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II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2008

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy &

Material Technology, Production Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering

and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Distinguish between : stress and strain, normal stress and shear stress, working

stress and yield stress. [6]

(b) An aluminium bar 60 mm diameter when subjected to an axial tensile load 100

kN elongates 0.20 mm in a gage length 300 mm and the diameter is decreased

by 0.012 mm. Calculate the modulus of elasticity and the Poissons ratio of

the material. [10]

2. A beam of span 10m is simply supported at two points 6m apart with equal over-

hang on either side. Both the overhanging portions are loaded with a uniformly

distributed load of 2 kN/m run and the beam also carries a concentrated load of

10 kN at the midspan. Construct the SF and BM diagrams and locate the points

of inexion, if any. [16]

3. (a) State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

(b) Derive the Bending equation from st principle. [10]

4. (a) A rectangular beam 125mm wide is subjected to maximum shear force of

110kN. Find the depth of the beam if the maximum permissible shear stress

is 7MPa. [8]

(b) A beam of I-section is having overall depth of 700mm and overall width as

230mm. The thickness of the anges is 25mm where as the thickens of the

web is 20mm. If the section carries a shear force of 64kN, Calculate the shear

stress at salient points. [8]

5. A square frame is shown in Figure 5. is subjected to a vertical load W = 1000KN.

Determine the support reactions and forces in its members. [16]

1 of 2

Code No: R05210303 Set No. 1

Figure 5

6. (a) A beam of length L is supported at each end with a couple applied at an in-

termediate point. Deduce an expression for the deection and hence calculate

the deection at the point of application of the moment. [8]

(b) A beam of length L carries a uniformly distributed load w/unit length and

rests on three supports, two at the ends and one in the middle. Find how much

the middle support be lower than the end ones in order that the pressures on

the three supports shall be equal. [8]

7. (a) Derive an expression for the proportional increase in capacity of a thin cylin-

drical shell when it is subjected to an internal pressure. [8]

(b) A vertical gas storage tank is made of 25 mm thick mild steel plate and has to

withstand maximum internal pressure of 1.5 MN/m

2

. Determine the diameter

of the tank if stress is 240 MN/m

2

, factor of safety is 4 and joint eciency is

80%. [8]

8. A compound steel cylinder has a bore of 80 mm and an outside; diameter of 160

mm, the diameter at the common surface being 120 mm. Find the radial pressure

at the common surface which must be provided by shrinkage if the resultant max-

imum hoop tension in the inner cylinder under a superimposed internal pressure

of 60N/mm

2

is to be half the value of the maximum hoop tension which would be

produced in the inner cylinder if that cylinder alone were subjected to an internal

pressure of 60N/mm

2

. Determine the nal hoop tensions at the inner and outer

surfaces of both cylinder under the internal pressure of 60N/mm

2

and sketch a

graph to show the hoop tension varies across the cylinder wall. [16]

2 of 2

Code No: R05210303 Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2008

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy &

Material Technology, Production Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering

and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Derive the relationship between the three moduli of elasticity. [8]

(b) Show that in a prismatic bar, the maximum stress intensity due to a suddenly

applied load is twice the stress intensity produced by the same load applied

gradually. [8]

2. (a) Dene statically determinate and statically indeterminate beams. Give exam-

ples. [6]

(b) A cantilever beam of length 2m carries a uniformly distributed load of 2 kN/m

over the whole length and a point load of 3 kN at the free end. Draw the SF

and BM diagrams. [10]

3. (a) Find the dimensions of the strongest rectangular beam that can be cut out of

a log of wood 2.6m diameter. [8]

(b) A T-beam having ange 160mm 20mm and web 20mm 170mm is simply

supported over a span of 6.5m. It carries a u.d.l of 6kN/m including self weight

over its entire span, together with a point load of 40kN at mid span. Find the

maximum tensile and compressive stresses occurring in the beam section and

sketch the stresses across the section. [8]

4. For a section shown in gure4. determine the average shearing stresses at A,B, C

and D for a shearing force of 23kN. Also sketch the shear stress distribution across

the section. [16]

1 of 3

Code No: R05210303 Set No. 2

Figure 4

5. Find the forces in all the members of the warrentype Cantilever truss shown in

Figure 5 by the method of sections. Tabulate the values. [16]

Figure 5

6. (a) What is moment area method? Explain the two Mohrs theorems, as applica-

ble to the slope and deection of a beam. [6]

(b) A cantilever of uniform cross-section of length l carries two point loads, W at

the free end and 2W at a distance a from the free end. Find the maximum

deection due to this loading. [10]

7. (a) Dene pressure vessel and discuss the most important considerations while

designing pressure vessel. [6]

(b) A boiler shell is made of 15 mm thick plate having a limiting tensile stress

of 125 N/mm

2

. If the longitudinal and circumferential eciencies are 70%

and 60% respectively, determine the maximum diameter of the shell. The

allowable maximum pressure is 2.2 N/mm

2

. [10]

2 of 3

Code No: R05210303 Set No. 2

8. Compare the values of max. and minimum hoop stresses for a cast steel cylindrical

shell of 600 mm external dia. And 400 mm internal dia. Subjected to a pressure

of 30N/mm

2

applied

(a) Internally and

(b) Externally. [8+8]

3 of 3

Code No: R05210303 Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2008

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy &

Material Technology, Production Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering

and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

1. Prove that Poissons ratio for the material of a body is 0.5, if its volume does not

change when stressed. Prove also that Poissons ratio is zero when there is no

lateral deformation when a member is axially stressed. [16]

2. (a) How do you classify loads? Give examples. [4]

(b) A simply supported beam of length 5m carries a uniformly increasing load of

800 N/m run at one end to 1600 N/m run at the other end. Draw the S.F.

and B.M. diagrams for the beam. [12]

3. (a) What is elastic section modulus? [4]

(b) A beam resting freely on supports 5.8m apart carries a u.d.l of 12 kN/m and

also a point load of 15 kN at 2m from the left support. If the permissible

stress in timber is 5 MPa, design a suitable section by making the depth equal

to 1.8 times the width. [12]

4. (a) Derive from rst principles the expression for shear stress at any point in a

circular section of a beam when it is subjected to a shear force F. [8]

(b) At a section of a rectangular beam the shear force is 165kN. The section of

the beam is 120mm wide and 250mm deep. Calculate the shear stresses at

125mm, 50mm and 0mm from the neutral axis. Draw the sketch showing the

variation of shear stress. [8]

5. Determine the force in all the members of the truss shown in Figure 5 by method

of sections. [16]

1 of 2

Code No: R05210303 Set No. 3

Figure 5

6. (a) A beam of length L is supported at each end with a couple applied at an in-

termediate point. Deduce an expression for the deection and hence calculate

the deection at the point of application of the moment. [8]

(b) A beam of length L carries a uniformly distributed load w/unit length and

rests on three supports, two at the ends and one in the middle. Find how much

the middle support be lower than the end ones in order that the pressures on

the three supports shall be equal. [8]

7. Derive the formula for the thickness of the thin cylindrical shell and solve the

following problem. A thin cylindrical shell of 1 m diameter is subjected to an

internal pressure of 1 N/mm

2

. Calculate the suitable thickness of the shell, if the

tensile strength of the plate is 400 N/mm

2

and factor of safety is 4. [16]

8. (a) What are the dierences between thin and thick cylinders.

(b) Calculate the thickness of metal necessary for a thick cylinder of internal

dia.80mm to withstand an internal pressure of 30N/mm

2

. if the max. per-

missible tensile stress is 125N/mm

2

. [6+10]

2 of 2

Code No: R05210303 Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2008

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy &

Material Technology, Production Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering

and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

1. A solid conical bar tapers uniformly from a diameter of 6cm to 2cm in a length

of 100 cm. It is suspended vertically at the 6cm diameter, the 2 cm diameter end

being downward. Calculate the elongation of the bar due to self-weight. Take unit

weight of the bar material as 78.5 kN/m

3

and E = 204 kN/mm

2

. [16]

2. A horizontal beam of 10m long is carrying a uniformly distributed load of 1 kN/m

over the entire length. The beam is simply supported on two supports 6m apart.

Find the position of the supports, so that the BM on the beam is as small as

possible. Also draw the SF and BM diagrams. [16]

3. (a) State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

(b) Derive the Bending equation from st principle. [10]

4. (a) Obtain from rst principles the expression for maximum shear stress in a

triangular section of a beam. Sketch the variation of shear stress. [8]

(b) A beam of I-section is having overall depth as 600mm and overall width as

200mm. The thickness of anges is 25mm where as the thickness of the web

is 20mm. If the section carries a shear force of 55kN, calculate shear stress at

salient points and sketch the shear stress distribution across the section. [8]

5. Figure 5 shows a truss ABCDEF, hinged at F and roller supported at D. It carries

vertical loads of 30 kN at A and 20 kN at C. Determine reactions at supports and

forces in all the members by method of joints. [16]

1 of 2

Code No: R05210303 Set No. 4

Figure 5

6. (a) A girder of uniform section and constant depth is freely supported over a span

of 2.5 meters. Calculate the central deection and slopes at the ends of the

beam under a central load of 25 kN. Given: I

XX

= 7.807 10

6

m

4

and E =

200 GN/m

2

. [8]

(b) A simply supported 6 meters long rolled steel joist carries a uniformly dis-

tributed load of 9.5 kN/meter length. Determine slope and deection at a

distance of 3 meters from one end of the beam. [8]

7. A vertical steam boiler is of 2 m internal diameter and 5 m high. It is constructed

with 20 mm thick plates for a working pressure of 1 N/mm

2

. The end plates are

at and are not stayed. Calculate

(a) the stress in the circumferential plates due to resisting the bursting eect and

the stress in the circumferential plate due to the pressure on the end plates.

[8]

(b) the increase in length, diameter and volume. Assume the Poissons ratio as

0.3 and E = 200 GN/m

2

. [8]

8. Compare the values of max. and minimum hoop stresses for a cast steel cylindrical

shell of 600 mm external dia. And 400 mm internal dia. Subjected to a pressure

of 30N/mm

2

applied

(a) Internally and

(b) Externally. [8+8]

2 of 2

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