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PS1 chm115_dcapodaca 1

st
term 2012-2013
1. Evaluate the solubility constant of silver chloride (the equilibrium constant for the
dissolution of AgCl
(s)
) and its solubility from cell potential data at 298.15K.
AgCl
(s)
+ e
-
Ag
(s)
+ Cl
-
(aq)
E

= +0.22 V
Ag
+
(aq)
+ e
-
Ag
(s)
E

= +0.80 V

2. A current is passed through 500.0 mL of a solution of CaI
2
. The following electrode
reactions occur:
Anode: 2I
-
I
2
+ 2e
-

Cathode: 2H
2
O + 2e
-
H
2
+ 2OH
-

After some time, analysis of the solution shows that 35.7 mmol of I
2
has been formed. A)
How many faradays of charge have passed through the solution? b) How many
coulombs? c) What volume of dry H
2
at STP has been formed? d) What is the pH of the
solution?

3. A cell constructed in which one half-cell consists of a Zn wire dipped in a solution of
Zn(NO
3
)
2
. The other half-cell is composed of an inert electrode in a solution containing a
mixture of Fe
2+
and Fe
3+
ions. What will the cell potential, E
cell
, be if the soluble ions
have the following concentrations at 25
o
C? [Zn
2+
] = 0.49M; [Fe
2+
] = 0.16 M; [Fe
3+
] =
0.41 M
a. Write the balanced electrochemical reaction.
b. Use the reduction potentials to determine E

:
i. E

Fe
3+
, Fe
2+
= + 0.771 V and E

Zn
2+
, Zn
= - 0.763 V
c. Write the expression for the reaction quotient, Q
d. Determine E
cell
.
e. Draw the complete galvanic cell set-up for this. Label each component.

4. In basic solution, hypochlorite ions, ClO
-
, oxidize chromite ions, CrO
2
-
, to chromate ions,
CrO
4
2-
, and are reduced to chloride ions. Write the balanced half cell reactions and the
net ionic equation for this reaction. Provide the cell diagram (schematic) for this.

5. A glass-electrode SCE pair is calibrated at 25
o
C with a pH 4.01 standard buffer, the
measured voltage being 0.814 V. What voltage would be measured in a 1.00 x 10
-3
M
acetic acid solution? Assume a
H
+
= [H
+
]; K
a
= 1.75 x 10
-5

pH
unk
= pH
std
+ E
cell std
- E
cell unk

2.303 RT/F

6. The following data were obtained when a Ca
2+
ion selective electrode was immersed in a
series of standard solutions whose ionic strength was constant at 2.0 M.
Ca
2+
, M E, mV
3.38 x 10
-5
-74.8
3.38 x 10
-4
-46.4
3.38 x 10
-3
-18.7
3.38 x 10
-2
10.0
3.38 x 10
-1
37.7
Find [Ca
2+
] in a sample that gave a reading of -22.5 mV.