Sie sind auf Seite 1von 22

# Motion in one dimensions

Q.1. A runner completes one round of a circular path of radius r in 40 seconds. His displacement after 2 minutes
20 seconds will be
 zero 
2 r

2r

7 r
Q.2. An old man goes for morning walk on a semicircular track of radius 40 m; if he starts from one end of the track and
reaches to other end, the distance covered by the man and his displacement will respectively be
 126 m, 80 m  80 m, 126 m  80 m, 252 m  252 m, 80 m
Q.3. A body covered a distance of L m along a curved path of a quarter circle. The ratio of distance to displacement is

2 2


2 2


2


2

## Q.4. A passenger travels along a straight line with velocity v

1
for first half time and with velocity v
2
for next half time, then
the mean velocity v is given by

1 2
v v
v
2
+
=

1 2
v v v = 
2
1
v
v
v
=

1 2
2 1 1
v v v
= +
Q.5. A car covers a distance of 2 km in 2.5 minute, if it covers half of the distance with speed 40 km/hr, the rest distance
it will cover with speed
 56 km/hr  60 km/hr  50 km/hr  48 km/hr
Q.6. A bicyclist encounters a series of hills. Uphill speed is always v
1
and downhill speed is always v
2
. The total
distance travelled is

, with uphill and downhill portions of equal length. The cyclist's average speed is

1
2
v
v

2
1
v
v

1 2
1 2
v v
v v +

1 2
1 2
2v v
v v +
Q.7. A motor car covers
1
3
rd part of total distance with
1
v 10km/hr = , second
1
3
rd part with
2
v 20 = km/hr and
rest
1
3
rd part with
3
v 60km/hr = . What is the average speed of the car?
 18 km/hr  45 km/hr  6 km/hr  22.5 km/hr
Q.8. The displacement-time graph for the two particles A and B are straight lines inclined at angles 30
0
and 60
0
with the
time axis. The ratio of the velocities of A to B will be
 1 : 2 
1: 3

3:1
 1 : 3
Q.9. The velocity-time graph of a body is shown in figure. The displacement covered by the ody in 8 seconds is
 10 m
 9 m
 24 m
 30 m
EXERCI SE # 1
(Sec)
t
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8
6
4
2
-6
(
m
/
s
e
c
)
Motion in one dimensions
Q.10. The variation of velocity of a particle moving along straight line is shown in figure. The distance traversed by the
body in 4 seconds is
 70 m
 60 m
 40 m
 55 m
Q.11. The displacement y (in metres) of a body varies with time (in seconds) according to the equation
2
2
y t 16t 2
3
= + +
. How long does the body come to rest?
 8 seconds  10 seconds  12 seconds  14 seconds
Q.12. If y denotes the displacement and t denotes the time and the displacement is given by y asin t = , the velocity
of the particle is
 acos t  acos t  a cos t 
( ) acos t

Q.13. A truck travelling due to North at 20 m/s turns East and travels at the same speed. The change in its velocity is
 20 2m/ sNorth East  20 2m/ sSouth East
 40 2m/ sNorth East  20 2m/ sNorth West
Q.14. Which one of the following equations represent the motion of a body with finite constant acceleration. In these
equations y denotes the displacement of the body at time t and a,b and c are the constant of the motion
 y =
t
a
+bt  y at = 
2
y at bt = + 
2 3
y at bt ct = + +
Q.15. A car moving at 12 m/s due east attains a speed 16 m/s towards north in 4 seconds. The magnitude of its average
acceleration in m/s
2
is
 1 m/s
2
 3 m/s
2
 5 m/s
2
 7 m/s
2
Q.16. Adjacent graph shows the variation of velocity of a rocket with time. Find the time of burning of fuel from the graph
 10 sec
 110 sec
 120 sec
 cannot be estimated from the graph
Q.17. The adjoining curve represents the velocity-time graph of a particle, its acceleration values along OA, AB and BC
in metre/sec
2
are respectively
 1,0,0.5
 1,0,0.5
 1,1,0.5
 1,0.5,0

Time (second)
V
e
l
o
c
i
t
y

i
n

m
/
s
110
120
1000
10
y
x
1 2 3 4 O
10
20
v
e
l
o
c
i
t
y

(
m
/
s
e
c
)
Time (sec)
A B
20 10 30 40
C
5
10
v
e
l
o
c
i
t
y

i
n

m
/
s
e
c
Time in sec
Motion in one dimensions
Q.18. A car travels first 1/3 of the distance AB at 30 km/hr next 1/3 of the distance at 40 km/hr, last 1/3 of the distance
at 24 km/hr. Its average speed in km/hr for the whole jouney is
 40  35  30  28
Q.19. A particle travels A to M along a straight line with a velocity of 8 m/s and M to A with a velocity of 2 m/s, then the
average velocity for the whole journey is
 3.2 m/s  5 m/s  3.2 m/s  0 m/s
Q.20. An object will continue accelerating untill
 the resultant force on it begins to decrease
 the velocity changes direction
 the resultant force on it is zero
 the resultant force is at right angles to its direction of motion
Q.21. A girl walks along an east-west street, and a graph of her displacement from home is as shown in figure. Her
average velocity for the whole time intervals is
 zero
 6 m/min
 11 m/min
 15 m/min
Q.22. The uniform motion in the following acceleration time graph is
 AB
 BC
 CD
 DE
Q.23. The displacement-time relationship for a particle is given by
2
0 1 2
x a a t a t = + + . The acceleration of the particle is

0
a 
1
a 
2
a 
2
2a
Q.24. A particle travels for 40 seconds under the influence of a constant force. If the distance travelled by the particle is
S
1
in the first twenty seconds and S
2
in the next twenty seconds, then
 S
2
=S
1
 S
2
=2S
1
 S
2
=3S
1
 S
2
=4S
1
Q.25. A particle moves with constant acceleration for 6 seconds after starting from rest. The distance travelled during
the consecutive 2 seconds interval are in the ratio
 1 : 1 : 1  1 : 2 : 3  1 : 3 : 5  1 : 5 : 9
Q.26. A body having initial velocity u is moving with uniform acceleration a. The distance covered by it in n
th
second is
 ( )
a
u 2n 1
2
+ +
 ( )
a
u 2n 1
2

 ( )
a
u 2n 1
2
+
 ( )
a
u 2n 1
2
+
Q.27. A ball is thrown upward and reaches a height of 64 feet, its initial velocity should be (g =32 ft/sec
2
)
 64 ft/sec  72 ft/sec  32 ft/sec  4096 ft/sec

t
B
A
C
5 10 15 20
min
0
10
20
30
40
30

distance east
(m)

E
D C
B
A
10
t
8 6 4 2
5
10
15
a(m/s
2
)
-5
Motion in one dimensions
Q.28. Two bodies of different masses m
a
and m
b
are dropped from two different heights, viz a and b. The ratio of times
taken by the two to drop through these distance is
 a : b 
a
b
m b
:
m a

a: b

2 2
a :b
Q.29. A stone weighing 10 kg is dropped from a cliff in a high wind. The wind exerts a steady horizontal force of 50 N on
the stone as it falls. The path that the stone follows will be
 A parabola  An ellipse
 A more complicated path  A straight line
Q.30. A body thrown up with a finite speed is caught back after 4 sec. The speed of the body with which it is thrown
up is
 10 m/sec  20 m/sec  30 m/sec  40 m/sec
Q.31. A ball is dropped from certain height on a glass floor so that it rebounds elastically to the same height. If the
process continues, the velocity-time graph for such a motion would be
   
Q.32. A stone is thrown vertically upwards with an initial velocity of 30 m/s. The time taken for the stone to rise to its
maximum height is
 0.326 s  3.26 s  30.6 s  3.06 s
Q.33. A body is thrown upward and reaches its maximum height. At that position
 its velocity is zero and its acceleration is also zero
 its velocity is zero but its acceleration is maximum
 its acceleration is minimum
 its velocity is zero and its acceleration is the acceleration due to gravity
Q.34. The initial velocity of a particle (at t =0) is u and the acceleration of particle at time t is given by
f =at. Where a is a constant which of the following relation for velocity v of particle after time t is true?
 v =u +at
2
 v =u +at
2
/2  v =u +at  none of these
Q.35. A man is walking on a road with a velocity 3 km/hr. Suddenly rain starts falling. The velocity of rain is
10 km/hr in vertically downward direction. The relative velocity of the rain is
 13km/ hr  7km/hr  109km/hr  13 km/hr
Q.36. A boat P is moving at 40 km/hr and another boat Q is moving at 20 km/hr. Which one of the following is not a
possible value for their relative velocity
 10 km/hr  20 km/hr  30 km/hr  40 km/hr
Q.37. The position of a body with respect to time is given by x =4t
3
6t
2
+20 t +12. Acceleration at
t =0 will be
 12 units  12 units  24 units  24 units
Q.38. A body travels 200 cm in the first two seconds and 220 cm in the next four second. The velocity at the end of the
seventh second from the start will be
 10 cm/s  5 cm/s  15 cm/s  20 cm/s
Q.39. A man standing on a road hold his umbrella at 30
0
with the vertical to keep the rain away. He throws the umbrella
and starts running at 10 km/h. He finds that raindrops are hitting his head vertically, the speed of rain drop with
respect to the road will be
 10 km/h  20 km/h  30 km/h  40 km/h

T 2T
T
2T
V
t
t
V
T 2T
T 2T
t
t
Motion in one dimensions
Q.40. The linear momentum of a body is p. The linear momentum p varies with time. The equation for variation is
p =a +bt
2
where a and b are constants. The effective force acting on the body is
 proportional to t
2
 constant  proportional to t  inversely proportional to t
Q.41. The acceleration of a particle increases linearly as bt with time. If the particle starts from v
0
as initial velocity then
the distance travelled in t seconds will be

3
0
1
v t bt
6
+

2
0
1
v t bt
6


3
0
1
v t bt
6


3
0
1
v t bt
2
+
Q.42. A particle has velocity given by v =20 +0.1 t
2
then it has
 uniform acceleration  uniform retardation
 non uniform acceleration  zero acceleration
Q.43. A body starting from rest and has uniform acceleration 8 m/sec
2
. The distance travelled by it in 5th second will be
 36 m  40 m  100 m  200 m
Q.44. A body starts from rest, the ratio of distances travelled by the body during 3rd and 4th seconds is
 7/5  5/7  7/3  3/7
Q.45. A body sliding on a smooth inclined plane requires 4 sec to reach the bottom after starting from rest at the top.
How much time does it take to cover one fourth the distance starting from the top
 1 sec  2 sec  0.4 sec  1.6 sec
Q.46. The initial velocity of a particle is 10 m/sec and its retardation is 2 m/sec
2
. The distance covered in the fifth second
of the motion will be
 1 m  19 m  50 m  75 m
Q.47. A particle is moving east-wards with a velocity of 5m/sec. In 10 seconds its velocity changes to 5m/sec north-
wards. The average acceleration during this time is

2
1
m/ sec
2
in N-W direction 
2
1
m/ sec
2
in the N-E direction

1
2
m/sec
2
in N-W direction 
1
2
m/sec
2
towards east
Q.48. A ship of mass 3 x 10
7
kg initially at rest, is pulled by a force of 5 x 10
4
N through a distance of 3m. Assuming that
the resistance due to water is negligible, the speed of the ship is
 1.5 m/sec  60 m/sec  0.1 m/sec  5 m/sec
Q.49 A particle moves with a constant acceleration such that in the successive time intervals t
1
, t
2
and t
3
its
average velocities are v
1
, v
2
and v
3
. The ratio of v
1
v
2
and v
2
v
3
is

1 2 2 3
t t : t t + 
1 2 2 3
t t : t t + + 
1 2 2 3
t t : t t  t
1
t
2
: t
2
t
3
Q.50 A car travels from place A to the place B at 20 km/hour and returns at 30 km/hour. The average speed
of the car for the whole journey is
 25 km/hour  24 km/hour  50 km/hour  5 km/hour
Qus. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Ans. 3 1 1 1 2 4 1 4 2 4 3 3 2 3 3
Qus. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Ans. 1 1 3 4 3 1 1 4 3 3 4 1 3 4 2
Qus. 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
Ans. 3 4 4 2 3 1 1 1 2 3 1 3 1 2 2
Qus. 46 47 48 49 50
Ans. 1 1 3 2 2
ANSWER KEY EXERCISE # 1
Motion in one dimensions
Q.1 The velocity-time graph of a linear motion is shown below. The displacement from the origin after
8 seconds is
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8
-2
-4
0
2
4
t(sec)
u

m
/
s
 18 m  16 m  6 m  6 cm
Q.2 A train is moving in the north at a speed 10 m/sec. Its length is 150 m. A parrot is flying parallel to
the train in the south with a speed of 5 m/s. The time taken by the parrot to cross the train will be
 12 sec  8 sec  15 sec  10 sec
Q.3 A particle is moving in a plane with velocity given by ( )
0
u u i a cos t j = + e e , where i and j are unit vectors
along x and y axes respectively. If particle is at the origin at t =0. Calculate the trajectory of the particle

0
u
y asin
x
| |
=
|
e
\ .

0
x
y asin
u
| | e
=
|
\ .

0
u 1
y .sin
a x
| |
=
|
e
\ .

0
1 x
y .sin
a u
| | e
=
|
\ .
Q.4 In the following velocity-time graph of a body, the distance and displacement travelled by the body in 5
second in meters will be
1 2 3
40
30
20
10
0
-10
-20
-30
4 5
t
(sec)
 70, 110  110, 70  40, 70  90, 50
Q.5 A runner completes one round of a circular path of radius r in 40 sec. His displacement after 2 minutes
20 sec. will be -
 zero  2 tr  2r  7 tr
Q.6 The displacement is given by x =2t
2
+t + 5, the acceleration at t =5 sec will be
 8 m/s
2
 12 m/s
2
 15 m/s
2
 4 m/s
2
Q.7 A particle moves along the x-axis in such a way that its x-coordinate varies with time as
x =2 5t +6t
2
.

The initial velocity and accleration of particle will respectively be
 5 m/s, 12 m/s  5 m/s, 12 m/s  5 m/s, 12 m/s  5 m/s, 12 m/s
Q.8 Two trains each of length 50 m, are approaching each other on parallel rails. Their velocities are 10 m/s and
15 m/s. They will cross each other in
 2 sec  4 sec  10 sec  6 sec
Q.9 A car travels a distance of 2000m. If the first half distance is covered at 40 km/hour and the second
half at velocity v and if the average velocity is 48 km/hour then the value of v is
 56 km/hour  60 km/hour  50 km/hour  48 km/hour
EXERCI SE # 2
Motion in one dimensions
Q.10 The following figures show some velocity V versus time t curves. But only some of these can be realised
in practice. These are
t
V
O t
V
O t
V
O
t
V
O
(a) (b) (c) (d)
 Only a,b and d  only a,b,c  only b and c  all of them
Q.11 At an instant t, the coordinates of a particle x =at
2
, y =bt
2
and z =0, then its velocity at the instant t will be
 t
2 2
t a b = +
 2t
2 2
t a b = +

2 2
a b +

2 2 2
2t a b +
Q.12 Figure shows the position of a particle moving on the x-axis as a function time
 the particle has come to rest 6 times
 the maximum speed is at t = 6 sec
 the velocity remains positive for t =0 to t =6 sec
 the average velocity for the total period show in negative
Q.13 A rocket is projected vertically upwards and its time velocity graph is shown in the figure. The maximum
height attained by the rocket is
20t(sec)
120
V
(M/sec)
1000
 1 km  10 km  100 km  60 km
Q.14 A stone is dropped into a well and the sound of impact of stone on the water is heard after 2.056 sec
of the release of stone fro the top. If acceleration due to gravity is 980 cm/sec
2
and velocity of sound
in air is 350 m/s, calculate the depth of the well
 1.96 m  19.6 m  6.91 m  69.1 m
Q.15 A body is dropped from a height h under acceleration due to gravity g. If t
1
and t
2
are time intervals for
its fall for first half and the second half distance, the relation between them is
 t
1
=t
2
 t
1
= 2t
2
 t
1
= 2.414 t
2
 t
1
= 4t
2
Q.16 A rocket is launched from the earth surface so that it has an acceleration of 19.6 m/s
2
. If its engine
is switched off after 5 seconds of its launch, then the maximum height attained by the rocket will be
 245 m  490 m  980 m  735 m
Q.17 If the relation between distance x and time t is denoted by
2
t x x = o + | where o and | are constant
quantities, the deceleration of the particle is

3
2 v o

3
v | 
3
2 v o| 
2 3
2 v |
Q.18 A particle is moving so that its displacements is given as
3 2
s t 6t 3t 4 = + +
meter. Its velocity at the
instant when its acceleration is zero will be
 3 m/s  12 m/s  42 m/s  9 m/s

6 4 2
10
20
t (sec)
D
i
s
p
l
a
c
e
m
e
n
t
Motion in one dimensions
Q.19 A car starts from rest and has an acceleration
a t =
. A truck is moving with a uniform velocity of
4 m/s. At what distance will the car overtake the truck? (at t =0 both start their motion in the same
direction from the same position)
 16 m  8 m  32 m  4 m
Q.20 An object is released from some height. Exactly after one second, another object is released from the
same height. The distance between the two objects exactly after 2 secodns of the release of second
object will be
 4.9 m  9.8 m  19.6 m  24.5 m
Q.21 A ball is thrown from the ground with a velocity of 80 ft/sec. Then the ball will be at a height of 96 feet
above the ground after time
 2 and 3 sec  only 3 sec  only 2 sec  1 and 2 sec
Q.22 A man standing on the edge of a cliff throws a stone straight up with initial speed u and then throws
another stone straight down with same initial speed u from the same position. Find the ratio of speeds,
the stone would have attained when they hit the ground at the base of the cliff?
 2 : 1  1 : 2  1 : 1  3 : 1
Q.23 A stone is dropped from a bridge and it reaches the ground in 4 seconds. The height of the bridge is
 78.4 m  64 m  260 m  2000 m
Q.24 A stone is dropped from the top of a tower and it strikes with 3 km/hr against the ground. Another stone
is thrown vertically downwards from the same top of the tower with a velocity 4 km/hr. Its velocity when
it strikes the ground will be
 7.0 km/hr  5.0 km/hr  3.5 km/hr  4.0 km/hr
Q.25 A stone is thrown vertically upwards from the top of a tower with a velocity u and it reaches the ground
with a velocity 3u. The height of the tower is

2
3u
g

2
4u
g

2
6u
g

2
9u
g
Q.26 The displacement of a particle as a function of time is shown in fig.The fig. indicates that
0 1 2 3 4
x
D
i
s
t
a
n
c
e
y
Time
t
 the particle starts with a certain velocity, but the motion is retarded and finally the particle stops
 the velocity of particle is constant throught
 the acceleration of the particle is constant throughout
 the particle starts with a constant velocity, the motion is accelerated and finally the particle moves
with another constant velocity.
Q.27 The acceleration of a particle, starting from rest, varies with time according to the relation
a =kt +c. Then the velocity v of the particle after a time t will be

2
2kt ct +

2
1
kt ct
2
+

2
kt ct +
 ( )
2
1
kt ct
2
+
Motion in one dimensions
Q.28 The velocity of a particle moving in the positive direction of x-axis varies as
v x = o
where o is positive
constant. Assuming that at the moment t =0, the particle was located at x =0 the value of time dependence
of the velocity and the acceleration of the particle

2 2
t 1
,
2 2 o o

2 2
t
,
2 2
o o

2
2t
o
,
2
2
o
 None of these
Q.29 Three points are located at the vertices of an equilateral triangle whose side equals a. They all start
moving simultaneously with velocity V constant in magnitude. With the first point heading continuously
for the second, the second for the third and the third for the first. How soon will the points coverage?

3V
a

2a
3V

a
3V

a
V
Q.30 Two bodies of masses m
1
and m
2
are dropped from height h
1
and h
2
respectively. They reach the ground
after time t
1
and t
2
respectively. Which of the following relation is correct

1/2
1 1
2 2
t h
t h
| |
=
|
\ .

1 1
2 2
t h
t h
| |
=
|
\ .

1/2
1 1
2 2
t m
t m
| |
=
|
\ .

1 1
2 2
t m
t m
=
Q.31 Which of the following statements is wrong about a ball thrown vertically up?
[a] it is moving with constant acceleration
[b] it may have different velocities at the same position
[c] it may have two positions at the same time
[d] the angular momentum of the particle about origin remains conserved
 c only  c, d  b, c, d  a, b, c and d
Q.32 A particle is projected vertically upwards and it reaches the maximum height H in time T seconds. The
height of the particle at any time t will be

( )
2
g t T  ( )
2 1
H g t T
2

 ( )
2 1
g t T
2

 ( ) H g t T
Q.33 A rocket is fired vertically upwards such that its engine takes 10 seconds in exploding fully. Its velocity
time curve is shown in the figure. The height reached by the rocket is
10 20 30 40 50
Time (in sec)
V
e
l
o
c
i
t
y

i
n

m
/
s 1000
500
 20 kms  40 kms  400 kms  1000 kms
Q.34 If the displacement of a particle varies with time according to the relation ( )
K
x [1 exp bt ]
b
=
, then the
velocity (V) of the particle is
 ( ) V Kexp bt =  ( )
K
V exp bt
b
=
 ) bt exp(
b
K
V
2
=  ( )
2
K
V exp bt
b
=
Motion in one dimensions
Q.35 If velocity of a particle is given by
2
V 10 2t m/ s = + . The average acceleration between 2 and 5 s is
 2 m/s
2
 4 m/s
2
 12 m/s
2
 14 m/s
2
Q.36 A body of mass 3 kg falls from the multistoreyed building 100 m high and buries itself 2 meters deep
in the sand. The time of penetration will be
 9 sec.  0.9 sec.  0.09 sec.  10 sec.
Q.37 A body travelling with uniform acceleration crosses two points A and B with velocities 20 m/sec and
30 m/sec respectively. Then the speed of the body at mid-point of A and B is
 25 m/sec  25.5 m/sec  24 m/sec 
10 6
m/sec
Q.38 Two mirrors, mounted vertically, are made to move towards each other with a speed v m/s each. A particle that can
bounce back between the two mirrors starts from one mirror when the mirrors are d meters aprat. On reaching the
second mirror, it bounces back and so on. If the particle keeps on travelling at a constant speed of 3 v m/s, how
many trips can it make before the mirrors run into each other and what total distance does it cover
 ,5.1d  ,1.5d  0,6.1d  0,1.6d
Q.39 Two trains each having a speed of 30 km/hour are headed at each other on the same straight track. A
bird that can fly at 60 km/hour flies off from one train when they are 60 km apart and heads directly for
the other train. On reaching the other train it flies directly back to the first, and so fourth then the total
distance travelling by the bird is
 40 km  60 km  80 km  100 km
Q.40 The distance covered by the body in time 't' is proportional to the square of the time 't'. The acceleration
of the body is
 increasing  decreasing  zero  constant
Q.41 If the displacement of a particle varies with time as
x t 7 = +
, the
 velocity of the particle is inversely porportional to t  velocity of the particle is proportional to t
 velocity of the particle is proportional to
t
 the particle moves with a constant acceleration
Q.42 Between two stations a train accelerates uniformly at first, then moves with constant speed and finally
retards uniformly. If the ratios of time taken are 1 : 8 : 1 and the greatest speed is 60 km/hour. Then
the average speed over the whole journey
 45 km/hr  54 km/hr  35 km/hr  53 km/hr
Q.43 A car accelerates from rest at a constant rate o for some time after which it decelerates at a constant
rate | to come to rest. The maximum velocity V reached if total time taken (t seconds) is given by

V t
o|
=
o |

2
V t
| | |
=
|
o |
\ .

2
V t
| | o
=
|
o + |
\ .

V t
| | o|
=
|
o + |
\ .
Q.44 The distance x travelled by the car in above problem in time 't' is given by

2
t
x
2
| | o|
=
|
o |
\ .

2
x t
| | o|
=
|
o + |
\ .

2
x t
| | o + |
=
|
o |
\ .

2
t
x
2
| | o|
=
|
o + |
\ .
Q.45 A ball is thrown vertically upwards with a velocity of 30 m/s. If the acceleration due to gravity is
10 m/s
2
, what will be the distance travelled by it in the last second of motion.
 5 m  10 m  25 m  30 m
Motion in one dimensions
Q.46 Two balls are dropped from different heights. One ball is dropped 2 sec after the other but they both
strike the griound at the same time, 3 sec after the first is dropped. The difference in the heights at
which they were dropped is
 7.8 m  78 m  15.6 m  39.2 m
Q.47 If a body travels half its total path in the last second of its fall from rest then the time and height of its fall are
 3.41 sec, 57 m  4.31 sec, 57 m  1.34 sec, 57 m  3.14 sec, 75 m
Q.48 From the foot of a tower 90 m high, a stone is thrown up so as to reach the top of the tower. Two second
later another stone is dropped from the top of the tower. The two stones will meet at
 83.6 m  38.6 m  63.8 m  68.3 m
Q.49 Two bodies are thrown vertically upward, with the same initial velocity of 98 m/s but 4 sec apart. How
long after the first one is thrown will they meet?
 10 sec  11 sec  12 sec  13 sec
Q.50 A ball is thrown vertically upwards from the top of a tower with a velocity of 10 m/sec. If the ball falls
on the ground after 5 seconds, the height of the tower will be
 25 m  50 m  75 m  100 m
Q.51 In the above question, what height above the tower will the ball attain?

5
m  5 m 
5 2
m  10 m
Q.52 In the above question, the total distance travelled by the ball before it returns to the ground is
 85 m  75 m  100 m  175 m
Q.53 In the above question, in what time will it reach the maximum height
 1 sec  2 sec 
2
sec 
1/ 2
sec
Q.54 In the above question, with what velocity will the ball strike the ground
 zero  40 m/s  10 m/s  60 m/s
Q.55 A stone is dropped from the top of the tower and travels 24.5 m in the last second of its journey. The
height of the tower is
 44.1 m  49 m  78.4 m  72 m
Q.56 Two balls are dropped from the same point after an interval of 1 s. If acceleration due to gravity is 10
m/s
2
, what will be the separation 3 seconds after the release of first ball?
 5 m  10 m  25 m  30 m
Q.57 Two balls of equal masses are thrown upwards along the same vertical direction at an interval of 2 seconds.
With the same initial velocity of 39.2 m/sec. Then these collide at a height of
 117.6 m  73.5 m  196.0 m  44.1 m
Q.58 The speed v of a particle movign along a straight line, when it is at a distance x from a fixed point on
the line is given by v
2
=108 x 9x
2
. Then magnitude of its acceleration when it is at a distance 3 metre
from the fixed point is
 9 m/s
2
 18 m/s
2
 27 m/s
2
 None of these
Q.59 A body is thrown up in a lift with a velocity u relative to the lift and the time of flight is found to be 't'.
The acceleration with which the lift is moving up will be

u gt
t


u gt
t
+

2u gt
t


2u gt
t
+
Motion in one dimensions
Q.60 A body dropped from the top of a tower covers 7/16 of the total height in the last second of its fall. The
time of fall is
 2 sec  4 sec  1 sec 
50
sec
7
| |
|
\ .
Q.61 A person standing on the roof of a house of height h throws a particle vertically downwards and other particle
in a horizontal direction with the same speed u. The ratio of speeds of the particles on reaching the earth is
 2gh: u  1 : 2 
2:1
 1 : 1
Q.62 In the above question, the ratio of vertical components of the velocities will be
 one  more than one  less than one  will depend on mass
Q.63 In the above question the first particle instead of being thrown downwards, is thrown upwards with the
same velocity. The ratio of the velocities of the particles on reaching the earth, will be
 1 : 1 
2:1
 2 : 1  1 : 4
Q.64 J uggler keeps on moving four balls in the air continuously such that each ball attains 20 m height. When
the first ball leaves his hand, the position of the other balls ( in metre height) will be
 10, 20, 10  15, 20, 15  5, 51, 20  5, 10, 20
Q.65 The retardation of a motor boat after its engine is switched off, is given by
dv
dt
= kv
3
0
, where k is a
constant and v
0
is its velocity at the time of shutting off of the engine. The velocity of the motor boat
after time t will be

0
2
0
v
2v kt 1 +

kt
0
v e


0
v
2
 v
0
Q.66 A particle moves with constant speed v along a regular hexagon ABCDEF in same order
(ie., A to B, B to C, C to D, D to E, E to F, F to A....) Then magnitude of average velocity for its motion
from A to C
 V  V/2 
3V/ 2
 None of these
Q.67 The acceleration (a) of moving particle varies with displacement according to the following relation
2
a x 3x = +
.
Then correct relation between velocity and displacement is (where C =constant)

3 2
x 3x
V C
3 2
= + + 
3 2
2
V x 3x C
3
= + +

3 2
2
V x 3x C
3
| |
= + +
|
\ .
 V = 2x + 3
Q.68 If a point moves in a straight line in such a manner that its retardation is proportional to its speed, the
distance covered (x) is assosciated with speed (V) is

x V

2
x V

3
x V

x V
Q.69 A ball is dropped from a height of 20 m and rebounds with a velocity which is 3/4th of the velocity with which
it hits the ground. What is the time interval between the first and second bounces (g =10 m/s
2
)
 3 sec  4 sec  5 sec  6 sec
Motion in one dimensions
Q.70 A river is flowing from west to east at a speed of 5 metres/minute. A man on the south bank of the
river, capable of swimming at 10 metres/min. in still water, wants to swim across the river in shortest
time. He should swim in a direction
 due north  30
0
east of north  30
0
west of north  60
0
east of north
Q.71 A particle moves along a circle with a uniform speed v. After it has made an angle of 60
0
, the change in its
speed will be

v 2

v
2

v 3
 0
Q.72 A boat moves relative to water a velocity which is 1/n times the river flow velocity. At what angle to the
stream direction must be boat move to minimize drifting?

/ 2 t

1
1
sin
n

| |
|
\ .
 ( )
1
sin 1/n
2

t
+
 ( )
1
sin 1/n
2

t

Q.73 A particle moves with a v in a horizontal circular path. The change in its velocity for covering 60
0
will be

v 2

v/ 2

v 3
 v
Q.74 A car A is goving north-east at 80 km/hr. and antoher car B is going south-east at 60 km/hr. Then the
direction of the velocity of A relative to B makes with the north an angle o such that
tano
is
 1/7  3/4  4/3  3/5
Q.75 The motion of particle is defined by
x acos t = e
and y asin t = e . The acceleration of particle is
 ae 
2
a e
 ae
2

2 2
a e
Q.76 A boat man could row his boat with a speed 10 m/sec. He wants to take his boat from P to a point Q just
opposite on the other bank of the river flowing at a speed 4 m/sec. He should row his boat
 at right angle to the stream
 at an angle of ( )
1
sin 2/ 5

## with PQ up the stream

 at an angle of ( )
1
sin 2/ 5

## with PQ down the stream

Q
P
V=4m/s
s
 at an angle of ( )
1
cos 2/5

## with PQ down the stream

Q.77 A particle is executing a circular motion of radius R with a uniform speed v. After completing half the circle,
the change in velocity and in speed will be respectively
 zero, zero  2 v, zero  2 v, 2 v  zero, 2 v
Q.78 A balloon is at a height of 81 metres and is ascending upwards with a velocity of 12 m/s. A body of 2 kg
weight is dropped from it. If g =10 m/s
2
, the body will reach the surface of the earth in
 1.5 sec  4.025 sec  5.4 sec  6.75 sec
Q.79 If the position vector of a particle is
k

4 i

t 3 r + =

## , the particle will be

 moving with uniform velocity  stationary
 moving with uniform acceleration  insufficient data
Q.80 A bullet loses
1
20
of its velocity in passing through a plank. The least number of planks required to stop the
bullet is -
 10  11  12  23
Motion in one dimensions
Q.81 The motion of a body falling from rest in a resisting medium is described by the equation
dv
a bv
dt
=
, where
a and b are constants. The velocity at any time t is -

bt
t
a
v (1 e )
b

=

bt
t
b
v e
a

=

bt
t
a
v (1 e )
b

= +

bt
t
b
v e
a
=
Q.82 A ball is thrown vertically upwards. It was observed at a height h twice with a time interval At. The initial
velocity of the ball is -

2 2
8gh g ( t) + A

2
g t
8gh
2
A | |
+
|
\ .

2 2
1
8gh g ( t)
2
+ A 
2 2
8gh 4g ( t) + A
Q.83 A stone falls freely from a point O. It passes through the points P, Q, R ....... such that OP, OQ, OR,.... are
in geometric progression. Then velocities of stone at P, Q, R.... are in -
 arithmetic progression  geometric progression
 harmonic progression  logarithmic mean
Q.84 A ship of mass 3 10
7
kg, initially at rest, is pulled by a force of 5 10
4
N through a distance of 3m.
Assuming that the resistance due to water is negligible, the speed of the ship is -
 1.5 ms
1
 60 ms
1
 0.1 ms
1
 5 ms
1
Q.85 An elevator whose floor to ceilling distance is l is ascending with uniform acceleration it. At some instant
(say t =0), a loose bolt drops from its ceiling. The time taken by the bolt to hit the floor is -

2
g a


2
g


2
g a +


2
a

Qus. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Ans. 3 4 2 2 1 4 1 2 2 1 2 1 4 2 3
Qus. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Ans. 4 1 4 1 4 1 3 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 1
Qus. 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
Ans. 1 2 1 1 4 3 2 2 2 4 4 2 4 4 3
Qus. 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Ans. 4 1 1 3 3 2 1 1 2 1 3 2 3 3 2
Qus. 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75
Ans. 4 2 1 2 1 3 2 4 1 1 4 3 4 1 3
Qus. 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85
Ans. 2 2 3 1 2 1 3 2 3 3
ANSWER KEY EXERCI SE # 2
Motion in one dimensions
Q.1 The displacement time graph for two particles A and B are straight lines inclined at angles of 30
0
and 60
0
with the
time axis. The ratio of velocity of
A B
V : V is [CPMT-1990]
 1 : 2 
1: 3

3:1
 1 : 3
Q.2 An elevator car, whose floor to celling distance is equal to 2.7 m, starts ascending with constant acceleration of
1.2 ms
-2
. 2 sec after the start, a bolt begins falling from the ceiling of the car. The free fall time of the bolt is
[CET Karnataka-94]
 0.54s  6s  0.7s  1s
Q.3 A body 'A' is dropped vertically from the top of a tower. If another identical body 'B' is projected thrown from the
same point at the same instant, then
 'A' will reach the ground earlier than 'B'
 'B' will reach the ground earlier than 'A'
 Both 'A' and 'B' will reach the ground simultaneously
 none of these
Q.4 A body is dropped from the top of a tower with zero velocity and reaches ground in 4 seconds. The height of the
tower is about [g =10 m/s
2
] [AFMC-94]
 20 m  40 m  80 m  160 m
Q.5 The time displacement graph of a moving particle is shown as the instantaneous velocity is negative of the point
 D [AFMC-94; CBSE-94]
 F
 C
 E
Q.6 A balloon is at a height of 81 m and is ascending upwards with a velocity of 12 m/s. A body of 2 kg weight is
dropped from it. If g =10 m/s
2
, the body will reach the surface of the earth in
 1.5 s  4.025 s  5.4 s  6.75 s [RPMT-94]
Q.7 The initial velocity of a body moving along a straight line is 7 m/s. It has a uniform acceleration of 4 m/s
2
. The
distance covered by the body in the 5
th
second of its motion is [RPMT-94]
 25 m  35 m  50 m  85 m
Q.8 A body is projected up to with a speed 'u' and the time taken by it is T to reach the maximum height H. Pick out
the correct statement [EAMCET-95]
 It reaches H/2 in T/2 sec  It acquires velocity u/2 in T/2 sec
 Its velocity is u/2 at H/2  Same speed at 2T

TIME
D
I
S
P
L
A
C
E
M
E
N
T
F
E
D
C
EXERCI SE # 3
A
B
) )

t
s
O
30
0
60
0
Motion in one dimensions
Q.9 A particle moving with a uniform acceleration travels 24 m and 64 m in the first two consecutive intervals of 4 sec
each. Its initial velocity is [MP PET-95]
 1 m/sec  10 m/sec  5 m/sec  2 m/sec
Q.10 A rocket is fired upward from the earth's surface such that it creates an acceleration of
19.6 m/sec
2
. If after 5 sec its engine is switched off, the maximum height of the rocket from earth's surface would
be [MP PET- 95]
 245 m  490 m  980 m  735 m
Q.11 A ball is thrown upwards with a velocity of 100 m/sec. It will reach the ground after [AFMC-95]
 40 sec  20 sec  10 sec  5 sec
Q.12 The acceleration of a particle is increasing linearly with time t as bt. The particle starts from the origin with an
initial velocity v
0
. The distance travelled by the particle in time t will be [BHU-95,CPMT-95]

3
0
1
v t bt
6
+

3
0
1
v t bt
3
+

2
0
1
v t bt
3
+

2
0
1
v t bt
2
+
Q.13 The displacement of a body is given to be proportional to the cube of time passed. The magnitude of the acceleration
of the body, is [AIIMS-96]
 Increasing with time  Decreasing with time
 Constant but not zero  Zero
Q.14 A particle starts from rest and moves with uniform acceleration. Then the ratio of distance covered in n
th
sec. to n
sec. is [RPET-96]

2
n
2n 1

2
2 1
n n


2
n
n 1 +

2
2n 1
n
+
Q.15 A car moves for half of its time at 80 km/h and for rest half of time at 10 km/h. Total distance covered is 60 km.
What is the average speed of the car [RPET-1996]
 60 km/h  45 km/h  120 km/h  180 km/h
Q.16 A body dropped from a height h with initial velocity zero, strikes the ground with velocity 3 m/s. Another body of
same mass is dropped from the height h with an initial velocity of 4 m/s. Find the final velocity with which it strikes
the ground [CPMT-96]
 3 m/s  4 m/s  5 m/s  12 m/s
Q.17 If a body starts from rest and travels 1.2 m in the 8th second then what is the acceleration [AFMC-97]
 0.20 m/s
2
 0.16 m/s
2
 0.08 m/s
2
 0.2255 m/s
2
Q.18 A train is moving with uniform velocity. Suddenly, a compartment is separated and still train is moving with same
velocity the compartment moves to a ceratin distance and comes to rest. The distance travelled by the compartment
is how much times of the distance travelles by the train in the same time [RPET-97]
 one fourth  Half  Equal  In uncertain ratio
Q.19 A stone dropped from a building of height h and it reaches after t seconds on earth. From the same building if two
stones are thrown [one upwards and other downwards] with the same velocity u and they reach the earth surface
after t
1
and t
2
seconds respectively, then [CPMT-97]

1 2
t t t = 
1 2
t t
t
2
+
=

1 2
t t t = 
2 2
1 2
t t t =
Motion in one dimensions
Q.20 By which velocity a ball be projected vertically so that the distance it covers in its 6 second is twice the distance
it covers in its 6
th
second -(g =10 m/s
2
) [CPET-2002,CPMT-97]
 58.8 m/s  49 m/s  65 m/s  17.5 m/s
Q.21 The coordinates of a moving particle at any time are given by
2
x at =
and
2
y bt = . The speed of the particle at
any moment is [EAMCET-93, CPMT-97]
 | | 2t a b + 
2 2
2t a b

2 2
t a b +
 ( )
2 2
2t a b +
Q.22 A particle experience a constant acceleration for 20 sec after starting from rest. If it travels a distance S
1
in the
first 10 sec and a distance S
2
in the next sec, then [CPMT-97]

1 2
S S = 
2
1
S
S
3
=

2
1
S
S
2
=

2
1
S
S
4
=
Q.23 A body sliding on a smooth inclined plane requires 4 seconds to reach the bottom, starting from rest at the top.
How much time does it take to cover one-fourth the distance starting from rest at the top [BHU-98]
 1 sec  2 sec  4 sec  16 sec
Q.24 A ball released from a great height falls freely towards earth. Another body is released from the same height exactly
one second later. The separation between the two bodies after two second the release of the second body is
[BHU-98]
 9.8 m  49 m  24.5 m  19.6 m
Q.25 A car moving with a speed of 40 km/hr can be stopped by applying breaks after atleast 2m. If the same car is
moving with a speed of 80 km/h. What is the minimum stopping distance [CBSE-98]
 8 m  2 m  4 m  6 m
Q.26 A car travels half distance with 40 km/hr and rest half distance with 60 km/hr., then the average speed of car is
 40 km/hr  48 km/hr  52 km/hr  60 km/hr [RPET-98]
Q.27 A car moves along a straight line whose equation of motion is given by
2 3
s 12t 3t 2t = +
, where[s] is in metres
and [t] in seconds. The velocity of the car at start will be [CPMT-98]
 7 m/s  9 m/s  12 m/s  16 m/s
Q.28 A stone is thrown with an initial speed of 4.9 m/s from a bridge in vertically upward direction. It falls down in water
after 2 sec. The height of the bridge is [AFMC-99]
 4.9 m  9.8 m  19.8 m  24.7 m
Q.29 Two car A and B are initially at rest. Now car A starts moving with a constant velocity of 40 m/s and car B starts
moving with constant acceleration of 4 m/s
2
. How much time will have lapsed from before the cars again meet
[RPET-99]
 15 second  20 second  30 second  35 second
Q.30 A wheel covers a distance of 9.5 km in 2000 revolutions. The diameter of the wheel is [RPMT-99]
 15 cm  7.5 cm  1.5 m  7.5 m
Q.31 Two trains, each 50 m long are travelling in opposite with velocity of 15 m/s. The time of crossing is[ CPMT-99]
 2 s 
10
s
3
 2 3s  4 3s
Motion in one dimensions
Q.32 The displacement of a particle is given by
2 4
y a bt ct dt = + + . The initial velocity and acceleration are respectively
 b,4d  b, 2c  b, 2c  2c, 4d [CPMT-99]
Q.33 A stone is allowed to fall from from the top of a tower and covers half the height of the tower in the last second of
its journey. The time taken by the stone to reach the foot of the tower is [CPMT-99]
 ( )
2 2 s
 ( )
2 2 s +
 4s  ( )
2 2 s
Q.34 A man throws a ball vertically upward and it rises through 20 m and returns to his hands. What was the initial
velocity (u) of the ball and for how much time (T) it remained in the air (g =10 m/s
2
) [MPPET-2001]
 u =10 m/s, T =2s  u =10 m/s, T =4s  u =20 m/s, T =2s  u =20 m/s, T =4s
Q. 35 A balloon starts rising from the ground with an acceleration of 1.25 m/s
2
. After 8s, a stone is released from the
balloon. The stone will ( taking g =10 ms
-2
) [Karnataka-2001]
 Have a displacement of 50 m  Cover a distance of 40 m in reaching the ground
 Reach the ground in 4s  Begin to move down after being released
Q. 36 A very large number of balls are thrown vertically upwards in quick succession in such a way that the next ball is
thrown when the previous one is at the maximum height. If the maximum height is 5m, the number of balls thrown
per minute is (take g =10 ms
-2
) [Karnataka-2002]
 120  80  60  40
Q. 37 Initially a body is at rest. If its acceleration is 5 m/s
2
, then calculate the distance travelled in the 18th sec
 86.5 m  87.5 m  88 m  89 m [AFMC-2001]
Q.38 A particle is moving with velocity 5 m/s towards east and its velocity changes to 5 m/s north in 10 sec. Find the
acceleration. [UP-CPMT-2001]
 2N W 
1
N W
2


1
N E
2

 2N E
Q.39 A stone is dropped from a running bus. It will travel towards the ground in a [BHU-2000]
 straight line  circular path  parabolic path  none of these
Q.40 A force of 1000 N is applied on a body of mass 100 kg moving with a velocity of 5 m/s. How much time does it
require to acquire a velocity of 25 m/s [Manipal-2000]
 2 sec  4 sec  6 sec  8 sec
Q.41 If a freely falling body travels in the last second, a distance equal to the distance travelled by it in the first three
seconds, the time of its travel is [Manipal-2000]
 3 sec  4 sec  5 sec  6 sec
Q.42 A packet is dropped from a balloon which is going upward with a velocity 12 m/sec. The velocity of the packet after
2 seconds will be [Manipal-2000]
 7.6 m/sec  7.6 m/sec  12 m/sec  12 m/sec
Q.43 If a ball is thrown vertically upwards at 40 m/s, its velocity after two seconds will be [AIIMS2000]
 10 m/s  20 m/s  30 m/s  40 m/s
Q.44 Velocity-time curve for a body projected vertically upwards is [AIIMS-2000]
 Ellipse  Parabola  Hyperbola  Straight line
Motion in one dimensions
Q.45 A motorcycle is moving with a velocity 80 km/hr ahead of a car moving with a velocity of 65 km/hr in the same
direction. What is the relative velocity of the motorcycle with respect to the car [AFMC-2000]
 15 km/hr  20 km/hr  25 km/hr  145 km/hr
Q.46 A body starts from rest and has an acceleration 20 cm/sec
2
. What is the distance covered by the body in
first 8 sec [ AFMC-2000]
 160 cm  640 cm  1280 cm  1640 cm
Q.47 The speed of a boat is 5 km/hr in still water. If it crosses a river of width 1 km along the shortest possible path in
15 minutes, then velocity of the river is [AFMC-2000]
 4 km/hr  3 km/hr  2 km/hr  1 km/hr
Q.48 A particle travels 10 m in first 5 sec and 10 m in next 3 sec. Assuming constant acceleration what is the distance
travelled in next 2 sec [RPET-2000]
 8.3 m  9.3 m  10.3 m  None of these
Q.49 The displacement [s] of a body is directly proportional to the square of the time [t] than the acceleration of
the body is [RPMT-2000]
 increases  constant  decreases  zero
Q.50 A train covers 50 metre distance and stops when applied the breaks. If the velocity of train is just doubled and
applied the same retarding force then the distance covered by the train is [RPMT-2000]
 50 m  100 m  150 m  200 m
Q.51 Equation of position [x] with time [t] is given by equation x =3t
3
+7t
2
+5t +8. The acceleration at time t =1s. is
 18 m/s
2
 32 m/s
2
 Zero  14 m/s
2
[CPMT-2000]
Q. 52 A ball is dropped vertically from a height d above the ground. It hits the ground and bounces up vertically to a
height d/2. Neglecting subsequent motion and air resistance, its velocity v varies with the height h above the
ground as [IIT-2000]

h
v
d

h
v
d

h
v
d 
h
v
d
Q.53 A particle moves according to above velocity time graph. Then what is the ratio between distance travelled in last
2 seconds and 7 second [RPET-2001]

1
4

1
2

1
8

1
6
Q.54 For a freely falling body ratio of distances travelled in first, second and third second of its motion will be
[RPET-2001]
 5 : 3 : 1  1 : 4 : 9  1 : 3 : 5  9 : 4 : 1
Q.55 50 m long trains are crossing each other in opposite direction with velocity of 10 m/s and 15 m/s respectively. Then
time-taken by trains to cross each other will be [RPET-2001]
 2 sec  4 sec  6 sec  8 sec
1 3 5
7 sec
10
m/sec
Motion in one dimensions
Q.56 A particle moves in east with velocity of 15 m/s for 2 sec. then moves northward with 5 m/s for
8 sec, then average velocity of the particle is [RPMT-2001]
 1 m/s  5 m/s  7 m/s  10 m/s
Q.57 A particle is thrown vertically upward. Its velocity at half of the height is 10 m/s, then maximum height attained by
it (g =10 m/s
2
) [CPMT-2001]
 8 m  20 m  10 m  16 m
Q.58 A body starts from rest with acceleration a =2[t 1] then its velocity after 5 seconds will be [RPET-2002]
 15 m/s  25 m/s  35 m/s  45 m/s
Q.59 A point P consider at contact point of a wheel on ground which rolls on ground without sliping then value of
displacement of point P when wheel completes half of rotation - [If radius of wheel is 1 m] [CPMT-2002]
 2 m 
2
4m +
 m 
2
2m +
Q.60 A car, moving with a speed of 50 km/hr. can be stopped by brakes after at least 6 m. If the same car is moving at
a speed of 100 km/hr, the minimum stopping distance is [CPET-2003]
 24 m  6 m  12 m  18 m
Q.61 The coordinates of a moving particle at any time 't' are given by
3
x t =
amd
3
y t = . The speed of the particle
at time 't' is given by [CPET-2003]

2 2 2
t o + | 
2 2
o + | 
2 2
3t o + | 
2 2 2
3t o + |
Q.62 A man throws balls with the same speed vertically upwards one after the other at an interval of
2 seconds. What should be the speed of the throw so that more than two balls are in the sky at any time (g =9.8
m/s
2
) [CPMT-2003]
 only with speed 19.6 m/s  more than 19.6 m/s
 at least 9.8 m/s  any speed less than 19.6 m/s
Q.63 If a ball is thrown vertically upwards with sped u, the distance covered during the last t seconds of its ascent is
 ut 
2
1
gt
2

2
1
ut gt
2

 | | u gt t + [CPMT-2003]
Q.64 A particle moves in a straight line with retardation proportional to its displacement. Its loss of kinetic energy for any
displacement x is proportional to [AIEEE-2004]
 log
e
x  e
x
 x  x
2
Q.65 A ball is released from the top of a tower of height h meters. It takes T seconds to reach the ground. What is the
position of the ball at
3
T
second [AIEEE-2004]

18
h 17
meter from the ground 
9
h 7
meter from the ground

9
h 8
meter from the ground 
9
h
meter from the ground
Q.66 The relation between time t and distance x is t =ax
2
+bx where a and b are constants. The acceleration
is - [AIEEE-2005]
 2av
3
 2av
2
 2abv
2
 2bv
3
Motion in one dimensions
Q.67 A car, starting from rest, accelerates at the rate f through a distance S then continues at constant speed for
time t and then decelerates at the rate
2
f
to come to rest. If the total distance traversed is 15 S, then -
 S =
2
1
ft
2
 S =
4
1
ft
2
 S =2ft
2
 S =
6
1
ft
2
[AIEEE-2005]
Q.68 A particle is moving eastwards with a velocity of 5 ms
1
. In 10 seconds the velocity changes to 5 ms
1
northwards.
The average acceleration in this time is [AIEEE-2005]
 zero 
2
ms
2
1

towards north-west

2
ms
2
1

towards north-east 
2
ms
2
1

towards-north
Q.69 A bullet fired into a fixed target loses half of its velocity after penentarting 3 cm. How much further it will penetrate
before coming to rest assuming that if faces constant resistance to motion - [AIEEE-2005]
 1.5 cm  1.0 cm  3.0 cm  2.0 cm
Q.70 A parachutist after bailing out falls 50 m without friction. When parachute opens, it decelerates at 2m/s
2
. He
reaches the ground with a speed of 3m/s. At what height, did he bail out - [AIEEE-2005]
 293 m  111 m  91 m  182 m
Q.71 Two boys are standing at the ends A and B of a ground where AB =a. The boy at B starts running in a direction
perpendicular to AB with velocity v
1
. The boy at A starts running simultaneously with velocity v and catches
the other boy in a time t, where t is - [CPMT-2005]

2
1
2
v v / a +  ) v v ( / a
1
+  ) v v /( a
2
1
2 2
 a/(v

v
1
)
Q.72 A ball is thrown vertically upward. It has a speed of 10m/sec when it has reached one half of its maximum
height. How high does the ball rise? Take g =10 m/s
2
- [CPMT-2005]
 20 m  15 m  5 m  10 m
Q.73 What will be the a vs x graph for the following graph? [IIT Scr.-2005]
   
Motion in one dimensions
Q.74 A particle located at x =0 at time t =0, starts moving along the positive x-direction with a velocity 'v' that varies as
v =a
x
. The displacement of the particle varies with time as - [AIEEE-2006]
 t  t
1/2
 t
3
 t
2
Q.75 A car runs at a constant speed on a crcular track of radius 100m, taking 62.8 seconds for every circular lap.
the average velocity and average speed for each circular lap respectively - [CPMT-2006]
 0, 10 m/s  10 m/s, 10 m/s  10 m/s, 0  0, 0
Q.76 A particle moves along a straight line OX. At a time t (in seconds) the distance x (in metres) of the particle from O
is given by x =40 +12t t
3
. How long would the particle travel before coming to rest. [CPMT-2006]
 40m  56m  16m  24m
Q.77 Two bodies, A(of mass 1kg) and B (of mass 3kg), are dropped from heights of 16m and 25m, respectively.
The ratio of the time taken by them to reach the ground is [CPMT-2006]
 12/5  5/12  4/5  5/4
Q.78 The velocity of a particle is v =v
0
+gt +ft
2
. If its position is x =0 at t =0, then its displacement after unit time
(t =1) is [AIEEE-2007]
(1) v
0
+g +f (2) v
0
+g/2 +f (3) v
0
+2g +3f (4) v
0
+g/2 +f/ 3
Q.79 A particle moving along x-axis has acceleration f, at time t, given by 0
t
f f 1
T
1

=

( )
, where f
0
and T are constants.
The particle at t =0 has zero velocity. In the time interval between t =0 and the instant when f =0, the particle
velocity (v
x
) is [CPMT-2007]
(1)
0
1
V T
2
(2) f
0
T (3)
1
2
f
0
T
2
(4) f
0
T
2
Q.80 A car moves from X to Y with a uniform speed v
u
and returns to Y with a uniform speed v
d
. The average speed
for this round trip is [CPMT-2007]
(1)
u d
v v
2

(2)
u d
d u
2v v
v v
(3)
u d
v v (4)
u d
d u
v v
v v
Q.81 The position x of a particle with respect to time t along x-axis is given by x =9t
2
t
3
where x is in metres and
t in second, what will be the position of this particle when it achieves maximum speed along the +x direction.
[CPMT-2007]
(1) 24m (2) 32m (3) 54m (4) 81m
ANSWER KEY EXERCISE # 3
Qus. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Ans. 4 3 3 3 1 3 1 4 1 4 2 1 1 2 2
Qus. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Ans. 3 2 2 3 4 4 2 2 3 1 2 3 2 2 3
Qus. 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
Ans. 2 3 2 4 3 3 2 2 2 1 3 1 2 4 1
Qus. 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Ans. 2 2 1 2 4 2 1 1 3 2 2 3 1 2 1
Qus. 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75
Ans. 4 2 2 4 3 1 3 2 2 1 3 4 3 4 1
Qus. 76 77 78 79 80 81
Ans. 3 3 4 1 2 3