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Institut fr Sdasien-, Tibet- und Buddhismuskunde Universitt Wien

June,
How Buoouisr is rui Hiiuxinuiouixaraxria:
Alexis Sanderson
Handout
Not to be quoted without the permission of the author
Te Cakrasa
.
mvara/a
.
mvara corpus:
1. Mlatantra: Herukbhidhna, also called Cakrasa
.
mvara, Laghua
.
mvara/Laghu-
sa
.
mvara, and Laghvabhidhna
:. Vykhytantras: Herukbhyudaya (only accessible in Tibetan; probably the ear-
liest of these works; in some parts at least it is older than all the states of the
Herukbhidhna now visible), Vajra
.
dka (drawing also on the Catu
.
sp
.
tha), Abhi-
dhnottara, Yoginsa
.
mcra, Caturyoginsa
.
mpu
.
ta, Vrhyabhyudaya, Sa
.
mvarodaya,
.
Dkr
.
nava, and Sa
.
mpu
.
ta (shared with the Hevajra)
Commentaries on the Herukbhidhna:
1. Four surviving in Sanskrit: by Jayabhadra, Bhavabha
.
t
.
ta, Kambalapda, and
vatavajra (the last not yet accessible)
:. Seven accessible only in Tibetan: by Bhavyakrti, Devagupta, Durjayacandra,
Indrabhti, Tathgatarak
.
sita, and two Vravajras
Major forerunners of the Herukbhidhna, on which it draws: Sarvatathgatatattva-
sa
.
mgraha, Guhyasamja, Sarvabuddhasamyoga
.
dkinjlaa
.
mvara.
Yogintantras (/Yoganiruttaratantras) outside the Cakrasa
.
mvara corpus, which are later
than the Herukbhidhna, or probably so: Hevajra,
.
Dkinvajrapajara, Mahmudrti-
laka, Klacakra, Mahmy, Vajrm
.
rta, Buddhakapla, Ca
.
n
.
damahro
.
sa
.
na.
Early Yogintantra of uncertain relative date: Catu
.
sp
.
tha.
Some passages of the Herukbhidhna and their sources:
Herukbhidhna
1.1 athto rahasya
.
m vak
.
sye
samsn na tu vistart
rherukasa
.
myoga
.
m
1
sarvakmrthasdhakam
1.: uttard api cottara
.
m
.
dkinjlaa
.
mvaram
Sarvabuddhasamyoga
rahasye parame ramye 1.1 rahasye parame ramye
sarvtmani sad sthita
.
h sarvtmani sad sthita
.
h
1. sarva
.
dkinmaya
.
h sattvo sarvabuddhamaya
.
h sattvo
vajrasattva
.
h para
.
m sukham vajrasattva
.
h para
.
m sukham
asau hi svayambhr bhagavn 1.: asau svayambhr bhagavn
eka evdhidaivata
.
h
sarvabuddhasamyoga-
vro
.
dkinjlaa
.
mvaram
.
dkinja
.
mvara
.
h
Pau
.
skara etc.
1. sa
.
mbhavn ad
.
r
.
s
.
tavigrahc chntc
chivt paramakra
.
nt
ndarpd vini
.
skr
.
nt
.
h ndarpa
.
m vini
.
skrnta
.
m
stra
.
m paramadurlabham
Picumata / Brahmaymala
samaycragocar
.
h
durlabha
.
m tri
.
su loke
.
su
dimadhyntasa
.
msthitam
Cf. Herukbhyudaya 1.oc:
jig rten gsum na rnyed pa yin
*durlabha
.
m tri
.
su loke
.
su 8.1o durlabha
.
m tri
.
su loke
.
su
g.yon nas skyes pas byed pa yin
*vmodbhava- . . .
Cf. Herukbhidhna 1.o, V
.
D 1.1, AbhU ,: Jayadrathaymala,
.
Sa
.
tka , dyaygavidhipa
.
tala, v. :
vmodbhava
.
m jagat sarva
.
m trailokya
.
m sacarcaram bhagodbhava
.
m jagat sarva
.
m bhagamadhye laya
.
m gatam
dam tshig spyod pai mtshan nyid dang
*samaycralak
.
sa
.
nam samaycraplanam
Tantrasadbhva
1. manthyamanthnasa
.
myoga- mathyamanthanayogena
.
rjutva
.
m jyate priye
Cf. Kubjikmata 1:.o:ab:
madhyamanthnayogena jngnir jyate kila
yath tath mantrajpadhyndiyukta
.
m
Tere is nothing corresponding to 1.ab
:
in the Herukbhyudayas version.
Picumata
yoga caiva vidhijna
.
m 8.1oc yga
.
m vidhis tath jna
.
m
cakra
.
m yoga
.
m ca obhanam
8.11 kathaymi mahdevi
yat tvay codita
.
m *balam (?)
tantre nigadita
.
m
.
r
.
nu
1.o madhyamottamavsena madhyamottamachgena
gandhodakasahitena tu gandhodasahitena tu
kulik
.
m pjayen nitya
klavie
.
se
.
na tu
Cf. Abhidhnottara 1.11c:
madhyamottamavsena
gandhokasahitena tu
gulik
.
m krayed dhmn;
and Herukbhyudaya 1.8cd:
madhyamottamavsena
gandhokasahitena tu
va
.
tik
.
m prayen nitya
.
m 8.1: va
.
tik
.
m prayen prja
.
h
pjklavie
.
sata
.
h pjkle vie
.
sata
.
h
vidhna
.
m tu sad yojya
.
m
carvhre
.
na suvrate
8.1 samaye sadhne caiva
dravylabhanakarma
.
ni
1.; dtaya
.
h sahaj
.
h siddh tasyaiva dtaya
.
h siddh
.
h
sahaj vravandite
adhamottamamadhyam
.
h
Sarvatathgatatattvasa
.
mgraha
antargatena manas :o1: antargatena manas
kmasiddhi
.
m tu bhavayet kmauddhi
.
m ca bhvayan
1.8 svaretobindubhir buddhn svaretobindubhir buddhn
Guhyasamja
;.:o svavajra
.
m padmasa
.
myukta
.
m
dvayendriyaprayogata
.
h
svaretobindubhir buddhn
bodhisattv
.
m ca pjayet vajrasattv
.
m ca pjayet
Sarvabuddhasamyoga
daranasparanbhy
.
m ca daranasparanbhy
.
m ca
rava
.
ne smara
.
nena ca rava
.
nasmara
.
nena ca
1., mucyate sarvappais tu sarvappair vimucyante

*yujyante (em. : pjyante Ed.) sarvasiddhibhi


.
h
evam eva na sa
.
maya
.
h
Cf. Matasra, f. 1o:v::
yogitva
.
m parama
.
m pu
.
nya
.
m etat te parama
.
m mantra
.
m
pavitra
.
m ppananam pavitra
.
m ppananam
1.1o sidhyate japan mantra
.
m
jpena dhynena ca
samayn playen nitya
.
m Cf. Svacchanda .:a: samayn playen nityam ubhayrthaphalepsay;
Picumata ,1.:ab: samaym playet sarvv n khnapnavisarjitm;
and Timirodghtana f. ;r: samaya playen nityam ekkrapadsthitam
sdhaka
.
h susamhita
.
h Very common in the aiva scriptures, especially in the Picumata.
1.11 bhedena samayn
.
m tu
na dk
.
sma
.
n
.
dale siddhir avpyate Te term dk
.
sma
.
n
.
dalam is standard in aiva texts.
It occurs nowhere else to my knowledge in Tantric Buddhist literature, except
in Guhyasiddhi 8.1, where the context is aiva rather than Buddhist Ma
.
n
.
dala initiation.
Sarvabuddhasamyoga o.11o, var. o:o
madhu rakta
.
m sakarpra
.
m o.1 *mahrakta
.
m sakarpra
.
m
dmar chen dang ni ga bur bcas
raktacandanayojita
.
m *raktacandanayojita
.
m
tsa ndan dmar por byar ba dag
1.1: ga
.
namadhye prati
.
s
.
than tu *ga
.
namadhye prati
.
s
.
tha
.
m tu
tshogs kyi dbus su bzhag pa ni
Only in the version in the Abhidhnottara: sarvocchi
.
s
.
tarasyanam o.1d *sarvocchi
.
s
.
tarasyanam
ra sa ya na kun slong ba
sarvavajr nkacihnadh
.
rk o.o:d *savajravmacihnadh
.
rk (?)
g.yon pa mtshan dzin rdo rje bcas
o.1oa rang gi lha yi sbyor ldan pas /
o.oa rang gi lha yi rnal byor ldan
anm ngu
.
s
.
thavaktrbhy
.
m o.1ob *anm ngu
.
s
.
thavaktrbhy
.
m
srin lag dang ni mthe boi rtses
lehayed yogavit sad
1.1 somapnavad svdya o.1oc *somapnavad svdya
zhi bai btung pa bzhin myangs na
siddhim pnoti vatm *siddhim pnoti vatm
rtag pai dngos grub thob par gyur
pacm
.
rtam bhaved etat
sarvvasiddhipravartakam
1.1 catu
.
hpj
.
m tath yoginyo
vrdvayasampatti-
sampanna
.
m ca tattvadh
.
rk

divyamnu
.
syat
.
m saukhyam
pi
.
n
.
dk
.
rtya vajraka
.
nikay
kal
.
m nrghanti
.
so
.
dam

Herukbhidhna 1.1.1 aiva Yoginsa


.
mcra 8.:8
1.1 girigahvarakuje
.
su girigahvaraguhye
.
su
mahodadhita
.
te
.
su v mahodadhita
.
te
.
su ca
disiddhamane ca disiddhe mane v
tatra ma
.
n
.
dalam likhet likhen ma
.
n
.
dala
.
m ubham
. . . . . .
For this parallel (Herukbhidhna 1.1.1 < Jayadrathaymala,
.
Sa
.
tka , Yoginsa
.
mcra
8.:8), which covers the Herukbhidhnas treatment of the initiation ceremony, see
Saxoiisox :oo,, pp. :o:1:.

Te only substantially Buddhist passage in the main body of the Herukbhidhna:


1o.1 atha kyatraya
.
m vak
.
sye rherukdvayayogata
.
h |
yena vijtamtre
.
na sidhyante ntra sa
.
maya
.
h ||
1o.: dharmakyaarr
.
n
.
m yad bhavati sdhaka
.
h |
tad jna
.
m pravadmy aham ||
1o. sa
.
mbhogakyaarr
.
n
.
m yad bhavati sdhaka
.
h |
tad sa
.
mbhoga
.
m pravadmy aham ||
1o. nirm
.
nakyaarr
.
n
.
m yad bhavati sdhaka
.
h |
tad nirm
.
nakya
.
m pravadmy aham ||
1o. jnasa
.
mbhoganirm
.
na sampnoti na sa
.
maya
.
h |
rherukamhtmna
.
m sidhyate ntra sa
.
maya
.
h ||

Te last section of the Herukbhidhna as known to the earliest commentators, prob-


ably early in the 1oth century:
Herukbhidhna Picumata
o.1 atha homavidhi
.
m vak
.
sye
avaya
.
m vayakarma
.
na
.
h
yena samyag vidhnena
u siddhi
.
h pravartate
o.: gom
.
msa
.
m suraylo
.
dya .1; gom
.
msa<
.
m> suraylo
.
dya
vmahastena homayet vmahastena homayet

gorakta
.
m gh
.
rtasa
.
myukta
.
m
avadhtena mantravit
.18 vmahastena hotavya
.
m
yad icchet siddhim tmana
.
h
buddho pi vaam yti akro pi vaam yti
ki
.
m puna
.
h k
.
sudramnu
.
s
.
h ki
.
m puna
.
h k
.
sudramnu
.
s
.
h
o. ni
.
s
.
thvana
.
m dantak
.
s
.
tha
.
m .:c ni
.
s
.
thvana
.
m dantak
.
s
.
tha
.
m
svadehodvartana
.
m tath .:d svadehodvartana
.
m tath
nmn madyktahomena .: nmn madyktahomena
trailokya
.
m vaam nayet trailokya
.
m vaam nayet
dantadhvanam dya
gok
.
tarudhira
.
m tath
.: tenkta
.
m homayec caila
.
m
trailokya
.
m kar
.
sayet k
.
sa
.
nt
o. rajasvaly raktena rajasvaly raktena
bhuktodgr
.
na
.
m ca bhojanam bhuktodgr
.
na
.
m ca bhojanam
sa
.
myukta
.
m mnu
.
sai
.
h keai
.
h .:o sa
.
myukta
.
m mnu
.
sai
.
h keai
.
h
sadya-m kar
.
sa
.
na
.
m param sadyas tv kar
.
sa
.
na
.
m param
Cf. Nivsaguhya f. ;:r:: sadya-m-utkrntikrik;
f. ;:r: sadya-m utkramayet tanum
o. svakyd gh
.
rtam udgr
.
na
.
m svakyd gh
.
rtam udgrya
svakeair homayed budha
.
h svakeair homayen nara
.
h
nimbak
.
s
.
thgnisa
.
mdpte .:; nimbak
.
s
.
thendhanair dpte
sadya vidve
.
sa
.
na
.
m param vahnau vidve
.
sa
.
na
.
m param
o.o kkapak
.
sak
.
rte home kkapak
.
sak
.
rte home
dhuttrgni samhita
.
h mtratailktasa
.
myuta
.
m
ka
.
tutailena sa
.
myukta
.
m .:8 dhatrakendhanair dpte
sadyocc
.
tanamra
.
nam sadyocc
.
tanam uttamam
o.11c gomyum
.
msamadyena .o gomyum
.
msamadyena
homayed balikriy bhak
.
sahomabalikriy
o.1: japamantrak
.
rte rtrau japen mantrak
.
rte rve
kro
.
s
.
tuka
.
m nyate . . . kro
.
s
.
tuko nipate grata
.
h
o.1cd svecchyu
.
so mahyog .o;c svecchyu
.
so mahyog
kr
.
date nekarpadh
.
rk .o;d kr
.
date nekarpadh
.
rk
Cf. 1.;ab: svecchyu
.
so mahyog divyarpadharo bhavet
o.18cd adhikyu ku
.
sm
.
n
.
da
.
m .;o vikmuktaku
.
sm
.
n
.
da
.
m
mudga m
.
sa sagomadhu mudga m
.
so sit madhu
.
h
o.1, chardirjikg
.
rha- chardirjk
.
rto lepas
tamlapatrair mukhabandhana
.
m trailokya
.
m mukhabandhanam
o
svecchakr bhaved yog
yatra tatra vyavasthita
.
h
Here the text as known to the earliest commentators (Jayabhadra and *Bhavyakrti)
ends.

Te passage from o.:o to 1.1:b is found in Abhidhnottara . Perhaps the text


was rst extended only up to this point. Part of this passage, beginning from 1.,
has also been incorporated (with some revision, mainly the omission of the cruxes) in
the Buddhist Yoginsa
.
mcra 1;.8c1. Tere too the incorporated passage ends at this
same point (1.1:b).
o.:o athpara
.
m pravak
.
symi bhmi p
.
thdi yogin |
rherukasy ng nga
.
m sarv nga
.
m sthiracaltmakam ||
o.:1 p
.
tha
.
m muditbhmau pap
.
tha
.
m vimala
.
m tath |
k
.
setra
.
m prabhkar jey arci
.
smatyopak
.
setrakam ||
o.:: chandoham abhimukh caiva upacchandoha
.
m surdurjay |
dura ngameti mely
.
m acalasyopamelaka
.
m ||
o.: mana
.
m sdhumat caiva dharmameghopamanaka
.
m |
rherukamati cyam e
.
sa adhytmabhmaya
.
h ||
o.: daapramitbhmau mlecch bh
.
santu yogin |
svarge martye
.
su ptle vr nga
.
m sthiracaltmaka
.
m ||
o.: pullrdi yathoddi
.
s
.
ta
.
m bhydhytme sa
.
msthita
.
m |
rherukamahyoga
.
m sarvakmevara
.
m prabhum ||
o.:o sarvata<
.
h> p
.
nipdnta
.
m sarvatok
.
siiromukha
.
m |
sarvata<
.
h> ryate loke sarvam v
.
rtya ti
.
s
.
thati ||
o.:; tatas tu sdhayet siddh
.
h dhynayuktena cetas |
sdhakn
.
m hitrthya guhyatattvam udh
.
rtam ||
.b and ab > Sa
.
mpu
.
todbhava .1.1o1,b. .ab > Sa
.
mpu
.
todbhava .1.1,cd:
yathoddi
.
s
.
taprakra
.
m tu bhydhytma
.
m vicintayet. .. Cf. vetvataropani
.
sad .1o, Bha-
gavadgt 1.1, Krmapur
.
na :..:, Vyupur
.
na 1.1: sarvata
.
h p
.
nipda
.
m tat sarvatok
.
sii-
romukham | sarvata
.
h rutimal loke sarvam v
.
rtya ti
.
s
.
thati; Subh
.
sitasa
.
mgraha, p. :, ll. 18:o:
ra
.
mvare py ha: sarvata
.
hp
.
nipddya
.
m sarvatok
.
siiromukham | sarvata
.
h rutimn loke sarvam
v
.
rtya ti
.
s
.
thati.
iri siuiiuxinuiouixi vas\auoxai
.
ruioinuuxixiioisaviouiia
.
raia
.
u iaxcisa-
rixa
.
u.

Te 1st chapter:
In the rnam thar of Tilop ascribed to Mar pa Chos kyi blo gros Jna
.
dkin and
her retinue are said to have taught Tilop the fty-rst Pa
.
tala together with the oral
;
transmission (ed. Ca\ii\ 1,,, p. 1:: gsungs nas rtsa rgyud leu nga gcig pa bshad
rgyud dang bcas pa dang snyan rgyud gnang ngo). Te rnam thar of Nrop attributed
to the twelfth-century author lHaii btsun pa rin chen rnam rgyal says that Nrop
studied and mastered the Mlatantra of a
.
mvara (bDe mchog) in fty chapters. See
the translation of Guixruii (1,o, p. 1), which misunderstands this as referring to
the Abhidhnottaratantra.
1.1 athta
.
h sa
.
mpravak
.
symi mnya
.
m sudurlabham |
gopanya
.
m may tantre vrasa
.
mketabh
.
sitam ||
1.: nivasana
.
m pacamudrdi gtrasya praj nga
.
m kla pajaram |
liklti-m uccrya hetvdinyaprvaka
.
m ||
1. prav
.
rttindamdni yvat sa
.
mhrayogata
.
h |
am
.
rtpyyaniv
.
rtti
.
m tu hastapjbhisecana
.
m ||
1. mahkavacena sa
.
mrak
.
sya sarvamantre
.
nrcanam |
etac caturdaa tattva
.
m sa
.
mk
.
sepe
.
na tu bh
.
sitam ||
1. ya
.
h samcarati nara
.
h re
.
s
.
tha
.
h sarvappaviuddhtm
1
tthgat
.
m ca labhate bhmi janmani janmani ||
1.o tathgatakulotpadya rj bhavati dhrmika
.
h
:
|
yath prvdippasya hno sarvalak
.
sa
.
nai
.
h ||
1.; ya im
.
m dhyyate nitya
.
m sarvakmevara k
.
sitau |
gh
.
rtapr
.
na
.
m yath bh
.
n
.
da
.
m sthpitam agnimadhyake ||
1.8 dravanta
.
m dravate sarpi
.
h kla
.
m nayati bh
.
n
.
dayo
.
h |
tath ppa
.
m ca nayati rheruketi nmata
.
h ||
1., dhyne cintitamtram v p
.
tha
.
m svdhyyalekhant |
svargabhogam avpnoti athav cakravartina
.
m ||
1.1o cyutikle tu yogn
.
m rherukdivr yogin |
nnpu
.
spakaravyagr nndhvajapatkinam ||
1.11 nntryanirgho
.
sair nngtopahrata
.
h |
m
.
rtyur nma vikalpasya nyate khecarpade

||
1
Cf. Sarvatathgatatattvasa
.
mgraha :o1:: sarvappaviuddhtm sarvauddhy karoti sa
.
h |
sarvakry
.
ni karmo yam iti bhvena sidhyati; Nivsamukha .11cd: sarvappaviuddhtm dehatyge
diva
.
m yayau; Nivsaguhya 1o.,c1ob: pacavi
.
ma sahasr
.
ni japtv vyomaivasya tu | sarvap-
paviuddhtm k
.
rtasevo bhavi
.
syati; Kriykalagu
.
nottara f. ;r: sarvappaviuddhtm ivaloka
.
m sa
gacchati; N
.
tyastra .1,: mahevarasya carita
.
m ya ida
.
m sa
.
mprayojayet | sarvappaviuddhtm
ivaloka
.
m sa gacchati. Te expression is also common in the Epic and Pur
.
nas. See, e.g., Mah-
bhrata .8o.1ocd: sarvappaviuddhtm gacchec ca param
.
m gatim; and .8o.1:cd: sarvappa-
viuddhtm brahmaloka
.
m ca gacchati; Krmapur
.
na :.8.:,cd: sarvappaviuddhtm rudraloka
.
m
sa gacchati.
:
Cf. ivadharma :.11c11o: kr
.
date parama
.
m kla
.
m rudraloke vyavasthita
.
h | tata
.
h klt k
.
siti
.
m
prpya rj bhavati dhrmika
.
h | surpa
.
h sudvijo vpi sarvavidyrthapraga
.
h; Nivsamukha :.;: tena
pu
.
nyaphalenaiva svargaloke mahyate | svargalokt paribhra
.
s
.
to rj bhavati dhrmika
.
h.

Picumata o.c:
.
r
.
nu devi pravak
.
symi sarvayogiprasdhanam | ygamantrasamopeta
.
m
yoginjlaa
.
mvaram | yena vijtamtre
.
na trailokye khecarpadam; Jayadrathaymala,
.
Sa
.
tka , :.,ab:
8
1.1: eva
.
m deva mahvra yoginyo bhuvi durlabham |

Verses from the remainder of the text, from 1.1:c to the end, are found elsewhere
in the corpus only in the Yoginsa
.
mcra (YS) and the Sa
.
mvarodaya (SU): 1.;ab =
YS 1;.1oab, 1.1c--1ob = YS 1;.:1c-:b, 1.18--1, >SU :.:,c--ob, 1.:1d >SU
:.1d.
rherukamahtantra
.
m yo jtvpi abhaktita
.
h |
dridrya
.
m du
.
hkhasantpa
.
m tasya nitya
.
m sad bhavet ||

1.1 ka
.
n
.
thikc
.
dakeyra
.
m ku
.
n
.
dala
.
m brahmastrakam |
ka
.
n
.
thla
.
mk
.
rtairoml mekhalghurghurravai
.
h ||
1.1 girimastakakijalke vivapadmliklya
.
m ca |
gaurypati
.
m samkramya vajragha
.
n
.
t ngali ngitam ||
1.1 caturvi
.
mena srdha sa
.
myukta
.
m vrayoginiv
.
rndakai
.
h |
rherukamahrja
.
m bhvayeta parama
.
m pada
.
m ||
1.1o sarvavrasya yoginya
.
h sa par
.
sanmadhye yogavn |
sarve tu
.
s
.
t vai bht s
.
r
.
s
.
tisa
.
mhrakrak
.
h ||
1.1; nndhimuktik
.
h sattv cary nnvidhodit
.
h |
nnnayavineyn
.
m nnopyni darit
.
h ||
.18 gambhradharmanirdee ndhimuktir bhaved yadi |
pratik
.
sepo na kartavya
.
m smartavycintyadharmmat ||
1.1, ntra me vi
.
sayo hy e
.
sa nha
.
m jnmi dharmat
.
m |
jnanti te mahtmna
.
h sa
.
mbuddh<s> tatsut api ||
1.:o utpdam api buddhn
.
m anutpde pi v sthita
.
h |
dharmat sarvadcinty hniv
.
rddhivivarjit ||
1.:1 ity eva
.
m tulayitv tu na nindy<t> sarvalaukikam |
acintyo gatis te
.
sm acintyo buddhan
.
taka
.
m ||
1.:: stra
.
m kriybhicary
.
n
.
m yogaguhyan tu bhedata
.
h |
sattvvatra
.
nala
.
m tu tatra tatra rat iva ||
iri siuiiuxinuiouixaxauiraxriaii;aiax
.
sixra
.
uiirixi . . . sicaxiasa
.
xvaiaxi-
xxi xaui\ocixraxriaii;i ixaiaxcisarixa
.
u ia
.
raia
.
u saxiira
.
u.
Tis is where the text ends in the only currently accessible manuscript (Baroda, Ma-
haraja Sayajirao University, Oriental Institute, MS Acc. 1:,o; Herukavidhnatantra;
palm-leaf; Ku
.
tila script; incomplete; undated), according to all commentators other
.
sa
.
nmsd utpataty eva sdhaka
.
h khecarpadam; :.ocd: tatrr
.
dha
.
h plaved devi prahart khe-
carpadam; Vmanadatta, Dvayasa
.
mpattivrtika ::cd: mrge
.
nnena sa
.
msiddh labhante yoginpadam.
,
than Jayabhadra and Bhavyakrti, and in the Tibetan translation (bDe mchog nyung
ngu: Derge Kanjur, Rgyud bum, vol. ka, . :1r:ov; by Padmkara and Rin chen
bzang po [,81o], revised by Prajkrti [b. 1o1;] and Mar pa Chos kyi grags pa).
Biniiociaiu\
Saxoiisox, Alexis. 1,,b. Vajrayna: Origin and Function. In Buddhism Into the Year
. International Conference Proceedings (Bangkok and Los Angeles: Dhammakaya
Foundation), pp. 8,1o:.
-. :oo1. History Trough Textual Criticism in the Study of aivism, the Pacar-
tra and the Buddhist Yogintantras. In Les sources et le temps. Sources and Time. A
Colloquium, Pondicherry, January , edited by Franois Grimal, pp. 1;.
Publications du dpartement dIndologie ,1. Pondicherry: IFP / EFEO.
-. :oo,. Te aiva Age: Te Rise and Dominance of aivism during the Early
Medieval Period. In Genesis and Development of Tantrism, edited by Shingo Eixoo
(Tokyo: Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo), pp. 1,. Te de-
pendence of the Buddhist Mantranaya on aivism is treated on pp. 1:: of this
publication, and evidence of the textual dependence of the texts of the Cakrasa
.
mvara
cycle on texts of the iva Vidyp
.
tha is presented on pp. 18o::.
Szaxr o, Peter-Daniel. :oo8. Review of Gia\ :oo;. Tantric Studies 1, pp. :1:1,.
1o