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# PART B

## AE2352EXPERIMENTAL STRESS ANALYSIS

Unit -1
1. Explain the basic generalized measuring system with neat sketch.
2. Describe the direct reading and null balance methods in strain measurement.
3. Explain the measurement of pressure with diagram
4. a!"cti#e and passi#e instruments
b! \$ull type and deflection type instruments
c!"nalogue and digital instruments
d! %olerance and dead space
&. Explain the #arious elements of a measurement system with a block diagram.
'. (riefly explain static characteristic of measurement.
). Explain briefly Errors in measurement.
*. (riefly Explain +n,(onded and (onded Electrical strain gauges.
-. Explain briefly .ptical Extensometers.
1/. Explain briefly 0uggenberger and 1ohnson Extensometers.
11. Explain briefly choice of selection of right extensometer for material testing
12. (riefly explain the working principle of 23D%.
13. Explain with neat sketches the working of a 4echanical extensometer.
14. Explain with neat sketches the working of a Electrical extensometer.
1&. Explain with neat sketches the working of an acoustical extensometer.
1'. 5hat are the different types of strain gauges6 5hat are the ad#antages o#er other types of gauges6
5hy foil type gauges are prepared o#er wire type of gauges6
1). 5hat are the basic characteristics of a strain gauge6 5hich factors should be considered while
selecting a strain gauge6
Unit -1I
1. Deri#e the expression for balanced and un,balanced 5heatstone bridge circuit
2. Deri#e the expression for principal strains and its direction in terms of strain measured in a three
element rectangular rosette gauge " along x, axis7 gauge ( along 4&
/
to the x, axis and gauge 8
along y, axis!.
3. Deri#e an expression for output #oltage of 5heatstone bridge circuit for strain measurements.
4. Deri#e an expression for output #oltage of 9otentiometer circuit for strain gauges.
&. Determine principal stresses and principal strains with help of a delta rosette mounted on an
aluminum specimen with #alues of :
"
; 4//<7

:
(
; 4//<7 :
8
; 4//<7 E
al
; )/=9a7 > ; /.3
'. %hree strain gauges are applied to an area at a point in such a manner that gauge ?b@ makes a
positi#e angle of 3/
/
with gauge ?a@ and gauge ?c@ makes a positi#e angle of 4&
/
with gauge ?b@ .
%he strain readings obtained from the gauges are as follows.
=auge Atrain <mBm
a ,'//
b 3//
c 4//
8alculate the principal strains7 principal stresses and principal directions.
). Deri#e the expression for principal strains and its direction in terms of strain measured in a Cour
element rectangular rosette
*. Deri#e the expression for principal strains and its direction in terms of strain measured in a Delta
rosette
-. Explain briefly the \$+22 balance bridges.
Unit-III
1. Explain the effects of stressed model in a plane polariscope in dark,field set up.
2. 5hat is meant by compensation in photo elasticity and explain any two fringe compensation
method in detail with its ad#antages o#er other methods.
3. Explain the importance of isoclinic@s and isochromatic with neat sketch.
4. Explain the separation techniDue based on the eDuilibrium eDuation.
&. Explain two separation techniDue used in photoelasticity.
'. Explain fringe sharpening and fringe multiplication techniDues used in photo elasticity.
). Deri#e the expression for the intensity of emerging light from a plane polariscope with a stressed
model and show how it enables us to determine the isoclinics and the isochromatics.
*. Ahow the intensity of light emerging from circular polariscope is a function of principal stress
difference.
-. Deri#e the relation between the stresses7 relati#e retardation7 material fringe #alue and thickness of
photoelastic model.
Unit IV
1. Explain the moirE method in brief and discuss the fundamental properties of the moirE fringes. .
2. Explain briefly the 4oirE method of strain analysis.
3. Explain (rittle coating techniDue with neat sketch.
4. Explain working principle of 0olography
&. Enumerate the brittle coating crack pattern with explanation.
Unit V
1. Explain and application of the followingsF