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THURSDAY, JULY 3, 2014 Successful People Read The Post 4000 RIEL



Phak Seangly, Laignee Barron
and Chhay Channyda
FOURTEEN Cambodians jailed
in Thailand will soon be freed,
authorities told the Bangkok
Post yesterday, just one day after
yellow shirt activist Veera
Somkhwamkid returned to
Thailand upon being pardoned
from his espionage sentence in
Veera was royally pardoned
on Tuesday during a Thai dele-
gation's two-day trip to Cambo-
dia, the juntas first official visit
since the coup and subsequent
return of more than 250,000
Cambodian migrant workers.
Amid the arrangements com-
muting Veeras sentence, Prime
Minister Hun Sen reiterated an
appeal that Thailand release the
14 migrant workers arrested last
month for using fake visas.
But while the reciprocated
release announcement was
attributed to Thailands Perma-
nent Secretary for Justice Chan-
chao Chaiyanukij yesterday,
Cambodian officials were una-
ble to confirm any imminent
pardoning of the migrant
release for
Kim Sarom and Alice Cuddy
WO Cambodian sus-
pects allegedly involved
in a human organ traf-
ficking ring were
arrested in Phnom Penh this
week, officials said yesterday, in
what has been hailed as a land-
mark case in the Kingdom.
Keo Thea, director of Phnom
Penhs municipal anti-human
trafficking and child protection
police, said 40-year-old Yem
Phalla and his 29-year-old
stepdaughter Yem Asi Sas were
arrested on Tuesday evening at
the capitals Chroy Changva
bridge following allegations
that they had acted as brokers
in a cross-border human organ
They traded human kid-
neys, and we arrested them
based on the victims com-
plaints. It is a crime and they
will be punished, Thea said,
adding that it was the first
organ-trafficking case that his
unit had uncovered.
Police have spoken to three of
the victims, who showed them
the scars from the operation, but
the suspects confessed that they
had persuaded at least two oth-
ers to undergo the procedure.
According to Thea, the sus-
pects persuaded victims to give
up their kidneys by offering them
a payout ranging from $3,000 to
After arriving in Thailand, the
victims were given fake docu-
ments by a Thai-based dealer,
with their surname changed to
match that of the person in need
of a transplant.
Thea said the suspects told
police that each kidney would be
sold for $13,000 but did not
explain how this money was
divided with the dealer.
When the Post visited the sus-
pects village in Chroy Changva
Organ trafckers busted
Kidneys removed in Thailand, police say
Dennis Chong
HONG Kong police arrested
more than 500 protesters at a
sit-in early yesterday following
a huge march that organisers
said mobilised half a
million people demanding
democratic reforms.
The arrests followed a largely
peaceful march on Tuesday
that protest leaders said
brought the biggest crowds
onto the streets since the city
was handed over from Britain
to China in 1997.
Police moved in at 3am to
break up the sit-in by about
2,000 protesters i n t he
semi-autonomous citys Cen-
tral financial district with
some being dragged away by
They said 511 demonstrators
were arrested for illegal assem-
bly or obstructing police, but
pro-democracy activists and
Amnesty International criti-
cised the move as excessive.
Several pro-democracy law-
makers were among those
Police lifted activists, many
lying on the ground with their
arms chained to each other,
onto coaches that took them
to a temporary detention cen-
tre at a police college in Wong
Chuk Hang district.
I have no regrets! one of
them shouted, while others
flashed V-for-victory signs.
A police spokeswoman said
in a statement late yesterday
that 18 people had been
released on bail while 364 peo-
ple were released without
charge. The rest remained
detained pending further
It was necessary for police
to make arrests in order to
sees 500
in HK
Veera Somkhwamkid (centre),
a former leader of Thailand's
royalist movement, holds roses
upon his return from Cambodia
to Suvarnabhumi Airport in
Bangkok yesterday. AFP
Continued from page 1
labourers, though hinted that
one would soon be getting
under way.
It [would not be] a prisoner
swap, government spokesman
Phay Siphan said of the possi-
bility. Its a matter of mutual
respect and cooperation.
Siphan added that a recipro-
cal prisoner exchange could be
arranged under the Conven-
tion on the Transfer of Sen-
tenced Persons.
The international frame-
work, however, is intended to
allow for convicted persons to
finish their sentence in their
home country and not meant
to grant an exchange of com-
muted sentences.
Both countries are using
their political power to sway
the courts and violate the integ-
rity of the judicial system, said
Kem Ley, an independent polit-
ical analyst.
Ley added that for both sides,
the clemency arrangements
represented easy politics.
The workers coming back
. . . are poor, unemployed,
many were abused, and their
government isnt helping
them, he said. In this con-
text, the CPP had to do some-
thing quickly so they wouldnt
fuel the opposition.
But before the 14 Cambodian
workers can be released and
the political gesture accom-
plished, Thailands justice
department reportedly said
that Cambodia must first send
a list of the prisoners to be
freed, a list Cambodia claims it
hasnt yet been asked for.
We have it and, if requested,
we will send it, said Koy Kuong,
Foreign Ministry spokesman.
Kuong would not divulge the
names on the list, however,
adding only that Cambodia
had not yet been notified of
a release date.
But political experts, some of
whom predicted such an
exchange of prisoners between
countries, had no doubts Cam-
bodia would soon reap the
rewards of its bargain.
For Cambodia, this is about
gaining some sense of security
for the migrant workers, said
Chea Vannath, another inde-
pendent analyst. It will ease
tensions the workers are feeling
over a lack of jobs in Cambodia
and relieve some of the fears
over Thailand to make them
feel safer to return.
Vannath added that it was in
both countries and the work-
ers best interests to create a
smoother system for regulating
the migrant workers inevitable
return to jobs abroad.
But tired of waiting for the
recent slew of overseas regula-
tion reforms to finally take
effect, workers are already
starting on the road back to
better-paying jobs in the neigh-
bouring country. And to get
there, they are often reverting
to the old illegal methods.
Most of my village has
already [illegally] crossed
back through reopened check-
points to work in Thailand,
said Chan Raksmey, 43, from
Banteay Meanchey.
Over the past week, Thai-
land has reopened more than
40 of the 53 smaller check-
points previously known for
rampant smuggling that
were closed shortly after the
coup on May 22.
The people who are crossing
at those [reopened] points are
not going there to stay; they go
to the market in the morning
and come back at night, said
Korsum Saroeurt, Banteay
Meanchey provincial governor.
No one is going illegally; the
Thai authorities dont allow it.
But residents living close to
the international divide and
workers eager to return to
Thailand said the contrary
yesterday, noting hundreds of
daily crossings not intended
as short trips.
No one informed us about
how to get the new documents;
it is difficult to find out what we
are supposed to do, said May
Man, a 57-year-old recently
repatriated worker. He added
that he wants to find a way to
get his family back to Thailand,
and the job that was support-
ing them, as soon as possible.
Minister of Labour Ith Som
Heng also admitted that some
Cambodian workers are return-
ing to Thailand without the
legal documentation.
It is the same problem
again, he said. I think that it is
dangerous for them. The
undocumented workers are
abused and dismissed. It should
not happen like that again.
But while the government
continues ironing out its new,
cheaper regulations, workers
are demonstrably growing
There are no jobs in Cam-
bodia, so they have no choice
but to let the brokers help
send them to Thailand ille-
gally, paying up to 7,000 baht
[$216] to be smuggled back,
Raksmey said.
Vacancy Announcement
Announcement No: EC-AN-14-0694
Locaton: The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of
Cambodia (ECCC), Phnom Penh.
Closing Date: July 08, 2014 @ 4.30 pm.
The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) is seeking
highly qualied applicants for the positon of Administratve Assistant
For more details of the Job Descripton (JD), please visit the ECCC web-
site at htp:
Submission of Applicatons
Qualied candidates may submit their applicatons, including a leter
of interest, Curriculum Vitae along with the duly completed and signed
ECCC Applicaton Form for Employment available in the above website to:
Human Resources Secton (Natonal)
Natonal Road 4, Chaom Chau Commune
Porsenchey District, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
The ECCC gate B or Email:
P.O Box No.71
Please note that incomplete applicatons or applicatons received afer
the closing date will not be considered. Only those candidates that are
short-listed for interviews will be noted.
Applicatons from qualied female candidates are strongly encouraged
to apply.
Cambodian migrant workers queue at the Thai-Cambodia border checkpoint near the border town of Poipet
last week. HONG MENEA
release of
It [would not be] a prisoner
swap. Its a matter of mutual
respect and cooperation
Alleged traffickers
of organs arrested
Continued from page 1

commune yesterday, a relative
who asked not to be named
claimed that at least two fam-
ily members had been target-
ed in the scam.
In an account conrmed by
Thea, the source said the case
only came to light after Phallas
23-year-old cousin Krin bor-
rowed $3,000 from him. When
he failed to pay the money back,
Phalla stole Krins motorbike,
prompting a police complaint.
When police questioned Krin
about his relationship with the
suspect, details of the kidney-
trafcking scheme emerged.
Krin sold his kidney through
the suspect about a month ago.
One of his older brothers also
sold his kidney about a year
ago, the source told the Post.
Kdan Sivutha, a doctor and
former director of the National
Pediatric Hospital, said that
while there are few short-term
effects to having one kidney
removed, the victims may suf-
fer in the long term.
The remaining [kidney]
will have to work harder . . . it
will be weaker because only
one side will work, and if they
are ingesting bad chemicals
[there could be negative ef-
fects], he said.
Internationally, there is
growing demand for organs,
which is causing the illicit trade
to explode, according to the
Bangkok-based regional ofce
of the United Nations Ofce on
Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
The most common organs
sought for in the organ market
are kidneys, followed by livers
for purposes of transplanta-
tion. Such practices have in-
creased exponentially in re-
cent decades with the growing
demand for live-donor organ
transplants. This demand is
attributable to an increasing
differential between rates
of end-stage renal disease
(ESRD) and deceased donor
organ donation, UNODC
said in an email yesterday.
But while organ trafcking
follows patterns similar to
other forms of human trafck-
ing, such as exploiting vulner-
able populations, there are
also signicant differences,
the email adds.
Some of the actors and
modus operandi of this crime
stand in sharp contrast to
other forms of trafcking in
persons, e.g. the requirement
of medical professionals, the
matching of an organ recipi-
ent, the duration of exploi-
tation and the subsequent
release of the victim. Knowl-
edge of these practices is not
well known and, resultantly,
the response globally has
been, at best, uneven.
In Cambodia, the trafcking
of organs is prohibited under
the anti-trafcking law and
is punishable by seven to 15
years imprisonment.
But it is a sentence that has
never before been handed
down, according to Sok Sam
Ouen, executive director of the
Cambodian Defenders Project.
We have never heard of this
happening before in Cam-
bodia. Recently, we heard ru-
mours [that organ trafcking
was happening], but we have
never seen people arrested,
Sam Ouen said.
Som Saret, deputy prosecu-
tor at the Phnom Penh Mu-
nicipal Court, said he would
need to see the evidence be-
fore he could speculate on
what sentence might be de-
livered in the event of a trial
and guilty verdict.
Trading kidneys is a crime,
but we do not know how many
years the suspects will be sen-
tenced to. Wait for the docu-
ments and the interrogation,
but if there is no rm evi-
dence, we still cannot charge
them, he said.
We have never
heard of this
happening before
in Cambodia
Six months on, no justice for shootings
Vong Sokheng and
Buth Reaksmey Kongkea
IX months ago today,
security forces opened
re on garment work-
ers protesting for a dou-
bling of their minimum wage
on Phnom Penhs factory-lined
Veng Sreng Boulevard. At least
ve people were killed in what
rights groups called the worst
state violence against citizens
in 15 years.
Half a year on, no results of
any government investigation
has been released. No security,
police or military personnel
have been charged, and the vic-
tims families say they continue
to wait for justice or compen-
sation, hopes of which have all
but slipped away.
So far, the government has
done nothing to take care of
me; no one has come to see
me. I have no idea what I am
going to do, said 21-year-old
Chiv Phanith, whose husband
was killed during the crack-
down on protesters, many of
whom were throwing rocks
and Molotov cocktails.
My husband had just joined
to demonstrate, and he should
not have been punished with
death. I have become a widow
and the government should
take care and compensate me.
I dont know whether I will get
justice or not.
A government investigation
into the violence wrapped up
in February and was never pub-
licly released.
On May 30, 13 people arrest-
ed during the January 3 crack-
down were found guilty on
charges ranging from incite-
ment to intentional violence
and given suspended sentenc-
es of one to four years.
The government has since
said that it will not reopen
Freedom Park until further in-
vestigation into the events of
January is completed. At the
same time, it refused last week
to accept recommendations at
the UN Human Rights Coun-
cil that it impartially investi-
gate the use of excessive force
against protesters.
National Police spokesman
Kirth Chantharith said yester-
day that the government inves-
tigation carried out months
ago had been sent to the
Phnom Penh Municipal Court.
We are waiting for a court
decision that would link to our
investigation, but we have nev-
er stopped investigating. Our
investigation remains ongo-
ing, he said.
Military police spokesman
Kheng Tito said authorities had
investigated all relevant parties,
including security forces, and
that responsibility for further
action lay with the court.
This report is not for the
public. It is for the court to use
in the interest of the public . . .
so our duty is over . . . We must
wait for the courts decision.
Court spokesman and dep-
uty prosecutor Ly Sophanna
said that he had not seen the
report and referred the Post
to another deputy prosecutor,
Seang Sok, who could not be
reached for comment.
Another deputy prosecutor,
Meas Chanpiseth, said that
while he did not know any-
thing about the Veng Sreng in-
vestigation, he had forwarded
a police report related to the
killing of Mao Sok Chan by po-
lice at the Kbal Thnal yover in
September of last year to an in-
vestigating judge.
No suspect or killer was
identied in the report. And I
also did not charge anyone in
relation to this case, because
there was such a big crowd and
so many people, so we were not
able to identify who killed the
victim, he said.
Chak Sopheap, president of
the Cambodian Center for Hu-
man Rights, said it was clear
that no independent investi-
gation would be carried out in
relation to either event, given
that impunity is symptomatic
to Cambodias security forces
and judiciary.
The government has clear-
ly no political will to inves-
tigate security forces. It un-
derstands investigation into
the events as investigating
the protesters, not the perpe-
trators of violence. ADDITIONAL
Garment workers carry a wounded person along Phnom Penhs Veng Sreng Boulevard in January where
violent clashes between striking garment workers and authorities turned fatal. THE PHNOM PENH POST
So far, the government has
done nothing to take care of
me; no one has come
to see me
Employment Opportunity
Digital Manager
BBC Media Action is the BBCs international development charity. We
believe in the power of media and communication to help reduce poverty
and support people in understanding their rights. Our aim is to
inform, connect and empower people around the world.
Overall Purpose of Job: To lead the Online Team of BBC Media Action
to produce weekly content as well as oversee the technical aspects on
websites and social media of the projects within the organization.
Main Duties
Develop a full understanding of the background, purpose and outputs 1.
of the projects within BBC Media Action Cambodia;
Work closely with the team to create a digital content schedule 2.
that best supports and amplies the projects weekly themes and
In close coordination with the other managers, manage the overall 3.
strategy for the campaign online presence, including the marketing
and promotion period;
With the management team, develop a detailed work plan and 4.
budget to ensure an appropriate, effective, efcient and sustainable
online presence available from the launch of the projects until its
Develop a very clear understanding of the editorial policies of the 5.
BBC and the editorial context of the projects;
Once live, ensure digital spaces are managed according to the content 6.
schedule and are integrated across the other platforms;
Represent the online team to the rest of the BBC Media Action in 7.
Report regularly on the online teams progress to Country Director, 8.
through at least weekly meetings, and short written reports on every

Essential skills and experience
Demonstrable experience of working in the development sector
Good general knowledge of the challenges and opportunities of using
media for development
Strong decision-making and organisational skills - able to schedule
and prioritise people, resources and activities to meet operational
Excellent communication skills with uency in written and spoken
Khmer and English
Excellent IT knowledge including with MS Word, Excel and
Interested applicants should submit a CV with an introduction letter
detailing skills and outlining what they can bring to the job. Please do
not include certicates. Send to: BBC Media Action, #296 (4th - 7th
oor), St. 271, Sangkat Toul Tompung II, Khan Chamkarmorn,
P.O. Box 155, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Or email Tel: 023 997 435.
Only short-listed candidates will be called to attend an interview.
Closing Date: 18
July 2014. The BBC is an equal opportunities
Employment Opportunity
Radio Manager
BBC Media Action is the BBCs international development charity.We believe
in the power of media and communication to help reduce poverty and support
people in understanding their rights. Our aim is to
inform, connect and empower people around the world.
Overall Purpose of Job: To lead the radio team members consists of
Producers, Assistants and Presenters to develop and implement an innovative
new entertainment phone-in radio show that links clearly and effectively with
TV and online outputs.
Main Duties
Develop a full understanding of the background, purpose and outputs of 1.
the projects;
Reach and document a clear understanding with TV, event and Online 2.
production teams, and any print partners, as to the types of radio outputs
most relevant and valuable for the projects (phone-in will be a major
component of this, but will not be the only format considered);
Work with Country Director, Project Managers, Research Team and the 3.
TV, event and Online teams to plan long-term strategy for the radio
presence, including identifying new opportunities as well as risks.
Working closely with the rest of the radio team, and in close coordination 4.
with Country Director, develop this strategy into a workplan and budget
for at least the rst one year of radio output, ensuring that the radio
component supports and is supported by all the other elements of
the projects, and makes a noticeable and meaningful contribution to the
project goals.
Represent the radio team to the rest of the BBC Media Action in 5.
Report regularly on the radio teams progress to Country Director, through 6.
at least weekly meetings, and short written reports on every episode
Ensure all radio programmes adhere to BBC editorial guidelines. 7.
Manage and oversee the production of the radio programmes 8.
in cooperation with the Radio Producers and Radio Production
Liaise with partner radio station on day-to-day technical repairs and 9.
Essential skills and experience
Demonstrable experience of working in the development sector
Good general knowledge of the challenges and opportunities of using
media for development
Strong decision-making and organisational skills - able to schedule and
prioritise people, resources and activities to meet operational deadlines.
Excellent communication skills with uency in written and spoken Khmer
and English
Computer skills including with MS Word, Excel and PowerPoint
Interested applicants should submit a CV with an introduction letter detailing
skills and outlining what they can bring to the job. Please do not include
certicates. Send to: BBC Media Action, #296 (4th - 7th oor), St. 271,
Sangkat Toul Tompung II, Khan Chamkarmorn, P.O. Box 155, Phnom
Penh, Cambodia. Or email
Tel: 023 997 435.
Only short-listed candidates will be called to attend an interview. Closing
Date: 18
July 2014. The BBC is an equal opportunities employer.
May Titthara
families in Battambangs Thma
Koul district were interrogated
by the provincial court all af-
ternoon yesterday regarding
a long-standing land dispute
between villagers and the Min-
istry of Defence.
According to the villagers ac-
count, in 1993, each family was
given two hectares on which to
settle when they returned from
refugee camps in Thailand.
Three years later, the soldiers
arrived and tried to claim and
farm the 114-hectare territory.
[The soldiers] have abused
our land since 1996, yet they
have complained that we have
abused their land, said Chhoe-
un Chorb, the Krous village
chief and one of four repre-
sentatives called to court yes-
terday following a complaint
lodged by Chhem Seakleng,
an engineering soldier.
The villagers said they have
led plenty of their own com-
plaints to local and provincial
ofcials, but to no avail. In 2012,
they staged a protest in front of
the prime ministers house, but
continued to get no response.
We have lived on our land
since reintegration, and we
have legal land titles, said
Chok Sok, another of the fami-
lies representatives. The com-
mune chief secretly sold the
land to business people.
The local rights group assist-
ing the villagers conrmed the
families land titles, and said the
dispute had reached a critical
point in April when the villagers
erected shelters on the land so
soldiers could not clear it.
They have sought inter-
vention from everywhere, but
justice is not delivered, so they
decided to sleep on and guard
their land themselves, said Yin
Mengly, an Adhoc coordinator.
Prosecutor Nuon San and
Chhem Seakleng could not be
reached for comment.
Pech Sotheary and Sean Teehan
THE leader of Cambodias
largest independent garment
union appeared in Phnom
Penh Municipal Court yester-
day as the defendant in a civil
case brought by a former mem-
ber demanding his removal.
At the trial against the Co-
alition of Cambodian Apparel
Workers Democratic Unions
(C.CAWDU) president Ath
Thorn, vice president Kong
Athit and secretary-general
Ek Sopheakdey, attorney Som
Chamreun, who is represent-
ing former member Um Visal,
claimed scandal caused by
the leadership is running the
union into the ground.
Thorns leadership style has
caused the union to lose trust
and money from the donors and
members, said Chamreun.
Visal did not appear in court.
Chamreun claimed that
Thorn embezzled $120,000 in
union dues in 2009, provid-
ing the judge with documents
alleging support for the ac-
cusation. He also said Thorns
reduction of committees in the
union gave the president more
power, breeding corruption.
Visals lawyer asked Phnom
Penh Municipal judge Li Lim
Meng to immediately remove
the trio from power and pro-
mote someone new into the
leadership positions.
A decision on the case has
yet to be reached.
In an interview after the trial,
Visal said he did not want to lead
C.CAWDU but knew what he
would do if put in charge.
If the court decides to allow
me to be president of the Co-
alition of Cambodian Apparel
Workers Democratic Union
(C.CAWDU), I will create a com-
mittee to control all the process
of C.CAWDU, but not be the
leader, Visal said. I would re-
form all laws of C.CAWDU.
After the trial, Thorn said
Visal has no evidence of any
Visal, he added, became em-
bittered after his second bid for
the unions presidency.
Thorn also said that under
his watch, the union gained
20,000 members and doubled
the money collected in dues to
$4,000 per month since 1999.
In a separate case, the Court
of Appeal on Tuesday rejected
Thorns appeal for the terms
of his bail for a charge of
incitement. He will appeal
to the Supreme Court next
week, he said.
Kevin Ponniah
The Australian government has
committed another $3 million
to the Khmer Rouge Tribunals
international side.
The new contribution brings
its total funding to the court to
more than $24 million, mak-
ing it the second-largest donor
after Japan.
As we await the verdict for
Case 002/01 and continue the
work on the remaining cases,
this funding helps to ensure
that justice can be delivered
to the people of Cambodia in
a timely fashion, the courts
acting administrative director,
Tony Kranh, and deputy direc-
tor, Knut Rosandhaug, said in a
Australia has been an invalu-
able partner in this endeavor
since the establishment of the
Tribunal, for which the ECCC
would like to express its deep
gratitude, they said.
The donation follows a $4.6
million contribution made by
the government of Sweden that
was announced last week.
Locals questioned in
Bbang land dispute
Complainant absent
from Ath Thorn case
Oz gives KRT $3 million
Deadlock longest in history
Meas Sokchea and Kevin Ponniah

EPUTY opposition leader Kem
Sokha yesterday asked Prime
Minister Hun Sen to show more
exibility in negotiations in or-
der to break the political deadlock.
His request comes at a symbolic junc-
ture: the political impasse following last Ju-
lys national election has now become the
longest ever since the UN brought multi-
party elections to the Kingdom in 1993.
It took 340 days after the 2003 election
until Prime Minister Hun Sen and Prince
Norodom Ranariddh inked an ofcial
deal in a ceremony broadcast on national
television. The pact brought an end to 11
months of deadlock and saw Funcinpec
join the Cambodian Peoples Party in a co-
alition government.
Today marks 341 days since the July 28,
2013, poll. While this time, the CPP has
been able to form a government on its
own, parliament still remains nearly half
empty due to the CNRPs boycott.
Yesterday, Sokha called on Hun Sen and
the CPP to be more exible about how
National Election Committee members
should be selected.
On Tuesday, the premier said talks could
restart if the CNRP abandoned its request
that members should have to be approved
by two-thirds of parliament.
In negotiations, we cannot say we are
absolute, and we must do things like this
or like that. If we are absolute, there is no
need to negotiate. Our stance is like this
and the stance of the other side is like
that, so we must negotiate so we can
nd a joint position that can be accept-
able, Sokha said.
But senior CPP lawmaker and negotiat-
ing team member Chheang Vun said, per-
sonally speaking, he did not think the CPP
could move away from the 50-per-cent-
plus-one formula that it favours. But he
did say that NEC members should come
from both parties.
In my mind, I think that the NEC having
nine members is good, with ve members
from the CPP and four from the CNRP. The
NEC president is from the [CPP] and dep-
uty president is from the [CNRP], he said.
In response to the current deadlock
gaining the distinction of longest ever,
Cambodian Center for Human Rights
chairman Ou Virak said it was important
to recognise post-poll problems as part of
the growing pains of democracy.
The takeaway from all of this is wheth-
er the deadlock can be a good thing. If it
can reform the NEC and other institu-
tions, it can be a good thing, and we can
look at it as [providing] an opportunity to
reform, he said.
Prime Minister Hun Sen and opposition leader Sam Rainsy shake hands outside the National
Assembly in Phnom Penh last year after a meeting. SRENG MENG SRUN
Joint patrols on agenda
Ofcials take cut of
dam compensation
Phak Seangly and Daniel Pye
FFICIALS involved in
negotiating compen-
sation offers between
the developers of the
Lower Sesan II dam and affect-
ed villagers have kept a portion
of the money paid out to 12
families for themselves, accord-
ing to an official.
Duong Pov, Stung Treng pro-
vincial administration director,
claimed that a number of vil-
lagers who had received com-
pensation paid 10 per cent of
the money they received from
the Lower Sesan II Company to
his working groups as a tip.
It is not a matter of cutting
the compensation [that the vil-
lagers received]. I am telling you
the truth, that it was the idea of
the villagers, who voluntarily
gave our officers the money, he
said, adding that the officials
had helped villagers exaggerate
claims to manipulate the com-
pensation process.
Villagers have said the proc-
ess is unclear and offers fall
well below an acceptable
amount relative to what they
stand to lose.
Our officers followed the
villagers suggestion, because
it also helps our Khmer citi-
zens and they would give
them [the officials] some
money as a tip or thank you.
The officers did not demand
10 or 20 per cent of the com-
pensation, he added.
Several working group
members paid back the mon-
ey, he claimed, but a few kept
the payments.
We were just trying to help
the villagers, he said.
Mao Porm, project manager
of the Culture and Environ-
ment Preservation Organisa-
tion, which has worked as an
advocate for many of the
affected communities, told a
different story.
He said the villagers had been
pressured into accepting lower
compensation than they want-
ed between $8,000 and
$15,000 and officials had
taken a 10 per cent cut without
consulting the families.
The three families who had
rejected offers from the Lower
Sesan II Company were only
offered $500, he added.
Meach Mean, coordinator
of the 3S Rivers Network,
doubted whether the provin-
cial committee had the legal
right to get involved in com-
pensation negotiations in
the first place.
We didnt see any sub-de-
cree giving the authority to the
provincial committee. Its
required by law, he said.
The 400-megawatt dam will
create a 36,000-hectare reser-
voir when it is completed, dis-
placing almost 5,000 people.
The Ministry of Mines and
Energy said last month that the
dam would be completed in
late 2017.
Chhay Channyda
and Amelia Woodside

IN RESPONSE to a spate of
Cambodian illegal loggers be-
ing shot dead by Thai soldiers
near the border, the govern-
ment on Tuesday urged a Thai
delegation to consider border
patrols composed of represen-
tatives from the two countries,
the foreign minister said.
I would like to request [act-
ing Foreign Minister] Sihasak
Phuangketkeow to tell Thai
authorities that when they see
[Cambodians] logging, to ar-
rest them and take legal action,
but please do not shoot them,
Hor Namhong said on Tues-
day, following the rst visit of a
Thai delegation to Phnom Penh
since Mays military coup.
A meeting between Secretary
of State Long Visalo and an un-
named Thai counterpart also
took place last month, Nam-
hong told reporters, when dis-
cussions on appointing a point-
person on either side of the
border to facilitate joint border
patrols initially began.
For Thailands part, Sihasak
told reporters that Thai au-
thorities have conrmed at the
top-most level that it will work
to avoid violence or more dam-
age at the borders.
According to the Ministry of
Interior, 69 Cambodians were
shot while illegally crossing the
Thai border last year. Vanna
was unable to provide num-
bers on the number of Cam-
bodian nationals shot this year,
but ofcials in March said that
Thai soldiers had shot dead 12
loggers in a single day.
Pich Vanna, director of the
Cambodian-Thai Border Rela-
tions Ofce, said yesterday that
a meeting between Cambodian
and Thai regional military was
slated to take place sometime
in the middle of this month.
The situation at the Thai-
Cambodia border has been
quiet in recent months,
Van na said.
Political analyst Kem Ley said
that negotiations should not
have taken place because the
Thai junta was illegitimate.
Migrant workers and
even illegal loggers must be
protected in and outside
Cambodia, but negotiations
should cease with this illegal
Thai government . . . if Cam-
bodia wants to partner with
this Thai government, they
should demand an election
take place rst, he said.
Thai security personnel patrol a section of forest near the Cambodian
border last year in an effort to reduce illegal logging in the area. EIA
I am telling you the truth, that
it was the idea of the villagers,
who voluntarily gave our
officers the money
Son to the rescue as
sleeping mum robbed
MOTHERHOOD can be an
exhausting affair, so it comes
in handy having offspring
whove got your back when the
tiredness catches up to you
and trouble hits the proverbial
fan. One sleeping old dear in
Phnom Penhs Daun Penh dis-
trict will be thankful she put up
with her sons teenage angst
after he chased down and
apprehended a thief who
pinched her mobile phone
from her bedside. The suspect
was sent to court after con-
fessing to police, who are still
on the lookout for an accom-

Cops interrupt dealers
late-night deliveries
out of the game after a routine
police patrol in Kandal prov-
inces Ponhea Leu district
spotted him playing the part.
The 21-year-old pusher was
caught riding his moto alone in
the middle of the night, casting
shifty glances at the officers.
Upon further inspection, the
cops found the suspect to be
on his daily delivery run to the
local villages, confiscating a
number of packages of meth,
some cash and mobile
phones. He was sent to court
to be charged. NOKORWAT
Unimaginative burglar
trips up on second visit
CRIMINALS often return to the
scene of the crime. But a sus-
pected thief in Pailin town took
his sweet time, only revisiting
the home he burgled several
months prior on Tuesday. The
25-year-old crook broke into a
womans house at about 5am,
causing her to scream bloody
murder. Her neighbours caught
the thief after he bolted at the
shrieking. After being handed
over to police, he said he had
pawned a number of the wom-
ans household items from the
earlier robbery. NOKORWAT
Reckless SUV driver
leaves victims in wake
ANYONE negotiating Phnom
Penhs overflowing streets will
at some point experience a
close call with a speeding SUV.
For one unfortunate moto driv-
er in the capitals Chamkar-
mon district, Tuesday night
proved one close call too many,
when a reckless driver
careered through a crossroad,
sending the victim and three
friends flying. The driver ended
up stumbling unharmed from
his vehicle after crashing into
an electricity pylon. The victim
escaped with a broken leg,
while the driver was reportedly
Motodop survives axe
attack but loses wheels
A MOTODOP was viciously
attacked with an axe by two
men he had agreed to take
home after a night of drinking
at a Por Sen Chey district night-
club early on Tuesday morning.
Halfway to their requested des-
tination, the pair of thugs pulled
out the axe and hacked the
driver three times in the head,
causing deep cuts. He escaped,
but the suspects made off with
his bike. NOKORWAT
Translated by Phak Seangly
barrels to
be tested
Sen David and Alice Cuddy
EXPERTS will begin tests today
on two barrels discovered in
Mondulkiri province earlier
this week, which are suspected
to contain chemicals used by
the US in the 1970s in its war
against the Viet Cong, officials
said yesterday.
Heng Ratana, director general
of the Cambodian Mine Action
Center (CMAC), said a team of
experts were expected in ORaing
districts Andoung Kraloeng vil-
lage yesterday evening.
At the moment, I could not
confirm what kind of chemi-
cals are inside [the barrels], but
by tomorrow, I should have
more answers, Ratana said
According to Ratana, based
on previous similar cases, the
barrels are likely to contain
tear gas.
Py Tel, Andoung Kraloeng vil-
lage chief, said that following the
discovery earlier this week,
CMAC officials cordoned off the
area surrounding the barrels and
warned villagers to stay away.
One of the villagers, Bil Vanty,
said people in the area had been
suffering from dizzy spells and
Labour initiative launches
Sean Teehan and Mom Kunthear

HE Cambodian La-
bour Confederation
(CLC), the countrys
largest independent
union collective, yesterday
launched a program aimed
at bolstering union inuence,
strengthening negotiating skills
to avoid strikes and improving
working conditions for women
and youths.
The new initiative a joint ef-
fort of the CLC and the National
Confederation of Christian
Trade Unions in the Nether-
lands (known as CNV, its Dutch
acronym) is largely funded by
the European Union.
It will focus on strengthening
CLCs lobbying and promoting
core labour standards for young
people and women, said Jan
Ridder, a CNV program ofcer.
The program is not politi-
cally directed and not politi-
cally involved. The program is
not aimed at organising strikes
or causing any problems in so-
ciety, Ridder said at a forum in
Phnom Penh. The program is
made as a positive role for the
CLC and expanding the pro-
gram of workers rights, espe-
cially for youth and women.
Educating union representa-
tives on Cambodias labour law
and offering training in areas
such as nancial management
are among the three-year proj-
ects objectives.
Funds provided by the EU
make up 80 per cent of its bud-
get, said Jasna Pajnkihar, an at-
tach for the EUs cooperation
section. The EU is providing
nearly $330,000 of the roughly
$360,000 operating cost.
A large part of training will
involve negotiating with facto-
ry managers, using strikes as a
last resort, said CLC secretary
general Kong Athit.
We want to promote nego-
tiation and conciliation peace-
fully, Athit said, adding that
empowering women and youth
in the workforce is another ma-
jor driving factor. We can see
that the most vulnerable in the
labour market are women and
young people.
Issues including rings of
union leaders, the ongoing
mass faintings and excessive
overtime worked in many sec-
tors staffed mostly by youth
and women necessitate the
program, CLC president Ath
Thorn said.
Decent work has been non-
existent in Cambodia in terms
of workers rights, Thorn said.
Decent work means decent
wages, appropriate work hours
and the assurance of a safe
Garment workers gather during a protest in front of T&K Cambodia factory on Phnom Penhs Veng Sreng
Boulevard early last month. PHA LINA
Eddie Morton
ITH a rapidly
rising popula-
tion exacerbat-
ing the countrys
existing infrastructure, the Asia
Development Bank (ADB) has
highlighted in a new study the
Cambodian governments fail-
ure to install effective planning
policies in its most densely
populated urban centres.
Driven by work opportunities
and higher wages in the coun-
trys tourism, construction and
garment sectors, the ADB esti-
mates, that 30 per cent of Cam-
bodias 15.6 million-person
population is now living within
24 of the countrys most urban-
ised provincial cities, ranging
from the larger Phnom Penh and
Siem Reap to the smaller cities
of Prey Veng and Svay Rieng.
The ADB estimates that by
2030, with a total population of
18 million, at least 44 per cent of
Cambodians will be concen-
trated in these urban areas.
Today, Cambodia is at a criti-
cal juncture to set the trajectory
right for urban development and
to start managing the urbanisa-
tion process, the report states.
The study says that outdated
legislation from national-level
ministerial departments, and
ineffective planning regulations
set by municipal authorities are
hampering the development of
the countrys infrastructure
needs, such as transport, waste
management, roads, water and
drainage systems.
All these issues need to be
urgently addressed as poten-
tially they pose a grave impact
on economic productivity and
quality of peoples lives in urban
areas, the report continues.
Citing the example of the gov-
ernments construction permit
laws, which were established in
1997 and remain in place today,
the ADB says a lack of commit-
ment to approve new land use
plans, as well as conflicts of inter-
est between "individuals" and
ministries, demonstrate how the
governments existing planning
strategies are not equipped to
cope with the rapid urbanisation
of the countrys population.
Without swift action from the
government on planning regu-
lations, management and
design, the ADB concludes that
Cambodias urban environ-
ment is due to deteriorate, pos-
ing great risk for the health of
urban dwellers.
By gradually building the gov-
ernments capacity to go further
into building codes, planning
and enforcement, we will hope-
fully see more immediate ben-
efits to the countrys urban
development, Januar Hakim,
senior project management
specialist at the ADB said.
Take for example the border
towns of Poi Pet and Bavet. They
have both developed extremely
rapidly from trade and tourism,
but not as a municipality. So that
is an example of where planning
regulation is urgently needed."
A careful balance of planning
regulations will help encourage
private sector development, said
a surveyor at global commercial
real estate company CBRE, Chris
A more coherent, long-term
master plan and planning policy
framework could serve to add
confidence to foreign investors
and lead to a more structured
expansion of Phnom Penh, a city
that is certain to experience the
effects of significant urbanisa-
tion over the coming years,
Hobden said.
Minister of Planning Chhay
Than said the government was
working on a masterplan to
improve infrastructure develop-
ment throughout the country,
that would cost $6 billion. How-
ever the improvements require
private sector partnerships.
Of course the private sector is
our main partner in improving
the countrys development.
Without them the work cannot
be done, he said, adding that
enhancing major cities infra-
structure is a top priority for the
Puny plants perturb Kampot pepper producers
Chan Muyhong
KAMPOT pepper farmers saw a bumper crop this
year with harvest levels up more than 36 per cent,
but rain shortages have diminished the produc-
ers' chances of exporting their haul.
According to Nguon Lay, president of the
Kampot Pepper Promotion Association (KPPA),
more than 30 tonnes of Kampot pepper has
been earmarked for collection, up from 22
tonnes in 2013.
But it turns out, only 12 tonnes of the harvest
is of geographical indicator (GI) standard, he
said, adding also that he had 26 tonnes worth
of orders to fill.
We have been asking for understanding from
our buyers for failing to deliver the amount as
ordered. Dry season this year has taken a longer
time to end, he added.
Due to a rainfall shortage, farmers in the
southern province famed for its pepper pro-
duction have been unable to produce the spice
to the minimum size requirements stipulated
by its GI status.
Lay said some farmers had resorted to building
private water reservoirs in order to safeguard
their crops.
Kann Sinouch, a farmer with 500 pepper plants
on a 2,400 square-metre plot of land, said his
pepper harvest had actually decreased from two
kilograms to around 1.5 kilograms per plant due
to the hot and dry weather.
Peppers flowers just fall off when there is a
shortage of water. The peppers did not grow well.
We are forced to harvest pepper as it grows not
according to the standard, he added.
Last year, the output of Kampot pepper was
also reported to have not reached the buyers
target due to water shortages.
Chan Chesda, director of Kampot provincial
agriculture department, said yesterday the gov-
ernment had proposed to farmers to dig out a
10,000-square-meter water reservoir in an effort
to combat poor weather conditions.
But farmers said that they cannot share their
plantation areas for the pond, Chesda said.
There is no natural water resource available
in the area. It is farmers responsibility to think
about water resource for their pepper, he said.
The Kampot pepper GI brand covers a very
specific area: five of the eight districts in Kampot
and one district in Kep where the plant grows in
identical soil and weather conditions.
According to KPPA's Ngoun Lay, higher prices
per kilo, and increased demand from foreign buy-
ers are encouraging farmers to expand their plan-
tations. Red pepper now is sold for $20 per kilo-
gram, black pepper is sold for $11, and white
pepper is sold for $14 per one kilogram.
This year cultivation area has increased from
32 hectares in 2013 to 90 hectares this year, he
went on to say.
January to May is typically the Kampot pepper
harvesting season.
provider to
offer Wing
Hor Kimsay
(EdC) on Monday announced
it will offer customers in Siha-
noukville, Battambang, and
Siem Reap the option to pay
their bills via mobile payment
provider Wing.
EdC and Wing officials
signed an agreement on July 1
at the Cambodiana Hotel in
Phnom Penh authorising the
partnership, which is yet to
have an official roll out date.
The electricity provider
already offers Wing payments
to customers in Kandal prov-
ince and Phnom Penh.
EdC director, Keo Ratanak
said that the agreement will
cut wait times for customer
trying to pay their bills at the
post office.
[Wing] are easier to pay
electricity bills with as they
[bill payers] dont need to
stand in line under the sun-
shine or wait for long, Ratan-
ak said.
Wing currently has 124 out-
lets in Battambang, 108 in
Siem Reap and 40 in Siha-
noukville. Service charges for
bill payments depend on the
size of the bill, according to
Wing CEO, Anthony Perkins,
but typically cost between
$0.25 and $0.50.
Consumers will have con-
venience of paying their bill
either through our Wing Cash
Xpress network where our
agents are most likely much
closer to their home or busi-
ness," Perkins said.
Perkins said EdCs new agree-
ment could be finalised and
operational by next month.
Among its other public sec-
tor clients, Wing also provides
bill payment services for
Phnom Penh Water Supply
customers and payroll serv-
ices for Cambodian govern-
ment employees.
Urban planning needed: ADB
Construction workers at the sight of a drainage project yesterday in Phnom Penhs Prampi Makara district. VIREAK MAI
Indicative Exchange Rates as of 27/6/2014. Please contact ANZ Royal Global Markets on 023 999 910 for real time rates.
Xiaomi the money
boom for
China rm
IAOMI Corp smartphone
shipments almost qua-
drupled in the rst half
of this year, surpassing the
total amount of the devices the
company sold in 2013.
The four-year-old smart-
phone producer that outsells
Apple in China shipped 26 mil-
lion smartphones in the rst
half of this year, almost four
times the 7.03 million devices
sold in the same period a year
ago, Tony Wei, a spokesman
for the Beijing-based com-
pany, said. Xiaomi shipped
18.7 million units in 2013.
Sales in the rst half of this
year more than doubled to 33
billion yuan ($5.3 billion) from
13.3 billion yuan a year ago,
Wei said. Xiaomi in April set
a target to boost phone ship-
ments to 100 million units in
2015 as the company pushes
outside its home market of
China and starts sales in 10
new markets including India,
Brazil and Russia.
Xiaomis valuation hit the $10
billion mark with a fundraising
round last year in August, the
closely held company said at
the time. BLOOMBERG
INDONESIA said on Tuesday
that its trade balance swung
back to surplus in May and
reported a urry of other posi-
tive data, a boost for Southeast
Asias top economy after a re-
cent slowdown.
The surplus was slightly
higher than expected at $70
million, according to the sta-
tistics agency, after a decit of
almost $2 billion in April as ex-
ports were hit by a controver-
sial mineral ore export ban.
Ination slowed further to
6.70 per cent year-on-year in
June after spiking last year fol-
lowing a rise in fuel prices, the
agency said, and a manufac-
turing activity survey hit a new
record high.
Some good news will be
a welcome relief for policy-
makers after GDP growth in
the rst quarter slipped to an
annualised 5.21 per cent, its
slowest pace since late 2009,
due in large part to the ban
on shipment of some unpro-
cessed mineral ores.
The trade balance in particu-
lar is closely watched by inves-
tors, and economists said the
surplus would be welcome at a
time of high uncertainty before
an increasingly tight presiden-
tial election next week.
While $70 million is not
much of a surplus to write
home about, the fact that ex-
ports managed to outdo im-
ports this time round nonethe-
less comes at a very fortunate
time, said Wellian Wiranto,
an economist at Singapores
OCBC Bank.
He added that with the in-
creasingly thick atmosphere of
uncertain anticipation before
the July 9 poll, the number will
be seen as a relative positive
by the markets.
Ex-general Prabowo Subi-
anto has mounted a come-
back against favourite Joko
Widodo, whose lead has
dwindled to a few per centage
points in many surveys.
Meanwhile manufactur-
ing activity expanded, HSBCs
manufacturing purchasing
managers index for Indonesia
It climbed to 52.7 in June
from 52.4 in May, the high-
est reading since the survey
started in April 2011. A reading
above 50 indicates growth and
below 50 contraction. AFP
Positive data reveals
brighter prospects for
Indonesias economy
ROPERTY develop-
ers in two of Chinas
weakest housing
markets are offering
to buy back homes above the
purchase price to boost sales
as demand slows.
In Hangzhou, where home
prices fell the most in May
among 70 Chinese cities
watched by the government,
Shanheng Real Estate Group is
giving homebuyers an option
to sell back their apartments
in ve years for 40 per cent
above the purchase price. In
Wenzhou, DoThink Group is
offering to repurchase homes
at three of its projects for 120
per cent of the purchase price
after three years.
The offers are the latest
strategy by developers across
China, including reduc-
ing prices, delaying project
launches and offering incen-
tives to buyers, as they seek to
maintain sales targets.
Prices of new homes de-
creased in May from April in
half the 70 cities tracked by
the government, the largest
proportion since May 2012,
according to government
data. A more persistent and
sharper downturn in the
property sector is the biggest
risk for Chinas economy in
the next couple of years, ac-
cording to UBS Ag.
Obviously theyre rela-
tively cash-thirsty, said Dai
Fang, a Shanghai-based an-
alyst at Zheshang Securities
Co. If it works, there surely
will be other developers fol-
lowing suit.
Chinas home sales slumped
10.2 per cent in the rst ve
months of this year from the
same period a year earlier
amid tight credit and an eco-
nomic slowdown, reversing
last years 27 per cent jump.
The average new-home
price in 100 cities tracked
by SouFun Holdings Ltd fell
0.5 per cent in June from the
previous month, accelerating
from the 0.3 per cent decline
in May that ended 23 consec-
utive months of gains.
For closely held Shanheng
Real Estate, which is con-
trolled by Shanghai-based
clothing maker Shanshan
Group Co, the buyback of-
fer helped attract more than
1,000 potential buyers to its
Yishanjun project, mean-
ing mountainside homes
in Chinese, a half-hour drive
from downtown Hangzhou
during the three-day Dragon
Boat Festival holiday that
ended June 2.
More than 50 of the at least
100 units eligible for the buy-
back were sold, exceeding the
projects total sales in the rst
ve months of the year com-
bined, according to the com-
panys President Xiao Jixiao.
The ve-year buyback
helped a lot of people who
wanted to buy make up their
minds, Xiao told Zhejiang
Online in an interview, ac-
cording to a video posted on
the news website afliated
with the Communist Partys
local commission in the east-
ern province of Zhejiang.
The purchasing power in the
market remains very strong.
The Shanghai-based devel-
oper declined to comment
when contacted by phone.
Chinas property market
downturn this time will be
more prolonged than the last
two corrections, Tom Byrne,
a senior vice president at
Moodys Investors Service,
said at a conference in Shang-
hai June 19. A 10 per cent
drop in property sales and
building construction will
lower the countrys economic
growth rate to between 5 per
cent and 6 per cent, he said.
A man looks on at the construction of apartment buildings in China. Chinas home sales slumped 10.2 per
cent in the rst ve months of this year from the same period a year earlier. BLOOMBERG
China developers offer buyback
Consultancy Announcement
Program Evaluaton
The NGO Forum on Cambodia is a membership organizaton consistng
of local and internatonal NGOs. It exists to coordinate and equip
members, networks of NGOs, and other civil society organizatons to
actvely engage in policy dialogue, debate, and advocacy with and for
poor and vulnerable people in Cambodia.
The NGO Forum on Cambodia has implemented programs actvites
based on the 6-year strategic plan 2012-2017. Following by the 3-year
acton plan 2012-2014 has been developed and implemented to ensure
eectve and ecient programs implementaton and contributon to
the long-term goal of the organizaton as stated in 6-year strategic plan
The 2014 is the end of the 3-year acton plan 2012-2014 and mid-
term of the 6-year strategic plan 2012-2017. To ensure the quality
of programs implementaton, the NGO Forum is seeking a qualied
consultant team to conduct a Programs Evaluaton to evaluate the
achievements of the NGO Forum acton plan 2012-2014, which consists
of Environment, Development Issues, Research Informaton Center
and Land and Livelihoods program, provide recommendatons, as well
as lessons learnt. The results will contribute to the design of the next
3-year acton plan 2015-2017.
The evaluaton will cover all program components of the NGO Forum on
Cambodia such as Development Issues Program, Environment Program,
Land and Livelihood Program, Research and Informaton Centre, plus
gender mainstreaming in these programs. Furthermore, to study the
eectve communicaton approaches toward advocacy.
The Evaluaton Coordinator will have: proven experience in NGO
evaluaton; a degree in a development-related eld, preferably at
Masters level or higher; Proven experience evaluaton on strategic
advocacy of key development issues, environment, and land
management; In dept knowledge of NGOFs 4 programs; at least ten
years experience in development work, preferably including experience
in Cambodia; at least ve years experience in advocacy or NGO
networking; strong cross-cultural understanding; excellent listening
skills; excellent analytcal skills; and excellent writng skills in English.
The Local Consultant will have: proven experience and expertse in
conductng evaluatons and surveys; good English-Khmer translaton
skills; a good understanding of the NGO community in Cambodia,
specically civil society networks and membership organizatons; and
strong analytcal and communicaton skills.
Qualied and interested consultant teams shall submit CVs, Cover leter
(previous program evaluaton experiences), Proposal, and Budget to the
NGO Forum via e-mail: no later than 10
July 2014
(5:00 pm). For more details about the NGO Forum and ToR please visit our
website: Only short-listed team will be contacted.
Consultancy Announcement
The NGO Forum on Cambodia is a membership organizaton consistng
of local and internatonal NGOs. It exists to coordinate and equip
members, networks of NGOs, and other civil society organizatons to
actvely engage in policy dialogue, debate, and advocacy with and for
poor and vulnerable people in Cambodia.
Systematc land registraton (SLR) was initally conducted under the
donor funded Land Management and Administraton Project (LMAP),
which originally focused on 10 provinces and the capital, Phnom Penh.
This project has since ended, but SLR contnues to operate under
LASSP and actve in 15 of Cambodias 24 provinces, plus the capital.
There were high levels of exclusion from the SLR process and there
were also a number of disputes involving high numbers of households
in the urban villages in Phnom Penh. These exclusions were observed
to have taken place in the absence of any clear legal process. The legal
framework for SLR contains no legal provisions for excising areas from
adjudicaton areas because they are too complex to adjudicate, and
thus it is not clear what legal justcaton there is for such exclusions.
As there is lacking of the document and comprehensive report
related to the exclusion from systematc land registraton program
and its impact on local livelihoods; therefore, the NGO Forum on
Cambodia and World Vision Cambodia have developed partnership
and been seeking a qualied consultant team to conduct a study on
The Exclusion of the Urban Communites from the Systematc Land
Registraton in Phnom Penh.
Qualicaton Requirements:
Proven experience in extensive social research, policy and law
analysis and land registraton process within or outside Cambodia
is necessary;
Advanced degree or master degree in community development,
land management, law analysis or related subjects;
Substantve knowledge on development issues especially on land
issue background, land dispute and land registraton process in
Cambodia context is a must;
Excellent communicaton and writng skills and the ability to
communicate at all levels;
Excellent in the usage of computers and oce sofware packages.
Qualied and interested consultant team shall submit CVs, Cover
leter (previous research topics), Research proposal, and Budget to
the NGO Forum no later than 10
July 2014 (5:00 pm) via e-mail: job@ For more details about the NGO Forum and ToR
please visit our website: Only short-listed team
will be contacted.
Workers operate on a building site
overlooking Jakarta on June 17.

Average Thai salary to
increase by 5.4 per cent
THAI companies are expected
to give average salary
increases this year of 5.4 per
cent over 2013 as
management pays more
attention to retaining staff
instead of recruiting new
employees, according to an
international human resource
consulting firm. The company
surveyed 2,000 people in
management at over 400 firms
across 18 countries for its
Asia-Pacific salary budget
planning report and found the
regional average increase is
projected at 6.9 per cent over
last year. This prediction is
lower than the last survey in
September 2013, when the pay
rise was estimated at 7.1 per
Myanmar puts off plans
fto improve its airports
MYANMAR has deferred plans
to improve its domestic
airports as the country is
concentrating on upgrading
international airports, a
senior Myanmar Department
of Civil Aviation official said
yesterday. The Myanmar
government last year mooted
plans to lure local and foreign
developers to join plans to
improve 30 domestic airports
including managing them.
The three airport projects will
take several years to
complete. BANGKOK POST
MYANMARS quarterly
trade decit reached over
$1.4 billion (45.5 billion
baht), as the economy con-
tinues to open up to foreign
investment, the government
said yesterday.
The value of exports during
April-June was more than $2.2
billion, but $3.6 billion was
spent on imports, the Central
Statistical Organisation said.
Due to the decrease in ex-
ports of timber, sheries and
mineral products, Myanmar
is likely to suffer a trade de-
cit for the whole year, said
Maung Maung Lay, vice chair-
man of the Union of Myanmar
Federation of Chambers of
Commerce and Industry.
The decit grew by $1 billion
compared to the same period
last year, according to govern-
ment data.
The countrys main exports
are agricultural and farm
products, minerals, timber,
industrial products and oil
and gas. Myanmar relies
heavily on imported ma-
chinery, consumer products,
commodities and raw mate-
trade decit
rises amid
Thai consumer prices ease
HAILANDS headline
ination eased last
month after hitting
a 14-month high in
May due largely to the military
governments steps to control
energy and goods prices.
The consumer price index
based on 450 items rose by
2.35 per cent year-on-year in
June after a 2.62 per cent in-
crease in May, the Commerce
Ministry said in a report.
Higher prices were found in
175 product items including
white rice, pork, fresh poul-
try, eggs, nished food and
detergent, while 191 items
saw prices unchanged and 84
items such as glutinous rice,
fresh vegetables and fruit and
fuel had their prices lowered.
Local inationary pres-
sure eased in June thanks to
the close watch on the coun-
trys cost of living by the Na-
tional Council for Peace and
Order (NCPO), said Ampa-
won Pichalai, an adviser to
the ministry.
The NCPOs measures in-
cluded a freeze on the prices
of diesel and cooking gas for
household use, a price reduc-
tion for petrol and gasohol
and working with businesses
to control prices of hundreds
of goods until November.
On a month-on-month ba-
sis, prices were 0.1 per cent
higher in June, while prices
in the rst six months of the
year surged 2.23 per cent
from the same period in
2013, driven by higher pric-
es for nonalcoholic drinks
and food, particularly meat,
poultry and sh, fruit and
vegetables, eggs and dairy
products, seasonings and
nished food.
Core ination, which ex-
cludes fresh food and fuel
prices and is based on 312
products and services, also
eased to 1.71 per cent year-
on-year in June compared
with its 17-month high of 1.75
per cent in May.
In the rst six months, core
ination rose by 1.45 per cent
year-on-year, within the Bank
of Thailands target range of
0.5 per cent to 3 per cent.
Ms Ampawon said the min-
istry expects Thailands ina-
tion will average 2.5 per cent
in the third quarter and 2.56
per cent in the fourth quarter.
For the full year, ination
is forecast to average 2.4 per
cent, with the ministry main-
taining its ination target of 2
per cent to 2.8 per cent.
Ms Ampawon said the min-
istry was also committed to
proceeding with measures
aimed at cutting consumers
cost of living in order to spur
local consumption and cut
trade obstacles. BANGKOK POST
People browse market stalls outside the Siam Center shopping mall in Bangkok in January 17.
Ination has eased recently due to the military governments measures. BLOOMBERG
In brief

Poland shortlists bids

for defence contract
POLAND said on Monday it
had shortlisted US manufact-
urer Raytheon and French-led
consortium Eurosam as bid-
ders for a contract to build its
air defence system, which local
media say is worth $7.9 billion
across 10 years. The Defence
Ministry said in a statement
that Polands defence group
PHO would partner up with the
winning bidder, to be
announced by the end of the
year. The Eurosam consortium
is made up of French group
Thales and the European
defence firm MBDA. AFP
ExxonMobil to invest
$1 billion in Europe
EXXONMOBIL is to invest $1
billion in an existing refinery in
Antwerp, Belgium, it said
yesterday, despite adverse
market conditions and falling
demand for energy in Europe.
The US energy giant said it
intends to install a new unit at
the site which will convert heavy
crude into diesel and marine
fuel, a market it believes will
grow in the long term. AFP
Google streams into
music with Songza
GOOGLE on Tuesday revealed
that it has bought Songza, a
free online streaming music
service that recommends
tunes based on what people
might be in the mood to hear.
Unconfirmed online reports
valued the deal at around $15
million. Were thrilled to
announce that were becoming
part of Google, Songza said
on its website. AFP
Indias Modi aims to get national railway back on track
London house prices surge at fastest pace since 1987
INDIAS new government will next
week roll out plans to overhaul its
sprawling rail network, dubbed the
lifeline of the nation, which analysts
say needs hundreds of billions of dol-
lars of investment.
Two days before Prime Minister
Narendra Modis new administration
presents its first budget, a separate rail
finance bill will be presented to parlia-
ment on Tuesday following a recent
controversial fares hike.
The countrys railway system is one
of the biggest in the world, stretching
from the foothills of the Himalayas to
the southern beaches.
But observers say it has been
neglected by successive governments
over the past three decades of rapid
economic growth during which car
ownership has surged and low-cost
airlines have mushroomed.
Im very glad the government is
addressing the chronic logistics prob-
lem, said Arvind Mahajan, an infra-
structure specialist at KPMG. It has a
lot of work to cover.
Still the main form of long-distance
travel for most of Indias 1.2 billion
population, around 23 million people
travel by train every day.
However, some services are booked
up for weeks in advance and over-
crowding especially in the lower-
class carriages which lack air-condi-
tioning means rail travel is often a
miserable experience.
The network has a dreadful safety
record with a government report in
2012 putting the number of deaths
each year at nearly 15,000.
As for freight, endemic delays make
it sometimes impossible for business-
es to predict when goods will arrive.
Under the previous centre-left coali-
tion, the main governing Congress
party was happy to leave the railways
ministry in the hands of a junior part-
ner which showed little inclination
to push reforms.
While fares remained low, the min-
istrys losses grew higher and it was
haemorrhaging some $150 million a
month by the time Modis right-wing
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) trounced
Congress in Mays general election.
In a speech last month outlining the
governments priorities, President
Pranab Mukerjee said modernisation
and revamping of railways is on top of
the infrastructure agenda.
Echoing similar pledges in the BJP
manifesto, the speech included prom-
ises to improve safety, expand services
in the remote northeast and build a
network of freight corridors for farm
produce. The government then hiked
passenger fares 14.2 per cent and
freight rates 6.5 per cent the steepest
rise in 15 years.
Although there was a subsequent
partial climbdown, Finance Minister
Arun Jaitley said India must decide
whether it wants a world-class railway
or a ramshackled one.
Mahajan said reducing government
subsidies on the railways would help
it meet inflation reduction targets.
The government now needs to edu-
cate people . . . that subsidies will not
help bring prices down, but rather
shoot them up, he said.
D. H. Pai Panandiker, who heads the
Delhi-based RPG Goenka Foundation
think-tank, said Modi who as a boy
helped his father sell tea on a platform
wanted the railways to stop being a
strain on resources.
Modi sees the railways network as
a commercial enterprise and he real-
ises that it must make both ends meet
and cant remain subsidised forever,
he told AFP. All this hue and cry over
the hike is politics and the common
man knows this. AFP
LONDON home prices jumped
the most in 27 years in the sec-
ond quarter as Nationwide
Building Society warned that
Bank of England measures to
cool the UK property market
wont stem further gains in the
short term.
Values in the capital surged
26 per cent in the three months
through June from the same
period a year earlier, the biggest
increase since 1987, Britains
third-largest mortgage lender
said in a statement. At an aver-
age 400,404 ($686,700), prices
in the city stand 30 per cent
above their 2007 peak.
On top of improving econom-
ic growth and record-low bor-
rowing costs, demand for hous-
ing in London is being fuelled
by cash-rich buyers and foreign
investors. While moves by the
BOE last week to prevent Brit-
ains property market from
overheating are unlikely to have
a significant impact in the near
term, the rate of increases in
London may have topped out,
according to Robert Gardner,
Nationwides chief economist.
The annual pace of growth
in the capital will probably
start to slow in the quarters
ahead, given the high base for
comparison from the third
quarter of 2013 onward, Gard-
ner said. There is also anec-
dotal evidence from surveyors
and estate agents that activity
may be starting to moderate,
he went on to say.
London home prices rose 7.6
per cent in the second quarter
from the previous three
months, more than double the
UK average of 2.9 per cent, the
lender said.
The London borough of Lam-
beth saw the strongest annual
gains in the city in the second
quarter, with prices up 37 per
cent, followed by Camden with
a 36 per cent increase.
National prices rose 1 per
cent in June from May, the 14th
month of increases, to an aver-
age 188,903, Nationwide said.
That took the annual gain to
11.8 per cent, the fastest year-
on-year rise since 2005.
Booming demand for prop-
erty saw construction growth
accelerate in June, according to
figures published yesterday. An
index of housing activity com-
piled by Markit Economics
increased to 66.6 from 62.7 in
May, the second-highest read-
ing in more than a decade.
The threat of a property spiral
prompted the BOE last week to
introduce measures to prevent
an unsustainable buildup of
consumer debt, with Governor
Mark Carney saying housing
poses the biggest risk to the
economic recovery.
The BOEs Financial Policy
Committee said it will limit the
proportion of mortgages
advanced by lenders at 4.5
times income to no more than
15 per cent of new lending. The
panel also said banks must
decline loans to borrowers who
fail a stress test based on the
BOE benchmark rate rising to 3
per cent from a record-low 0.5
per cent currently.
Those decisions are unlike-
ly to have a significant impact
on housing transactions or the
pace of price growth in the
near term, Gardner said. Offi-
cial action should help to
limit the risk of house prices
becoming detached from
earnings without derailing the
recovery in the wider housing
The annual pace of growth in
the capital will probably start
to slow in the quarters ahead
Eurozone jobless rate in decline
Alex Pigman
in the eurozone
continued to fall
in May, but at a
slower pace, raising fears
that a fragile economic re-
covery in the single currency
bloc could be stalling.
The eurozone unemploy-
ment rate stood at 11.6 per
cent in May, the Eurostat
statistics agency said. There
were 28,000 fewer job seekers
than a month earlier.
A mild recovery continues
but it is still leaving many peo-
ple behind, said European
Employment Commissioner
Laszlo Andor.
A total 18.552 million people
remained unemployed in the
18-member eurozone in May,
down 636,000 from the level a
year earlier.
The agency said the jobless
rate was unchanged from the
level a month earlier, though
it was a slight drop from an
earlier estimate of 11.7 per
cent for April.
Unemployment in the eu-
rozone still varies alarmingly
from region to region.
Unemployment rates in
the periphery are still strato-
spherically high, said Jessica
Hinds of Capital Economics
with Greece at 26.8 per cent
and Spain at 25.1 per cent.
She added that falls in Ger-
many and Spain were offset by
rises in France and Italy, with
any future recovery in the la-
bour market likely to remain
painfully slow.
Over 12 months, the sharpest
declines were seen in Portugal,
where the unemployment rate
fell from 16.9 per cent to 14.3
per cent and Ireland, down
from 13.9 per cent to 12.0 per
cent. More falls were to be
expected in countries that
pushed through reform, said
economist Christian Schulz of
Berenberg Bank.
We expect eurozone un-
employment to continue
its gradual decline over the
coming months and year,
with reformed former crisis
countries leading the way
and France falling behind
unless it starts more serious
reforms, Schulz said.
Unemployment in Germa-
ny as measured by Eurostat
remained low, staying at 5.1
per cent, however Germanys
own data showed a more
mixed picture.
Berlins measurement re-
mained at 6.7 per cent for
June, when analysts had ex-
pected a fall.
The unemployment rate
among youths in the eurozone,
a huge concern in Europes cri-
sis-hit countries, dipped by 0.2
points over the month to 23.3
per cent in May.
Over 12 months, the number
of youths without work has
fallen by 205,000 to 3.356 mil-
lion people.
Across the 28-member Eu-
ropean Union, 25.18 million
were jobless in May, with the
unemployment rate dipping
by 0.1 points over the month
to 10.3 per cent.
Manufacturing data re-
leased separately on Tuesday
also hinted that the recovery
in the eurozone may be losing
A key survey of the manufac-
turing sector which was taken
in June was revised downward
with a decline in activity in
France deepening.
The European Central Bank,
which decides policy on
Thursday, has cut its interest
rates into negative territory in
the hope of boosting lending
and pushing ination back to
the banks target of nearly 2.0
per cent. AFP
Visitors browse company stands during the Connecticum job fair for graduates and young professionals in
Berlin on May 6 (above); a graph (right) of unemployment rates of each European country. BLOOMBERG / AFP
Brian Womack and Mark Milian

OOGLE Inc is on a mission
to make its Android mo-
bile software ubiquitous.
In a series of announce-
ments in June at its annual developer
conference, Google unveiled a new
version of the software for handsets
and tablets and showed it in use in
smartwatches, cars and a new televi-
sion service. That puts Android, al-
ready the worlds top operating sys-
tem for smartphones, not only into
gadgets that people carry with them
wherever they go, but also increas-
ingly into their living rooms, onto
their bodies and in how they trans-
port themselves.
The Web-search giant is expanding
Android as an underlying software
foundation as it ramps up against
Apple, and others to be
a digital gatekeeper to consumers.
The more that Google can connect
devices, vehicles and other items
with its software, the more likely it
is that consumers will stick with the
company for all their needs.
Rivals like Apple as well as Amazon
are also pushing to tie more services
and devices together. Earlier this
month, Apple showed how its iOS
software for the iPad and iPhone and
its Mac operating system are increas-
ingly working together, with a cus-
tomer able to answer a call to an iP-
hone on his or her iMac. Apple is also
looking to get into smartwatches to
broaden its product ecosystem.
Google is looking to add new fea-
tures as well, including 3-D technol-
ogies for mobile phones and tablets.
The effort, called Project Tango, will
be included in a device from LG Elec-
tronics Inc next year. The technolo-
gies can help users easily render 3-D
images of a home and also offer new
opportunities for games and other
applications, he said.
With Apple already in the TV and
car space and rumored to be attack-
ing wearables, Google doesnt want
developers to have any excuse to
choose Apples ecosystem over An-
droid, Carl Howe, an analyst with
the Yankee Group, wrote in an email.
The inclusive approach extended
into a battery of new gadgets and ar-
eas where Android will play. Google
announced new smartwatches at the
event, with one from LG Electronics
that had apps loaded onto it and that
is available through Googles Play on-
line store. Some of the watches have
capabilities that enable it to be used
as a remote control for other devices.
Samsung Electronics Co, which has
been offering smartwatches with
its Gear lineup some of which are
based on competing software called
Tizen also has a new Android-based
watch called Gear Live.
Google also unveiled plans to get
the software into the living room
through an effort called Android
TV. While the Mountain View, Cali-
fornia-based company has already
introduced software for televi-
sions and the Chromecast dongle
for streaming Web content to TVs,
more devices will debut later this
year featuring the software, Google
said. Sony Corp., Sharp Corp, LG and
Asustek Computer Inc will be among
the partners for Android TV.
Google also rolled out Android
Auto, a bid to get more of its software
into cars. The effort follows the Janu-
ary rollout of the Open Automotive
Alliance, a partnership with carmak-
ers focused on Android. Android
Auto will bring digital tools and me-
dia into vehicles, with capabilities
for tailored maps. Developers will be
able to use a software development
kit to create apps for cars Some cars
will begin including Android Auto by
the end of the year.
Android will also work more eas-
ily with Chrome OS, another Google
operating system used in inex-
pensive laptop-like devices called
Chromebooks. Google unveiled new
tools to tie the two together, includ-
ing deeper integration with Android
apps from smartphones so that its
simpler to access a program such
as note-taking service Evernote on a
Googles push to get Android ev-
erywhere still faces hurdles with de-
velopers, who need to be persuaded
to create programs for the initiatives.
I dont run out and jump into any
of this stuff because I need to see that
theres going to be a market around
it, said Todd Moore, whose three-
person development studio, Tmsoft
Llc, makes a popular sleep-aid app
called White Noise. Most developers
are cautious when a new platform or
new app store is created because we
want to wait and see if theres going
to be widespread adoption before we
put forth effort. BLOOMBERG
Thailand Vietnam
Singapore Malaysia
Hong Kong China
Japan Taiwan
Thai Set 50 Index, Jun 30
FTSE Straits Times Index, Jun 30 FTSEBursaMalaysiaKLCI, Jun 30
Hang Seng Index, Jun 30 CSI 300 Index, Jun 30
Nikkei 225, Jun 30 Taiwan Taiex Index, Jun 30
Ho Chi Minh Stock Index, Jun 30
2,164.56 23,190.72
1,878.59 3,240.52
578.07 999.62
South Korea Philippines
Laos Indonesia
India Pakistan
Australia New Zealand
KOSPI Index, Jun 30 PSEI - Philippine Se Idx, Jun 30
Laos Composite Index, Jun 30 Jakarta Composite Index, Jun 30
BSE Sensex 30 Index, Jun 30 Karachi 100 Index, Jun 30
S&P/ASX 200 Index, Jun 30 NZX 50 Index, Jun 30
29,738.70 25,527.43
4,877.91 1,301.53
6,826.61 1,999.00
Android here, Android there
Attendees visit Android application booths during the Google I/O conference in San
Francisco in May 2011. BLOOMBERG
International commodities
Item Unit Base Average (%)
Gasoline R 5250 5450 3.81 %
Diesel R 5100 5200 1.96 %
Petroleum R 5500 5500 0.00 %
Gas Chi 86000 76000 -11.63 %
Charcoal Baht 1200 1300 8.33 %
Construction equipment
Item Unit Base Average (%)
Rice 1 R/Kg 2800 2780 -0.71 %
Rice 2 R/Kg 2200 2280 3.64 %
Paddy R/Kg 1800 1840 2.22 %
Peanuts R/Kg 8000 8100 1.25 %
Maize 2 R/Kg 2000 2080 4.00 %
Cashew nut R/Kg 4000 4220 5.50 %
Pepper R/Kg 40000 24000 -40.00 %
Beef R/Kg 33000 33600 1.82 %
Pork R/Kg 17000 18200 7.06 %
Mud Fish R/Kg 12000 12400 3.33 %
Chicken R/Kg 18000 20800 15.56 %
Duck R/Kg 13000 13100 0.77 %
Item Unit Base Average (%)
Steel 12 R/Kg 3000 3100 3.33 %
Cement R/Sac 19000 19500 2.63 %
Food -Cereals -Vegetables - Fruits
Cambodian commodities
(Base rate taken on January 1, 2012)
Crude Oil (WTI) USD/bbl. 105.76 0.39 0.37% 3:41:38
Crude Oil (Brent) USD/bbl. 112.57 0.21 0.19% 3:41:05
NYMEX Natural Gas USD/MMBtu 4.42 -0.04 -0.94% 3:42:36
RBOBGasoline USd/gal. 304.74 0.41 0.13% 3:41:40
NYMEX Heating Oil USd/gal. 297.99 0.46 0.15% 3:41:39
ICEGasoil USD/MT 918.75 0 0.00% 3:41:27
CBOT Rough Rice USD/cwt 13.54 -0.03 -0.22% 3:41:39
CME Lumber USD/tbf 333.8 -2 -0.60% 21:51:43
Majeda El-Batsh

ager was reportedly
kidnapped and killed
yesterday, triggering
violent clashes in east Jeru-
salem, in an apparent act of
revenge for the murder by mil-
itants of three Israeli youths.
The killing was denounced
by the Palestinian leadership,
which said it held Israel re-
sponsible and demanded the
government of Israeli Prime
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
act to prevent revenge attacks.
Netanyahu also con-
demned the despicable
murder and ordered inves-
tigators to work as quickly
as possible to track down
the perpetrators, while urg-
ing both sides not to take the
law into their own hands.
Israels army radio said the
teenager was forced into a
black car while hitchhiking
in east Jerusalem and that a
body was later found in a for-
est in the western part of the
city, describing it as a sus-
pected revenge attack.
Shortly after dawn, crowds
of angry Palestinians began
gathering outside the teen-
agers home in Shuafat, with
clashes erupting around 8am
(0500 GMT) when stones
were hurled at police, who re-
sponded with sound bombs
and rubber bullets, a corre-
spondent and police said.
Clouds of black smoke rose
into the sky as hundreds of
masked Palestinians faced off
with Israeli police in riot gear.
At least 35 people were injured
by rubber bullets, among them
at least six journalists, the cor-
respondent said.
Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat
denounced the murder and
called for calm. This is a hor-
rible and barbaric act which I
strongly condemn, he said in
a statement, urging all parties
to exercise restraint.
Tensions have soared
across the region since June
12 when three Israeli teenag-
ers disappeared while hitch-
hiking in the West Bank.
Their bodies were found on
Monday, with Israel blaming
Hamas for the triple killings
and vowing to hit the Isla-
mist movement hard.
The murders triggered
calls for revenge, with more
than 200 Israelis rampaging
through Jerusalem on Tuesday
evening, surging onto the light
rail and dragging people out of
cars in the middle of the road,
chanting Death to Arabs,
police and witnesses said.
A Palestinian worker in Mc-
Donalds was also attacked by
a masked youth during the
evening, police said.
Early yesterday, police re-
ceived reports about a person
being forced into a car in Beit
Hanina prompting a wide-
spread search that resulted
in the discovery of a body in
the Jerusalem forest by Givat
Shaul, which is in west Jeru-
salem, spokeswoman Luba
Samri said.
Police have not yet con-
rmed a link between the
kidnapping and the body, nor
have they publicly identied
the victim, but Walla news
website quoted Public Secu-
rity Minister Yitzhak Aharon-
ovitch as saying there was a
connection. Family members
named the missing boy as
16-year-old Mohammed Abu
Khder from Shuafat neigh-
bourhood, which is next door
to Beit Hanina.
Ansam Abu Khder, one of
the teenagers cousins, said
witnesses had written down
the cars licence plate and that
police were examining CCTV
footage. We knew about
Mohammeds kidnapping by
three israelis just before the
dawn prayers. A witness saw
them and took down the li-
cence plate, he said.
We hope that the body they
found is not my cousins body.
The police took his father ear-
ly in the morning to identify
the body and we still havent
heard back from him.
Outside, Israeli special forces
were lined up along the street,
and stationed on roofs while
Palestinian youths darted
across the road, as police red
stun grenades, rubber bullets
and rubber-coated metal bul-
lets, correspondents said.
The families of the three
murdered Israeli teenagers,
who were buried on in an
emotionally charged funeral
on Tuesday, issued a statement
condemning the incident.
If the Arab youth was mur-
dered because of nationalistic
motives then this is a horrible
and horrendous act, it said.
There is no difference be-
tween Arab blood and Jew-
ish blood. Murder is murder.
There is no forgiveness or jus-
tication for any murder.
In a separate development,
suspected Jewish extremists
set re to the ground oor of
a house in the West Bank vil-
lage of Aqraba near Nablus,
police said.
On the walls was Hebrew
grafti reading Revenge of
the Jews and Mohammed is
dead in reference to the Mus-
lim prophet. AFP
IRAQS Prime Minister Nuri
al-Maliki offered a general
amnesty yesterday in a rare
conciliatory move to undercut
support for militants whose
offensive has overrun swathes
of territory and threatens to
tear Iraq apart.
The offer comes after a far-
cical opening to the new par-
liament, despite international
leaders urging Iraqs fractious
politicians to unite to help
combat insurgents, as the
military struggles to seize the
initiative on the ground.
International leaders have
warned Iraqs politicians
there was no time to waste,
while the head of a power-
ful jihadist group that led
the militant advance urged
skilled professionals to ock
to help its newly proclaimed
pan-Islamic state.
Malikis surprise move,
made in his weekly televised
address, appeared to be a bid
to split the broad alliance of
jihadists, loyalists of executed
dictator Saddam Hussein and
anti-government tribes that
has captured large chunks of
ve provinces, displacing hun-
dreds of thousands of people.
I announce the provision of
amnesty for all tribes and all
people who were involved in
actions against the state but
who now return to their sens-
es, excluding those involved
in killings, Maliki said.
It was not immediately clear
how many people the amnesty
could affect, but analysts have
said some form of political
reconciliation will be neces-
sary to persuade Sunni Arabs
angry with the Shia-led gov-
ernment to turn against their
co-religionists and jihadists.
The vast majority of Iraqs
Sunni Arab minority do not
actively support the Islam-
ic State (IS) jihadist group
spearheading the offensive,
but analysts say anger over
perceived mistreatment by
the authorities means they
are less likely to cooperate
with the security forces.
Malikis announcement
came a day after an eagerly
awaited opening to the Coun-
cil of Representatives de-
scended into chaos and ended
in disarray as lawmakers trad-
ed heckles and threats.
In another sign of domestic
political discord, Maliki yes-
terday rejected an assertion
by the autonomous Kurdish
region that its control of dis-
puted territory is here to stay.
On the ground, Iraqi forces
were struggling to break a
stalemate with militants af-
ter initially wilting before the
militant onslaught.
They have since performed
more capably, albeit with limit-
ed success. The cost, however,
has been high. Nearly 900 se-
curity personnel were among
2,400 people killed in June, the
highest gure in years, accord-
ing to the UN.
Thousands of troops, backed
by tanks, artillery and air cov-
er, have made limited progress
in retaking Tikrit which fell on
June 11, with a highly publi-
cised operation appearing to
have hit difculties.
They are advancing slowly
because all of the houses and
burned vehicles [en route to
the city] have been rigged
with explosives, and militants
have deployed lots of roadside
bombs and car bombs on the
side of the roads, said Ahmed
Abdullah Juburi, governor of
Salaheddin province of which
Tikrit is the capital.
Juburi said it would be days
before security forces could
make a concerted push into
the city. AFP
Iraq PM offers amnesty
to turn tide of offensive
A Shia cleric holds the Quran as
300 volunteers join the al-Mun-
tazar Brigade to ght jihadists. AFP
Riots as Palestine teen killed
in apparent act of revenge
Israeli security forces clash with Palestinian protesters
in the Shuafat neighbourhood in Israeli-annexed Arab
East Jerusalem yesterday. AFP
Japanese wailing
Crying MP
an internet

47-YEAR-OLD provincial
politician was rapidly
becoming an internet
phenomenon in Japan yester-
day after crying like a toddler
as he tried to explain his profli-
gate use of public funds.
Television talk shows carried
looped footage of a press
conference in which Ryutaro
Nonomura wails and bangs
his fists on the desk as tears
stream down his face.
The assemblyman shouts
incoherent excuses in between
gut-wrenching sobs, punc-
tuated by the long intakes of
breath necessary to power the
next outburst. Nonomura is
suspected of misusing three
million yen ($30,000) of official
allowances. According to
media reports, he spent the
money on 195 trips he made to
four locations in one year, in-
cluding 106 visits to the same
hot spring resort, all without
producing a receipt or a report.
One YouTube post had been
viewed half a million times by
yesterday afternoon. AFP

Thailand fuelling Africa

elephant crisis: group
THAILANDS out of control
ivory market is driving Africas
elephant poaching crisis,
conservationists warned
yesterday, accusing the
kingdom of backsliding on its
pledges. The number of ivory
products on sale in Bangkok
nearly trebled from 5,865 in
January last year to 14,512 in
May 2014, according to the
wildlife group TRAFFIC.
Thailand, a known hub for the
illegal trade in tusks from Africa,
has come under pressure to
ban the sale of ivory from
domestic elephants. This legal
trade is blamed for easing the
smuggling of ivory into Thailand
from other countries, most of
which is made into ornaments
or taken to China and Vietnam
where tusks are used in
traditional medicine. AFP
Malaysia to return envoy

wanted in NZ sex case
MALAYSIA will send a diplomat
back to New Zealand to face an
attempted rape charge, the
Foreign Ministry said yesterday,
as a diplomatic storm erupted
over the case. Muhammad
Rizalman Ismail, a former
defence staff assistant at
Malaysias High Commission
(embassy) in Wellington,
escaped prosecution on
attempted rape and burglary
charges and returned to
Malaysia in May after his
country invoked diplomatic
immunity. But in an about-turn
the Foreign Ministry said
Muhammad Rizalman would be
sent back to assist in the
investigation. AFP
Xi to discuss North Korea in Seoul
Five-hundred arrested after huge HK protest
HINESE President
Xi Jinping heads for
South Korea today
on a closely watched
state visit, stepping into the
political and security thicket
of the Korean peninsula for
the rst time as leader with
Pyongyangs nuclear program
high on the agenda.
The two-day visit under-
scores the personal ties Xi has
developed with South Korean
President Park Geun-hye,
who visited China last year.
In contrast, Beijing the
Norths traditional ally has
not had a summit with Pyong-
yang since the December
2011 death of its then-leader
Kim Jong-il.
The rule of his son and suc-
cessor Kim Jong-un has so far
been characterised by belli-
cosity and provocation.
Yesterday North Korea
launched two short-range
rockets off its east coast,
South Korea said, the third
such action in the past week,
sparking an indirect expres-
sion of concern from Chinas
Foreign Ministry.
We hope parties concerned
can do more things which can
be conducive to defuse the
tension on the Korean penin-
sula and to make joint efforts
to safeguard the peace and
stability of the peninsula,
spokesman Hong Lei told a
regular brieng.
Previously, Kim has had his
own uncle Jang Song-Tthaek
seen as Chinas primary
point of contact with the re-
gime executed in a purge,
and threatened nuclear war
against the US.
The last Chinese head of
state to go to Pyongyang was
Hu Jintao in 2005, and no
visit by Kim Jong-un to Bei-
jing has ever been ofcially
conrmed. There is clear
tension between Kim Jong-
un and Xi Jinping, said John
Delury, an expert on China at
Yonsei University in Seoul.
But the gloves are still on,
he added, saying they were
leaving room for improve-
ment in their relationship.
Chinese ofcials were quick
to deny that the decision for
Xi to go to the South rather
than the North was a snub
to Pyongyang. Chinese Vice
Foreign Minister Liu Zhen-
min, brieng reporters on
the visit on Tuesday, insisted
it is not targeted at any third
country, adding: China
maintains friendly and coop-
erative relations with all our
He hinted, however, at Chi-
nas growing frustration with
North Korea over its nuclear
The Korean Peninsula nu-
clear issue has been troubling
countries in the region and
the international commu-
nity for many years, Liu said,
adding that Xi and Park will
address it in their talks, and
it will be reected in a joint
Under Xi, Chinas central
government appears to be
very worried by its North
Korean neighbour, not nec-
essarily by the nature of the
system but the instability of
the current leader, Alice Ek-
man, a China researcher at
the French Institute of Inter-
national Relations, said at a
lecture in Beijing yesterday.
Xis visit to South Korea
also comes after Japan on
Tuesday approved a reinter-
pretation of its constitution
to allow the countrys mili-
tary to aid allies in battle, a
landmark change to its de-
cades-long pacist position.
Chinas Liu said that Japan
was likely to come up at the
summit, given that both his
country and South Korea
were victims of Japanese
militarism in the past.
Whenever ofcials, let
alone leaders, of both coun-
tries have talks with each
other they would naturally
mention the militarist histo-
ry of Japan, he said. AFP
Continued from page 1

quickly restore transportation and
order in the Central core nancial
district, Hong Kongs Security Min-
ister Lai Tung-kwok told reporters.
Lai said police carried out the arrests
in a professional manner and with
maximum restraint.
Discontent in Hong Kong is at its
highest level in years over Beijings in-
sistence that it vet candidates before a
vote in 2017 for the citys next leader.
Pro-democracy group Occupy Cen-
tral has said it will stage a mass sit-in in
Central later this year unless authori-
ties come up with acceptable electoral
reforms. Hong Kong enjoys liberties
not seen on the mainland, including
free speech and the right to protest,
but there are heightened fears that
those freedoms are being eroded.
Concerns increased in June when
Beijing published a controversial
white paper on Hong Kongs future
that was widely seen as a warning to
the city not to overstep its bounds.
After the document was published,
nearly 800,000 people took part in an
unofcial referendum calling for resi-
dents to have a say in the nomination
of candidates for chief executive in the
2017 election. Beijing branded the vote
illegal and invalid.
Tens of thousands of marchers on
Tuesday carried banners with slogans
including We want real democracy
and We stand united against China.
Beijings state-run China Daily said
Tuesdays march proved that Hong
Kongs citizens have continued to
enjoy rights and freedoms since the
handover. But dissidents were trying
to hijack political reform with regards
to the process for electing the chief ex-
ecutive and had resorted to unlawful
activities to pursue their goal, it said,
in a reference to the referendum.
Pro-democracy activists condemned
the arrests.
There was no violence and there
was no confrontation with the police,
why should some 500 people be ar-
rested? former number two ofcial in
Hong Kongs government, Anson Chan
said. Police now have made citizens
feel that they are against them.
Amnesty International urged author-
ities to release detainees uncondition-
ally. This was not an illegal assembly;
it was a peaceful and legitimate protest
under international law. The police ac-
tion was hasty and unnecessary and
sets a disturbing precedent, said Ma-
bel Au, Amnestys Hong Kong director.
China has promised to let all Hong
Kong residents vote for their next lead-
er in 2017, instead of the 1,200-strong
pro-Beijing committee that currently
chooses the chief executive.
But Beijing says candidates must be
approved by a nominating committee,
which democracy advocates fear will
mean only pro-China gures are al-
lowed to stand.
The US supported calls for Hong
Kongs voters to be given a say in who
can run in 2017. We believe that the
legitimacy of this [next leader] will
be enhanced if universal suffrage is
fullled and if the election provides
a genuine choice of candidates that
are representative of the voters will,
said State Department spokeswoman
Marie Harf.
Hong Kongs pro-reform Apple Daily
newspaper welcomed Tuesdays rally,
which saw huge crowds pour onto
clogged streets despite soaring humid-
ity and rainstorms, as a repeat of the
03 miracle.
In that year half a million people
took to the streets against a national
security bill that was later shelved.
Rally organiser Johnson Yeung
said at least 510,000 protesters joined
Tuesdays rally. Police said 98,600
people took part.
One of those marching, the chair-
man of the Hong Kong post ofce
union, Ip Kam-fu, said he joined the
rally to protect the next generation,
accusing the citys government of
kowtowing to Beijing.
This march is not for us, its for our
children. Without universal suffrage
theres no way to monitor the govern-
ment, he said. AFP
Xi Jinping talks with former South Korean president Lee Myung-bak (right) on a visit to Seoul as Chinese
vice president on December 17, 2009. AFP
Japan PM says military shift of historic signicance
JAPANS prime minister has
likened the relaxation of the
strict rules on the countrys
military to the seismic shift of
the Meiji Restoration a
moment widely understood as
the birth of the modern nation
a report said.
The comments emerged on
Tuesday after Shinzo Abe pro-
claimed Japans powerful mili-
tary had the right to go into
battle in defence of allies, so-
called collective self-defence,
in a highly contentious change
in the nations pacifist stance.
The conservative premier,
who has long cherished a desire
to beef up Japans armed forces,
faced massive opposition from
a population deeply wedded to
the principle of pacifism that
underpins its identity.
He had sought in public to
play down the shift, which he
said was a necessary update to
better protect Japan in a region
dominated by an increasingly
assertive China and worried by
an erratic North Korea, which
yesterday lobbed rockets into
the Sea of Japan (East Sea).
But talking to senior officials
of his Liberal Democratic Party
(LDP) he said collective self-
defence is as significant as the
Meiji Restoration, Jiji Press
reported on Tuesday, without
citing sources. The 1868 Meiji
Restoration marks the begin-
ning of modern Japan, when it
cast off more than two centu-
ries of feudalism under samu-
rai warriors in which foreign
travel was banned and ports
were closed to outsiders.
It saw the emperor return to
pre-eminence at the pinnacle
of the state and heralded the
coming of rapid industrialisa-
tion that would lead to the
ultimately-thwarted imperial
ambitions and the disaster of
World War II. Asked to expand
on the prime ministers com-
parison, Deputy Chief Cabinet
Secretary Katsunobu Kato
demurred, but did not deny it
had been made.
I decline to comment on it
. . . as the comment was not
made in a public arena nor was
recorded, he said.
However, the prime minister
has said on various occasions,
including at the press confer-
ence yesterday, that we protect
peoples lives and peace what-
ever happens, Kato added.
Chinas state-run media
launched a broadside against
the relaxation of rules, casting
it as a threat to Asian security.
The Japanese government
is eager to break through the
post-war system, wrote the
ruling Communist Partys
flagship Peoples Daily news-
paper in an editorial penned
under the name Zhong
Sheng, a homophone for
Voice of China.
It called the Abe govern-
ments move a dangerous sig-
nal, as well as a wake-up call.
South Korea expressed unease
about Japans change, which it
characterised as a serious alter-
ation of its pacifist policy, and
called on Tokyo to abandon
historical revisionism.
The US welcomed the
change, which it said was a
right under the UN Charter to
collective self-defence. AFP

Former lover throws
doubt on Knox alibi
AMANDA Knoxs former lover
threw doubt on her alibi for
murder on Tuesday, saying a
court ruling that found the pair
guilty of killing a British student
proved they were not together at
the time of the crime. Raffaele
Sollecito unveiled his new
defence strategy as the pair
prepare to appeal their
convictions next year for the
bloody murder of Knoxs former
roommate, Meredith Kercher.
Sollecito said he had always
believed that Amanda Marie
Knox is innocent. But in a
statement written in pretrial
detention, she makes no
mention of Sollecito, which his
defence invokes as proof he was
not present at the scene. Knox
later recanted this version of
events, saying she had written it
under police pressure. AFP
Indian lawmaker sorry

for rape of rivals threat
AN INDIAN lawmaker
apologised on Tuesday after he
was filmed threatening the rape
of his political rivals relatives, in
what he said was a gross error
of judgement. If CPI-M
(Communist Party of India
Marxist) tries to kill and
intimidate our workers . . . I will
not spare them. I will let loose
my men to rape your women,
he said in an address to
followers in late May that was
filmed on a phone. AFP
backed by tanks
and ghter-bomb-
ers yesterday
pressed with a renewed of-
fensive against pro-Kremlin
insurgents that has drawn
Russian ire but also vital US
The return of all-out ghting
in Europes worst security cri-
sis in nearly two decades set
off a new international scram-
ble to dampen hostilities in
the strategic ex-Soviet state.
A diplomatic source said the
Russian and Ukrainian foreign
ministers were to meet their
counterparts from Germany
and France in Berlin later yes-
terday in a bid to nd some
common ground that could
establish a long-term truce.
But Ukrainian leaders said
their military operation was
progressing with a resolve to
stand up to what they see as
a last-ditch Russian effort to
halt their new westward drive.
The armed forces and the
National Guard are continu-
ing an aggressive offensive
against terrorists and crimi-
nals, parliament speaker
Oleksandr Turchynov told
lawmakers. Our soldiers ac-
tions are sufciently effective
and productive. The border
guard service in Kiev said mi-
litias killed one Ukrainian sol-
dier and wounded four others
in separate mortar re attacks
along the Russian border. It
was the rst casualty reported
by Kiev in the second stage of
the low-scale war. Regional
ofcials on Tuesday had also
conrmed the deaths of four
civilians in a roadside attack
on their bus.
Ukrainian President Petro
Poroshenko on Monday took
the risky step of contradicting
his European allies for the rst
time since his May 25 elec-
tions by ripping up a 10-day
ceasere. The decision was
followed with the militarys
announcement of a massive
operation in the east designed
to pound the rebels into sub-
mission and end the countrys
worst crisis since indepen-
dence through force.
Russian President Vladimir
Putin said Poroshenko now
bore full responsibility for the
deaths that would follow in
an offensive that has already
claimed more than 450 lives in
11 weeks.
The warning appeared de-
signed to show that Putin had
until now been willing to work
with the new Ukrainian leader
despite the February ousting
of a pro-Kremlin administra-
tion in what Moscow branded
a coup.
Putin and Poroshenko had
spoken by phone regularly
before the ceasere in a bid
to draft a joint peace plan that
could normalise the neigh-
bours relations.
But tensions between Mos-
cow and Kiev now appear
ready to soar again a worry-
ing turn of events for Europe-
an leaders who will face added
pressure to unleash sanctions
against Russia that would likely
hurt their own economies.
Poroshenkos order to re-
launch the eastern campaign
was met with a deafening si-
lence in European capitals.
But Washington immediately
rallied to the Kievs defence
with a vigour reecting the
Cold War-like chill that has re-
cently enveloped its relations
with the Kremlin.
President Poroshenko put
in place a seven-day ceasere.
He abided by it. He extended
it for three days, but the fact
remained that the separatists,
many of them were not adher-
ing to it, and he has a right to
defend his country, said US
State Department spokes-
woman Marie Harf.
The Ukrainian forces have
a responsibility to defend their
territory and their people. And
what they are seeing is ag-
gression by Russian-backed
separatists that they have an
obligation to respond to.
An EU diplomat said on
Tuesday that the EU was pre-
paring new punitive measures
that for the moment stopped
short of an all-out restriction
of the 28-nation blocs banks
from working with their Rus-
sian counterparts.
But the source added that
the EU was not yet ready to
target entire sectors of Russias
economy a step now being
weighed in Washington and
only preparing to extend its
punitive measures quantita-
tively and qualitatively.
Putin had appeared in past
weeks to soften his public
approach to Ukraine in the
face of the Western sanctions
threat. He had pressed for di-
rect negotiations and a long-
term truce. Western powers
had also reported a signicant
withdrawal of Russian forces
from the border with Ukraine.
But he has refused to meet
the main Western demand
of calling on the rebels to lay
down their weapons and re-
linquish control of roadblocks
and border crossings across
Lugansk and Donetsk. AFP
Kiev presses offensive with US support
Pro-Russian militants rest after storming of the regional police station
in the centre of Donetsk on Tuesday. AFP
Nigeria army says Islamist cell
broken up as attacks increase
Cannibal cop walks free from jail
NIGERIAS military said it had broken up a
Boko Haram cell that masterminded the kid-
nap of more than 200 girls in April, hours before
a bomb blast struck a busy market in Maidug-
uri, the capital of the Islamist insurgents home
state of Borno. In the rst public arrest over
the abductions, which sparked international
outrage, police said on Tuesday that they had
detained Babuji Yaari, the cells ringleader who
participated actively in the kidnappings of
the Chibok schoolgirls.
Babuji Yaari has been coordinating several
deadly attacks in Maiduguri since 2011, includ-
ing the daring attacks on customs and military
locations as well as the planting of IEDs [impro-
vised explosive devices] in several locations in
the town, said a defence ministry spokesman.
He said Yaari, a businessman who sells tri-
cycles, had lived a double life as a member of
a civilian vigilante group, whose numbers have
grown as Boko Harams bloody campaign to
impose a Muslim caliphate enters its fth year.
A soldier said that the vast majority of Civil-
ian JTF members named after the elite army
Joint Taskforce spearheading the ght against
the militants were neither vetted nor trained
in counterinsurgency tactics. They are very
good at giving us information because many
of the Boko Haram members are people they
know, people who have grown up with them,
the Maiduguri-based soldier said.
But the fact of the matter is that they are not
professionals anyone can go and join them
and we have no way of knowing what that per-
son really believes.
Two women were also arrested in the military
swoop. One, named as Hafsat Bako, is accused
of coordinating the ghters pay. In her confes-
sion, she disclosed that a minimum of 10,000
naira [$68] is paid to each operative depending
on the enormity of his task, the army said.
A suicide bomber struck Maiduguris Monday
market during the early morning rush hour.
The attack was in the area where villagers
come from [the interior] to sell charcoal. There
were so many dead people, a resident said.
Boko Haram has stepped up attacks in the
week leading up to Ramadan, and less than a
year ahead of elections. A bomb in a medical
school in the northern capital of Kano has left
eight dead, while a barrack attack killed sev-
eral dozen. On Sunday, ghters killed at least
30 in four churches just a few kilometres from
A FORMER New York police-
man found guilty of plotting
to kidnap, kill and eat women
including his wife was re-
leased from jail on Tuesday
by a federal judge who over-
turned his conviction.
The trial of 30-year-old
Gilberto Valle dubbed the
cannibal cop gripped the
Big Apple and fanned global
headlines, exposing the lurid
world of cannibal fantasists.
He was convicted in March
2013 and faced life in prison,
but was freed from jail just 21
months into his sentence be-
cause of lack of evidence.
Valle scoured websites cater-
ing to the fetishes of so-called
death porn enthusiasts and
detailed his plans to abduct
women, boasting he would
torture, kill and eat them.
He drew up a detailed list of
his potential victims, including
friends and his wife, the moth-
er of his child, who eventually
turned him in to the Federal
Bureau of Investigation and
testied against him in court.
But in a 118-page ruling,
US District Court Judge Paul
Gardephe said no matter how
disturbing Valles deviant
and depraved fantasies may
have been, no actual crime
took place.
At a brief Manhattan court
hearing, where prosecutors
said they would appeal, the
judge ordered Valle released
to home detention on a
$100,000 bond.
He ordered Valle to re-
main at his mothers home
in Queens until the appeal
is heard, wear an electronic
monitoring band, be barred
from using the internet and
undergo a mental health ex-
He is not allowed to leave
New York. AFP
Successful People Read The Post.
Job Announcement
The Phnom Penh Post is an independent media company in Cambodia
and is seeking qualied candidates to ll the position of reporter as
Lifestyle Sub-editor: 1 position
Job requirements:
Bachelors degree in journalism or an equivalent degree -
At least 2 (two) years experience in Media -
Knowledge of media law and professional ethics -
Those who specialize in certain area such as tourism, travel, -
entertainment and leisure news are highly welcomed.
Very good in Khmer and English, Speaking and Writing -
Computer literacy (must be able to type Khmer Unicode well) -
Available to work in a high pressure environment -
Interested candidates should submit their cover letter and CV to the
human resource ofce of The Phnom Penh Post at the below address:
Post Media Co. Ltd, #888, Floor 8, Building F, Phnom Penh Center,
Corner of Sothearos and Preah Sihanouk boulevards, Sangkat Tonle
Bassac, Khan Chamkarmon, Phnom Penh or through email address:; Tel: 023 214 311 or Fax: 023 214 318
Deadline: July 16, 2014
Note: Only short-listed candidates will be contacted for interview.
REBELS from northern and
eastern Syria yesterday threat-
ened to lay down their arms
in a week if the countrys ex-
iled opposition does not help
them ght the jihadist Islamic
State (IS).
We, the leaders of the bri-
gades and battalions . . . give
the National Coalition, the
[opposition] interim govern-
ment, the [rebel] Supreme
Military Council and all the
leading bodies of the Syrian
revolution a week to send re-
inforcements and complete
aid, the statement said.
Should our call not be
heard, we will lay down our
weapons and pull out our
ghters, it added.
The statement comes three
days after IS declared the es-
tablishment of a caliphate
straddling Syria and Iraq, re-
ferring to an Islamic system of
rule that was abolished nearly
100 years ago
Our popular revolution
[against Syrian President
Bashar al-Assad] . . . is today
under threat because of the
[Islamic State], especially af-
ter it announced a caliphate,
said the statement.
The factions that signed
the statement are local rebel
groups based in Raqa, Deir Ez-
zor and parts of Aleppo prov-
ince where ghting against IS
has been most intense, and
which are now under IS con-
trol. IS rst appeared in Syrias
war in late spring 2013. It has
since taken control of Raqa in
northern Syria, much of Deir
Ezzor in the east, and parts of
Aleppo province.
Rebel groups from those
areas have frequently com-
plained of being poorly funded
even though they are leading
the ght against IS, formerly
known as the Islamic State of
Iraq and the Levant.
The statement comes days
after US President Barack
Obama called on Congress to
approve $500 million to train
and equip the moderate Syr-
ian opposition.
It also follows a visit late last
week by Secretary of State John
Kerry to Saudi Arabia, during
which he said: The moderate
Syrian opposition . . . has the
ability to be a very important
player in pushing back against
[the jihadists] presence.
Some Syrian rebels seeking
Assads ouster initially wel-
comed the war-hardened IS
ghters among their ranks.
But their systematic abuses
and quest for hegemony in
opposition-held areas eventu-
ally turned the rebels against
them and their project.
IS has kidnapped thousands
of Syrians, many of them po-
litical activists and rebels,
and carries out summary ex-
ecutions in areas under its
control. The group has been
bolstered in recent weeks by
an offensive it spearheaded in
neighbouring Iraq, capturing
large swathes of territory as
well as heavy weapons seized
from eeing Iraqi troops.
Syrias war began as a popu-
lar revolt demanding Assads
ouster, but morphed into
a war after his regime un-
leashed a brutal crackdown
against dissent.
Many months into the ght-
ing, jihadists started to pour
into Syria, and in January 2014,
the countrys rebels including
Islamists launched a major of-
fensive against IS. AFP
Syrian rebels will lay
down arms if no aid
to ght IS with arrives
Sarkozy charged with graft
RANCES former pres-
ident Nicolas Sarkozy
has been charged
with corruption and
inuence peddling, French
prosecutors said yesterday, a
dramatic move in a criminal
probe that could wreck his
hopes of a comeback.
The decision came after
Sarkozy was questioned for 15
hours, marking the rst time
a French ex-head of state had
been taken into custody in a
criminal investigation.
The right-wing leader had
been detained at a police sta-
tion in a Paris suburb over a
suspected attempt to illegally
inuence judicial proceedings
in one of a raft of colourful
corruption cases he is impli-
cated in.
After the lengthy question-
ing, the former president was
taken in early yesterday to
appear before a judge, where
he was mis en examen put
under formal investigation
in what amounts to being
charged, based on prelimi-
nary evidence the prosecu-
tion said in a statement. He
was then released while the
investigation went ahead.
If convicted of the charges,
Sarkozy could face a sentence
of up to 10 years in prison.
This situation is serious
and the charges are serious
. . . and furthermore they
concern senior magistrates,
a lawyer and a former presi-
dent, Prime Minister Manuel
Valls said yesterday.
The most important thing
is for the judicial system to be
able to work in a fully indepen-
dent manner and peacefully
and that the presumption of
innocence is respected, Valls
said on BFM television.
The prime minister denied
suggestions that Sarkozy
was being hounded by the
Socialist government. Its
not us who are asking these
judges to launch investiga-
tions, he said.
Sarkozys longtime lawyer
Thierry Herzog and a magis-
trate, Gilbert Azibert taken
into custody a day earlier
alongside another magistrate
were both charged with
inuence peddling in a late
night court appearance, their
respective lawyers said.
Investigators suspect
Sarkozy tried to obtain inside
information from one of the
magistrates about conden-
tial proceedings in an illegal
election campaign nancing
case, and that he was tipped
off by a senior gure when
judges tapped his phones.
Sarkozy, 59, has faced vir-
tually nonstop legal battles
since he left ofce follow-
ing his defeat by Socialist
candidate Francois Hollande
in the 2012 presidential vote.
He had been expected to at-
tempt a political comeback in
time for the next presidential
poll in 2017, but those plans
could be torpedoed after be-
ing charged in this case.
He vehemently denies any
wrongdoing, and his allies
denounced what they see as a
witch-hunt against their man.
The case was launched af-
ter judges looking into the
alleged nancing of Sarkozys
2007 election campaign
by former Libyan dictator
Muammar Gadda obtained
an unprecedented and con-
troversial authorisation to tap
the former presidents phones
from April 2013.
After four fruitless months
they discovered Sarkozy had
a secret phone registered un-
der an assumed name, and
recordings from that device
led to the opening of the inu-
ence peddling investigation.
At the root of the case are the
allegations that Sarkozy was
helped to victory in the 2007
election with up to 50 million
($70 million at the time) from
Gadda and envelopes stuffed
with cash from Frances rich-
est woman, LOreal heiress Lil-
iane Bettencourt.
He dismisses the Gadda
claims as ridiculous in light of
his leading role in the dicta-
tors 2011 overthrow, and he
was acquitted last year of tak-
ing Bettencourts money.
The Gadda investigation is
ongoing, as are several other
cases in which Sarkozy has
been implicated. They in-
clude a long-running probe
into allegations he helped
organise kickbacks from a
Pakistan arms deal before be-
coming president.
In the last month, Sarkozy
has also been linked to a
scandal over the funding of
his campaign for re-election
in 2012.
The leader of his UMP par-
ty was forced to resign after
it emerged that 10 million
($13.6 million) spent in sup-
port of Sarkozy had been
passed off as party expenses.
Sarkozy denies any knowl-
edge or involvement in the
apparent fraud, which is now
subject to another criminal
French judges have in re-
cent years shown their readi-
ness to go after former leaders
with their successful pursuit
of Sarkozys predecessor as
president, Jacques Chirac.
Chirac was convicted in
2011 on corruption charges
related to his time as mayor of
Paris, but was excused from
attending his trial because
of ill health and was given a
two-year suspended prison
term. AFP
Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy leaves his home in Paris on
July 2. AFP
Burqa ban ruling: All I want is to live in peace
tions have expressed shock after the
European Court of Human Rights
(ECHR) ruled that France has the
right to ban women from wearing the
full-face veil in public in the interests
of everyone living together.
The judges ruled that the contest-
ed ban affected a group of Muslim
women but did not take away their
freedom to wear in public clothing or
items that did not hide their faces.
The law, active in France and Bel-
gium and known as the burqa ban,
was introduced in 2010 and makes
it illegal for anyone to cover their
face in a public place. Lawyers for
the French government had argued
successfully at the court in Stras-
bourg that the ban applied also to
balaclavas and hoods.
Law student Stephanie Lecuyer, 39,
who lives in Nice with her daughter,
and who wears a niqab in public af-
ter converting to Islam 21 years ago,
said: I am so upset. So upset. I didnt
expect the court to lift the ban, but I
hoped they would modify the law.
Perhaps now is not the time to
comment. Its all too raw and emo-
tional. Im still in shock. Ive been
wearing the niqab for many years
and all I want is to live in peace. Its
never been an obstacle for me in my
life. I know the clothing is not seen as
moderate, but I am very moderate.
If I need to show my face for secu-
rity reasons, I do so. It has never been
a problem. Surely there are more
important things happening in the
world, terrible things in the name of
religion, some of those things in the
name of Islam, but all more impor-
tant than this?
Tuesdays case was brought by a
24-year-old Frenchwoman, who was
not named but was described as be-
ing of Pakistani origin, who wore
the burqa, which covers the entire
head and body, and the niqab, which
leaves only her eyes uncovered.
The court admitted the general ban
could appear to be an overreaction
to a small problem and said it was
extremely worried by the Islamo-
phobic declarations made during the
parliamentary debate.
The complainant, identied only
by the initials SAS, was described as
a perfect French citizen with a uni-
versity education . . . who speaks of
her republic with passion.
Isabelle Niedlispacher, represent-
ing the Belgian authorities who in-
troduced a similar full-face veil ban
in 2011 and who were party to the
French defence, declared the burqa
and niqab incompatible with the
rule of law. Aside from questions of
security and equality, she said: Its
about social communication, the
right to interact with someone by
looking them in the face and about
not disappearing under a piece of
clothing. The French and Belgian
laws were aimed at helping every-
one to integrate.
The ECHR has already upheld
Frances ban on headscarves in ed-
ucational establishments, and its
regulation requiring the removal of
scarves, veils and turbans for secu-
rity checks. Tuesdays legal decision
came a few days after Frances high-
est court, the Cour de Cassation,
upheld the ring of a female creche
worker for serious misconduct after
she arrived for work wearing a veil.
The woman has said she will appeal
against the decision to the ECHR.
Jonathan Birchall, of the Open
Society Foundations established
by billionaire nancier George So-
ros, said: We are all rather shocked
by todays burqa ban ruling . . . the
court seems to have invented a new
legal concept to justify the ban.
He said German and Swedish
judges at the ECHR had already
made scathing rulings on the liv-
ing-together concept, declaring it
far-fetched and vague.
The concept of living together
does not fall directly under any of
the rights and freedoms guaranteed
within the [human rights] conven-
tion, they wrote. It is true that liv-
ing together requires the possibility
of interpersonal exchange. It is also
true that the face plays an important
role in human interaction. But this
idea cannot be turned around, to
lead to the conclusion that human
interaction is impossible if the full
face is not shown.
This is evidenced by examples
that are perfectly rooted in European
culture, such as the activities of ski-
ing and motorcycling with full-face
helmets and the wearing of cos-
tumes in carnivals. Nobody would
claim that in such situations [which
form part of the exceptions provided
for in the French law] the minimum
requirements of life in society are not
respected. People can socialise with-
out necessarily looking into each
others eyes. THE GUARDIAN
A woman in a burqa shops in Afghanistans Herat province on March 8. AFP
Rain men
Indian Hindu Brahmins perform rituals to appease the rain god on the outskirts of Ahmedabad on Tuesday. Many regions of India are fearing a
lack of rain, but the Indian Metrological Department is hopeful of more rains in July and August. AFP
AS MUCH as 88 per cent of the
open oceans surface contains
plastic debris, raising concern
about the effect on marine life
and the food chain, scientists
said this week.
Mass-produced plastics
from toys, bags, food contain-
ers and utensils make their
way into the oceans through
storm water runoff, a problem
that is only expected to get
worse in the coming decades.
The ndings in the Proceed-
ings of the National Academy
of Sciences are based on more
than 3,000 ocean samples
collected around the world
by a Spanish science expedi-
tion in 2010.
Ocean currents carry
plastic objects which split
into smaller and smaller
fragments due to solar radia-
tion, said lead researcher
Andres Cozar from the Uni-
versity of Cadiz.
Those little pieces of plas-
tic, known as microplastics,
can last hundreds of years and
were detected in 88 per cent
of the ocean surface sampled
during the Malaspina Expedi-
tion 2010.
The study projected that
the total amount of plastics
in the worlds oceans be-
tween 10,000 and 40,000
tonnes is actually lower
than previous estimates.
However, it raised new con-
cerns about the fate of so
much plastic, particularly the
smallest pieces.
The study found that plastic
fragments between a few mi-
crons and a few milimetres in
size are underrepresented in
the ocean surface samples.
More research is needed to
nd out where these are go-
ing and what effects they are
having on the worlds ma-
rine life.
These micro plastics have
an inuence on the behaviour
and the food chain of marine
organisms, Cozar said.
But probably, most of the
impacts taking place due to
plastic pollution in the oceans
are not yet known. AFP
Up to 88 per cent of seas
sullied by plastic: report
Tsunami Great Wall of Japan divides villagers
Yeti, Big Foot debunked: DNA reveals the bear facts
Justin McCurry

HEN Masahito Abe
looks out at the sea that
killed 40 of his neigh-
bours just over three
years ago, he is certain of one thing:
at some point, perhaps long after he
is gone, the ocean will again unleash
a terrifying wave on his village.
Like dozens of other communi-
ties along the northeast coast of
Japan struck by the March 2011
earthquake and tsunami, Koizu-
mi is now a wasteland. Grass and
weeds grow where homes once
stood. On the beach, a man digs for
shellsh near the remains of a soli-
tary gutted building.
No one will return to live in the
low-lying neighbourhood of Koizumi
in Miyagi prefecture, home to 60 per
cent of the 19,000 people who died
in the disaster. But if the government
gets its way, this abandoned strip of
land will be made tsunami-proof as
part of a $8.5 billion plan to defend
370 kilometres of coastline with hun-
dreds of towering concrete walls.
The scale of the project, referred
to by detractors as the Great Wall
of Japan, is staggering even by the
standards of a country where much
of the coastline is already protected
against storms and erosion by con-
crete walls.
Under government plans, hatched
months after the disaster, 440 walls
are to be built in the worst-hit pre-
fectures of Fukushima, Miyagi and
Iwate. But while Japans construc-
tion industry relishes the prospect
of a huge payday courtesy of its allies
in the governing Liberal Democratic
party, opposition among residents is
gathering momentum.
We want the government to
change the shape of the coast, and
redesign it so a tsunami would have
minimal impact, not just build a lot
of walls, said Abe, a primary school
teacher in Koizumi who moved his
family to a hilltop 20 years ago in an-
ticipation of a deadly tsunami.
Debate over the sea wall has proved
so divisive among the villages 1,800
residents now spread out among
eight temporary housing complexes
that some fear it will derail attempts
to revive the village three years after
the disaster wiped it from the map.
I dont want the sea wall issue to
divide people here, said Yoshitaka
Oikawa, a local assembly member. I
can see the debate is already weak-
ening their determination to rebuild
their village together.
By the end of the year, Koizumis
displaced will have moved into
homes being built in an area carved
into a mountaintop two miles from
the coast. The 14.7-metre (48ft)
wall below will do little more than
protect rice paddies, at a cost of
$230 million.
Its madness,said Abe, who wants
the area to be an eco park. Yet many
of his former neighbours appear
content to leave tsunami defences
in the hands of the authorities. The
attitude seems to be that if the walls
have already been planned and bud-
geted for, why interfere? Abe said.
Christian Dimmer, an assistant
professor in the urban studies de-
partment at Tokyo University, shares
Abes concerns, but believes many
residents were left with little choice
when offered premium rates for their
land by the government. In Koizumi
there are people who are happy to
sell their land for seawall construc-
tion, he said. [They thought] they
couldnt do anything else with their
land and needed the money to re-
build their lives elsewhere.
Those campaigning against the
wall have few allies. Yoshihiro Mu-
rai, the governor of Miyagi, is in
favour, while the prime minister,
Shinzo Abe, told a recent residents
forum that walls offered the best
protection against a tsunami. His
wife, Akie, has cautiously allied her-
self with the sceptics, warning of the
damage so much concrete could do
to ecosystems and tourism.
The 3,000 people of Fudai village
owe their lives to a 15-metre wall
that was dismissed as a waste of
money when it was built, at the then
mayors insistence, in the 1980s. But
it was the exception. Most sea walls
provided inadequate protection
against the March 2011 tsunami.
In Kamaishi, the waves simply
smashed through the citys sea wall,
then the largest in the world. Con-
crete barriers offered little or no re-
sistance, and may even have caused
deaths among people lulled into
thinking they were safe.
Sea walls have the potential to
save lives wherever they are built,
provided the tsunami does not ex-
ceed the simulated height and runup
pressures, Dimmer said. The prob-
lem is you cant predict how high the
next tsunami will be, so sea walls can
never give you 100 per cent security.
There will always be a risk, no matter
how high you build them.
Campaigners estimate it will take
Japans taxpayers a quarter of a cen-
tury to pay for sea wall construction,
which could eventually cover 9,000
miles of the countrys coastline. But
the debate is about more than cost.
Until each locality decides whether
to proceed with the plan, no con-
struction can begin on sites consid-
ered vulnerable to tsunamis.
I dont want the rest of the world
to think of Japan as a concrete for-
tress, said Abe. The tsunami was a
force of nature, so I can forgive it the
destruction and misery it caused. But
for humans to ruin their own envi-
ronment . . . I can never forgive that.
FOR those who believe in the
yeti, the news can only be de-
scribed as, well, abominable.
Science has cast its methodi-
cal eye on samples of hair re-
puted to have been left by the
Himalayan snowman of leg-
end . . . and determined they
came from a bear or a goat.
Similarly crushing disap-
pointment lies in wait for
those who believe in Big Foot,
the yetis North American
counterpart: in the almasty,
the elusive man of the Central
Asian wastes; and in the orang
pendek, a bipedal hominid
reputed to roam the moun-
tainous forests of Sumatra.
The evidence, reported in
the British journal Proceed-
ings of the Royal Society B,
comes from DNA testing of
hair samples attributed to
anomalous primates, a neu-
tral term for these creatures
of legend.
The probe added the re-
power of biotechnology to a
debate that has been raging
for decades.
On the one hand, numer-
ous reports including witness
and footprint evidence, point
to the existence of large un-
identied primates in many
regions of the world, its au-
thors said.
On the other, no bodies or
recent fossils of such crea-
tures have ever been authen-
ticated, they said. Modern
science has largely avoided
this eld.
Theories for sightings
of yeti and company have
ranged from surviving Ne-
anderthals and other minor
branches of the human fam-
ily tree, to a species of giant
ape, Gigantopithecus.
The investigators, led by
University of Oxford genetics
professor Bryan Sykes, sent
out a request in May 2012 to
museums and individual col-
lectors including renowned
mountaineer Reinhold Mess-
ner with samples of hair
that reputedly came from
anomalous primates.
They received 30 hair sam-
ples in good enough shape
to allow gene sequencing.
Three were said to be from
yetis. One of these was found
to have come from a South-
east Asian goat called a serow
(Capricornis sumatraensis).
The other two one from
Ladakh in India and the other
from Bhutan threw up an in-
triguing link in the DNA bank
with . . . Ursus maritimus,
or the polar bear. The hairs
likely came from a distant
descendant of the polar bear
or a local cross with a brown
bear, the scientists suggested.
If these bears are widely
distributed in the Himalayas,
they may well contribute to
the biological foundation of
the yeti legend, especially if,
as reported by the hunter who
shot the Ladakh specimen,
they behave more aggressively
towards humans than known
indigenous bear species.
Eight samples attributed to
the almasty came variously
from the brown bear (Ursus
arctos), or from cows, horses
and racoons. A single sample
thought to have came from
an orang pendek was traced
to a Malaysian tapir (Tapirus
The 18 Big Foot samples
were found to have a wide
range of real world sources,
ranging from the American
black bear, raccoon and cow
to a porcupine and either a
wolf, coyote or dog.
Perhaps the biggest disap-
pointment was a Big Foot
tuft in Texas which turned out
to have come from a hairy hu-
man a European, judging by
the genetic match.
The authors throw down the
gauntlet to the cryptozool-
ogy community those who
believe in the existence of
fabulous, hidden creatures
to show convincing evidence
to back their assertions.
The techniques described
here put an end to decades
of ambiguity about species
identication of anomalous
primate samples and set a
rigorous standard against
which to judge any future
claims. AFP
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IECES of paper have a poor
reputation among political
realists, and history is lit-
tered with the torn-up frag-
ments of solemn treaties. Seventeen
years after a tearful Chris Patten, the
last colonial governor of Hong Kong,
sailed away on the royal yacht Bri-
tannia in July 1997, two pieces of
paper are in contention, and
theyre sparking an increasingly
bitter confrontation over the right
of Hong Kongs people to choose
their own government.
More than 700,000 people voted
for that right last week in an unof-
ficial referendum which was
organised by Occupy Central, a
pro-democracy movement found-
ed in 2013. And on Tuesday tens of
thousands took to the streets in
Hong Kongs largest pro-democra-
cy rally in more than a decade.
The referendum was denounced
as an illegal farce by mainland
newspaper Global Times; ballot box-
es and papers intended for use in
the referendum were seized; the
online poll came under repeated
cyber attack; and every mention of
the referendum, and of Occupy
Central, has been scrubbed from
the Chinese internet.
Occupy, though, is determined to
secure a voting system that meets
international standards, and says it
will bring traffic to a standstill in the
central business district if asking
nicely does not work. It is supported
in its aims, if not always in its tac-
tics, by a broad range of democrat-
ic interests in Hong Kong, many of
whom point out that they are ask-
ing for no more than what the Chi-
nese government has promised but
failed to deliver.
At the heart of the confrontation
is the joint declaration, the 1985
agreement between the UK and
China, and a white paper pub-
lished by the Chinese government
last month. China and Britain reg-
istered the declaration at the Unit-
ed Nations as a legally binding
treaty. Along with the mutually
agreed basic law, which came into
effect in 1997, it pledged to guar-
antee Hong Kongs continuing lib-
erties, rights and way of life for 50
years, during which time Hong
Kong would run its own affairs
under Deng Xiaopings formula of
one country, two systems.
As a British colony, Hong Kong
never enjoyed universal suffrage,
but this was subsequently prom-
ised in elections for both the chief
executive and the legislature half
of whose members are elected by
elite special interest groups that
include bankers and lawyers. Bei-
jing has repeatedly delayed the
introduction of a fully democratic
system and, critics say, steadily
expanded its inf luence in Hong
Kongs affairs.
This creeping control has pro-
voked increasingly frequent con-
frontations on the streets. The issue
has come to a head over the condi-
tions for the next legislative elec-
tions in 2016, and elections for chief
executive in 2017. Beijing wants to
allow only approved candidates who
love China to stand.
The white paper seems to
reinterpret Xiaopings guarantee
of freedoms and to propose,
among other things, that Hong
Kongs judges, as well as its politi-
cal candidates, should be selected
on political criteria.
The paper has provoked such out-
rage that the text has been publicly
burned on Hong Kong streets. For
the veteran politician Anson Chan,
Hong Kongs governability is at
stake, as well as its freedoms. If its
political leaders have lost all credi-
bility, she argues, confrontations
can only escalate.
The growing protests will not only
test Chinas willingness to allow
Hong Kongs people to vote freely
for the candidates they choose, they
will also affect Chinas international
standing. Treaties may be made of
paper, but a sovereign states bind-
ing commitments are more than
just words on a page they influ-
ence whether it can be trusted and
respected in a world that seeks to be
governed by rules rather than force.
If China wants to be seen as a new
kind of great power and a benign
force in the world, honouring sol-
emn promises written on paper is
essential. THE GUARDIAN
Isabel Hilton
A great power we cant trust
Protesters hold up pro-independence placards while hundreds of thousands take part in a pro-democracy rally seeking greater democracy in Hong Kong on Tuesday as frustration
grows over the inuence of Beijing on the city. AFP
Isabel Hilton is chief executive and editor
In brief
Emins unmade bed
sells for $3.8 million
BRITISH artist Tracey Emins
controversial My Bed sold for
2.2 million ($3.8 million),
almost double its guide price, at
an auction in London on
Tuesday. The work, a rumpled
bed surrounded by the intimate
debris of vodka bottles, cigarette
packs and condoms, attracted
controversy when it was
shortlisted for the 1999 Turner
Prize, prompting a debate about
the state of contemporary art.
Among the most well-known
pieces produced by the Young
British Artists generation of
Damien Hirst and Sarah Lucas
that came to prominence in the
1990s, the installation had been
priced at between 800,000 and
1.2 million ahead of the sale at
Christies auction house. AFP
Bollywoods Khan earns
top honour from France
BOLLYWOOD superstar Shah
Rukh Khan was on Tuesday
bestowed with Frances highest
civilian award for his contribu-
tion to cinema. The actor was
honoured as a Knight of the
Legion of Honour by French
Foreign Minister Laurent
Fabius in Indias entertainment
capital Mumbai. There are
different moments in life that
make you feel that you are on
the right track. This is one such
moment, said Khan. AFP
Monty Python return
with silliness, sing-a-long
MONTY Python returned to the
stage for the first time in over
30 years on Tuesday with a
reunion show in London full of
silly jokes and smut and ending
in a mass sing-a-long by 14,000
fans. Opening a 10-night
residency at the 02 arena, the
five surviving members of the
British cult comedy troupe
performed some of their best-
loved sketches and songs to an
adoring crowd. John Cleese,
Michael Palin, Terry Gilliam,
Eric Idle and Terry Jones, now
all in their 70s, went through
more than a dozen costume
changes for a show featuring
live comedy, animation, archive
footage and big musical
numbers. AFP
Morocco rapper given
new jail term for assault
MOROCCAN rapper Lhaqed, a
voice of the February 20 protest
movement who has already
done jail time for defaming the
security forces, was handed a
four-month sentence on
Tuesday for assaulting the
police. The musician, whose
real name is Mouad was
arrested at a football match in
May and accused of drunken-
ness in public, assaulting sec-
urity agents and touting tickets
on the black market. AFP
English National Opera tightens its belt
ENGLISH National Opera is to have its
regular public funding cut by 5 million
($8.6 million) a year, one of the highest-
profile losers in a high-stakes day of fund-
ing announcements that saw hundreds of
arts organisations told of their settlements
for the next three years.
Yesterday was one of the most important
days in the arts calendar as Englands the-
atres, opera and dance companies, orches-
tras, galleries and museums heard how
much Arts Council England would be giv-
ing them from 2015 to 2018.
The ENO, one of the five biggest recipi-
ents of Arts Council cash, had been prepar-
ing for the cut and was not surprised to
hear it will have to survive on 29 per cent
less money. Its annual funding from the
organisation will drop from 17 million
to 12 million.
Other casualties included the Orange
Tree theatre, the Luton-based UK Centre
for Carnival Arts, and the Leeds-based
Red Ladder theatre company just three
of the 58 organisations losing their place
on the national portfolio.
For most arts organisations the news was
at least bearable. Thanks to an injection of
lottery money and a fall in cash for philan-
thropy projects, the council said it was able
to give equal funding to three-quarters of
arts organisations already receiving mon-
ey. It also slightly increased the amount of
national portfolio cash being given to arts
organisations outside London, from 51 per
cent to 53 per cent.
The ENO has been on an artistic high,
but has struggled to meet box office targets.
John Berry, the ENOs artistic director, said:
We have been working for some time with
the arts council to develop a new business
plan which recognises the challenging
funding climate and reduces the cost to
the public purse, while also enabling us to
create an exciting and sustainable future
for ENO and maintain our artistic quality,
ambition and reach, nationally and inter-
nationally. THE GUARDIAN
Dancers reach across time
and borders for inspiration
Eloise Florence

Malaysian cultures
will unite tonight
in an exploration
of the cross-over between
contemporary and classi-
cal dance.
In an event titled The Meeting
of The Contemporary and the
Classical: Between Two Cul-
tures, local choreographer Phon
Sopheap of Amrita Performing
Arts will discuss artistic and
cross-cultural exchanges with
Malaysian choreographer Naim
Syahrazad and dramaturge Lim
How Ngean at Java Arts Cafe.
I wanted to investigate fur-
ther the whole notion of classi-
cal and contemporary dance as
a meeting point, said Lim, who
has worked with Sopheap and
Naim as part of his Choreogra-
phy and Dramaturgy Exchange
Project, which received finan-
cial support from the Malay-
sian government.
I didnt ever intend to have a
full end product. Were just
workshopping. Ive worked with
both of them before, and I
thought pairing the two of them
together would have some
interesting results. And it has.
Attendees will hear from Lim
about his exchange project, and
there will be a short showing of
two scenes the dancers have
been workshopping for the past
three weeks. There will then be
a Q&A-style discussion with
Sopheap, Naim and Lim.
Drawing on their rehearsals
together, Sopheap and Naim
will discuss what they learnt
about one anothers cultures,
histories and the way this has
influenced their dance.
Sopheap said that this experi-
ence showed him how his con-
temporary dance style is shaped
by his daily life in Cambodia.
The way I worked with Naim
helped me to define Khmer
contemporary dance, and to
explore the question Who is
Sopheap? he said. We try to
show that life is dance, and
dance is life. Its not about the
classical anymore. Its about life,
its the contemporary way.
While Naim and Sopheap
choreographed the dances, Lim
acted as dramaturg, a role that
required him to shape and
develop performance art to
ensure that it has a clear and
strong structure.
Lim said he didnt come to
the project with a particular
narrative or theme in mind,
but wanted to explore the per-
sonal histories of the dancers
I started by asking them a
simple question: who are they
really? he said. Are they just
dancers? Do they have an out-
side life? Does that dancer have
a life outside dance?
While both dancers have been
classically trained, Naim has
been trained in contemporary
dance as well something Lim
saw as another meeting point of
two cultures.
I come from a very multicul-
tural country, where art created
from mixing different cultures
is very prevalent, said Lim,
adding that he also wanted to
explore ways to develop classi-
cal art forms without them
becoming like museum pieces
resistant to change.
There was a time when they
were considered modern and
contemporary. They were quite
Sopheap was eager to explore
the differences in Khmer and
Malaysian culture, with particu-
lar emphasis on the ways tradi-
tion affects contemporary art.
Our cultures are really differ-
ent from each other, but they
both have histories of classical
dance, he said. I now think
about how I can bring my tradi-
tion to contemporary dance.
This performance is the first
stage in the Choreography and
Dramaturgy Exchange Pro-
gram, with Sopheap travelling
to Kuala Lumpur to once again
work with Lim and Naim in
early 2015.
Sopheap hopes that tonights
event will show how Cambodias
historical dance culture still
holds relevance today.
I want to show Khmer people
that contemporary dance is
about our life, their everyday
life. Its not just dance it is
something else. Its our life.
This free event begins at
6:30pm downstairs in Java Arts
Caf. All discussions will be in
English with Khmer translation
Phon Sopheap and Naim Syahrazad rehearse during the Choreography and Dramaturgy Exchange Project. LORN SEILBOTH
A scene from the English National Operas production of Die Fledermaus from
September 2013. AFP
roots remain
at Thai college
At Thammasat University sits a statue of Pridi Banomwong, a
statesman regarded as the father of modern Thai democracy. AFP
sity is located on the
east bank of the Chao
Phraya River, which is
plied by cargo ships and plea-
sure boats. It is a distinguished
school, the second-oldest
university in Thailand after
Chulalongkorn University,
and outside the school gate is
a popular shopping street. In
addition to Thammasat stu-
dents, you will often see for-
eign tourists enjoying a stroll
around the campus.
A statue of the universitys
founder and politician Pridi
Banomyong, who is also called
the father of Thai democracy,
looks out from the campus
across the river.
According to Nakharin Mek-
trirat, the vice rector of Tham-
masat, in the early years after
the university was established,
Chulalongkorn University ac-
cepted only 120 students a
year. But Pridi announced that
anyone who wished to study
would be admitted to Tham-
masat University, and in its rst
year, more than 7,000 students
enrolled. Many local politi-
cians and public servants who
had not yet earned degrees en-
rolled in the open university.
The university also pro-
duced the rst bachelors de-
gree granted to a woman in
Thailand. Pridi was beloved
as the man who provided op-
portunity, Nakharin said.
Although he was loved by
students, outside the univer-
sity Pridis life as a politician
was stormy. He played a cen-
tral role in the 1932 Siamese
Revolution that ended the ab-
solute monarchy and opened
the road to democracy.
Pridi subsequently held min-
isterial posts in the new ad-
ministration. However, he was
criticised for his policy of seek-
ing to nationalise farmland a
plan that he had been forming
since his days in France. He
was also suspected of being a
During World War II, he came
into conict with Prime Minis-
ter Plaek Phibunsongkhram,
who approved of the stationing
of the Imperial Japanese Army.
When Pridi became prime
minister after the war, King
Rama VIII (the elder brother
of the current King Bhumibol
Adulyadej) was found dead in
bed, shot between the eyes.
Although the truth of the
case remains unknown, Pridi,
who was said to be republican-
minded, was long suspected of
being involved in the incident.
This placed Pridi in a precari-
ous position and forced him to
go into exile. He lived in exile
in China from 1949 to 1970 be-
fore living in France. Pridi died
in Paris in May 1983. Although
he was all but forgotten after
his exile, there are several pho-
tographs of Pridi chatting with
young students from Thailand
at his Paris home.
With a Buddhist way of
thinking, our father accepted
the fact that he would never
be able to go back home again
as his fate. But he hoped that
Thailand would become a tru-
ly democratic country, and he
was always thinking of ways to
realise that vision, Suda said.
After Pridis exile, Tham-
masat became the ash point
of pro-democracy movements
many times during the sub-
sequent military regimes. The
serious clashes between the
army and citizens in 1973,
1976, and 1992 all started out
as public gatherings in the
small central courtyard of the
university, before growing
into massive demonstrations.
Many students were injured or
killed during these clashes.
Though Pridi has been reap-
praised as a liberal politician
after his death, Thailand is
once again in the midst of po-
litical turmoil. What is true de-
mocracy, and where can it be
found? The people of Thailand
are still struggling, in search of
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5J 258 2.4.7 22:30 02:11 5J 257 2.4.7 19:45 21:30
#90+92+94Eo, St. 217, Sk. Orussey4, Kh. 7 Makara, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Tel 023 881 178 | Fax 023 886 677 |
1 Wed, 08:00 - Thu 16:00 1 Call/week SIN-SHV-SGZ-SIN
2 Thu, 14:00 - Fri 22:00 1 Call/week
3 Fri, 20:00 - Sat 23:59 1 Call/week SIN-SHV-SGZ-SIN
(4 calls/moth)
1 Th, 08:00 - 20:00 1 Call/week
2 Fri, 22:00- Sun 00:01 1 Call/week
(4 calls/onth)
Sun 09:00-23:00 1 Call/week
(4 calls/month)
Sat 06:00 - Sun 08:00 1 Call/week SGZ-SHV-SIN-SGZ
(4 calls/month)
Fri, 08:00 - Sun, 06:00 1 call/week SIN-SHV-SIN
(2 calls/month)
Irregula 2 calls/month BBK-SHV-BKK-(LZP)
34 call/month
BUS= Busan, Korea
HKG= HongKong
kao=Kaoshiung, Taiwan ROC
Kob= Kebe, Japan
KUN= Kuantan, Malaysia
LZP= Leam Chabang, Thailand
NBO= Ningbo, China
OSA= Osaka, Japan
SGN= Saigon, Vietnam
SGZ= Songkhla, Thailand
SHV= Sihanoukville Port Cambodia
SIN= Singapore
TPP= TanjungPelapas, Malaysia
TYO= Tokyo, Japan
TXG= Taichung, Taiwan
YAT= Yantian, China
YOK= Yokohama, Japan
Air Asia (AK)
Room T6, PP International
Airport. Tel: 023 6666 555
Fax: 023 890 071
Cambodia Angkor Air (K6)
PP Ofce, #90+92+94Eo,
St.217, Sk.Orussey4, Kh.
7Makara, 023 881 178 /77-
718-333. Fax:+855 23-886-677
Qatar Airways (Newaddress)
VattanacCapital Tower, Level7,
No.66, PreahMonivongBlvd,
Sangkat wat Phnom, KhanDaun
Penh. PP, P: (023) 963800.
#90+92+94Eo, St. 217,
Sk. Orussey4, Kh. 7 Makara,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
T:023 881 178 | F:023 886 677
Dragon Air (KA)
#168, Monireth, PP
Tel: 023 424 300
Fax: 023 424 304
Tiger airways
G. oor, Regency square,
Suare, Suite #68/79, St.205,
Sk Chamkarmorn, PP
Tel: (855) 95 969 888
(855) 23 5515 888/5525888

Koreanair (KE)
Room.F3-R03, Intelligent Ofce
Center, Monivong Blvd,PP
Tel: (855) 23 224 047-9
Cebu Pacic (5J)
Phnom Penh: No. 333B
Monivong Blvd. Tel: 023 219161
SiemReap: No. 50,Sivatha Blvd.
Tel: 063 965487
SilkAir (MI)
Regency C,Unit 2-4, Tumnorb
Teuk, Chamkarmorn
Phnom Penh
Tel:023 988 629
2817 - 16 Tigerairways KA - Dragon Air 1 Monday
5J - CEBU Airways. MH - Malaysia Airlines 2 Tuesday
AK - Air Asia MI - SilkAir 3 Wednesday
BR - EVA Airways OZ - Asiana Airlines 4 Thursday
CI - China Airlines PG - Bangkok Airways 5 Friday
CZ - China Southern QR - Qatar Airways 6 Saturday
FD - Thai Air Asia QV - Lao Airlines 7 Sunday
FM - Shanghai Air SQ - Singapore Airlines
K6- Cambodia Angkor Air TG - Thai Airways | VN - Vietnam Airlines
This ight schedule information is updated about once a month. Further information,
please contact direct to airline or a travel agent for ight schedule information.
MI 633 1, 6, 7 16:35 22:15 MI 633 1, 6, 7 14:35 15:45
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MI 636 3, 2 18:30 21:35 MI 630 5 07:55 11:35
MI 617 5 18:35 21:55 MI 618 5 16:35 17:45
3K 598 .2....7 15:35 18:40 3K 597 .2....7 13:45 14:50
3K 598 ...4... 15:35 18:30 3K 597 ...4... 13:45 14:50
QV 522 10:05 13:00 QV 512 06:30 09:25
8M 402 1. 5 20:15 21:25 8M 401 1. 5 17:05 19:15
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K6 130 1-3-5 12:55 13:55 K6 131 1-3-5 11:20 12:20
Thinking caps
1 Poes middle name
6 Some children
10 Delivered
14 Site of Tahrir Square
15 Make a long story short?
16 Per unit
17 Part of some British toasts
20 Celestial bear
21 Release, as a dog
22 Shakespeares Richard ___
23 Tarry
24 Red dye used in cosmetics
28 Musical hold
30 Matadors milieu
32 More droopy
35 Beak
36 It gets data from a database
40 Summer mo.
41 Tuxedos, usually
42 Two million pounds
45 Some French consonants
49 Nitrogen-based compound
50 Acquire
52 Give the green light
53 Shuns
56 Break, as a horse
57 Its debatable
61 Coffee truck vessels
62 Unit of pressure
63 Givers opposite
64 Verdi opera
65 ___ out a living (scraped by)
66 Grad students grillings
1 Find innocent
2 Metcalf or Anderson
3 ___ wait (prepares to ambush)
4 Bailiwick
5 Persona ___ grata
6 Plant cathartic
7 This is weird, but ...
8 Heading on Santas list
9 Classical colonnade
10 Gentleman of Portugal
11 Enjoy a smorgasbord
12 ATM maker
13 Honor ___ father and ...
18 Helicopter kin
19 Software purchaser
23 Ranking symbol
25 Perform a tune
26 ___ fixe (obsession)
27 Arrest
29 Oh, whats the ___?
30 Minimal money
31 Ballpark figure
33 Small, narrow valley
34 Actor McKellen
36 Hurdle in school
37 Homely fruit?
38 ___ Bator, Mongolia
39 Horse kin
40 Alias preceder
43 City on the Black Sea
44 Another hurdle in school
46 U.S. purchase of 1867
47 Gullivers first name
48 Controls the wheel
50 Romance or mystery, e.g.
51 Bestow
54 Make mention of
55 Tackle box item
56 Old autocrat (Var.)
57 Sine ___ non
58 Mentalist Geller
59 Conclude
60 Who am ___ judge?
Wednesdays solution Wednesdays solution
Hazel and Gus are two teenagers who share an
acerbic wit, a disdain for the conventional, and a love
that sweeps them on a journey. Their relationship
is all the more miraculous given that Hazels other
constant companion is an oxygen tank, Gus jokes
about his prosthetic leg, and they met and fell in
love at a cancer support group. Starring Shailene
City Mall: 9:45am, 3:05pm, 9:25pm
Tuol Kork: 12:40pm, 2:30pm, 7:10pm
A mechanic and his family join the Autobots as they
are targeted by a bounty hunter from another world.
Starring Mark Wahlberg and Nicola Peltz.
City Mall: 9:20am, 11:55am, 2:40pm, 5:50pm, 9pm
Tuol Kork: 9:30am, 11:30am, 2:40pm, 5:50pm, 9pm
When Hiccup and Toothless discover an ice cave
that is home to hundreds of new wild dragons and
the mysterious Dragon Rider, the two friends find
themselves at the center of a battle to protect the
peace. With the voices of Cate Blanchett and Gerard
City Mall: 12:30pm, 7:30pm
Tuol Kork: 9:20am, 5pm
Khmer film.
City Mall: 12:15pm, 2:30pm, 9:40pm
Tuol Kork: 9:40am, 3:10pm
(See above.)
(See above.)
9:20am, 1:40pm, 3:15pm, 3:50pm, 6pm, 8pm
(See above.)
9:30am, 1:45pm, 6:40pm, 8:40pm
Yoga @ Yoga PP
Slow Flow Yoga is a class for all abilities
to stretch out, refresh, relax and
recharge. Order lunch from ARTillery
beforehand and it will get there for the
end of the class.
Yoga Phnom Penh, #39 Street 21. 12:15pm
Exhibition @ Romeet
In Cambodia, a much-spoken proverb is
dont be a frog in the well, as the
metaphor of a frog in a well is meant to
convey closed-mindedness to the world.
For his third exhibition at Romeet, Frog in
the Well, Phare Ponleu Selpak art school
graduate and painter Hour Seyha will
present his mosaics depicting life in rural
Cambodia in a colourful but somewhat
grim light.
Romeet, #34E Street 178. Ongoing
Swing @ CodeRED
Join Swing Penh at CodeRED every
Thursday for beginners or intermediate
lessons with American swing champion,
Janice Wilson.
CodeRED, opposite Naga World.
Intermediate classes: 6:30pm. Beginners
classes: 7:30pm. Jam session: 8:30pm.
Drop-ins welcome.
10am - WILD WILD WEST: The two best hired guns in the
West must save President Grant from the clutches of a
19th century inventor-villain. HBO
3:30pm - MEAN GIRLS: Cady Heron is a hit with The
Plastics, the A-list girl clique at her new school, until
she makes the mistake of falling for Aaron Samuels, the
ex-boyfriend of alpha Plastic Regina George. Starring
Lindsay Lohan, Tina Fey and Rachel McAdams. HBO
7:10pm - GANGSTER SQUAD: Los Angeles, 1949: A secret
crew of police officers led by two determined sergeants
work together in an effort to take down the ruthless mob
king Mickey Cohen who runs the city. HBO
10:35pm - LOL: As a new year at school begins, Lolas
heart is broken by her boyfriend, though soon shes
surprised by her best friend, promising musician Kyle,
who reveals his feelings for her. Starring Miley Cyrus.
Frog in the Well at Romeet Gallery. PHOTO SUPPLIED
Lindsay Lohan stars in Mean Girls, showing on HBO
at 3:30pm. AFP
Film @ Meta House
Daniela Kons documentary Changing
the World On Vacation: NGO Volunteers
and the Politics of Compassion explores
voluntourism in Cambodia.
Meta House, #37 Sothearos
Boulevard. 4pm
CBL downsized to 10 teams
H S Manjunath
THE Angkor Beer Cambodian
Basketball League, set to roll
at the indoor hall of the
Olympic Stadium this Satur-
day, will have 10 teams in the
fray instead of the initially
planned 12.
The number of competing
teams has been kept at 10 to
enhance the qualitative level
of each roster so that the
intensity of competition also
The first game of the sec-
ond edition of the competi-
tion features CCPL Warriors
and NSK Dream, marked for
a 2pm start. Next on the card
is a contest between Phnom
Penh Dragons and Mekong
I am glad that Angkor Beer
stepped in as our title sponsor
this year with Pepsi lending
support as co-sponsors. We
are ready for the launch of
what should be another excit-
ing season, Michael Dibbern,
one of the organising commit-
tee members who also doubles
up as the Dragons coach, told
the Post yesterday.
Under a newly introduced
tournament stipulation to
boost local talent, every team
must have at least three Cam-
bodian players in its ranks.
Meanwhile, the technical
panel of the CBL completed
the formal draw last week to
determine the order of the
teams that would facilitate
the match schedules for the
round robin phase.
Most of the games will be on
Saturdays but a few odd ones
may spill over to a weekday
The quarterfinal playoffs,
the semis and the champion-
ship game will all be held
between November and
The following are the com-
peting teams in the order
determined by the official
Extra Joss Fighters: In last
year as the Extra Joss Warriors.
A mix of Cambodian and play-
ers from Indonesia, Philip-
pines, Nigeria and Russia.
Phnom Penh Dragons: Into
their second season, the Drag-
ons are equal parts Cambo-
dian and international, repre-
sented by three from the US
and one each from France,
Kazakhstan, United Kingdom
and China.
Emperors: The all-Cambodi-
an Emperors are a new addi-
tion this year but the team is
mainly made up of players
from IRB The Lord, who fin-
ished second behind cham-
pions Alaxan FR Patriots last
CCPL Warriors: A good mix of
Cambodians and Filipinos,
the Warriors have roped in
Sovann Panha, a star perform-
er with CCPL Heat last year.
GL Concrete: Predominantly
Cambodian stock with just
one American as a stand out
Mous Khla: A new entity and
a mixed bag of some hidden
NSK Dream: Fully Cambodian
components the youngest
team in the CBL.
Davies Paints: Has a strong
presence of players from the
Philippines who were part of
the championship winners
Alaxan FR Patriots. There are
some good Cambodian play-
ers in the pot as well.
Mekong Tigers: The all-Cambo-
dian Tigers are in effect a
rebranded Sela Meas squad,
who finished third last season.
Pate 310: Star player Sok Tour
leads the charge this season
for the team that is all Cam-
bodian bar one from the US.
The newly renovated play-
ing arena has a seating capac-
ity of up to 7,000 and the play-
ing floor has been completely
The Cambodian Basketball
Federation has maintained
that shifting the venue this
season from Beeline Arena
situated in the outskirts of
Phnom Penh to a centrally
located Olympic Stadium
should be of great conven-
ience to players, officials and
Entrance for the members of
the public is free for all match-
es during the season.
Saturdays Fixtures
CCPL Warriors v NSK Dream
Phnom Penh Dragons v
Mekong Tigers 4pm
Dulin helps kids dream of rugby
FRENCH rst-choice fullback Brice
Dulin was in Phnom Penh earlier
this week in his role as ambassador
for youth rugby development NGO
Kampuchea Balopp. Stopping over
on his way back to France after Les
Bleus disastrous tour to Australia, the
24-year-old spoke to Post reporter
Kevin Ponniah about Frances World
Cup chances next year, his future and
youth rugby in Cambodia.
France lost all three tests on its tour
to Australia. Do you think this is a se-
rious setback for the team?
It is never good for a teams con-
dence to lose three matches in a row.
But it was at the end of a long season
and a lot of our players were very
tired, though we shouldnt use this as
an excuse.
Our aim now is to bounce back,
start from scratch and build up our
condence again to be ready for the
World Cup in 2015.
What do you think Frances chances
are at the World Cup?
Well, in such a competition, ev-
eryone arrives with more or less the
same chance, and it all depends
upon a lot of different parameters.
France has as much of a chance as
anyone else really.
But with all the preparation we are
making and the condence we can
build up over the next year, we should
have a strong card to play, although it
is going to be very difcult.
How has the team changed since the
last World Cup, when it lost in the -
nal against New Zealand?
It has been building for the last few
years. Compared to the last World
Cup there are many players who
have retired from Test rugby, so the
team has rejuvenated itself.
Its almost completely new and
also we have a new coach, so we are
still in the process of building up this
team and doing the nal tuning be-
fore the World Cup.
You ran a coaching session with more
than 150 local kids on Sunday. How
was it working with them for the rst
time in person as Kampuchea Ba-
lopps ambassador?
It gave me fresh perspective be-
cause I nally met the kids of the
organisation that I represent. I was
impressed by the level they could
have here and the work achieved by
[Kampuchea Balopp].
I knew that the facilities, the eld,
the surroundings, would be quite
poor. The kids also have very little
equipment and they play in no
shoes on a eld in poor condition,
which is quite tough considering
the heat.
But they are very receptive and en-
gaging and their will to play and have
fun helps them to forget all the chal-
lenges around them.
How can rugby help these kids to de-
velop themselves?
First, sticking to all these rules can
help them put structure into their
life and it teaches them many values.
But above all, it enables them to for-
get the difculties they face in their
everyday lives.

Were they excited to meet you?
There was a certain admiration
in the way they were looking at me
I guess, but although they under-
stood that I was a rugby player it was
hard for them to realise it since they
dont watch games on TV and have
no exposure.
But we could feel they were listen-
ing and receptive to everything one
can achieve on the eld, what to do,
how to move forward . . . I guess it is
good for them to have someone that
can make them dream a bit.
Youre in the early stages of what
looks to be a very bright playing ca-
reer. What has been the highlight of
your career so far?
It is going to be quite a surprising
answer, but its probably the rst
match I played professionally on an
international level against my older
brother, who was playing for Auch
Gers [a club in southwestern France]
at the time. It remains one of my
best memories, because everyone
admires their older brother. It was a
quite unique moment.
How did you start playing rugby?
My grandfather was playing rugby
and was a strong supporter of the
Agen team [another club in south-
western France]. He was living in
Agen, 50 metres away from the sta-
dium. So when I was a kid he was al-
ways taking me to a lot of games and
thats how I caught the rugby virus at
an early age.
Is there a particular player that
you are inspired by or have always
looked up to?
I have never really had a role mod-
el. Id say maybe [Jason] Robinson,
the English fullback. I liked the fact
that he was always creating danger
when he received the ball, taking
risks and relaunching the game from
a challenging position.
Im not trying to copy his style but
it is quite natural to me to try to take
risks like him. This is how I see the
game and the style of play I prefer.
Youre changing clubs, from Castres
Olympique to Racing Metro, in the
French Top 14 next season. You also
have the World Cup coming up. How
are you feeling about the next few
years of your career?
I am very impatient to discover the
new club and it is very exciting that I
may get the chance to participate in
the World Cup. These are things that
I would like to be living right now but
it takes time.
I need to give myself the means to
succeed, while keeping enjoying ev-
ery moment on the eld. I am look-
ing forward to all of it and I know it is
going to come soon, so my objective
now is to work hard.
Interview has been edited for length
and clarity.
French rugby star Brice Dulin schools some local kids in ball handling skills at Blue Lion eld on Tuesday morning. SRENG MENG SRUN
Cambodian Basketball Federation vice president Ouk Sethycheat (left)
and Cambaskte representative Michael Dibbern shake hands after
completing the draw for the new CBL season. PHOTO SUPPLIED

Chiangmai Classic golf
event set for November
THE Chiangmai Golf Classic
has been rescheduled for
November 13-16 at the Alpine
Golf Resort Chiangmai,
organisers confirmed on
Tuesday. The second edition of
the $750,000 Asian Tour event
was originally scheduled for
this week but was postponed
due to political problems. As it
will be played on the same
week as the European Tours
$7 million Turkish Airlines
Open, it is unclear if Thai stars
Thongchai Jaidee and
Kiradech Aphibarnrat will be
available. Prayad Marksaeng
will definitely be absent from
the tournament because he
has confirmed his participation
in a Japan Golf Tour event.
Last years inaugural
Chiangmai Golf Classic was
won by Australias Scott Hend.
Major winners Jason Dufner
and Charl Schwartzel
confirmed to take part in this
years event on the original
date but now it is unclear
whether they will be available
for the new date. BANGKOK POST
Irving set to ink extension
with Cleveland Cavaliers
KYRIE Irving says he plans to
sign a five-year contract
extension with the Cleveland
Cavaliers when the NBAs free-
agency signing period officially
begins later this month. The
Australian-born Irving, who was
the MVP of the league All-Star
Game, averaged 20.8 points, 6.1
assists and 3.6 rebounds per
game last season. Im here for
the long haul Cleveland and Im
ecstatic. Super excited and
blessed to be here and a part of
something special, Irving said
via Twitter. AFP
Avs sign up Iginla, Stars
snare Spezza in NHL
JAROME Iginla, who is the
Calgary Flames all-time leader
in goals and points, signed a
three-year contract for a
reported $16 million with the
Colorado Avalanche on
Tuesday. The 37-year-old Iginla,
of Canada, will be entering his
18th National Hockey League
season when he hits the ice
with the Avalanche in October.
"We are excited about Jarome
Iginla becoming a member of
the Avalanche," said Joe Sakic,
Colorado's executive vice
president of hockey operations.
"Jarome's track record speaks
for itself. He is one of the top
goal scorers of all time, as well
as a great leader. His addition
will bolster our offence." In
another significant deal on
Tuesday, the Dallas Stars
acquired playmaker Jason
Spezza in a trade with the
Ottawa Senators. AFP
Barry Bondss steroids
conviction to be reviewed
DISGRACED home run king
Barry Bonds, who is serving a
two-year probation sentence
for giving evasive testimony to a
federal grand jury, has won a
review of his conviction. The
Ninth US Circuit Court of
Appeals agreed in a brief filed
Tuesday to rehear the case in
mid-September with an
11-judge panel. The former
San Francisco Giants slugger is
seeking to overturn a 2011
obstruction of justice conviction
associated with the Balco
steroids scandal. AFP
Broad hits back at KPs unhappy England claim
STUART Broad has insisted
England are anything but a
depressed side after former
star batsman Kevin Pietersen
suggested there was an under-
lying current of unhappiness
in the dressing room after
recent defeats.
Despite being Englands
all-time leading run-scorer
across all formats and their
top contributor with the bat
in Australia, South Africa-
born Pietersen was cast into
international exile by team
chiefs following the sides
return from a 5-0 Ashes
series loss.
That meant the former cap-
tain didnt feature in Englands
recent 1-0 home defeat by Sri
Lanka in a two-Test campaign.
After the match Pietersen,
along with Geoffrey Boycott
and Shane Warne, criticised
various aspects of England cap-
tain Alastair Cooks leadership.
But England paceman Broad,
developing a theme hed started
in his own newspaper column
last weekend, said Tuesday the
environment within the Eng-
land camp had improved since
Pietersens departure.
He added the atmosphere
created by Cook, who has now
gone more than a year without
adding to his England record of
25 Test hundreds, and recalled
coach Peter Moores would ben-
efit the side come next weeks
first of a five-Test series with
India at Trent Bridge.
The environment that
Cooky and Peter Moores are
developing is strong and you
can see that from the perform-
ances of the young guys com-
ing in, said Broad at the Lon-
don headquarters of series
sponsors Investec.
When your environment is
off people in Australia were
maybe mentioning that young
players can come in and be
overawed by senior players and
that sort of thing and it is quite
hard to perform, added Broad,
who is set to be fit for the series
opener at his Nottinghamshire
home ground, despite being
hampered by a knee problem
during last weeks second Test
defeat by Sri Lanka in Leeds.
Instead weve had Sam
Robson come in and score a
hundred, Gary Ballance score
a hundred, Liam Plunkett
take nine wickets, Moeen Ali
score a hundred so that
shows the guys coming into
the set-up feel relaxed and
like they can play.
As for the scrutiny England
are under after also losing a
one-day series at home to Sri
Lanka before the Islanders
Test triumph, Broad said: The
pressure should build on an
England side if you lose every
series in the summer; thats
India havent won an away
Test since June 2011, a run now
stretching to 14 matches.
Former India all-rounder Ravi
Shastri said the bowling of the
tourists, who were whitewashed
4-0 on their last visit to England
in 2011, would be key to the
outcome this time around.
They have a woeful away
record and it is because of their
bowling, said Shastri, speaking
alongside Broad.
The thing for me is that India
need to get five bowlers in play
and if they do that then we will
have a competitive series,
added Shastri, a member of the
1986 India side that won a Test
series in England.
What would really help is the
pitches, if they are dry then the
spinners will come into play.
Indias longstanding objec-
tion to the current Decision
Review System means the
upcoming Test series will see
the on-field umpires alone in
deciding when to call for replay
assistance, with both teams
unable to challenge their origi-
nal verdicts.
Broad, who took a Test hat-
trick against India at Trent
Bridge in 2011, said the absence
of DRS would add to the burden
upon the umpires.
The last series [between
England and India in England
in 2011] with no DRS, youd
probably say it favoured Eng-
land, Broad said.
My hat-trick my second
wicket was a big inside edge.
Remember we got [Rahul]
Dravid caught off his shoe
It will be interesting playing
without it because weve got so
reliant on it.
It will add a little bit of pres-
sure to the umpires. Theyll
have to really take their time to
get decisions right. AFP
Englands Stuart Broad bowls on the third day of their second test
match against Sri Lanka at Headingley in Leeds on June 22. AFP
Sharapova out, Serena scare
ARIA Sharapova suf-
fered more Wimbledon
heartache as the French
Open champion crashed
to a shock 7-6 (7/4), 4-6, 6-4 defeat
against Germanys Angelique Kerber
in the fourth round, while Serena
Williams quit her doubles match af-
ter a health scare.
Sharapova famously won Wimble-
don aged 17 in 2004, but she has
struggled to emulate that feat for
much of the last decade and this was
another dispiriting experience for
the Russian as the ninth seed sealed
a stunning Centre Court triumph on
her seventh match point.
The world number ve arrived at
the All England Club fresh from her
second Roland Garros title, but she
has now failed to make it past the last
16 in seven of her last eight appear-
ances at Wimbledon.
Today could have gone either way,
and it didnt go my way, Sharapova
Despite the results and the fact
that Ive lost here and havent had
good results, I still love playing on
After her second win in six matches
against the Russian, Kerber said: Ev-
ery single set was so close so Im just
happy that I won against Maria. Shes
a great player.
When I had the three match points
in a row and it was deuce, I just tried
to focus on myself and say believe in
your game. At the end it worked.
Sharapovas exit means four of the
top five seeds have been eliminated
following the earlier departures of
Serena Williams, Li Na, Agnieszka
Radwanska, and there is only one
former Grand Slam winner, Petra
Kvitova, remaining in the womens
Just hours after Sharapova bowed
out, Serena, already knocked out of
the singles by Alize Cornet, wept and
appeared close to fainting before
quitting her doubles match with sis-
ter Venus.
Serena, the world number one sin-
gles player, called the doctor to Court
One just after she and Venus had
warmed up for their second round
match against Kristina Barrois and
Stephanie Voegele.
She broke down in tears as she con-
sulted with the doctor and physio
before the tournament referee and
supervisor were called to court in a
reection of her status in the sport.
After a 15-minute delay, Serena
served up four double faults in her
rst service game, wobbled on the
baseline before Venus led her back to
her chair by the hand.
Umpire Kader Nouni, having al-
ready come down from his chair to
talk to the Americans, announced
that Serena was retiring from the
match through illness with the sis-
ters trailing 3-0.
Later Tuesday, the WTA Tour said
that Serena was suffering from a vi-
ral illness.
Sharapova and Serenas contrasting
exits overshadowed the rest of the
womens action on Tuesday as Czech
23rd seed Lucie Safarova cruised into
her rst Grand Slam seminal with a
6-3, 6-1 win over Russian 22nd seed
Ekaterina Makarova.
Safarova was playing in her rst
quarternal at the majors since the
2007 Australian Open and showed no
signs of being overawed in a ruthless
57-minute rout of the 22nd seed.
Safarova will face her compatriot
Kvitova, the 2011 Wimbledon cham-
pion, for a place in the nal.
Sixth seed Kvitova, the 2011 Wim-
bledon champion, ended the giant-
killing run of Barbora Zahlavova
Strycova with a 6-1, 7-5 victory in
their quarternal.
The 24-year-old took 88 minutes to
see off world number 43 Zahlavova
Strycova, who came up short after de-
feating Chinese second seed Li Na and
former world number one Caroline
Wozniacki en route to the last eight.
Kvitovas clash against 23rd seed
Safarova will mark the rst time two
Czech women have made the last
four at a Grand Slam since Hana
Mandlikova and Helena Sukova at
the 1986 French Open.
Simona Halep booked her rst
Wimbledon quarternal appearance
as the Romanian third seed eased
to a 6-3, 6-0 victory against Kazakh-
stans Zarina Diyas.
German 19th seed Sabine Lisicki
shrugged off a shoulder injury to de-
feat Kazakhstans Yaroslava Shvedova
6-3, 3-6, 6-4 in another weather-de-
layed tie. AFP
Germany's Angelique Kerber returns to Russia's Maria Sharapova during their women's
singles fourth round match of the 2014 Wimbledon Championships in London. AFP
Belgium midelder Axel Witsel (left) vies with US forward Chris Wondolowski during their 2014 FIFA World Cup Round of 16 match at Fonte Nova Arena in Salvador on Tuesday. AFP

Lallana completes
move to Liverpool
LIVERPOOL have taken their
summer spending to the 40
million ($68.6 million) mark
after completing the signing
of Adam Lallana from South-
ampton. The 26-year-old
travelled to Merseyside to
discuss personal terms and
will undergo a medical on
Friday after Southampton
accepted Liverpools final 25
million offer for their club
captain. Bournemouth, where
Lallana played until he was
12, will bank around 6.25
million from the midfielders
transfer as they were due 25
per cent of any future sell-on
fee. Meanwhile, Chelsea have
agreed to sign striker Diego
Costa from Atletico Madrid
after the London club met the
buy-out clause for the
25-year-old Spanish forward.
Roy Keane gets Villa
assistant coach role
ROY Keane will combine his
Republic of Ireland duties with
the new role of assistant
manager at Aston Villa after the
Premier League club confirmed
his appointment on Tuesday.
The 42-year-old former
Manchester United midfielder,
also the deputy to Republic
manager Martin ONeill, will
work alongside Villa boss Paul
Lambert as they try to revive the
fortunes of the Birmingham
club after a prolonged battle
against relegation last season. I
am delighted to be joining Aston
Villa and I look forward to what
promises to be an exciting
challenge, Keane said. AFP
Capello gets backing
despite World Cup flop
RUSSIA coach Fabio Capello
has been given a vote of
confidence by Russian sports
officials in the wake of his sides
World Cup flop in Brazil. The
Russians failed to qualify for the
second round despite having a
relatively easy group and
returned home without a single
win. That performance has led
to calls for Italian Capello to be
sacked, but Russian sports
minister Vitaly Mutko said he did
not agree. Capellos compe-
tence is beyond doubt, said
Mutko, who was president of the
Russian Football Union from
2005-09. We have never had a
coach of such a high level at the
helm of our national side. Some
hotheads are calling on us to
sack Capello and install a young
manager, but the post of the
national teams manager is not
a testing ground and we should
refrain from any unreasonable
experiments. AFP
Suarez given credit for
apology by FIFAs Valcke
FIFA general secretary Jerome
Valcke has given disgraced
Uruguayan star Luis Suarez
credit for apologising over the
biting incident that saw him
expelled from the World Cup.
Valcke, though, pointed out in an
interview with Brazilian
television station SportTV that
Suarezs apology had not gone
as far as accepting he had
deliberately bitten Italian
defender Giorgio Chiellini in a
group game on June 24. It is
good he has apologised, said
the Frenchman. He does not,
however, accept that it was
intentional, he says it was an
accident. AFP
Argentina, Belgium claim
remaining quarters spots
IONEL Messi rescued
Argentina once more
to help sink Switzer-
land as the United
States fairytale World Cup
run in Brazil came to an end
against Belgium on Tuesday.
Messi set up the winner for
Angel Di Maria two minutes
from the end of extra-time to
give the South Americans a 1-0
win against the Swiss.
The Argentines will now
face Belgium in the quarter-
nals in Brasilia on Saturday
after they defeated the United
States 2-1 after another extra-
time duel.
A phenomenal goalkeeping
performance from Evertons
Tim Howard kept the Belgians
at bay to leave the game score-
less after 90 minutes. How-
ards 16 saves, some at point
blank range, two spectacularly
icked over the crossbar, were
a record for a goalkeeper in a
World Cup match since 1966.
But the introduction of Eng-
land-based forward Romelu
Lukaku tipped the game in
Belgiums favour.
The powerful Chelsea strik-
ers run set up the rst for Kev-
in De Bruyne on 93 minutes,
before he then latched on to a
long ball and thumped an un-
stoppable shot past Howard
for the second.
That appeared to have
settled the game, but Jurgen
Klinsmanns Americans came
roaring back.
A superb volleyed goal from
19-year-old substitute Julian
Green on 107 minutes set up a
frantic nale.
Only a fantastic save by Thi-
baut Courtois denied Clint
Dempsey what would have
been a wonderfully worked
equaliser from a quick free-
kick as Belgium hung on.
Obviously its a bummer for
us ending on the losing side
after a game of 120 minutes,
Klinsmann said.
We gave everything we
could to the fans, it was a
real drama, a thriller, we had
enough possession to equa-
lise at the end. But big com-
pliments to Belgium and con-
gratulations to them to move
into the quarternals.
The victory takes Belgium
into their rst World Cup quar-
ternal for 28 years, when they
reached the last four in Mexico
only to be knocked out by Di-
ego Maradonas Argentina.
Earlier, Argentina captain
Messi bagged his fourth man-
of-the-match award in as
many games after saving his
team once more at Sao Paulos
Corinthians Arena.
Di Marias strike in the 118th
minute after a surging coun-
ter-attack launched by Messi
settled a gritty duel just when
penalties seemed a certainty.
The result was cruel on Swit-
zerland, who looked to have
done enough to take the game
to a shoot-out with a disci-
plined defensive display that
Argentina rarely looked like
But with two minutes left,
Swiss fullback Stephan Lich-
tsteiner was caught in posses-
sion near halfway.
Messi accelerated clear, and
after hurdling Fabian Schars
attempt to bring him down,
slipped a pass to Di Maria who
swept the winner past Diego
Switzerland almost hit back
with a dramatic equaliser but
Blerim Dzemailis downward
header cannoned off the foot
of the upright. The ball re-
bounded off him and just past
the post.
Messi later admitted his side
had been affected by nerves as
the tension of the occasion got
to his team.
Suffering, suffering thats
what I felt, but now we know
we can go through times like
this, said Messi.
Just like everyone else, I
imagine, at times I was ner-
vous because we couldnt
score a goal and any mistake
would have put us out of the
World Cup, Messi said.
The victories for Argentina
and Belgium meant that all
eight winners of the first
round groups reached the
quarterfinals for the first
Off the pitch, convicted
match-xer Wilson Raj Peru-
mal denied any involvement
in predicting the result of the
Croatia-Cameroon group
game, which is now being
investigated by the African
countrys federation.
Perumal said in a statement
he made an informal assess-
ment of the Croatia-Camer-
oon Group A game after the
match. German magazine Der
Spiegel, which reported Peru-
mals comments, said he made
them before the match.
At no time did I make refer-
ence to four goals being scored
or to a red card being issued,
he said. The game nished 4-0
and midelder Alex Song was
sent off in the rst half.
The Cameroon Football
Federation says its ethics
commission is investigating
the allegations. FIFA said it
would not comment on the
allegations because it did not
want to inuence the Camer-
oon inquiry.
Elsewhere, it was conrmed
Dutch midelder Nigel De
Jong will almost certainly miss
the remainder of the World
Cup after suffering a torn groin
The Dutch Football Asso-
ciation said De Jong would
probably be sidelined for
two to four weeks, ruling
him out of the remainder of
the tournament. The holding
midelder limped off early in
Hollands 2-1 win over Mexico
on Sunday. AFP
Argentina captain Lionel Messi (left) and Angel Di Maria embrace after
combining for the winning goal in their match against Switzerland. AFP
Australia hails new golden boy
lia hailed Wimbledon
sensation Nick Kyr-
gios as its new hero
yesterday, lavishing praise on
a good bloke who has the
game to beat the best.
Kyrgios, just 19 and ranked
144 in the world, stunned
world number one Rafael
Nadal 7-6 (7/5), 5-7, 7-6
(7/5), 6-3 in one of the big-
gest upsets the tournament
has ever seen.
His improbable victory
set up a quarternal against
huge-serving Canadian
eighth seed Milos Raonic,
sending the Australian me-
dia wild.
Astonishing. Remarkable.
Extraordinary. Insert your
own superlative, gushed the
Sydney Morning Herald.
Game and condence-
wise, Kyrgios has it all.
The lanky Kyrgios, who gave
up a promising career in bas-
ketball to focus on tennis, be-
come the rst wildcard in 10
years to make the last eight at
the All England Club.
He is also the first player
ranked outside the top 100
to defeat a world number
one since Andrei Olhovskiy
stunned Jim Courier in the
Wimbledon third round in
Australia, we have a new
hero, said the Sydney Daily
In a performance that re-
verberated from the heart of
the All England Club across
the world, the 19-year-old
from Canberra has pulled off
one of the greatest upsets in
tennis history.
Australia has been desper-
ate to nd a new tennis star
with veteran Lleyton Hewitt
having potentially played his
last Wimbledon and Bernard
Tomic widely seen as arro-
gant and not well liked.
One doesnt want to gush
unseemingly, but this bloke
is the goods, said Herald col-
umnist Peter FitzSimons, re-
ferring to him as Our Nick.
And no yellow Ferraris in
sight! he added in reference
to Tomic.
Though Australian tennis
has laboured long, she has
at last given birth to the rst
player since Pat Rafter that
we wont have to learn to love,
but can love from the rst.
Even Prime Minister Tony
Abbott was impressed.
Extraordinary perfor-
mance @NickKyrgios. Austra-
lia couldnt be prouder of you
what a win & what an amaz-
ing attitude! he tweeted.
Hollywood also took notice
with Australian star Hugh Jack-
man following his progress.
Aussie Aussie Aussie @
NickKyrgios. Such composure
and class! he tweeted.
The Canberra-based Kyr-
gios, whose father is a Greek-
Australian and his mother a
Malaysian-Australian, rst
picked up a racquet aged 4
and has never looked back.
Ive never been so shocked
and overwhelmed at the same
time, his younger sister Hali-
mah, who was in the crowd,
told reporters after the game.
I actually cried, burst into
tears and Ive never felt so
happy for someone my entire
Kyrgios said he was red up
by an interview his mum Nor-
laila gave to Australian televi-
sion before the match saying
she believed Nadal was too
good for him.
Slowly sinking in. What an
unreal day . . . Massive team
effort, he tweeted early yes-
terday. AFP
Red Bulls Horner admits to two years worry about engine
THE Red Bull principal, Christian
Horner, says he has been worried
about the Renault engine for the past
two years, as he again called upon the
manufacturer to up their game.
Horner said: We sat down to
express our concerns with Renault
in Autumn 2012. They have got to get
it together. Theyre not in Formula
One to make up the numbers.
Theyve been tremendously suc-
cessful in their time in Formula One
and theyve stated theyre in it to
compete and win and not just make
up the numbers. Anything other
than success is on their agenda. I
believe that they will be addressing
that in the near future.
Red Bull have been double world
champions for the past four years,
but have struggled to compete with
Mercedes this year. In the last race,
in Austria 10 days ago, Horner was
angrily critical of the French engine-
He said then: The situation just
isnt improving. The reliability is
unacceptable. The performance is
unacceptable. There needs to be
change at Renault. It cant continue
like this. There were suggestions
that Red Bull were thinking of chang-
ing engine manufacturers, or even
of making their own.
Speaking close to the teams Milton
Keynes headquarters on Tuesday,
Horner said: Obviously it has been
a tough start to the year for them.
They have intelligent people there.
We have won eight world champion-
ships with them in the last four years
and almost 50 races, so there is a lot
of talent there, its just with this cur-
rent package it has not all come
together yet.
Horner refuses to concede defeat,
even though his team is a hopeless 158
points behind Mercedes in the con-
structors championship, and Sebas-
tian Vettels chances of retaining his
title are zero he is in fifth place, 105
points behind Nico Rosberg.
Ahead of this weekends British
Grand Prix, Horner said: I think Sil-
verstone will come more to us than
say Austria or Montreal did.
The closest we have been to Mer-
cedes this year was Malaysia, Mona-
co and Barcelona. Silverstone is
similar and hopefully with the
improvements we are making, we
can nibble into that gap.
Going into the event, the guys
who have been finishing 1-2 have to
be the favourite, but we have seen
that when they are under pressure,
like in Montreal, things can change.
We are just trying to catch them. Our
job is to hunt them down.
Seb has not given up hope on
anything. He is still very much
focused. He has had a horrible start
to the year. Thats the way it goes
sometimes, but he has not let his
chin drop and he is still massively
hungry and motivated and things
can change quickly.
Hes just a hungry racing driver.
Hes 26 years of age, hes still hugely
motivated, hes got four world cham-
pionships and all those race victo-
ries and pole positions, so he doesnt
actually have to prove anything if he
stops tomorrow as one of the
But hes a racer, and he wants to
compete. Hes still very, very moti-
vated to defend his title. Lets see
how the second half of the year
Australias Nick Kyrgios returns to Spains Rafael Nadal during their mens singles match at Wimbledon London on Tuesday. AFP