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Page 1

CODE 111

Mathematics 1228B

Final Examination

PART A (35 marks)

NOTE: THE PROBLEMS IN PART A MUST BE ANSWERED ON THE

SCANTRON SHEET. ALSO CIRCLE YOUR ANSWERS IN THIS BOOK-

LET.

A1. 1

mark

If n(A) = 23, n(B) = 7 and n(A

c

B) = 4, nd n(A B).

A: 25 B: 26 C: 27 D: 30 E: 34

A2. 1

mark

Consider the counting tree shown here:

A

12

\

\

\

\

\

A

c

B

B

C

C

@

@

@

@

@

@

@

@

D

D

5

2

3

If n(A B) = 16, nd n(U), where U denotes the universal set.

A: 9 B: 16 C: 19 D: 21 E: 26

A3. 1

mark

How many subsets of the set {a, b, c} contain at least one, but not all, of the letters in the

word cab?

A: 3 B: 6 C: 7 D: 8 E: 9

A4. 1

mark

How many even numbers less than 400 can be formed using only the digits 2, 3, 6 and/or

8, if repetition is allowed?

A: 8 B: 16 C: 24 D: 32 E: 64

A5. 1

mark

In how many ways can 6 girls be arranged in a line if two of the girls, Norma and Paula,

cannot be side-by-side in the line?

A: 6! B: 6! 2! C: 6! 4! D: 6! 5! E: 6! 5!2!

A6. 1

mark

In how many ways can 6 boys be arranged in a circle if two of the boys, Norm and Paul,

must be side-by-side in the circle?

A: 4!2! B: 4! C: 5!2! D: 5! E: 6!2!

A7. 1

mark

What is the value of

10

2

?

A: 45 B: 90 C: 100 D:

10!

2

E: 10!

Mathematics 1228B

Final Examination

CODE 111

Saturday, April 29, 2010

Page 2

A8. 1

mark

In how many distinct ways can 15 dierent books be divided between 3 students, Pat, Sal

and Chris, so that one student receives 6 books, one receives 5 and the other receives 4?

A:

15

6 5 4

B:

15

6 5 4

3! C:

15

6 5 4

3

D:

15

6 5 4

3 E:

15

6 5 4

3!

A9. 1

mark

In how many distinct ways can two 4s, two 5s and two 6s be arranged into a 6-digit

number?

A:

6

2 2 2

B:

6

2 2 2

3! C:

6

2 2 2

2!

D:

6

2 2 2

3! E:

6

2 2 2

2!

A10. 1

mark

Let S = {a, b, c} be a sample space for a certain experiment. If Pr[a] = 2Pr[b], and

Pr[b] = 2Pr[c], what is Pr[a]?

A:

1

7

B:

4

7

C:

1

5

D:

2

5

E:

1

3

A11. 1

mark

An ordinary fair coin is tossed 3 times. Which of the following sets could be used as a

sample space for this experiment?

(i) S

1

= {more heads than tails, more tails than heads}

(ii) S

2

= {no heads, no tails}

(iii) S

3

= {at least one head, at least one tail}

A: Any of S

1

, S

2

, or S

3

. B: None of S

1

, S

2

or S

3

. C: S

1

or S

3

only.

D: S

1

only. E: S

2

only.

A12. 1

mark

A red die and a green die are tossed. What is the probability that the sum of the 2 dice

will be 6?

A:

6

36

B:

5

36

C:

3

21

D:

5

21

E: None of A, B, C or D.

A13. 1

mark

A hand of 2 cards is dealt (at random) from a standard 52-card deck. What is the

probability that the hand contains one Jack and one Queen?

A:

13

2

52

2

B:

4

1

4

1

52

2

C:

4 4

52 51

D:

4

2

52

2

E:

2

52

2

Saturday, April 29, 2010

Page 3

CODE 111

Mathematics 1228B

Final Examination

Use the following information for Questions A14, A15 and A16.

Whenever a particular experiment is performed, event E occurs with probability

2

3

and

event F occurs with probability

1

2

.

A14. 1

mark

If Pr[E | F] =

4

5

, what is the probability that events E and F are both observed when

the experiment is performed once?

A: 0 B:

1

3

C:

2

5

D:

8

15

E: 1

A15. 1

mark

If E and F are independent events, what is Pr[E | F]?

A: 0 B:

1

6

C:

1

3

D:

1

2

E:

2

3

A16. 1

mark

Is it possible that E and F are mutually exclusive events?

A: No B: Yes

Use the probability tree shown here for questions A17 and A18.

A

1/3

\

\

\

\

\

\

A

c

2/3

B

B

1/2

1/3

C

C

1/6

1/6

@

@

@

@

@

@

@

@

@

@

D

D

1/3

1/2

A17. 1

mark

Find Pr[C].

A:

1

18

B:

1

9

C:

1

6

D:

1

3

E:

1

2

A18. 1

mark

Find Pr[A | B].

A:

1

3

B:

1

2

C:

1

6

D:

1

6

1

6

+

2

9

E:

1

3

1

6

+

2

9

Mathematics 1228B

Final Examination

CODE 111

Saturday, April 29, 2010

Page 4

A19. 1

mark

A single die is tossed 5 times. What is the probability that at least one 4 is tossed?

A:

1

6

1

5

6

4

B:

5

1

1

6

1

5

6

4

C: 1

1

6

5

D: 1

5

6

5

E:

5

1

6

4

6

5

A20. 1

mark

A single die is tossed 5 times. What is the probability that exactly one 3 and exactly 2

even numbers are tossed?

A:

5

3

1

6

1

1

2

2

B:

5

1

3

2

4

2

1

6

3

C:

5

1

1

6

1

5

6

4

+

5

2

1

2

2

1

2

3

D:

5

1

1

6

1

5

6

4

+

5

2

1

2

2

1

2

3

+

5

2

1

3

2

2

3

3

E:

5

1 2 2

1

6

1

1

2

2

1

3

2

Use the following information for questions A21 and A22.

X is a discrete random variable whose possible values are 1, 3 and 5. The probability

distribution function (pdf) of X is shown here:

x Pr[X = x]

1 .1

3 .3

5 ?

A21. 1

mark

What is Pr[X = 5]?

A: .5 B: .6 C:

1

3

D: 1 E: Cannot be determined.

A22. 1

mark

If F(x) is the cumulative distribution function (cdf) of X, what is the value of F(3)?

A: 3 B: .1 C: .3 D: .4 E: .9

A23. 1

mark

Let X be a discrete random variable. If Pr[X = 1] =

1

3

and Pr[X = 3] =

2

3

, nd E(X).

A: 1 B:

1

2

C:

5

3

D:

7

3

E: Cannot be determined.

A24. 1

mark

Let X be a discrete random variable. If Pr[X = 0] = Pr[X = 1] = Pr[X = 2] =

1

3

, so

that = E(X) = 1, nd V (X).

A:

5

3

B:

2

3

C:

1

3

D: 0 E:

4

3

Saturday, April 29, 2010

Page 5

CODE 111

Mathematics 1228B

Final Examination

A25. 1

mark

Let X = B

5,

1

3

which the probability of success is p =

1

3

, so that E(X) =

5

3

and V (X) =

10

9

. What is the

value of E(X

2

)?

A:

35

9

B:

25

9

C:

15

9

D:

10

9

E: Cannot be determined.

A26. 1

mark

Let X and Y be two independent random variables with E(X) = 2, V (X) = 1, E(Y

2

) = 5

and E(XY ) = 6. Find E(Y ).

A:

5 B: 1 C: 2 D: 3 E: 4

A27. 1

mark

Let X and Y be two independent random variables with V (X) = 25 and V (Y ) = 9. Find

V (X Y ).

A: 2 B: 4 C: 16 D:

34 E: 34

A28. 1

mark

Discrete random variable X has possible values 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8. Continuous random

variable Y is known to be a good approximation for X. Which of the following is used to

approximate Pr[X 6]?

A: Pr[Y > 6] B: Pr[Y < 4] C: Pr[Y > 5.5] D: Pr[Y < 5.5] E: Pr[Y > 5]

A29. 1

mark

Let X be a continuous random variable with probability density function f(x) =

x

8

if

0 < x < 4 and f(x) = 0 otherwise. Find Pr[X 3].

A:

3

8

B:

3

16

C:

9

16

D:

7

16

E:

5

8

In the following questions, Z is the standard normal random variable. Use the table

provided at the back of the exam paper for questions A30 through A35.

A30. 1

mark

Find Pr[Z > 0.15].

A: .0668 B: .4404 C: .5596 D: .8500 E: .9332

A31. 1

mark

Find Pr[0.3 < Z < 0.3].

A: 0 B: .1179 C: .2358 D: .3821 E: .6179

A32. 1

mark

If Pr[Z < a] = .7190, what is the value of a?

A: .7642 B: .3810 C: 1.58 D: 0.58 E: 0.08

Mathematics 1228B

Final Examination

CODE 111

Saturday, April 29, 2010

Page 6

A33. 1

mark

Let X be a normal random variable with mean = 10 and standard deviation = 2.

Find Pr[X < 13].

A: .9332 B: 1.50 C: .0668 D: .9599 E: .4599

A34. 1

mark

Let X be a normal random variable with mean = 12 and variance

2

= 4. Find

Pr[15 < X < 16].

A: 0 B: .0440 C: .0679 D: .0934 E: .5000

A35. 1

mark

Let X be a discrete random variable whose possible values are consecutive integers. If

X is approximately normal with mean = 100 and standard deviation = 10, nd

Pr[X 125].

A: 2.55 B: .8944 C: .9929 D: .9938 E: .9946

Saturday, April 29, 2010

Page 7

CODE 111

Mathematics 1228B

Final Examination

PART B (15 marks)

SHOW YOUR WORK

B1. 2

marks

If it is known that n(U) = 50, n(A) = 35, n(B

c

) = 20 and n(A

c

B) = 10, complete the

counting tree below, showing the appropriate numbers on all the branches.

A

@

@

@

@

@

@

@

A

c

B

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

B

c

B

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

B

c

B2. 2

marks

A hand of 2 cards is dealt from a well-shued standard 52-card deck. Let F be the event

that the hand which is dealt contains at least one face card (i.e. Jack, Queen or King).

Find n(F). Do not simplify your answer.

Mathematics 1228B

Final Examination

CODE 111

Saturday, April 29, 2010

Page 8

B3. 3

marks

In a rural population, 10% of the school-age children have been exposed to TB (tubercu-

losis). The Mantoux skin test is available to test for such exposure. When a child who has

been exposed to TB is given the test, a positive test result occurs 95% of the time. If the

child has not been exposed to TB, a positive test result occurs only 1% of the time. A

child is selected at random and tested. If the test result is positive, what is the probability

that the child has been exposed to TB? DO NOT simplify your answer.

Saturday, April 29, 2010

Page 9

CODE 111

Mathematics 1228B

Final Examination

B4. 3

marks

One card is drawn at random fromeach of two well-shued decks. Let X be the number of

Hearts drawn. Make a (single) table showing both the probability distribution function

(pdf) of X and the cumulative distribution function (cdf) of X.

Mathematics 1228B

Final Examination

CODE 111

Saturday, April 29, 2010

Page 10

B5. 5

marks

Philip is bored, waiting for his friend to shower and get ready so that they can go to the

mall. Theres a deck of cards sitting on the coee table, so Philip picks it up. Philip

shues the deck and then turns up the top card. He performs this experiment exactly 100

times while waiting for his friend, replacing the card and re-shuing each time.

Let X be the number of times that Philip turns up a black card.

(a) What is the expected value of X?

(b) What is the standard deviation of X?

(c) Using the table provided at the back of the exam paper, nd an approximation for the

probability that Philip turns up more than 55 black cards. Show your work.

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