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GREETINGS and POLITE PHRASES

~~fJVd I ~~~ - Greetings at any point of time when one meets another.

11

~

a5en ~oeo ? = How are you

Q

?

C\k)~ tSC\k)l\ ~de~ = I am fine

o(

Q

!

do:bw~= Please

d~U> tJc:J = Please come.

tJ

o(

~~~d = Thanks

~o~ ~oMe~ = (l'am I We are) Very happy.

~ot!3 =Sure

~0 = Fine I Okay

aS.J()ert tJMe~ = Bye I I will come back.

~

~~3 ~et!~~ =Take care.

Greetings and Polite Phrases /2

= Fine I Okay aS.J()ert tJMe~ = Bye I I will come back. ~ ~~3 ~et!~~

PRONOUNS 1 ~~rNC)~rl~

Kannada distinguishes three genders, masculine, feminine and neuter. As a rule, they are, "natural" genders. That means, words denoting male or female human beings are masculine and feminine, while animals and non living things are neuter. Kannada pronouns also distinguish between remote and proximate, i.e. whether the person they refer to is further away or closed by. The second person plural is also used in addressing someone politely. The third person plural is also used to refer to someone would address politely.

SINGULAR

First Person

First Person  
 

Second Person

You

Third Person Masculine

He

e;,~c;i:)(Remote) I

~~c±> (Proximate)

Third Person Feminine

She

e~~ (Remote) I ~~~ (Proximate)

Third Person Neuter

It

e;,dJ (Remote) I ~OJ (Proximate)

PLURAL

First Person

We

Second Person

You

Third Person - Human

They

e;,~cb(Remote) I ~~cb (Proximate)

Third Person - Neuter

They

e~ (Remote)

I ~~ (Proximate)

Pronouns I 3

SELF INTRODUCTION c:S~4d Namaskara. c:S~4~:1. c:Je~ OOJdcb? Namaskara. Who are you? c:JVc:.:b c:J~e5 I am

SELF INTRODUCTION

c:S~4d Namaskara. c:S~4~:1. c:Je~OOJdcb? Namaskara. Who are you?

c:JVc:.:b c:J~e5 I am Viveka c:Sc:S aSAJdJ c:J~e5 My name is Viveka

<>{

c:JVc:.:b 5~~

I am Katrin My name is Katrin

c:S~aSAJdJ 5~~

c:JVc:.:b ~a;)

I am Sarah

c:Sc:Sffi;rJdJ ~a;)

<>{

My name is Sarah

c:JVc:.:b

~c:Sffi~dJ

<>{

c:JVc:.:b

c:Sc:S ffi~dJ

<>{

c:JVc:.:b

c:Sc:S ffi~ro

<>{

c:JVc:.:b

c:Sc:S a5~dJ

<>{

c:JVc:.:b

c:Sc:S ffi~dJ

<>{

Nt>c:.:b

~~ ffi~dJ

<>{

lam

My name is

lam

My name is

lam

My name is

lam

My name is

I am

My name is

lam

My name is

c:JVc:.:b

c:S~a5~ro

I am

My name is

{Vt)~t.J~~'1_rie;,QC:>~crl~ I am a Kannada Teacher

~~ro t.JtJro ~~rie;,~~crlo

w

cot.

()

She (proximate) (honorific) is a Kannada Teacher (feminine)

{Vt)c;i) t.JtJ~ ~~ri e~rcdo

w

cot.

()

I am a Kannada Teacher (feminine)

c:::JV~t.J~~'1_riw~ 25 tpF I am a Kannada Student

c:::J()c;i) t.JtJ~~~ri w~ ~tpFN I am a Kannada Student (feminine)

w

cot.

()

~c:S~~~riw~ 25 tpF He is a Kannada Student

~c:S~ ~~riw~ 25 tpFN She is a Kannada Student (feminine)

~c:Sro~~riw~ 25 tpF

He is a Kannada Student

SelfIntroduction I 5

o:mc:b? Who?

c:Je~o:lJ;)d,) ? Who are you ? (honorific)

(:)~a5~d:>e:>~? What is your name ? (honorific)

~~~ a5~d:> e:>~?

~~~ a5~cb e:>~?

What is his (proximate) name ?

What is her (proximate) name ?

~~d a5~dJ e:>~? What is his I her (honorific) (proximate) name?

~~cb o:lJ;)dJ ? Who are they ? (remote)

~~dJ o:lJ;)dJ ?

Who is he I she? (honorific) (remote)

~~cb ~~ 6

crl5 He (proximate) is teacher

~~cb ~~ ~~ 6 crl5

He (proximate) is my teacher

~~dJ ci:)<::Jc) 6 tpF

He I she (honorific) (proximate) is a student

~~ro ~~ ci:)<::Jc)

c{

c'~F

o'

~~ro w<::Jc) 6 tpF(:J

He (honorific) (proximate) is my student

She (honorific) (proximate) is a student (feminine)

~~dJ ~~ w<::Jc) 6 tpF(:J She (proximate) is my student (feminine)

eJt5~F ~~ rt~® I 7Seeo~ Richard

c{

c{

is my friend

5.~~ ~~ rt~~I 7Seeo3

J

c{

c{

Cathrin is my friend (feminine)

Self Introduction I 6

VOCABULARY

1. FURNITURE AND HOUSEHOLD OBJECTS

~~ ~owoQ ~~~ d~rleob

 

-

House

ZJVF\W

-

Door

-

Window

-

Yard I Courtyard

-

Front Hall

-

Room

e®ii 5Jc>e~

-

Kitchen

Z.Jz5m 5Jc>e~

-

Bath Room

-

Dining Room

-

Bed Room

-

Floor

c;m®

-

Roof

c;me;>;i

-

Upstairs

-

Chair

-

Table

zjoz.SJ

-

Bench

-

Cot

Q5V,2.);i

-

Bed

-

Pillow

-

Telephone

-

Book

~

Vocabulary I 7

- Pen - Scissors - Computer ~F"~cd crl~~ I ~ecrlc1' - Newspaper ~Oc)~~~ I oe~oi(c)e
- Pen - Scissors - Computer ~F"~cd crl~~ I ~ecrlc1' - Newspaper ~Oc)~~~ I oe~oi(c)e

- Pen

- Scissors

- Computer

~F"~cd crl~~I ~ecrlc1' - Newspaper

~Oc)~~~ I oe~oi(c)e

-

-

-

;::bo

 

-

0

~c:irc>edo~c::S

-

-

-

-

-

-

5~dt.DM eJ

a5Jc>OVN

-

-

 

eJ

eJ

d.ft)ee3

-

-

-

 

J)

 

-

5cdt:A

 

-

 

ol.

ticdriti

-

ol.

Radio

Television

Channel (of TV)

News

Entertainment

Serial

Cinema ; Movie

Watch

Clock

Waste paper basket

Flower vase

Plate

Cup I Glass

Spoon

Knife

Pan

Mirror

Spectacles I Glasses

Vocabulary I 8

Waste paper basket Flower vase Plate Cup I Glass Spoon Knife P a n Mirror Spectacles

2. tJ&j

cJ

~~ eJ

~e~t cdoz.S

1veo

dc;55

~o?i

eof\

5~

?

Q

5dc;S;cy

d)

c;i)e3)

eJ

tlh)e3)

,- J

~~ ~~~~~~ I

Cloths & Dresses

~

Clothes

Undergarment of men

Saree

Blouse

Skirt

Shirt

Trouser

Towel

Footwear

Shoes

3. M~~mew I

Horticulture

Mee.3

Garden

Well

Backyard

J)

 

Plant (bush, shrub)

f\d

Plant

ci>d

Tree

Flower

Vocabulary I 9

4. mQS~r(~ I

Vehicles

~5~ v

Bicycle

Scooter

~w~ ~

 

Motor bicycle

OC)OJ

Car

Bus

,-.J

 

Train

Aeroplane

Ship

Boat

s. d~a5d e,:,onn~ j eoov PARTS

~~

-

kdrn

-

-

Head

Hair

~.X~J~ I W,)OJ~ - Brain

-

Face

-

Eye

~

Ocd

c.)

~~

UV®

~rn

M

<'Jc)eJ?i

~eJ

-

Eyelid

-

Nose

-

Mouth

-

Tooth

-

Tongue

-

Lip

 

-

Chin

M

 

-

Cheek

co(

 

-

Forehead

o;J

-

Ear

-

Throat

5-J~rtI 5fe)d~

-

Neck

t

- Hand

<WO

-

Chest

-

Breast

~t:$I ffi~rn

-

Shoulder

 

- Arm

Vocabulary /11

Palm

Finger

Back

0~

o5.fC)~ tJ

;:is()o~

~a>

Mri

c;J;)d

(~m) oo~

erort>dJ

~~F

~rnm

0~/~0J

~

~

;JJe~

rlri

~

Belly I Stomach

Waist

Leg

Thigh

Foot

Toe

Nail

Skin

Bone

Blood

Moustache

Beard

Vocabulary I 12

6.

;do~rl~ j NUMBERS

tJOOJ - ~ddJ - ~OJ - - c:JC)~ eodJ - eOJ - w~J - -
tJOOJ
-
~ddJ
-
~OJ
-
-
c:JC)~
eodJ
-
eOJ
-
w~J
-
-
~ow.:>
tJ02J~
-
~
aS~
-
~
aS~odJ
-
c{
a5c8ddJ
-
c{
aSCJ~OJ
-
aS(Jc:JC)~
-
aSCJ~dJ
-
a5(Jc:JC) OJ
-
a5oc3e~J
-
a5CJc8ow.=>
-
a5Mo2J~
-
~
~
~crl~
-
c;.J~
~crlModJ
-
c;.J
~

One

Two

Three

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

Ten

Eleven

Twelve

Thirteen

Fourteen

Fifteen

Sixteen

Seventeen

Eighteen

Nineteen

Twenty

Twenty one

~~~ddJ - Twenty two ~ ~cd~~cb - Twenty three f.)~ ~cd~N()e)J Twenty four l! W-J)
~~~ddJ
-
Twenty two
~
~cd~~cb -
Twenty three
f.)~
~cd~N()e)J
Twenty four
l!
W-J)
~crl~ ~m
Twenty five
f.)~
~~~
Thirty
~
~m~~
Forty
~
~~~
Fifty
~
ecb~~
Sixty
~
i:)cj~
Seventy
f.)~
i:)OtJ~
Eighty
~
MOtJ~
Ninety
~
~cb
Hundred
~wd
Thousand
~s.
Lakh, 100,000

5,rc)~~

o;)e)J

el;SFteo

~m

Crore, 10 Milion

a quarter (Y.)

a half(%)

three quarters (~)

ORDINAL forms of NUMERALS

By adding -ec:Sol:> (-aneya) to the cardinal numerals, we obtain the ordinal forms ·

t

>odJ

-

t

>odc:Sol:>

-

First

wddJ

- wdric:Sol:>

-

Second

-

Third

M)9- M)qc:Sol:>

-

Fourth

wdJ - wdc:Sol:>

-

Fifth

ero -

edc:Sol:>

-

Sixth

c:J~ -

-

Seventh

wo~ - woe3c:Sol:>

-

Eighth

 

-

-

Ninth

 

-D

-D

a5~ - a5~c:Sol:>

-

Tenth

 

-D

-D

 

c:irdro

- c:irddc:Sol:>

-

Hundreth

~dm I ~d~c:Sol:>

-

Previous I Primary I First

~c:S- ~c:$a:b1 eo~c:b -

Last I Final

w~ (= How much?)

tJ

- w~ol:> (of which order?)

In spoken Kannada, the ending -ec:So:D(-aneya) is often shortened to -~e{anee);

t

wddJ +ec:$a:b--+ wddc:$a:b --+ wdric:Se

>odc:$e, t

>odJ

+ec:Sol:>--+ t

>odc:Sa:b--+

t

Jodc:Se

wdric:3e, ~dc:$e, Nc)~c:$e.

Vocabulary I 15

1 . ~. t.)~rl'(~ /COLOURS

tJ[C)

-

Colour

 

('C)

 

-

Dark (colour)

-

Light (colour)

-

White

-

Black

-

Red

o5mro1 o5~ro -

Green

 

-

Yellow

-

Blue

-

Orange

-

Brown

-

Violet

-

Rose

~OJ o:lrc>~tJ[C)? - What is this colour?

ra·

~OJ ~~ tJ[C)

('C)

- This is white colour .

N~ eoF\oi> tJ[C)rao:lrc>~dJ?- What is the colour of your shirt?

c::5c::5 eol\oi> tJ[C) N~~. -The colour of my shirt is blue.

c::(

('C)

~

e

tJ~oi> tJ[C) 5o~-

c.J

('C)

The colour of this cloth is red.

l\dd we5® tJ[C) o5mro- The colour of the leaf of that plant is Green.

('C)

efW~d tJ[C) N~~-

('C)

The colour of the sky is blue .

~ ~wc::5tJ[C) rb~~- The colour of this flower is rose.

('C)

e M~~o:i) tJ[C) o5~0- The colour of that wall is yellow.

('C)

~OJ ~~ o5Abro tJ[C) -This is dark green colour.

('C)

eOJ c::5Ab 5o~ tJ£'@-

('C)

That is light red colour.

Vocabulary I 16

. '$. DAYS of the WEEK and WORDS denoting TIME

~~rl~, ~drl~ ~~ ~~

j

of the WEEK and WORDS denoting TIME ~~rl~, ~drl~ ~~ ~~ j M ~cjJc;:Jc)d - M

M ~cjJc;:Jc)d

-

Monday

cjJo~~c;:Jc)d

-

Tuesday

-

Wednesday

rbdJc;:Jc)d

-

Thursday

-

Friday

-

Saturday

- Today

-

Today

-

Tomorrow

Friday - Saturday - Today - Tomorrow   - Yesterday - Day before yesterday
 

-

Yesterday

-

Day before yesterday

 

<>(.

 

-

Now

-

Then, at the time

cjJ3

j

-

Then /later

-

Afterwards

- Morning

-

Morning

- Noon

-

Noon

Vocabulary /17

;rSo~ 1 m®oot)eJ o v ~ ~~ov~ 1 c:Sruov~ c i D o ~ c

;rSo~1m®oot)eJ

ov~

~~ov~1c:Sruov~

ciDo~c8

ciD~o~

,-.J

-

Night

Evening

Midnight

Early morning I Dawn

Late evening I Dusk

 

Holiday

oc:S

Day

Week

cda

Fortnight

Month

Year

7ioe3

Hour

Minute

Second

a~

~c:S~ o::iJC)cj wt>d ? - What is the day today? ~~~ ~ec::bwt>d. - Today is

~c:S~ o::iJC)cj wt>d? -

What is the day today?

~~~ ~ec::bwt>d.- Today is Monday.

D

~cto::iJC)cj wt>d? -

What was the day yesterday?

~~ t.Jc)~wt>d -

cot

Yesterday was Sunday .

c:JC)Q o::iJC)cj wt>d ? - What is the day tomorrow?

c:JC)Q c::bo~~wt>d -

Tomorrow is Tuesday.

~ct o::iJC)~wt>d ? - What was the day, day before yesterday?

~~ ~~wt>d -

cot

Day before yesterday was Saturday.

CVC)t!~o::iJC)~wt>d ? - What is the day, day after tomorrow?

CVC)t!~tJJdwt>d - Day after tomorrow is Wednesday.

Q

I

~~ ~~m ~0-

Now there is Sunshine .

~~ c::{)Q ~0-

Now there is Rain .

~ c::b~w~o- Again rain will come.

D

D

CVC)~c::b3 c::b~iiC'f5.Jt>eMet@- Let us go home later.

D

CVC)~ ec:i:>e~ovdf; 5Jt!a1Jdet@ - Let us drink coffee later.

~T< ~~;i woe3J T<o~- Now it is 8 O'clock in the morning .

('\

CVC)~c::bQt>i~lc::b~iiC'f5.Jt>eMet@- Let us go home at noon.

CVC)~~ot3 ~05V 5Jt!~e~ -I drink tea

D

in the evening .

~~ w~ ~o~? - W hat is the time now?

&J

Vocabulary I 19

CVC)~~ot3 ~05V 5Jt!~e~ -I drink tea D in the evening . ~~ w~ ~o~? - W

~~ c5c:if()ot::i:> ~o~ c5~ (:JW)~~~- Now the

c(

f)

time is 11 hours and 10 minutes .

Nt>c:i> ~o~eol:±>~o~rt~c:Srtoitc>~M~c:S-1go home at 5 O'clock in the evening .

f)

Nt>c:i> QV.& c5~ ~o~rt~~M~c:S. -I sleep at 10 O'clock at night.

:::::>

f)

f)

Nt>~d~- Tomorrow is a holiday

t.,ol:±> c::Jc)d~<W~ 0~~~- Seven days for a week.

t.,ol:±> cj~F~ c5~ddJ ~o~~rl~- Ten months for a year.

~rl ~ct>~~o:l:>? - What is the time now?

tJ

~rl~~o:l:>c5c:SddJ rio~~crl~(:JW)~;i~-Now the time is 12 hours and 20

minutes.

c(

r

J

D

Vocabulary I 20

3. l. ~OQJ~ ~drl~ /KINSHIP TERMS

ecd 1~od

-

Father

 

c.J

 

-

Mother

-

Son

-

Daughter

rlod

 

-

Husband

 

-

Wife

-

Children

-

Elder brother

 

('()

 

-

Younger Brother

-

Elder sister

-

Younger sister

-

Grandfather

-

Grandmother

-

Grandson

-

Granddaughter

c:mc;S

 

-

Uncle I Father-in-law

 

-

Maternal Uncle

e3

 

-

Aunt I Mother-in-law

 

.J)

Medde3

-

Maternal Aunt

 

.J)

 

-

Nephew I Son-in-law

Medd e~cm

-

Nephew

Vocabulary I 21

Niece I Daughter-in-law

NieceNiece I Daughter-in-law Brother-in-law I Wife's elder brother I Husband's elder brother Husband's younger

Brother-in-law I Wife's elder brother I

Husband's elder brother

Husband's younger brother

Husband's elder sister

- Wife's younger sister

Father's elder brother

Mother's elder sister

Father's younger brother I

Mother's younger sister's husband

- Mother's younger sister

c::>~3odo::b ffi;:jdJ ~c:,i)?- What is the name of your father?

c;:Sc;:S 3odo::b ffi;:jdJ

c(

- My father's name is

c::>~~o:JJojJffi;:jdJ ~c:,i)?- What is the name of your mother?

c;:Sc;:S~®o::b ffi;:jdJ

c{

- The name of my mother is

e;,c;Sc;:S erc>c;:S ffi;:jdJ ~c:,i)?- What is the name of his elder brother?

(C)

ec:Sc;:S erc>c;:S ffi;:jdJ

(C)

- The name of his elder brother is

ec:S~3ol1o::b ffi;:jdJ ~c:,i)?- What is the name of her younger sister?

ec:S~3ol1o::b ffi;:jdJ

- The name of her younger sister is

Vocabulary I 22

40.

~. ~~d ~~ ~N~o:br(~ j FOOD and DRINKS

Meals

Meals

Snacks

 

Rice

ec;:S

"(.

Cooked rice

osvrn

Milk

Yoghurt

Buttermilk

 

t::

 

Butter

£'<)

 

Melted butter

c

)

 

Oil

£'<)

 

Salt

;;:J~o lt

Sugar

ero~c;:JO()cru

Pickle

c

)

ooWJ

Flour

 

eJ

 

Lentil

Water

Water

Tea

 

Coffee

Food

Food

Vocabulary /23

~c:J~o,i)

Drink

 

Cold drink

Warm water

 

Fish

Chicken

Meat

Chicken meat

a5oo c;mo~

Pork

cir;)~ eJ

Egg

ctiOVuSF I c;j~

Curry I Side dish

 

I

v

 

Soup

~ot:JVdJ

?.5~~

M~ eJ

  I v   Soup ~ot:JVdJ ?.5~~ M ~ eJ Sambar; Spicy liquid curry I sauce

Sambar; Spicy liquid curry I sauce

Chapati

:

~

Roti, Bread

Idly; Rice dumpling

Rice pancake

Chutney

Sweet liquid dessert

: ~ Roti, Bread Idly; Rice dumpling Rice pancake Chutney Sweet liquid dessert Cereal Non-Vegetarian food

Cereal

Non-Vegetarian food

: ~ Roti, Bread Idly; Rice dumpling Rice pancake Chutney Sweet liquid dessert Cereal Non-Vegetarian food

Vocabulary I 24

eJ'\.G~ e~? - Had

your meal?

eJ'\.G~e~. - I had my meal.

- Had your snacks? (had your breakfast?)

~0~ e~?

- I had my snacks . (I had my breakfast)

~0~ e~.

c:J~~o~? - What is the snacks?

~o~ ~~ ;::;rvo~ro- Snacks is ldli Sambar.

M

~c±>lic;ir;;~d,)td~av? - Do you need yoghurt?

c::Sc::Sli c;ir;;~d,)2-J~~- I need yoghurt.

ec:S~liovc!J 2-Jeov? - Do he I she need Coffee?

.

.

e~~liov4J 2-Jeri- He I she does not need coffee.

c::Sc::Sli t505V 2-J~~-I need I want Tea.

c::Sc::Sli ~~~~o;:S ~~-I like Chicken.

e~~li c:J

)~~~~

tJ

tJ

~~ - She does not like fish .

M

NV~ c±>~li ~~~~c:S- I drink buttermilk.

t::l

~

e~~ 05Vill ~~o:b:>~O~ - He does not drink milk

M

~c±>li;:S~o2-J~ov? -Do you need sugar?

c::Sc::Sli ;:S~otd~d- 1do not need sugar.

41.

&. a5~r(e;b ~~ ~d~Or(eob j FRUITS and VEGETABLES

 

j

ClSrcD

-

Fruit

('t)

~~ I ~;;~ aS~ - Mango

("()

 

-

 

("()

 

-

fiero<lS~ ("()

 

;:3ew

 

-

 

-

crlcnva))

c.J

 

-

 

-

-

/)

 

-

-

aS~~~ ClSrcD

 

-

("()

 

-

-

 

l*

 

-

Banana

Cashew fruit

Apple

Grapes

Papaya

Ananas

Orange

Pomegranate

Sweet lime

Jackfruit

Lime

Chikku I Sapota

Guava

3dovtJ 1 ova))crl~

- Vegetable
M

Chikku I Sapota Guava 3dovtJ 1 ova))crl~ - Vegetable M ~ci)e~ 5.Jve~ I <W~5.Jve~ - Tomato

~ci)e~

5.Jve~I <W~5.Jve~

-

Tomato

- Cabbage

Vocabulary I 26

~~lfc)®

tJdc8

tJO~lfc)®

~JOtJ~O()®

-

Cucumber

- Brinjall Eggplant

- Lady's finger I Okra

-

Ashgourd

- Brinjall Eggplant - Lady's finger I Okra - Ashgourd cSJOJ~O()® ~~of\ ~715()® {\ ~of\~5()® K~C

cSJOJ~O()®

~~of\

~715()®

{\

~of\~5()®

K~C I O(}i~e3"

~f'C);::b

t.)~Q

-

-

Beans

Raddish

- Drumsticks

-

-

-

-

Coconut

Carrot

Chilly

Spinach

- Greens

~~

~~71~9a5f'@J ~~- I like banana.

('()

cJ

~c:b71olJC>c:S a$£'@.) t:J~~? - Which fruit you want?

('()

.

~~71~~WJa5f'@J t:Je~-I want apple.

('()

~~71 olJC>c:S a$£'@.) ~~? - Which fruit you like?

('()

cJ •

~~71~A~~- I like graps.

~~71ffel~lfc)®tJ~~- I want cucumber.

~~71t5(!)JC>~dd~'d-I dont want potato

c.

cSJOJ~lfc)®71 tJ~ ~~?-What is the price of beans?

~~ ~e~elfc)® ~o~ ~d- Pumpkin is very much here.

M

Vocabulary I 21

1\.2. 9. ~M~rls /HEALTH

Cold

Fever

Cough

Pain

Headache

Bodyache

Stomach ache

tJ

t5o.lJ;)~I ;::1)~ - Tiredness

~

~~~I ~dJ -

Medicine

Q

t5~3 ~

Hospital

Doctor

OV0 I c;:5;;:1'F'

Nurse

Tablet I Pill

c;:Sc;:S;i ~~~ef\0- I had cold .

c;:Sc;:S;i ~d ~d- I have fever.

N~li ~~~~~ ~do.lJ;)? - Do you have headactle

c;:Sc;:S;i eo.lJ;)~ef\0- I am tired.

c;:Sc;:S;i ~~~ ?.Je~-I need medicine.

NV~ e~;i a5,rc)~7i?.Je~- I have to go to the hospital.

eddJ 2.J~a:i)~~c1'- He I she is a

good doctor.

/[ :£. 11). ;d~I PLACE

(i)

ertfe)OJ

Place I Place of living

Place

cp

 

Village

Small Village

Town

cti~£'@ t.J

 

City

District

M

0;)~6

State I Province

 

Nation

Region

ctidde~ 1 ~de~ -

Foreign country

c:$o de~

Neighbouring country

World

Capital city

rlt!

rlt! ~de~

d,rc)cti~

I

~0

ffirc)eJ

~c:ms 1 ~lim

~~~~de~

Border

Border region

Map

River

Rivulet

Sea I Ocean

Plain land

roti Q d ~ c J Hill Small mountain   Mountain Valley ovdJ 1 e;,dq

roti

Q

d~cJ

Hill

Small mountain

 

Mountain

Valley

ovdJ 1 e;,dq

Forest

Desert

.!~d1 dor::! ~d~ I a5J()OO);i

 

Shore

-

Sand

a5J()od

Pit

 

Building

d~cj~~ q)

Temple

Mosque

Church

Jain temple

Sikh temple

Fort

Place

Vocabulary I 30

 

-

House

i7T()05

-

Industry

-

Factory

-

Shop

5o

-

Pond

ZJVw

-

Well

-

Lake

ciJd~FI d;:S

J)

-

Road

ovo

-

Way ; Path

-

Lane

 

M

 

-

Footpath

 

-

Cardinal direction

-

East

-

West

 

tj

 

-

North

 

J)

oaF:CJ

-

South

-

North East

-

North West

-

South West

ene®

-

South East

 

c(.

 

-

Side

N~ ef'\.Gd:> o:iJc>~dJ? - Which is your place?

~~

c(.

ef'\.Gd:> ~orl~JC>d:>- My place is Mangalore .

N~ ~~ o:lr;)~dJ? - Which is your District?

~~

c(.

~~ rj;t.f'@~~d ~~ - My district is Dakshina Kannada .

M~

c(.

M

N~ ov~6 o:lr;)~dJ?- Which is your state?

~1_OV~ 6 ~N'VF~~ -My state is Karnataka .

N~ Oel6 o:lr;)~OJ? - Which is your Country?

~1_Oel6 2;JV03- My country is India.

 

c(.

en

Gd:>

- My place/village is

 

- My district is

 

c(.

M

~1_OV~ 6

- My state is

 

- My country is

 

c(.

ffi

~Ool:l o5~roc;:)cSJ? - What is the name of this river?

ffi ~Ool:lo5~ro~®~ - The name of this river is Main.

ffi 2-J~d o5~roc;:)cSJ? -What is the name of this mountain?

-The name of this mountain is

~ 2-J~jo5~ro

Vocabulary I 32

N~ er\.GO~~Mo.:ir;)c;S 5J;)ee3 ~d? - Which fort is there in your place I village?

~ d~® o5~dJwc:::b? -What is the name of this road?

D

~ ~~oj:)oS~dJwc:::b? - What is the name of this lane?

M

~~oj:)oS~dJ wc:::b? - What is the name of this lane? M • eastern direction of your

eastern direction of your country?

N~ de~d ero~d o~~~Mwc:::b ~d? - Which country is there in the northern

~~c;i)~ol)cd~d~Meo'~d- By the side of our house, there is a shopa

direction of your country?

N()c:;b ;:irc)ec;i)c::Jc)d dec;S;:cyv:7ffa5JC>er03e~-1go to temple on Monday.

D

~t:

N()c:;b ~c:;bc::Jc)d~~~Fli a51C>er03e~.- 1go the Church on Sunday.

I

D

to temple on Monday. D ~t: N()c:;b ~c:;bc::Jc)d~~~Fli a51C>er03e~. - 1go the Church on Sunday. I

Vocabulary I 33