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Romanians still believe in some supernatural beings such as fairies, witches, spirits and vampires.

These beliefs date from antiquity. They were usually linked to the wish of having nice weather, but also
to the fear of the unknown . Many ancient believes were adopted by the Orthodox church. or instance,
many non!"hristian symbols, such as the #un, the Moon, and the $odiac signs, can be seen in some
churches. %re "hristian mythology has survived independently. Magic and witchcraft, practiced in
Romania since the fifth millennium &", disappeared in the mid twentieth century.
'n Maramure and the mountains of northern Transylvania, the myth of the orest (irl )*ata %+durii*,
is found. &eing irresistibly beautiful, the maiden lures the lonely shepherds in her arms and they are
savagely attacked as soon as they fall into her entangling nets. 'n some cases, the shepherds could lose
their limbs or even their lives. These frightening stories were meant as an advertisment for men, in
order not to let them forget their duty, as the herd of sheep belonged to the entire community. -nother
belief says that it is dangerous to let the fire extinguish in the sheepfold. 't needs to be always lit, from
-pril till October. 'n some places *Omul .op ii * )the Man of the .ight, is considered to be the
equivalent of the orest (irl. /e is the one who punishes the bad women.
Miori a is one of the most popular Romanian myth. Two envious shepherds scheme to kill their
companion and steal his sheep. Miori a, one of the victim*s sheep, hears them and prevents its master.
'nstead of fighting or running, the shepherd accepts his death, embracing his destiny. The ballad has
been transmitted orally until 0123s, when the first written version was published, and it is considered
an allegory through which Romanians adopted "hristianity.
or 4esterners, the most popular Romanian myth is the one about "ount 5racula from Transylvania.
-n 6astern 6uropean superstition says that the relentless souls can get out of their tombs and survive
by drinking human blood. 'n Romania and its neighboring countries, &ulgaria and #erbia, the stories
about vampires )strigoi, are very well known. rom the moment 75racula8 )019:,, &ram #toker*s
novel, was screened, Romania has become synonymous with this fictional character. The novel*s action
takes place in the valleys around &istri a. The writer was inspired by folklore and history, but the exact
description of Transylvania gave the story authenticity. or instance, the hero, ;onathan /arker, spends
a night in &istrit$ )&istri a , in his passing to 5racula*s castle in &orgo %ass )#toker used the /ungarian
name of Tihu a %ass,. /e stops at (olden <rone inn which is "oroana de -ur /otel )the (olden "rown
/otel, from today. /owever, the Transylvanian #axon count imagined by #toker can be found neither
in Romanian myths nor history. The historical character 5racula was a %rince of 4allachia. 't is told
that =lad ''', also called epe , or the 'mpaler, was born in the Transylvanian city #ighi oara . /is
nickname means >the son of 5racul8 or 7of the 5ragon8. This name comes from the title which
#igismund of ?uxemburg gave to his father, =lad '', when he went to the Roman 6mperor to ask for
help to win the throne of 4allachia. -s a child, =lad the 'mpaler was held hostage at the #ultan*s court
from 0@A0 until 0@A2 where he learned how to impale. /e applied a cruel and merciless Budgment to
anyone who threatened his kingdom. /e probably got his evil reputation from the events from 0@23
when =lad impaled 0,C33 Transylvanian #axons because they did not comply with his commercial
laws. 6ngravings, which showed the macabre prince eating, surrounded by the city population who
was struggling in agony, circulated in (ermany and Russia. These engravings left their mark on
5racula*s reputation and this was how an entire industry was born.
Romanians are usually unaffected by the misconception born of #toker*s novel and, ironically, they
have turned the clichD in a component of their tourism industry. &ran "astle, built by the Teutonic
<nights in 0C0C, is considered to be the residence of "ount 5racula. /owever, &ran "astle was by no
means 5racula*s or =lad epe castle, despite the image being ecouraged by locals hawking bleeding!
heart!bedecked *' love Transylvania* T!shirts and =lad epe coffee mugs. The real =lad may have
passed through here in the 0E
th
century, but this was not his home. #till, the famed &ran "astle*s sharp
structure, with its fairy!tale turrets rising from an enveloping rocky bluff between two bodyguard!like
hills, Bust look too damn vampiric to not warrant a little *ooh* at first viewing.
The /otel "astel 5racula, better known as 5racula*s "astle, towers 0,002m high on the spot where
#toker sited his fictitious 5racula*s castle. #toker got the setting rightF the views of Tihu a %ass are
great. The architect who designed the Bagged!edged building in the early 0913s clearly studied 5racula
movies. Rooms sport a lot of cranberry!blood colour with dragon motifs G but are not overly camp. The
*highlight* of a visit is a peek into *5racula*s room*, down dark creaky steps, where visitors are given a
short, candlelit tour around his *coffin*. - *surprise* occurs near the end of the tour designed to give
visitors a little Bolt )it*s not much of one, but a "anadian visitor had a heart attack on the spot in the
mid!0993s,.

#orceF
.ational (eographic )va trebui sa treci tu data, editura etc, p. 0@, A3!A0, 039!003
?onely %lanet %ublications )din nou nu stiu numele cartii, data etc. ! este din cea pe care mi!ai trimis!o
tu pe e!mail, 7Transylvania8 p. 0A1, C3A