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Saturday, April 29, 2010

Page 1
CODE 111
Mathematics 1228B
Final Examination
PART A (35 marks)
NOTE: THE PROBLEMS IN PART A MUST BE ANSWERED ON THE
SCANTRON SHEET. ALSO CIRCLE YOUR ANSWERS IN THIS BOOK-
LET.
A1. 1
mark
If n(A) = 23, n(B) = 7 and n(A
c
B) = 4, nd n(A B).
A: 25 B: 26 C: 27 D: 30 E: 34
A2. 1
mark
Consider the counting tree shown here:

A
12
\
\
\
\
\
A
c

B
B
C
C
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
D
D
5
2
3
If n(A B) = 16, nd n(U), where U denotes the universal set.
A: 9 B: 16 C: 19 D: 21 E: 26
A3. 1
mark
How many subsets of the set {a, b, c} contain at least one, but not all, of the letters in the
word cab?
A: 3 B: 6 C: 7 D: 8 E: 9
A4. 1
mark
How many even numbers less than 400 can be formed using only the digits 2, 3, 6 and/or
8, if repetition is allowed?
A: 8 B: 16 C: 24 D: 32 E: 64
A5. 1
mark
In how many ways can 6 girls be arranged in a line if two of the girls, Norma and Paula,
cannot be side-by-side in the line?
A: 6! B: 6! 2! C: 6! 4! D: 6! 5! E: 6! 5!2!
A6. 1
mark
In how many ways can 6 boys be arranged in a circle if two of the boys, Norm and Paul,
must be side-by-side in the circle?
A: 4!2! B: 4! C: 5!2! D: 5! E: 6!2!
A7. 1
mark
What is the value of

10
2

?
A: 45 B: 90 C: 100 D:
10!
2
E: 10!
Mathematics 1228B
Final Examination
CODE 111
Saturday, April 29, 2010
Page 2
A8. 1
mark
In how many distinct ways can 15 dierent books be divided between 3 students, Pat, Sal
and Chris, so that one student receives 6 books, one receives 5 and the other receives 4?
A:

15
6 5 4

B:

15
6 5 4

3! C:

15
6 5 4

3
D:

15
6 5 4

3 E:

15
6 5 4

3!
A9. 1
mark
In how many distinct ways can two 4s, two 5s and two 6s be arranged into a 6-digit
number?
A:

6
2 2 2

B:

6
2 2 2

3! C:

6
2 2 2

2!
D:

6
2 2 2

3! E:

6
2 2 2

2!
A10. 1
mark
Let S = {a, b, c} be a sample space for a certain experiment. If Pr[a] = 2Pr[b], and
Pr[b] = 2Pr[c], what is Pr[a]?
A:
1
7
B:
4
7
C:
1
5
D:
2
5
E:
1
3
A11. 1
mark
An ordinary fair coin is tossed 3 times. Which of the following sets could be used as a
sample space for this experiment?
(i) S
1
= {more heads than tails, more tails than heads}
(ii) S
2
= {no heads, no tails}
(iii) S
3
= {at least one head, at least one tail}
A: Any of S
1
, S
2
, or S
3
. B: None of S
1
, S
2
or S
3
. C: S
1
or S
3
only.
D: S
1
only. E: S
2
only.
A12. 1
mark
A red die and a green die are tossed. What is the probability that the sum of the 2 dice
will be 6?
A:
6
36
B:
5
36
C:
3
21
D:
5
21
E: None of A, B, C or D.
A13. 1
mark
A hand of 2 cards is dealt (at random) from a standard 52-card deck. What is the
probability that the hand contains one Jack and one Queen?
A:

13
2

52
2
B:

4
1

4
1

52
2
C:
4 4
52 51
D:
4
2
52
2
E:
2
52
2
Saturday, April 29, 2010
Page 3
CODE 111
Mathematics 1228B
Final Examination
Use the following information for Questions A14, A15 and A16.
Whenever a particular experiment is performed, event E occurs with probability
2
3
and
event F occurs with probability
1
2
.
A14. 1
mark
If Pr[E | F] =
4
5
, what is the probability that events E and F are both observed when
the experiment is performed once?
A: 0 B:
1
3
C:
2
5
D:
8
15
E: 1
A15. 1
mark
If E and F are independent events, what is Pr[E | F]?
A: 0 B:
1
6
C:
1
3
D:
1
2
E:
2
3
A16. 1
mark
Is it possible that E and F are mutually exclusive events?
A: No B: Yes
Use the probability tree shown here for questions A17 and A18.

A
1/3
\
\
\
\
\
\
A
c
2/3

B
B
1/2
1/3
C
C
1/6
1/6
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
D
D
1/3
1/2
A17. 1
mark
Find Pr[C].
A:
1
18
B:
1
9
C:
1
6
D:
1
3
E:
1
2
A18. 1
mark
Find Pr[A | B].
A:
1
3
B:
1
2
C:
1
6
D:
1
6
1
6
+
2
9
E:
1
3
1
6
+
2
9
Mathematics 1228B
Final Examination
CODE 111
Saturday, April 29, 2010
Page 4
A19. 1
mark
A single die is tossed 5 times. What is the probability that at least one 4 is tossed?
A:

1
6

1

5
6

4
B:

5
1

1
6

1

5
6

4
C: 1

1
6

5
D: 1

5
6

5
E:

5
1

6
4
6
5
A20. 1
mark
A single die is tossed 5 times. What is the probability that exactly one 3 and exactly 2
even numbers are tossed?
A:

5
3

1
6

1

1
2

2
B:

5
1

3
2

4
2

1
6

3
C:

5
1

1
6

1

5
6

4
+

5
2

1
2

2

1
2

3
D:

5
1

1
6

1

5
6

4
+

5
2

1
2

2

1
2

3
+

5
2

1
3

2

2
3

3
E:

5
1 2 2

1
6

1

1
2

2

1
3

2
Use the following information for questions A21 and A22.
X is a discrete random variable whose possible values are 1, 3 and 5. The probability
distribution function (pdf) of X is shown here:
x Pr[X = x]
1 .1
3 .3
5 ?
A21. 1
mark
What is Pr[X = 5]?
A: .5 B: .6 C:
1
3
D: 1 E: Cannot be determined.
A22. 1
mark
If F(x) is the cumulative distribution function (cdf) of X, what is the value of F(3)?
A: 3 B: .1 C: .3 D: .4 E: .9
A23. 1
mark
Let X be a discrete random variable. If Pr[X = 1] =
1
3
and Pr[X = 3] =
2
3
, nd E(X).
A: 1 B:
1
2
C:
5
3
D:
7
3
E: Cannot be determined.
A24. 1
mark
Let X be a discrete random variable. If Pr[X = 0] = Pr[X = 1] = Pr[X = 2] =
1
3
, so
that = E(X) = 1, nd V (X).
A:
5
3
B:
2
3
C:
1
3
D: 0 E:
4
3
Saturday, April 29, 2010
Page 5
CODE 111
Mathematics 1228B
Final Examination
A25. 1
mark
Let X = B

5,
1
3

. That is, let X be a binomial random variable based on n = 5 trials in


which the probability of success is p =
1
3
, so that E(X) =
5
3
and V (X) =
10
9
. What is the
value of E(X
2
)?
A:
35
9
B:
25
9
C:
15
9
D:
10
9
E: Cannot be determined.
A26. 1
mark
Let X and Y be two independent random variables with E(X) = 2, V (X) = 1, E(Y
2
) = 5
and E(XY ) = 6. Find E(Y ).
A:

5 B: 1 C: 2 D: 3 E: 4
A27. 1
mark
Let X and Y be two independent random variables with V (X) = 25 and V (Y ) = 9. Find
V (X Y ).
A: 2 B: 4 C: 16 D:

34 E: 34
A28. 1
mark
Discrete random variable X has possible values 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8. Continuous random
variable Y is known to be a good approximation for X. Which of the following is used to
approximate Pr[X 6]?
A: Pr[Y > 6] B: Pr[Y < 4] C: Pr[Y > 5.5] D: Pr[Y < 5.5] E: Pr[Y > 5]
A29. 1
mark
Let X be a continuous random variable with probability density function f(x) =
x
8
if
0 < x < 4 and f(x) = 0 otherwise. Find Pr[X 3].
A:
3
8
B:
3
16
C:
9
16
D:
7
16
E:
5
8
In the following questions, Z is the standard normal random variable. Use the table
provided at the back of the exam paper for questions A30 through A35.
A30. 1
mark
Find Pr[Z > 0.15].
A: .0668 B: .4404 C: .5596 D: .8500 E: .9332
A31. 1
mark
Find Pr[0.3 < Z < 0.3].
A: 0 B: .1179 C: .2358 D: .3821 E: .6179
A32. 1
mark
If Pr[Z < a] = .7190, what is the value of a?
A: .7642 B: .3810 C: 1.58 D: 0.58 E: 0.08
Mathematics 1228B
Final Examination
CODE 111
Saturday, April 29, 2010
Page 6
A33. 1
mark
Let X be a normal random variable with mean = 10 and standard deviation = 2.
Find Pr[X < 13].
A: .9332 B: 1.50 C: .0668 D: .9599 E: .4599
A34. 1
mark
Let X be a normal random variable with mean = 12 and variance
2
= 4. Find
Pr[15 < X < 16].
A: 0 B: .0440 C: .0679 D: .0934 E: .5000
A35. 1
mark
Let X be a discrete random variable whose possible values are consecutive integers. If
X is approximately normal with mean = 100 and standard deviation = 10, nd
Pr[X 125].
A: 2.55 B: .8944 C: .9929 D: .9938 E: .9946
Saturday, April 29, 2010
Page 7
CODE 111
Mathematics 1228B
Final Examination
PART B (15 marks)
SHOW YOUR WORK
B1. 2
marks
If it is known that n(U) = 50, n(A) = 35, n(B
c
) = 20 and n(A
c
B) = 10, complete the
counting tree below, showing the appropriate numbers on all the branches.

A
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
A
c

B
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
B
c

B
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
B
c
B2. 2
marks
A hand of 2 cards is dealt from a well-shued standard 52-card deck. Let F be the event
that the hand which is dealt contains at least one face card (i.e. Jack, Queen or King).
Find n(F). Do not simplify your answer.
Mathematics 1228B
Final Examination
CODE 111
Saturday, April 29, 2010
Page 8
B3. 3
marks
In a rural population, 10% of the school-age children have been exposed to TB (tubercu-
losis). The Mantoux skin test is available to test for such exposure. When a child who has
been exposed to TB is given the test, a positive test result occurs 95% of the time. If the
child has not been exposed to TB, a positive test result occurs only 1% of the time. A
child is selected at random and tested. If the test result is positive, what is the probability
that the child has been exposed to TB? DO NOT simplify your answer.
Saturday, April 29, 2010
Page 9
CODE 111
Mathematics 1228B
Final Examination
B4. 3
marks
One card is drawn at random fromeach of two well-shued decks. Let X be the number of
Hearts drawn. Make a (single) table showing both the probability distribution function
(pdf) of X and the cumulative distribution function (cdf) of X.
Mathematics 1228B
Final Examination
CODE 111
Saturday, April 29, 2010
Page 10
B5. 5
marks
Philip is bored, waiting for his friend to shower and get ready so that they can go to the
mall. Theres a deck of cards sitting on the coee table, so Philip picks it up. Philip
shues the deck and then turns up the top card. He performs this experiment exactly 100
times while waiting for his friend, replacing the card and re-shuing each time.
Let X be the number of times that Philip turns up a black card.
(a) What is the expected value of X?
(b) What is the standard deviation of X?
(c) Using the table provided at the back of the exam paper, nd an approximation for the
probability that Philip turns up more than 55 black cards. Show your work.