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Code No: C1505
M.Tech I SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS, APRIL/MAY-2013
(MACHINE DESIGN)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:60
All questions carry equal marks
- - -

1. For the following differential equations and associated boundary conditions
construct the variational statements, i.e., weak forms and wherever possible,
a) One dimensional heat conduction/convection.

d du
a
dx dx

+f =0 for 0 <x <1.
u(0) =0, a
du
dx
+h(u u

) =q at x =1
Where a and f are functions of x, and h, u

## and q are constants.

b) Beam on elastic foundation

2 2
2 2
d d w
b
dx dx

+kw +f =0 for 0 <x <L
w =b
2
2
d w
dx
=0 at x =0, L
where b and f are functions of x, and k is a constant.

2.a) Explain weighted residual method discussing the one dimensional equation of
heat conduction.
b) Calculate the nodal displacement, stresses and support reactions for the truss
shown in Figure.1. Represent the stiffness matrix for the plane truss element.

E =150 Gpa
800 mm 12

600 mm
30 2000N
Figure. 1
R09
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3.a) Derive the interpolation functions at all nodes for the quadratic serendipity
element, shown in Figure 2.

Figure: 2

b) Using a 2 2 rule, evaluate the integral

+ ) xy x (
2 2
dx dy by Gaussian
quadrature where denotes the region shown in Figure 3.

Figure: 3

4.a) Obtain the formulation for to determine stresses of six nodded triangular element
for solving Axis symmetric formulation.
b) Obtain the formulation for to determine stresses of four nodded tetragonal
element for solving three dimensional problems.

5.a) With an example differentiate Between Lumped mass and Consistent and Hybrid
mass matrix and derive for truss element.
b) Consider axial vibration of the steel bar shown in Figure 4, (i) develop the global
stiffness and mass matrices and (ii) determine the natural frequencies and mode
shapes using the characteristic polynomial technique.

Figure: 4

(6, 6)
(1, 4)
(1, 1) (5, 1)
u
u u
u
u
u
u
u
y
x
=+1
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
8
=1
=+1
=1

A
1
=900 mm
2

A
2
=600 mm
2

300mm 200mm
x
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6.a) Explain the procedure with relevant equations for deriving the stiffness matrix for
a plane bending elements using Mindlin Theory.
b) Determine the element equations for the plane stress element shown in Figure 5.
The element has a 20 N/cm
2
load acting perpendicular to side jk and is subjected
to a 15C temperature rise.
Thickness of the element =2 cm; E =6 10
6
N/cm
2

=7 10
6
cm/cm C; =0.25

Figure: 5

7.a) How a shell element can be formed? Explain.
b) Compute the element matrices for the above shell element thus chosen, with a
suitable example.

8. Write short notes on the following:
a) Eigen value economizer methods.
b) Galerkins method of solution.
c) Non-conforming elements.
d) C
1
-continuity problems.

* * * * * * * * * * * * *

k
i j
20 N/cm
2
3 cm
2 cm
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