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tel. (206)623-9646 Date:
ECCENTRIC SHEAR CONNECTION ANALYSIS OF BOLT GROUP Last updated: 25-Apr-02
The following calculations comply with LRFD Steel Design Manual 2nd Edition Theory
Units: US Details
Problem Description:
INPUT OUTPUT BoltGroup
Copyright 2001
Vertical Force Horizontal Force Ultimate Shear = 64.58 kip Yakov Polyakov, PE
Py, kip -2 Px, kip 2 Angle to horizon, b = -45.00 deg yakov@yakpol.net
ex, in -5 ey, in 0 True eccentricity, e = 8.357 in http://yakpol.net
Solved !
Bolt description: A325 SH, 3/4" Dia.
Single bolt shear capacity fRn = 15.9 kip 174.9
Bolt Location
Bolt X Y
## in in
1 0 0
2 0 3
3 0 6
4 0 9
5 3 0
6 3 3
7 3 6
8 3 9
9 6 0
10 6 3
11 6 6
Testing Spreadsheet vs LRFD tables
X
b
IC
CG
Py
Px
P
-7
-2
3
8
13
-10 -5 0 5 10
Bolts
Instantenious Center of rotation
Group Center
Applied Force
e
y
e
x
P
x
P
y
P
e
Y
Problem Description: Testing Spreadsheet vs LRFD tables
Maximum Force at connection fP = 64.58 kip Goto: Input
Connection is concentrically loaded FALSE Theory
Vertical Force Py = -2.00 kip -5.00 in Angle b = -0.785 rad
Horizontal Force Px = 2.00 kip 0.00 in Eccen. e = 8.357 in
Adjusted b = -0.785 rad
Bolt Parmeters Adjusted e = 8.357 in
fRn = 15.90 kip Instant. Center (IC) Bolt Group Center (CG)
Rmax= 15.61 kip Xo Yo Xc Yc
dmax = 7.01 in 4.110 5.680 2.727 4.091
S(Rsinq) S(Rcosq) S(R*d)
Bolt Location
Bolt force
angle to
horizon
Bolt to IC
Distance
Bolt
Shear
Force
Bolt
Displ.
45.67 -45.67 675.44
Bolt ## X Y q d R D, in Rsinq Rcosq R*d
in in rad in kip in kip kip kip-in
1 0 0 -3.77 7.01 15.61 0.34 9.15 -12.64 109.42
2 0 3 -4.13 4.91 15.07 0.24 12.63 -8.23 73.96
3 0 6 1.49 4.12 14.68 0.20 14.63 1.14 60.51
4 0 9 0.89 5.28 15.21 0.26 11.84 9.56 80.38
5 3 0 -3.33 5.79 15.36 0.28 2.95 -15.08 88.92
6 3 3 -3.53 2.90 13.62 0.14 5.21 -12.59 39.52
7 3 6 1.29 1.16 9.98 0.06 9.59 2.76 11.53
8 3 9 0.32 3.50 14.23 0.17 4.51 13.49 49.80
9 6 0 -2.82 5.99 15.41 0.29 -4.87 -14.63 92.27
10 6 3 -2.53 3.28 14.03 0.16 -8.08 -11.46 46.00
11 6 6 -1.40 1.92 12.06 0.09 -11.89 2.01 23.12
Solver
SRsin(q)/sin(d) -4.062 SRcos(q)/cos(d) -4.062 SR*d/(e+lo) 4.062
Psin(b) -2.872 Pcos(b) 2.87 P*lo 42.48
SRsin(q) 2.87 SRcos(q) -2.87 SR*d 42.48 Must be Zelo
Difference 0.0000 Difference 0.0000 Difference 0.0000 0.0000
BestGuess
Single bolt capacity multiplier Po 4.062 4.062
Dist. From 0,0 to Inst. Center lo 2.10 in 2.102
Sideways dist. to Inst. Center mo 0.146 in
Definition of Ranges
BestGuess_lo =Details!$R$8
BestGuess_po =Details!$R$7
betta =Details!$I$8
BigX =Details!$B$19:$B$68
ConcentricConnection =Details!$E$4
d =SQRT((X-Xo)^2+(Y-Yo)^2)
dmax =Details!$B$12
e =Details!$I$9
ex =Details!$F$6
ey =Details!$F$7
lo =Details!$P$8
mo =Details!$P$9
Mustbe0 =Details!$R$5
Po =Details!$P$7
Print_Area =Details!$A$1:$R$46
Px =Details!$C$7
Py =Details!$C$6
Rn =(1-EXP(-10*d/dmax*0.34))^0.55
Rult =Details!$B$10
SumRcos =Details!$O$4
SumRd =Details!$Q$4
SumRsin =Details!$M$4
theta =ATAN2(X-Xo,Y-Yo)-PI()/2
UnitForce =IF(Units="US","kip","kN")
UnitLength =IF(Units="US","in","mm")
Units =Input!$B$8
X =OFFSET(BigX,0,0,COUNT(BigX),1)
Xc =Details!$F$12
Xo =Details!$D$12
For calculation purposes external force (Po) is always positive
and rotates boltgroup contrclockwise about it's center
(Xc,Yc). Eccentricity (e) is always positive as well. The
distance (lo) from boltgroup center to instantenious center
(Xo,Yo) can be negative but not less than -e.
Input
Details
Input Data: Spreadsheet Formulas:
Shear force application: P
x
P
y
e
x
e
y
X
c
= AVERAGE(X
i
)
Bolt locations: X
i
Y
i
Y
c
= AVERAGE(Y
i
)
Single bolt shear capacity: fR
n
X
o
= -l
o
sin(b) - m
o
cos(b) + X
c
Y
o
= l
o
cos(b) - m
o
sin(b) + Y
c
Equlibrium equations: e = - (e
y
-Y
c
)cos(b) + (e
x
-X
c
)sin(b)
q
i
= atan((Y
i
-Y
o
)/(X
i
-X
o
)) - p/2
(1) SR
i
sin(q
i
) + P
u
sin(b) = 0 d
i
= sqrt((Y
i
-Y
o
)^2+(X
i
-X
o
)
2
)
(2) SR
i
cos(q
i
) + P
u
cos(b) = 0 d
max
= max(d
i
)
(3) SR
i
d
i
+ P
u
(e+l
o
) = 0 D
max
= 0.34 inches
D
i
= D
max
(d
i
/d
max
)
Equations variables: P
u
l
o
and m
o
R
i
= fR
n
(1-exp(-10D
i
))
0.55
ECCENTRICALLY LOADED BOLT GROUP
ULTIMATE STRENGTH METHOD
m
o
(Xi,Yi)
IC (X
o
,Y
o
)
This spreadsheet is using the
Instantenious Center of Rotation
Method to determine shear capacity of
bolt group. This method is described in
LRFD Code (2nd Edition, Volume II, p.
8-28). In theory, the bolt group rotates
around IC, and the displacements of
each bolt is proportional to the
distance to IC. The load deformation
relationship of the bolt:
R=R
ult
(1-exp(-10D)
0.55
), where
R
ult
= fR
n
bolt ultimate shear strength.
D = total deformation of the bolt
(inches), experementally determined
D
max
= 0.34 inches.
Solving the system of three equilibrium
equations we can find location of IC
and ultimate shear force of bolt group.
Please, be aware of possibly wrong
solution when instantenious center is
too far from bolt group center.


e
y
e
x
P
x
P
y
P
u
e
Y
X
l
o
R
i
d
i
CG (X
c
,Y
c
)
b
q
i