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AD 2000-Merkblatt

ICS 23.020.30 February 2007 edition



Manufacture and
testing of
pressure vessels
Welding supervisors, welder
AD 2000-Merkblatt
HP 3

The AD 2000-Merkbltter are prepared by the seven associations listed below who together form the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Druck-
behlter (AD). The structure and the application of the AD 2000 Code and the procedural guidelines are covered by AD 2000-Merk-
blatt G 1.
The AD 2000-Merkbltter contain safety requirements to be met under normal operating conditions. If above-normal loadings are to be
expected during the operation of the pressure vessel, this shall be taken into account by meeting special requirements.
If there are any divergences from the requirements of this AD 2000-Merkblatt, it shall be possible to prove that the standard of safety of
this Code has been maintained by other means, e.g. by materials testing, tests, stress analysis, operating experience.
Fachverband Dampfkessel-, Behlter- und Rohrleitungsbau e.V. (FDBR), Dsseldorf
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften e.V., Sankt Augustin
Verband der Chemischen Industrie e.V. (VCI), Frankfurt/Main
Verband Deutscher Maschinen- und Anlagenbau e.V. (VDMA), Fachgemeinschaft Verfahrenstechnische Maschinen und
Apparate, Frankfurt/Main
Stahlinstitut VDEh, Dsseldorf
VGB PowerTech e.V., Essen
Verband der TV e.V. (VdTV), Berlin
The above associations continuously update the AD 2000-Merkbltter in line with technical progress. Please address any proposals for
this to the publisher:
Verband der TV e.V., Friedrichstrae 136, 10117 Berlin.

Contents
0 Foreword
1 Scope

2 Welding supervisors
3 Welders

0 Foreword
The AD 2000 Code can be applied to satisfy the basic
safety requirements of the Pressure Equipment Directive,
principally for the conformity assessment in accordance
with modules G and B + F.
The AD 2000 Code is structured along the lines of a self-
contained concept. If other technical rules are used in
accordance with the state of the art to solve related prob-
lems, it is assumed that the overall concept has been
taken into account.
The AD 2000 Code can be used as appropriate for other
modules of the Pressure Equipment Directive or for differ-
ent sectors of the law. Responsibility for testing is as
specified in the provisions of the relevant sector of the
law.
1 Scope
This AD 2000-Merkblatt deals with the requirements for
supervision in welding and the qualification test to be
passed by welders as conditions which have to be met in
the manufacture of welded pressure vessels or pressure
vessels components.
2 Welding supervisors
2.1 General requirements
2.1.1 Manufacturers shall employ their own welding
supervisors. The manufacturer shall make the supervisors'
names known to the relevant third party.
2.1.2 The welding supervisor shall have all the necessary
qualifications in both technical and personal terms to deal
with the matters within his range of responsibility. Above
all, he shall have practical experience in the field of weld-
ing engineering which applies to the manufacture of ves-
sels at the works concerned.
2.1.3 The welding supervisor's tasks and responsibilities
are given in DIN EN ISO 14731. The welding supervisor
shall ensure that the relevant provisions in the HP series of
AD 2000-Merkbltter are adhered to.
2.1.4 If a manufacturer designates several welding su-
pervisors, their individual spheres of responsibility shall be
clearly defined.
2.2 Grades of welding supervisors
Welding supervisors shall be persons who, by virtue of
their training, experience and ability, are considered suit-
able for the job after an adequate training period. As re-
gards qualification, the following distinctions are made:

Supersedes October 2004 edition; | = Amendments to previous edition
AD 2000-Merkbltter are protected by Copyright. The rights of use, particularly of any translation, reproduction, extract of figures, transmission by
photomechanical means and storage in data retrieval Systems, even of extracts, are reserved to the author. Carl Heymanns Verlag has taken all reason-
able measures to ensure the accuracy of this translation but regrets that no responsibility can be accepted for any error, omission or inaccuracy. In
cases of doubt or dispute, the latest edition of the German text only is valid.
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AD 2000-Merkblatt
Page 2 AD-2000-Merkblatt HP 3, 02. 2007 edition
2.2.1 Welding supervisors (welding engineers) with com-
prehensive technical knowledge in accordance with 6.2a
of DIN EN ISO 14731 can be employed without any limita-
tion on their range of duties.
2.2.2 Welding supervisors (welding technicians) with
special technical knowledge in accordance with 6.2b of
DIN EN ISO 14731 can be employed with limitations as
supervisors of the welding of certain materials.
2.2.3 Welding supervisors (welding specialists) with
basic technical knowledge in accordance with 6.2c of DIN
EN ISO 14731 can be employed as supervisors in the
welding of components which are easy to fabricate and
do not require heat treatment.
2.2.4 Other personnel suitable for welding supervisors,
but not possessing proof of suitable qualification may, for
those particular areas of work in which they have achieved
experience, be employed as appropriate in the same way
as the persons named in 2.2.1 to 2.2.3.
3 Welders
3.1 Qualification test principles
3.1.1 Qualification tests for welders are based on DIN EN
287-1 in the case of steel and DIN EN ISO 9606-2 in the
case of aluminium and aluminium alloys. For copper and
copper alloys DIN EN ISO 9606-3 applies, for nickel and
nickel alloys DIN EN ISO 9606-4 applies and for titanium,
zirconium and their alloys, the test is carried out as de-
scribed in DIN EN ISO 9606-5. Other materials shall be
similarly classified under these standards in a manner
appropriate to their properties.
A test of welders' job knowledge in accordance with the
relevant annex of the standards is necessary.
Mechanized welding appliance operators are approved on
the basis of a welding procedure test, a pre-production
welding test, or a production test in accordance with DIN
EN 1418.
3.1.2 Other test conditions
The scope specified in 5.5.2 of DIN EN 287-1 for the par-
ent metal can be applied with the following exceptions.
(1) A test on materials of Group 7 does not include
Groups 4, 5, 6 and 9.1.
(2) A test on materials of Groups 8 and 10 includes 9.2
and 9.3 only if these are welded using weld metals of
Group 8 or 10.
3.2 Training
The training of welders shall take place at centres where
welders are trained systematically and where all the nec-
essary conditions are met to ensure that the welders are
trained according to the requirements for qualification
tests.
3.3 Initial qualification testing of welders
The testing is carried out by
the relevant third party.
Testing for welders employed at a works may be carried
out by that works' welding supervisor, trained as stated in
2.2.1, with the agreement of the relevant third party. The
approval is issued by the relevant third party.
Conditions for testing carried out by the manufacturer
shall be that the welders have undergone training as sta-
ted in 3.2, and that personnel qualified to conduct the
testing and suitable equipment are available.
The test results shall be recorded in writing and be kept
available.
3.4 Renewal of the qualification testing of welders
In addition to the requirements of the particular test stan-
dards, the result of fracture tests shall be submitted for
the renewal of qualification testing of welders using meth-
ods 131, 135, 311 and 136 (metal powder flux-cored wire
electrodes only).
3.5 Test certificates
Test certificates shall be kept at the welder's place of
work.

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