, D Hynd,
JA Carroll, RS Bartlett
PPR322 CHILD: advanced methods for improved child safety
final report, C Visvikis, M Le Claire, JA Carroll, R Cuerden,
R Bartlett, S Adams, D Hynd
PPR333 Evaluation of dummies for low-speed rear impact
whiplash testing final report, D Hynd, JA Carroll
PPR339 Child seat consumer information project: protocol
validation, M Pitcher, C Halewood, JA Carroll, O Goodacre,
E Fraser, T Gibson, AM McGrath, M Le Claire
PPR343 Evaluation of polo helmets using the ENHAP testing and
assessment protocols, C Halewood
PPR381 Development of a methodology for the evaluation of
safety systems for powered two wheelers final report,
TL Smith, T Gibson, M McCarthy
PPR403 Follow-up study to the heavy goods vehicle blind spot
modelling and reconstruction trial, M Dodd
PPR452 Technical response to the unpublished paper Critical
evaluation of the SHARP motorcycle helmet rating by
NJ Mills, B Chinn, D Hynd
PPR467 Enhanced statistical analysis of head injury data, JA Carroll
PPR475 Heavy vehicle wheel detachment and possible solutions
Phase 2: final report, M Dodd
PPR484 The influence of passenger payload on the stability of
bodied three-wheel vehicles, M Dodd
PPR486 Commercial vehicle safety priorities ranking of future
priorities in the UK, TL Robinson, W Chislett
PPR496 Comparison of motorcycle and car tyre/road friction,
RF Lambourn, A Wesley
PPR501 Side impact safety, MJ Edwards, D Hynd, R Cuerden,
A Thompson, J Carroll, J Broughton
PPR505 Assessing the likely effects of potential changes to
European heavy vehicle weights and dimensions
regulations, I Knight, A Burgess, H Maurer B Jacob, M Irzik,
L Aarts, I Vierth
PPR514 Sideguards on heavy goods vehicles: assessing the
effects on pedal cyclists injured by trucks overtaking or
turning left, R Cookson, I Knight
PPR515 Investigating the real-world effectiveness of introducing
mandatory fitment of front underrun protection to
heavy goods vehicles, W Chislett, TL Robinson
PPR516 A preliminary analysis of the risks and benefits of
selected vehicle safety interventions for accidents
involving light commercial vehicles (LCVs) or minibuses,
I Knight, M Edwards
PPR517 Rear underrun protection for heavy goods vehicles:
the potential effects of changes to the minimum
technical requirements, R Minton, T Robinson
PPR518 HGV cab strength: investigating the casualty reduction
effects of potential regulatory changes, BJ Robinson
TRF Fellowship Lectures (2001 )
MISC8 The safety of wheelchair occupants in road passenger
vehicles, M Le Claire, C Visvikis, C Oakley, T Savill, M Edwards,
R Cakebread
Annual Research Reviews
ARR2004 Annual Research Review 2004
ARR2005 Annual Research Review 2005
ARR2006 Annual Research Review 2006
ARR2007 Annual Research Review 2007
ARR2008 Annual Research Review 2008
ARR2009 Annual Research Review 2009
Research Reports (19851993)
PR/VE/031/06 NPACS (New Programme for the Assessment of
Child restraint Systems) Phase 1 final report,
G Cheung, M Le Claire
PR/VE/032/06 Additional work to deliver NPACS protocols
final report, G Cheung, M Le Claire
RR119 Three car impact tests on the combined open box
beam safety fence and timber noise barrier,
MD Macdonald
RR166 The application of microprocessors to vehicle
monitoring systems, ICP Simmons
RR211 Vehicle impact tests on the International Barrier
Corporation Mk VII sand filled barrier, MD Macdonald,
M Emerson
RR227 Tests of a proposed on-board axle weighing system,
JGB Wood
RR277 The equalization of multi-axle bogies fitted to
commercial vehicles, ICP Simmons, JGB Wood
RR290 Roadside survey of vehicle lighting 1989, J Cobb
RR320 A car accident injury database: overview and analyses of
entrapment and ejection, MA Renouf
RR330 Handling tests on four wheel drive multi-purpose
vehicles, BS Riley, BJ Robinson
RR340 A study of various car anti-lock braking systems,
BJ Robinson, BS Riley
Laboratory Reports (19661985)
LR3 Vehicle impact tests on a hedge of Rosa Multiflora
Japonica, IB Laker
LR8 Safety cars: principles governing the design of cars and
safety devices, G Grime
LR16 The effectiveness of safety belts, RD Lister, ID Neilson
LR19 Vehicle deceleration in beds of loose gravel, IB Laker
LR64 Photography of the real contact area of tyres during
motion, BE Sabey, GN Lupton
LR92 Controlled vehicle impacts instrumentation and test
LR103 The overturning of cars as a result of severe braking,
RN Kemp, ID Neilson
LR104 The DAV and blocked out beam crash barriers, VJ Jehu
LR105 The cable and chain-link crash barrier, VJ Jehu, IB Laker
LR109 Mechanisms of injury to motor vehicle occupants a
preliminary study, E Grattan, JA Hobbs, A East
LR122 Experiments on tyre tread patterns, G Maycock
LR127 The wire rope slotted post crash barrier, VJ Jehu, IB Laker
LR130 Braking performance of cars with different brake and
weight distributions, ALA Alexander
LR132 Controlled impact investigations. Head-on impacts of
four similar cars from different speeds against a rigid
barrier, ID Neilson, RN Kemp, JG Wall, J Harris
LR133 An introductory discussion of the factors affecting car
handling, ID Neilson
LR152 Injuries produced by motor car windscreens, JA Hobbs,
RE Allsop, HJH Starks
LR155 Comparative head-on impact tests of cars with either
front transverse or rear mounted engines, JG Wall,
RN Kemp, J Harris
LR159 A laboratory method of measuring slip in bolted
connections, DS Moss
LR163 Assessment of the Hope anti-jack-knife device, HA Wilkins
LR172 Contact areas of commercial vehicle tyres, NW Lister,
DE Nunn
LR178 Instructions for using RRL post setting rigs when
erecting tensioned-beam crash barriers, LC Pearson
LR191 An assessment of the automotive products, HA Wilkins,
BP Chinn
LR197 A survey into the accident rates of articulated and rigid
commercial vehicles, BN Farr, ID Neilson
LR201 Mechanisms of serious lower limb injuries to motor
vehicle occupants, E Grattan, JA Hobbs
LR204 Tyre impact tests on airport landing lights, T Williams
LR219 Design of a dynamic weighbridge for recording vehicle
wheel loads, JJ Trott, JW Grainger
LR241 A sideway inpact test into a 12.2 m (40 ft) lighting
column fitted with a break-away joint, HJ Hignett
LR244 Some exact solutions for the bending of flat plates
under transverse loads, GE Smith, BE Sabey
LR246 Impact test on a modified Christiani and Nielsen crash
barrier, IB Laker, GR Taylor
LR249 Simple representations of car and unrestrained
occupant impacts in road accidents, ID Neilson
LR254 Tyre forces as functions of cornering and braking on wet
road surfaces, KE Holmes, RD Stone
LR258 Non-motorway analysis of tyre failures, BN Farr
LR261 The cost and benefit of anti-locking brakes on
motorcycles, HA Wilkins
LR264 Vehicle decelerations in beds of natural and artificial
gravels, VJ Jehu, IB Laker
LR265 The effect of road surface texture on tyre wear,
RW Lowne
LR278 Specification and installation procedure for the RRL
tensioned, corrugated beam safety fence, LC Pearson
LR282 Toughened glass windscreen injuries in car occupants,
E Grattan, NG Clegg, JA Hobbs
LR287 An evaluation of a brake light display which indicates
the severity of braking, KS Rutley, DGW Mace
LR292 Braking force/braking slip: measurements over a range
of conditions between 0 and 100 per cent slip,
KE Holmes
LR313 A system for the measurement of dynamic stress and
strain in repetitional triaxial loading, M Ryall, NW Lister
LR314 Vehicle behaviour in combined cornering and braking,
AJ Harris, BS Riley
LR329 Vehicle loading and headlamp aim, HJ Hignett
LR338 A post driving technique for the erection of tensioned-
beam crash barriers, IB Laker
LR340 Automatic steering of vehicles an experimental
system fitted to a DS 19 Citroen car, KHF Cardew
LR343 A bibliography with abstracts of research into the use of
polarised headlights, L Cooper
LR355 Tyre performance in wet surface conditions,
GC Staughton, T Williams
LR380 Types of vehicles which have excessive axle loads,
JW Grainger
LR387 Collision tests with breakaway street lighting columns
fitted with a suspension cable, HJ Hignett, AE Walker
LR391 Portable wheel-weighing unit and data recorder,
FP Potocki
LR440 Drivers eye position relative to the H point for trucks
and buses, HP Ruffell Smith
LR449 The condition of tyres in use on cars 1969/70, RW Lowne
LR450 Equipment for determining the time taken to read a
speedometer, JS Armour
LR464 Articulated vehicle roll: effect of inverting the coupling,
KE Holmes
LR474 Field trials of load sensing valves fitted to brake system
of articulated vehicles, HA Wilkins
LR478 Development of a program for the axle-load survey
recorder (ALSER), CJD Lane, JG Dennis
LR481 Towards safer road vehicles. a conference held at
Transport and Road Research Laboratory Crowthorne,
28 January 1972 in collaboration with the Society of
Motor Manufacturers and Traders
LR482 Vehicle impact tests on a Christiani and Nielsen bridge
parapet, VJ Jehu, GR Taylor
LR485 Vehicle impact tests on reinforced concrete bridge
parapets, VJ Jehu, IB Laker
LR494 An assessment of the Ferguson four-wheel drive and
anti-lock braking system. Part 1 Some quantitative
tests, RN Kemp
LR495 Vehicle impact tests on frangible and yielding post
designs of bridge parapets, VJ Jehu
LR500 The manoeuvrability and braking performance of small-
wheeled bicycles when ridden by children, GD Lewis
LR502 Vehicle impact tests on the tensioned-beam and open
box crash barriers, VJ Jehu, LC Pearson
LR503 Theoretical investigation and experimental
measurements of trailer swing of articulated vehicles,
BP Chinn, ID Neilson
LR517 Non-contact suspension systems as alternatives to the
wheel, J Porter
LR544 The wet road grip of lorry tyres: a comparison of three
types, T Williams, JK Meades, BS Riley
LR572 Axle load distribution on roads overseas: Abu Dhabi and
Qatar 19701971, CI Ellis, FP Potocki
LR575 The theoretical reconstruction of events leading to an
impact in a road accident, ID Neilson
LR580 Dynamic behaviour of a single axle vehicle suspension
system: a theoretical study, J Page
LR581 Dynamic behaviour of two linked-twin-axle lorry
suspension systems: a theoretical study, J Page
LR582 Loads and vibrations caused by eight commercial
vehicles with gross weights exceeding 32 tons
(32.5 Mg), DR Leonard, JW Grainger, R Eyre
LR585 Tyre failures on part of M5 motorway, RW Lowne
LR718 The trajectories of pedestrian dummies struck by cars of
conventional and modified frontal designs, VJ Jehu,
LC Pearson
LR722 Dynamic wheel load measurements on motorway
bridges, J Page
LR788 Articulated vehicle roll stability: methods of assessment
and effects of vehicle characteristics, RN Kemp, BP Chinn,
G Brock
LR801 Impacts of European cars and a passenger coach
against shaped concrete barriers, VJ Jehu, LC Pearson
LR803 Brake system defects in cars not involved in accidents,
RN Kemp
LR811 The effectiveness of seat belts in reducing injuries to car
occupants, CA Hobbs
LR880 Town beams for vehicles experience with an
automatic headlamp dimming system, JA Reid
LR882 The edge-locking performance of some seat belt inertia
reels, RW Lowne, AK Roberts, GR Watts
LR903 Vapour lock in car braking systems, J Keen
LR988 A steel safety fence with frangible base intermediate
posts, VJ Jehu, LC Pearson
LR998 Masking of brake lights by high-intensity rear lights in
fog, RD Helliar-Symons, A Irving
LR1058 Dykes Act lorry controls: their use and effects, AW Christie,
J Prudhoe, RS Hornzee
LR1079 The effects of rear seat passengers on front seat
occupants in frontal impacts, AK Roberts
LR1087 Static and dynamic tests of wheelchair restraints for use
in public service vehicles, SF Petty, AG Chatfield
LR1121 The performance of motorcycle disc brakes when wet,
GL Donne
LR1124 Injury probability for car occupants in frontal and side
impacts, CA Hobbs, PJ Mills
LR1137 The evaluation of aids to the daytime conspicuity of
motorcycles, GL Donne, EJ Fulton
Supplementary Reports (19731985)
SR115 uc Accident rates and handling characteristics of three-
wheeled cars compared with other cars, KE Holmes
This series provides abstracts of recent research on topics of
current interest to transport researchers. Only the most recent
issue of each topic is listed. For earlier issues, please contact
the TRL Library.
Transport planning and the
CT1.5 Traffic calming (20062008)
CT4.2 Bus deregulation (19951999)
CT5.5 Vehicle emissions and pollution (20082009)
CT6.5 Traffic signal control (20062008)
CT8.4 Congestion (20062007)
CT15.4 Planning for pedestrians and cyclists (20072009)
CT16.5 Land use and transport planning (20062009)
CT18.3 Privatisation in transport (20052008)
CT19.5 Bus priority measures (20052008)
CT20.3 Roads and the environment (20072009)
CT21.5 Noise and vibration from traffic (20082009)
CT22.4 Transport for the disabled and elderly (20042007)
CT23.3 Electric and hybrid vehicles (20042007)
CT24.5 High-speed rail (20052008)
CT25.7 Road pricing (20082009)
CT28.4 GIS in transport (20032005)
CT30.6 Parking systems technology (20072009)
CT31.6 Passenger information technology (20072009)
CT32.5 Video in traffic management (20072009)
CT50.2 Transport: pollution and health (20002004)
CT51.3 Shopping centres and transport (20042008)
CT52.4 Environmental impact assessment studies (20072009)
CT53.4 LRT and rapid transit systems (20072009)
CT54.4 Lorries and the environment (20052009)
CT55.3 Transport of hazardous goods (20052009)
CT56.3 Fuel consumption and alternative fuels (20052007)
CT57.3 Transport in developing countries public transport
CT59.6 Urban traffic control (20062008)
CT81.4 Sustainability in transport (20062008)
CT85.4 Traffic modelling (20092010)
CT88.3 Private funding of transport infrastructure (20052007)
CT90.4 Intermodal freight transport (20042007)
CT95.2 Traffic de/generation (20012005)
CT101.2 Road accident costs (20012006)
CT105.4 Soil mechanics settlement (20072009)
CT106.3 Transport policies in the EU (20032006)
CT108.3 Rail privatisation (20042008)
CT110.4 Journey to work (20082010)
CT111.2 Taxi and paratransit (20012005)
CT112.3 Car ownership (20072009)
CT113.2 Intermodal passenger transport (20002006)
CT114 Value of time (personal travel & freight transport)
CT115.1 Airport access (road/rail) (20012004)
CT116.2 Town centres and traffic management (20032007)
CT117.3 UK transport policy (20082010)
CT118.3 Transport in London (20072009)
CT120.4 Traffic monitoring and incident detection (20062008)
CT122.2 Junction and roundabout design (20032007)
CT123.2 Driver risk perception (20012005)
CT124 Rail transport operations (19951997)
CT126.2 Parking in urban areas (20052008)
CT127.2 Vehicle operating costs (20062010)
CT129 Aesthetics of transport structures (19911998)
CT131.3 Transport in developing countries: planning and
investment (20072010)
CT132.3 Integrated transport planning (20042007)
CT134.3 Freight transport logistics (20082009)
CT135.2 Transport demand and modal shift (20032007)
CT139.2 Local transport planning (20082009)
CT141.2 Junction delay and safety (20052008)
CT142.2 Car usage reduction methods (20032006)
CT143.2 Managed vehicle lanes (20032008)
CT144 Transport modelling (19942000)
CT147 Rural transport in developed countries (19982002)
CT149.1 Bus service improvement (20042008)
CT151.1 Transport and social inclusion (20082009)
CT157 Transport planning for exceptional events (20012006)
CT159 Transport and climate change (20042007)
Electronics and communications in
CT19.4 Bus priority measures (20022005)
CT25.6 Road pricing (20062007)
CT27.6 Transport telematics (20052007)
CT28.5 GIS in transport (20052007)
CT29.6 Electronic route guidance (20062008)
CT30.5 Parking systems technology (20052007)
CT31.5 Passenger information technology (20032006)
CT32.3 Video in traffic management (20012003)
CT58.6 Driver information systems (20072009)
CT59.6 Urban traffic control (20062008)
CT60. Vehicle location and identification (20062009)
CT61.5 Smart technology in transport (20082009)
CT64.5 Variable message signs (20062008)
CT96.4 Collision avoidance systems (20042007)
CT103.5 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) (20082010)
CT109.3 Vehicle communication and vehicle-highway
communication (20062008)
CT120.4 Traffic monitoring and incident detection (20062008)
CT146.3 Transport information and the internet (20072010)
CT148.1 Law enforcement and legal aspects of intelligent
transport systems (20022007)
CT150.2 Marketing and acceptance of intelligent transport
systems (20072010)
CT152.1 Intelligent transport systems and winter conditions
CT153 Railway signalling technology (20002004)
CT154.1 Intelligent transport systems and environment
protection (20042009)
CT155.1 ITS-driver interfaces (20042008)
CT162 Intelligent speed management (20062009)
Civil engineering
CT3.6 Bridge maintenance (20082009)
CT10.5 Low-cost roads (20062008)
CT13.2 Alkali-silica reaction in concrete (20002005)
CT34.5 Streetworks management and safety (20062009)
CT35.5 Winter maintenance (20062009)
CT36.4 Recycling of road materials (20042007)
CT37.5 Geotextiles in road engineering (20052008)
CT38.3 Bridge design and construction (20072008)
CT40.5 Bituminous road design and construction (20052007)
CT41.5 Concrete road design and construction (20072009)
CT65.5 Reinforced earth (20062009)
CT66.4 Steel corrosion in reinforced concrete (20082010)
CT67.4 Road surface noise (20052007)
CT68.4 Deterioration of road surfaces (20032007)
CT69.4 Embankments and earthworks: design and
construction (20062008)
CT70.4 Site investigation (20062009)
CT71.3 Design and construction of tunnels (20072009)
CT72.3 Tunnel lighting and ventilation (20032007)
CT75.5 Safety barriers (20052008)
CT82.5 Pavement management systems (20062008)
CT89.4 Aggregates in road construction (20062008)
CT92.4 Highway drainage and construction (20062009)
CT98.2 Amenity paving (including concrete block paving)
CT105.3 Soil mechanics / settlement studies (20042006)
CT119.2 Bituminous binders and mix design (20062008)
CT121.3 Non-destructive testing (20042007)
CT125.3 Fibre-reinforced concrete (20052008)
CT128.3 Bridge assessment and testing (20092010)
CT130.3 Rubber in pavements (20052010)
CT133.2 Transport in developing countries: road design and
construction (20022007)
CT136.3 Road surfacing treatments (20052008)
CT137.2 Transport in developing countries: bridges and tunnels
design and construction (20022007)
CT145.3 Sustainable development (20072009)
CT156.1 Multi-storey parking garages (20052010)
CT161 Carriageway marking (20062009)
Transport safety
CT2.5 Cycling safety (20072009)
CT9.5 Seat belts and in-car safety (20082009)
CT12.2 Road accidents weather and seasonal aspects
CT42.4 Alcohol, drugs and driving (20052007)
CT43.5 Accident prevention measures (20052008)
CT44.4 In-car safety: children (20042007)
CT45.5 Child safety on the road (20042007)
CT46.3 Accident black spots (20062010)
CT47.4 Pedestrian accident studies (20032006)
CT48.4 Crashworthiness: vehicle structure and safety
CT49.4 Motorcycle safety (20042007)
CT73.5 Airbag safety systems (20052009)
CT74.3 ABS braking systems (20012005)
CT75.5 Safety barriers (20052008)
CT76.4 Elderly drivers (20042007)
CT77.4 Driver training (20072010)
CT78.3 Road safety education (20042008)
CT79.3 Driver fatigue (20042007)
CT80.3 Driver behaviour (20042006)
CT83.3 Safety helmets (cycle and motorcycle) (20042008)
CT84.4 Speed and road accidents (20062008)
CT87.4 Bus and coach safety (20072010)
CT91.3 Causes of road traffic accidents (20062009)
CT93.3 Engine design (materials, fuel consumption and
emissions) (20072009)
CT94.3 Street lighting and vehicle lighting (20042007)
CT97.3 Injuries from traffic accidents (20082010)
CT99.3 Side impact vehicle protection (20052008)
CT100.3 Vehicle tyres: design and safety (20052007)
CT102.3 Rollover accident studies (20052008)
CT104.2 Vehicle design for disabled people (20002006)
CT107.4 Road safety publicity campaigns (20072010)
CT123.3 Driver risk perception (20052009)
CT138.3 Railway safety (20072009)
CT140.3 Highway safety auditing (20052009)
CT158.1 Transport terrorism and vandalism (20052008)
CT160 Accident statistics and modelling (20052008)
TRL Select
TRL Select offers the following subscription options:
Option 1: Delivery of all new Published Project Reports (PPRs) in PDF format
Every month you'll receive via email the full version of each PPR issued that month. These PPRs cover many different
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Around 60 publications a year worth over 2100. All for just 249 + VAT per annum.
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Every month you'll receive via email the full version of each newly published CT.
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New titles in 2010
ARR09 Annual Research Review 2009.
TRL674 Durability of thin asphalt surfacing systems. Part 4: Final report after nine years monitoring.
J C Nicholls, I Carswell, C Thomas and B Sexton.
RN43 Best practice guide for recycling into surface course. I Carswell, J C Nicholls, I Widyatmoko, J Harris and
R Taylor.
INS005 How can we produce safer new drivers? A review of the effects of experience, training and limiting
exposure on the collision risk of new drivers. S Helman, G B Grayson and A M Parkes.
INS006 A route to low-carbon mobility in developing countries. A Binsted and H Dalkmann.
INS007 Increasing the environmental sustainability of asphalt. J C Nicholls, I Carswell, M Wayman and J M Reid.
INS008 Car head restraint geometry. D Hynd and J A Carroll.
TRF003 The future for GB container terminals. Professor Michael G H Bell.
TRF004 25+ years of marketisation and institutional change: are we getting a better deal from transport?
Dr David Quarmby.
TRF005 Public or private? Meeting growing transport needs in an age of austerity. Professor Stephen Glaister.
PPR454 Development of a discussion-based intervention for learner drivers. B Lang, T Vandrevala and
J McWhirter.
PPR483 Re-valuation of home accidents. L K Walter.
PPR514 Sideguards on heavy goods vehicles: assessing the effects on pedal cyclists injured by trucks
overtaking or turning left. R Cookson and I Knight.
PPR517 Rear underrun protection for heavy goods vehicles: the potential effects of changes to the minimum
technical requirements. R Minton and T Robinson.
PPR524 Matching speed production in real and simulated driving environments. C Diels and A M Parkes.
CT12.3 Road safety weather and environmental aspects update (20062010).
CT27.7 Transport telematics update (20082010).
CT107.4 Road safety publicity campaigns update (20072010).
CT127.2 Vehicle operating costs update (20062010).
CT131.3 Transport in developing countries: planning and investment update (20072010).
CT150.2 Marketing and acceptance of intelligent transport systems update (20072010).
TRL publications catalogue 2011