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CRITIQUING
THE K-12 BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM
BASED ON TYLERS QUESTIONS










A Final Output
& Fulfilment of the Requirement for the Course
GREM 206 CURRICULUM ORGANIZATION & DEVELOPMENT




Submitted to:
Albert E. Lupisan, EdD
Professor



Submitted by:
Lolita R. Visitacion
MAEd-Educ Mgmt.
September 28, 2013






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INTRODUCTION:
Philippine education is moving forward with the Enhanced Basic
Education Act of 2013, according to the Department of Education (DepED). The
buzzword this year is the K to 12 Program which covers Kindergarten and 12
years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior
High School, and two years of Senior High School). In fact, the program has
been rolling since SY 2011-12 when the Universal Kindergarten began. The
enhanced curriculum for Grade 1 and Grade 7 (1
st
Year Junior High School) is
rolled out this school year and will be progressively introduced in the other grade
levels in succeeding school years. Grade 11 will be introduced in SY 2016-2017
and Grade 12 in SY 2017-2018. The first batch of high school students to go
through K to 12 will graduate in March 2018.
The current administration sees K to 12 as one of its legacies since
reforming the education system took 88 years before coming into fruition. It was
proposed in 1925 when Manuel L. Quezon was Senate President and Leonard
Wood was the Civil Governor.
On hindsight, there is a reason to celebrate since the Philippines is the
last country in Asia, and one of only three countries worldwide (together with
Angola and Djibouti), with a 10-year pre-university cycle.
One of the major reforms in basic education is the addition of Senior High
School or Grades 11 and 12. It is the two years of specialized upper secondary
education students may choose as specialization based on attitude, interests,
and school capacity.
Sen. Edgardo J. Angara in his article on Sunday Bulletin Global
Competitiveness: Sustaining the rise said, government has already undertaken
key reforms to rectify our educational systems persistent inability to produce
fresh Science and Technology talent. Changes under K-12 Enhanced Basic
Education Program include a new curriculum aimed at generating a deeper

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appreciation, not rote memorization, of key scientific concepts. Biology,
Chemistry, Physics, and other natural sciences will now be taught every year of
high school instead of separately. Our experts hope that with such a spiral
approach, students will be better able to grasp not just pieces of information but
underlying scientific principles. Like most other , countries

A good education is no longer just a pathway to opportunity, it is a pre-
requisite. President Barack Obama.

...This modest and almost rudimentary education would be enough to
awaken in the pupils ideas of education and progress... La Instruccion by Jose
Rizal.













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What is the Purpose of the K-12 program? (objective)
Streamline the curriculum to improve mastery of basic
competencies.
To enhance the curriculum of the Enhanced K to 12 Basic Education To
Program as the central focus. The curriculum enhancement will be
designed in line with the desired competencies and skills of a K-12 graduate. The
Department of Education will constitute a body to review the basic education
curriculum and detail the implementation plan.
Ensure seamlessness of primary, secondary, and post-secondary
education.
To develop tracks based on different competencies and and/or student
interest as an integral component of the program. Basic education program
should develop tracks based on competencies to meet the countries varied
human capital requirements, and to prepare students for productive endeavour.
The SHS Curriculum will offer areas of specialization or electives.
Improve teaching and learning outcomes through the use of
enhanced pedagogies.
Enhance the basic education curriculum being undertaken hand in hand
with vigorous efforts to ensure adequacy of inputs as part of the bigger basic
education reform, expanding the education program (additional years of
schooling will be pursued mindful of the need to address the input shortages

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teachers, classrooms, desks, water and sanitation, and quality textbook. DepEd
already included a provision for substantial physical requirements for 2011 and is
looking to introduce in subsequent years a budget that will constitute a significant
increase not just in nominal terms but in real terms.
To alter change in two-fold: Curriculum Enhancement and Transition
Management.
The intention of K-12 is not merely to add two years of schooling but more
importantly, to enhance the basic education curriculum. Expand job opportunities
for both graduates and school leavers alike by reducing the mismatch between
acquired skills and available jobs, and provide stronger foundation for higher
learning.
According to the age map, Senior High is composed of 16-17 years old
students. The seven Learning Areas under the Core Curriculum are Languages,
Literature, Communication, Mathematics, Philosophy, Natural Sciences, and
Social Sciences.
Senior High students will choose among three tracks: Academic:
Technical-Vocational-Livelihood; and Sports and Arts. The Academic track
includes three strands: Business, Accountancy, Management; Humanities,
Education, Social Sciences (HESS); and Science, Technology, Engineering,
Mathematics.

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In October 2011, a group called the Technical Panel on General
Education (TPGE) submitted a report on the College Readiness Standards
(CRS). The standards cover the following subject areas: Science (Chemistry,
Physics, Biology, and Earth Science); Mathematics (including Statistics); English;
Filipino; Literature; Humanities; and, Social Studies. The Subject areas were
divided into two aspects: Content and Performance.
Among the five members of the TPGE, Dr. Isagani R. Cruz took charge of
the standards for English, Filipino, and Literature. Dr. Cruz, a former
undersecretary of Education, stressed on significant points in the CRS document.
In the Content part of the subject area of Filipino, he said that, after 12 years of
pre-university education, a student wishing to enter college should know among
others: the number of languages in the Philippines; the 10 major languages of
the Philippines; and the different levels of discourse in Filipino. After graduating
from Senior High, a student is required to know the general concepts in the
linguistic and metalinguistic study of Filipino, such as language, dialect, idiolect,
variety, variation, register, domain, and repertoire.


1. How can these experiences be effectively organized? (Methods)
2. How can we determine when the purposes are met? (Evaluation)
A. Creation of Task Force. To jumpstart the program, a task force

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Will be refine and detail the k-12 implementation model. The Task Force will be
chaired by DepEd.
B. Stakeholder Consultations. Regional consultations leading to
A national summit on enhanced Basic Education will be conducted to solicit
inputs and feedback on the proposed model. Consultations will cover all
stakeholders (PTAs, Public and Private Elementary, and High School,
Legislators, Government Agencies, Business Sector, Education Experts, Teacher
Associations, Students and Education Associations) and all regions.
C. Financial Study. In parallel, a study will be undertaken to
The financial implications (government, implied costs to households and private
education) and the options for the financing of the K-12 Basic Education model
that will be adopted.
D. Curriculum Review and Enhancement. This will start with the
Development, validation, and nationwide implementation of the Enhance Basic
Curriculum for grade I and high school I. Senior High School curriculum shall be
developed and validated, along with the development of appropriate learning
resources.
E. Teacher Training. The training of Grade I and High School I
Teachers using the Enhanced Basic Education Curriculum have already started
last SY 2011.

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F. Legislation. DepEd will work for the passage of all necessary
And related legislations on the K-12 Basic Education Program.
G. K-12 Information, Education and Communication. All
Stakeholders shall be consulted. A massive public information campaign based
on the 12 year design model and implementation scheme will be implemented.
From the aforementioned view of the proposed k-12 education system.



More specifically, this study will seek to answer the following problems:
1. What is the profile of the respondents according to:
1.1 gender
1.2 age
1.3 status
1.4 educational attainment
1.5 present position
1.6 years in the present position
2. What is the level of beliefs of the respondents on employees
commitment?
3. Are there significant differences in the level of beliefs on employees
commitment when the respondents are grouped according to gender,
status, age, educational attainment, present position and years in the
service within the supervision of the present principal?

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Significance of the Study
The results of the study would prove beneficial to the following:













Definition of terms
For the purpose of clarity, the following terms are herby defined to have a
better understanding of the study.
Below is a description of the leadership and commitment terms that were used in
this research:



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Chapter 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
This chapter contains the information about reading that was
gathered by the researcher from books, journals, unpublished materials
and other sources. The information presented provided the researcher
with deeper insight about the topic under study.
Conceptual Literature

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Chapter 3
METHODOLOGY
This chapter presents the method to be used in undertaking this study. It
also includes the main data-gathering instrument, the respondents and the
statistical tools that will be used in interpreting data gathering.

Research Method

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This study will use the descriptive method of research where
survey questionnaires will be used in the study. The data will be interpreted with
the use of mean, percentage and ranking.
Population and Sampling
There are 97 Teachers in Pintong Gubat Elementary School
during 2013-2014. Complete enumeration or 100% will be the respondents of
the study.
Research Instruments
A survey questionnaire was used in this study. It was adopted from the
questionnaire of Bass & Avolio (1995). It covers the Employee Opinion Survey
using a 5-pointLikert scale; each belief will be assessed and scored from 1,2,3,4
and 5 depending of the belief of the respondents on employees commitment.
The scores will be gauged on the following arbitrary scale.



Data Gathering Procedure


Strongly
Disagree


Disagree


Neither Agree
Nor Disagree


Agree


Strongly
Agree

1 2 3 4 5
1.00-1.49 1.50-2.49 2.50-3.49 3.50-4.49 4.50-5.00

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The following steps will be taken up:
1. The researchers requested permission from the Schools Division
Superintendent to conduct the study in the said school.
2. After obtaining permission from the Schools Division Superintendent, this
will be forwarded to the District Supervisor who will endorsed the request
to the school principal concerned.
3. After the endorsement, the researchers will administer the survey test to
the 97 teachers find out their beliefs on employees commitment.
4. After determining their beliefs on employees commitment , the
researchers then will proceed for the an appropriate intervention program
and information to improve working environment of teachers that can be
used in the whole school.
Statistical Treatment of Data
The following descriptive measures will be used:
1. Percentage
This statistical treatment was used to apportion the degree of the belief
on employees commitment of the respondents
2. Mean
This statistical tool was used to determine the respondents degree of
belief.




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