Sie sind auf Seite 1von 14

Dimdotworks Incorporated Articles

PRIVATE COMPANY LIMITED BY GUARANTEE



INDEX TO THE ARTICLES

PART 1
INTERPRETATION AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY

1. Defined terms
2. Liability of members

PART 2
DIRECTORS
DIRECTORS POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

3. Directors general authority
4. Members reserve power
5. Directors may delegate
6. Committees

DECISION-MAKING BY DIRECTORS
7. Directors to take decisions collectively
8. Unanimous decisions
9. Calling a directors meeting
10. Participation in directors meetings
11. Quorum for directors meetings
12. Chairing of directors meetings
13. Casting vote
14. Conflicts of interest
15. Records of decisions to be kept
16. Directors discretion to make further rules

APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORS
17. Methods of appointing directors
18. Termination of directors appointment
19. Directors remuneration
20. Directors expenses

PART 3
MEMBERS
BECOMING AND CEASING TO BE A MEMBER

21. Applications for membership
22. Termination of membership

ORGANISATION OF GENERAL MEETINGS
23. Attendance and speaking at general meetings
24. Quorum for general meetings
25. Chairing general meetings
26. Attendance and speaking by directors and non-members
27. Adjournment

VOTING AT GENERAL MEETINGS
28. Voting: general
29. Errors and disputes
30. Poll votes
31. Content of proxy notices
32. Delivery of proxy notices
33. Amendments to resolutions

PART 4
ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTS
34. Means of communication to be used
35. Company seals
36. No right to inspect accounts and other records
37. Provision for employees on cessation of business

DIRECTORS INDEMNITY AND INSURANCE
38. Indemnity
39. Insurance


PART 1
INTERPRETATION AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY

Defined terms
1. In the articles, unless the context requires otherwise
articles means the companys articles of association;
bankruptcy includes individual insolvency proceedings in a jurisdiction other
than England and Wales or Northern Ireland which have an effect similar to that
of bankruptcy;
chairman has the meaning given in article 12;
chairman of the meeting has the meaning given in article 25;
Companies Acts means the Companies Acts (as defined in section 2 of the
Companies Act 2006), in so far as they apply to the company;
director means a director of the company, and includes any person occupying
the position of director, by whatever name called;
document includes, unless otherwise specified, any document sent or supplied
in electronic form;
electronic form has the meaning given in section 1168 of the Companies Act
2006;
member has the meaning given in section 112 of the Companies Act 2006;
ordinary resolution has the meaning given in section 282 of the Companies Act
2006;
participate, in relation to a directors meeting, has the meaning given in article
10;
proxy notice has the meaning given in article 31;
special resolution has the meaning given in section 283 of the Companies Act
2006;
subsidiary has the meaning given in section 1159 of the Companies Act 2006;
and
writing means the representation or reproduction of words, symbols or other
information in a visible form by any method or combination of methods, whether
sent or supplied in electronic form or otherwise.
Unless the context otherwise requires, other words or expressions contained in these
articles bear the same meaning as in the Companies Act 2006 as in force on the date
when these articles become binding on the company.

Liability of members

2. The liability of each member is limited to $1.00, being the amount that each
member undertakes to contribute to the assets of the company in the event of its being
wound up while he is a member or within one year after he ceases to be a member,
for
(a) payment of the companys debts and liabilities contracted before he ceases to
be a
member,
(b) payment of the costs, charges and expenses of winding up, and
(c) adjustment of the rights of the contributories among themselves.


PART 2
DIRECTORS
DIRECTORS POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Directors general authority

3.Subject to the articles, the directors are responsible for the management of the
companys business, for which purpose they may exercise all the powers of the
company.

Members reserve power

4.(1) The members may, by special resolution, direct the directors to take, or refrain
from taking, specified action.
(2) No such special resolution invalidates anything which the directors have done
before the passing of the resolution.

Directors may delegate

5.(1) Subject to the articles, the directors may delegate any of the powers which are
conferred on them under the articles
(a) to such person or committee;
(b) by such means (including by power of attorney);
(c) to such an extent;
(d) in relation to such matters or territories; and
(e) on such terms and conditions;
as they think fit.
(2) If the directors so specify, any such delegation may authorise further delegation of
the
directors powers by any person to whom they are delegated.
(3) The directors may revoke any delegation in whole or part, or alter its terms and
conditions.

Committees
6.(1) Committee to which the directors delegate any of their powers must follow
procedures which are based as far as they are applicable on those provisions of the
articles which govern the taking of decisions by directors.
(2) The directors may make rules of procedure for all or any committees, which
prevail over rules derived from the articles if they are not consistent with them.


DECISION-MAKING BY DIRECTORS

Directors to take decisions collectively

7.(1) The general rule about decision-making by directors is that any decision of the
directors must be either a majority decision at a meeting or a decision taken in
accordance with article 8.
(2) If
(a) the company only has one director, and
(b) no provision of the articles requires it to have more than one director,
the general rule does not apply, and the director may take decisions without regard to
any of the provisions of the articles relating to directors decision-making.

Unanimous decisions

8.(1) A decision of the directors is taken in accordance with this article when all
eligible directors indicate to each other by any means that they share a common view
on a matter.
(2) Such a decision may take the form of a resolution in writing, copies of which have
been signed by each eligible director or to which each eligible director has otherwise
indicated agreement in writing.
(3) References in this article to eligible directors are to directors who would have been
entitled to vote on the matter had it been proposed as a resolution at a directors
meeting.
(4) A decision may not be taken in accordance with this article if the eligible directors
would not have formed a quorum at such a meeting.

Calling a directors meeting

9.(1) Any director may call a directors meeting by giving notice of the meeting to
the
directors or by authorising the company secretary (if any) to give such notice.
(2) Notice of any directors meeting must indicate
(a) its proposed date and time;
(b) where it is to take place; and
(c) if it is anticipated that directors participating in the meeting will not be in the
same place, how it is proposed that they should communicate with each other
during the meeting.
(3) Notice of a directors meeting must be given to each director, but need not be in
writing.
(4) Notice of a directors meeting need not be given to directors who waive their
entitlement to notice of that meeting, by giving notice to that effect to the company
not more than 7 days after the date on which the meeting is held. Where such notice is
given after the meeting has been held, that does not affect the validity of the meeting,
or of any business conducted at it.

Participation in directors meetings

10.(1) Subject to the articles, directors participate in a directors meeting, or part of
a
directors meeting, when
(a) the meeting has been called and takes place in accordance with the articles,
and
(b) they can each communicate to the others any information or opinions they
have on any particular item of the business of the meeting.
(2) In determining whether directors are participating in a directors meeting, it is
irrelevant where any director is or how they communicate with each other.
(3) If all the directors participating in a meeting are not in the same place, they may
decide that the meeting is to be treated as taking place wherever any of them is.

Quorum for directors meetings

11.(1) At a directors meeting, unless a quorum is participating, no proposal is to be
voted on, except a proposal to call another meeting.
(2) The quorum for directors meetings may be fixed from time to time by a decision
of the directors, but it must never be less than two, and unless otherwise fixed it is
two.
(3) If the total number of directors for the time being is less than the quorum required,
the
directors must not take any decision other than a decision
(a) to appoint further directors, or
(b) to call a general meeting so as to enable the members to appoint further
directors.

Chairing of directors meetings

12.(1) The directors may appoint a director to chair their meetings.
(2) The person so appointed for the time being is known as the chairman.
(3) The directors may terminate the chairmans appointment at any time.
(4) If the chairman is not participating in a directors meeting within ten minutes of
the time at which it was to start, the participating directors must appoint one of
themselves to chair it.

Casting vote

13.(1) If the numbers of votes for and against a proposal are equal, the chairman or
other director chairing the meeting has a casting vote.
(2) But this does not apply if, in accordance with the articles, the chairman or other
director is not to be counted as participating in the decision-making process for
quorum or voting purposes.

Conflicts of interest

14.(1) If a proposed decision of the directors is concerned with an actual or
proposed
transaction or arrangement with the company in which a director is interested, that
director is not to be counted as participating in the decision-making process for
quorum or voting purposes.
(2) But if paragraph (3) applies, a director who is interested in an actual or proposed
transaction or arrangement with the company is to be counted as participating in the
decision-making process for quorum and voting purposes.
(3) This paragraph applies when
(a) the company by ordinary resolution disapplies the provision of the articles
which would otherwise prevent a director from being counted as participating in
the decision-making process;
(b) the directors interest cannot reasonably be regarded as likely to give rise to a
conflict of interest; or
(c) the directors conflict of interest arises from a permitted cause.
(4) For the purposes of this article, the following are permitted causes
(a) a guarantee given, or to be given, by or to a director in respect of an obligation
incurred by or on behalf of the company or any of its subsidiaries;
(b) subscription, or an agreement to subscribe, for securities of the company or
any of its subsidiaries, or to underwrite, sub-underwrite, or guarantee subscription
for any such securities; and
(c) arrangements pursuant to which benefits are made available to employees and
directors or former employees and directors of the company or any of its
subsidiaries which do not provide special benefits for directors or former
directors.
(5) For the purposes of this article, references to proposed decisions and decision-
making
processes include any directors meeting or part of a directors meeting.
(6) Subject to paragraph (7), if a question arises at a meeting of directors or of a
committee of directors as to the right of a director to participate in the meeting (or part
of the meeting) for voting or quorum purposes, the question may, before the
conclusion of the meeting, be referred to the chairman whose ruling in relation to any
director other than the chairman is to be final and conclusive.
(7) If any question as to the right to participate in the meeting (or part of the meeting)
should arise in respect of the chairman, the question is to be decided by a decision of
the directors at that meeting, for which purpose the chairman is not to be counted as
participating in the meeting (or that part of the meeting) for voting or quorum
purposes.

Records of decisions to be kept

15. The directors must ensure that the company keeps a record, in writing, for at least
10 years from the date of the decision recorded, of every unanimous or majority
decision taken by the directors.

Directors discretion to make further rules

16. Subject to the articles, the directors may make any rule which they think fit about
how they take decisions, and about how such rules are to be recorded or
communicated to directors.

APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORS

Methods of appointing directors

17.(1) Any person who is willing to act as a director, and is permitted by law to do
so, may be appointed to be a director
(a) by ordinary resolution, or
(b) by a decision of the directors.
(2) In any case where, as a result of death, the company has no members and no
directors, the personal representatives of the last member to have died have the right,
by notice in writing, to appoint a person to be a director.
(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2), where 2 or more members die in circumstances
rendering it uncertain who was the last to die, a younger member is deemed to have
survived an older member.
Termination of directors appointment

18. A person ceases to be a director as soon as
(a) that person ceases to be a director by virtue of any provision of the Companies
Act 2006 or is prohibited from being a director by law;
(b) a bankruptcy order is made against that person;
(c) a composition is made with that persons creditors generally in satisfaction of
that
persons debts;
(d) a registered medical practitioner who is treating that person gives a written
opinion to the company stating that that person has become physically or
mentally incapable of acting as a director and may remain so for more than three
months;
(e) by reason of that persons mental health, a court makes an order which wholly
or partly prevents that person from personally exercising any powers or rights
which that person would otherwise have;
(f) notification is received by the company from the director that the director is
resigning from office, and such resignation has taken effect in accordance with its
terms.

Directors remuneration

19.(1) Directors may undertake any services for the company that the directors
decide.
(2) Directors are entitled to such remuneration as the directors determine
(a) for their services to the company as directors, and
(b) for any other service which they undertake for the company.
(3) Subject to the articles, a directors remuneration may
(a) take any form, and
(b) include any arrangements in connection with the payment of a pension,
allowance or gratuity, or any death, sickness or disability benefits, to or in respect
of that director.
(4) Unless the directors decide otherwise, directors remuneration accrues from day to
day.
(5) Unless the directors decide otherwise, directors are not accountable to the
company for any remuneration which they receive as directors or other officers or
employees of the companys subsidiaries or of any other body corporate in which the
company is interested.

Directors expenses

20. The company may pay any reasonable expenses which the directors properly incur
in
connection with their attendance at
(a) meetings of directors or committees of directors,
(b) general meetings, or
(c) separate meetings of the holders of debentures of the company,
or otherwise in connection with the exercise of their powers and the discharge of
their responsibilities in relation to the company.


PART 3
MEMBERS
BECOMING AND CEASING TO BE A MEMBER

Applications for membership

21. No person shall become a member of the company unless
(a) that person has completed an application for membership in a form approved
by the directors, and
(b) the directors have approved the application.

Termination of membership

22.(1) A member may withdraw from membership of the company by giving 7
days notice to the company in writing.
(2) Membership is not transferable.
(3) A persons membership terminates when that person dies or ceases to exist.


ORGANISATION OF GENERAL MEETINGS

Attendance and speaking at general meetings

23.(1) A person is able to exercise the right to speak at a general meeting when that
person is in a position to communicate to all those attending the meeting, during the
meeting, any information or opinions which that person has on the business of the
meeting.
(2) A person is able to exercise the right to vote at a general meeting when
(a) that person is able to vote, during the meeting, on resolutions put to the vote at
the meeting, and
(b) that persons vote can be taken into account in determining whether or not
such
resolutions are passed at the same time as the votes of all the other persons
attending the meeting.
(3) The directors may make whatever arrangements they consider appropriate to
enable those attending a general meeting to exercise their rights to speak or vote at it.
(4) In determining attendance at a general meeting, it is immaterial whether any two
or more members attending it are in the same place as each other.
(5) Two or more persons who are not in the same place as each other attend a general
meeting if their circumstances are such that if they have (or were to have) rights to
speak and vote at that meeting, they are (or would be) able to exercise them.

Quorum for general meetings
24. No business other than the appointment of the chairman of the meeting is to be
transacted at a general meeting if the persons attending it do not constitute a quorum.

Chairing general meetings

25.(1) If the directors have appointed a chairman, the chairman shall chair general
meetings if present and willing to do so.
(2) If the directors have not appointed a chairman, or if the chairman is unwilling to
chair the meeting or is not present within ten minutes of the time at which a meeting
was due to start
(a) the directors present, or
(b) (if no directors are present), the meeting,
must appoint a director or member to chair the meeting, and the appointment of the
chairman of the meeting must be the first business of the meeting.
(3) The person chairing a meeting in accordance with this article is referred to as the
chairman of the meeting.

Attendance and speaking by directors and non-members

26.(1) Directors may attend and speak at general meetings, whether or not they are
members.
(2) The chairman of the meeting may permit other persons who are not members of
the
company to attend and speak at a general meeting.

Adjournment

27.(1) If the persons attending a general meeting within half an hour of the time at
which the meeting was due to start do not constitute a quorum, or if during a meeting
a quorum ceases to be present, the chairman of the meeting must adjourn it.
(2) The chairman of the meeting may adjourn a general meeting at which a quorum is
present if
(a) the meeting consents to an adjournment, or
(b) it appears to the chairman of the meeting that an adjournment is necessary to
protect the safety of any person attending the meeting or ensure that the business
of the meeting is conducted in an orderly manner.
(3) The chairman of the meeting must adjourn a general meeting if directed to do so
by the meeting.
(4) When adjourning a general meeting, the chairman of the meeting must
(a) either specify the time and place to which it is adjourned or state that it is to
continue at a time and place to be fixed by the directors, and
(b) have regard to any directions as to the time and place of any adjournment
which have been given by the meeting.
(5) If the continuation of an adjourned meeting is to take place more than 14 days
after it was adjourned, the company must give at least 7 clear days notice of it (that
is, excluding the day of the adjourned meeting and the day on which the notice is
given)
(a) to the same persons to whom notice of the companys general meetings is
required to be given, and
(b) containing the same information which such notice is required to contain.
(6) No business may be transacted at an adjourned general meeting which could not
properly have been transacted at the meeting if the adjournment had not taken place.


VOTING AT GENERAL MEETINGS

Voting: general

28. A resolution put to the vote of a general meeting must be decided on a show of
hands unless a poll is duly demanded in accordance with the articles.

Errors and disputes

29.(1) No objection may be raised to the qualification of any person voting at a
general
meeting except at the meeting or adjourned meeting at which the vote objected to is
tendered, and every vote not disallowed at the meeting is valid.
(2) Any such objection must be referred to the chairman of the meeting whose
decision is final.

Poll votes

30.(1) A poll on a resolution may be demanded
(a) in advance of the general meeting where it is to be put to the vote, or
(b) at a general meeting, either before a show of hands on that resolution or
immediately after the result of a show of hands on that resolution is declared.
(2) A poll may be demanded by
(a) the chairman of the meeting;
(b) the directors;
(c) two or more persons having the right to vote on the resolution; or
(d) a person or persons representing not less than one tenth of the total voting
rights of all the members having the right to vote on the resolution.
(3) A demand for a poll may be withdrawn if
(a) the poll has not yet been taken, and
(b) the chairman of the meeting consents to the withdrawal.
(4) Polls must be taken immediately and in such manner as the chairman of the
meeting directs.

Content of proxy notices

31.(1) Proxies may only validly be appointed by a notice in writing (a proxy
notice)
which
(a) states the name and address of the member appointing the proxy;
(b) identifies the person appointed to be that members proxy and the general
meeting in
relation to which that person is appointed;
(c) is signed by or on behalf of the member appointing the proxy, or is
authenticated in such manner as the directors may determine; and
(d) is delivered to the company in accordance with the articles and any
instructions contained in the notice of the general meeting to which they relate.
(2) The company may require proxy notices to be delivered in a particular form, and
may
specify different forms for different purposes.
(3) Proxy notices may specify how the proxy appointed under them is to vote (or that
the proxy is to abstain from voting) on one or more resolutions.
(4) Unless a proxy notice indicates otherwise, it must be treated as
(a) allowing the person appointed under it as a proxy discretion as to how to vote
on any ancillary or procedural resolutions put to the meeting, and
(b) appointing that person as a proxy in relation to any adjournment of the general
meeting to which it relates as well as the meeting itself.

Delivery of proxy notices

32.(1) A person who is entitled to attend, speak or vote (either on a show of hands
or on a poll) at a general meeting remains so entitled in respect of that meeting or any
adjournment of it, even though a valid proxy notice has been delivered to the
company by or on behalf of that person.
(2) An appointment under a proxy notice may be revoked by delivering to the
company a notice in writing given by or on behalf of the person by whom or on
whose behalf the proxy notice was given.
(3) A notice revoking a proxy appointment only takes effect if it is delivered before
the start of the meeting or adjourned meeting to which it relates.
(4) If a proxy notice is not executed by the person appointing the proxy, it must be
accompanied by written evidence of the authority of the person who executed it to
execute it on the appointors behalf.

Amendments to resolutions

33.(1) An ordinary resolution to be proposed at a general meeting may be amended
by
ordinary resolution if
(a) notice of the proposed amendment is given to the company in writing by a
person entitled to vote at the general meeting at which it is to be proposed not less
than 48 hours before the meeting is to take place (or such later time as the
chairman of the meeting may determine), and
(b) the proposed amendment does not, in the reasonable opinion of the chairman
of the meeting, materially alter the scope of the resolution.
(2) A special resolution to be proposed at a general meeting may be amended by
ordinary
resolution, if
(a) the chairman of the meeting proposes the amendment at the general meeting
at which the resolution is to be proposed, and
(b) the amendment does not go beyond what is necessary to correct a
grammatical or other non-substantive error in the resolution.
(3) If the chairman of the meeting, acting in good faith, wrongly decides that an
amendment to a resolution is out of order, the chairmans error does not invalidate the
vote on that resolution.

PART 4
ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTS

Means of communication to be used

34.(1) Subject to the articles, anything sent or supplied by or to the company under
the articles may be sent or supplied in any way in which the Companies Act 2006
provides for documents or information which are authorised or required by any
provision of that Act to be sent or supplied by or to the company.
(2) Subject to the articles, any notice or document to be sent or supplied to a director
in
connection with the taking of decisions by directors may also be sent or supplied by
the means by which that director has asked to be sent or supplied with such notices or
documents for the time being.
(3) A director may agree with the company that notices or documents sent to that
director in a particular way are to be deemed to have been received within a specified
time of their being sent, and for the specified time to be less than 48 hours.

Company seals

35.(1) Any common seal may only be used by the authority of the directors.
(2) The directors may decide by what means and in what form any common seal is to
be used.
(3) Unless otherwise decided by the directors, if the company has a common seal and
it is
affixed to a document, the document must also be signed by at least one authorised
person in the presence of a witness who attests the signature.
(4) For the purposes of this article, an authorised person is
(a) any director of the company;
(b) the company secretary (if any); or
(c) any person authorised by the directors for the purpose of signing documents to
which the common seal is applied.

No right to inspect accounts and other records

36. Except as provided by law or authorised by the directors or an ordinary resolution
of the company, no person is entitled to inspect any of the companys accounting or
other records or documents merely by virtue of being a member.

Provision for employees on cessation of business
37. The directors may decide to make provision for the benefit of persons employed
or formerly employed by the company or any of its subsidiaries (other than a director
or former director or shadow director) in connection with the cessation or transfer to
any person of the whole or part of the undertaking of the company or that subsidiary.


DIRECTORS INDEMNITY AND INSURANCE

Indemnity

38.(1) Subject to paragraph (2), a relevant director of the company or an associated
company may be indemnified out of the companys assets against
(a) any liability incurred by that director in connection with any negligence,
default, breach of duty or breach of trust in relation to the company or an
associated company,
(b) any liability incurred by that director in connection with the activities of the
company or an associated company in its capacity as a trustee of an occupational
pension scheme (as defined in section 235(6) of the Companies Act 2006),
(c) any other liability incurred by that director as an officer of the company or an
associated company.
(2) This article does not authorise any indemnity which would be prohibited or
rendered void by
any provision of the Companies Acts or by any other provision of law.
(3) In this article
(a) companies are associated if one is a subsidiary of the other or both are
subsidiaries of the same body corporate, and
(b) a relevant director means any director or former director of the company or
an
associated company.

Insurance

39.(1) The directors may decide to purchase and maintain insurance, at the expense
of the company, for the benefit of any relevant director in respect of any relevant loss.
(2) In this article
(a) a relevant director means any director or former director of the company or
an
associated company,
(b) a relevant loss means any loss or liability which has been or may be
incurred by a relevant director in connection with that directors duties or powers
in relation to the company, any associated company or any pension fund or
employees share scheme of the company or associated company, and
(c) companies are associated if one is a subsidiary of the other or both are
subsidiaries of the same body corporate.